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12.

47 Mohrs circle is shown for a point in a


physical object that is subjected to plane stress.
(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show
them on a stress element.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the
maximum in-plane shear stress acting at the point
and show these stresses on an appropriate sketch
(e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.47

Solution
x = (35 ksi, 20 ksi)
y = (5 ksi, 20 ksi)
C = 20 ksi
R = (15 ksi) 2 + (20 ksi) 2 = 25 ksi

p1 = C + R = 20 ksi + 25 ksi = 45 ksi


p 2 = C R = 20 ksi 25 ksi = 5 ksi
max = R = 25 ksi
avg = C = 20 ksi
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and p1 is found
from:
20 ksi
20 ksi
=
= 1.3333
2 p = 53.13
tan 2 p =
thus, p = 26.57
(35 ksi) (20 ksi) 15 ksi
By inspection, the angle p from point x to p1 is turned clockwise.

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12.48 Mohrs circle is shown for a point in a


physical object that is subjected to plane stress.
(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show
them on a stress element.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the
maximum in-plane shear stress acting at the point
and show these stresses on an appropriate sketch
(e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.48

Solution
x = (90 ksi, 60 ksi)
y = (30 ksi, 60 ksi)
C = 60 ksi
R = (30 ksi) 2 + (60 ksi) 2 = 67.08 ksi

p1 = C + R = 60 ksi + 67.08 ksi = 127.08 ksi


p 2 = C R = 60 ksi 67.08 ksi = 7.08 ksi
max = R = 67.08 ksi
avg = C = 60 ksi
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and p1 is found
from:
60 ksi
60 ksi
=
= 2 2 p = 63.43
tan 2 p =
thus, p = 31.72
(90 ksi) (60 ksi) 30 ksi
By inspection, the angle p from point x to p1 is turned counterclockwise.

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12.49 Mohrs circle is shown for a point in a


physical object that is subjected to plane stress.
(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show
them on a stress element.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the
maximum in-plane shear stress acting at the point
and show these stresses on an appropriate sketch
(e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.49

Solution
x = (100 MPa, 30 MPa)
y = (20 MPa, 30 MPa)
C = 40 MPa
R = (60 MPa) 2 + (30 MPa)2 = 67.08 MPa

p1 = C + R = 40 MPa + 67.08 MPa = 27.08 MPa


p 2 = C R = 40 MPa 67.08 MPa = 107.08 MPa
max = R = 67.08 MPa
avg = C = 60 MPa
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and p2 is found
from:
30 MPa
30 MPa
=
= 0.5 2 p = 26.57 thus, p = 13.28
tan 2 p =
(100 MPa) (40 MPa) 60 MPa
By inspection, the angle p from point x to p2 is turned clockwise.

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12.50 Mohrs circle is shown for a point in a


physical object that is subjected to plane stress.
(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show
them on a stress element.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the
maximum in-plane shear stress acting at the point
and show these stresses on an appropriate sketch
(e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.50

Solution
x = (55 MPa, 25 MPa)
y = (15 MPa, 25 MPa)
C = 20 MPa
R = (35 MPa) 2 + (25 MPa) 2 = 43.01 MPa

p1 = C + R = 20 MPa + 43.01 MPa = 23.01 MPa


p 2 = C R = 20 MPa 43.01 MPa = 63.01 MPa
max = R = 43.01 MPa
avg = C = 20 MPa (C)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and p2 is found
from:
25 MPa
25 MPa
=
= 0.7143
2 p = 35.54
tan 2 p =
thus, p = 17.77
(55 MPa) (20 MPa) 35 MPa
By inspection, the angle p from point x to p2 is turned counterclockwise.

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12.51 Mohrs circle is shown for a point in a


physical object that is subjected to plane stress.
(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show
them on a stress element.
(b) Determine the stresses n, t, and nt and show
them on a stress element that is properly rotated
with respect to the x-y element. The sketch must
include the magnitude of the angle between the x
and n axes and an indication of the rotation direction
(i.e., either clockwise or counterclockwise).

Fig. P12.51

Solution
x = (60 MPa, 15 MPa)
n = (10 MPa, 30 MPa)

y = (20 MPa, 15 MPa)


t = (50 MPa, 30 MPa)

C = 20 MPa

R = (40 MPa) 2 + (15 MPa) 2 = 42.72 MPa

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 1 is
found from:
15 MPa
15 MPa
=
= 0.3750
2 p = 20.6
tan 2 p =
(60 MPa) (20 MPa) 40 MPa
The magnitude of the angle between point n and point 2 is found from:
30 MPa
30 MPa
=
=1
= 45
tan =
(10 MPa) (20 MPa) 30 MPa
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The angle between point x and point n is thus


= 180 20.6 45 = 114.4
Since angles in Mohrs circle are doubled, the actual angle between the x face and the n face is half of
this magnitude: 57.2. By inspection, the 57.2 angle from point x to point n is turned in a
counterclockwise direction. The correct stresses on the n and t faces are shown in the sketch below.

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12.52 Mohrs circle is shown for a point in a


physical object that is subjected to plane stress.
(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show
them on a stress element.
(b) Determine the stresses n, t, and nt and show
them on a stress element that is properly rotated
with respect to the x-y element. The sketch must
include the magnitude of the angle between the x
and n axes and an indication of the rotation direction
(i.e., either clockwise or counterclockwise).

Fig. P12.52

Solution
x = (10 ksi, 30 ksi)
n = (65 ksi, 10 ksi)

y = (50 ksi, 30 ksi)


t = (5 ksi, 10 ksi)

C = 30 ksi

R = (20 ksi) 2 + (30 ksi) 2 = 36.06 ksi

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2 is
found from:
30 ksi
30 ksi
tan 2 p =
=
= 1.5
2 p = 56.3
(10 ksi) (30 ksi) 20 ksi
The magnitude of the angle between point n and point 1 is found from:
10 ksi
10 ksi
tan =
=
= 0.2857
= 15.9
(65 ksi) (30 ksi) 35 ksi
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The angle between point x and point n is thus


= 180 56.3 15.9 = 107.8
Since angles in Mohrs circle are doubled, the actual angle between the x face and the n face is half of
this magnitude: 53.9. By inspection, the 53.9 angle from point x to point n is turned in a clockwise
direction. The correct stresses on the n and t faces are shown in the sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.53 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point using Mohrs circle.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).

Instructors: Problems 12.53-12.56 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.53

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(15 ksi) + (5 ksi)
= 5 ksi
C=
2
R = (10 ksi) 2 + (12.5 ksi) 2 = 16.01 ksi

p1 = C + R = 5 ksi + 16.01 ksi = 11.01 ksi


p 2 = C R = 5 ksi 16.01 ksi = 21.01 ksi
max = R = 16.01 ksi
avg = C = 5 ksi
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
tan 2 p =

12.5 ksi
12.5 ksi
=
= 1.25
(15 ksi) (5 ksi)
10 ksi

2 p = 51.340

thus, p = 25.67

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned clockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.54 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point using Mohrs circle.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).

Instructors: Problems 12.53-12.56 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.54

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(28 MPa) + (50 MPa)
= 11 MPa
C=
2
R = (39 MPa) 2 + (44 MPa) 2 = 58.80 MPa

p1 = C + R = 11 MPa + 58.80 MPa = 47.80 MPa


p 2 = C R = 11 MPa 58.80 MPa = 69.80 MPa
max = R = 58.80 MPa
avg = C = 11 MPa
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,
the x face of the stress element) and point 1 (i.e., the
principal plane subjected to p1) is found from:
tan 2 p =

44 MPa
44 MPa
=
= 1.1282
(28 MPa) (11 MPa) 39 MPa

2 p = 48.447

thus, p = 24.22

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned counterclockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.55 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point using Mohrs circle.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).

Instructors: Problems 12.53-12.56 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.55

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
C=

(16 ksi) + (3 ksi)


= 6.5 ksi
2

R = (9.5 ksi) 2 + (8 ksi) 2 = 12.42 ksi

p1 = C + R = 6.5 ksi + 12.42 ksi = 18.92 ksi


p 2 = C R = 6.5 ksi 12.42 ksi = 5.92 ksi
max = R = 16.01 ksi
avg = C = 6.5 ksi
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 1
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p1) is found
from:
8 ksi
8 ksi
tan 2 p =
=
= 0.8421
(16 ksi) (6.5 ksi) 9.5 ksi

2 p = 40.101

thus, p = 20.05

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.56 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point using Mohrs circle.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).

Instructors: Problems 12.53-12.56 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.56

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
C=

(12 ksi) + (30 ksi)


= 9.0 ksi
2

R = (21 ksi) 2 + (18 ksi) 2 = 27.66 ksi

p1 = C + R = 9.0 ksi + 27.66 ksi = 36.66 ksi


p 2 = C R = 9.0 ksi 27.66 ksi = 18.66 ksi
max = R = 27.66 ksi
avg = C = 9.0 ksi
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found
from:
18 ksi
18 ksi
tan 2 p =
=
= 0.8571
(12 ksi) (9 ksi) 21 ksi

2 p = 40.601

thus, p = 20.30

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned counterclockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.57 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.57-12.60 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.57

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle construction is shown.
C=

(6 ksi) + (18 ksi)


= 12 ksi
2

R = (6 ksi) 2 + (30 ksi) 2 = 30.59 ksi

p1 = C + R = 12 ksi + 30.59 ksi = 42.59 ksi


p 2 = C R = 12 ksi 30.59 ksi = 18.59 ksi
max = R = 30.59 ksi
avg = C = 12 ksi
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
30 ksi
30 ksi
tan 2 p =
=
=5
2 p = 78.690
(6 ksi) (12 ksi)
6 ksi

thus, p = 39.35

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned clockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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(d) Since the point in a structural member is subjected to plane stress


z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3
plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y
plane). Therefore
abs max = max = 30.59 ksi
Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.58 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.57-12.60 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.58

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(35 MPa) + (65 MPa)
= 50 MPa
C=
2
R = (15 MPa) 2 + (24 MPa) 2 = 28.30 MPa

p1 = C + R = 50 MPa + 28.30 MPa = 21.70 MPa


p 2 = C R = 50 MPa 28.30 MPa = 78.30 MPa
max = R = 28.30 MPa
avg = C = 50 MPa (C)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 1
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p1) is found from:
tan 2 p =

24 MPa
24 MPa
=
= 1.6
(35 MPa) (50 MPa) 15 MPa

2 p = 57.995

thus, p = 29.00

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned counterclockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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(d) Since the point in a structural member is subjected to plane stress


z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3
plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane. Therefore
p 2 p3
78.30 MPa 0 MPa
abs max =
=
= 39.15 MPa
2
2

Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.59 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.57-12.60 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.59

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(0 MPa) + (45 MPa)
= 22.5 MPa
C=
2
R = (22.5 MPa) 2 + (25 MPa) 2 = 33.63 MPa

p1 = C + R = 22.5 MPa + 33.63 MPa = 11.13 MPa


p 2 = C R = 22.5 MPa 33.63 MPa = 56.13 MPa
max = R = 33.63 MPa
avg = C = 22.5 MPa (C)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,
the x face of the stress element) and point 1 (i.e., the
principal plane subjected to p1) is found from:
tan 2 p =

25 MPa
25 MPa
=
= 1.1111
(0 MPa) (22.5 MPa) 22.5 MPa

2 p = 48.013

thus, p = 24.01

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(d) Since the point in a structural member is subjected to plane stress


z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3
plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y
plane). Therefore
abs max = max = 33.63 MPa
Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

12.60 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.57-12.60 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.60

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
C=

(36 ksi) + (18 ksi)


= 27 ksi
2

R = (9 ksi) 2 + (12 ksi) 2 = 15 ksi

p1 = C + R = 27 ksi + 15 ksi = 12 ksi


p 2 = C R = 27 ksi 15 ksi = 42 ksi
max = R = 15 ksi
avg = C = 27 ksi (C)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between
point x (i.e., the x face of the stress
element) and point 2 (i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
tan 2 p =

12 ksi
12 ksi
=
= 1.3333
(36 ksi) (27 ksi)
9 ksi

2 p = 53.130

thus, p = 26.57

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned counterclockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(d) Since the point in a structural member is subjected to plane stress


z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3
plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,
p 2 p3
42 ksi 0 ksi
abs max =
=
= 21 ksi
2
2

Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.61 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.61-12.64 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.61

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(60 MPa) + (90 MPa)
= 75 MPa
C=
2
R = (15 MPa) 2 + (30 MPa) 2 = 33.54 MPa

p1 = C + R = 75 MPa + 33.54 MPa = 108.54 MPa


p 2 = C R = 75 MPa 33.54 MPa = 41.46 MPa
max = R = 33.54 MPa
avg = C = 75 MPa (T)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
30 MPa
30 MPa
tan 2 p =
=
=2
2 p = 63.435
(60 MPa) (75 MPa) 15 MPa

thus, p = 31.72

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned clockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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(d) Since the point in a structural member is subjected to plane stress


z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3
plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p3 plane; therefore,
p1 p 3 108.54 MPa 0 MPa
abs max =
=
= 54.27 MPa
2
2

Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.62 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.61-12.64 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.62

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(55 MPa) + (4 MPa)
= 29.5 MPa
C=
2
R = (25.5 MPa) 2 + (28 MPa) 2 = 37.87 MPa

p1 = C + R = 29.5 MPa + 37.87 MPa = 67.37 MPa


p 2 = C R = 29.5 MPa 37.87 MPa = 8.37 MPa
max = R = 37.87 MPa
avg = C = 29.5 MPa (T)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,
the x face of the stress element) and point 2 (i.e., the
principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
tan 2 p =

28 MPa
28 MPa
=
= 1.0980
(55 MPa) (29.5 MPa) 25.5 MPa

2 p = 47.675

thus, p = 23.84

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned counterclockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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(d) Since the point in a structural member is subjected to plane stress


z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3
plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y
plane). Therefore
abs max = max = 37.87 MPa
Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.63 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.61-12.64 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.63

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
C=

(250 psi) + (500 psi)


= 375 psi
2

R = (125 psi) 2 + (200 psi) 2 = 235.8 psi

p1 = C + R = 375 psi + 235.8 psi = 139.2 psi


p 2 = C R = 375 psi 235.8 psi = 610.8 psi
max = R = 235.8 psi
avg = C = 375 psi (C)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
200 psi
200 psi
tan 2 p =
=
= 1.6
(250 psi) (375 psi) 125 psi

2 p = 57.995 thus, p = 29.00

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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(d) Since the point in a structural member is subjected to plane stress


z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3
plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,
p 2 p3
610.8 psi 0 psi
abs max =
=
= 305.4 psi
2
2

Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.64 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point.
(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15
or Fig. 12-16).
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.61-12.64 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.64

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
C=

(4.5 ksi) + (9.1 ksi)


= 6.8 ksi
2

R = (2.3 ksi) 2 + (2 ksi) 2 = 3.05 ksi

p1 = C + R = 6.8 ksi + 3.05 ksi = 9.85 ksi


p 2 = C R = 6.8 ksi 3.05 ksi = 3.75 ksi
max = R = 3.05 ksi
avg = C = 6.8 ksi (T)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is
found from:
tan 2 p =

2 ksi
2 ksi
=
= 0.8696
(4.5 ksi) (6.80 ksi) 2.3 ksi

2 p = 41.009

thus, p = 20.50

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned counterclockwise.


(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the
sketch below.

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(d) Since the point in a structural member is subjected to plane stress


z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3
plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p3 plane; therefore,
p1 p 3
9.85 ksi 0 ksi
abs max =
=
= 4.92 ksi
2
2

Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.65 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate
sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).
(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane
and show these stresses on a sketch.
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.65-12.68 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.65

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(90 MPa) + (65 MPa)
= 77.5 MPa
C=
2
R = (12.5 MPa) 2 + (42 MPa) 2 = 43.82 MPa

p1 = C + R = 77.5 MPa + 43.82 MPa = 33.68 MPa


p 2 = C R = 77.5 MPa 43.82 MPa = 121.32 MPa
max = R = 43.82 MPa
avg = C = 77.5 MPa (C)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,
the x face of the stress element) and point 2 (i.e., the
principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
tan 2 p =

42 MPa
42 MPa
=
= 3.3600
(90 MPa) (77.5 MPa) 12.5 MPa

2 p = 73.426

thus, p = 36.71

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned clockwise. The orientation of the
principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

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(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the
orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we
observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 35 counterclockwise from the x axis. In
Mohrs circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress
on the n plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(35) = 70 counterclockwise from point x. The angle
between point n and point 1 is
= 180 73.426 70 = 36.574
The coordinate of point n is found from:
n = C + R cos
= 77.5 MPa + (43.82 MPa) cos(36.574)
= 42.31 MPa = 42.31 MPa (C)

Ans.

The coordinate of point n is found from:


nt = R sin
= (43.82 MPa) sin(36.574) = 26.11 MPa
Ans.
Since point n is below the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane
surface tends to rotate the stress element counterclockwise.

(d) Since the point in a structural member is subjected to plane stress


z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3
plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,
p 2 p3
121.32 MPa 0 MPa
abs max =
=
= 60.66 MPa
2
2

Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.66 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate
sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).
(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane
and show these stresses on a sketch.
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.65-12.68 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.66

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
C=

(60 ksi) + (24 ksi)


= 42 ksi
2

R = (18 ksi) 2 + (16 ksi) 2 = 24.08 ksi

p1 = C + R = 42 ksi + 24.08 ksi = 66.08 ksi


p 2 = C R = 42 ksi 24.08 ksi = 17.92 ksi
max = R = 24.08 ksi
avg = C = 42 ksi (T)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 1
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p1) is
found from:
16 ksi
16 ksi
tan 2 p =
=
= 0.8889
(60 ksi) (42 ksi) 18 ksi

2 p = 41.634

thus, p = 20.82

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned counterclockwise. The orientation of the
principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the
orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we
observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 56.31 clockwise from the x axis. In Mohrs
circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress on the n
plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(56.31) = 112.62 clockwise from point x. The angle between
point n and point 2 is
= 180 41.634 112.62 = 25.746
The coordinate of point n is found from:
n = C R cos
= 42 ksi (24.08 ksi) cos(25.746) = 20.31 ksi (T)

Ans.

The coordinate of point n is found from:


nt = R sin
= (24.08 ksi) sin(25.746) = 10.46 ksi
Ans.
Since point n is below the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress
element counterclockwise.

(d) Since the point in a structural


member is subjected to plane stress
z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be
constructed
to
show
stress
combinations in the p1p2 plane,
the p1p3 plane, and the p2p3
plane. These three circles are
shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p3 plane; therefore,
p1 p 3
66.08 ksi 0 ksi
abs max =
=
= 33.04 ksi
2
2

Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

12.67 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate
sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).
(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane
and show these stresses on a sketch.
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.65-12.68 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.67

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(105 MPa) + (45 MPa)
= 75 MPa
C=
2
R = (30 MPa)2 + (35 MPa) 2 = 46.10 MPa

p1 = C + R = 75 MPa + 46.10 MPa = 121.10 MPa


p 2 = C R = 75 MPa 46.10 MPa = 28.90 MPa
max = R = 46.10 MPa
avg = C = 75 MPa (T)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 1
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p1) is found from:
tan 2 p =

35 MPa
35 MPa
=
= 1.1667
(105 MPa) (75 MPa) 30 MPa

2 p = 49.399

thus, p = 24.70

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise. The orientation of the
principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the
orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we
observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 40 clockwise from the x axis. In Mohrs
circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress on the n
plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(40) = 80 clockwise from point x. The angle between point n and
point 2 is
= 180 49.399 80 = 50.601
The coordinate of point n is found from:
n = C R cos
= 75 MPa (46.10 MPa) cos(50.601) = 45.74 MPa (T)

Ans.

The coordinate of point n is found from:


nt = R sin
= (46.10 MPa) sin(50.601) = 35.62 MPa
Ans.
Since point n is above the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane
surface tends to rotate the stress element clockwise.

(d)
Since the point in a
structural member is subjected
to plane stress
z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be
constructed to show stress
combinations in the p1p2
plane, the p1p3 plane, and
the p2p3 plane. These three
circles are shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,
p 2 p3
121.10 MPa 0 MPa
abs max =
=
= 60.55 MPa
2
2

Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.68 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate
sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).
(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane
and show these stresses on a sketch.
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.65-12.68 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.68

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(54 MPa) + (28 MPa)
= 41 MPa
C=
2
R = (13 MPa) 2 + (15 MPa) 2 = 19.85 MPa

p1 = C + R = 41 MPa + 19.85 MPa = 21.15 MPa


p 2 = C R = 41 MPa 19.85 MPa = 60.85 MPa
max = R = 19.85 MPa
avg = C = 41 MPa (C)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x
(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2
(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
tan 2 p =

15 MPa
15 MPa
=
= 1.1538 2 p = 49.086
(54 MPa) (41 MPa) 13 MPa

thus, p = 24.54

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned counterclockwise. The orientation of the
principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the
orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we
observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 36.87 counterclockwise from the x axis. In
Mohrs circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress
on the n plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(36.87) = 73.74 counterclockwise from point x. The
angle between point n and point 2 is
= 73.74 49.086 = 24.654
The coordinate of point n is found from:
n = C R cos
= 41 MPa (19.85 MPa) cos(24.654) = 59.04 MPa (C)

Ans.

The coordinate of point n is found from:


nt = R sin
= (19.85 MPa)sin(24.654) = 8.28 MPa
Ans.
Since point n is below the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress
element counterclockwise.

(d) Since the point in a structural


member is subjected to plane
stress
z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be
constructed to show stress
combinations in the p1p2
plane, the p1p3 plane, and the
p2p3 plane.
These three
circles are shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,
p 2 p3
60.85 MPa 0 MPa
abs max =
=
= 30.43 MPa
2
2

Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
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12.69 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate
sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).
(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane
and show these stresses on a sketch.
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.69-12.72 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.69

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(60 MPa) + (100 MPa)
= 20 MPa
C=
2
R = (80 MPa) 2 + (80 MPa) 2 = 113.14 MPa

p1 = C + R = 20 MPa + 113.14 MPa = 133.14 MPa


p 2 = C R = 20 MPa 113.14 MPa = 93.14 MPa
max = R = 113.14 MPa
avg = C = 20 MPa (T)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,
the x face of the stress element) and point 2 (i.e., the
principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
tan 2 p =

80 MPa
80 MPa
=
= 1.0
(60 MPa) (20 MPa) 80 MPa

2 p = 45

thus, p = 22.5

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned counterclockwise. The orientation of the
principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the
orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we
observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 30 clockwise from the x axis. In Mohrs
circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress on the n
plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(30) = 60 clockwise from point x. The angle between point n and
point 1 is
= 180 45 60 = 75
The coordinate of point n is found from:
n = C + R cos
= 20 MPa + (113.14 MPa) cos(75) = 49.28 MPa (T)

Ans.

The coordinate of point n is found from:


nt = R sin
= (113.14 MPa)sin(75) = 109.28 MPa
Ans.
Since point n is above the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress
element clockwise.

(d) Since the point in a structural


member is subjected to plane stress
z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be
constructed
to
show
stress
combinations in the p1p2 plane,
the p1p3 plane, and the p2p3
plane. These three circles are
shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y
plane). Therefore
abs max = max = 113.14 MPa
Ans.

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only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond
that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

12.70 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate
sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).
(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane
and show these stresses on a sketch.
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.69-12.72 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.70

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(100 MPa) + (0 MPa)
= 50 MPa
C=
2
R = (50 MPa) 2 + (210 MPa) 2 = 215.87 MPa

p1 = C + R = 50 MPa + 215.87 MPa = 265.87 MPa


p 2 = C R = 50 MPa 215.87 MPa = 165.87 MPa
max = R = 215.87 MPa
avg = C = 50 MPa (T)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,
the x face of the stress element) and point 1 (i.e., the
principal plane subjected to p1) is found from:
tan 2 p =

210 MPa
210 MPa
=
= 4.2
(100 MPa) (50 MPa)
50 MPa

2 p = 76.608

thus, p = 38.30

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise. The orientation of the
principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

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(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the
orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we
observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 21.80 counterclockwise from the x axis. In
Mohrs circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress
on the n plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(21.80) = 43.60 counterclockwise from point x. The
angle between point n and point 2 is
= 180 76.608 43.60 = 59.792
The coordinate of point n is found from:
n = C R cos
= 50 MPa (215.87 MPa) cos(59.792) = 58.61 MPa (C)

Ans.

The coordinate of point n is found from:


nt = R sin
= (215.87 MPa) sin(59.792) = 186.56 MPa
Ans.
Since point n is above the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress
element clockwise.

(d)
Since the point in a
structural member is subjected
to plane stress
z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be
constructed to show stress
combinations in the p1p2
plane, the p1p3 plane, and
the p2p3 plane. These three
circles are shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y
plane). Therefore
abs max = max = 215.87 MPa
Ans.
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12.71 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane
shear stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an
appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).
(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane
and show these stresses on a sketch.
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.69-12.72 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.71

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(120 MPa) + (40 MPa)
= 80 MPa
C=
2
R = (40 MPa) 2 + (180 MPa) 2 = 184.39 MPa

p1 = C + R = 80 MPa + 184.39 MPa = 264.39 MPa


p 2 = C R = 80 MPa 184.39 MPa = 104.39 MPa
max = R = 184.39 MPa
avg = C = 80 MPa (T)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,
the x face of the stress element) and point 2 (i.e., the
principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
tan 2 p =

180 MPa
180 MPa
=
= 4.5
(120 MPa) (80 MPa)
40 MPa

2 p = 77.471

thus, p = 38.74

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned counterclockwise. The orientation of the
principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

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(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the
orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we
observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 30.96 clockwise from the x axis. In Mohrs
circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress on the n
plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(30.96) = 61.93 clockwise from point x. The angle between point
n and point 2 is
= 180 77.471 61.93 = 40.599
The coordinate of point n is found from:
n = C R cos
= 80 MPa (184.39 MPa) cos(40.599) = 60.00 MPa (C)

Ans.

The coordinate of point n is found from:


nt = R sin
= (184.39 MPa)sin(40.599) = 119.99 MPa
Ans.
Since point n is below the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress
element counterclockwise.

(d) Since the point in a structural


member is subjected to plane stress
z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be
constructed
to
show
stress
combinations in the p1p2 plane,
the p1p3 plane, and the p2p3
plane. These three circles are
shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y
plane). Therefore
abs max = max = 184.39 MPa
Ans.
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12.72 Consider a point in a structural member that is subjected to


plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and
vertical planes at the point are shown.
(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.
(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear
stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate
sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).
(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane
and show these stresses on a sketch.
(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.
Instructors: Problems 12.69-12.72 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.72

Solution
(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.
(25 MPa) + (100 MPa)
= 62.5 MPa
C=
2
R = (37.5 MPa)2 + (140 MPa) 2 = 144.94 MPa

p1 = C + R = 62.5 MPa + 144.94 MPa = 207.44 MPa


p 2 = C R = 62.5 MPa 144.94 MPa = 82.44 MPa
max = R = 144.94 MPa
avg = C = 62.5 MPa (T)
The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,
the x face of the stress element) and point 2 (i.e., the
principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:
tan 2 p =

140 MPa
140 MPa
=
= 3.7333
(25 MPa) (62.5 MPa) 37.5 MPa

2 p = 75.00

thus, p = 37.50

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned clockwise. The orientation of the
principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

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(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the
orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we
observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 50 clockwise from the x axis. In Mohrs
circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress on the n
plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(50) = 100 clockwise from point x. The angle between point n
and point 2 is
= 100 75 = 25
The coordinate of point n is found from:
n = C R cos
= 62.5 MPa (144.94 MPa) cos(25) = 68.86 MPa (C)

Ans.

The coordinate of point n is found from:


nt = R sin
= (144.94 MPa) sin(25) = 61.25 MPa
Ans.
Since point n is above the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress
element clockwise.

(d) Since the point in a structural


member is subjected to plane stress
z = p3 = 0
Three Mohrs circles can be
constructed
to
show
stress
combinations in the p1p2 plane,
the p1p3 plane, and the p2p3
plane. These three circles are shown
below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y
plane). Therefore
abs max = max = 144.94 MPa
Ans.

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12.73 At a point in a stressed body, the principal


stresses are oriented as shown in Fig. P12.73. Use
Mohrs circle to determine:
(a) the stresses on plane a-a.
(b) the stresses on the horizontal and vertical
planes at the point.
(c) the absolute maximum shear stress at the
point.

Fig. P12.73

Solution
The center of Mohrs circle can be found from the two principal stresses:
+ p 2 (3 ksi) + (20 ksi)
=
= 11.5 ksi
C = p1
2
2
The radius of the circle is
p1 p 2 (3 ksi) (20 ksi)
R=
=
= 8.5 ksi
2
2
(a) The stresses on plane a-a are found by rotating 270 counterclockwise from the p2 point on
Mohrs circle. Therefore, the point at the top of the circle directly above the center corresponds to the
state of stress on plane a-a.
a a = C = 11.5 ksi = 11.5 ksi (C)
Ans.

a a = R = 8.5 ksi

(shear stress rotates the wedge element clockwise)

Ans.

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(b) The angle p shown on the problem statement sketch is


1
p = tan 1 (8 /15) = 14.0362
2
The p2 principal plane is rotated 14.0362 clockwise from the x face of the stress element. We need
to find the point on Mohrs circle that corresponds to the x face of the stress element. Since we know
the location of p2 on Mohrs circle, we can begin there and rotate 2p in the opposite direction to find
point x. Therefore, beginning at point p2, rotate 2(14.0362) = 28.0724 counterclockwise to locate
point x. The coordinate of point x is found from:
x = C R cos(2 p )
= 11.5 ksi (8.5 ksi) cos(28.0724) = 19.00 ksi (C)

Ans.

The coordinate of point x is found from:


nt = R sin(2 p )
= (8.5 ksi) sin(28.0724) = 4.00 ksi
(rotates element counterclockwise)
Similarly, the coordinate of point y is found from:
x = C + R cos(2 p )
= 11.5 ksi + (8.5 ksi) cos(28.0724) = 4.00 ksi (C)

Ans.

Ans.

The coordinate of point y is also 4.00 ksi, and the shear stress on the y face rotates the stress element
clockwise.
The stresses on the vertical and horizontal faces of the stress element are shown below.

(c) Since both p1 and p2 are negative, the absolute maximum shear stress will be larger than the
maximum in-plane shear stress. The radius of the largest Mohrs circle gives the absolute maximum
shear stress. In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,
p 2 p 3 20 ksi 0 ksi
=
= 10.00 ksi
Ans.
abs max =
2
2

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12.74 At a point in a stressed body, the principal


stresses are oriented as shown in Fig. P12.74. Use
Mohrs circle to determine:
(a) the stresses on plane a-a.
(b) the stresses on the horizontal and vertical
planes at the point.
(c) the absolute maximum shear stress at the
point.

Fig. P12.74

Solution
The center of Mohrs circle can be found from the two principal stresses:
+ p 2 (200 MPa) + (50 MPa)
=
= 125 MPa
C = p1
2
2
The radius of the circle is
p1 p 2 (200 MPa) (50 MPa)
=
= 75 MPa
R=
2
2
(a) The stresses on plane a-a are found by rotating 270 counterclockwise from the p1 point on
Mohrs circle. Therefore, the point at the bottom of the circle directly underneath the center
corresponds to the state of stress on plane a-a.
a a = C = 125 MPa = 125 MPa (T)
Ans.

a a = R = 75 MPa

(shear stress rotates the wedge element counterclockwise)

Ans.

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(b) The angle p shown on the problem statement sketch is


1
p = tan 1 (3 / 4) = 18.435
2
The p1 principal plane is rotated 18.435 counterclockwise from the x face of the stress element. We
need to find the point on Mohrs circle that corresponds to the x face of the stress element. Since we
know the location of p1 on Mohrs circle, we can begin there and rotate 2p in the opposite direction
to find point x. Therefore, beginning at point p1, rotate 2(18.435) = 36.87 clockwise to locate point
x. The coordinate of point x is found from:
x = C + R cos(2 p )
= 125 MPa + (75 MPa) cos(36.87) = 185.0 MPa (T)

Ans.

The coordinate of point x is found from:


nt = R sin(2 p )
= (75 MPa) sin(36.87) = 45.0 MPa
(rotates element counterclockwise)
Similarly, the coordinate of point y is found from:
x = C R cos(2 p )
= 125 MPa (75 MPa) cos(36.87) = 65.0 MPa (T)

Ans.

Ans.

The coordinate of point y is also 65.0 MPa, and the shear stress on the y face rotates the stress
element clockwise.
The stresses on the vertical and horizontal faces of the stress element are shown below.

(c) Since both p1 and p2 are positive, the absolute maximum shear stress will be larger than the
maximum in-plane shear stress. The radius of the largest Mohrs circle gives the absolute maximum
shear stress. In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p3 plane; therefore,
p 3 200 MPa 0 MPa
abs max = p1
=
= 100.0 MPa
Ans.
2
2

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