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physical object that is subjected to plane stress.

(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show

them on a stress element.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the

maximum in-plane shear stress acting at the point

and show these stresses on an appropriate sketch

(e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.47

Solution

x = (35 ksi, 20 ksi)

y = (5 ksi, 20 ksi)

C = 20 ksi

R = (15 ksi) 2 + (20 ksi) 2 = 25 ksi

p 2 = C R = 20 ksi 25 ksi = 5 ksi

max = R = 25 ksi

avg = C = 20 ksi

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and p1 is found

from:

20 ksi

20 ksi

=

= 1.3333

2 p = 53.13

tan 2 p =

thus, p = 26.57

(35 ksi) (20 ksi) 15 ksi

By inspection, the angle p from point x to p1 is turned clockwise.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

physical object that is subjected to plane stress.

(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show

them on a stress element.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the

maximum in-plane shear stress acting at the point

and show these stresses on an appropriate sketch

(e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.48

Solution

x = (90 ksi, 60 ksi)

y = (30 ksi, 60 ksi)

C = 60 ksi

R = (30 ksi) 2 + (60 ksi) 2 = 67.08 ksi

p 2 = C R = 60 ksi 67.08 ksi = 7.08 ksi

max = R = 67.08 ksi

avg = C = 60 ksi

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and p1 is found

from:

60 ksi

60 ksi

=

= 2 2 p = 63.43

tan 2 p =

thus, p = 31.72

(90 ksi) (60 ksi) 30 ksi

By inspection, the angle p from point x to p1 is turned counterclockwise.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

physical object that is subjected to plane stress.

(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show

them on a stress element.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the

maximum in-plane shear stress acting at the point

and show these stresses on an appropriate sketch

(e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.49

Solution

x = (100 MPa, 30 MPa)

y = (20 MPa, 30 MPa)

C = 40 MPa

R = (60 MPa) 2 + (30 MPa)2 = 67.08 MPa

p 2 = C R = 40 MPa 67.08 MPa = 107.08 MPa

max = R = 67.08 MPa

avg = C = 60 MPa

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and p2 is found

from:

30 MPa

30 MPa

=

= 0.5 2 p = 26.57 thus, p = 13.28

tan 2 p =

(100 MPa) (40 MPa) 60 MPa

By inspection, the angle p from point x to p2 is turned clockwise.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

physical object that is subjected to plane stress.

(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show

them on a stress element.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the

maximum in-plane shear stress acting at the point

and show these stresses on an appropriate sketch

(e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.50

Solution

x = (55 MPa, 25 MPa)

y = (15 MPa, 25 MPa)

C = 20 MPa

R = (35 MPa) 2 + (25 MPa) 2 = 43.01 MPa

p 2 = C R = 20 MPa 43.01 MPa = 63.01 MPa

max = R = 43.01 MPa

avg = C = 20 MPa (C)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and p2 is found

from:

25 MPa

25 MPa

=

= 0.7143

2 p = 35.54

tan 2 p =

thus, p = 17.77

(55 MPa) (20 MPa) 35 MPa

By inspection, the angle p from point x to p2 is turned counterclockwise.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

physical object that is subjected to plane stress.

(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show

them on a stress element.

(b) Determine the stresses n, t, and nt and show

them on a stress element that is properly rotated

with respect to the x-y element. The sketch must

include the magnitude of the angle between the x

and n axes and an indication of the rotation direction

(i.e., either clockwise or counterclockwise).

Fig. P12.51

Solution

x = (60 MPa, 15 MPa)

n = (10 MPa, 30 MPa)

t = (50 MPa, 30 MPa)

C = 20 MPa

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 1 is

found from:

15 MPa

15 MPa

=

= 0.3750

2 p = 20.6

tan 2 p =

(60 MPa) (20 MPa) 40 MPa

The magnitude of the angle between point n and point 2 is found from:

30 MPa

30 MPa

=

=1

= 45

tan =

(10 MPa) (20 MPa) 30 MPa

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

= 180 20.6 45 = 114.4

Since angles in Mohrs circle are doubled, the actual angle between the x face and the n face is half of

this magnitude: 57.2. By inspection, the 57.2 angle from point x to point n is turned in a

counterclockwise direction. The correct stresses on the n and t faces are shown in the sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

physical object that is subjected to plane stress.

(a) Determine the stresses x, y, and xy and show

them on a stress element.

(b) Determine the stresses n, t, and nt and show

them on a stress element that is properly rotated

with respect to the x-y element. The sketch must

include the magnitude of the angle between the x

and n axes and an indication of the rotation direction

(i.e., either clockwise or counterclockwise).

Fig. P12.52

Solution

x = (10 ksi, 30 ksi)

n = (65 ksi, 10 ksi)

t = (5 ksi, 10 ksi)

C = 30 ksi

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2 is

found from:

30 ksi

30 ksi

tan 2 p =

=

= 1.5

2 p = 56.3

(10 ksi) (30 ksi) 20 ksi

The magnitude of the angle between point n and point 1 is found from:

10 ksi

10 ksi

tan =

=

= 0.2857

= 15.9

(65 ksi) (30 ksi) 35 ksi

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

= 180 56.3 15.9 = 107.8

Since angles in Mohrs circle are doubled, the actual angle between the x face and the n face is half of

this magnitude: 53.9. By inspection, the 53.9 angle from point x to point n is turned in a clockwise

direction. The correct stresses on the n and t faces are shown in the sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point using Mohrs circle.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.53

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(15 ksi) + (5 ksi)

= 5 ksi

C=

2

R = (10 ksi) 2 + (12.5 ksi) 2 = 16.01 ksi

p 2 = C R = 5 ksi 16.01 ksi = 21.01 ksi

max = R = 16.01 ksi

avg = C = 5 ksi

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

tan 2 p =

12.5 ksi

12.5 ksi

=

= 1.25

(15 ksi) (5 ksi)

10 ksi

2 p = 51.340

thus, p = 25.67

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point using Mohrs circle.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.54

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(28 MPa) + (50 MPa)

= 11 MPa

C=

2

R = (39 MPa) 2 + (44 MPa) 2 = 58.80 MPa

p 2 = C R = 11 MPa 58.80 MPa = 69.80 MPa

max = R = 58.80 MPa

avg = C = 11 MPa

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,

the x face of the stress element) and point 1 (i.e., the

principal plane subjected to p1) is found from:

tan 2 p =

44 MPa

44 MPa

=

= 1.1282

(28 MPa) (11 MPa) 39 MPa

2 p = 48.447

thus, p = 24.22

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point using Mohrs circle.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.55

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

C=

= 6.5 ksi

2

p 2 = C R = 6.5 ksi 12.42 ksi = 5.92 ksi

max = R = 16.01 ksi

avg = C = 6.5 ksi

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 1

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p1) is found

from:

8 ksi

8 ksi

tan 2 p =

=

= 0.8421

(16 ksi) (6.5 ksi) 9.5 ksi

2 p = 40.101

thus, p = 20.05

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point using Mohrs circle.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

Fig. P12.56

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

C=

= 9.0 ksi

2

p 2 = C R = 9.0 ksi 27.66 ksi = 18.66 ksi

max = R = 27.66 ksi

avg = C = 9.0 ksi

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found

from:

18 ksi

18 ksi

tan 2 p =

=

= 0.8571

(12 ksi) (9 ksi) 21 ksi

2 p = 40.601

thus, p = 20.30

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.57-12.60 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.57

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle construction is shown.

C=

= 12 ksi

2

p 2 = C R = 12 ksi 30.59 ksi = 18.59 ksi

max = R = 30.59 ksi

avg = C = 12 ksi

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

30 ksi

30 ksi

tan 2 p =

=

=5

2 p = 78.690

(6 ksi) (12 ksi)

6 ksi

thus, p = 39.35

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3

plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y

plane). Therefore

abs max = max = 30.59 ksi

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.57-12.60 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.58

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(35 MPa) + (65 MPa)

= 50 MPa

C=

2

R = (15 MPa) 2 + (24 MPa) 2 = 28.30 MPa

p 2 = C R = 50 MPa 28.30 MPa = 78.30 MPa

max = R = 28.30 MPa

avg = C = 50 MPa (C)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 1

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p1) is found from:

tan 2 p =

24 MPa

24 MPa

=

= 1.6

(35 MPa) (50 MPa) 15 MPa

2 p = 57.995

thus, p = 29.00

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3

plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane. Therefore

p 2 p3

78.30 MPa 0 MPa

abs max =

=

= 39.15 MPa

2

2

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.57-12.60 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.59

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(0 MPa) + (45 MPa)

= 22.5 MPa

C=

2

R = (22.5 MPa) 2 + (25 MPa) 2 = 33.63 MPa

p 2 = C R = 22.5 MPa 33.63 MPa = 56.13 MPa

max = R = 33.63 MPa

avg = C = 22.5 MPa (C)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,

the x face of the stress element) and point 1 (i.e., the

principal plane subjected to p1) is found from:

tan 2 p =

25 MPa

25 MPa

=

= 1.1111

(0 MPa) (22.5 MPa) 22.5 MPa

2 p = 48.013

thus, p = 24.01

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3

plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y

plane). Therefore

abs max = max = 33.63 MPa

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.57-12.60 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.60

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

C=

= 27 ksi

2

p 2 = C R = 27 ksi 15 ksi = 42 ksi

max = R = 15 ksi

avg = C = 27 ksi (C)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between

point x (i.e., the x face of the stress

element) and point 2 (i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

tan 2 p =

12 ksi

12 ksi

=

= 1.3333

(36 ksi) (27 ksi)

9 ksi

2 p = 53.130

thus, p = 26.57

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3

plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,

p 2 p3

42 ksi 0 ksi

abs max =

=

= 21 ksi

2

2

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.61-12.64 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.61

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(60 MPa) + (90 MPa)

= 75 MPa

C=

2

R = (15 MPa) 2 + (30 MPa) 2 = 33.54 MPa

p 2 = C R = 75 MPa 33.54 MPa = 41.46 MPa

max = R = 33.54 MPa

avg = C = 75 MPa (T)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

30 MPa

30 MPa

tan 2 p =

=

=2

2 p = 63.435

(60 MPa) (75 MPa) 15 MPa

thus, p = 31.72

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3

plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p3 plane; therefore,

p1 p 3 108.54 MPa 0 MPa

abs max =

=

= 54.27 MPa

2

2

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.61-12.64 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.62

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(55 MPa) + (4 MPa)

= 29.5 MPa

C=

2

R = (25.5 MPa) 2 + (28 MPa) 2 = 37.87 MPa

p 2 = C R = 29.5 MPa 37.87 MPa = 8.37 MPa

max = R = 37.87 MPa

avg = C = 29.5 MPa (T)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,

the x face of the stress element) and point 2 (i.e., the

principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

tan 2 p =

28 MPa

28 MPa

=

= 1.0980

(55 MPa) (29.5 MPa) 25.5 MPa

2 p = 47.675

thus, p = 23.84

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3

plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y

plane). Therefore

abs max = max = 37.87 MPa

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.61-12.64 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.63

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

C=

= 375 psi

2

p 2 = C R = 375 psi 235.8 psi = 610.8 psi

max = R = 235.8 psi

avg = C = 375 psi (C)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

200 psi

200 psi

tan 2 p =

=

= 1.6

(250 psi) (375 psi) 125 psi

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3

plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,

p 2 p3

610.8 psi 0 psi

abs max =

=

= 305.4 psi

2

2

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point.

(c) Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15

or Fig. 12-16).

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.61-12.64 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.64

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

C=

= 6.8 ksi

2

p 2 = C R = 6.8 ksi 3.05 ksi = 3.75 ksi

max = R = 3.05 ksi

avg = C = 6.8 ksi (T)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is

found from:

tan 2 p =

2 ksi

2 ksi

=

= 0.8696

(4.5 ksi) (6.80 ksi) 2.3 ksi

2 p = 41.009

thus, p = 20.50

(c) The orientation of the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the

sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3

plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p3 plane; therefore,

p1 p 3

9.85 ksi 0 ksi

abs max =

=

= 4.92 ksi

2

2

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate

sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane

and show these stresses on a sketch.

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.65-12.68 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.65

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(90 MPa) + (65 MPa)

= 77.5 MPa

C=

2

R = (12.5 MPa) 2 + (42 MPa) 2 = 43.82 MPa

p 2 = C R = 77.5 MPa 43.82 MPa = 121.32 MPa

max = R = 43.82 MPa

avg = C = 77.5 MPa (C)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,

the x face of the stress element) and point 2 (i.e., the

principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

tan 2 p =

42 MPa

42 MPa

=

= 3.3600

(90 MPa) (77.5 MPa) 12.5 MPa

2 p = 73.426

thus, p = 36.71

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned clockwise. The orientation of the

principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the

orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we

observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 35 counterclockwise from the x axis. In

Mohrs circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress

on the n plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(35) = 70 counterclockwise from point x. The angle

between point n and point 1 is

= 180 73.426 70 = 36.574

The coordinate of point n is found from:

n = C + R cos

= 77.5 MPa + (43.82 MPa) cos(36.574)

= 42.31 MPa = 42.31 MPa (C)

Ans.

nt = R sin

= (43.82 MPa) sin(36.574) = 26.11 MPa

Ans.

Since point n is below the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane

surface tends to rotate the stress element counterclockwise.

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be constructed to show stress combinations in the p1p2 plane, the p1p3

plane, and the p2p3 plane. These three circles are shown below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,

p 2 p3

121.32 MPa 0 MPa

abs max =

=

= 60.66 MPa

2

2

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate

sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane

and show these stresses on a sketch.

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.65-12.68 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.66

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

C=

= 42 ksi

2

p 2 = C R = 42 ksi 24.08 ksi = 17.92 ksi

max = R = 24.08 ksi

avg = C = 42 ksi (T)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 1

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p1) is

found from:

16 ksi

16 ksi

tan 2 p =

=

= 0.8889

(60 ksi) (42 ksi) 18 ksi

2 p = 41.634

thus, p = 20.82

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned counterclockwise. The orientation of the

principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the

orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we

observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 56.31 clockwise from the x axis. In Mohrs

circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress on the n

plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(56.31) = 112.62 clockwise from point x. The angle between

point n and point 2 is

= 180 41.634 112.62 = 25.746

The coordinate of point n is found from:

n = C R cos

= 42 ksi (24.08 ksi) cos(25.746) = 20.31 ksi (T)

Ans.

nt = R sin

= (24.08 ksi) sin(25.746) = 10.46 ksi

Ans.

Since point n is below the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress

element counterclockwise.

member is subjected to plane stress

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be

constructed

to

show

stress

combinations in the p1p2 plane,

the p1p3 plane, and the p2p3

plane. These three circles are

shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p3 plane; therefore,

p1 p 3

66.08 ksi 0 ksi

abs max =

=

= 33.04 ksi

2

2

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate

sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane

and show these stresses on a sketch.

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.65-12.68 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.67

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(105 MPa) + (45 MPa)

= 75 MPa

C=

2

R = (30 MPa)2 + (35 MPa) 2 = 46.10 MPa

p 2 = C R = 75 MPa 46.10 MPa = 28.90 MPa

max = R = 46.10 MPa

avg = C = 75 MPa (T)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 1

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p1) is found from:

tan 2 p =

35 MPa

35 MPa

=

= 1.1667

(105 MPa) (75 MPa) 30 MPa

2 p = 49.399

thus, p = 24.70

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise. The orientation of the

principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the

orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we

observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 40 clockwise from the x axis. In Mohrs

circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress on the n

plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(40) = 80 clockwise from point x. The angle between point n and

point 2 is

= 180 49.399 80 = 50.601

The coordinate of point n is found from:

n = C R cos

= 75 MPa (46.10 MPa) cos(50.601) = 45.74 MPa (T)

Ans.

nt = R sin

= (46.10 MPa) sin(50.601) = 35.62 MPa

Ans.

Since point n is above the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane

surface tends to rotate the stress element clockwise.

(d)

Since the point in a

structural member is subjected

to plane stress

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be

constructed to show stress

combinations in the p1p2

plane, the p1p3 plane, and

the p2p3 plane. These three

circles are shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,

p 2 p3

121.10 MPa 0 MPa

abs max =

=

= 60.55 MPa

2

2

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate

sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane

and show these stresses on a sketch.

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.65-12.68 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.68

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(54 MPa) + (28 MPa)

= 41 MPa

C=

2

R = (13 MPa) 2 + (15 MPa) 2 = 19.85 MPa

p 2 = C R = 41 MPa 19.85 MPa = 60.85 MPa

max = R = 19.85 MPa

avg = C = 41 MPa (C)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x

(i.e., the x face of the stress element) and point 2

(i.e., the principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

tan 2 p =

15 MPa

15 MPa

=

= 1.1538 2 p = 49.086

(54 MPa) (41 MPa) 13 MPa

thus, p = 24.54

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned counterclockwise. The orientation of the

principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the

orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we

observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 36.87 counterclockwise from the x axis. In

Mohrs circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress

on the n plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(36.87) = 73.74 counterclockwise from point x. The

angle between point n and point 2 is

= 73.74 49.086 = 24.654

The coordinate of point n is found from:

n = C R cos

= 41 MPa (19.85 MPa) cos(24.654) = 59.04 MPa (C)

Ans.

nt = R sin

= (19.85 MPa)sin(24.654) = 8.28 MPa

Ans.

Since point n is below the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress

element counterclockwise.

member is subjected to plane

stress

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be

constructed to show stress

combinations in the p1p2

plane, the p1p3 plane, and the

p2p3 plane.

These three

circles are shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,

p 2 p3

60.85 MPa 0 MPa

abs max =

=

= 30.43 MPa

2

2

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate

sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane

and show these stresses on a sketch.

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.69-12.72 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.69

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(60 MPa) + (100 MPa)

= 20 MPa

C=

2

R = (80 MPa) 2 + (80 MPa) 2 = 113.14 MPa

p 2 = C R = 20 MPa 113.14 MPa = 93.14 MPa

max = R = 113.14 MPa

avg = C = 20 MPa (T)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,

the x face of the stress element) and point 2 (i.e., the

principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

tan 2 p =

80 MPa

80 MPa

=

= 1.0

(60 MPa) (20 MPa) 80 MPa

2 p = 45

thus, p = 22.5

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned counterclockwise. The orientation of the

principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the

orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we

observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 30 clockwise from the x axis. In Mohrs

circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress on the n

plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(30) = 60 clockwise from point x. The angle between point n and

point 1 is

= 180 45 60 = 75

The coordinate of point n is found from:

n = C + R cos

= 20 MPa + (113.14 MPa) cos(75) = 49.28 MPa (T)

Ans.

nt = R sin

= (113.14 MPa)sin(75) = 109.28 MPa

Ans.

Since point n is above the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress

element clockwise.

member is subjected to plane stress

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be

constructed

to

show

stress

combinations in the p1p2 plane,

the p1p3 plane, and the p2p3

plane. These three circles are

shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y

plane). Therefore

abs max = max = 113.14 MPa

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate

sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane

and show these stresses on a sketch.

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.69-12.72 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.70

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(100 MPa) + (0 MPa)

= 50 MPa

C=

2

R = (50 MPa) 2 + (210 MPa) 2 = 215.87 MPa

p 2 = C R = 50 MPa 215.87 MPa = 165.87 MPa

max = R = 215.87 MPa

avg = C = 50 MPa (T)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,

the x face of the stress element) and point 1 (i.e., the

principal plane subjected to p1) is found from:

tan 2 p =

210 MPa

210 MPa

=

= 4.2

(100 MPa) (50 MPa)

50 MPa

2 p = 76.608

thus, p = 38.30

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise. The orientation of the

principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the

orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we

observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 21.80 counterclockwise from the x axis. In

Mohrs circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress

on the n plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(21.80) = 43.60 counterclockwise from point x. The

angle between point n and point 2 is

= 180 76.608 43.60 = 59.792

The coordinate of point n is found from:

n = C R cos

= 50 MPa (215.87 MPa) cos(59.792) = 58.61 MPa (C)

Ans.

nt = R sin

= (215.87 MPa) sin(59.792) = 186.56 MPa

Ans.

Since point n is above the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress

element clockwise.

(d)

Since the point in a

structural member is subjected

to plane stress

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be

constructed to show stress

combinations in the p1p2

plane, the p1p3 plane, and

the p2p3 plane. These three

circles are shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y

plane). Therefore

abs max = max = 215.87 MPa

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane

shear stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an

appropriate sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane

and show these stresses on a sketch.

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.69-12.72 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.71

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(120 MPa) + (40 MPa)

= 80 MPa

C=

2

R = (40 MPa) 2 + (180 MPa) 2 = 184.39 MPa

p 2 = C R = 80 MPa 184.39 MPa = 104.39 MPa

max = R = 184.39 MPa

avg = C = 80 MPa (T)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,

the x face of the stress element) and point 2 (i.e., the

principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

tan 2 p =

180 MPa

180 MPa

=

= 4.5

(120 MPa) (80 MPa)

40 MPa

2 p = 77.471

thus, p = 38.74

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned counterclockwise. The orientation of the

principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the

orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we

observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 30.96 clockwise from the x axis. In Mohrs

circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress on the n

plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(30.96) = 61.93 clockwise from point x. The angle between point

n and point 2 is

= 180 77.471 61.93 = 40.599

The coordinate of point n is found from:

n = C R cos

= 80 MPa (184.39 MPa) cos(40.599) = 60.00 MPa (C)

Ans.

nt = R sin

= (184.39 MPa)sin(40.599) = 119.99 MPa

Ans.

Since point n is below the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress

element counterclockwise.

member is subjected to plane stress

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be

constructed

to

show

stress

combinations in the p1p2 plane,

the p1p3 plane, and the p2p3

plane. These three circles are

shown on the right.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y

plane). Therefore

abs max = max = 184.39 MPa

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

plane stress. Normal and shear stresses acting on horizontal and

vertical planes at the point are shown.

(a) Draw Mohrs circle for this state of stress.

(b) Determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear

stress acting at the point. Show these stresses on an appropriate

sketch (e.g., see Fig. 12-15 or Fig. 12-16).

(c) Determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane

and show these stresses on a sketch.

(d) Determine the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.

Instructors: Problems 12.69-12.72 should be assigned as a set.

Fig. P12.72

Solution

(b) The basic Mohrs circle is shown.

(25 MPa) + (100 MPa)

= 62.5 MPa

C=

2

R = (37.5 MPa)2 + (140 MPa) 2 = 144.94 MPa

p 2 = C R = 62.5 MPa 144.94 MPa = 82.44 MPa

max = R = 144.94 MPa

avg = C = 62.5 MPa (T)

The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x (i.e.,

the x face of the stress element) and point 2 (i.e., the

principal plane subjected to p2) is found from:

tan 2 p =

140 MPa

140 MPa

=

= 3.7333

(25 MPa) (62.5 MPa) 37.5 MPa

2 p = 75.00

thus, p = 37.50

By inspection, the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned clockwise. The orientation of the

principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress is shown on the sketch below.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(c) To determine the normal and shear stresses on the indicated plane, we must first determine the

orientation of the plane relative to the x face of the stress element. Looking at the stress element, we

observe that the normal to the indicated plane is oriented 50 clockwise from the x axis. In Mohrs

circle, all angle measures are doubled; therefore, point n (which represents the state of stress on the n

plane) on Mohrs circle is rotated 2(50) = 100 clockwise from point x. The angle between point n

and point 2 is

= 100 75 = 25

The coordinate of point n is found from:

n = C R cos

= 62.5 MPa (144.94 MPa) cos(25) = 68.86 MPa (C)

Ans.

nt = R sin

= (144.94 MPa) sin(25) = 61.25 MPa

Ans.

Since point n is above the axis, the shear stress acting on the plane surface tends to rotate the stress

element clockwise.

member is subjected to plane stress

z = p3 = 0

Three Mohrs circles can be

constructed

to

show

stress

combinations in the p1p2 plane,

the p1p3 plane, and the p2p3

plane. These three circles are shown

below.

In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p2 plane (which is also the x-y

plane). Therefore

abs max = max = 144.94 MPa

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

stresses are oriented as shown in Fig. P12.73. Use

Mohrs circle to determine:

(a) the stresses on plane a-a.

(b) the stresses on the horizontal and vertical

planes at the point.

(c) the absolute maximum shear stress at the

point.

Fig. P12.73

Solution

The center of Mohrs circle can be found from the two principal stresses:

+ p 2 (3 ksi) + (20 ksi)

=

= 11.5 ksi

C = p1

2

2

The radius of the circle is

p1 p 2 (3 ksi) (20 ksi)

R=

=

= 8.5 ksi

2

2

(a) The stresses on plane a-a are found by rotating 270 counterclockwise from the p2 point on

Mohrs circle. Therefore, the point at the top of the circle directly above the center corresponds to the

state of stress on plane a-a.

a a = C = 11.5 ksi = 11.5 ksi (C)

Ans.

a a = R = 8.5 ksi

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

1

p = tan 1 (8 /15) = 14.0362

2

The p2 principal plane is rotated 14.0362 clockwise from the x face of the stress element. We need

to find the point on Mohrs circle that corresponds to the x face of the stress element. Since we know

the location of p2 on Mohrs circle, we can begin there and rotate 2p in the opposite direction to find

point x. Therefore, beginning at point p2, rotate 2(14.0362) = 28.0724 counterclockwise to locate

point x. The coordinate of point x is found from:

x = C R cos(2 p )

= 11.5 ksi (8.5 ksi) cos(28.0724) = 19.00 ksi (C)

Ans.

nt = R sin(2 p )

= (8.5 ksi) sin(28.0724) = 4.00 ksi

(rotates element counterclockwise)

Similarly, the coordinate of point y is found from:

x = C + R cos(2 p )

= 11.5 ksi + (8.5 ksi) cos(28.0724) = 4.00 ksi (C)

Ans.

Ans.

The coordinate of point y is also 4.00 ksi, and the shear stress on the y face rotates the stress element

clockwise.

The stresses on the vertical and horizontal faces of the stress element are shown below.

(c) Since both p1 and p2 are negative, the absolute maximum shear stress will be larger than the

maximum in-plane shear stress. The radius of the largest Mohrs circle gives the absolute maximum

shear stress. In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p2p3 plane; therefore,

p 2 p 3 20 ksi 0 ksi

=

= 10.00 ksi

Ans.

abs max =

2

2

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

stresses are oriented as shown in Fig. P12.74. Use

Mohrs circle to determine:

(a) the stresses on plane a-a.

(b) the stresses on the horizontal and vertical

planes at the point.

(c) the absolute maximum shear stress at the

point.

Fig. P12.74

Solution

The center of Mohrs circle can be found from the two principal stresses:

+ p 2 (200 MPa) + (50 MPa)

=

= 125 MPa

C = p1

2

2

The radius of the circle is

p1 p 2 (200 MPa) (50 MPa)

=

= 75 MPa

R=

2

2

(a) The stresses on plane a-a are found by rotating 270 counterclockwise from the p1 point on

Mohrs circle. Therefore, the point at the bottom of the circle directly underneath the center

corresponds to the state of stress on plane a-a.

a a = C = 125 MPa = 125 MPa (T)

Ans.

a a = R = 75 MPa

Ans.

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

1

p = tan 1 (3 / 4) = 18.435

2

The p1 principal plane is rotated 18.435 counterclockwise from the x face of the stress element. We

need to find the point on Mohrs circle that corresponds to the x face of the stress element. Since we

know the location of p1 on Mohrs circle, we can begin there and rotate 2p in the opposite direction

to find point x. Therefore, beginning at point p1, rotate 2(18.435) = 36.87 clockwise to locate point

x. The coordinate of point x is found from:

x = C + R cos(2 p )

= 125 MPa + (75 MPa) cos(36.87) = 185.0 MPa (T)

Ans.

nt = R sin(2 p )

= (75 MPa) sin(36.87) = 45.0 MPa

(rotates element counterclockwise)

Similarly, the coordinate of point y is found from:

x = C R cos(2 p )

= 125 MPa (75 MPa) cos(36.87) = 65.0 MPa (T)

Ans.

Ans.

The coordinate of point y is also 65.0 MPa, and the shear stress on the y face rotates the stress

element clockwise.

The stresses on the vertical and horizontal faces of the stress element are shown below.

(c) Since both p1 and p2 are positive, the absolute maximum shear stress will be larger than the

maximum in-plane shear stress. The radius of the largest Mohrs circle gives the absolute maximum

shear stress. In this case, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs in the p1p3 plane; therefore,

p 3 200 MPa 0 MPa

abs max = p1

=

= 100.0 MPa

Ans.

2

2

only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond

that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

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