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11.

18a For the beams and loadings shown


below, assume that EI = 3.0 104 kN-m2 is
constant for each beam.
(a) For the beam in Fig. P11.18a, determine
the concentrated upward force P required to
make the total beam deflection at B equal to
zero (i.e., vB = 0).
Fig. P11.18a

Solution
Downward deflection at B due to 15 kN/m uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over portion of span.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wa 3
(4 L2 7 aL + 3a 2 )
vB =
24 LEI
Values:
w = 15 kN/m, L = 7 m, a = 3.5 m,
EI = 3.0 104 kN-m2
Computation:
wa 3
vB =
(4 L2 7 aL + 3a 2 )
24 LEI
=

(15 kN/m)(3.5 m)3


234.472656 kN-m3
4(7 m) 2 7(3.5 m)(7 m) + 3(3.5 m)2 =
EI
24(7 m)EI

Upward deflection at B due to concentrated load P.


[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
48 EI
Values:
L = 7 m, EI = 3.0 104 kN-m2
Computation:
vB =

PL3
P (7 m)3
P (7.145833 m3 )
=
=
48 EI
48 EI
EI

Compatibility equation at B:
234.472656 kN-m3 P(7.145833 m3 )

+
=0
EI
EI
234.472656 kN-m3
P =
= 32.8125 kN = 32.8 kN
7.145833 m3

Ans.

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11.18b For the beams and loadings shown


below, assume that EI = 3.0 104 kN-m2 is
constant for each beam.
(b) For the beam in Fig. P11.18b, determine
the concentrated moment M required to
make the total beam slope at A equal to zero
(i.e., A = 0).

Fig. P11.18b

Solution
Slope at A due to 32 kN concentrated load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL2
A =
(slope magnitude)
2 EI
Values:
P = 32 kN, L = 4 m, EI = 3.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

A =

PL2 (32 kN)(4 m) 2


256 kN-m 2
=
=
EI
2 EI
2 EI

(negative slope by inspection)

Slope at A due to concentrated moment M.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated moment at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
ML
(slope magnitude)
A =
EI
Values:
L = 4 m, EI = 3.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:
ML M (4 m) M (4 m)
A =
=
=
EI
EI
EI
Compatibility equation at A:
256 kN-m 2 M (4 m)

+
=0
EI
EI
256 kN-m 2
M =
= 64.0 kN-m
4m

(positive slope by inspection)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.19a For the beams and loadings shown


below, assume that EI = 5.0 106 kip-in.2 is
constant for each beam.
(a) For the beam in Fig. P11.19a, determine
the concentrated upward force P required to
make the total beam deflection at B equal to
zero (i.e., vB = 0).

Fig. P11.19a

Solution
Downward deflection at B due to 4 kips/ft uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wL4
vB =
8EI
Values:
w = 4 kips/ft, L = 13 ft, EI = 5.0 106 kip-in.2

Computation:
wL4
(4 kips/ft)(13 ft) 4
14, 280.5 kip-ft 3
vB =
=
=
8 EI
8 EI
EI
Upward deflection at B due to concentrated load P.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
3EI
Values:
L = 13 ft, EI = 5.0 106 kip-in.2

Computation:
PL3 P(13 ft)3
P (732.333333 ft 3 )
vB =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
Compatibility equation at B:
14, 280.5 kip-ft 3 P(732.333333 ft 3 )

+
=0
EI
EI
14, 280.5 kip-ft 3
P =
= 19.50 kips
732.333333 ft 3

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.19b For the beams and loadings shown


below, assume that EI = 5.0 106 kip-in.2 is
constant for each beam.
(b) For the beam in Fig. P11.19b, determine
the concentrated moment M required to
make the total beam slope at C equal to zero
(i.e., C = 0).

Fig. P11.19b

Solution
Slope at C due to 40-kip concentrated load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL2
C =
(slope magnitude)
16 EI
Values:
P = 40 kips, L = 18 ft, EI = 5.0 106 kip-in.2

Computation:
PL2
(40 kips)(18 ft) 2 810 kip-ft 2
C =
=
=
16 EI
16 EI
EI

(negative slope by inspection)

Slope at C due to concentrated moment M.


[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
ML
C =
(slope magnitude)
3EI
Values:
L = 18 ft, EI = 5.0 106 kip-in.2

Computation:
ML M (18 ft) M (6 ft)
C =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
Compatibility equation at C:
810 kip-ft 2 M (6 ft)

+
=0
EI
EI
810 kip-ft 2
M =
= 135.0 kip-ft
6 ft

(positive slope by inspection)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.20a For the beams and loadings shown


below, assume that EI = 5.0 104 kN-m2
is constant for each beam.
(a) For the beam in Fig. P11.20a,
determine the concentrated downward
force P required to make the total beam
deflection at B equal to zero (i.e., vB = 0).

Fig. P11.20a

Solution
Upward deflection at B due to 105 kN-m concentrated moment.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Mx
vB =
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)
6 LEI
Values:
M = 105 kN-m, L = 8 m, x = 4 m,
EI = 5.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:
Mx
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
vB =
6 LEI
=

(105 kN-m)(4 m)
420 kN-m3
2(8 m) 2 3(8 m)(4 m) + (4 m) 2 =
6(8 m)EI
EI

Downward deflection at B due to concentrated load P.


[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
48 EI
Values:
L = 8 m, EI = 5.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:
PL3
P(8 m)3
P (10.666667 m3 )
vB =
=
=
48 EI
48 EI
EI
Compatibility equation at B:
420 kN-m3 P (10.666667 m3 )

=0
EI
EI
420 kN-m3
P =
= 39.375 kN = 39.4 kN
10.666667 m3

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.20b For the beams and loadings shown


below, assume that EI = 5.0 104 kN-m2 is
constant for each beam.
(b) For the beam in Fig. P11.20b, determine
the concentrated moment M required to
make the total beam slope at A equal to zero
(i.e., A = 0).

Fig. P11.20b

Solution
Slope at A due to 6 kN/m uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wL3
A =
(slope magnitude)
6 EI
Values:
w = 6 kN/m, L = 5 m, EI = 5.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:

A =

wL3 (6 kN/m)(5 m)3 125 kN-m 2


=
=
6 EI
6 EI
EI

(positive slope by inspection)

Slope at A due to concentrated moment M.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated moment at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
ML
(slope magnitude)
A =
EI
Values:
L = 5 m, EI = 5.0 104 kN-m2

Computation:
ML M (5 m)
A =
=
EI
EI

(negative slope by inspection)

Compatibility equation at A:
125 kN-m 2 M (5 m)

=0
EI
EI
125 kN-m 2
M =
= 25.0 kN-m
5m

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.21a For the beams and loadings shown


below, assume that EI = 8.0 106 kip-in.2
is constant for each beam.
(a) For the beam in Fig. P11.21a,
determine the concentrated downward
force P required to make the total beam
deflection at B equal to zero (i.e., vB = 0).

Fig. P11.21a

Solution
Upward deflection at B due to 125 kip-ft concentrated moment.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated moment at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
ML2
vB =
2 EI
Values:
M = 125 kip-ft, L = 15 ft, EI = 8.0 106 kip-in.2

Computation:
ML2
(125 kip-ft)(15 ft)2 14,062.5 kip-ft 3
vB =
=
=
2 EI
2 EI
EI
Downward deflection at B due to concentrated load P.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
3EI
Values:
L = 15 ft, EI = 8.0 106 kip-in.2

Computation:
PL3
P(15 ft)3
P(1,125 ft 3 )
vB =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
Compatibility equation at B:
14,062.5 kip-ft 3 P(1,125 ft 3 )

=0
EI
EI
14,062.5 kip-ft 3
P =
= 12.50 kips
1,125 ft 3

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.21b For the beams and loadings shown


below, assume that EI = 8.0 106 kip-in.2
is constant for each beam.
(b) For the beam in Fig. P11.21b,
determine the concentrated moment M
required to make the total beam slope at A
equal to zero (i.e., A = 0).

Fig. P11.21b

Solution
Slope at A due to 7 kips/ft uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over portion of span.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wa 2
A =
(2 L2 a 2 ) (slope magnitude)
24 LEI
Values:
w = 7 kips/ft, L = 23 ft, a = 15 ft,
EI = 8.0 106 kip-in.2

Computation:
wa 2
A =
(2 L2 a 2 )
24 LEI
=

(7 kips/ft)(15 ft) 2
2(23 ft) 2 (15 ft) 2
24(23 ft)EI

2,376.766304 kip-ft 2
EI

(negative slope by inspection)

Slope at A due to concentrated moment M.


[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
ML
A =
(slope magnitude)
3EI
Values:
L = 23 ft, EI = 8.0 106 kip-in.2

Computation:
ML M (23 ft) M (7.666667 ft)
A =
=
=
EI
3EI
3EI
Compatibility equation at A:
2,376.766304 kip-ft 2 M (7.666667 ft)

+
=0
EI
EI
2,376.766304 kip-ft 2
M =
= 310 kip-ft
7.666667 ft

(positive slope by inspection)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.22 For the beam and loading shown


below, derive an expression for the reactions
at supports A and B. Assume that EI is
constant for the beam.

Fig. P11.22

Solution
Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated moment M0.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated moment at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
ML2
M L2
vB =
= 0
2 EI
2 EI

Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated load RB.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3 RB L3
vB =
=
3EI 3EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at B:


M L2 R L3
3M 0
0 + B =0
RB =

2 EI
3EI
2L

Ans.

Equilibrium equations
for entire beam:

Fy = RA + RB = 0

RA = RB =

3M 0 3M 0
=

2L
2L

Ans.

M A = M A M 0 + RB L = 0

M A = RB L M 0 =

3M 0
3M 0
M
( L) M 0 =
M0 = 0
2L
2
2

(cw)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.23 For the beam and loading shown


below, derive an expression for the reactions
at supports A and B. Assume that EI is
constant for the beam.

Fig. P11.23

Solution
Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to linearly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with linearly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
w L4
vB = 0
30 EI

Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated load RB.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3 RB L3
vB =
=
3EI 3EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at B:


w L4 R L3
wL
0 + B =0
RB = 0
30 EI 3EI
10

Ans.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


wL
w L w L 4w L 2 w0 L
Fy = RA + RB 0 = 0
RA = 0 0 = 0 =

2
2
10
10
5
w L L
M A = M A 0 + RB L = 0
2 3
M A = RB L

w0 L2 w0 L
w L2
w L2
w L2
( L) 0 = 0 = 0
=
6
10
6
15
15

(ccw)

Ans.

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.24 For the beam and loading shown below,


derive an expression for the reactions at
supports A and B. Assume that EI is constant
for the beam.

Fig. P11.24

Solution
Choose the reaction force at A as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to concentrated load P.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Px 2
(3L x) (elastic curve)
vA =
6 EI
3L
Let x = L, L =
2
P ( L ) 2 3L

7 PL3
vA =

L
3

6 EI 2
12 EI

Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to concentrated load RA.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3 RA L3
vA =
=
3EI 3EI
Compatibility equation for deflection at A:

7 PL3 RA L3

+
=0
12 EI 3EI

RA =

7P

Ans.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


Fy = RA + RB P = 0

7P
3P 3P
=
=

4
4
4
3L
M B = M B R A L + P = 0
2
RB = P

Ans.

3PL PL PL
3L 7 P
( L)
(ccw)
M B = RA L P =
=
=
2
4
4
2 4

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

11.25 For the beam and loading shown below,


derive an expression for the reactions at
supports A and B. Assume that EI is constant
for the beam.

Fig. P11.25

Solution
Choose the reaction force at A as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wx 2
vA =
(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)
24 EI

Let x = L, L =

3L
2

w( L) 2 3L
17 wL4
3L
2
vA =
6 4 ( L) + ( L) =
24 EI 2
48 EI
2

Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to concentrated load RA.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3 RA L3
vA =
=
3EI 3EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at A:


17 wL4 RA L3
17 wL

+
=0
RA =

48EI
3EI
16

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


3wL
3wL 17 wL 7 wL 7 wL
Fy = RA + RB
=0
RB =

=
=

2
2
16
16
16
3wL 3L
M B = M B R A L +
= 0
2 4
M B = RA L

9 wL2 17 wL
9 wL2
wL2
wL2
=
( L)
=
=
8
16
8
16
16

(cw)

Ans.

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.