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Mechanics of Materials Solutions Chapter11 Probs35 46

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35

consists of a W360 79 structural steel

wide-flange shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 225

106 mm4]. For the loading shown,

determine:

(a) the reactions at A, B, and C.

(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending

stress in the beam.

Fig. P11.35

Solution

(a) Reactions at A, B, and C. Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released

beam is simply supported between A and C.

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wa 3

vB =

(4 L2 7 aL + 3a 2 )

24 LEI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 9 m, a = 6 m

Calculation:

wa 3

vB =

(4 L2 7 aL + 3a 2 )

24 LEI

(80 kN/m)(6 m)3

4,320 kN-m3

2

2

=

4(9 m) 7(6 m)(9 m) + 3(6 m) =

EI

24(9 m) EI

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated moment.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end of span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

vB =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

(elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

M = 240 kN-m, L = 9 m, x = 3 m

Calculation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vB =

6 LEI

(240 kN-m)(3 m)

1, 200 kN-m3

2

2

2(9 m) 3(9 m)(3 m) + (3 m) =

=

6(9 m) EI

EI

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load RB.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pab 2

vB =

( L a2 b2 )

6 LEI

Values:

P = RB, L = 9 m, a = 3 m, b = 6 m

Calculation:

Pab 2

( L a 2 b2 )

vB =

6 LEI

=

( RB )(3 m)(6 m)

(12 m3 ) RB

(9 m) 2 (3 m) 2 (6 m) 2 =

6(9 m) EI

EI

4,320 kN-m3 1, 200 kN-m3 (12 m3 ) RB

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

5,520 kN-m3

RB =

= 460 kN = 460 kN

12 m3

Ans.

M A = RB (3 m) + RC (9 m) 240 kN-m (80 kN/m)(6 m)(6 m) = 0

240 kN-m + (80 kN/m)(6 m)(6 m) (460 kN)(3 m)

RC =

9m

= 193.3333 kN = 193.3 kN

Ans.

Fy = RA + RB + RC (80 kN/m)(6 m) = 0

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

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(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:

Section properties (from Appendix B):

I = 225 106 mm 4

d = 353 mm

S = 1, 270 103 mm3

Mmax = 280 kN-m

Bending stresses at maximum moment

(280 kN-m)(353 mm/2)(1,000) 2

x =

225 106 mm 4

= 220 MPa

Ans.

(280 kN-m)(1,000) 2

x =

1, 270 103 mm3

= 220 MPa

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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consists of a W610 140 structural steel

wide-flange shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 1,120

106 mm4]. For the loading shown,

determine:

(a) the reactions at A, B, and D.

(b) the magnitude of the maximum

bending stress in the beam.

Fig. P11.36

Solution

(a) Reactions at A, B, and D. Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released

beam is simply supported between A and D.

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wx

( L3 2 Lx 2 + x 3 )

(elastic curve)

vB =

24 EI

Values:

w = 90 kN/m, L = 7.5 m, x = 1.5 m

Calculation:

wx

( L3 2 Lx 2 + x 3 )

vB =

24 EI

(90 kN/m)(1.5 m)

2, 202.1875 kN-m3

3

2

3

(7.5 m) 2(7.5 m)(1.5 m) + (1.5 m) =

=

24 EI

EI

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x 2 )

(elastic curve)

vB =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 160 kN, L = 7.5 m, b = 2.5 m, x = 1.5 m

Calculation:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x 2 )

vB =

6 LEI

=

636.6667 kN-m3

(7.5 m) 2 (2.5 m) 2 (1.5 m) 2 =

6(7.5 m) EI

EI

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load RB.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pab 2

( L a2 b2 )

vB =

6 LEI

Values:

P = RB, L = 7.5 m, a = 1.5 m, b = 6 m

Calculation:

Pab 2

( L a 2 b2 )

vB =

6 LEI

( RB )(1.5 m)(6 m)

(3.6 m3 ) RB

2

2

2

=

(7.5 m) (1.5 m) (6 m) =

6(7.5 m) EI

EI

2, 202.1875 kN-m3 636.6667 kN-m3 (3.6 m3 ) RB

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

2,838.8542 kN-m3

RB =

= 788.5706 kN = 789 kN

3.6 m3

Ans.

M A = RB (1.5 m) + RD (7.5 m) (90 kN/m)(7.5 m)(3.75 m) (160 kN)(5 m) = 0

(90 kN/m)(7.5 m)(3.75 m) + (160 kN)(5 m) (788.5706 kN)(1.5 m)

RD =

7.5 m

= 286.4525 kN = 286 kN

Ans.

= 240.0231 kN = 240 kN

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:

Section properties (from Appendix B):

I = 1,120 106 mm 4 d = 617 mm

S = 3,640 103 mm3

Mmax = 461.28 kN-m

Bending stresses at maximum moment

(461.28 kN-m)(617 mm/2)(1,000) 2

x =

1,120 106 mm 4

= 127.1 MPa

Ans.

(461.28 kN-m)(1,000) 2

x =

3,640 103 mm3

= 126.8 MPa

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

as shown in Fig. P11.37. Determine the

reactions at A and D for the beam. Assume

EI = 12.8 106 lb-in.2.

Fig. P11.37

Solution

Choose the reaction force at D as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at D due to uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

wL4

wL3

and C =

vC =

8EI

6 EI

Values:

w = 20 lb/in., L = 72 in.

Calculation:

wL4

(20 lb/in.)(48 in.) 4

13, 271,040 lb-in.3

vC =

=

=

8 EI

8 EI

EI

3

3

wL

(20 lb/in.)(48 in.)

368,640 lb-in.2

C =

=

=

6 EI

6 EI

EI

vD =

368,640 lb-in.2

13, 271,040 lb-in.3

22,118, 400 lb-in.3

(24 in.)

=

EI

EI

EI

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at D due to the 320-lb concentrated load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL3

PL2

and B =

vB =

3EI

2 EI

Values:

P = 320 lb, L = 24 in.

Calculation:

PL3

(320 lb)(24 in.)3

1, 474,560 lb-in.3

=

=

vB =

3EI

3EI

EI

2

2

(320 lb)(24 in.)

92,160 lb-in.2

PL

=

=

B =

2 EI

2 EI

EI

vD =

5,898, 240 lb-in.3

(48 in.) =

EI

EI

EI

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permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vD =

3EI

Values:

P = RD, L = 72 in.

Calculation:

PL3

( RD )(72 in.)3 (124, 416 in.3 ) RD

vD =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at C:

22,118, 400 lb-in.3 5,898, 240 lb-in.3 (124, 416 in.3 ) RD

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

28,016,640 lb-in.3

RD =

= 225.1852 lb = 225 lb

124, 416 in.3

Ans.

RA = (20 lb/in.)(48 in.) + 320 lb 225.1852 lb = 1,054.8148 lb = 1,055 lb

M A = M A (20 lb/in.)(48 in.)(24 in.) (320 lb)(24 in.) + RD (72 in.) = 0

M A = (225.1852 lb)(72 in.) (20 lb/in.)(48 in.)(24 in.) (320 lb)(24 in.)

Ans.

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

shown in Fig. P11.38. Assume EI = 24 106

kip-in.2. Determine:

(a) the reactions at B and C for the beam.

(b) the beam deflection at A.

Fig. P11.38

Solution

Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vB =

8EI

Values:

w = 6 kips/ft, L = 24 ft

Calculation:

wL4

(6 kips/ft)(24 ft) 4

248,832 kip-ft 3

vB =

=

=

8 EI

8 EI

EI

(a)

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to the 30-kip concentrated load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Px 2

(3L x) (elastic curve)

vB =

6 EI

Values:

P = 30 kips, L = 36 ft, x = 24 ft

Calculation:

Px 2

(30 kips)(24 ft) 2

241,920 kip-ft 3

vB =

(3L x ) =

3(36

ft)

(24

ft)

=

[

]

6 EI

6 EI

EI

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vB =

3EI

Values:

P = RB, L = 24 ft

Calculation:

PL3

( RB )(24 ft)3 (4,608 ft 3 ) RB

vB =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at B:

248,832 kip-ft 3 241,920 kip-ft 3 (4,608 ft 3 ) RB

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

490,752 kip-ft 3

RB =

= 106.500 kips = 106.5 kips

4,608 ft 3

(b)

Ans.

Fy = RB + RC 30 kips (6 kips/ft)(24 ft) = 0

RC = 30 kips + (6 kips/ft)(24 ft) 106.500 kips = 67.5 kips

Ans.

M C = (106.500 kips)(24 ft) (30 kips)(36 ft) (6 kips/ft)(24 ft)(12 ft)

= 252.0 kip-ft = 252 kip-ft (cw)

Ans.

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

wL4

wL3

and B =

(slope magnitude)

vB =

8EI

6 EI

Values:

w = 6 kips/ft, L = 24 ft, EI = 24 106 kip-in.2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Calculation:

248,832 kip-ft 3

calculated previously in Eq. (a)

vB =

EI

wL3 (6 kips/ft)(24 ft)3 13,824 kip-ft 2

B =

=

=

6 EI

6 EI

EI

vA =

13,824 kip-ft 2

248,832 kip-ft 3

414,720 kip-ft 3

(12 ft)

=

EI

EI

EI

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to the 30-kip concentrated load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vA =

3EI

Values:

P = 30 kips, L = 36 ft, EI = 24 106 kip-in.2

Calculation:

PL3

(30 kips)(36 ft)3

466,560 kip-ft 3

vA =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated load RB.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL3

PL2

and B =

(slope magnitude)

vB =

3EI

2 EI

Values:

P = RB = 106.5 kips, L = 24 ft, EI = 24 106 kip-in.2

Calculation:

(4,608 ft 3 )(106.5 kips) 490,752 kip-ft 3

vB =

=

EI

EI

2

2

PL

(106.5 kips)(24 ft)

30,672 kip-ft 2

=

=

B =

EI

2 EI

2 EI

490,752 kip-ft 3

+ (12 ft)

vA =

=

EI

EI

EI

Beam deflection at A.

414,720 kip-ft 3 466,560 kip-ft 3 858,816 kip-ft 3

vA =

+

EI

EI

EI

3

3

22, 464 kip-ft

(22, 464 kip-ft )(12 in./ft)3

=

=

= 1.617408 in. = 1.617 in.

EI

24 106 kip-in.2

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

as shown in Fig. P11.39. Assume EI = 86.4

106 N-mm2. Determine:

(a) the reactions at A and C for the beam.

(b) the beam deflection at B.

Fig. P11.39

Solution

Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at C due to uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wx 2

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

vC =

24 EI

Values:

w = 25 N/mm, L = 400 mm, x = 300 mm,

EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

Calculation:

wx 2

vC =

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 )

24 EI

(25 N/mm)(300 mm) 2

6(400 mm) 2 4(400 mm)(300 mm) + (300 mm) 2

=

24 EI

=

EI

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at C due to the 4,000-N concentrated load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL3

PL2

vB =

and B =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

2 EI

Values:

P = 4,000 N, L = 120 mm, EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

Calculation:

PL3

(4,000 N)(120 mm)3

2.304 109 N-mm3

vB =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

2

2

7

PL

(4,000 N)(120 mm)

2.88 10 N-mm 2

B =

=

=

2 EI

2 EI

EI

vC =

2.304 109 N-mm3

7.488 109 N-mm3

(180 mm)

=

EI

EI

EI

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vC =

3EI

Values:

P = RC, L = 300 mm, EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

Calculation:

PL3

( RC )(300 mm)3 (9 106 mm3 ) RC

vC =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at C:

53.43750 109 N-mm3 7.488 109 N-mm3 (9 106 mm3 ) RC

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

60.9255 109 N-mm3

RC =

= 6,769.5 N = 6,770 N

9 106 mm3

Ans.

Fy = RA + RC 4,000 N (25 N/mm)(400 mm) = 0

Ans.

M A = (6,769.5 N)(300 mm) (4,000 N)(120 mm) (25 N/mm)(400 mm)(200 mm)

= 449,150 N-mm = 449,000 N-mm (ccw)

Ans.

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wx 2

vB =

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

24 EI

Values:

w = 25 N/mm, L = 400 mm, x = 120 mm,

EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Calculation:

wx 2

vB =

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 )

24 EI

(25 N/mm)(120 mm) 2

6(400 mm) 2 4(400 mm)(120 mm) + (120 mm) 2

=

24 EI

11.736 109 N-mm3

=

EI

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to the 4,000-N concentrated load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vB =

3EI

Values:

P = 4,000 N, L = 120 mm, EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

Calculation:

PL3

(4,000 N)(120 mm)3

2.304 109 N-mm3

vB =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated load RC.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Px 2

vB =

(3L x)

6 EI

Values:

P = RC = 6,769.5 N, L = 300 mm, x = 120 mm,

EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

Calculation:

Px 2

(6,769.5 N)(120 mm) 2

vB =

(3L x) =

[3(300 mm) (120 mm)]

6 EI

6 EI

12.6725 109 N-mm3

=

EI

Beam deflection at B.

11.736 109 N-mm3 2.304 109 N-mm3 12.6725 109 N-mm3

+

vB =

EI

EI

EI

9

3

9

3

1.367496 10 N-mm

1.367496 10 N-mm

=

=

= 15.8275 mm = 15.83 mm

86.4 106 N-mm 2

EI

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

of a W610 82 structural steel wide-flange

shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 562 106 mm4]. For

the loading shown, determine:

(a) the reaction force at C.

(b) the beam deflection at A.

Fig. P11.40

Solution

(a) Reaction force at C. Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the released beam

is simply supported between B and D.

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to uniformly distributed load on

overhang AB. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

vC =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

(elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

M = (80 kN/m)(3 m)(1.5 m) = 360 kN-m,

L = 14 m, x = 7 m

Calculation:

Mx

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

vC =

6 LEI

=

(360 kN-m)(7 m)

4, 410 kN-m3

2(14 m) 2 3(14 m)(7 m) + (7 m) 2 =

6(14 m)EI

EI

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

5wL4

vC =

384 EI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 14 m

Calculation:

5wL4

5(80 kN/m)(14 m) 4

40,016.6667 kN-m3

vC =

=

=

384 EI

384 EI

EI

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to concentrated load RC.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vC =

48EI

Values:

P = RC, L = 14 m

Calculation:

vC =

PL3

( RC )(14 m)3 (57.1667 m3 ) RC

=

=

48 EI

48 EI

EI

4, 410 kN-m3 40,016.6667 kN-m3 (57.1667 m3 ) RC

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

35,606.6667 kN-m3

RC =

= 622.8571 kN = 623 kN

57.1667 m3

Ans.

Consider downward cantilever beam deflection caused by uniformly distributed load on overhang

AB. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL4

vA =

8EI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 3 m

Calculation:

wL4

(80 kN/m)(3 m) 4

810 kN-m3

vA =

=

=

8 EI

8 EI

EI

Consider downward deflection at A resulting from rotation at B caused by concentrated load on

overhang AB. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML

B =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

Values:

M = (80 kN/m)(3 m)(1.5 m) = 360 kN-m,

L = 14 m

Computation:

ML (360 kN-m)(14 m) 1,680 kN-m 2

B =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

1,680 kN-m 2

5,040 kN-m3

v A = (3 m)

=

EI

EI

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wL3

B =

(slope magnitude)

24 EI

Values:

w = 80 kN/m, L = 14 m

Calculation:

wL3

(80 kN/m)(14 m)3 9,146.6667 kN-m 2

B =

=

=

24 EI

24 EI

EI

v A = (3 m)

=

EI

EI

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL2

B =

(slope magnitude)

16 EI

Values:

P = RC = 622.8571 kN, L = 14 m

Calculation:

PL2

(622.8571 kN)(14 m) 2 7,630 kN-m 2

B =

=

=

16 EI

16 EI

EI

7,630 kN-m 2

22,890 kN-m3

v A = (3 m)

=

EI

EI

Beam deflection at A.

810 kN-m3 5,040 kN-m3 27, 440 kN-m3 22,890 kN-m3

vA =

EI

EI

EI

EI

3

3

1,300 kN-m

1,300 kN-m

=

=

= 0.011566 m = 11.57 mm

112,400 kN-m 2

EI

Ans.

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consists of a W8 15 structural steel wideflange shape [E = 29,000 ksi; I = 48 in.4].

For the loading shown, determine:

(a) the reactions at A and B.

(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending

stress in the beam.

(Reminder: The roller symbol implies that

both upward and downward displacement is

restrained.)

Fig. P11.41

Solution

Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.

Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to uniformly distributed load over entire beam

span. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

wx 2

vB =

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

24 EI

Values:

w = 80 lb/in., L = 150 in., x = 100 in.

Calculation:

wx 2

vB =

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 )

24 EI

(80 lb/in.)(100 in.) 2

6(150 in.) 2 4(150 in.)(100 in.) + (100 in.) 2

=

24 EI

2.8333 109 lb-in.3

=

EI

Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to the force caused by the linear portion of the

distributed load. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vB =

3EI

Values:

P = (50 in.)(60 lb/in.) = 1,500 lb, L = 100 in.

Calculation:

PL3

(1,500 lb)(100 in.)3 500 106 lb-in.3

vB =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to the moment caused by the linear portion of the

distributed load. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated moment at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

ML2

vB =

2 EI

Values:

M = (50 in.)(60 lb/in.)[(50 in.)]

= 50,000 lb-in., L = 100 in.

Calculation:

ML2

(50,000 lb-in.)(100 in.) 2 250 106 lb-in.3

vB =

=

=

2 EI

2 EI

EI

Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated load RB.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vB =

3EI

Values:

P = RB, L = 100 in.

Calculation:

PL3

( RB )(100 in.)3 (333.3333 in.3 ) RB

vB =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at B:

2.8333 109 lb-in.3 500 106 lb-in.3 250 106 lb-in.3 (333.3333 103 in.3 ) RB

+

+

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

EI

3.5833 109 lb-in.3

RB =

= 10,750 lb = 10,750 lb

333.3333 103 in.3

Ans.

1

Fy = RA + RB + (80 lb/in.)(150 in.) + (140 lb/in. 80 lb/in.)(50 in.) = 0

2

(60 lb/in.)(50 in.)

RA = (80 lb/in.)(150 in.)

(10,750 lb)

2

= 2,750 lb = 2,750 lb

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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2

(140 lb/in. 80 lb/in.)(50 in.)

+

100 in. + (50 in.) + RB (100 in.) = 0

2

3

M A = (80 lb/in.)(150 in.)(75 in.) +

(133.3333 in.) + (10,750 in.)(100 in.)

2

= 25,000 lb-in. = 25,000 lb-in. (cw)

Ans.

Section properties (from Appendix B):

I = 48 in.4

d = 8.11 in. S = 11.8 in.3

Maximum bending moment magnitude

Mmax = 150,000 lb-in. (at B)

Bending stresses at maximum moment

(150,000 lb-in.)(8.11 in./2)

x =

= 12,571.875 psi = 12,570 psi

48 in.4

or, using the tabulated value for the section modulus:

150,000 lb-in.

x =

= 12,711.864 psi = 12,710 psi

11.8 in.3

Ans.

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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consists of a W24 94 structural steel wideflange shape [E = 29,000 ksi; I = 2,700 in.4].

For the loading shown, determine:

(a) the reactions at A and D.

(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending

stress in the beam.

Fig. P11.42

Solution

Choose the reaction force at A as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to the 50-kip concentrated load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

PL3

PL2

vB =

and B =

(slope magnitude)

3EI

2 EI

Values:

P = 50 kips, L = 20 ft

Calculation:

PL3

(50 kips)(20 ft)3

133,333.333 kip-ft 3

=

=

vB =

3EI

3EI

EI

2

2

PL

(50 kips)(20 ft) 10,000 kip-ft 3

B =

=

=

2 EI

2 EI

EI

vA =

10,000 kip-ft 3

133,333.333 kip-ft 3

193,333.333 kip-ft 3

(6 ft)

=

EI

EI

EI

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to the uniformly distributed load.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

wL4

wL3

vC =

and C =

(slope magnitude)

8EI

6 EI

Values:

w = 4 kips/ft, L = 14 ft

Calculation:

wL4

(4 kips/ft)(14 ft) 4

19, 208 kip-ft 3

=

=

vC =

EI

8EI

8EI

3

3

wL (4 kips/ft)(14 ft) 1,829.333 kip-ft 3

=

=

C =

6 EI

6 EI

EI

1,829.333 kip-ft 3

19,208 kip-ft 3

41,160 kip-ft 3

(12 ft)

vA =

=

EI

EI

EI

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permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vA =

3EI

Values:

P = RA, L = 26 ft

Calculation:

PL3

( RA )(26 ft)3 (5,858.667 ft 3 ) RA

vA =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

193,333.333 kip-ft 3 41,160 kip-ft 3 (5,858.667 ft 3 ) RA

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

234, 493.333 kip-ft 3

RA =

= 40.025 kips = 40.0 kips

5,858.667 ft 3

(b)

Ans.

Fy = RA + RD 50 kips (4 kips/ft)(14 ft) = 0

RD = 50 kips + (4 kips/ft)(14 ft) 40.025 kips = 65.975 kips = 66.0 kips

Ans.

M D = (40.025 kips)(26 ft) (50 kips)(20 ft) (4 kips/ft)(14 ft)(7 ft)

= 351.350 kip-ft = 351 kip-ft (cw)

Ans.

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(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:

Section properties (from Appendix B):

I = 2,700 in.4

d = 24.3 in.

S = 222 in.3

Mmax = 351.350 kip-ft

Bending stresses at maximum moment

(351.350 kip-ft)(24.3 in./2)(12 in./ft)

x =

2,700 in.4

= 18.97 ksi

or, using the tabulated section modulus:

(351.350 kip-ft)(12 in./ft)

x =

222 in.3

= 18.99 ksi

Ans.

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

GPa] shaft shown in Fig. P11.43 supports two

belt pulleys. Assume that the bearing at A can

be idealized as a pin support and that the

bearings at C and E can be idealized as roller

supports. For the loading shown, determine:

(a) the reaction forces at bearings A, C, and E.

(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending

stress in the shaft.

Fig. P11.43

Solution

(a) Reaction forces at A, C, and E. Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the

released beam is simply supported between A and E.

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to pulley B load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

vC =

( L b2 x2 )

(elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

P = 750 N, L = 2,000 mm, b = 600 mm,

x = 1,000 mm

Calculation:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x2 )

6 LEI

(750 N)(600 mm)(1,000 mm)

(2,000 mm)2 (600 mm) 2 (1,000 mm) 2

=

6(2,000 mm)EI

vC =

EI

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

( L b2 x2 )

(elastic curve)

vC =

6 LEI

Values:

P = 500 N, L = 2,000 mm, b = 400 mm,

x = 1,000 mm

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permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Calculation:

Pbx 2

vC =

( L b2 x2 )

6 LEI

(500 N)(400 mm)(1,000 mm)

(2,000 mm) 2 (400 mm) 2 (1,000 mm) 2

=

6(2,000 mm)EI

=

EI

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to concentrated load RC.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vC =

48EI

Values:

P = RC, L = 2,000 mm

Calculation:

PL3

( RC )(2,000 mm)3 (166.6667 106 mm3 ) RC

vC =

=

=

48 EI

48EI

EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at C:

99.0 109 N-mm3 47.3333 109 N-mm3 (166.6667 106 mm3 ) RC

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

146.3333 109 N-mm3

RC =

= 878 N = 878 N

166.6667 106 mm3

M A = (750 N)(600 mm) (500 N)(1,600 mm) + RC (1,000 mm) + RE (2,000 mm) = 0

(750 N)(600 mm) + (500 N)(1,600 mm) (878 N)(1,000 mm)

RE =

= 186 N

2,000 mm

Ans.

Ans.

Fy = RA + RC + RE 750 N 500 N = 0

RA = 750 N + 500 N 878 N 186 N = 186 N

Ans.

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(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:

Section properties:

I=

64

Mmax = 114,000 N-mm

Bending stresses at maximum moment

(114,000 N-mm)(20 mm/2)

x =

7,853.9816 mm 4

= 145.1 MPa

Ans.

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= 29,000 ksi] shaft shown in Fig. P11.44

supports three belt pulleys. Assume that

the bearing at A can be idealized as a pin

support and that the bearings at C and E

can be idealized as roller supports. For the

loading shown, determine:

(a) the reaction forces at bearings A, C,

and E.

(b) the magnitude of the maximum

bending stress in the shaft.

Fig. P11.44

Solution

(a) Reaction forces at A, C, and E. Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the

released beam is simply supported between A and E.

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to pulley B load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

vC =

( L b2 x2 )

(elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

P = 200 lb, L = 60 in., b = 15 in., x = 30 in.

Calculation:

Pbx 2

vC =

( L b2 x2 )

6 LEI

(200 lb)(15 in.)(30 in.)

(60 in.) 2 (15 in.) 2 (30 in.) 2

=

6(60 in.)EI

=

618,750 lb-in.3

EI

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

vC =

( L b2 x2 )

(elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

P = 200 lb, L = 60 in., b = 15 in., x = 30 in.

Calculation:

Pbx 2

vC =

( L b2 x2 )

6 LEI

(200 lb)(15 in.)(30 in.)

(60 in.) 2 (15 in.) 2 (30 in.) 2

=

6(60 in.)EI

=

618,750 lb-in.3

EI

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permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

vC =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

(elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

M = (120 lb)(10 in.) = 1,200 lb-in.,

L = 60 in., x = 30 in.

Calculation:

Mx

vC =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

6 LEI

=

2(60 in.) 2 3(60 in.)(30 in.) + (30 in.) 2

6(60 in.)EI

270,000 lb-in.3

=

EI

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to concentrated load RC.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vC =

48EI

Values:

P = RC, L = 60 in.

Calculation:

PL3

( RC )(60 in.)3 (4,500 in.3 ) RC

vC =

=

=

48 EI

48 EI

EI

618,750 lb-in.3 618,750 lb-in.3 270,000 lb-in.3 (4,500 in.3 ) RC

+

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

EI

967,500 lb-in.3

RC =

= 215 lb = 215 lb

4,500 in.3

Ans.

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M A = (200 lb)(15 in.) (200 lb)(45 in.) (120 lb)(70 in.) + RC (30 in.) + RE (60 in.) = 0

(200 lb)(15 in.) + (200 lb)(45 in.) + (120 lb)(70 in.) (215 lb)(30 in.)

RE =

60 in.

= 232.50 lb = 233 lb

Ans.

RA = 200 lb + 200 lb + 120 lb 215 lb 232.50 lb = 72.5 lb

Ans.

(b) Magnitude of maximum bending

stress:

Section properties:

I=

64

Mmax = 1,200 lb-in.

Bending stresses at maximum moment

(1, 200 lb-in.)(1.00 in./2)

x =

0.0490874 in.4

= 12,223.1 psi

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

29,000 ksi] shaft shown in Fig. P11.45

supports two belt pulleys. Assume that the

bearing at E can be idealized as a pin

support and that the bearings at B and C can

be idealized as roller supports. For the

loading shown, determine:

(a) the reaction forces at bearings B, C, and

E.

(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending

stress in the shaft.

Fig. P11.45

Solution

(a) Reaction forces at B, C, and E. Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the

released beam is simply supported between B and E.

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to pulley A load.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Mx

vC =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

(elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

M = (110 lb)(7 in.) = 770 lb-in.,

L = 45 in., x = 15 in.

Calculation:

Mx

vC =

(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )

6 LEI

(770 lb-in.)(15 in.)

2(45 in.) 2 3(45 in.)(15 in.) + (15 in.) 2

=

6(45 in.)EI

=

EI

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pbx 2

vC =

( L b2 x2 )

(elastic curve)

6 LEI

Values:

P = 260 lb, L = 45 in., b = 15 in., x = 15 in.

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Calculation:

Pbx 2

vC =

( L b2 x 2 )

6 LEI

(260 lb)(15 in.)(15 in.)

(45 in.) 2 (15 in.) 2 (15 in.) 2

=

6(45 in.)EI

=

EI

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to concentrated load RC.

[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

Pab 2

vC =

( L a 2 b2 )

6 LEI

Values:

P = RC, L = 45 in., a = 15 in., b = 30 in.

Calculation:

Pab 2

vC =

( L a 2 b2 )

6 LEI

( RC )(15 in.)(30 in.)

(45 in.) 2 (15 in.) 2 (30 in.) 2

=

6(45 in.)EI

=

(1,500 in.3 ) RC

EI

96, 250 lb-in.3 341, 250 lb-in.3 (1,500 in.3 ) RC

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

245,000 lb-in.3

RC =

= 163.3333 lb = 163.3 lb

1,500 in.3

Ans.

M E = (260 lb)(15 in.) + (110 lb)(52 in.) RB (45 in.) RC (30 in.) = 0

(260 lb)(15 in.) + (110 lb)(52 in.) (163.3333 lb)(30 in.)

RB =

45 in.

= 104.8889 lb = 104.9 lb

Ans.

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Fy = RB + RC + RE 110 lb 260 lb = 0

RE = 110 lb + 260 lb 163.3333 lb 104.8889 lb = 101.7778 lb = 101.8 lb

Ans.

(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:

Section properties:

I=

64

Mmax = 1,526.7 lb-in.

Bending stresses at maximum moment

(1,526.7 lb-in.)(1.00 in./2)

x =

0.0490874 in.4

= 15,550.8 psi

= 15,550 psi

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

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of a W360 101 structural steel wide-flange

shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 301 106 mm4]. For

the loading shown, determine:

(a) the reactions at A and B.

(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending

stress in the beam.

Fig. P11.46

Solution

Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.

Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to uniformly distributed load over entire beam

span. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]

Relevant equations from Appendix C:

wx 2

vB =

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)

24 EI

Values:

w = 30 kN/m, L = 8 m, x = 5.5 m

Calculation:

wx 2

vB =

(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 )

24 EI

(30 kN/m)(5.5 m) 2

6(8 m) 2 4(8 m)(5.5 m) + (5.5 m) 2

=

24 EI

=

9,008.828125 kN-m3

EI

[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with linearly distributed load.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

w0 x 2

vB =

(10 L3 10 L2 x + 5Lx 2 x 3 ) (elastic curve)

120 LEI

Values:

w0 = 60 kN/m, L = 8 m, x = 5.5 m

Calculation:

w x2

vB = 0

(10 L3 10 L2 x + 5Lx 2 x 3 )

120 LEI

=

(60 kN/m)(5.5 m) 2

10(8 m)3 10(8 m) 2 (5.5 m) + 5(8 m)(5.5 m) 2 (5.5 m)3

120(8 m)EI

4,998.103516 kN-m3

EI

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[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]

Relevant equation from Appendix C:

PL3

vB =

3EI

Values:

P = RB, L = 5.5 m

Calculation:

PL3

( RB )(5.5 m)3 (55.458333 m3 ) RB

vB =

=

=

3EI

3EI

EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at B:

9,008.828125 kN-m3 4,998.103516 kN-m3 (55.458333 m3 ) RB

+

=0

EI

EI

EI

14,006.93164 kN-m3

RB =

= 252.56676 kN = 253 kN

55.458333 m3

Ans.

1

Fy = RA + RB (30 kN/m)(8 m) (90 kN/m 30 kN/m)(8 m) = 0

2

1

RA = (30 kN/m)(8 m) + (90 kN/m 30 kN/m)(8 m) 252.56676 kN

2

= 227.43324 kN = 227 kN

(90 kN/m 30 kN/m)(8 m) 8 m

M A = M A (30 kN/m)(8 m)(4 m)

+ RB (5.5 m) = 0

2

3

M A = 960 kN-m 640 kN-m + (252.56676 kN)(5.5 m)

= 210.88281 kN-m = 211 kN-m (ccw)

Ans.

Ans.

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(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:

Section properties (from Appendix B):

I = 301 106 mm 4

d = 356 mm

Maximum bending moment magnitude

Mmax = 210.88281 kN-m

Bending stresses at maximum moment

(210.88281 kN-m)(356 mm/2)(1,000) 2

x =

301 106 mm 4

= 124.7 MPa

or, using the tabulated value for the section

modulus:

(210.88281 kN-m)(1,000) 2

x =

1,690 103 mm3

= 124.8 MPa

Ans.

to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that

permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

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