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11.35 The beam shown in Fig. P11.

35
consists of a W360 79 structural steel
wide-flange shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 225
106 mm4]. For the loading shown,
determine:
(a) the reactions at A, B, and C.
(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending
stress in the beam.
Fig. P11.35

Solution
(a) Reactions at A, B, and C. Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released
beam is simply supported between A and C.
Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wa 3
vB =
(4 L2 7 aL + 3a 2 )
24 LEI
Values:
w = 80 kN/m, L = 9 m, a = 6 m
Calculation:
wa 3
vB =
(4 L2 7 aL + 3a 2 )
24 LEI
(80 kN/m)(6 m)3
4,320 kN-m3
2
2

=
4(9 m) 7(6 m)(9 m) + 3(6 m) =
EI
24(9 m) EI
Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated moment.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end of span.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Mx
vB =
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI
Values:
M = 240 kN-m, L = 9 m, x = 3 m

Calculation:
Mx
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
vB =
6 LEI
(240 kN-m)(3 m)
1, 200 kN-m3
2
2
2(9 m) 3(9 m)(3 m) + (3 m) =
=
6(9 m) EI
EI

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Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load RB.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pab 2
vB =
( L a2 b2 )
6 LEI
Values:
P = RB, L = 9 m, a = 3 m, b = 6 m

Calculation:
Pab 2
( L a 2 b2 )
vB =
6 LEI
=

( RB )(3 m)(6 m)
(12 m3 ) RB
(9 m) 2 (3 m) 2 (6 m) 2 =
6(9 m) EI
EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at B:


4,320 kN-m3 1, 200 kN-m3 (12 m3 ) RB

+
=0
EI
EI
EI
5,520 kN-m3
RB =
= 460 kN = 460 kN
12 m3

Ans.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


M A = RB (3 m) + RC (9 m) 240 kN-m (80 kN/m)(6 m)(6 m) = 0
240 kN-m + (80 kN/m)(6 m)(6 m) (460 kN)(3 m)
RC =
9m
= 193.3333 kN = 193.3 kN

Ans.

Fy = RA + RB + RC (80 kN/m)(6 m) = 0

RA = (80 kN/m)(6 m) 460 kN 193.3333 kN = 173.3333 kN = 173.3 kN

Ans.

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Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams


(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:
Section properties (from Appendix B):
I = 225 106 mm 4
d = 353 mm
S = 1, 270 103 mm3

Maximum bending moment magnitude


Mmax = 280 kN-m
Bending stresses at maximum moment
(280 kN-m)(353 mm/2)(1,000) 2
x =
225 106 mm 4
= 220 MPa

Ans.

or using the tabulated section modulus value:


(280 kN-m)(1,000) 2
x =
1, 270 103 mm3

= 220 MPa

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.36 The beam shown in Fig. P11.36


consists of a W610 140 structural steel
wide-flange shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 1,120
106 mm4]. For the loading shown,
determine:
(a) the reactions at A, B, and D.
(b) the magnitude of the maximum
bending stress in the beam.

Fig. P11.36

Solution
(a) Reactions at A, B, and D. Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released
beam is simply supported between A and D.
Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load over a portion of the span.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wx
( L3 2 Lx 2 + x 3 )
(elastic curve)
vB =
24 EI
Values:
w = 90 kN/m, L = 7.5 m, x = 1.5 m

Calculation:
wx
( L3 2 Lx 2 + x 3 )
vB =
24 EI
(90 kN/m)(1.5 m)
2, 202.1875 kN-m3
3
2
3
(7.5 m) 2(7.5 m)(1.5 m) + (1.5 m) =
=
24 EI
EI

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load.


[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pbx 2
( L b2 x 2 )
(elastic curve)
vB =
6 LEI
Values:
P = 160 kN, L = 7.5 m, b = 2.5 m, x = 1.5 m

Calculation:
Pbx 2
( L b2 x 2 )
vB =
6 LEI
=

(160 kN)(2.5 m)(1.5 m)


636.6667 kN-m3
(7.5 m) 2 (2.5 m) 2 (1.5 m) 2 =
6(7.5 m) EI
EI

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Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at B due to concentrated load RB.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pab 2
( L a2 b2 )
vB =
6 LEI
Values:
P = RB, L = 7.5 m, a = 1.5 m, b = 6 m

Calculation:
Pab 2
( L a 2 b2 )
vB =
6 LEI
( RB )(1.5 m)(6 m)
(3.6 m3 ) RB
2
2
2

=
(7.5 m) (1.5 m) (6 m) =
6(7.5 m) EI
EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at B:


2, 202.1875 kN-m3 636.6667 kN-m3 (3.6 m3 ) RB

+
=0
EI
EI
EI
2,838.8542 kN-m3
RB =
= 788.5706 kN = 789 kN
3.6 m3

Ans.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


M A = RB (1.5 m) + RD (7.5 m) (90 kN/m)(7.5 m)(3.75 m) (160 kN)(5 m) = 0
(90 kN/m)(7.5 m)(3.75 m) + (160 kN)(5 m) (788.5706 kN)(1.5 m)
RD =
7.5 m
= 286.4525 kN = 286 kN

Ans.

Fy = RA + RB + RD (90 kN/m)(7.5 m) 160 kN = 0

RA = (90 kN/m)(7.5 m) + 160 kN 788.5706 kN 286.4525 kN


= 240.0231 kN = 240 kN

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams


(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:
Section properties (from Appendix B):
I = 1,120 106 mm 4 d = 617 mm
S = 3,640 103 mm3

Maximum bending moment magnitude


Mmax = 461.28 kN-m
Bending stresses at maximum moment
(461.28 kN-m)(617 mm/2)(1,000) 2
x =
1,120 106 mm 4

= 127.1 MPa

Ans.

or using the tabulated section modulus value:


(461.28 kN-m)(1,000) 2
x =
3,640 103 mm3
= 126.8 MPa

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.37 A propped cantilever beam is loaded


as shown in Fig. P11.37. Determine the
reactions at A and D for the beam. Assume
EI = 12.8 106 lb-in.2.

Fig. P11.37

Solution
Choose the reaction force at D as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at D due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equations from Appendix C:
wL4
wL3
and C =
vC =
8EI
6 EI
Values:
w = 20 lb/in., L = 72 in.

Calculation:
wL4
(20 lb/in.)(48 in.) 4
13, 271,040 lb-in.3
vC =
=
=
8 EI
8 EI
EI
3
3
wL
(20 lb/in.)(48 in.)
368,640 lb-in.2
C =
=
=
6 EI
6 EI
EI
vD =

368,640 lb-in.2
13, 271,040 lb-in.3
22,118, 400 lb-in.3
(24 in.)
=

EI
EI
EI

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at D due to the 320-lb concentrated load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equations from Appendix C:
PL3
PL2
and B =
vB =
3EI
2 EI
Values:
P = 320 lb, L = 24 in.

Calculation:
PL3
(320 lb)(24 in.)3
1, 474,560 lb-in.3
=
=
vB =
3EI
3EI
EI
2
2
(320 lb)(24 in.)
92,160 lb-in.2
PL
=
=
B =
2 EI
2 EI
EI
vD =

1, 474,560 lb-in.3 92,160 lb-in.2


5,898, 240 lb-in.3
(48 in.) =

EI
EI
EI

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at D due to concentrated load RD.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vD =
3EI
Values:
P = RD, L = 72 in.

Calculation:
PL3
( RD )(72 in.)3 (124, 416 in.3 ) RD
vD =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
Compatibility equation for deflection at C:
22,118, 400 lb-in.3 5,898, 240 lb-in.3 (124, 416 in.3 ) RD

+
=0
EI
EI
EI
28,016,640 lb-in.3
RD =
= 225.1852 lb = 225 lb
124, 416 in.3

Ans.

Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:

Fy = RA + RD (20 lb/in.)(48 in.) 320 lb = 0


RA = (20 lb/in.)(48 in.) + 320 lb 225.1852 lb = 1,054.8148 lb = 1,055 lb
M A = M A (20 lb/in.)(48 in.)(24 in.) (320 lb)(24 in.) + RD (72 in.) = 0
M A = (225.1852 lb)(72 in.) (20 lb/in.)(48 in.)(24 in.) (320 lb)(24 in.)

= 14,506.6667 lb-in. = 14,510 lb-in. (ccw)

Ans.

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.38 A propped cantilever beam is loaded as


shown in Fig. P11.38. Assume EI = 24 106
kip-in.2. Determine:
(a) the reactions at B and C for the beam.
(b) the beam deflection at A.

Fig. P11.38

Solution
Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wL4
vB =
8EI
Values:
w = 6 kips/ft, L = 24 ft

Calculation:
wL4
(6 kips/ft)(24 ft) 4
248,832 kip-ft 3
vB =
=
=
8 EI
8 EI
EI

(a)

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to the 30-kip concentrated load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Px 2
(3L x) (elastic curve)
vB =
6 EI
Values:
P = 30 kips, L = 36 ft, x = 24 ft

Calculation:
Px 2
(30 kips)(24 ft) 2
241,920 kip-ft 3
vB =
(3L x ) =
3(36
ft)

(24
ft)
=

[
]
6 EI
6 EI
EI

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Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated load RB.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
3EI
Values:
P = RB, L = 24 ft

Calculation:
PL3
( RB )(24 ft)3 (4,608 ft 3 ) RB
vB =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
Compatibility equation for deflection at B:
248,832 kip-ft 3 241,920 kip-ft 3 (4,608 ft 3 ) RB

+
=0
EI
EI
EI
490,752 kip-ft 3
RB =
= 106.500 kips = 106.5 kips
4,608 ft 3

(b)

Ans.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


Fy = RB + RC 30 kips (6 kips/ft)(24 ft) = 0
RC = 30 kips + (6 kips/ft)(24 ft) 106.500 kips = 67.5 kips

Ans.

M C = M C + (30 kips)(36 ft) + (6 kips/ft)(24 ft)(12 ft) RB (24 ft) = 0


M C = (106.500 kips)(24 ft) (30 kips)(36 ft) (6 kips/ft)(24 ft)(12 ft)
= 252.0 kip-ft = 252 kip-ft (cw)

Ans.

(b) Beam deflection at A:


Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equations from Appendix C:
wL4
wL3
and B =
(slope magnitude)
vB =
8EI
6 EI
Values:
w = 6 kips/ft, L = 24 ft, EI = 24 106 kip-in.2

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Calculation:
248,832 kip-ft 3
calculated previously in Eq. (a)
vB =
EI
wL3 (6 kips/ft)(24 ft)3 13,824 kip-ft 2
B =
=
=
6 EI
6 EI
EI
vA =

13,824 kip-ft 2
248,832 kip-ft 3
414,720 kip-ft 3
(12 ft)
=

EI
EI
EI

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to the 30-kip concentrated load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vA =
3EI
Values:
P = 30 kips, L = 36 ft, EI = 24 106 kip-in.2

Calculation:
PL3
(30 kips)(36 ft)3
466,560 kip-ft 3
vA =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated load RB.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equations from Appendix C:
PL3
PL2
and B =
(slope magnitude)
vB =
3EI
2 EI
Values:
P = RB = 106.5 kips, L = 24 ft, EI = 24 106 kip-in.2

Calculation:
(4,608 ft 3 )(106.5 kips) 490,752 kip-ft 3
vB =
=
EI
EI
2
2
PL
(106.5 kips)(24 ft)
30,672 kip-ft 2
=
=
B =
EI
2 EI
2 EI

using the results from Eq. (b)

30,672 kip-ft 2 858,816 kip-ft 3


490,752 kip-ft 3
+ (12 ft)
vA =
=
EI
EI
EI

Beam deflection at A.
414,720 kip-ft 3 466,560 kip-ft 3 858,816 kip-ft 3
vA =

+
EI
EI
EI
3
3
22, 464 kip-ft
(22, 464 kip-ft )(12 in./ft)3
=
=
= 1.617408 in. = 1.617 in.
EI
24 106 kip-in.2

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.39 A propped cantilever beam is loaded


as shown in Fig. P11.39. Assume EI = 86.4
106 N-mm2. Determine:
(a) the reactions at A and C for the beam.
(b) the beam deflection at B.

Fig. P11.39

Solution
Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at C due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wx 2
(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)
vC =
24 EI
Values:
w = 25 N/mm, L = 400 mm, x = 300 mm,
EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

Calculation:
wx 2
vC =
(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 )
24 EI
(25 N/mm)(300 mm) 2
6(400 mm) 2 4(400 mm)(300 mm) + (300 mm) 2
=
24 EI
=

53.43750 109 N-mm3


EI

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at C due to the 4,000-N concentrated load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equations from Appendix C:
PL3
PL2
vB =
and B =
(slope magnitude)
3EI
2 EI
Values:
P = 4,000 N, L = 120 mm, EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

Calculation:
PL3
(4,000 N)(120 mm)3
2.304 109 N-mm3
vB =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
2
2
7
PL
(4,000 N)(120 mm)
2.88 10 N-mm 2
B =
=
=
2 EI
2 EI
EI
vC =

2.88 107 N-mm 2


2.304 109 N-mm3
7.488 109 N-mm3
(180 mm)
=

EI
EI
EI

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at C due to concentrated load RC.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vC =
3EI
Values:
P = RC, L = 300 mm, EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

Calculation:
PL3
( RC )(300 mm)3 (9 106 mm3 ) RC
vC =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
Compatibility equation for deflection at C:
53.43750 109 N-mm3 7.488 109 N-mm3 (9 106 mm3 ) RC

+
=0
EI
EI
EI
60.9255 109 N-mm3
RC =
= 6,769.5 N = 6,770 N
9 106 mm3

Ans.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


Fy = RA + RC 4,000 N (25 N/mm)(400 mm) = 0

RA = 4,000 N + (25 N/mm)(400 mm) 6,769.5 N = 7, 230.5 N = 7, 230 N

Ans.

M A = M A (4,000 N)(120 mm) (25 N/mm)(400 mm)(200 mm) + RC (300 mm) = 0


M A = (6,769.5 N)(300 mm) (4,000 N)(120 mm) (25 N/mm)(400 mm)(200 mm)
= 449,150 N-mm = 449,000 N-mm (ccw)

Ans.

(b) Beam deflection at B:


Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wx 2
vB =
(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)
24 EI
Values:
w = 25 N/mm, L = 400 mm, x = 120 mm,
EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Calculation:
wx 2
vB =
(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 )
24 EI
(25 N/mm)(120 mm) 2
6(400 mm) 2 4(400 mm)(120 mm) + (120 mm) 2
=
24 EI
11.736 109 N-mm3
=
EI
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to the 4,000-N concentrated load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
3EI
Values:
P = 4,000 N, L = 120 mm, EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

Calculation:
PL3
(4,000 N)(120 mm)3
2.304 109 N-mm3
vB =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated load RC.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Px 2
vB =
(3L x)
6 EI
Values:
P = RC = 6,769.5 N, L = 300 mm, x = 120 mm,
EI = 86.4 106 N-mm2

Calculation:
Px 2
(6,769.5 N)(120 mm) 2
vB =
(3L x) =
[3(300 mm) (120 mm)]
6 EI
6 EI
12.6725 109 N-mm3
=
EI
Beam deflection at B.
11.736 109 N-mm3 2.304 109 N-mm3 12.6725 109 N-mm3

+
vB =
EI
EI
EI
9
3
9
3
1.367496 10 N-mm
1.367496 10 N-mm
=
=
= 15.8275 mm = 15.83 mm
86.4 106 N-mm 2
EI

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.40 The beam shown in Fig. P11.40 consists


of a W610 82 structural steel wide-flange
shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 562 106 mm4]. For
the loading shown, determine:
(a) the reaction force at C.
(b) the beam deflection at A.

Fig. P11.40

Solution
(a) Reaction force at C. Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the released beam
is simply supported between B and D.
Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to uniformly distributed load on
overhang AB. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Mx
vC =
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI
Values:
M = (80 kN/m)(3 m)(1.5 m) = 360 kN-m,
L = 14 m, x = 7 m

Calculation:
Mx
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
vC =
6 LEI
=

(360 kN-m)(7 m)
4, 410 kN-m3
2(14 m) 2 3(14 m)(7 m) + (7 m) 2 =
6(14 m)EI
EI

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
5wL4
vC =
384 EI
Values:
w = 80 kN/m, L = 14 m

Calculation:
5wL4
5(80 kN/m)(14 m) 4
40,016.6667 kN-m3
vC =
=
=
384 EI
384 EI
EI

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Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to concentrated load RC.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vC =
48EI
Values:
P = RC, L = 14 m

Calculation:
vC =

PL3
( RC )(14 m)3 (57.1667 m3 ) RC
=
=
48 EI
48 EI
EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at B:


4, 410 kN-m3 40,016.6667 kN-m3 (57.1667 m3 ) RC

+
=0
EI
EI
EI
35,606.6667 kN-m3
RC =
= 622.8571 kN = 623 kN
57.1667 m3

Ans.

(b) Beam deflection at A.


Consider downward cantilever beam deflection caused by uniformly distributed load on overhang
AB. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wL4
vA =
8EI
Values:
w = 80 kN/m, L = 3 m

Calculation:
wL4
(80 kN/m)(3 m) 4
810 kN-m3
vA =
=
=
8 EI
8 EI
EI
Consider downward deflection at A resulting from rotation at B caused by concentrated load on
overhang AB. [Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
ML
B =
(slope magnitude)
3EI
Values:
M = (80 kN/m)(3 m)(1.5 m) = 360 kN-m,
L = 14 m

Computation:
ML (360 kN-m)(14 m) 1,680 kN-m 2
B =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
1,680 kN-m 2
5,040 kN-m3
v A = (3 m)
=

EI
EI

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Consider upward deflection at A due to uniformly distributed load between B and D.


[Appendix C, SS beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wL3
B =
(slope magnitude)
24 EI
Values:
w = 80 kN/m, L = 14 m

Calculation:
wL3
(80 kN/m)(14 m)3 9,146.6667 kN-m 2
B =
=
=
24 EI
24 EI
EI

9,146.6667 kN-m 2 27,440 kN-m3


v A = (3 m)
=
EI
EI

Consider downward deflection at A due to concentrated load RC.


[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL2
B =
(slope magnitude)
16 EI
Values:
P = RC = 622.8571 kN, L = 14 m

Calculation:
PL2
(622.8571 kN)(14 m) 2 7,630 kN-m 2
B =
=
=
16 EI
16 EI
EI
7,630 kN-m 2
22,890 kN-m3
v A = (3 m)
=

EI
EI

Beam deflection at A.
810 kN-m3 5,040 kN-m3 27, 440 kN-m3 22,890 kN-m3
vA =

EI
EI
EI
EI
3
3
1,300 kN-m
1,300 kN-m
=
=
= 0.011566 m = 11.57 mm
112,400 kN-m 2
EI

Ans.

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11.41 The beam shown in Fig. P11.41


consists of a W8 15 structural steel wideflange shape [E = 29,000 ksi; I = 48 in.4].
For the loading shown, determine:
(a) the reactions at A and B.
(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending
stress in the beam.
(Reminder: The roller symbol implies that
both upward and downward displacement is
restrained.)

Fig. P11.41

Solution
Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to uniformly distributed load over entire beam
span. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
wx 2
vB =
(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)
24 EI
Values:
w = 80 lb/in., L = 150 in., x = 100 in.

Calculation:
wx 2
vB =
(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 )
24 EI
(80 lb/in.)(100 in.) 2
6(150 in.) 2 4(150 in.)(100 in.) + (100 in.) 2
=
24 EI
2.8333 109 lb-in.3
=
EI
Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to the force caused by the linear portion of the
distributed load. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
3EI
Values:
P = (50 in.)(60 lb/in.) = 1,500 lb, L = 100 in.

Calculation:
PL3
(1,500 lb)(100 in.)3 500 106 lb-in.3
vB =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI

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Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to the moment caused by the linear portion of the
distributed load. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated moment at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
ML2
vB =
2 EI
Values:
M = (50 in.)(60 lb/in.)[(50 in.)]
= 50,000 lb-in., L = 100 in.

Calculation:
ML2
(50,000 lb-in.)(100 in.) 2 250 106 lb-in.3
vB =
=
=
2 EI
2 EI
EI
Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated load RB.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
3EI
Values:
P = RB, L = 100 in.

Calculation:
PL3
( RB )(100 in.)3 (333.3333 in.3 ) RB
vB =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
Compatibility equation for deflection at B:
2.8333 109 lb-in.3 500 106 lb-in.3 250 106 lb-in.3 (333.3333 103 in.3 ) RB
+
+
+
=0
EI
EI
EI
EI
3.5833 109 lb-in.3
RB =
= 10,750 lb = 10,750 lb
333.3333 103 in.3

Ans.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


1
Fy = RA + RB + (80 lb/in.)(150 in.) + (140 lb/in. 80 lb/in.)(50 in.) = 0
2
(60 lb/in.)(50 in.)
RA = (80 lb/in.)(150 in.)
(10,750 lb)
2

= 2,750 lb = 2,750 lb

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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M A = M A + (80 lb/in.)(150 in.)(75 in.)


2
(140 lb/in. 80 lb/in.)(50 in.)

+
100 in. + (50 in.) + RB (100 in.) = 0

2
3

(60 lb/in.)(50 in.)


M A = (80 lb/in.)(150 in.)(75 in.) +
(133.3333 in.) + (10,750 in.)(100 in.)
2
= 25,000 lb-in. = 25,000 lb-in. (cw)

Ans.

(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:


Section properties (from Appendix B):
I = 48 in.4
d = 8.11 in. S = 11.8 in.3
Maximum bending moment magnitude
Mmax = 150,000 lb-in. (at B)
Bending stresses at maximum moment
(150,000 lb-in.)(8.11 in./2)
x =
= 12,571.875 psi = 12,570 psi
48 in.4
or, using the tabulated value for the section modulus:
150,000 lb-in.
x =
= 12,711.864 psi = 12,710 psi
11.8 in.3

Ans.

Ans.

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11.42 The beam shown in Fig. P11.42


consists of a W24 94 structural steel wideflange shape [E = 29,000 ksi; I = 2,700 in.4].
For the loading shown, determine:
(a) the reactions at A and D.
(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending
stress in the beam.

Fig. P11.42

Solution
Choose the reaction force at A as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to the 50-kip concentrated load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equations from Appendix C:
PL3
PL2
vB =
and B =
(slope magnitude)
3EI
2 EI
Values:
P = 50 kips, L = 20 ft

Calculation:
PL3
(50 kips)(20 ft)3
133,333.333 kip-ft 3
=
=
vB =
3EI
3EI
EI
2
2
PL
(50 kips)(20 ft) 10,000 kip-ft 3
B =
=
=
2 EI
2 EI
EI
vA =

10,000 kip-ft 3
133,333.333 kip-ft 3
193,333.333 kip-ft 3
(6 ft)
=

EI
EI
EI

Consider downward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to the uniformly distributed load.
[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equations from Appendix C:
wL4
wL3
vC =
and C =
(slope magnitude)
8EI
6 EI
Values:
w = 4 kips/ft, L = 14 ft

Calculation:
wL4
(4 kips/ft)(14 ft) 4
19, 208 kip-ft 3
=
=
vC =
EI
8EI
8EI
3
3
wL (4 kips/ft)(14 ft) 1,829.333 kip-ft 3
=
=
C =
6 EI
6 EI
EI
1,829.333 kip-ft 3
19,208 kip-ft 3
41,160 kip-ft 3
(12 ft)
vA =
=
EI
EI
EI

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Consider upward deflection of cantilever beam at A due to concentrated load RA.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vA =
3EI
Values:
P = RA, L = 26 ft

Calculation:
PL3
( RA )(26 ft)3 (5,858.667 ft 3 ) RA
vA =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at A:


193,333.333 kip-ft 3 41,160 kip-ft 3 (5,858.667 ft 3 ) RA

+
=0
EI
EI
EI
234, 493.333 kip-ft 3
RA =
= 40.025 kips = 40.0 kips
5,858.667 ft 3

(b)

Ans.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


Fy = RA + RD 50 kips (4 kips/ft)(14 ft) = 0
RD = 50 kips + (4 kips/ft)(14 ft) 40.025 kips = 65.975 kips = 66.0 kips

Ans.

M D = M D + (50 kips)(20 ft) + (4 kips/ft)(14 ft)(7 ft) RA (26 ft) = 0


M D = (40.025 kips)(26 ft) (50 kips)(20 ft) (4 kips/ft)(14 ft)(7 ft)
= 351.350 kip-ft = 351 kip-ft (cw)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams


(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:
Section properties (from Appendix B):
I = 2,700 in.4
d = 24.3 in.
S = 222 in.3

Maximum bending moment magnitude


Mmax = 351.350 kip-ft
Bending stresses at maximum moment
(351.350 kip-ft)(24.3 in./2)(12 in./ft)
x =
2,700 in.4

= 18.97 ksi
or, using the tabulated section modulus:
(351.350 kip-ft)(12 in./ft)
x =
222 in.3
= 18.99 ksi

Ans.

Ans.

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11.43 The solid 20-mm-diameter steel [E = 200


GPa] shaft shown in Fig. P11.43 supports two
belt pulleys. Assume that the bearing at A can
be idealized as a pin support and that the
bearings at C and E can be idealized as roller
supports. For the loading shown, determine:
(a) the reaction forces at bearings A, C, and E.
(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending
stress in the shaft.

Fig. P11.43

Solution
(a) Reaction forces at A, C, and E. Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the
released beam is simply supported between A and E.
Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to pulley B load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pbx 2
vC =
( L b2 x2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI
Values:
P = 750 N, L = 2,000 mm, b = 600 mm,
x = 1,000 mm

Calculation:
Pbx 2
( L b2 x2 )
6 LEI
(750 N)(600 mm)(1,000 mm)
(2,000 mm)2 (600 mm) 2 (1,000 mm) 2
=
6(2,000 mm)EI

vC =

99.0 109 N-mm3


EI

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to pulley D load.


[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pbx 2
( L b2 x2 )
(elastic curve)
vC =
6 LEI
Values:
P = 500 N, L = 2,000 mm, b = 400 mm,
x = 1,000 mm

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Calculation:
Pbx 2
vC =
( L b2 x2 )
6 LEI
(500 N)(400 mm)(1,000 mm)
(2,000 mm) 2 (400 mm) 2 (1,000 mm) 2
=
6(2,000 mm)EI
=

47.3333 109 N-mm3


EI

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to concentrated load RC.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vC =
48EI
Values:
P = RC, L = 2,000 mm

Calculation:
PL3
( RC )(2,000 mm)3 (166.6667 106 mm3 ) RC
vC =
=
=
48 EI
48EI
EI
Compatibility equation for deflection at C:
99.0 109 N-mm3 47.3333 109 N-mm3 (166.6667 106 mm3 ) RC

+
=0
EI
EI
EI
146.3333 109 N-mm3
RC =
= 878 N = 878 N
166.6667 106 mm3

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


M A = (750 N)(600 mm) (500 N)(1,600 mm) + RC (1,000 mm) + RE (2,000 mm) = 0
(750 N)(600 mm) + (500 N)(1,600 mm) (878 N)(1,000 mm)
RE =
= 186 N
2,000 mm

Ans.

Ans.

Fy = RA + RC + RE 750 N 500 N = 0
RA = 750 N + 500 N 878 N 186 N = 186 N

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams


(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:
Section properties:

I=

64

(20 mm) 4 = 7,853.9816 mm 4

Maximum bending moment magnitude


Mmax = 114,000 N-mm
Bending stresses at maximum moment
(114,000 N-mm)(20 mm/2)
x =
7,853.9816 mm 4

= 145.1 MPa

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.44 The solid 1.00-in.-diameter steel [E


= 29,000 ksi] shaft shown in Fig. P11.44
supports three belt pulleys. Assume that
the bearing at A can be idealized as a pin
support and that the bearings at C and E
can be idealized as roller supports. For the
loading shown, determine:
(a) the reaction forces at bearings A, C,
and E.
(b) the magnitude of the maximum
bending stress in the shaft.

Fig. P11.44

Solution
(a) Reaction forces at A, C, and E. Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the
released beam is simply supported between A and E.
Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to pulley B load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pbx 2
vC =
( L b2 x2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI
Values:
P = 200 lb, L = 60 in., b = 15 in., x = 30 in.

Calculation:
Pbx 2
vC =
( L b2 x2 )
6 LEI
(200 lb)(15 in.)(30 in.)
(60 in.) 2 (15 in.) 2 (30 in.) 2
=
6(60 in.)EI
=

618,750 lb-in.3
EI

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to pulley D load.


[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pbx 2
vC =
( L b2 x2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI
Values:
P = 200 lb, L = 60 in., b = 15 in., x = 30 in.

Calculation:
Pbx 2
vC =
( L b2 x2 )
6 LEI
(200 lb)(15 in.)(30 in.)
(60 in.) 2 (15 in.) 2 (30 in.) 2
=
6(60 in.)EI
=

618,750 lb-in.3
EI

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to pulley F load.


[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Mx
vC =
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI
Values:
M = (120 lb)(10 in.) = 1,200 lb-in.,
L = 60 in., x = 30 in.

Calculation:
Mx
vC =
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
6 LEI
=

(1, 200 lb-in.)(30 in.)


2(60 in.) 2 3(60 in.)(30 in.) + (30 in.) 2
6(60 in.)EI

270,000 lb-in.3
=
EI
Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to concentrated load RC.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vC =
48EI
Values:
P = RC, L = 60 in.

Calculation:
PL3
( RC )(60 in.)3 (4,500 in.3 ) RC
vC =
=
=
48 EI
48 EI
EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at C:


618,750 lb-in.3 618,750 lb-in.3 270,000 lb-in.3 (4,500 in.3 ) RC

+
+
=0
EI
EI
EI
EI
967,500 lb-in.3
RC =
= 215 lb = 215 lb
4,500 in.3

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


M A = (200 lb)(15 in.) (200 lb)(45 in.) (120 lb)(70 in.) + RC (30 in.) + RE (60 in.) = 0
(200 lb)(15 in.) + (200 lb)(45 in.) + (120 lb)(70 in.) (215 lb)(30 in.)
RE =
60 in.
= 232.50 lb = 233 lb

Ans.

Fy = RA + RC + RE 200 lb 200 lb 120 lb = 0


RA = 200 lb + 200 lb + 120 lb 215 lb 232.50 lb = 72.5 lb

Ans.

Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams


(b) Magnitude of maximum bending
stress:
Section properties:

I=

64

(1.00 in.) 4 = 0.0490874 in.4

Maximum bending moment magnitude


Mmax = 1,200 lb-in.
Bending stresses at maximum moment
(1, 200 lb-in.)(1.00 in./2)
x =
0.0490874 in.4
= 12,223.1 psi

= 12, 220 psi

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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11.45 The solid 1.00-in.-diameter steel [E =


29,000 ksi] shaft shown in Fig. P11.45
supports two belt pulleys. Assume that the
bearing at E can be idealized as a pin
support and that the bearings at B and C can
be idealized as roller supports. For the
loading shown, determine:
(a) the reaction forces at bearings B, C, and
E.
(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending
stress in the shaft.

Fig. P11.45

Solution
(a) Reaction forces at B, C, and E. Choose the reaction force at C as the redundant; therefore, the
released beam is simply supported between B and E.
Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to pulley A load.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated moment at one end.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Mx
vC =
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI
Values:
M = (110 lb)(7 in.) = 770 lb-in.,
L = 45 in., x = 15 in.

Calculation:
Mx
vC =
(2 L2 3Lx + x 2 )
6 LEI
(770 lb-in.)(15 in.)
2(45 in.) 2 3(45 in.)(15 in.) + (15 in.) 2
=
6(45 in.)EI
=

96, 250 lb-in.3


EI

Consider downward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to pulley D load.


[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pbx 2
vC =
( L b2 x2 )
(elastic curve)
6 LEI
Values:
P = 260 lb, L = 45 in., b = 15 in., x = 15 in.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Calculation:
Pbx 2
vC =
( L b2 x 2 )
6 LEI
(260 lb)(15 in.)(15 in.)
(45 in.) 2 (15 in.) 2 (15 in.) 2
=
6(45 in.)EI
=

341, 250 lb-in.3


EI

Consider upward deflection of simply supported beam at C due to concentrated load RC.
[Appendix C, SS beam with concentrated load not at midspan.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
Pab 2
vC =
( L a 2 b2 )
6 LEI
Values:
P = RC, L = 45 in., a = 15 in., b = 30 in.

Calculation:
Pab 2
vC =
( L a 2 b2 )
6 LEI
( RC )(15 in.)(30 in.)
(45 in.) 2 (15 in.) 2 (30 in.) 2
=
6(45 in.)EI
=

(1,500 in.3 ) RC
EI

Compatibility equation for deflection at C:


96, 250 lb-in.3 341, 250 lb-in.3 (1,500 in.3 ) RC

+
=0
EI
EI
EI
245,000 lb-in.3
RC =
= 163.3333 lb = 163.3 lb
1,500 in.3

Ans.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


M E = (260 lb)(15 in.) + (110 lb)(52 in.) RB (45 in.) RC (30 in.) = 0
(260 lb)(15 in.) + (110 lb)(52 in.) (163.3333 lb)(30 in.)
RB =
45 in.
= 104.8889 lb = 104.9 lb

Ans.

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Fy = RB + RC + RE 110 lb 260 lb = 0
RE = 110 lb + 260 lb 163.3333 lb 104.8889 lb = 101.7778 lb = 101.8 lb

Ans.

Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams


(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:
Section properties:

I=

64

(1.00 in.) 4 = 0.0490874 in.4

Maximum bending moment magnitude


Mmax = 1,526.7 lb-in.
Bending stresses at maximum moment
(1,526.7 lb-in.)(1.00 in./2)
x =
0.0490874 in.4
= 15,550.8 psi

= 15,550 psi

Ans.

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11.46 The beam shown in Fig. P11.46 consists


of a W360 101 structural steel wide-flange
shape [E = 200 GPa; I = 301 106 mm4]. For
the loading shown, determine:
(a) the reactions at A and B.
(b) the magnitude of the maximum bending
stress in the beam.

Fig. P11.46

Solution
Choose the reaction force at B as the redundant; therefore, the released beam is a cantilever.
Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to uniformly distributed load over entire beam
span. [Appendix C, Cantilever beam with uniformly distributed load.]
Relevant equations from Appendix C:
wx 2
vB =
(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 ) (elastic curve)
24 EI
Values:
w = 30 kN/m, L = 8 m, x = 5.5 m

Calculation:
wx 2
vB =
(6 L2 4 Lx + x 2 )
24 EI
(30 kN/m)(5.5 m) 2
6(8 m) 2 4(8 m)(5.5 m) + (5.5 m) 2
=
24 EI
=

9,008.828125 kN-m3
EI

Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due a linearly distributed load.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with linearly distributed load.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
w0 x 2
vB =
(10 L3 10 L2 x + 5Lx 2 x 3 ) (elastic curve)
120 LEI
Values:
w0 = 60 kN/m, L = 8 m, x = 5.5 m

Calculation:
w x2
vB = 0
(10 L3 10 L2 x + 5Lx 2 x 3 )
120 LEI
=

(60 kN/m)(5.5 m) 2
10(8 m)3 10(8 m) 2 (5.5 m) + 5(8 m)(5.5 m) 2 (5.5 m)3
120(8 m)EI

4,998.103516 kN-m3
EI

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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Consider deflection of cantilever beam at B due to concentrated load RB.


[Appendix C, Cantilever beam with concentrated load at tip.]
Relevant equation from Appendix C:
PL3
vB =
3EI
Values:
P = RB, L = 5.5 m

Calculation:
PL3
( RB )(5.5 m)3 (55.458333 m3 ) RB
vB =
=
=
3EI
3EI
EI
Compatibility equation for deflection at B:
9,008.828125 kN-m3 4,998.103516 kN-m3 (55.458333 m3 ) RB

+
=0
EI
EI
EI
14,006.93164 kN-m3
RB =
= 252.56676 kN = 253 kN
55.458333 m3

Ans.

Equilibrium equations for entire beam:


1
Fy = RA + RB (30 kN/m)(8 m) (90 kN/m 30 kN/m)(8 m) = 0
2
1
RA = (30 kN/m)(8 m) + (90 kN/m 30 kN/m)(8 m) 252.56676 kN
2
= 227.43324 kN = 227 kN
(90 kN/m 30 kN/m)(8 m) 8 m
M A = M A (30 kN/m)(8 m)(4 m)

+ RB (5.5 m) = 0
2

3
M A = 960 kN-m 640 kN-m + (252.56676 kN)(5.5 m)
= 210.88281 kN-m = 211 kN-m (ccw)

Ans.

Ans.

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Shear-force and bending-moment diagrams


(b) Magnitude of maximum bending stress:
Section properties (from Appendix B):
I = 301 106 mm 4
d = 356 mm

S = 1,690 103 mm3


Maximum bending moment magnitude
Mmax = 210.88281 kN-m
Bending stresses at maximum moment
(210.88281 kN-m)(356 mm/2)(1,000) 2
x =
301 106 mm 4
= 124.7 MPa
or, using the tabulated value for the section
modulus:
(210.88281 kN-m)(1,000) 2
x =
1,690 103 mm3

= 124.8 MPa

Ans.

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