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BIOL 1010 Exam #1 Take Home portion

Orton

Name: Kaelind Orton

NAME: Kaelind

YOU MUST ANSWER IN THE SPACE PROVIDED. You may want to use
pdfescape.com

1) DESCRIBE TWO of the Emergent Properties of life and explain why they are
emergent. (2 points)
-Reproduction: all living things reproduce, without being able to reproduce that
species will become extinct. Live only comes from life.
- Energy Utilization: Organisms take in energy in order to live everyday life and be
able to do what is necessary to survive.

2) If you suddenly realized that your car keys were missing, how would you use
the scientific method to address the problem? Make sure to list all the steps.
(3 points)
After I had observed and noticed that my keys were gone I would then question
where could they be? And, how did I lose them? And possibly more similar
questions. After I have asked those questions I would come up with a hypothesis, or
some theory about what I think happened. After coming up with a possible
conclusion I test it by going somewhere or/and looking somewhere where I believe
the keys could be. After that I would determine if the hypothesis was correct if so I
am done, if not I would start over with a completely new hypothesis until I come up
with the right theory.

3) HYPOTHESES are easier to disprove than to prove. Explain. (2 points)
Every theory starts off with the possibility of it not being true. In order to
disprove something all you need to do is find one thing that the theory you’re
testing is not true. In order to prove something you need lists of facts to be able to
know for sure that it is true.

4) Describe what it is about the chemistry of CARBON atoms that allows organic
molecules to be so large and complex? Would any other ELEMENT be able to
substitute for carbon? Explain. (HINT: talk about energy levels, orbitals,
electrons and bonds.) (2 points)
Carbon makes up all of the complex molecules bonded with other elements like
nitrogen, oxygen and others. Carbon is able to bond with these because of its
four valence electrons. Carbon is actually pretty small in size which makes it
easier for enzymes to copy the molecules of carbon. Silicon is believed to be

warmth.Protein. 5) Draw a nitrogen atom (atomic number 7 and mass number 15) showing the protons. Draw an example of each. 7) List three types of POLYMERS found in cells. Fats and fatty acids are the subunit of lipids. these break down into sugars such as glucose.Lipids. cleaning up the waste and maintaining balance. . (3 points) Dehydration forms polymers by connecting or joining together monomers. fructose. During this process one H group and one OH group are taken out and combine to create a water and then a bond links the two monomers together. and solid form. list the subunits that make up each type and explain what functions they have in cells. The hydrogen bonds are covalently bonded and oxygen has two pairs of electrons which allows the water molecule to take liquid.Polysaccharides. like. Simple Sugars are the subunit of polysaccharides. making it able to form four bonds. lipids or fats provide the body with energy. shaping the cell. (2 points) 6) Describe the structure of a WATER molecule and explain how that structure allows water to have some unique properties. creating a polymer. etc. . and provide a common energy source. Without lipids we wouldn’t be able to digest our food correctly. just like carbon can. neutrons and electrons. (3 points) . . Amino acids are the subunit of protein. 8) Explain the rolls of dehydration and hydrolysis as they apply to the formation and breakdown of polymers.able to be a substitute for carbon because it has the same number of electrons in its outside shell. and create hormones. (2 points) Water molecules have one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms. gas. Also. They also receive signals and send and help response to those signals. proteins in the cells have a lot of tasks that they have to do in order for the cell to survive.

the harder it is for things to pass through and the harder it is for the cell to feed itself enough to live and function properly. The polymer is then split into two monomers and we’re back to where we started. Golgi apparatus: makes protein. It separates or breaks an already formed polymer into a monomer by putting the water back into the polymer and separating it into an H group and a OH group. . One side takes the oxygen and the other takes the hydroxyl. It’s main function is to make hormones and lipids.Hydrolysis is the opposite of dehydration. Mitochondria: creates energy and is referred to the ‘power house’ 10) Explain why cells have to be small. The reason behind it being called “rough” is because of the ribosomes in it. 9) Describe the cellular role for the following structures: (4 points) Nucleus: the role of the nucleus is to keep control over the genes and the activities of the cell. The bigger the cell. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum: this organelle is found in both plant and animal cells. It is the control center of the cell. (2 points) Cells must remain small in order to live and survive.