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Crash Course to Darija (Moroccan Arabic) *This guide is not meant to be a direct translation of Darija-English, or a comprehensive guide to Darija. It is meant only as a phonetic representation of words that I think are most useful for a non-Arabic speaking person visiting Morocco. Please understand that this is not enough for you to converse with Moroccans, but only the very basics. Greetings and Introductions Hello: Salaam Uwalaykum. [If you’re in a hurry, Salaam is also acceptable.] How are you? (to a man): Kidayr? How are you? (to a woman): Kidayra? Are you well?: Labas? I am well: Labas. Good, thanks: Bikhir, shukran. What is your name?: Shnu smitk? My name is…: Smiti… Nice to meet you!: Emtshar-fin. Good morning: Sbah L’khir Good bye!: Bis-slama God help you (said like good bye): Lah-Eawn Important Questions Excuse me (to a man): Smeh-li Excuse me (to a woman): Smeh-liya Where is…: Fin…. Where is the toilet?: Fin il’bit l-ma? Where is the bank?: Fin il’bank? Is it possible? (like “can I”: Wash momkin? Important Phrases Please: Eafak I want to go to…: Bghit n-mshi… Stop: Wakf I: Ana My: Dyali I’m sick (female speaker): Ana mreda I’m sick (male speaker): Ana mred I don’t understand: Maf-hamtsh Did you understand?: Wash f-hamtish? You didn’t understand? Ma-fham-tish? I don’t know: Ma-erfsh Repeat (to a man): Eawd Repeat (to a woman): Eawdi I’m tired (female speaker): Ana eyana I’m tired (male speaker): Ana eyan I have: Eandi… Are you hungry?: Wash fik jue? I am hungry: Fiya jue I am not hungry: Ma-fiyash jue God willing: In-sha’allah And: oo (as in hoot) Or: ula Showing Gratitude Thank you: Shukran That is great/beautiful/lovely/handsome: Zwin or zwina (masculine/feminine, but if you don’t know the gender, the point will come across with either one) Thanks be to God: Hamdulah or Hamduliliah You’re welcome: Blaj-mil or haniya No problem: Meshi mushkil Eating with Neighbors Food: Lmakla Delicious!: Bnin I am full: Shbet No, thank you: La, shukran More please: Zidni, eafak To your health: Bis-shaa And to yours (response to above): Lah-itikseha Numbers 1: Wahed 2: jooj 3: tlaeta 4: r-baa 5: khamsa 6: sstaa 7: ssbeaa 8: temniya 9: tseud 10: eshra A lot: Bzaaf A little: shwiya Shopping: Corner store: Hanut Weekly large market: Souq Milk: Helib Bread: khobs Butter: Zibda Coffee: Kahuwa Apples: Tfah Bananas: Banan Beef: Bagri Chicken: Djej Onions: Bisla Potatoes: Batata Carrots: Khizu Tea: A-tay Peanuts: Caucau Yogurt: Danon Tissues: Kleenex Cough drops: Halls Pads (feminine product): Always (as in the brand) I want: Bghit Give me (used like “can I have”): Etini How much?: Bish-hal? Money: Floos Other important things:  The name of the currency is dirham, and there are roughly 10 dirhams to one US dollar  People also quote prices in “ryals,” which is an old currency. There are 20 ryals in a dirham, so it’s equivalent to receiving the price in nickels. For example, a 100 ryal kilogram of apples is 5 dirham, or $0.50. A 400 ryal shirt is 20 dirham, or $2.00.  French will usually work, especially in the big cities and for basic things.  Most people will appreciate even one or two words in Darija, so don’t be shy!  In the big cities, it is likely that someone around you speaks at least a little English.  Arabic has different letters than the English/Latin alphabet. In this list, I have modified the letters to make sense to an American reader. However, some of the letters do not translate perfectly. Consequentially, sometimes you will say a word “perfectly,” and someone will not understand you. For example, I still can’t manage say “eggs” correctly. However, this list is, in my opinion, a pretty good phonetic representation of the most common words and phrases, and most people should understand.  The letters that are hard, but most important (in my opinion): o “gh” should sound a bit like a gargle, or a deeper version of the French “r” o “kh” is like the ch in yech. It is deep in your throat.  Want more? Some books that are popular amongst Peace Corps volunteers are: o “Shnoo the Hell is Going on H’naa? A Practical Guide to Learning Moroccan Darija” (Shnoo means what, and H’naa means here) o Lonely Planet’s Phrasebook: “Moroccan Arabic.”  Other good Into to Morocco books: o Culture Shock: Morocco (this is my absolute favorite, I still go back to it) o The Rough Guide to Morocco o Lonely Planet: Travel Guide to Morocco