985 views

Uploaded by api-258903855

© All Rights Reserved

- NRC Canada Environmental Pollution by Microwave Radiation - Potential Threat to Human Health 1973
- Physics Sylabus
- Orna M. V. - The chemical history of color
- newtonian physics part (a)- Nisha Khan
- High Level Summary On Blackbody Radiation
- Gpx Physics
- Calculation of the Effect of Many-Cavity Structures (Cell Structures)
- Intro Radiation Atom-2013!01!31a
- light information for school and colleges
- as91171 mechanics
- theory_microwave_technology
- Waves
- physics stg6 syl 03
- 72 Syllabus 1S AY 14-15
- dual nature of radiaiton
- Lesson Plan in Science 10
- psu teacher work sample
- What is Light
- Physics Electromagnetic Waves
- Igcse Formula

You are on page 1of 62

FOR NURSING

RN PRE-ENTRANCE

EXAM REVIEW

PHYSICS

SECTIONS:

1.Vectors

2.Mechanics

3.Newtons Laws

4.Wave

5.Optics

6.Electricity

7.Magnetism

8.Thermodynamics

VECTORS

Shows Magnitude and Direction

Scalar

Magnitude ONLY

Speed

Distance

Time

Volume

Density

Length

Mass

Temperature

Vector

Direction and Magnitude

Velocity

Displacement

Acceleration

Force

Weight

Momentum

h/i Temperature

u

vv

Magnitude = Length

Basics of Vectors

to the horizontal

Adding Vectors:

Head to Tail

Vector U + Vector V= U+V

Terminal point- where vector ends

Standard Position vector starts at

origin

Subtracting Vectors:

Tail to Tail

Vector U Vector V= U-V

Forces acting on objects are vectors!

Resultant Forces:

Combination of 2 or more forces in the same plane.

Fresultant =F1 + F2 + . + Fn

Example 1:

Fresultant = (10) + (20) = 30 N

Example 2

a. Fresultant = (-20) + (40) = 20N

b. Fresultant= (-20) + (20) = 0 N

Friction:

A force that holds back the

direction of movement.

Solids only

Resistance occurs in gases and

liquids

Example:

X- Direction:

Fnet = F1+ F2 -Ffriction

Speed vs Velocity

unit of time

Velocity- Speed in a given

direction

Acceleration/ Deceleration

Change in velocity over time

Distance vs Displacement

an object has covered" during

its motion.

Displacement -How far out of

place an object is

It is the object's overall

change in position.

p=m x v

Force Diagram

Conservation of Momentum:

Total momentum of an isolated system is always constant.

During a collision between two bodies, the momentum of

each body changes, but total momentum is conserved.

Gravity

Gravitational Force- acts on all

objects

Density = mass

Varies with MASS

volume

Fg=m x ag

Acceleration is CONSTANT

ag = -9.8 m/s2

Weight determined by pull of

gravity (weight different on

Earth than moon)

Question:

Weight and Mass

A.

B.

C.

D.

Are the same

Are the result of external forces

Are different

Question:

A vector is in standard position when the initial

point is:

A.

B.

C.

D.

At the origin

Along the x axis

In the lower left quadrant

Along the y axis

Question:

The Law of Conservation of Momentum states:

B. Velocity is dependent on momentum

C. Without outside forces acting on moving

objects, the total momentum remains

constant

D. None of the above

p=m x v

MECHANICS

The Study of Motion

Machines

Simple machines Change magnitude or

direction of a force.

Requires only force of a human to do work

Types:

1. Inclined Plane

2. Wedge

3. Lever

5. Screw

6. Pulley

No machine can be 100% efficient

due to friction. Some energy is

always lost (heat).

Efficiency - ratio of work in to

work out.

Compound Machine

Energy

Energy (E)- the ability to do work.

Energy in Motion.

Ability to do work by moving other bodies.

KE= mv2

Potential Energy (PE)

Energy stored in body due to its position.

PE greater on roof of building vs first floor.

PE = mgh

Work (W)

Transfer of energy that makes object move

Power (P)

The rate at which work is done.

Power = Force X Distance = Work

Time

Time

Hookes Law:

The Law of Elasticity

The force needed to stretch or compress a spring some distance s

proportional to that distance.

F=-kx

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dnebaW-a338

Question:

Machines may be used for all the following

purposes except to:

A.Multiply Force

B.Increase Energy

C.Transform Energy

D.Multiply Velocity

Question:

A mom and her ten year old child lift identical

bowling balls from the floor to the top of a table.

Which person did the most work?

A.Mom

B.Child

C.Both worked an equal amount

D.Not enough information

Work = Force X Distance

Force = Mass X Acceleration

NEWTONS LAWS

Inertia . F=ma . Action-Reaction

INERTIA

An object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the

same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.

An object at rest stays at rest unless acted upon by an outside force.

Inertia - resistance an object has to a change in its state of motion.

Inertia increases as mass increases.

F=ma

Force = Mass X Acceleration

Acceleration of an object is dependent upon two variables

the net force acting upon the object and the mass of the object.

Action/ Reaction

For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

In every interaction, there is a pair of forces acting on the two interacting objects.

The size of the forces on the first object equals the size of the force on the second object.

https://youtu.be/mn34mnnDnKU

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mn34mnnDnKU

Question:

Newtons Law is used in the study of:

A. Mechanics

B. Electricity

C. Thermodynamics

D. Optics

What is the mass of the object?

A.

B.

C.

D.

0.4 kg

2.0 kg

1.0 kg

25.0 kg

F= m X a

5N= m X 5m/s2

m= 5N/ 5m/s2

m= 1.0 kg

WAVES

Disturbance that Flows through a Medium

Transverse Waves- vibrates at right

angle to direction of travel. (water,

light)

Longitudinal Wave- vibrates along

path wave travels. (sound)

Parts of a Wave:

Amplitude- Max distance

wave rises or falls. ENERGY

(brightness, loudness)

Frequency- How often a

cycle (period) repeats itself.

Measured in Hertz (Hz)

made up of Photons.

ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUMComplete spectrum of light

electromagnetic Spectrum

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE

ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM:

Transverse waves that carry

charged particles (light,

microwaves, etc.)

Motion of particles is

Perpendicular (

) to the

direction of wave motion

Doppler Effect:

relation to the observer moving

relative to the source.

frequency.

waves amplitude

src="https://www.youtube.com/em

bed/h4OnBYrbCjY"

frameborder="0"

allowfullscreen></iframe>

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v

=h4OnBYrbCjY

Question:

The number of complete waves passing a given

point per unit of time is:

A. Frequency

B. Crest

C. Wavelength

D. Period

Question:

An electromagnetic wave can be represented by:

A. Microwaves

B. Sound Waves

C. X-Rays

D. Radar Waves

E. A,B,C

F. None of the Above

OPTICS

Behavior of Light

Light is made of PHOTONS

Light is an Electromagnetic Wave

Speed of Light (c) = 3.0 X 108 m/s

medium it hits:

1. Transparent all light through (clear

glass, clear water)

2. Translucent Some light passes through

(stained glass, cloudy water)

3. Opaque light absorbed or reflected

(wood, metal)

Dispersion

Separate Light into

different colors

Change in the angle of

refraction

Reflection

Uneven Surfaces scatter

light (Diffusion)

diffusion

Refraction

Bending of light as it

goes to another

medium with

different density.

Lenses

Lens- Any transparent material

that refracts light.

Focal Point- Point

where light rays meet.

Convex Lens:

Thicker in center than the

edges

Light bends in toward center

Images are bigger than the

object

Concave Lens:

Thicker on edges than middle

Light diverges (bent toward

thicker part of lens)

Images are smaller than the

object

Law of Reflection:

The angle of incident is equal to

the angle of reflection; the

incident, reflected, and normal

rays all lie in the same plane.

Question:

A particle of light is called:

A. Proton

B. Positron

C. Photon

D. Electron

Question:

In Einsteins equation E=mc2 what does the c

represent?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Number of coulombs

Number of calories of heat

The speed of light

which type of material:

A. Translucent

B. Transparent

C. Opaque

D. All of the above

ELECTRICITY

Flow of Electric Charge

Positive (+) and Negative (-)

Unlike charges attract

Electrical Potential EnergyGravitational force associated

with objects position

energy

Static ElectricityAccumulation of extra electrons

creating a negative charge.

Coulombs Law:

Electric force between two charges is

proportional to the product of two

charges.

doubled.

If both charges doubled, charge increases

4X.

When distance between charges doubles,

force decreases by of the original force.

When two forces are brought closer

together, force increases.

Circuits

Current is measured in Amp or A

Voltage is measured in Volt or V

Resistance is measured in Ohm or W

conductor:

1. Type of material 3. Temperature

2. Length

4. Thickness

Schematic- recipe for how to build a circuit

Series

Parallel

I = I1 = I2 = ... = In

V = V1 = V2 = ... = Vn

component

ET= V1 + V2 + .

RT = R1 + R2 +

component

V=IR

IT= I1 + I2 + ..

RT=1/RT = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + .

Question:

The current in a parallel battery is equal to:

A.The current in the largest battery

B.The difference of the largest and smallest battery

C.The sum of all battery components

D.Current minus resistance

Question:

The resistance of a wire is dependent on all

the following except:

A.Length

B.Temperature

C.Voltage

D.Material

E.Cross-Sectional Area

a conductor:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Type of material

Length

Temperature

Thickness

MAGNETISM

Magnetic Fields

Magnets

-Material that produces a magnetic field

-A force of attraction

-North and South pole

-Attracts opposite

-Repels similar

Iron shavings following a magnetic field

Magnetic Fields

-Exist whenever electric charges are moving

-Overall strength measured by Magnetic Flux (F)

-Magnetic Field (B) is the density of Magnetic Flux

-Vector Field

Electromagnets

A coil of tightly wrapped wire (solenoid)

around an iron core.

When current passes through the core,

iron acts as a magnet.

Generators

When the moving charges are in a wire that

loops, a torque results.

Converts mechanical energy into electrical

energy.

Question:

To strengthen an electromagnet:

A.Decrease the number of coils around core

B.Increase the number of coils around core

C.Lower the voltage

D.Change core from Iron to Aluminum

Question:

What will determine the presence of a

magnetic force field:

A.

B.

C.

D.

Compass

Iron Nails

Magnet

All of the Above

THERMODYNAMICS

Physical Properties on the Molecular Level

Thermodynamics

Branch of physics concerned with

heat and temperature and their

relation to energy and work.

(Atoms in Motion)

Atoms in matter are in a constant

state of motion. The motion and

spacing of atoms determines the

state of matter.

Pressure- impulses of molecules

colliding with wall of a container.

Temperature- average KE of particles

in substance.

temperature of one gram by 1o

Latent Heat- heat energy needed to

create a phase change.

Phase Diagram:

PV=nRT

Boyles Law: hP iV :: iP hV

P1 V 1 = P 2 V 2

Charles's Law: hV hT :: hV hT

V1 = V2

T1 T2

Question:

The vaporization of solid dry ice to gaseous carbon

dioxide by heating is an example of:

A. Sublimation

B. Evaporation

C. Precipitation

D. Condensation

Question:

The heat required to melt 1 kg of a solid is the:

A.

B.

C.

D.

Heat of Evaporation

Heat of Fusion

Heat of Vaporization

Specific Heat

Mary Higgs

mhiggs@irsc.edu

ASC Tutor

- NRC Canada Environmental Pollution by Microwave Radiation - Potential Threat to Human Health 1973Uploaded byMA-Doc
- Physics SylabusUploaded bydimitar
- Orna M. V. - The chemical history of colorUploaded byPBS
- newtonian physics part (a)- Nisha KhanUploaded bynisha khan1
- High Level Summary On Blackbody RadiationUploaded byMarcela Reyna
- Gpx PhysicsUploaded byChaudhary Rahul Singh
- Calculation of the Effect of Many-Cavity Structures (Cell Structures)Uploaded bysadang
- Intro Radiation Atom-2013!01!31aUploaded byKeri Gobin Samaroo
- light information for school and collegesUploaded byRaja Das
- as91171 mechanicsUploaded byapi-234087587
- theory_microwave_technologyUploaded byapi-19807868
- WavesUploaded byMark Prochaska
- physics stg6 syl 03Uploaded byapi-284752912
- 72 Syllabus 1S AY 14-15Uploaded byRaymond Aguilar
- dual nature of radiaitonUploaded byAditya Khandelwal
- Lesson Plan in Science 10Uploaded byRyan Aldrin Putong
- psu teacher work sampleUploaded byapi-330270388
- What is LightUploaded byIvy Joan Dasayon Langkit
- Physics Electromagnetic WavesUploaded byAbilraj Purathetharayil
- Igcse FormulaUploaded byGajendra
- step 2 to recognize the electrodynamic and waves applicationsUploaded byalex de armas
- PHYSICS.docxUploaded byAnonymous ikYXs3cvs
- 2008 Mode Coupling in Living Systems Implications for Biology and MedicineUploaded byBlagoje
- Test Format Light & WaveUploaded byDewan Olin Chotepadae
- sUploaded byJazz
- Sub Health AnalyserUploaded byceorajan
- Physics Em WavesUploaded byMaria Mercedes
- CD and Cm of a Vertical CylinderUploaded bypraveench1888
- Module 1 - Waves Properties and BehaviourUploaded byKritik Pant
- Properties of WavesUploaded byEric Chew

- tone and purpose - ascUploaded byapi-258903855
- gas law equationsUploaded byapi-258903855
- relation betw intermolecular forcesUploaded byapi-258903855
- gas lawsUploaded byapi-258903855
- lewis structuresUploaded byapi-258903855
- sta2023ch4slidesUploaded byapi-258903855
- sta2023 chapter3slidesUploaded byapi-258903855
- nln general science a p review presentationUploaded byapi-258903855
- isotopesUploaded byapi-258903855
- metric conversionsUploaded byapi-258903855
- identify-solve ksp prob assoc w ionic compUploaded byapi-258903855
- conjugate acids- bases-mm2Uploaded byapi-258903855
- identify lewis acids-bases-coordinate covalent bonded compoundsUploaded byapi-258903855
- solving ph-ka-kb problemsUploaded byapi-258903855
- solving ph-ka-kb problemsUploaded byapi-258903855
- ideal gas law problemsUploaded byapi-258903855
- solving limited reactant problems using mole ratio methodsUploaded byapi-258903855
- solving acid-base titration problems 2Uploaded byapi-258903855
- solve equilibrium problems using an ice tableUploaded byapi-258903855
- le chetelier practice problemsUploaded byapi-258903855
- le chateliers principleUploaded byapi-258903855
- solv buffer sol prob w-o iceUploaded byapi-258903855
- solve buffer solution probUploaded byapi-258903855
- lewis structure tableUploaded byapi-258903855
- lewis structuresUploaded byapi-258903855
- solving limited reactant problems using mole ratio methodsUploaded byapi-258903855
- simplify x values in ka and kb problemsUploaded byapi-258903855
- solve ka and kb problems using ice methodsUploaded byapi-258903855
- net ionic equationsUploaded byapi-258903855

- Free Fall LessonUploaded byJennifer Bunquin
- AEEM-728 Introduction to Ultrasonics Lecture NotesUploaded bySuprabh Shankaran
- SHM Sums and SolutionsUploaded byYatn Bangad
- Topic 4.2 - Traveling WavesUploaded byPaul Amezquita
- Solve Cavitating Flow Around a 2D Hydrofoil With Inter Phase Change FoamUploaded byAghajani
- peka sci f5 q2Uploaded byEli Zah
- paper_1_12889_997Uploaded byMohammad Keyhani
- OCR MEI DE CourseworkUploaded bypiguy
- Test 2 – Gravitation – Level - MediumUploaded byVeenus Girdhar
- expt_09Uploaded byAditi
- Instantaneous AccelerationUploaded byVivekNarang
- Jntu Anan i Year Enggmecha Set 2Uploaded byprasaad08
- Angular DisplacementUploaded bySaad Shabbir
- Architectural Acoustics Unit 1Uploaded bynawin1234
- Hand Out 6 Problem Set 5Uploaded byPadmassun Ixznzi
- Porter GovernorUploaded byC V CHANDRASHEKARA
- 11_physics_vbq_2014_KVSUploaded bySaritha Ramanadh
- ms ess ss 04 08 14Uploaded byapi-371840203
- force and motion lesson planUploaded byapi-138454924
- Floor VibrationsUploaded byscchung
- 8b-Fluids Fr Practice ProblemsUploaded bydilsharakavi
- Hidraulik-hydrostatic Pressure ApparatusUploaded byMohd Amran
- lec6_wavespectraUploaded byMekchu Tran
- Ist Year FLP 2 Physics CompleteUploaded byRana Hassan Tariq
- A Method for Predicting Helicopter Hub DragUploaded byPeter Ijaramendi
- Asst 16 Projectile Motion AnsUploaded byJackie Swift Funtanilla
- Force Spectra ManualUploaded bymansyur arta
- Study of Air Flow Over 2D Circular Cylinder Mario MondalUploaded byNirman Mario
- 9 - 2 - Traveling the Galaxy, Part 1 (15-49, High-Def) (1)Uploaded byDey Sanz
- paperUploaded bysamik4u