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Quick Guide into ISO 14692

for GRE pipe and fittings

1. Introduction
The ISO (International Standards Organization) 14692 standard is an international
standard dealing with the qualification, manufacturing, design and installation of
GRE piping systems. This document gives a brief summary of the ISO 14692 standard
only and is not intended to replace the ISO 14692 standard.

To ensure a trouble free GRE piping system, three
important conditions must be met:
1. Use qualified products
2. Proper system design
3. Install according to manufacturers
standards and guidelines
The above mentioned three points are addressed in the
ISO 14692 Standard in Part 2, Part 3 and Part 4, respectively.


System design
Troublefree pipe

Figure 1. The key to success

1. Introduction
What is ISO 14692?
Part 1: Vocabulary, Symbols, Applications and Materials
Part 2: Qualification of Components
Part 3: System Design
Part 4: Fabrication, Installation and Operation
7. Conclusion
ISO in Brief
9. References
10. Deviations List to the ISO Quality Program


engineering companies. the standard is certainly difficult . expensive tests are required . from design through manufacture to operation. The ISO 14692 consists of four parts: Part 1: Vocabulary.e. manufacture. It describes how to qualify and manufacture GRP/GRE pipe and fittings. norms. Accepted by all engineering companies. Everybody speaks the same language The disadvantages of the ISO 14692 standard are: . ISO 14692-4. on the basis of this design examination statement. manufacturers. how to conduct system design. NOV Fiber Glass Systems has obtained a Design Examination Statement from DNV. i. testing and installation of GRP/GRE piping systems in other similar applications found onshore. applications and materials Part 2: Qualification and manufacture Part 3: System design Part 4: Fabrication. 2 . third party inspection companies and governments . Expensive quality control requirements. Each part is therefore aimed at the relevant parties involved in that particular case. installers. In cases where the specifications conflict. follow each individual phase in the life cycle of a GRP/GRE piping system. Main users of the ISO 14692 document are: governments. Photo 1. Needs thorough studying. Main engineering and installation of GRP/GRE issues are handled .2. installation and operation ISO 14692-2. It is primarily intended for offshore applications on both fixed and floating topsides facilities but also may be used as guidance for the specification. installation and operation. Therefore. AWWA M45 covers the design and installation of buried pipe systems. Together these specifications cover all design and installation aspects. end users. ISO 14692 covers the design of suspended pipe systems and the qualification of GRP/GRE products. the ISO 14692 supersedes the AWWA. the scope can include both applications of GRP/GRE piping systems onshore (buried and suspended). joints and pipes for certain applications. Allows everybody to have the same understanding . This examination statement consists of a combination of two specifications namely: ISO 14692 and AWWA M45. ISO 14692-3. Standardizing principles. and finally it gives guidelines for fabrication. inspection companies. working methods . symbols. Platform under construction The advantages of the ISO 14692 standard are: .Accepted in Europe by convention of Vienna and equal to CEN-standards . For qualification. is an international standard dealing with the qualification of fittings. What is ISO 14692? ISO 14692.

e. applications and materials • Impregnate = Saturate the reinforcement with a resin • LTHP = Extrapolated long-term mean static failure pressure of a component with free ends based on a 20-year lifetime • Part factor f1 = Ratio of the 97.g. Depending on location. consideration should be given to increasing the minimum wall thickness to 5 mm. bending Furthermore. in millimetres. What has to be done to qualify a GRP/GRE piping system? For each product family (component type). i. the nature of the application and the consequence of failure • Part factor f3 = Factor that takes account of non-pressure-related axial loads.5% confidence limit of the LTHP to the mean value of LTHP • Part factor f2 = Derating factor related to confidence in the pipe work system. in millimetres. Part 2: Qualification of components Part 2 of the standard gives requirements for the qualification and manufacture of GRP/GRE piping and fittings. in millimetres. The minimum wall thickness of the pipe at the joint. i. at the location of the O-ring or locking-strip groove. Regression curve 3 . tmin.1 where tr is the average reinforced thickness of the wall. Part 1: Vocabulary. of all components shall be defined as: For Di ≥ 100 mm: tmin ≥ 3 mm For Di < 100 mm: ( tmin / Di ) ≥ 0. The test pieces are plain end. for example offshore. 4. Samples are subject to different pressures and held at pressure until failure.1 Wall thickness limitations The structural calculations given in this part of ISO 14692 are only valid for thickness-to-diameter ratios that are in accordance with Equation (1).025 mm 4. shall be at least the minimum thickness used for the qualified pipe body.5% confidence limit of the long-term hydrostatic pressure or stress based on a 20-year lifetime. some general applications for GRP/GRE piping are given. • Jet fire = Turbulent diffusion flame resulting from the combustion of a fuel continuously released with significant momentum in a particular range of directions 4.2 Qualification program An extensive qualification program is required to determine the performance of the GRP/GRE components with respect to pressure. The test consists of at least 18 samples. a full regression line according ASTM D-2992 must be determined (witnessed by third party for example: DNV. For more onerous applications. LCL = 97. A few examples of common used abbreviations are given: • Composite pipe = Pipe manufactured using fiber reinforced thermoset plastics • GRP = Glass Reinforced Plastics • GRE = Glass Reinforced Epoxy • Lower confidence limit. chemical resistance. Figure 2. of the structural portion of the wall.e. definitions and symbols used. where Di is the internal diameter of the reinforced wall of the component. excluding liner and added thickness for fire protection. the system design pressure and other design factors can significantly increase the required wall thickness. Bureau Veritas). In order to provide sufficient robustness during handling and installation.e. The test setup is a closed end pressure vessel. impact etc. fire performance. electrostatic performance. the minimum total wall thickness.3. temperature. The first part of the ISO 14692 gives the terms. D is the mean diameter. ( tr / D ) ≤ 0. symbols.

see the ISO document. Table 1. the regression line of the pipe or the fitting is used. 4. The test medium is water. Other aspects to be considered are: the glass transition temperature. 4. elbow. The performance of the piping system shall be qualified in accordance with the ISO procedure and a classification code shall be assigned. In absence of a regression line. The representative samples are called the product sector representatives. Two representative samples. 600 C J P 600 . fire testing shall be conducted on each piping material system. reducer. Spool for 1000 hours testing If required. 4. a default value can be obtained from a table given. 400 B I O 400 . A 20 bar system is tested around 50 to 60 bar. Figure 2 gives an example of a regression line. Overview of elbows needed for qualification up to 8 inch 4 . stress. the 1000 hour test is performed at about 2. Component variants are qualified by either two 1000 hour tests or through the scaling method. A product sector contains all the items within its diameter and pressure range. These are done to establish a baseline value for quality control. For calculation of the test pressure. See Chapter 10 for the list of deviations to the quality program. The performance of the piping system shall be qualified in accordance with the ISO procedure and a classification code shall be assigned.5 Quality program for manufacture The piping manufacturer shall have a suitable and accredited quality assurance and quality control system. if required and agreed with the principle. testing shall be carried out on each piping material system. short-term tests could be performed. These have to be determined from the replicate samples and used by quality control during production as base line values. Photo 3. For quality control.5 to 3 times the design pressure.50 50 . flange) is divided into product sectors. 800 D K Q 800 - 1200 E L R >_ 150 S T Each product family (pipe.The test medium is water at 65 degrees C. usually the largest diameter and highest pressure class. For details on the calculation.3 Fire performance Photo 2.100 100 -150 25 . In general. 250 A H N 250 .4 Electrical conductivity If required. Overview of Product Sectors Diameter (mm) Pressure range (bar) 0 . from each product sector are taken and fully tested according ASTM 1598 (1000 hrs at 65 C). the so called component variants. tee. The failures shall be in different decades of the log-log plot of time vs. the glass resin ratio and component dimensions. The required failure mode is weeping. Pipe and fittings furnished to ISO 14692 shall be tested according to the ISO standard.

A full hydraulic surge analysis shall be carried out if pressure transients are expected. Note that the dimensions of some GRP/GRE fittings can be larger compared to steel fittings. 5. pipe length. fluid density. actuated valves. wash-down hoses. The designer shall evaluate system layout requirements such as: • Space requirement (fitting dimensions) • Piping system support • Vulnerability • The effect of fire (incl. pump testing.4 Hydraulic design The design guidelines are handled in part 3 of ISO 14692. Part 3: System design 5. Overview of Required Qualification Tests Product sector A Component variant 2 inch Component variant 3 inch Component variant 4 inch Component variant 6 inch Product sector representative 8 inch Family representative QC baseline Test standard ASTM D-1598 ASTM D-1598 ASTM D-1598 ASTM D-1598 Pipes 2 or scaling 2 or scaling 2 or scaling 2 or scaling Elbows 2 or scaling 2 or scaling 2 or scaling 2 or scaling Tees 2 or scaling 2 or scaling 2 or scaling 2 or scaling Flanges 2 or scaling 2 or scaling 2 or scaling 2 or scaling ASTM D-2992 ASTM D-2992 ASTM D-1598 2 18 5 2 18 5 2 18 5 2 18 5 5.5 mm) • Valves and heavy equipment to be supported independently • In general. provided the system is well anchored and guided Factors that limit the velocity are: • Unacceptable pressure losses • Prevention of water hammer • Prevent cavitation • Reduction of erosion • Reduction of noise • Pipe diameter and geometry (inertia loading) Fluid velocity. The analysis shall cover all anticipated operating conditions including priming. pressure and temperature throughout their intended service life. The smooth surface of the GRP/ GRE pipe may result in lower pressure losses compared to metal pipe. inside diameter as well as resistance from valves and fittings shall be taken into account when estimating pressure losses. connections to metallic piping systems shall be anchored • Do not use GRP/GRE piping to support other piping • Use the flexibility of the material to accommodate axial ex­pansion. 5 . blast) on the layout requirements should be considered • Control of electrostatic discharge (depending on service and location) The aim of hydraulic design is to ensure that GRP/GRE piping systems are capable of transporting the specified fluid at the specified rate.3 Support distance Recommendations for system support: • Supports spaced to limit sag (< 12. etc.2 Layout requirements In general the same types of fittings available in steel are also available. 5.1 Introduction/abstract 5.Table 2. interior surface roughness of pipe and fittings.

medium..7 Fire performance The fire performance requirements of the piping system shall be determined. A2 is the de-rating factor for chemical resistance and A3 is the de-rating factor for cyclic service. the loads on the support.term regression line • The non-factored. and earthquake. Installation of 54 km 18 inch pipe. This scaling factor (fscale) is derived using the long. Sustained loads: • Pressure (internal. 5. flame spread. insulation. etc.1 Determination of the failure envelope and the long-term design envelope In the ISO14692 document. etc. • Determine the short-term failure envelope (1 or 2) • The idealized long-term failure envelope (3) is geometrically similar to the short-term envelope with all data points being scaled. toxicity) If piping cannot satisfy the required fire properties. the following shall be considered: • Rerouting of piping • Use alternative materials • Apply suitable fire-protective coating 5.) • Thermal induced loads • Soil loads and soil subsidence Occasional loads: • Earthquake • Wind • Water hammer Caesar II (by Coade) is commonly used to perform stress and flexibility analysis. the load on equipment nozzles etc. pressure rating 20 bar 5.5.6 Stress analysis The aim of structural design is to ensure that GRP/GRE piping systems shall sustain all stresses and deformations during construction/installation and throughout the service life. hydro-test) • Mass (self-mass. where A1 is the de-rating factor for temperature. an algorithm is given how to determine the failure envelope and how the long-term design envelope is developed. smoke and heat release.5. long-term design envelope (4) is based on the idealized long term envelope multiplied by the part factor f2 • The factored long-term design envelope (5) is derived by multiplication with A1. external. Fire performance is characterized in two properties: • Fire endurance (ability to continue to perform during fire) • Fire reaction (ignition time. wind load. Load-cases can be setup from combinations of pressure. weight. The sum of all hoop stresses and the sum of all axial stresses in any component in the piping system shall lie within the longterm design envelope. Piping system design shall represent the most severe conditions experienced during installation and service life. Designers shall consider loads given in Table 1 in the ISO document. With the calculation output. the stresses in the piping system. displacement. 6 . Manual or computer methods can be used for structural analysis of piping systems.8 Static electricity The use of a conductive piping system might be considered in case the GRP/GRE piping system is running in a hazardous area or if the pipe is carrying fluids capable of generating electrostatic charges. Allowable stress curve Photo 4. Figure 3. vacuum. can be checked. temperature. the displacement. A2 and A3. The piping system can be evaluated for several load-cases.5 Structural design 5.

Take care that impact damage is prevented by proper packaging and use of protection material. In all cases pipe spools should not be stacked • Adhesives. shall be stored in a cool place. who is responsible for the construction of the GRP/GRE pipe system. Past experience with GRP/GRE projects shows that a great deal of the problems that occur are associated with bad fabrication and installation. certification) Handling and storage of the incoming goods • Use the NOV Fiber Glass Systems lifting. pipe should be transported in containers or crates Photo 6. end protection of pipe and fittings • Preferably. These tests are witnessed 7 . Pay attention to the stacking of the pipe.2 Installer requirements When site fabrication is needed. Typical work of a GRE pipe fitter Training of pipe fitter • The quality of the joints is mainly dependent on craftsmanship of the pipe fitter. QA/QC Inspector Person who is able to check and judge the work of contractor and is able to globally verify the soundness of the installation. DNV. Person working for a contractor.1 Inspection It starts with checking the incoming goods • Check supplied quantity • Check nominal dimensions of supplied material • Check supplied pressures class • Perform a visual control of supplied material (transport damage. This certificate can be compared to a welder’s certificate. This includes lay-out related matters such as support construction and location.2. In the case of NOV Fiber Glass Systems. This person is normally employed by the responsible contractor.1 Introduction Part 4 of ISO 14692 gives requirements and recommen­dations for fabrication. Can be employed by client. Therefore. Lloyds). This certificate is a personal certificate. impact) • Check if storage is correct • Check availability of documentation (packing lists. flange connections etc. loading and unloading procedure • Storage.2 Fabrication and installation What further can be done to prevent site problems? 6. all GRP/GRE components shall A highly recommended approach to a successful installation is be installed by qualified GRP/GRE pipe fitters and thereafter to order the piping system as a set of pre-fabricated spools. Photo 5.6. for example as a foreman. free from UV radiation. Part 4: Fabrication. The practical part will end with making a joint that will be hydro-tested according the requirements of the ISO 14692.2. the maximum extent possible. gaskets etc. must be able to make the relevant joint types according NOV Fiber Glass Systems procedures. chemicals etc 6. • Pipe spools. This will reduce the possibility of poor fabrications or repairs at a very late and potentially costly Definitions: Pipe fitter stage of the project. installation and operation 6. to approved by a qualified GRP/GRE piping inspector. installation and operation of GRP/GRE pipe systems. contractor. This certificate is a personal certificate. third party (BV. Check recommended storage temperatures • O-rings. ISO 14692 demands that the qualification organization is independent of the organization that carries out the training. support width and stacking height. the independent organization is DNV. The training consists of a theoretical and a practical part • The theoretical part will end with a written exam for which a 70% pass mark is required. Supervisor Person who is responsible for the quality of the installation and is able to check the quality of the work done by the pipe fitters. Hydro-test of spool 6.

The most important point is that all piping shall be installed so that they are stress-free. The examination committee will be DNV. batch number of the adhesive and heating blanket.g. Quality program for installation The contractor shall maintain a high level of inspection to ensure • Misaligned joints > replace components (major defect) compliance with all requirements. ambient temperature. as they have in contrast to most institutes a large knowledge obtained over decades. 6.3 Maintenance and repair GRP/GRE pipes are generally maintenance free..QA/QC inspector based on ISO 14692 requirements. are given in the ISO document.: • Impact > replace (major defect) or repair (minor defect) 6.5 Visual inspection Visual inspection shall be carried out on all joints and surfaces. When passing both exams the pipe fitter will receive a pipe fitter certificate issued by DNV • The purpose of the entire training is to teach the pipe fitter those things he or she can have influence on Training of Supervisor .QA/QC inspector on a GRE pre-fabrication and installation job. Water shall be used as a test medium. in this particular area.4 System testing All GRP/GRE piping systems shall be hydrostatically pressure tested after installation. and hydro testing in such a way that they can act as Supervisor . relative humidity. measured temperature of the heating blanket. ageing and erosion • Flange cracks and leaks .QA/QC inspectors on aspects like storage. but the following points shall be given attention during inspection and are addressed in the ISO document: • Removal of scale and blockages • Electrical conductivity • Surface and mechanical damage • Chalking. Supporting • Follow the installation guides from the Manufacturer • Other guidelines not different from the NOV Fiber Glass Systems procedures are given in the ISO 14692 Installation General requirements are given in ISO 14692 for the installation of GRP/GRE components such as bending. 8 6. The certificate that can be obtained will be a personal certificate. Spool fabrication shop Record of following items shall be made: Starting and end time of the curing process.2. earthing of conductive piping.3 Installation methods Installation method shall be according manufacturers approved installation manual. bolt-torquing. along with acceptance criteria and corrective actions. The contractor shall designate remake joint (minor defect) one individual to be responsible for quality control throughout the installation. The educating company will be NOV Fiber Glass Systems. jointing. Photo a third party. tolerances. supporting.2. etc.QA/QC inspector • NOV Fiber Glass Systems and DNV are developing an individual certification for Supervisor . pipe fitter name. An important factor is that they also learn what can go wrong. inspection of pipes and fittings. The objective is to train Supervisor . joint selection. Possible defects. joint number. quality control. date.2. 6. E.

Symbols. one per country. government and society. 8. Installation and Operation. from all regions of the world. When the guidelines laid down in the ISO 14692 standard are followed. Conclusion ISO 14692 is a worldwide accepted standard for the manufacturing. ISO standards are widely respected and accepted by public and private sectors internationally. ISO is a non-governmental organization. adopts them by transparent procedures based on national input and delivers them to be implemented worldwide. It is a federation of national standards bodies from over 149 countries. it will result in a trouble-free pipe system. qualification. Applications and Materials. References • ISO 14692-1 Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries Glass-Reinforced Plastics (GRP) Piping Part 1: Vocabulary. • ISO 14692-3 Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries Glass-Reinforced Plastics (GRP) Piping Part 3: System Design. ISO standards distill an international consensus from the roadest possible base of stakeholder groups. 9. • ISO 14692-2 Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries Glass-Reinforced Plastics (GRP) Piping Part 2: Qualification and Manufacture.7. – – – – 9 . Expert input comes from those closest to the need for the standards and also those responsible for implementing them. develops them in partnership with the sectors that will put them in use. design and installation of GRP/ GRE piping systems. although voluntary. In this way. • ISO 14692-4 Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries Glass-Reinforced Plastics (GRP) Piping Part 4: Fabrication. ISO in brief ISO is a global network that identifies what international standards are required by business.

p.p. = 130 / 140 dgr. acc.3. Acceptance: 65-77% for filament wound pipe 55-65% for filament wound fittings 8.C Once per shift Degree of cure: DSC according to ISO 11357-2 Determination of a QC baseline on base-resin or component.6 Glass content in accordance with ISO 1172 at a frequency of 1% of c.2.0.0 8.4 Short-term burst test: Agreed with principal Once per three months 8.3.5% • Calibration every two months Standard Mill hydrostatic test 5% of continuous production (c. Deviations list to the ISO quality program ISO 14692-2:2002(E) 8.2. In case of rejected components.3 The principal shall be notified of all repairs No notification 8.3. Frequency of 1% on c.3.2 Visual Inspection: Table 12 and Table A1 of annexure A van ISO 14692-4:2002 ASTM-D-2563 (visual) 8.2.2 8. Min.8. All dimensions and tolerances are in accordance with NOV Fiber Glass Systems product drawings. Acceptance: 70-82% for filament wound pipe 65-75% filament wound fittings 50-65% hand-lay-up fittings In accordance with ASTM-D-2584 at a frequency of once a week random two types. 10 . Reinforced wall thickness is automatically determined by using fixed inside diameter. 1.5 Ongoing pressure tests: yearly 6x 1000 hour.2 8.89 times qualified pressure > 600mm 0.3 NOV Fiber Glass Systems Quality programme for manufacture Calibration Quality Control equipment: Pressure gauges: • Accurate +/.8% 100% will be conducted until the affected range has been determined 8. 8. Only the failed components will be rejected.p.10.3.) =< 600mm 0.0.4 Retesting: by failures of one of both retested components.3.8.3 fitting: a) Internal diameter b) Outside diameter c) Mass d) Minimum total wall thickness e) Reinforced wall thickness f) Laying length NOV Fiber Glass Systems conducts 100% inspection on outside diameter of pipe.5x Design Pressure Spools frequency = 100% (if practicable) 5% (if practicable) • Accurate +/. the whole lot to the latest successful hydrotest shall be rejected.75 times qualified pressure if pressure class > 32 bar = 100% 5% of total production.2 The following dimensions shall be determined in accordance with ASTM D-3567 for 1% of pipe and each & 8. test from at least two product sectors None According to API 15LR.3.

4 Production quality control reports in acc. To avoid rejecting good products. Retest: by failures of one of both retested components. P Fitting one location 9. Pipe and fittings will be marked with: a) Manufacturer’s name b) Not c) Qualified pressure d) Not e) System design pressure f) System design temperature g) Nominal diameter h) Manufacturer’s identification code i) Not 11. 8.9 The following dimensions shall be determined in accordance with ASTM D3567 for 1% of pipe and each fitting: a) Internal diameter b) Maximum outside diameter c) Reinforced wall thickness d) Relevant dimensions as described figure 1 e) Mass NOV Fiber Glass Systems conducts only 100% inspection on laying lengths and directions/ positions Thread dimensions 8. portable water (yes/no).4 8.2 Manufacturing procedure shall be provided if requested by the principal Not allowed by NOV Fiber Glass Systems 11.3. elec­trical conductivity and fire performance classification. the whole batch to the latest successful test shall be rejected.4.3 Records to be maintained by manufacturer: • Hydrotest reports • Dim. ipes 3 locations.1 Markings shall be applied on the pipe and fittings within 1 m of the end.2: a) Manufacturer’s name b) Product line designation c) Qualified pressure d) Temperature at which qualified pressure is determined (default is 65°C). N/A Conductivity 106 Ω (500V) Only the failed components will be rejected. Reports • Tg • Glass content • Short-term burst test report • Long-term test report Documentation available in QC/Engineering file 9.10 Conductivity 105 Ω (100V) 8.+Vis.+ cond.4 shall be provided within five working days or other agreed period Special Manufacturing Record Book 11 . e) System design pressure f) System design temperature g) Nominal diameter h) Manufacturer’s identification code i) Limitations or referenced to installation requirements: permissible bolt torque. NOV Fiber Glass Systems will test all products to trace all affected products. All pipe and fittings shall be permanently marked with details as in Para 9.4.

PE. All brands listed are trademarks of National Oilwell Varco. The Netherlands Phone: +31 345 587 587 Asia Pacific No. Box 17324 Dubai. and it is not intended for design purposes. 7A. National Oilwell Varco in no way assumes responsibility for liability for any loss. damage or injury resulting from the use of information and data © 2013 National Oilwell Varco. TX 78232 USA Phone: +1 210 477 7500 South America Estrada de Acesso à Zona Industrial Portuária de Suape. GEN1030 . s/no.fgspipe.National Oilwell Varco has produced this brochure for general information • fgspipe@nov. UAE Phone: +971 4881 3566 www. Recife. Although every effort has been made to maintain the accuracy and reliability of its contents.February 2013 . All applications for the material described are at the user’s risk and are the user’s responsibility.590-000 Phone: +55 81 3501 0023 Europe P. Tuas Avenue 3 Jurong. North America 17115 San Pedro Avenue Suite 200 San Antonio. Brazil 55. Singapore 639407 Phone: +65 6861 6118 Middle East P. All rights reserved.O. 4190 CA Geldermalsen. Box 6.O.