You are on page 1of 17

DISEO DE LOSAS ALIGERADAS SIN VOLADIZO (RELLENAR DATOS AQUI)

Metrado de cargas
1.1 Cargas permanentes:
Luces a considerar (m)=

1
2
3
4
5

6.00

Peso de la losa aligerada


Peso piso acabado
Peso tabiqueria

4.00

5.00

4.80

Por lo tanto h = (Lmay/25

FL =

1.80

320 kg/m2
100 kg/m2
100 kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
520 kg/m2

TOTAL
1.2 Carga viva:
1 Sobrecarga
2
3
4

350 kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2

TOTAL
2

FD =

Carga ultima de diseo:


U=

Wviga =
WuD =
WuL =

1.50

1410.00 kg/m2

564.00 kg/ml
312.00 kg/ml
252.00 kg/ml

Determinacion de momentos:

3
k1
k2
k3
k4

350 kg/m2

=
=
=
=

OJO
Extremo izquierdo cara interior solo transmite = K
Extremo derecho cara interior solo transmite = K

9.60
14.40
11.52
12.00

*Momentos extremo:
*Momentos medios:

4 DISEANDO CROSS (Usando la combinacion

1
L=
Rig =
Carga U =
Mtos=(WL^2)/(12
Coef. Asumimos
valores negativos a
todos

0.00
0.00
0.00

6.00

6.00

4.00

9.60

7.20

14.40

1.00

0.33

0.67

0.00

564
-1692

564
1692

564
-752

0.00

-1.00

-0.33

-0.67

0.00

-1692

1692

-752

0
-157

0
-313.33

-627

157

78

212

-48

-97

-193

48

24

41

-11

-22

-43

11

10

-3

-5

-10

-0.64

-1

-3

0.64

0.32

0.63

-0.32

-0.63

0.08

0.17

564

0.00
0

-1692
1692
Izq.

Calculo de reacciones, momentos y distancias:

1363.18 -1363
1363 1363
Der.
Izq.

Ri =
Rd =
x(+) =
x'(+) =
M(+) =
xi =
xd =
x=

1746.80 kg
1637.20 kg
3.10 m
2.90 m
1013.06 kg-m
1.20 m
1.01 m
0.15 m
X
0
3.10
6.00

GRAFICOS

Momentos de diseo
Mx =
M'x =
M(+) =

Y
1746.80
0
-1637.20

-1436.33
-1123.95
1013.06

kg-m
kg-m
kg-m

1746.8

2000

2000

1000

1000

DIAGRAMA DE CORTE

1257.38

-1000

-1637.2

X
0
1.20
3.095
4.99
6.00

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTO

2000

1123.95 1180.67

1000

-2000

CALCULO DE CANTIDAD DE ACERO

-2000

Y
1436.33
0
-1013.06
0
1123.95

2000
1436.33

-1000

-9

-1000

-2000

-1013.06

701.9

1000
0
-1000

0
0
-38.67

F'c = 175
As (-) = 6.02-(36.25-Mu*100/5336.47)^1/2
As (+) = 24.08-(580-Mu(+)*100/1134.12)^1/2
F'c = 210
As (-) = 7.23-(52.20-Mu*100/4447.05)^1/2
As (+) = 28.90-(835.21-Mu(+)*100/1111.76)^1/2

MOMENTOS DE DISEO:
1436.33

1123.95 1180.67

1013.06

1
F'c = 175
F'c = 210

2
2.96 (-)
(+)
2.77 (-)
(+)

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

2.26 (-)
1.93 (+)
2.17 (-)
1.62 (+)

F'c = 210
As (-)
Cant. pulg

Cant. pulg

Si :

cm2
1
2
3
4
5

2.77
2.17
1.20
1.77
1.56

Ingesar cantidades y diametro de


aceros

2
2
1
1
2

F'c = 175
As (-)
Cant.
cm2
1
2
3
4
5

2.96
2.26
1.21
1.83
1.60

1/2
1/2
1/2
3/8
3/8

0
0
0
1
0

1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2

pulg

Cant.

pulg

Ingesar cantidades y diametro de


aceros

2
2
1
1
2

1/2
1/2
1/2
5/8
3/8

1
0
0
0
0

3/8
1/2
5/8
1/2
1/2

CALCULO DE LA LONGITUD DE DESARROLLO


mayor

Xi
1.20

Xd
1.01

1.86
1.40
0.75
1.00
1.13
1.04

db
1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29

b
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30

L
6.00
4.00
5.00
4.80

0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

Fc = 210
21/2''
1.45 m

21/2''
1.20 m 1.95 m
13/8''+11/2''

13/8''

Fc = 175
21/2''+13/8''
1.45 m

21/2''
1.20 m 1.95 m
15/8''

13/8''

R DATOS AQUI)

Por lo tanto h = (Lmay/25)=

0.24

Asumir
0.25 m

Trabajar con:

0.40 m

0.10

OJO
o cara interior solo transmite = Ki*0.75
cara interior solo transmite = Kd*0.75

0.30

1
2
3
4
5
6

0.10

0.30

0.10

COMBINACION DE CARGAS
U
U
U
U
D
U
U
D
D
U
D
D
D
U
D
D
D
U

0.30

U
D
U
D
D
D

M = (WL^2)/24
M = (WL^2)/12

4.00

5.00

5.00

4.80

4.80

14.40

11.52

11.52

9.00

12.00

0.56

0.44

0.56

0.44

1.00

564
752

564
-1175

564
1175

564
-1082.88

564
1082.88

-0.56

-0.44

-0.56

-0.44

752

-1175

1175

-1082.88

940

-1.00
1082.88
92.12

-313

-26

423

339

-52

0
-40

0
-20

169

10

20

-762.2
290.06

179
-97

-50

82

65

-101

-79

-39

33

20

39

-147.04
65.03

52.18
-22

-15

20

16

-29

-23

-11

5.5

11

-36.33
15.51

13.58
-5

-4

-8

-5.96

-3

1.5

-8.98
3.8

3.5
-1

-1

-2

-2

-1

0.50

0.50

-2.25
0.95

1
-0.32

-0.28

0.33

0.27

845.41
845
Der.

-845
845
Izq.

-0.56

-0.44

0.14

0.00

-0.6

1195.93 -1195.79
1196
1196
Izq.
Der.

1082.88
1083
Der.

1257.38 kg
998.62 kg
2.23 m
1.77 m
38.67 kg-m
1.86 m
1.40 m
0.15 m

1339.9 kg
1480.1 kg
2.38 m
2.62 m
746.2 kg-m
0.75 m
1.00 m
0.15 m

X
0
2.23
4.00

0
2.38

1339.90
0

5.00

-1480.10

Y
1257.38
0
-998.62

-1180.67
-701.96
38.67

kg-m
kg-m
kg-m

-650.77
-980.26
746.20

2000

2000

1377.12

1000

-1000

-2000

1000

-998.62 0

-1000

-1480.1

X
0
0.75
2.375
4.00
5.00

2000

701.96

1000

0
0
-38.67

-1000

X
0
1.13
2.445
3.76
4.80

Y
995.57
0
-485.47
0
889.71

2000
980.26

1000
650.77
0

-1330.08

-1000

Y
650.77
0
-746.20
0
980.26

1180.67

-1000

-2000

Y
1180.67
0
-38.67
0
701.96

2000

-2000

X
0
1.86
2.23
2.60
4.00

Y
1377.12
0
-1330.08
-995.57
-889.71
485.47

1339.9

1000

X
0
2.44
4.80

kg-m
kg-m
kg-m

2000

1257.38

1377.12 kg
1330.08 kg
2.44 m
2.36 m
485.47 kg-m
1.13 m
1.04 m
0.15 m

0
-746.2

995.57

889.71

1000
0
-1000

0
-485.47

36.47)^1/2
0/1134.12)^1/2

47.05)^1/2
100/1111.76)^1/2

1180.67

701.96 650.77

38.67

980.26

746.20

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

1.21 (-)
0.07 (+)
1.20 (-)
0.06 (+)

cm

TOT
RPT.

1.27
1.27
1.27
0.71
0.71

1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27

cm

0.71
1.27
1.98
1.27
1.27

4
1.83 (-)
1.40 (+)
1.77 (-)
1.19 (+)

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

As (+)
cm2

2.54
2.54
1.27
1.98
1.42

1.62
0.06
1.19
0.77

TOT

As (+)

RPT.

3.25
2.54
1.27
1.98
1.42

889.71

485.47

1.27
1.27
1.27
1.98
0.71

995.57

cm2
1.93
0.07
1.40
0.90

Cant.

pulg

5
1.60
0.90
1.56
0.77

Cant.

plg.

Ingesar cantidades y diametro de aceros


1
1
1
1

3/8
3/8
1/2
3/8

1
0
0
0

cant pulg

1/2
3/8
3/8
5/8

plg.

Ingesar cantidades y diametro de aceros


1
1
2
1

5/8
3/8
3/8
1/2

0
0
0
0

3/8
1/2
1/2
1/2

Li = Xi - + Max
Ld = Xd - + Max
h-r
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22

12db
0.1548
0.1548
0.1548
0.1548
0.1548
0.1548
0.1548
0.1548

(L-b)/16

0.36
0.36
0.23
0.23
0.29
0.29
0.28
0.28

11/2''
1.50 m

1.50 m

Ld
1.40

1.94

1.95

23/8''

1.95
1.48

0.89

0.90

0.90
1.14

1.26

1.25

1.30
1.17

23/8''
1.20 m
13/8''

15/8''
1.15 m
1.30 m

0.90 m

1.45
1.22

11/2''

11/2''

13/8''

Li
1.41

13/8''+11/2''
1.15 m
1.30 m

0.90 m

13/8''

Max.
0.36
0.36
0.23
0.23
0.29
0.29
0.28
0.28

23/8''
1.20 m
11/2''

0.25 m

5
0.00
0.00

0.00
564

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

Asumimos negativo a 1

-1330.08

889.71

(-)
(+)
(-)
(+)

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

TOT

cm

Respta.
0.71
0.71
1.27
0.71

1.27
0.71
0.71
1.98

cm

1.98
0.71
1.27
0.71

TOT
Respta.

1.98
0.71
0.71
1.27

0.71
1.27
1.27
1.27

1.98
0.71
1.42
1.27

1.20

1.20

1.50

1.50

1.15

1.15

1.15

1.20

Combinacion de cargas
1
2
3
4
5
6

U
U
U
U
D
D

U
D
D
D
U
D

U
U
D
D
D
U

U
D
U
D
D
D

564

564

564

564

564

312

564

312

564

312

312

564

564

312

312

312

3/8''

312

564

312

312

1/2''

312

312

564

312

5/8''
3/4''
7/8''
1''
1 1/8''
1 1/4''
1 3/8''
1 1/2''

D
L
U

BARRA N
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

312.00
252.00
564.00

ACERO DE REFUERZO
DIAMETROS
PESO Kg/m
Pulg.
Cms
0.95
0.559
3/8
1.27
0.993
1/2
1.59
1.552
5/8
1.91
2.235
3/4
2.22
3.042
7/8
2.54
3.973
1
2.86
5.028
1 1/8
3.18
6.207
1 1/4
3.49
7.511
1 3/8
3.81
8.938
1 1/2

Area cm2

Perimetro cm

0.71
1.27
1.98
2.85
3.88
5.07
6.41
7.92
9.58
11.4

2.99
3.99
4.99
5.98
6.98
7.98
8.98
9.97
10.97
11.97