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Educationisoneofthemostimportantresponsibilitiesaparenthaswhenraisingachild.

Specialeducationservicesmaybeavailableasanoptionforparentswhentheirchildrenare
strugglingwithlearningbecauseofadisability.Ifyouseeyourchildstrugglingacademically,
sociallyoremotionally,youareencouragedtoworkwithschoolpersonneltodetermineways
tohelpyourchild.Therearenumerouswaystomakechangestothelearningenvironment
thatwillhelpchildrenlearneffectively.Specialeducationisoneofthoseways.Notallchildren
whostruggleinschoolareeligibleforspecialeducationservices,ifyourchildisstruggling;itis
beneficialtoworkwithschoolstaff.Ifyoubelievethatyourschoolisnothelpingorignoring
yourconcerns,youmaycontactSouthDakotaAdvocacyServices,ParentConnection,orthe
SouthDakotaDepartmentofEducation,StateSpecialEducationProgramsforhelp.The
contactinformationfortheseagenciesisavailableatthebackofthishandbook.

Thepurposeofthisdocumentistoprovideyouwithimportantbasicinformationregarding
yourrightsasaparentofachildwithadisabilityinSouthDakota.Pleasereviewcarefully.This
isnotintendedasafullexplanationofyourlegalrightsand/orresponsibilitiesunderStateand
federalspecialeducationlaw.Ifyouhavequestionsorneedassistanceinunderstandingthe
Statesspecialeducationrules,contactanyoftheorganizationslistedattheendofthis
document,yourlocalschooldistrictssuperintendent,ordesignee.

TheIndividualswithDisabilitiesEducationAct(IDEA)isthefederallawthatrequiresschoolsto
providespecialeducationservicesandspecifiesproceduresschoolsmustfollow.Statelawalso
containsrequirementsforprovidingservicestospecialeducationstudents.Ifyouareaparent
ofachildwithadisabilityundertheIDEA,thishandbookisyournoticeofproceduralsafeguards
andexplainstheprinciplesandrequirementsofspecialeducationtoyou.Inthishandbook,you
willfindsectionheadingsfortopicsinvolvingspecialeducation.Undereachtopicheadingis
thefederalandStatelawcitationsforthetopic.Eachtopicheadinghasabriefsummaryofits
meaningfollowedbyappropriatedefinitionsanddescriptionsofprocessesthatapplytothe
topic.Thedocumentendswithanappendixthatincludesothertopicsrelatedtospecial
educationsuchaseducationrecords,definitionsofspecialcircumstances,andnativelanguage
requirements.Ifyouneedassistancebecauseyoususpectyourchildhasadisabilityandyou
believeyourchildmayneedspecialeducationservices,youmaycontacttheagencieslistedat
theendofthispamphlet.

TableofContents
AVAILABILITYOFPROCEDURALSAFEGUARDSNOTICE..................................................................5

PARENTALCONSENT.......................................................................................................................5
DefinitionofaParent................................................................................................................5
DefinitionofaWardoftheState..............................................................................................6
DefinitionofParentalConsent.................................................................................................6
ConsentforInitialEvaluation....................................................................................................7
ConsentforServices.................................................................................................................7
ConsentforReevaluations........................................................................................................8
OtherConsentRequirements...................................................................................................9

PRIORWRITTENNOTICE.................................................................................................................9

INDEPENDENTEDUCATIONALEVALUATION(IEE)........................................................................10

CONFIDENTIALITYOFINFORMATION&ACCESSTOEDUCATIONALRECORDS............................11
Definitions...............................................................................................................................11
NoticetoParentsRegardingConfidentialityofInformationandAccesstoConfidential
Information.............................................................................................................................12
AmendmentofRecordsatParentRequest............................................................................16
ReferraltoandActionbyLawEnforcement&JudicialAuthoritiesandTransmittalof
Records...................................................................................................................................17

PLACEMENTOFCHILDRENBYTHEIRPARENTSINPRIVATESCHOOL
ChildrenPlacedinPrivateSchoolsbyTheirParentsifFAPEisNotatIssue...........................18
ChildrenPlacedinPrivateSchoolsbyTheirParentsifFAPEisatIssue..................................18

DISCIPLINEOFSTUDENTSWITHDISABILITIES..............................................................................20
GeneralAuthority...................................................................................................................20
DisciplinaryChangeofPlacement..........................................................................................20
ManifestationDeterminationandPossibleOutcomes..........................................................21
SpecialCircumstancesandPossibleOutcomes......................................................................22
DueProcessHearingComplaintsRegardingDisciplineofStudentswithDisabilities............22

ProtectionsforChildrenNotDeterminedEligibleforSpecialEducationandRelatedServices
.................................................................................................................................................24

STATEDISPUTERESOLUTIONPROCEDURES.................................................................................25
DifferencesBetweenDueProcessHearingComplaintandStateComplaintProcedures.....25
StateComplaints.....................................................................................................................25
Mediation................................................................................................................................28
DueProcessHearingComplaint.............................................................................................29
FilingaDueProcessHearingComplaint.................................................................................29
SufficiencyofComplaint.........................................................................................................30
DistrictResponsetoaDueProcessHearingComplaintFiledbyaParent.............................31
OtherPartyResponsetoaDueProcessHearingComplaint..................................................31
ResolutionMeeting.................................................................................................................31
30DayResolutionPeriod.......................................................................................................32
Adjustmentstothe30dayResolutionPeriod........................................................................32
WrittenSettlementAgreement..............................................................................................33
ImpartialDueProcessHearing...............................................................................................33
ImpartialHearingOfficer........................................................................................................33
SubjectMatterofDueProcessHearings................................................................................34
HearingRights.........................................................................................................................34
AdditionalDisclosureofInformation......................................................................................34
ParentalRightsatHearings.....................................................................................................34
HearingDecisions....................................................................................................................35
FindingsandDecisionstoAdvisoryPanelandGeneralPublic...............................................35
FinalityofDecision..................................................................................................................35
HearingTimelines...................................................................................................................35
CivilActions.............................................................................................................................36
AttorneysFees.......................................................................................................................36
ChildsStatusDuringProceedings(StayPut)......................................................................37

TRANSFEROFPARENTALRIGHTSATAGEOFMAJORITY..............................................................38

SOURCESTOCONTACTFORADDITIONALASSISTANCEINUNDERSTANDINGYOURRIGHTS......39

APPENDIX......................................................................................................................................40
EducationRecords..................................................................................................................40
SpecialCircumstancesDefinitions..........................................................................................41
NativeLanguage......................................................................................................................42
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Theparentalrightsavailabletoyouasaparentofachildwithadisabilityaredescribedinthis
documentandarealsocontainedintheSouthDakotaSpecialEducationAdministrativeRules,
Article 24:05. Specific citations to the Administrative Rules are listed as appropriate. Since
theseproceduralsafeguardsarerequiredundertheIDEA,specificregulatorycitationstoPartB
of the IDEA (34 CFR Part 300) are provided throughout this document as an additional
reference point. This is intended as a summary of the special education provisions in South
Dakota State law and Part B of the IDEA (34 CFR Part 300), a federal law. Please see the
statutoryandregulatoryprovisionsfortheexactlanguagethatapplies.

AVAILABILITYOFPROCEDURALSAFEGUARDSNOTICE
34CFR300.504(a)&(b);ARSD24:05:30:06.01

Acopyoftheproceduralsafeguardsnoticemustbegiventoyou,theparentofachildwitha
disability,atleastonceeveryschoolyear.Acopymustalsobegiventoyou:

1. Uponinitialreferralorrequestbyyouforanevaluationofyourchild;

2. Uponrequestbyyou;

3. Whenyourchildmaybedisciplinedinamannerthatchangesyourchildsplacement;

4. AfterthefirstfilingbyyouofaStatecomplaintordueprocesshearingcomplaintina
schoolyear.
Acopyoftheproceduralsafeguardsnoticemayalsobepostedontheschooldistrictswebsite.

PARENTALCONSENT
DefinitionofaParent
34CFR300.30;ARSD24:05:13:03

Aparentmeans:

1. Abiologicaloradoptiveparentofachild;

2. Afosterparentunlessrestrictedbystatelaw,regulationorcontract;

3. Aguardianappointedbythecourtandauthorizedtoactasthechildsparent,orto
makeeducationaldecisionsforthechild;

4. Anindividualactingastheparentintheabsenceofabiologicaloradoptiveparent
(includingagrandparent,stepparent,orotherrelative)withwhomthechildlives,oran
individualwhoislegallyresponsibleforthechildswelfare;

5. Asurrogateparentwhohasbeenappointedinaccordancewithspecialeducationrules;
or

6. AspecificpersonorpersonstheCourtorderstoactastheparentofachildortomake
educationaldecisionsonbehalfofachild.

Ifyouareyourchildsbiologicaloradoptiveparent,youarepresumedtobetheparentunless
youdonothavelegalauthoritytomakeeducationaldecisionsforyourchild.
TheStatecannotbeaparentifthechildisawardoftheState.
DefinitionofaWardoftheState
34CFR300.45

WardoftheState,asusedintheIDEA,meansachildwhois:

1. Afosterchild;
2. ConsideredawardoftheStateunderStatelaw;or
3. Inthecustodyofapublicchildwelfareagency.
Except:

WardoftheStatedoesnotincludeafosterchildwhohasafosterparentwhomeetsthe
definitionofaparent.
DefinitionofParentalConsent
34CFR300.9

"Consent"meansthatyouhavereceivedallofthenecessaryinformationinorderforyouto
understandthedescribedactivity,andyouagreeinwritingtocompletetheactivity.Inthisway,
youareabletogiveyourpermission.Theinformationmustbeprovidedinyournativelanguage
ormodeofcommunication.Iftheactivityforwhichyourconsentisrequestedinvolvessharing
yourchildsrecords,youwillbeinformedaboutwhatrecordswillbesharedandwithwhom
thoserecordsmaybeshared.Yourconsentisvoluntaryandcanbecancelledbyyouatany
time.

Ifyoucancelconsent,itonlyappliestofutureactivitiesandnotactivitiesthathavealready
occurred.Ifyoucancelconsentinwritingforyourchildtoreceivespecialeducationand
relatedservicesafteryourchildhasbegunreceivingspecialeducationandrelatedservices,the
schooldistrictisnotrequiredtoremoveanyinformationfromyourchildseducationrecords
aboutthespecialeducationandrelatedservicesthatyourchildreceivedbeforeyoucanceled
consent.Afteryougivetheschooldistrictwrittencancellation(revocation)ofyourconsent,
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theschooldistrictmustgiveyoupriorwrittennoticeandthendiscontinuespecialeducation
andrelatedservicestoyourchild.
ConsentforInitialEvaluation
34CFR300.300(a);34CFR300.45;ARSD24:05:25:02.01;ARSD24:05:15:06

Yourschooldistrictmustprovidenoticeinwritingandhaveyourconsentbeforestartingan
initialevaluationofyourchildtodetermineifyourchildiseligibleunderPartBoftheIDEAto
receivespecialeducationandrelatedservices.

1. Yourschooldistrictmustmakereasonableeffortstoobtainyourinformedconsentfor
aninitialevaluation.

2. Yourconsentforaninitialevaluationdoesnotmeanthatyouhaveconsentedtospecial
educationandrelatedservicesforyourchild.

3. Ifyourchildisenrolledorattemptingtoenrollinpublicschoolandyourefuseto
consenttoaninitialevaluationordonotrespondtoarequestforconsentforaninitial
evaluation,yourschooldistrictmay,butdoesnothaveto,usetheIDEAdispute
resolutionprocedures(i.e.,mediation,dueprocesscomplaint)toaddressyourlackof
consentforaninitialevaluationofyourchild.

4. IfyourschooldistrictdoesnotrequestanevaluationthroughtheIDEAdispute
resolutionprocedures(i.e.,mediation,dueprocesscomplaint),itwillnotviolateitschild
findobligationstolocate,identifyandevaluateyourchildortherequirementsregarding
parentalconsent,evaluation,andreevaluation.

IfachildisawardoftheStateandisnotresidingwithhis/herparent,theschooldistrictdoes
notneedconsentfromtheparentforaninitialevaluationtodetermineifthechildisachild
withadisabilityif:

1. Theschooldistrictcannotdiscoverthewhereaboutsoftheparentaftermaking
reasonableeffortstodoso;
2. TheparentalrightshavebeenterminatedinaccordancewithStatelaw;or
3. Ajudgehasassignedtherighttomakeeducationaldecisions,includingconsentforan
initialevaluation,toanindividualotherthantheparent,andthatindividualhasgiven
consent.
ConsentforServices
34CFR300.300(b)

Yourschooldistrictmusthaveyourpermissionbeforeprovidingspecialeducationtoyourchild
forthefirsttime.

1. Theschooldistrictmustmakereasonableeffortstoobtainyourinformedconsent
beforeprovidingspecialeducationandrelatedservicestoyourchildforthefirsttime.

2. Ifyoudonotrespondtoarequesttoconsentforyourchildtoreceivespecialeducation
andrelatedservicesforthefirsttime,orifyourefusetogivesuchconsent,orlater
cancelyourconsentinwriting,yourschooldistrictmaynotusetheIDEAdispute
resolutionprocedures(i.e.mediation,dueprocesscomplaint)inordertooverrideyour
lackofconsentforspecialeducationandrelatedservicestobeprovidedtoyourchild.
3. Ifyourefusetogiveyourconsent,failtorespondtoarequestforconsentforyourchild
toreceivespecialeducationandrelatedservicesforthefirsttime,oryoulatercancel
yourconsentinwriting,andtheschooldistrictstopsprovidingspecialeducationand
relatedservicestoyourchild,yourschooldistrict:
a. Isnotinviolationoftherequirementtomakeafreeappropriatepublic
education(FAPE)availabletoyourchildbecauseitfailedtoprovidethose
servicestoyourchild;and
b. Isnotrequiredtohaveanindividualizededucationprogram(IEP)meetingor
developanIEPforyourchildtodeterminespecialeducationandrelated
services.
Ifyoucancelyourconsentinwritingafteryourchildfirstreceivesspecialeducationandrelated
services,thentheschooldistrictmustprovideyouwithpriorwrittennotice,asdescribedunder
theheadingPriorWrittenNotice,andmuststopservicestoyourchildafterprovidingyouwith
priorwrittennotice.
ConsentforReevaluations
34CFR300.300(c)and(d);ARSD24:05:25:06.01
Yourschooldistrictmustobtainyourconsentbeforeitreevaluatesyourchild,unlessyour
schooldistrictcandemonstrateanddocumentthat:
1. Ittookreasonablestepstoobtainyourconsentforyourchild'sreevaluation;and
2. Youdidnotrespond.
Ifyourefusetoconsenttoyourchild'sreevaluation,theschooldistrictmay,butisnotrequired
to,usethedisputeresolutionprocedures(i.e.mediation,dueprocesshearingcomplaint)to
overrideyourrefusaltoconsenttoyourchild'sreevaluation.Aswithinitialevaluations,your
schooldistrictdoesnotviolateitschildfindandotherobligationsunderPartBoftheIDEA,ifit
doesnotpursuethereevaluationwhenyourefusetoconsent.
Yourschooldistrictmustmaintainrecordsofitsreasonableeffortstoobtainyourconsentfor
initialevaluations,toprovidespecialeducationandrelatedservicesforthefirsttime,to
reevaluate,andtolocateparentsofchildrenwhoarewardsoftheStateforinitialevaluations.
Thedocumentationmustincludearecordoftheschooldistrictsattemptsinthefollowing
areas:

1. Detailedrecordsoftelephonecallsmadeorattemptedandtheresultsofthosecalls;
2. Copiesofcorrespondencesenttoyouandanyresponsesreceived;and
3. Detailedrecordsofvisitsmadetoyourhomeorplaceofemploymentandtheresultsof
thosevisits.
OtherConsentRequirements
34CFR300.300(d);ARSD24:05:25:02.03
Yourconsentisnotrequiredbeforeyourschooldistrictmay:
1. Reviewexistingdataaspartofyourchild'sevaluationorreevaluation;or
2. Giveyourchildatestorotherevaluationthatisgiventoallchildrenunless,beforethat
testorevaluationisgiven,consentisrequiredfromallparentsofallchildren.
Yourschooldistrictmaynotuseyourrefusaltoconsenttoanevaluationorservicesunderthe
IDEAtodenyyouoryourchildanyotherservice,benefit,oractivity,exceptasrequiredunder
PartBoftheIDEA.
Ifyouhaveenrolledyourchildinaprivateschoolatyourownexpenseorifyouarehome
schoolingyourchild,andyoudonotprovideyourconsentforaninitialevaluationor
reevaluationofyourchild,oryoufailtorespondtoarequesttoprovideyourconsent,the
schooldistrictcannotusetheIDEAdisputeresolutionprocedures(i.e.,mediation,dueprocess
hearing)tooverrideyourlackofconsent.Underthesecircumstances,theschooldistrictisnot
requiredtoconsideryourchildeligibletoreceiveequitableservices(servicesmadeavailableto
someparentallyplacedprivateschoolchildrenwithdisabilities).

PRIORWRITTENNOTICE
34CFR300.503;34CFR300.505;34CFR300.304;ARSD24:05:30:04
Atleastfivedaysbeforerecommendingorrefusingtobeginorchangetheidentification,
evaluation,educationalplacementofyourchild,ortheprovisionofFAPEtoyourchild,the
schooldistrictmustprovideyouwithpriorwrittennotice.Youmaywaivethepriorwritten
notice.
Thepriorwrittennoticemust:
1. Describetheactionthatyourschooldistrictplansorrefusestotake;
2. Explainwhyyourschooldistrictisplanningorrefusingtotaketheaction;
3. Describeeachevaluationprocedure,assessment,record,orreportyourschooldistrict
usedindecidingtoplanorrefusetotaketheaction;
4. Includeastatementthatyouhaveprotectionsundertheproceduralsafeguards
provisionsinPartBoftheIDEA;
5. Tellyouwhereyoucanfindmoreabouttheproceduralsafeguardsiftheplannedor
refusedactionisnotaninitialreferralforevaluation;
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6. IncludecontactinformationforresourcestohelpyouunderstandPartBoftheIDEA;
7. Describeanyotheroptionsthatyourchild'sIEPTeamconsideredandwhythoseoptions
wererejected;
8. Provideadescriptionofotherfactorsthattheschooldistrictusedinitsdecisiontoplan
orrefusetheaction;and
9. Ifyourschooldistrictisplanningtoconductanevaluation,describeanyevaluation
proceduresyourschooldistrictisplanningtoconduct.
Thepriorwrittennoticemustbe:
1. Writtenineasilyunderstoodlanguage;and

2. Providedinyournativelanguageorothermodeofcommunication,unlessnotfeasible
todoso.
Ifyournativelanguageorothermodeofcommunicationisnotawrittenlanguage,yourschool
districtmusttakestepstoensurethat:

1. Thenoticeistranslatedforyouorallyorbyothermeansinyournativelanguageor
othermodeofcommunication;
2. Youunderstandthecontentofthenotice;and
3. Thereiswrittendocumentationthat1and2havebeenmet.
Youmaychoosetoreceivepriorwrittennotices,proceduralsafeguardsnotices,andnotices
relatedtoadueprocesshearingcomplaintbyanelectronicmailcommunication(email),if
available.Yourschooldistrictwillverifythatyouwishtoreceivenoticesbyelectronicmail.

INDEPENDENTEDUCATIONALEVALUATION(IEE)
34CFR300.502;ARSD24:05:30:03

YouhavetherighttohaveanIEEofyourchildatpublicexpense,ifyoudisagreewithan
evaluationobtainedbytheschooldistrict.

AnIEEmeansanevaluationconductedbyaqualifiedexaminerwhoisnotemployedbythe
schooldistrict.

Publicexpensemeansthattheschooldistricteitherpaysforthefullcostoftheevaluationor
ensuresthattheevaluationisotherwiseprovidedatnocosttoyouconsistentwiththe
provisionsofPartBoftheIDEA.

IfyourequestanIEE,theschooldistrictmayaskyouforthereasonwhyyouobjecttothe
schoolsevaluation.Youdonothavetoexplainwhyyouobject.

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WhenyourequestanIEE,theschooldistrictwillprovideyouwithinformationaboutwherean
IEEmaybeobtained,andtheapplicableschooldistrictcriteriaforIEEs.

IfanIEEisatpublicexpense,theschooldistrictcriteriafortheevaluation,includingthelocation
oftheevaluationandthequalificationsoftheexaminermustbethesameasthecriteriathat
theschooldistrictuseswhenitinitiatesanevaluation.Exceptforthecriteriadescribedabove,
theschooldistrictmaynotimposeadditionalconditionsortimelinesforobtaininganIEE.

TheschooldistrictmusteithergranttheIEEatpublicexpense,ortheschooldistrictmustfilea
dueprocesshearingcomplainttodemonstratethattheschooldistrictsevaluationwas
appropriateorthattheIEEyouarerequestingorhaveobtaineddoesnotcomplywiththe
schooldistrictscriteria.

Iftheschooldistrictfilesadueprocesscomplainttorequestahearing,andthefinaldecisionof
thehearingofficeristhattheschooldistrictsevaluationisappropriate,youstillhavetheright
toanIEE,butnotatpublicexpense.

You are entitled to only one IEE of your child at public expense each time the school district
conductsanevaluationofyourchild.

IfyouobtainanIEEatpublicexpenseorsharewiththeschooldistrictanevaluationobtainedat
privateexpense,theIEPTeammustconsideranyIEEorotherevaluationssharedbyyouthat
complywiththeschooldistrictcriteriaforIEEsinanydecisionmadeabouttheprovisionof
FAPEtoyourchild.

TheresultsoftheIEEmaybepresentedbyanypartyasevidenceatadueprocesshearing
regardingyourchild.

IfahearingofficerrequestsanIEEaspartofahearingonadueprocesscomplaint,thecostof
theevaluationmustbeatpublicexpense.

CONFIDENTIALITYOFINFORMATION&ACCESSTOEDUCATIONALRECORDS
34CFR300.611617;ARSD24:05:29;34CFR300.622625;34CFR300.32

TheFamilyEducationalRightsandPrivacyAct(FERPA)givesparentsandstudentswhoare18
yearsofageorolder(eligiblestudents)certainrightswithrespecttothestudentsrecords
includingtherighttoaccess(inspectandreview)therecordsandfurtherprotectsthe
confidentialityoftheserecords.TheIDEAalsoaddressesaccessandconfidentialityofrecords.

Definitions

"Destruction"meansphysicaldestructionorremovalofnamesorpersonalidentifierssothat
theinformationisnolongerpersonallyidentifiable.
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"Educationrecords"meansthetypeofrecordscoveredunderthedefinitionof"education
records"in34CFRpart99(theregulationsimplementingtheFamilyEducationalRightsand
PrivacyActof1974,20U.S.C.1232g(FERPA)).(SeeAppendixAforfulldefinition)

"Participatingagency"meansanyagencyorinstitutionthatcollects,maintains,oruses
personallyidentifiableinformation,orfromwhichinformationisobtained,underPartBofthe
IDEA.

"Personallyidentifiableinformation,"thetermincludes:

1. Thestudent'sname;
2. Thenameofthestudent'sparentorotherfamilymembers;
3. Theaddressofthestudentorstudent'sfamily;
4. Apersonalidentifier,suchasthestudent'ssocialsecuritynumber,studentnumber,or
biometricrecord;
5. Otherindirectidentifiers,suchasthestudent'sdateofbirth,placeofbirth,and
mother'smaidenname;
6. Otherinformationthat,aloneorincombination,islinkedorlinkabletoaspecific
studentthatwouldallowareasonablepersonintheschoolcommunity,whodoesnot
havepersonalknowledgeoftherelevantcircumstances,toidentifythestudentwith
reasonablecertainty;or
7. Informationrequestedbyapersonwhotheeducationalagencyorinstitutionbelieves
knowstheidentityofthestudenttowhomtheeducationrecordrelates.
NoticetoParentsRegardingConfidentialityofInformationandAccesstoConfidential
Information

UnderFERPA,aschoolmustannuallynotifyparentsofstudentsinattendanceoftheirrights
underFERPA.Theannualnotificationmustincludeinformationregardingaparent'srightto
inspectandreviewhisorherchild'seducationrecords,therighttoseektoamendtherecords,
therighttoconsenttodisclosureofpersonallyidentifiableinformationfromtherecords
(exceptincertaincircumstances),andtherighttofileacomplaintwiththeFamilyPolicy
ComplianceOfficeoftheU.S.DepartmentofEducationregardinganallegedfailurebyaschool
tocomplywithFERPA.Theschoolmustalsoinformparentsofitsdefinitionsoftheterms
"schoolofficial"and"legitimateeducationalinterest."

FERPAdoesnotrequireaschooltonotifyparentsindividuallyoftheirrightsunderFERPA.
Instead,theschoolmayprovidetheannualnotificationbyanymeanslikelytoinformparents
oftheirrights.

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UnderbothFERPAandtheIDEA,theschooldistrict:

1. Mustpermityoutoinspectandreviewanyeducationrecordsrelatingtoyourchild
whicharecollected,maintained,orusedbytheschooldistrictunderPartBoftheIDEA;
2. Mustcomplywithyourrequesttoinspectandreviewyourchildsrecordswithout
unnecessarydelayandbeforeanyIEPmeeting,resolutionsession,ordueprocess
hearing(concerningidentification,evaluation,educationalplacement,disciplineor
provisionofFAPE);and
3. Maynottakemorethan45calendardaystocomplyaftertherequesthasbeenmade.
Yourrighttoinspectandrevieweducationrecordsincludes:
1. Therighttoaresponsefromtheschooldistricttoreasonablerequestsforexplanations
andinterpretationsoftherecords;
2. Therighttorequestthattheschooldistrictprovidecopiesoftherecordscontainingthe
informationiffailuretoprovidethesecopieswouldeffectivelypreventyoufrom
exercisingyourrighttoinspectandreviewtherecords;and
3. Therighttohaveyourrepresentativereviewtherecords.
Theschooldistrictmaypresumethatyouhaveauthoritytoreviewrecordsrelatingtoyourchild
unlesstheschooldistricthasbeeninformedthatyoudonothavetheauthority.
Theschooldistrictmustkeeparecordofpartiesthatobtainaccesstoeducationrecords
collected,maintained,orusedunderPartBoftheIDEA(exceptaccessbyyouorauthorized
employeesoftheschooldistrict)includingthenameoftheparty,thedateaccesswasgiven,
andthepurposeforwhichthepartyisauthorizedtousetherecords.Youoryoureligible
studentmayrequesttoinspecttherecordofaccess.
Ifanyeducationrecordsincludeinformationonmorethanonechild,eachparenthastheright
toinspectandreviewonlytheinformationrelatingtohisorherchildorbeinformedofthe
specificinformationrelatingtohisorherchild.
Theschooldistrictmustprovideyou,uponrequest,alistofthetypesofeducationrecordsand
thelocationsofthoserecordscollected,maintained,orusedbytheschooldistrict.
Afeemaybechargedbytheschooldistrictforcopiesofrecordsthataremadeforyouunder
PartBoftheIDEA,ifthefeedoesnoteffectivelypreventyoufromreviewingthoserecords.The
schooldistrictmaynotchargeafeetosearchfororretrieveinformationunderPartBofthe
IDEA.
Yourconsentmustbeobtainedbeforepersonallyidentifiableinformationissharedwithothers,
unlessotherwisepermittedbyFERPAortheIDEA.
UndertheIDEA,yourconsentisnotrequiredbeforepersonallyidentifiableinformationis
releasedtoofficialsofparticipatingagenciescollectingorusingtheinformationunderPartBof
theIDEA,exceptthat:

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1. Yourconsent,orconsentofyoureligiblestudent,mustbeobtainedbeforepersonally
identifiableinformationisreleasedtoofficialsofparticipatingagenciesprovidingor
payingfortransitionservices;and

2. Ifyourchildisin,orisgoingtogoto,aprivateschool,yourconsentmustbeobtained
beforeanypersonallyidentifiableinformationaboutyourchildisreleasedbetween
officialsinyourchildspublicschooldistrictwheretheprivateschoolislocatedand
officialsinyourchildsresidentschooldistrict.

UnderFERPA,yourconsentisnotrequiredbeforepersonallyidentifiableinformationis
released:

1. Tootherschoolofficials,includingteachers,withinyourschooldistrictwhomtheschool
hasdeterminedtohavelegitimateeducationalinterests.Thisincludescontractors,
consultants,volunteers,orotherpartiestowhomtheschoolhasoutsourced
institutionalservicesorfunctions,ifapplicablerequirementsaremet.

2. Toofficialsofanotherschool,schoolsystem,orinstitutionofpostsecondaryeducation
whereyourchildseeksorintendstoenroll,orwhereyourchildisalreadyenrolledifthe
disclosureisforpurposesrelatedtoyourchildsenrollmentortransfer,ifapplicable
requirementsaremet(specifically,iftheannualnoticeinformsparentsthattheschool
releasesrecordsunderthisexception,ortheschoolmakesareasonableattemptto
notifyyouoryoureligiblestudentatyourlastknownaddress,orthedisclosureis
initiatedbyyouoryoureligiblestudent).

3. ToauthorizedrepresentativesoftheU.S.ComptrollerGeneral,theU.S.Attorney
General,theU.S.SecretaryofEducation,orStateandlocaleducationalauthorities,such
astheSouthDakotaDepartmentofEducation.Disclosuresunderthisprovisionmaybe
made,subjecttoapplicablerequirements,inconnectionwithanauditorevaluationof
FederalorStatesupportededucationprograms,orfortheenforcementofor
compliancewithFederallegalrequirementsthatrelatetothoseprograms.These
entitiesmaymakefurtherdisclosuresofpersonallyidentifiableinformationtooutside
entitiesthataredesignatedbythemastheirauthorizedrepresentativestoconductany
audit,evaluation,orenforcementorcomplianceactivityontheirbehalf,ifapplicable
requirementsaremet.

4. Inconnectionwithfinancialaidforwhichyourchildhasappliedorwhichyourchildhas
received,iftheinformationisnecessaryforsuchpurposesastodetermineeligibilityfor
theaid,determinetheamountoftheaid,determinetheconditionsoftheaid,or
enforcethetermsandconditionsoftheaid.

5. ToStateandlocalofficialsorauthoritiestowhominformationisspecificallyallowedto
bereportedordisclosedbyaStatestatutethatconcernsthejuvenilejusticesystemand
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thesystemsabilitytoeffectivelyserve,priortoadjudication,thestudentwhoserecords
werereleased,subjecttoapplicablerequirements.

6. Toorganizationsconductingstudiesfor,oronbehalfof,theschool,inorderto:(a)
develop,validate,oradministerpredictivetests;(b)administerstudentaidprograms;or
(c)improveinstruction,ifapplicablerequirementsaremet.

7. Toaccreditingorganizationstocarryouttheiraccreditingfunctions.

8. Toyouifyourchildisaneligiblestudent,aslongasyoureligiblestudentisadependent
forIRStaxpurposes.

9. Tocomplywithajudicialorderorlawfullyissuedsubpoena,ifapplicablerequirements
aremet.

10. Toappropriateofficialsinconnectionwithahealthorsafetyemergency,subjectto
applicablerequirements.

11. Thathasbeendesignatedbytheschoolasdirectoryinformation,aslongasapplicable
requirementsaremet.

12. ToanagencycaseworkerorotherrepresentativeofaStateorlocalchildwelfareagency
ortribalorganizationwhoisauthorizedtoaccessastudentscaseplanwhensuch
agencyororganizationislegallyresponsible,inaccordancewithStateortriballaw,for
thecareandprotectionofthestudentinfostercareplacement.

13. TotheSecretaryofAgricultureorauthorizedrepresentativesoftheFoodandNutrition
Serviceforpurposesofconductingprogrammonitoring,evaluations,andperformance
measurementsofprogramsauthorizedundertheRichardB.RussellNationalSchool
LunchActortheChildNutritionActof1966,undercertainconditions.

Aneducationalagencyreceivingpersonallyidentifiableinformationfromanothereducational
agencyorinstitution,maymakefurtherdisclosuresoftheinformationonbehalfofthe
educationalagencywithoutthepriorwrittenconsentofyouoryoureligiblestudentiftheIDEA
orFERPAconditionsfordisclosurewithoutparentalconsentaremetandiftheeducational
agencyinformsthepartytowhomdisclosureismadeoftheserequirements.

Theschooldistrictmustprotecttheconfidentialityofpersonallyidentifiableinformationatthe
collection,storage,disclosureanddestructionstages.

1. Oneofficialattheschooldistrictmustassumeresponsibilityforensuringthe
confidentialityofanypersonallyidentifiableinformation.

15

2. Allpersonscollectingorusingpersonallyidentifiableinformationmustreceivetraining
orinstructionregardingtheStatespoliciesandproceduresregardingconfidentialityof
personallyidentifiableinformationunderPartBoftheIDEAandFERPA.

3. Thedistrictmustmaintain,forpublicinspection,acurrentlistingofthenamesand
positionsofthoseemployeeswithinthedistrictwhomayhaveaccesstopersonally
identifiableinformation.

4. Thedistrictmustinformyouwhenpersonallyidentifiableinformationcollected,
maintainedorusedforspecialeducationandrelatedservicesisnolongerneededto
provideeducationalservicestoyourchild.

5. Theinformationnolongerneededmustbedestroyedatyourrequest;however,a
permanentrecordofyourchildsname,address,phonenumber,hisorherowngrades,
attendancerecord,classesattendedandgradelevelcompletedmaybemaintained
indefinitely.

UndertheregulationsfortheFamilyEducationalRightsandPrivacyActof1974(34CFR
99.5(a)),yourrightsregardingeducationrecordsaretransferredtothestudentatage18.A
studentwhois18orolderisreferredtoasaneligiblestudentunderFERPA.

WhenyourrightsunderPartBoftheIDEAaretransferredtoastudentwhoreachestheageof
majority,therightsregardingeducationalrecordsmustalsobetransferredtothestudent.
However,theschooldistrictmustprovideanynoticerequiredunderPartBoftheIDEAtoyou
andthestudent.(SeeadditionalinformationundertheheadingTransferofParentalRightsat
AgeofMajority).
AmendmentofRecordsatParentRequest
34CFR300.618621;ARSD24:05:29:04

Ifyoubelievethattheinformationintheeducationrecordsaboutyourchildisinaccurate,
misleading,orviolatestheprivacyorotherrightsofyourchild,youmayrequestthattheschool
districtcorrectorremovetheinformation(i.e.amendtherecord).

Theschooldistrictmustdecidewhethertocorrectorremovetheinformationwithina
reasonableperiodoftimefollowingyourrequest.Iftheschooldistrictdecidestorefuseto
correctorremovetheinformation,itmustinformyouoftherefusal,andadviseyouofyour
righttoaFERPAhearing.

Theschooldistrictmust,onrequest,provideyouwithaFERPAhearingsothatyoucan
challengetheinformationinyourchildseducationrecordsthatyoubelieveisinaccurate,
misleading,orotherwiseinviolationoftheprivacyorotherrightsofyourchild.
Ahearingtochallengeinformationineducationrecordsmustbeconductedaccordingtothe
proceduresforsuchhearingsundertheFERPA.
16

Ataminimum,aschooldistrict'sFERPAhearingproceduresmustaffordyouthefollowing:

1. Thehearingmustbeheldwithin30daysaftertheschooldistrictreceivedyourrequest
forahearing,andyouoryoureligiblestudentmustbegivennoticeofthedate,place,
andtimefivedaysinadvanceofthehearing;

2. The hearing may be conducted by any individual, including an official of the school
district,whodoesnothaveadirectinterestintheoutcomeofthehearing;

3. You or your eligible student must be given a full and fair opportunity to present
evidence relevant to the issues raised and may be assisted or be represented by
individualsofyourchoiceatyourownexpense,includinganattorney;

4. Theschooldistrictmustmakeitsdecisioninwritingwithin30daysaftertheconclusion
ofthehearing;and

5. Thedecisionoftheschooldistrictmustbebasedsolelyupontheevidencepresentedat
the hearing and must include a summary of the evidence and the reasons for the
decision.

If,asaresultofthehearing,theschooldistrictdecidesthattheinformationcontainedinyour
childsrecordisinaccurate,misleadingorotherwiseinviolationoftheprivacyorotherrightsof
yourchild,itmustcorrectorremovetheinformationandinformyouinwriting.

If,ontheotherhand,asaresultofthehearing,theschooldistrictdecidesthattheinformation
isnotinaccurate,misleading,orotherwiseinviolationoftheprivacyorotherrightsofyour
child,itmustinformyouofyourrighttoplaceastatementintherecordscommentingonthe
informationorprovidinganyreasonsfordisagreeingwiththedecisionoftheschooldistrict.
Anyexplanationplacedinyourchildsrecordsmustbemaintainedbytheschooldistrictaspart
oftherecordsofyourchildaslongastherecordismaintainedbytheschooldistrict;ifthe
disputedrecordsofyourchildaredisclosedbytheschooldistricttoanyparty,theexplanation
mustalsobedisclosedtotheparty.
ReferraltoandActionbyLawEnforcement&JudicialAuthoritiesandTransmittalofRecords
34CFR300.535(a)&(b);ARSD24:05:26:15

Aschooldistrictmayreportacrimecommittedbyachildwithadisabilitytoappropriate
authorities.NothingintheIDEApreventsStatelawenforcementandjudicialauthoritiesfrom
exercisingtheirresponsibilitiestoapplyFederalandStatelawtocrimescommittedbyachild
withadisability.

Aschooldistrictreportingacrimecommittedbyachildwithadisabilityshallprovidecopiesof
thespecialeducationanddisciplinaryrecordsofthechildforconsiderationbytheappropriate
authoritiestowhomitreportedthecrime,butonlytotheextentallowedbyFERPA.
17

PLACEMENTOFCHILDRENBYTHEIRPARENTSINPRIVATESCHOOL
ChildrenPlacedinPrivateSchoolsbyTheirParentsifFAPEisNotatIssue
34CFR300.132;ARSD24:05:31:04

Ifyouplacedyourchildinaprivateschoolorfacilityandthereisnodisputeabouttheprovision
ofFAPE,yourplacementdecisionisvoluntary.IftheschooldistrictmadeFAPEavailableto
yourchildwithintheschooldistrict,theschooldistrictdoesnothavetopayforspecial
educationorothercostsofyourchildsprivateeducation.However,publicschoolsdohave
certaindutieswithrespecttovoluntarilyplacedprivateschoolchildrenwithdisabilitieswhoare
attendingprivateschoolslocatedwithintheirgeographicboundaries.

IfyourchildsprivateschoolmeetstheIDEAandStatedefinitionofaprivateschool,thepublic
schoolwheretheprivateschoolislocatedmust:

1. Countyourchildinitspopulationofparentallyplacedprivateschoolchildren.

2. Withyourconsent,conducttheperiodicreevaluationsofyourchildrequiredbythe
IDEA.

3. Consultwithyouandyourchildsprivateschooltoobtaininputregardinghowthe
proportionateshareoftheIDEAPartBfundsshouldbeequitablyspentonspecial
educationandrelatedservicestoparentallyplacedprivateschoolchildrenincluding
yourchild.

4. Afterconsultingwithprivateschoolofficialsandrepresentativesofparentsof
parentallyplacedprivateschoolchildren,makeafinaldecisionregardingservicestobe
providedtoeligibleparentallyplacedprivateschoolchildrenwithdisabilities.

Decisionsaboutwhichservicesandtheamountsofserviceschildrenwithdisabilitiesenrolled
bytheirparentsinprivateschoolswillreceivearemadethroughtheconsultationprocessand
arebasedontheneedsofthechildrendesignatedtoreceiveservices.Thesechildrenhaveno
individualentitlementtoreceivesomeorallofthespecialeducationandrelatedservicesthey
wouldreceiveifenrolledinapublicschool.
ChildrenPlacedinPrivateSchoolsbyTheirParentsifFAPEisatIssue
34CFR300.148;ARSD24:05:31:05

Disagreementsbetweenyouandtheschooldistrictregardingtheavailabilityofanappropriate
programforyourchildandthequestionofpaymentforprivateschoolplacementmaybe
decidedatadueprocesshearing.Ahearingofficerorcourtmayrequireyourchildsschool
district(whereyoureside)toreimburseyouforthecostoftheprivateschoolifthehearing
18

officerorcourtfindsthatthepublicschooldidnotmakeFAPEavailabletoyourchildandthat
theprivateplacementisappropriate.Ahearingofficerorcourtmayfindyourplacementtobe
appropriate,eveniftheplacementdoesnotmeettheStatestandardsthatapplytoeducation
providedbypublicschools.

Reimbursementamountsmaybereducedordeniedbythehearingofficerorcourtif:

1. Youdidnot,atthemostrecentIEPTeammeetingyouattendedbeforeyouplacedyour
childinaprivateschool,telltheIEPTeamthatyoudisagreedwiththeschooldistricts
proposedplacementtoprovideFAPEtoyourchild,includingstatingyourconcernsand
intenttoenrollyourchildataprivateschoolatpublicexpense;orinthealternative,you
didnot,atleastten(10)businessdays(includinganyholidaysthatoccuronabusiness
day)priortotheremovalofyourchildfromthepublicschool,givewrittennoticetothe
schooldistrictofyourdisagreementwiththeproposedplacementbytheschooldistrict,
includinglistingyourconcernsandintenttoenrollyourchildinaprivateschoolatpublic
expense;or

2. Beforeyourchildstoppedattendingthepublicschool,theschooldistrictprovidedprior
writtennoticetoyouofitsproposaltoevaluateyourchild,andincludedastatementof
thepurposeoftheevaluation,butyoudidnotmakethechildavailableforan
appropriateandreasonableevaluationbytheschooldistrict;or

3. Thehearingofficerorcourtmakesajudicialfindingthatyouactedunreasonable.

However,thecostofreimbursementshallnotbereducedordeniedforyourfailuretoprovide
therequirednoticetotheschooldistrictofyourdisagreementandyourintenttoenrollyour
childinaprivateschool,if:
1. Theschoolpreventedyoufromprovidingthenotice;
2. YouwerenotgivenyourSouthDakotaParentalRightsandProceduralSafeguardsas
required,informingyouofyourresponsibilitytoprovidethenoticetotheschool
district;or
3. Compliancewiththenoticerequirementsbyyouwouldlikelyresultinphysicalharm
toyourchild.
Additionally,thecostofreimbursementmay,atthediscretionofthehearingofficerorcourt,
notbereducedordeniedforyourfailuretocomplywiththenoticerequirements,if:
1. YouarenotliterateorcannotwriteinEnglish;or
2. Compliancewiththenoticerequirementsbyyouwouldlikelyresultinseriousemotional
harmtoyourchild.

19


DISCIPLINEOFSTUDENTSWITHDISABILITIES
GeneralAuthority
34CFR300.530(a)(d);ARSD24:05:26:02.02;ARSD24:05:26:02.01

Whenyourchildwithadisabilityviolatesacodeofstudentconduct,schoolpersonnelmay
removeyourchildfromhisorhercurrentplacementtoanappropriateinterimalternative
educationalsettingoranothersetting,orsuspendyourchild,fornotmorethan10consecutive
schooldays,totheextenttheseconsequencesareappliedtonondisabledchildren.Additional
removalsofnotmorethan10consecutiveschooldaysinthatsameschoolyearforseparate
incidentsofmisconductmayoccuraslongasthoseremovalsdonotconstituteachangeof
placement(seeDisciplinaryChangeofPlacementbelow).

Foranydayofremovalbeyond10schooldaysinthesameschoolyearthatdoesnot
constituteachangeofplacement,schoolpersonnel,inconsultationwithatleastoneofthe
childsteachers,mustdeterminetheextenttowhichservicesareneeded,toenablethechildto
continuetoparticipateinthegeneraleducationcurriculum,althoughinanothersetting,andto
progresstowardmeetingthegoalssetoutinthechildsIEP.Theschooldistrictmustprovide
yourchildwiththeservicesdeterminedbyschoolpersonnelinconsultationwithatleastoneof
thechildsteachers.

Schoolpersonnelmayconsideranyuniquecircumstancesonacasebycasebasiswhen
determiningwhetherachangeinplacementisappropriateforyourchildwhenheorshe
violatesacodeofstudentconduct.Whenmakingacasebycasedeterminationregarding
whetheradisciplinarychangeinplacementisappropriate,factorssuchasyourchilds
disciplinaryhistory,abilitytounderstandconsequences,expressionofremorse,andsupports
providedtoyourchildpriortotheviolationofaschoolcodecouldbeuniquecircumstances
consideredbyschoolpersonnel.
DisciplinaryChangeofPlacement
34CFR300.536;ARSD24:05:26:02.01;34CFR300.530(h)
Aremovalofyourchildfromhisorhercurrenteducationalplacementisachangeofplacement
if:
1. Theremovalisformorethan10consecutiveschooldays;or
2. Yourchildhasbeensubjectedtoaseriesofremovalsthatconstituteapatternbecause:
a. Theseriesofremovalstotalmorethan10schooldaysinaschoolyear;
b. Yourchildsbehaviorissubstantiallysimilartohisorherbehaviorinprevious
incidentsthatresultedintheseriesofremovals;and
c. Otheradditionalfactorssuchasthelengthofeachremoval,thetotalamountof
timethechildhasbeenremoved,andtheproximityoftheremovalstooneanother.
20

Theschooldistrictdetermineswhetherapatternofremovalsconstitutesachangeof
placementonacasebycasebasis.Whentheschooldistrictdecidestoremoveyourchild
becauseofaviolationofacodeofconductinamannerthatwillresultinachangeof
placement,theschooldistrictmustnotifyyouthatsameday,andprovideyouwiththis
proceduralsafeguardsnotice.

Thisdeterminationofwhetheraremovalisachangeofplacementissubjecttoreviewthrough
dueprocesshearingandjudicialproceedings.

AnIEPTeammeetingmustbeheldtoconductaManifestationDeterminationbeforemakinga
disciplinarychangeofplacementofyourchild.
ManifestationDeterminationandPossibleOutcomes
34CFR300.530(c)and(e);ARSD24:05:26:09.03;34CFR300.531;ARSD24:05:26:09.02

Within10schooldaysofanydecisiontochangetheplacementofyourchildbecauseofa
violationofacodeofstudentconduct,yourchild'sIEPTeam(asdeterminedbyyouandthe
schooldistrict)mustreviewallrelevantinformationinyourchildsfile,includinghisorherIEP,
anyteacherobservations,andanyrelevantinformationprovidedbyyoutodetermine:

1. Iftheconductinquestionwascausedby,orhadadirectandsubstantialrelationshipto,
yourchild'sdisability;or

2. Iftheconductinquestionwasthedirectresultoftheschooldistrict'sfailureto
implementyourchildsIEP.

Ifyourchild'sIEPTeamdeterminesthateither(1)or(2)aboveweremet,theconductisa
manifestationofyourchild'sdisability.

Iftheviolationofthecodeofconductwasamanifestationofyourchildsdisability,theschool
districtmusttakeimmediatestepstochangethesituation.Additionally,theIEPTeammust:

1. Conductafunctionalbehaviorassessment(FBA),unlesstheschooldistricthad
conductedaFBAbefore,andimplementabehavioralinterventionplan(BIP)foryour
child;or
2. IfaBIPhasalreadybeendeveloped,reviewtheBIP,andmodifyit,asnecessary,to
addressthebehavior;and
3. Exceptasprovidedincasesofspecialcircumstances(i.e.weapons,drugs,serious
bodilyinjury)yourchildmustbereturnedtohisorheroriginalplacement,unlessyou
andtheschooldistrictagreetoachangeofplacementaspartofthemodificationof
yourchildsBIP.

21

Iftheviolationofthecodeofconductwasnotamanifestationofyourchildsdisability,the
childmaybedisciplinedinthesamemannerandforthesamelengthoftimeaschildren
withoutdisabilities(exceptthatservicesmustbeprovidedtoyourchild).Sincetheremovalisa
changeofplacement,theIEPTeammust:
1. Ensurethatyourchildreceivesasappropriate,aFBA,andbehavioralintervention
servicesandmodifications,thataredesignedtoaddressthebehaviorviolationsothatit
doesnothappenagain;
2. Decidetheservicestobeprovidedtoyourchildtoenablehimorhertocontinueto
participateinthegeneraleducationcurriculum,althoughinanothersetting,andto
progresstowardmeetingthegoalssetoutinyourchildsIEP;and
3. Decidetheinterimalternativeeducationalsettingfordeliveringservicestoyourchild.
SpecialCircumstancesandPossibleOutcomes
34CFR300.530(g);34CFR300.531;ARSD24:05:26:09.02
Evenifyourchildsbehaviorisdeterminedtobeamanifestationofyourchild'sdisability,
schoolpersonnelmayremoveyourchildtoaninterimalternativeeducationalsetting(IAES)for
notmorethan45schooldays,ifyourchild:
1. Carriesaweapontoorpossessesaweaponatschool,onschoolpremises,orataschool
function;
2. Knowinglypossessesorusesillegaldrugs,orsellsorsolicitsthesaleofacontrolled
substance,whileatschool,onschoolpremises,orataschoolfunction;or
3. Hasinflictedseriousbodilyinjuryuponanotherpersonwhileatschool,onschool
premises,orataschoolfunction.
Beforechangingthechildsplacementduetothesespecialcircumstances,theIEPTeammust:
1. Ensurethatyourchildreceivesasappropriate,aFBA,andbehavioralintervention
servicesandmodifications,thataredesignedtoaddressthebehaviorviolationsothatit
doesnothappenagain;
2. Decidetheservicestobeprovidedtoyourchildtoenablehimorhertocontinueto
participateinthegeneraleducationcurriculum,althoughinanothersetting,andto
progresstowardmeetingthegoalssetoutinyourchildsIEP;and
3. Decidetheinterimalternativeeducationalsettingfordeliveringservicestoyourchild.
Ifthebehaviorisdeterminedtonotbeamanifestationofthechildsdisability,thechildmaybe
disciplinedinthesamemannerandforthesamelengthoftimeaschildrenwithoutdisabilities
asdescribedaboveunderManifestationDetermination.
Forfurtherinformationontheaboveissues,pleaseseethedefinitionsinAppendix.
DueProcessHearingComplaintsRegardingDisciplineofStudentswithDisabilities
34CFR300.532(a);ARSD24:05:26:09.06;34CFR300.532(b);ARSD24:05:26:08.02;34CFR
300.532(c);ARSD24:05:26:09.08;34.CFR300.533;ARSD24:05:26:09.07
22


Ifyoudisagreewithanydecisionregardingmanifestationdeterminationorplacementofyour
childunderthedisciplineproceduresoftheIDEA,youmayrequestahearingbyfilingadue
processhearingcomplaint.

Additionally,ifaschooldistrictbelievesthatmaintainingthecurrentplacementofyourchildis
substantiallylikelytoresultininjurytoyourchildorothers,theschooldistrictmayrequesta
hearingbyfilingadueprocesshearingcomplaint.

Ahearingofficerhears,andmakesadeterminationregarding,anappealrequestedunderthe
disciplineappealssectionoftheIDEA.Thehearingofficermay:

1. Returnyourchildtotheoriginalplacementifthehearingofficerdeterminesthatthe
removalwasaviolationofthedisciplineproceduresorthatyourchild'sbehaviorwasa
manifestationofthechild'sdisability;or
2. Orderachangeofplacementofyourchildtoanappropriateinterimalternative
educationalsettingfornotmorethan45schooldays,ifthehearingofficerdetermines
thatmaintainingthecurrentplacementofyourchildissubstantiallylikelytoresultin
injurytothechildortoothers.
Theschooldistrictmayrepeattheprocessofrequestingahearingtoextendthechangeof
placementforanother45schooldayperiodiftheschooldistrictbelievesyourchildis
substantiallylikelytoinjurehimorherselforotherchildrenifreturnedtotheoriginal
placement.

WheneverahearingisrequestedunderthedisciplineappealssectionoftheIDEA,youorthe
schooldistrictinvolvedinthedisputemusthaveanopportunityforaquickimpartialdue
processhearing.Thesearereferredtoasexpediteddueprocesshearings.

TheStateSpecialEducationProgramsisresponsibleforarrangingtheexpediteddueprocess
hearing,whichmustoccurwithin20schooldaysofthedatethatthehearingrequestisfiled.
Thehearingofficermustmakeadecisionwithin10schooldaysafterthedateofthehearing.

UnlessyouandtheschooldistrictagreeinwritingtowaivetheResolutionMeeting,oragreeto
usethemediationprocess:
1. AResolutionMeetingmustoccurwithinsevendaysofreceivingnoticeofthedue
processhearingcomplaint;and

2. Thedueprocesshearingmayproceedunlessthematterhasbeenresolvedwithin15
daysofthereceiptofthedueprocesshearingcomplaint.
Youortheschooldistrictmayappealthedecisionofthehearingofficerinanexpediteddue
processhearinginthesamewayasyouappealdecisionsinotherdueprocesshearings.

23

WhenahearingisrequestedunderthedisciplineappealssectionoftheIDEAbyeitherthe
parentortheschooldistrict,thechildmustremaininthe InterimAlternativeEducationalSetting
untiltheappealisresolvedunlesstherearespecialcircumstancesand/oryouandtheschool
districtagreeotherwise.
ProtectionsforChildrenNotDeterminedEligibleforSpecialEducationandRelatedServices
34CFR300.534;ARSD24:05:26:14

Achildwhohasviolatedthecodeofconductbuthasnotyetbeendeterminedeligiblefor
specialeducationandrelatedservicesmayclaimanyoftheIDEAprotections,iftheschool
districthadknowledgethatthechildwasachildwithadisability.

ForpurposesofextendingtheIDEAprotections,aschooldistrictispresumedtohave
knowledgethatachildisachildwithadisabilityifbeforethebehaviorthatresultedin
disciplinaryactionoccurred:

1. Youexpressedconcerninwritingtosupervisory,administrativepersonnelorateacher
ofyourchild,thatyourchildisinneedofspecialeducationandrelatedservices;
2. Yourequestedanevaluationofyourchild;or
3. Yourchildsteacher,orotherpersonnelofthelocaleducationalagency,expressed
specificconcernsdirectlytothedirectorofspecialeducationoftheschooldistrictorto
othersupervisorypersonneloftheschooldistrictaboutapatternofbehavior
demonstratedbyyourchild.
Aschooldistrictisnotpresumedtoknowthatyourchildisachildwithadisabilityifyoudidnot
allowanevaluationofyourchild,oryourefusedtoconsenttoyourchildreceivingspecial
educationorrelatedservicesunderPartBoftheIDEA,oryourchildwaspreviouslyevaluated
anddeterminedtonotbeachildwithadisabilityunderPartBoftheIDEA.

Iftheschooldistrictdidnotknowthatyourchildisachildwithadisabilitybeforedisciplining
yourchild,theIDEAprotectionsdonotextendtoyourchild.Instead,theregulardisciplinary
measuresthatnondisabledchildrenreceiveforviolationsofcodeofconductapplytoyour
child.However,ifarequestismadebyyouortheschooldistricttoevaluateyourchildduring
thedisciplinaryperiod,theevaluationmustbecompletedbytheschooldistrictinanexpedited
manner.Duringthisexpeditedevaluationperiod,untiltheevaluationiscompleted,yourchild
willremainintheeducationalplacementdeterminedbyschoolauthorities,whichcaninclude
suspensionorexpulsionwithouteducationalservices.Consideringinformationfromthe
evaluationconductedbytheschooldistrictandinformationprovidedbyyou,ifyourchildis
ultimatelydeterminedtobeachildwithadisability,theschooldistrictmustprovidespecial
educationandrelatedservicestoyourchildinaccordancewithalltheprovisionsofPartBof
theIDEAincludingthedisciplinaryprovisionsandFAPErequirements.

24


STATEDISPUTERESOLUTIONPROCEDURES
DifferencesBetweenDueProcessHearingComplaintandStateComplaintProcedures
34CFR300.504(c)(5)(iii)
TheregulationsforPartBoftheIDEAsetforthseparateproceduresforStatecomplaintsand
fordueprocesshearingcomplaints.
1. AnyindividualororganizationmayfileaStatecomplaintallegingaviolationofanyIDEA
PartBrequirementbyaschooldistrict,theSouthDakotaDepartmentofEducation,
StateSpecialEducationPrograms,oranyotherpublicagency.
2. Onlyaparentofachildwithadisabilityoraschooldistrictmayfileadueprocess
hearingcomplaintonanymatterrelatingto:
a. aproposalorarefusaltoinitiateorchangetheidentification,evaluationor
educationalplacementofthechildwithadisability,or
b. theprovisionofFAPEtothechild.
3. TheStateSpecialEducationProgramsgenerallymustresolveaStatecomplaintwithina
60calendardaytimeline.Animpartialdueprocesshearingofficermustconductadue
processhearing(ifthedueprocesscomplaintisnototherwiseresolvedduringaninitial
30dayresolutionperiod)andissueawrittendecisionwithin45calendardaysafterthe
endofthe30dayresolutionperiod,unlessthehearingofficergrantsaspecific
extensionofthetimelineatyourrequestortheschooldistrict'srequest.
4. SeebelowforfurtherinformationregardingtheStatecomplaintanddueprocess
complaintresolutionandhearingprocedures.
StateComplaints
34CFR300.151;ARSD24:05:15:02;34CFR300.153;ARSD24:05:15:03;34CFR300.152;ARSD
24:05:15:05

AStatecomplaintisawrittensignedstatementbyanindividualororganization,includingout
ofstatecomplainants,allegingthattheSouthDakotaDepartmentofEducation,StateSpecial
EducationProgramsoraschooldistricthasviolatedarequirementofPartBoftheIDEAorits
implementingfederalorStatestatutes,rulesorregulationsthatapplytospecialeducation
programs.Thecomplaintmustalsoincludethefactsofthesituation.

InresolvingaStatecomplaintthataschooldistrictfailedtoprovideappropriateservices,the
StateSpecialEducationProgramsmustaddress:
1. Thefailuretoprovideappropriateservicesincludingcorrectiveactionappropriateto
addresstheneedsofthechild(suchascompensatoryservicesorreimbursement);and
2. Appropriatefutureprovisionofservicesforallchildrenwithdisabilities.

25

AnorganizationorindividualmayfileasignedwrittenStatecomplaint.
Thecomplaintmustinclude:
1. AstatementthattheSouthDakotaDepartmentofEducation,StateSpecialEducation
ProgramsoraschooldistricthasviolatedarequirementofPartBoftheAct,orits
implementingfederalorStatestatutes,rulesorregulationsthatapplytothespecial
educationprogram;
2. Thefactsonwhichthestatementisbased;
3. Thesignatureandcontactinformationforthecomplainant;and
4. Ifallegingviolationswithrespecttoaspecificchild:

(a) Thenameandaddressoftheresidenceofthechild;

(b) Thenameoftheschoolthechildisattending;

(c) Inthecaseofahomelesschildoryouth(withinthemeaningofsection725(2)of
theMcKinneyVentoHomelessAssistanceAct(42U.S.C.11434a(2)),available
contactinformationforthechild,andthenameoftheschoolthechildis
attending;

(d) Adescriptionofthenatureoftheproblemofthechild,includingfactsrelatingto
theproblem;and

(e) Aproposedresolutionoftheproblemtotheextentknownandavailabletothe
partyatthetimethecomplaintisfiled.
Thecomplaintmustallegeaviolationthatoccurrednotmorethanoneyearbeforethedate
thatthecomplaintisreceivedbythedepartment.

TheStateSpecialEducationProgramshasdevelopedamodelformtoassistparentsandother
partiesinfilingastatecomplaint;however,youarenotrequiredtousethismodelform.You
mayusetheappropriatemodelformoranotherformorotherdocument,solongastheform
ordocumentthatisusedmeets,asappropriate,thecontentrequirementsforfilingaState
complaint.

ThepartyfilingtheStatecomplaintmustforwardacopyofthecomplainttotheschooldistrict
servingthechildatthesametimethepartyfilesthecomplaintwiththeStateSpecialEducation
Programs.

TheStateDirectorofSpecialEducationProgramsappointsacomplaintinvestigatorandany
consultantsnecessarytoinvestigatethecomplaint.

Theinvestigatormayconductanindependentonsiteinvestigation,ifnecessary.

26

Theinvestigatormustallowthecomplainanttosubmitadditionalinformationbeyondwhatwas
includedinthewrittenStatecomplaint,eitherorallyorinwriting,abouttheallegationsinthe
complaint.

Theinvestigatorshallallowtheschooldistricttorespondtothecomplaint,including,ata
minimum:
1. Atthediscretionoftheschooldistrict,offeringaproposaltoresolvethecomplaint;and
2. Affordinganopportunityforaparentwhohasfiledacomplaintandtheschooldistrict
tovoluntarilyengageinmediation.
The investigator shall make a recommendation to the State Director of Special Education
Programs;

Afterreviewingallrelevantinformation,theStateDirectorofSpecialEducationProgramsshall
make an independent determination as to whether the complaint is valid, what corrective
actionisnecessarytoresolvethecomplaintandthetimelimitwhencorrectiveactionistobe
completed.TheStateDirectorofSpecialEducationProgramsshallsubmitawrittenreportof
thefinaldecisiontoallpartiesinvolved.

Thewrittenreportshalladdresseachallegationinthecomplaint,containfindingsoffactand
conclusions,andincludereasonsforthefinaldecision.

Documentationsupportingthecorrectiveactionstakenbyaschooldistrictshallbemaintained
bytheStateSpecialEducationProgramsandincorporatedintotheState'smonitoringprocess.

Allcomplaintsmustberesolvedwithin60daysafterreceiptofthecomplaintbytheState
DirectorofSpecialEducationProgramsexceptasstatedinthissection.Thetimelimitof60
daysmaybeextendedonlyunderexceptionalcircumstancesasdeterminedbytheState
DirectorofSpecialEducationPrograms,suchastheneedforadditionaltimetoprovide
necessaryinformation.Underthesecircumstances,anextensionoftimemaynotexceed30
daysinanyoneinstance.

Inaddition,the60daytimelimitmaybeextended,iftheparent,individual,ororganizationand
theschooldistrictinvolvedinthecomplaintagreetoextendthetimeinordertoengagein
mediationtoattempttoresolvetheissuesspecifiedinthecomplaint.

AnissuecannotsimultaneouslybethesubjectofbothaStatecomplaintanddueprocess
hearingcomplaint.Ifthisoccurs, theStateshallsetasideanypartoftheStatecomplaintthatis
beingaddressedinthedueprocesshearinguntiltheconclusionofthehearing.Anyotherissues
intheStatecomplaintthatarenotapartofthedueprocesshearingcomplaintshallbe
resolvedinatimelymannerthroughtheStatecomplaintprocess.

27

IfanissueisraisedinaStatecomplainthaspreviouslybeendecidedinadueprocesshearing
involvingthesameparties,thehearingdecisionisbindingonthatissueandtheStateSpecial
EducationProgramsmustinformthecomplainanttothateffect.

AStatecomplaintallegingaschooldistrictsfailuretoimplementadueprocesshearing
decisionmustberesolvedbytheStateSpecialEducationPrograms.
Mediation
34CFR300.506;ARSD24:05.30.05

PartiestodisputesinvolvinganymatterundertheStatesspecialeducationrulesmayresolve
theirdisputesthroughamediationprocess.
1. Participationinmediationisvoluntaryandfreelyagreedtobytheparties.
2. Mediationmaynotbeusedtodenyordelayaparentsrighttoahearingontheparents
dueprocesshearingcomplaintortodenyanyotherrightsaffordedunderPartBofthe
IDEA.
3. Mediationmustbeconductedbyaqualifiedandimpartialmediatorwhoistrainedin
effectivemediationtechniques.
4. Mediatorsareselectedonarandom,rotational,orotherimpartialbasis.
TheStateSpecialEducationProgramsshallmaintainalistofindividualswhoarequalified
mediatorsandknowledgeableinlawsandregulationsrelatingtotheprovisionofspecial
educationandrelatedservices.TheStatewillbearthecostofthemediationprocess,including
meetingswithadisinterestedparty.

Eachsessioninthemediationprocessmustbescheduledinatimelymannerandmustbeheld
inalocationthatisconvenienttoyouandtheschooldistrict.Mediationisaninformalprocess,
conductedinanonadversarialatmosphere.

Ifyouandtheschooldistrictresolveadisputethroughthemediationprocess,youandthe
schooldistrictmustsignalegallybindingagreementthatsetsforththetermsofthat
agreementandfurtherprovidesthatalldiscussionsthatoccurredduringthemediationprocess
willremainconfidentialandmaynotbeusedasevidenceinanysubsequentdueprocess
hearingorcivilproceedingarisingfromthatdispute.Theagreementmustbesignedbyboth
youandarepresentativeoftheschooldistrictwhohastheauthoritytosignfortheschool
district.

Awritten,signedmediationagreementunderthissectionisenforceableinanyStatecourtorin
adistrictcourtoftheUnitedStates.

Ifyouchoosenottousethemediationprocess,theStateSpecialEducationProgramsorthe
schooldistrictmayofferyouanopportunitytomeet,atatimeandlocationconvenienttoyou,
withadisinterestedparty,toencouragetheuseof,andexplainthebenefitsof,themediation
28

processtoyou.Thispartyisundercontractwithaparenttrainingandinformationcenterora
communityparentresourcecenterestablishedinthestateoranappropriatealternative
disputeresolutionentity.
DueProcessHearingComplaint
34CFR300.507

Youoraschooldistrictmayfileadueprocesshearingcomplaintonanymatterrelatingtothe
identification,evaluation,educationalplacement,orprovisionofFAPEtoyourchild.

Youmayfileanotherdueprocesshearingcomplaintonanissuethatisseparatefromadue
processhearingcomplaintalreadyfiledbyyouortheschooldistrict.

Thedueprocesshearingcomplaintmustallegeaviolationthatoccurrednotmorethantwo
yearsbeforethedateyouortheschooldistrict(iftheschooldistrictisrequestingthehearing)
kneworshouldhaveknownabouttheallegedbasisofthedueprocesshearingcomplaint.This
timelinedescribedabovedoesnotapplytoyouifyouwerepreventedfromfilingadueprocess
hearingcomplaintdueto:
1. Specificmisrepresentationsbytheschooldistrictthatithadresolvedtheproblem;or
2. TheschooldistrictnotsharingrequiredinformationunderPartBoftheIDEAwithyou.
Theschooldistrictmustinformyouofanyfreeorlowcostlegalandotherrelevantservices
availableintheareaif:

1. Yourequesttheinformation;or
2. Youortheschooldistrictfileadueprocesshearingcomplaint
FilingaDueProcessHearingComplaint
34CFR300.508509;ARSD24:05:30:07.01

You,ortheschooldistrict(iftheschooldistrictisrequestingthehearing),ortheattorney
representingapartywhoisrequestingthehearing,mustsubmitaconfidentialdueprocess
hearingcomplainttotheotherparty.

Thepartyfilingthedueprocesshearingcomplaintmustalsoforwardacopyofthedueprocess
hearingcomplainttotheStateSpecialEducationPrograms.

Thedueprocesshearingcomplaintmustincludethefollowinginformation:
1. Thenameofthechild;
2. Theaddressoftheresidenceofthechild;
3. Thenameoftheschoolthechildisattending;

29

4. Inthecaseofahomelesschildoryouth(withinthemeaningofsection725(2)ofthe
McKinneyVentoHomelessAssistanceAct(42U.S.C.11434a(2)),availablecontact
informationforthechild,andthenameoftheschoolthechildisattending;
5. Adescriptionofthenatureoftheproblemofthechildrelatingtotheproposedor
refusedinitiationorchange,includingfactsrelatingtotheproblem;and
6. Aproposedresolutionoftheproblem.
TheStateSpecialEducationProgramshasdevelopedamodelformtoassistyouandschool
districtsinfilingadueprocesshearingcomplaintnotice.Youarenotrequiredtousethemodel
forms.ApartyrequestingadueprocesshearingmayusetheStatedevelopedmodelform,
anotherform,orotherdocumentaslongastheformordocumentthatisusedmeetsthe
contentrequirementsforfilingadueprocesshearingcomplaint.
Youortheschooldistrictmaynothaveahearingonadueprocesscomplaintuntiltheparty
requestingthedueprocesshearingsubmitsadueprocesscomplaintthatmeetstheIDEAPartB
requirementslistedabove.

SufficiencyofComplaint
ARSD24:05:30:08.04

Thedueprocesshearingcomplaintwillbeconsideredsufficientunlessthepartyreceivingthe
dueprocesshearingcomplaint,notifiesthehearingofficerandtheotherpartyinwriting,
within15daysofreceiptofthedueprocesshearingcomplaint,thatthereceivingparty
believesthedueprocesshearingcomplaintdoesnotmeetthecontentrequirementsofthe
IDEA.

Withinfivedaysofreceiptofsuchnotification,thehearingofficermustmakeadetermination
onthefaceofthedueprocesshearingcomplaintofwhethertheduehearingprocesshearing
complaintmeetsthecontentrequirementsoftheIDEA,andmustimmediatelynotifythe
partiesinwritingofthatdetermination.

Apartymayamenditsdueprocesshearingcomplaintonlyif:
1. Theotherpartyconsentsinwritingtotheamendmentandisgiventheopportunity
toresolvetheamendeddueprocesshearingcomplaintthroughaResolution
Meeting;or
2. Thehearingofficergrantspermission,exceptthatthehearingofficermayonlygrant
permissiontoamendatanytimenotlaterthanfivedaysbeforethedueprocess
hearingbegins.
TheapplicabletimelineforadueprocesshearingunderPartBshallrestartatthetimetheparty
filesanamendeddueprocesshearingcomplaint,includingthetimelineforaResolution
Meeting.

DistrictResponsetoaDueProcessHearingComplaintFiledbyaParent
30


Ifyouarethepartyrequestingthedueprocesshearingandtheschooldistricthasnotsenta
priorwrittennoticeunderPartBoftheIDEAtoyouregardingthesubjectmatterinyourdue
processhearingcomplaint,theschooldistrictmust,within10daysofreceivingthedueprocess
hearingcomplaint,sendtoyouaresponsethatincludes:
1. Anexplanationofwhytheschooldistrictproposedorrefusedtotaketheaction(s)
raisedinyourdueprocesshearingcomplaint;
2. AdescriptionofotheroptionsthattheIEPTeamconsideredandthereasonswhythose
optionswererejected;
3. Adescriptionofeachevaluationprocedure,assessment,record,orreporttheschool
districtusedasthebasisfortheproposedorrefusedaction(s);and
4. Adescriptionoftheotherfactorsthatarerelevanttotheschooldistrictsproposedor
refusedaction(s).
Aresponsebyaschooldistrictunderthissectionmustnotpreventtheschooldistrictfrom
assertingthatyourdueprocesshearingcomplaintwasinsufficient.
OtherPartyResponsetoaDueProcessHearingComplaint

Iftheschooldistrictisthepartyrequestingthedueprocesshearing,theparentreceivingadue
processhearingcomplaintmust,within10daysofreceivingthedueprocesshearingcomplaint,
sendtotheschooldistrictaresponsethatspecificallyrespondstotheissuesraisedinthedue
processhearingcomplaint.
ResolutionMeeting
34CFR300.510;ARSD24:05:30:08.12

Ifyouarethepartyrequestingadueprocesshearing,within15daysofreceivingnoticeofyour
dueprocesshearingcomplaint,andpriortotheinitiationofadueprocesshearing,theschool
districtmustconveneaResolutionMeetingthat:
1. IncludesyouandtherelevantmembersoftheIEPTeamwhohavespecificknowledge
ofthefactsidentifiedinyourdueprocesshearingcomplaint;
2. Includesarepresentativeoftheschooldistrictwhohasdecisionmakingauthorityon
behalfoftheschooldistrict;and
3. Doesnotincludeanattorneyoftheschooldistrictunlessyouattendwithanattorney.
YouandtheschooldistrictdeterminetherelevantmembersoftheIEPTeamtoattendthe
ResolutionMeeting.
ThepurposeoftheResolutionMeetingisforyoutodiscussyourdueprocesshearing
complaint,andthefactsthatformthebasisofyourdueprocesshearingcomplaint,sothatthe
schooldistricthastheopportunitytoresolvethedisputethatisthebasisforthedueprocess
hearingcomplaint.
31


ThisResolutionMeetingisrequiredunless:
1. Youandtheschooldistrictagreeinwritingtowaivethemeeting;or
2. Youandtheschooldistrictagreetousethemediationprocessdescribedinthis
document.
30DayResolutionPeriod

Iftheschooldistricthasnotresolvedthedueprocesshearingcomplainttoyoursatisfaction
within30daysofthereceiptofadueprocesshearingcomplaintfiledbyyou,thedueprocess
hearingmayoccur.Exceptasprovidedbelow,thetimelineforissuingafinaldecisionundera
dueprocesshearingbeginsattheexpirationofthis30dayresolutionperiod.

UnlessyouandtheschooldistricthavebothagreedtowaivetheResolutionMeetingortouse
mediationratherthanaResolutionMeeting,yourfailuretoparticipateintheResolution
Meetingwilldelaythetimelinesfortheresolutionprocessanddueprocesshearinguntilafter
theResolutionMeetingisheld.

IftheschooldistrictisunabletoobtainyourparticipationintheResolutionMeetingafter
reasonableeffortshavebeenmadeanddocumented,theschooldistrictmay,attheconclusion
ofthe30dayresolutionperiod,requestthatahearingofficerdismissyourdueprocesshearing
complaint.

DocumentationoftheschooldistrictseffortstoobtainyourparticipationintheResolution
Meetingmustincludearecordoftheschooldistrictsattemptstoarrangeamutuallyagreed
upontimeandplace,suchas:

1. Detailedrecordsoftelephonecallsmadeorattemptedandtheresultsofthosecalls;
2. Copiesofcorrespondencesenttoyouandanyresponsesreceived;and
3. Detailedrecordsofvisitsmadetoyourhomeorplaceofemploymentandtheresultsof
thosevisits.
IftheschooldistrictfailstoholdtheResolutionMeetingwithin15daysofreceivingnoticeof
yourdueprocesshearingcomplaintorfailstoparticipateintheResolutionMeeting,youmay
seektheinterventionofahearingofficertobeginthedueprocesshearingtimeline.
Adjustmentstothe30dayResolutionPeriod
ARSD24:05:30:08.14
The30dayresolutionperiodisadjusted,andthe45daytimelineforthedueprocesshearing
starts,thedayafteroneofthefollowingeventsoccurs:
1. BothyouandtheschooldistrictagreeinwritingtowaivetheResolutionMeeting;

32

2. AftereitherthemediationorResolutionMeetingstartsbutbeforetheendofthe30
dayperiod,youandtheschooldistrictagreeinwritingthatnoagreementispossible;or
3. Ifbothyouandtheschooldistrictagreeinwritingtocontinuethemediationattheend
ofthe30dayresolutionperiod,butlater,youorthedistrictwithdrawsfromthe
mediationprocess.
WrittenSettlementAgreement
ARSD24:05:30:08.15

IfaresolutiontothedisputeisreachedattheResolutionMeeting,youandtheschooldistrict
mustexecutealegallybindingagreementthatis:

1. Signedbybothyouandarepresentativeoftheschooldistrictwhohastheauthorityto
signfortheschooldistrict;and
2. EnforceableinanyStatecourtorinadistrictcourtoftheUnitedStates.

IfyouandtheschooldistrictexecuteawrittensettlementagreementataResolutionMeeting,
eitheryouortheschooldistrictmaycanceltheagreementwithin3businessdaysofthe
agreement'ssigning.
ImpartialDueProcessHearing
34CFR300.511515;ARSD24:05:30:09.04

Wheneveradueprocesshearingcomplaintisreceived,includingadueprocesshearing
complaintrelatingtodisciplinaryprocedures,unlesssatisfactorilyresolvedpriortothedue
processhearing,youortheschooldistrictinvolvedinthedisputemusthaveanopportunityfor
adueprocesshearing.TheStateSpecialEducationProgramsisresponsibleforensuringthatan
impartialdueprocesshearingisheld.

ImpartialHearingOfficer
ARSD24:05:30:10

Ataminimum,ahearingofficermust:

1. Beimpartial(i.e.notbeanemployeeoftheSouthDakotaDepartmentofEducationor
thelocalschooldistrict,andnothaveapersonalorprofessionalinterestthatconflicts
withthepersonsobjectivityinthehearing);
2. Possessknowledgeof,andtheabilitytounderstand,theprovisionsoftheIDEA,Federal
andStateregulationspertainingtotheIDEA,andlegalinterpretationsoftheIDEAby
FederalandStatecourts;
3. Possesstheknowledgeandabilitytoconducthearingsinaccordancewithappropriate,
standardlegalpractice;

33

4. Possess theknowledgeandabilitytorenderandwritedecisionsinaccordancewith
appropriate,standardlegalpractice.
TheStateSpecialEducationProgramsandschooldistrictshallkeepalistofthepersonswho
serveashearingofficers.Thelistmustincludeastatementofthequalificationsofeachofthose
persons.
SubjectMatterofDueProcessHearings
ARSD24:05:30:09.05

Youortheschooldistrictrequestingthedueprocesshearingmaynotraiseissuesatthedue
processhearingthatwerenotraisedinthedueprocesscomplaintunlesstheotherparty
agrees.
HearingRights
ARSD24:05:30:12

Anypartytoahearinghastherightto:

1. Beaccompaniedandadvisedbylegalcounselandbyindividualswithspecialknowledge
ortrainingwithrespecttotheproblemsofchildrenwithdisabilitiesexceptthatneither
partyhastherighttoberepresentedbyanonattorneyatahearing;
2. Presentevidenceandconfront,crossexamine,andcompeltheattendanceofwitnesses;
3. Prohibittheintroductionofanyevidenceatthehearingthathasnotbeendisclosedto
thatpartyatleast5businessdaysbeforethehearing;
4. Obtainawritten,or,atyouroption,anelectronic,verbatimrecordofthehearing;and
5. Obtainwritten,or,atyouroption,electronicfindingsoffactanddecisions.
AdditionalDisclosureofInformation
ARSD24:05:30:12.01

Atleastfivebusinessdayspriortoahearing,youandtheschooldistrictshalldisclosetothe
otherallevaluationscompletedbythatdateandrecommendationsbasedonevaluationsthat
youortheschooldistrictintendtouseatthehearing.

Ahearingofficermayexcludetherelevantevaluationorrecommendationatthehearingfor
failuretocomplywithdisclosurerequirements.
ParentalRightsatHearings

Asaparentinvolvedinahearing,youhavetherightto:
1. Havethechildwhoisthesubjectofthehearingpresent;
2. Openthehearingtothepublic;and
34

3. Havetherecordofthehearingandthefindingsoffactanddecisionsprovidedatnocost
toyou.
HearingDecisions
ARSD24:05:30:10.01

AhearingofficersdecisionthatachildwasdeniedFAPEmustbebasedonsubstantivegrounds
unlesstheproceduralviolationmeetsthecriteriaforadenialofFAPE.

Inmattersallegingaproceduralviolation,ahearingofficermayfindthatyourchilddidnot
receiveFAPEonlyiftheproceduralinadequacies:

1. Impededyourchild'srighttoFAPE;
2. SignificantlyimpededyouropportunitytoparticipateintheIEPdecisionmaking
processregardingtheprovisionofFAPEtoyourchild;or
3. Causedadeprivationofeducationalbenefittoyourchild.
Nothinginthissectionshallbeconstruedtoprecludeahearingofficerfromorderingaschool
districttocomplywiththeIDEAproceduralrequirements.
FindingsandDecisionstoAdvisoryPanelandGeneralPublic
TheStateSpecialEducationPrograms,afterdeletinganypersonallyidentifiableinformation,
shalltransmitthefindingsanddecisionsofthehearingofficertotheStateadvisorypanel,and
makethosefindingsanddecisionsavailabletothepublic.
FinalityofDecision

Adecisionmadeinahearingisfinal,exceptthatanypartyinvolvedinthehearingmayappeal
thedecisionthroughcivilaction.
HearingTimelines

Notlaterthan45daysaftertheexpirationofthe30dayresolutionperiodoradjustedtime
period,ifapplicable,theStateSpecialEducationProgramsshallensurethat:
1. Afinaldecisionisreachedinthehearing;and
2. Acopyofthedecisionismailedtoyouandtheschooldistrict.
Ahearingofficermaygrantspecificextensionsofthistimelineattherequestofyouorthe
schooldistrict.

Eachhearingmustbeconductedatatimeandplacethatisreasonablyconvenienttoyouand
childinvolved.

35

CivilActions
34CFR300.516;ARSD24:05:30:11

Eitherpartytoadueprocesshearing(youortheschooldistrict)whoisnotsatisfiedwiththe
findingsanddecisionsofthehearingofficer(includingahearingrelatingtodisciplinary
procedures)hastherighttobringacivilactionwithrespecttothedueprocesshearing
complaint.TheactionmaybebroughtinanyStatecourtthathastheauthoritytohearthistype
ofcaseorinadistrictcourtoftheUnitedStateswithoutregardtotheamountincontroversy.

Thepartybringingtheactionhas90daysfromthedateofthedecisionofthehearingofficerto
fileacivilaction.

Inthecivilaction,thecourt:

1. Shallreceivetherecordsoftheadministrativeproceedings;
2. Shallhearadditionalevidenceattherequestofaparty;and
3. Basingitsdecisiononthepreponderanceoftheevidence,shallgrantthereliefthatthe
courtdeterminestobeappropriate.
NothinginPartBoftheIDEArestrictsorlimitstherights,procedures,andremediesavailable
undertheConstitution,theAmericanswithDisabilitiesActof1990,titleVoftheRehabilitation
Actof1973,orotherFederallawsprotectingtherightsofchildrenwithdisabilities,exceptthat
beforethefilingofacivilactionundertheselawsseekingreliefthatisalsoavailableunderPart
BoftheIDEA,thedueprocessproceduresforfilingadueprocesshearingcomplaintmustbe
exhaustedtothesameextentaswouldberequiredhadtheactionbeenbroughtunderPartB
oftheIDEA.
AttorneysFees
34CFR300.517;ARSD24:05:30:11.01

InanyactionorproceedingbroughtunderPartBoftheIDEA,thecourt,initsdiscretion,may
awardreasonableattorneysfeesaspartofthecoststoyouwhichtheschooldistrictmustpay,
ifyouaretheprevailingparty.
AResolutionMeetingisnotconsideredameetingconvenedasaresultofanadministrative
hearingorcourtaction,andalsoisnotconsideredanadministrativehearingorcourtactionfor
purposesoftheseattorneysfeesprovisions.

Thecourt,initsdiscretion,mayawardreasonableattorneysfeesaspartofcoststoaprevailing
StateDepartmentofEducationProgramsortheschooldistrict,whichthecourtmayrequire
yourattorneytopay,ifyourattorneyfilesadueprocesshearingcomplaintorsubsequent
causeofactionthatisfrivolous,unreasonable,orwithoutfoundation,orifyourattorney
continuedtolitigateafterthelitigationclearlybecamefrivolous,unreasonable,orwithout
foundation.
36


Thecourt,initsdiscretion,mayalsoawardreasonableattorneysfeesaspartofcoststoa
prevailingStateDepartmentofEducationortheschooldistrict,whichthecourtmayrequire
eitheryouoryourattorneytopay,ifyourrequestforadueprocesshearingorsubsequent
causeofactionwaspresentedforanyimproperpurpose,suchastoharass,tocause
unnecessarydelay,ortoneedlesslyincreasethecostoflitigation.

Ifyouaretheprevailingparty,thecourtwillreducetheamountoftheattorneysfeesawarded
toyouunderPartBoftheIDEA,ifthecourtfindsthatyou,oryourattorney,duringthecourse
oftheactionorproceeding:

1. Unreasonablydelayedthefinalresolutionofthedispute;

2. Yourattorneysfeesunreasonablyexceedthehourlyratechargedbysimilarattorneys
inthecommunityforsimilarservices;

3. Thetimespentandlegalservicesdeliveredbyyourattorneyisexcessivegiventhe
natureoftheproceeding;or

4. Yourattorneydidnotgivetheschooltheappropriateinformationinthedueprocess
hearingcomplaint.

Thesereductionprovisionsdonotapplyinanyactionorproceedingifthecourtfindsthatthe
StateDepartmentofEducationorthedistrictunreasonablydelayedthefinalresolutionofthe
actionorproceedingortherewasaviolationofPartBoftheIDEA.
ChildsStatusDuringProceedings(StayPut)
34CFR300.518;ARSD24:05:30:14

Duringanydueprocesshearingorjudicialproceedingregardingadueprocesscomplaint,
unlesstheStateSpecialEducationProgramsoryourschooldistrictandyouagreeotherwise,
thechildinvolvedinthedueprocesscomplaintshallstayinhisorhercurrenteducational
placement.

Ifyouareapplyingforinitialadmissiontoapublicschool,yourchildshall,withyourconsent,be
placedinthepublicschoolprogramuntilallsuchproceedingshavebeencompleted.

IfthedueprocesshearingcomplaintinvolvesarequestforinitialservicesunderPartBfroma
childwhoistransitioningfromPartCoftheIDEAtoPartBandisnolongereligibleforPartC
servicesbecausethechildhasturnedthree,theschooldistrictisnotrequiredtoprovidethe
PartCservicesthatthechildhadbeenreceiving.

IfthechildiseligibleforspecialeducationandrelatedservicesunderPartBandyouconsentto
theinitialprovisionofspecialeducationandrelatedservices,thentheschooldistrictmust
37

providethosespecialeducationandrelatedservicesthatarenotindisputebetweenyouand
theschooldistrict.

WhenahearingisrequestedunderthedisciplineproceduresoftheIDEAbyeithertheparent
ortheschooldistrict,thechildmustremainintheInterimAlternativeEducationalSettinguntil
theappealisresolvedunlesstherearespecialcircumstancesand/oryouandtheschooldistrict
agreeotherwise.

Ifahearingofficerinadueprocesshearingagreeswithyouthatachangeofplacementis
appropriate,thatplacementmustbetreatedasanagreementbetweentheStateSpecial
EducationProgramsandyouuntilthecompletionofthehearing.

TRANSFEROFPARENTALRIGHTSATAGEOFMAJORITY
34CFR300.520;ARSD24:05:30:16.01

Whenachildwithadisabilityreachestheageofmajority(exceptforachildwithadisability
whohasbeendeterminedtobeincompetentunderStatelaw),allrightsunderPartBofthe
IDEAtransferfromyoutoyouradultchildexceptthattheschooldistrictshallprovideany
noticerequiredunderspecialeducationtobothyouradultchildandyou.

Ifyourchildisincarceratedinanadultorjuvenile,State,orlocalcorrectionalinstitution,all
rightsunderPartBoftheIDEAtransfertoyourchild.

Theschooldistrictshallnotifythechildandyouofthetransferofrights.

If,consistentwithStatelaw,aneligiblechildwhohasnotbeenfoundtobeincompetentbya
courtisdeterminednottohavetheabilitytoprovideinformedconsentwithrespecttothe
educationalprogramofthechild,theschooldistrictshallappointtheparentor,iftheparentis
notavailable,anotherappropriateindividualtorepresenttheeducationalinterestsofthechild
throughoutthechildseligibilityunderPartBoftheIDEA.

38

SOURCESTOCONTACTFORADDITIONALASSISTANCEINUNDERSTANDINGYOURRIGHTS

SouthDakotaDepartmentofEducation
SpecialEducationPrograms
800GovernorsDrive
Pierre,SD575012294
voice(605)7733678
fax(605)7733782

SouthDakotaAdvocacyServices
221SouthCentral
Pierre,SD57501
18006584782(voice/TTY)or
(605)2248294

SouthDakotaParentConnection
3701W.49thStreet,Suite102
SiouxFalls,SD57106
18006404553

39

APPENDIX

ThefollowinginformationisdirectlytakenfromFederallawsandregulationsregarding
educationalrecords,specialcircumstancesindisciplineandnativelanguage.
EducationRecords
34CFR300.611(b)

(a)Thetermmeansthoserecordsthatare:

1. Directlyrelatedtoastudent;and

2. Maintainedbyaneducationalagencyorinstitutionorbyapartyactingforthe
agencyorinstitution.

(b)Thetermdoesnotinclude:

1. Recordsofinstructional,supervisory,andadministrativepersonnelandeducational
personnel ancillary to those persons that are kept in the sole possession of the
makeroftherecordandarenotaccessibleorrevealedtoanyotherpersonexcepta
temporarysubstituteforthemakeroftherecord;

2. Recordsofalawenforcementunitofaneducationalagencyorinstitution,butonlyif
educationrecordsmaintainedbytheagencyorinstitutionarenotdisclosedtothe
unit and the law enforcement records are maintained separately from education
records,maintainedsolelyforlawenforcementpurposes,anddisclosedonlytolaw
enforcementofficialsofthesamejurisdiction;

3. Records related to an individual who is employed by an educational agency or


institution that are made and maintained in the normal course of business, are
relatedexclusivelytotheindividualinthatindividual'scapacityasanemployee,and
arenotavailableforuseforanyotherpurpose.Recordsrelatingtoanindividualin
attendance at the agency or institution who is employed as a result of the
individual'sstatusasastudentareeducationalrecordsandnotexceptedunderthis
subdivision;

4. Recordsonastudentwhois18yearsofageorolder,orisattendinganinstitutionof
postsecondaryeducation,thatare:

(i)Madeormaintainedbyaphysician,psychiatrist,psychologist,orother
recognizedprofessionalorparaprofessionalactinginhisorherprofessional
capacityorassistinginaparaprofessionalcapacity;

40

(ii)Made,maintained,orusedonlyinconnectionwithtreatmentofthestudent;
and

(iii)Disclosedonlytoindividualsprovidingthetreatment.Forthepurposeofthis
definition,"treatment"doesnotincluderemedialeducationalactivitiesor
activitiesthatarepartoftheprogramofinstructionattheagencyorinstitution;

5. Records created or received by an educational agency or institution after an


individualisnolongerastudentinattendanceandthatarenotdirectlyrelatedto
theindividual'sattendanceasastudent;and

6. Gradesonpeergradedpapersbeforetheyarecollectedandrecordedbyateacher;

(Authority:20U.S.C.1232g(a)(4))
SpecialCircumstancesDefinitions
34CFR300.530(i)

ControlledsubstancemeansadrugorothersubstanceidentifiedunderSDCL3420B11to
3420B26,inclusive,orschedulesI,II,III,IV,orVinsection202(c)oftheControlled
SubstancesAct(21U.S.C.812(c)).

Illegaldrugmeansacontrolledsubstance;butdoesnotincludeacontrolledsubstancethat
islegallypossessedorusedunderthesupervisionofalicensedhealthcareprofessionalor
thatislegallypossessedorusedunderanyotherauthorityunderSDCL3420B11to34
20B26,inclusive,orunderanyotherprovisionofFederallaw.

Seriousbodilyinjuryhasthemeaninggiventhetermseriousbodilyinjuryunder
paragraph(3)ofsubsection(h)ofsection1365oftitle18,UnitedStatesCode.

Thetermseriousbodilyinjurymeansbodilyinjurythatinvolves
o Asubstantialriskofdeath;
o Extremephysicalpain;
o Protractedandobviousdisfigurement;or
o Protractedlossorimpairmentofthefunctionofabodilymember,organ,or
mentalfaculty.

Weaponhasthemeaninggiventhetermdangerousweaponunderparagraph(2)ofthe
firstsubsection(g)ofsection930oftitle18,UnitedStatesCode.

Thetermdangerousweaponmeansaweapon,device,instrument,material,or
substance,animateorinanimate,thatisusedfor,orisreadilycapableof,causingdeath
orseriousbodilyinjury,exceptthatsuchtermdoesnotincludeapocketknifewitha
bladeoflessthan21/2inchesinlength.
41

NativeLanguage
34CFR300.29

(a)Nativelanguage,whenusedwithrespecttoanindividualwhoislimitedEnglishproficient,
meansthefollowing:

1. Thelanguagenormallyusedbythatindividual,or,inthecaseofachild,thelanguage
normallyusedbytheparentsofthechild,exceptasprovidedinparagraph(a)(2)ofthis
section.

2. Inalldirectcontactwithachild(includingevaluationofthechild),thelanguage
normallyusedbythechildinthehomeorlearningenvironment.

(b)Foranindividualwithdeafnessorblindness,orforanindividualwithnowrittenlanguage,
themodeofcommunicationisthatnormallyusedbytheindividual(suchassignlanguage,
Braille,ororalcommunication).

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