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Hydraulic Design of Highway Culverts

Hydraulic Design of Highway Culverts

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Published by vinceq1
FHWA - HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF HIGHWAY CULVERTS
Hydraulic Design Series Number 5


Hydraulic Design series No. 5 combines culvert design information previously contained in Hydraulic Engineering Circulars (HEC) No. 5, No. 10, and No. 13 with hydrologic, storage routing, and special culvert design information. The result is a comprehensive culvert design publication. Hydrologic analysis methods are described, and references cited. Culvert design methods are presented for both conventional culverts and culverts with inlet improvements. Storage routing techniques are included which permit the designer to account for ponding effects upstream of the culvert. Unique culvert applications, erosion and sediment control, debris control, structural aspects, and long-span culverts are discussed and references cited. Inlet control, outlet control, and critical depth design charts, many of which are newly developed, are included for a variety of culverts sizes, shapes, and materials. New dimensionless culvert design charts are provided for the design of culverts lacking conventional design nomographs and charts. The appendices of the publication contain the equations and methodology used to construct the design charts, information of the hydraulic resistance of culverts, and methods of optimizing culvert design using performance curves and inlet depression. Calculation forms are provided for most of the design methodologies in the manual.
FHWA - HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF HIGHWAY CULVERTS
Hydraulic Design Series Number 5


Hydraulic Design series No. 5 combines culvert design information previously contained in Hydraulic Engineering Circulars (HEC) No. 5, No. 10, and No. 13 with hydrologic, storage routing, and special culvert design information. The result is a comprehensive culvert design publication. Hydrologic analysis methods are described, and references cited. Culvert design methods are presented for both conventional culverts and culverts with inlet improvements. Storage routing techniques are included which permit the designer to account for ponding effects upstream of the culvert. Unique culvert applications, erosion and sediment control, debris control, structural aspects, and long-span culverts are discussed and references cited. Inlet control, outlet control, and critical depth design charts, many of which are newly developed, are included for a variety of culverts sizes, shapes, and materials. New dimensionless culvert design charts are provided for the design of culverts lacking conventional design nomographs and charts. The appendices of the publication contain the equations and methodology used to construct the design charts, information of the hydraulic resistance of culverts, and methods of optimizing culvert design using performance curves and inlet depression. Calculation forms are provided for most of the design methodologies in the manual.

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Published by: vinceq1 on Apr 11, 2010
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12/11/2012

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3. Roadway Overtopping. Overtopping will begin when the headwater rises to the elevation of
the roadway (Figure III-10). The overtopping will usually occur at the low point of a sag vertical
curve on the roadway. The flow will be similar to flow over a broad crested weir. Flow
coefficients for flow overtopping roadway embankments are found in HDS No. 1, Hydraulics of
Bridge Waterways (21), as well as in the documentation of HY-7, the Bridge Waterways
Analysis Model (22). Curves from reference (22) are shown in Figure III-11. Figure III-11-A is for
deep overtopping, Figure III-11-B is for shallow overtopping, and Figure III-11-C is a correction
factor for downstream submergence. Equation (8) defines the flow across the roadway.

Qo= CdL HWr1.5

(8)

Qo is the overtopping flow rate in m³/s (ft³/s)
*Cd is the overtopping discharge coefficient (*for use in SI units, see note)
L

is the length of the roadway crest, m (ft)
HWr is the upstream depth, measured from the roadway crest to the water surface
upstream of the weir drawdown, m (ft)
*Note: Cd determined from Figure III-11 and other English unit research must be corrected by a
factor of 0.552 [Cd (SI) = 0.552 (Cd English)]

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