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Cardiovascular System, the Heart: Cardiac Output


l.

Dqnnc Cardiac OLrrput 1CO),

fl no..,nl "L

eot-h,'n,n.'\f
2. Wrrtc the

c-.\ .\ tlto r'vdrf

blo"cr ).,.,rlcd
I
I

ccpration fol^CO.

x dZ
f o-Sv
:F"\to

FQt't

3.

Jc \t.rrr e fcl F<Dctine Stroke Volume {SV}.

A r",p, , 4

I o! '6i t- ud

;n d *''.31c

1)ctrrfc6-{

beAl

C\

4. Write thc eqr-ration for SV

5V'
5

bl:rc{ }r*'n}cC ,-:*


9Ot D"\ t'{o-h "r-rtfrrLJL

Wrire rhe nor.mal

ullrr",

a. HR {heart rate}

b.SVistrokevolume)

(inch-rde correct units) for tlre foilowing:

fl'^{
ttC, rn{}cr lo,f {

bO- ?)

: fe

c. EDV (end diastolic voiume) :

,rx.r

.'

s }a'

'

ft^t'r

d" ESV {end systolic voiune) =

Given the values for HR and SV calcul4te cardiac olltput:

o x b O. Ll 9c t: ra\/rn ' ''t


Co=
t/
/aj r,x{ C' , (i G co rnl /,n,'t

7.

Explain how the followrng factors affect HR,


<+ for no changeJ under them.
HR

a.

sxs

b.

Venous return

S!

SV

and CO by placing arrows {T, J, or

CO

t.1
I

i'

\
c. Exercise
d.

i_

Calcium

e.JnR

'l

i
I

l_

A_-C- I

'Kr

'

Cardiovascular System, Blood Vessels:


Factors That Affect Blood Pressure
l.

What are the three main factors that influence total peripheral resistance {TPR}?
a.

fr:ii'.lr),, u.

b.fr r. .i
L;

c u\u i,cl
2. Name
^.

\*_,

three hormones that act as vasoconstrictclrs.

0D lt - /1"

$ c{,

ureh. *

rnt:,rtt-

b.(*, ,':-,;-"'r'7'1;:
c. ii..,-.,;,i*
3. Name
a. Lr

:,..i,,'1",-,i,,..

rwo hclrmones that directly increase blood volume.

-,'r{',

' I I '- ,.,

b. ,'. ,-, ,t,' i-'

ir r';

't'.., '

.,

"-:

4.

Tiack the effect on blood pressure by reducing venous return, Go through all the
steps.

Jvt-+
5.

Categorize the following into:

A. Factors that increase blood pressure


B. Fac.tors that decrease blood pressure

J arterial

l
-

Lt

vessel

diameter

elasticity

J blood volum

stroke

J blood
blood

_ t totai vessei length


5 t plasma epinephrine
'b J plasrna a:rgiotensin

volume

/- t plasma ADH

viscosity

_ t vagus nerve stimulation

volum.

A t sympathetrc strmulation

Use

arrot+,.-<

m the

str)aces fctr questions (t

6. A J in herlatocrit n'rLl result ur


"
-7, Ar+"i ir

.@
8.

fe+t]'riss--e

l'rll result;n

Al'icl-ir;:-clcrosis

t'ili

resr-rit

rn l,

result in a

anci rr _

rn bloocl pressure.

An'f ir

cjrrr-icfhrine rvill resuit

p1

10.

blood r.rscosit,v

ancl 'i-

t tooA pressure.

tet*l vessel'ettgth arnt-rn-*

t-l^^,.1 ^,-^^-,

9. I-',ccs:ii'c .\\1--ittlng u'rll

10.

throttgh

essLlrc

in

vessel elasticit-r' ancl

short-terr-n

er .

L-.loocl FressLlre.

rit bii)od voliu-n,:

vessel diameter anci

an

in blood

Cardiovascular System, Blood Vessels:


Blood Pressure Regulation
l.

a. Short-ier:m mechanisms for regr-rlating blood pressure iirclr-ide reg'trlating


rt'hat three dringsl

1 ,,. ,
l
-'l

'..i

-r. \

,,

..,

, i

:.

'

..

,:.

/ i I I'

'

b. Long-term mechanisms wrli regr-rlate ' ' :

2. fivo rlajor

arterial baroreceptors are located where?


)

1 '

a. \,

'

b.,'
donrn arror.r's, show the effect o{ increased blood pressure iBP) on the
impulses sent t0 the brain, the effect on the parasyrnpathetic (PNS) and
synpathetic {SNS) nervous systelns and the resulting change in blood pressure"

3. Using up and

impuls.,

Tsp -+

4. As

a resr-rlt of these cha:rges

PNS

il

and I' sxs + ''

BP

the PNS and SNS, list two effects on the heart and

one on blood vessels.


HearL:

Blood vessels:

5. Simiiar to question 3, shorv the


$uo

irnpuls",

- i

effect of decreasing blood plessufe.

PNS

- to effects on the heart


6. In addition
released frorn the adrenal

ard

'i

sNs -+

BP

and blood vessels, what horirrones v'ere

gland?

t't

Ii :

and