3/31/2015

Thoughts on the
Beaverhead Impact
Crater Morphology:
Based on information gleaned
from studying oil and gas
exploration well logs and reports
in Idaho, Oregon and
Washington, outcrops in
Montana and Idaho, and remote
sensing using Google earth and
USGS Geologic Units in the
following States: Idaho, Oregon,
Montana and Washington
Tim McElvain

Beaverhead Impact
Crater Rim: based on
outcrop
and
well
data
Le
ge and my interpretation of
nd
the surface exposure
of the Idaho Batholith
Ki; Ki?; Kif; Kii; mig; Y?s: Intrusive rocks:
mostly Late Cretaceous granodioritic to
granitic plutons of the Idaho batholitic
assemblage, but including some Eocene
intrusions; northern Idaho and Atlanta
batholith (Cretaceous to Eocene)
[ Mesozoic Cenozoic ] Cretaceous-Late
Tertiary)

© 2015 Google
Data SIO, NOAA, U.S. Navy, NGA, GEBCO
Data
SIO,
NOAA, U.S. Navy, NGA, GEBCO
Image
Landsat

Truncated top of Central U

Image Landsat

Beaverhead Impact Crater Rim:
based on outcrop and well data
and geological quadrangle
maps, My interpretation of the
surface exposure of the Idaho
Batholith
Beaverhead Impact Crater Outlined on a Google
Earth Map Print exhibiting the following
formations: Ki; Ki?; Kif; Kii; mig; Y?s:
Intrusive rocks: mostly Late Cretaceous
granodioritic to granitic plutons of the Idaho
batholitic assemblage, but including some
Eocene intrusions; northern Idaho and Atlanta
batholith (Cretaceous
to Eocene) [ Mesozoic Cenozoic ] CretaceousLate Tertiary)

I have outlined my interpretation of the
Beaverhead Impact Crater based on my study of
oil and gas drilling logs and reports in Idaho,
Oregon and Washington, along with the outcrop
at the eastern edge of the crater, and remote
sensing. The large circle represents the edge of
the crater and the small circle in the center
represents the outcrop of the truncated central
uplift. I believe the Idaho Batholith represents
the basement rock brought to the surface by the
rise of the central uplift, which was sheared off
by large thrust sheets.
With respect to thrusting, over thrusting,
overthrust sheets: in the Cascadia subduction
zone thrust sheets have piled up mountain
ranges in the northern Rocky Mountains from
Wyoming to British Columbia. These mountain
ranges are structurally very complex but fairly
well understood as a result of oil and gas
exploration wells throughout the zone. It could
it be possible that some of the big overthrust
sheets traveling north and northeast sheared off

the top of the central uplift and pushed it
northward into the crater and over the crater rim
to the north and east. The remnants of the uplift,
represented by the Idaho Batholith outcrops,
were then dropped from the thrust sheet to the
north and northwest of the crater. If this is true
than I would not expect these allochthonous
blocks of granite to be rooted. It seems to me
that the large thrust sheets could be compared to
the bulldozing effect of advances and retreats of
continental glaciation and the mountain ranges
could be compared to terminal moraines.
One might then wonder if the Neoproterozoic
Conglomerate and Breccia in the Formation of
Leaton Gulch, Grouse Peak, and northern Lost
River Range, Idaho has any relation to the
Beaverhead Impact Structure. These rocks may
be allochthonous blocks that have traveled a
great distance and might be related to a
Neoproterozoic Impact Structure that happened
at another time and another place.

The idea that the central uplift has been sheared
off is a radical idea but I suggest the following
to test it:
Generally speaking the Supergroup and younger
formations within the thrust sheets generated by
the Cascadia Subduction Zone are not
metamorphosed or if so they are
metamorphosed at a very low level. The Belt
Supergroup and younger formations in the
Allochtons south and west of the Central Uplift
are marginally metamorphosed if at all. These
formations exposed on and around the central
uplift vary in metamorphism some are highly
metamorphosed but most are marginally if at all.
The most of the formations in the Thrust Klippe
to the north of the Central Up lift are highly
metamorphosed. There is a question if this
metamorphism is regional or shock
metamorphism. However; as one moves north
the percentage of highly metamorphosed rock
diminishes until one reaches the Coeur D’Alene

Quadrangle there are only isolated patches of
highly metamorphosed rock.
(See: Geologic Map of the Central and Lower
Big Creek Drainage, Central Idaho; Preliminary
geologic map of the Elk City region, Idaho
County, Idaho; Geologic Map of the Idaho Parts
of the Orofino and Clarkston 30 x 60 Minute
Quadrangles, Idaho; Geologic Map of the
Kooskia 30 x 60 Minute Quadrangle, Idaho;
Geologic map compilation of the Hamilton 30 x
60 minute quadrangle, Idaho; Geologic Map of
the Potlatch 30 x 60 Minute Quadrangle, Idaho;
Geologic Map of the Headquarters 30 x 60
Minute Quadrangle, Idaho; Geologic map
compilation of the Missoula West 30 x 60
minute quadrangle, Idaho; Geologic map of the
St. Maries 30 x 60 minute quadrangle, Idaho;
Geologic map of the Coeur d'Alene 30 x 60
minute quadrangle, Idaho)
To my knowledge the thrust sheets generated
by the Cascadia Subduction Zone throughout

the Northern Rocky Mountains did not generate
enough heat and pressure to cause regional
metamorphism. The most highly
metamorphosed rock in this entire zone is
immediately north of the proposed central uplift
of the Beaverhead Impact Crater. The heat and
pressure generated by the Beaverhead bolide
impact would have created enough heat and
pressure to metamorphose rocks over a rather
large area; however, the metamorphism would
probably be more akin to shock metamorphism
than to regional metamorphism. I believe that
it would be interesting to study these rocks and
try to determine if the Belt Supergroup and
younger formations in this area were shock or
regionally metamorphosed

Topographic
Map of the
Beaverhead
Impact Crater:
small circle
Outcrop of the
top of the
truncated
Central Uplift,
and two cross
sections from

well logs, and
one modified
from
Arney et. al 1984

A’

A

C

B
B’

Meyers Fed

MilfordFederal 19-1

Idaho State No 1

A

Ha

Beaverhead and Tendoy mountains a stack of multiple
thrust sheets composed of rocks ranging in age from
Precambrian through Cretaceous pushed into

T
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Crater fill Volcanics

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central uplift

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Cross Section C - C’from Bostic 1 A
Well north to Mount Bennett Hills
modified after Arney et.al. 1984

C

-5

LA-9966-HDR

Los Alamos National Laboratory Is operated by the University of Callfornla for the United States Department of Energy under contract W-7405-ENG-38.

Petrographic Analysis and Correlation
of Volcanic Rocks in Bostic 1-A Well
near Mountain Home, Idaho

[L'CJ fi}. nU@urn'Rl'CJ.
Uu

LosAlamos National Laboratory
LosAlamos,New Mexico 87545

An AffurnaUve Action/Equal Opportunity Employer

This work was supported by the US Department of Energy, Division of
Geothermal and Hydropower Technologies.

Edited by Glenda Ponder, ESS Division

DISCLAIMER
This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government.

Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any
warranty, express or implied , or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accwacy, completeness,
or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would
not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or
service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its
endorsement, recommendation , or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The
views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United
States Government or any agency thereof.

LA-9966-HDR
UC-66a
Issued:January 1984

Petrographic Analysis and Correlation
of Volcanic Rocks in Bostic 1-A Well
near Mountain Home, Idaho

Barbara H. Arney
Jamie N. Gardner
Stephen G. Belluomini*

*Harding-Lawson Associates, 7655 Redwood Boulevard, P.0. Box 578, Novato, CA
94947.

[Lrry

@ n fnmrc)'
U@u Li u

Los Alamos National Laboratory
Los Alamos,New Mexico 87545

PETROGRAPHIC ANALYSIS AND COR RELAT ION OF VOLCAN IC ROC KS I N
BOSTIC 1-A WELL N EAR MOUNTA I N HOME , IDAHO
by
Ba rbara H . Arney , J ami e N . Ga rdner , and Stephen G . Bel l
uomi n i
ABSTR ACT
De ta il ed exami na tion of volca nic rock cu tti ngs from the Bosti c 1A well nea r Moun tai n Home , I daho , prov i des data tha t correl a te the strati
graphy of the wel l wi th the reg ional strati g raphy of the we stern Snake Ri ver
P l a i n . The Bosti c 1-A wel l penetra tes basal t of the Mi ddl e Pl ei stocene
Br u neau Forma tion and u nder ly i ng sedime n ta ry rocks of the U pper P l
iocene Gl en n s Fer ry Formati on . Ba salt u n d erl y i n g the G l en n s Ferry
Forma tion i s most l i kely Ba nbu ry Ba sal t of Mi ddl e P l i ocene age or Ba
nbury equ i val ent . A 350-f t i n terva l of fel sic vol can ics i s then i n
tersected above another 600 f t of ba salt . The wel l bottoms i n a l
tered fel sic vol cani cs .
The l owe st 600 f t of ba sal t fl ow s has not been correl ated with
any basal t observed on the su rf ace . From the establ i shed strati graphy
of the reg ion , and from petrogra ph ic ev idence , the sil i cic volca n ic
roc ks occu rri ng both above and bel ow the l owermost basa l ts i n the wel l
a re proba bl y l ower P l iocene I davada Volcani cs . No rth of the well , i n
the Mt . Ben nett H i ll s, ldavad a Volca ni cs overl i e crystall i ne rock s
of the I daho ba thol i th . No estima te of depth to pl u ton i c bed roc k can
be ma de from the wel 1 da ta al one. Strati graphic compa r i son s sugge st
a s l ittl e a s 0 .2 to 0 .3 km more of I d avada l i e benea th the Bosti c 1A wel 1. Resul ts of geophysi cal studi es sugge st additional ba salt 1i es
benea th the Bosti c 1-A rather tha n gran i tic rock s of the ba thol i th .

I.

I NTRODU CTI ON

The Bosti c 1-A well , on the northe r n ma rgi n of the Sn a k e R i ver P l ai n
near Mou n tai n Home , I da ho (T4S , R8E , S25) ( Fi g . 1) was dri lled as an oil and gas
wil dcat to 2950 m ( 9676 f t ) by Al Grif f ith i n 1973. I n 1974 Gu lf M1nera l Resou
rces Co. took over the well as a geothermal prospect and ran addi ti ona l l ithol
og i c and geophy sical l ogs . I n earl y 1978 the well wa s acqui red by U n ion Oil Co.,
who attempted to cl ean i t ou t, then pl ugged a nd aba ndoned i t i n October 1978.

W hen the area ea st of Moun ta in Home , Idaho , wa s sel ected f or study as a poten ti
al hot dry roc k ( HOR ) geotherma l site ( A rney et al. 1982 ) , a study of the Bosti c
1-A cutti ngs was begu n .

The study reveal ed tha t the well i n fact bot tomed i n

sil icic vol can ics of the I davada Forma ti on rather than gra n i te a s prev iou sly
reported ( Gu lf Mi neral Resou rces Co ., l i thol ogic l og ) . Bel iev i ng that I daho Ba
thol i th l ay benea th the sil icic vol can ics , as i ndeed i t does j ust nor th of the HOR
prospec t ( Mal de et al . 1963) , we studied , i n more deta i l , the volca n ic strati
graphy i n the well to estima te the depth to g ran i te .

The resu l ts of that

work are presen ted in th i s report .
Subseq uen t grav i ty model ing suggests that no granite l i es benea th the
sil icic volca n ics at the Bosti c l oca ti on .

I n stead , rock s benea th the bottom

of the Bosti c 1-A wel l a re i n terpreted to be ba sal ts ap proxi ma tely 3 km th i ck ,
p roba bl y assoc i a ted wi th the open i ng of the Snake R i ver P l a i n ( Arney et al .
1982) .
I I . PROCEDU RES
Well cu tti ng s we re exami ned wi th a bi nocul ar mi croscope ( Ap pend ix A ) .
Sampl es were taken at 9-m ( 30-f t ) i n terva l s f rom depths of 426 to 536 m ( 1405
to 1769 f t ) , an d at 3-m 00-f t ) i n terval s from 1219 to 2949 m ( 4023 to 9676 f t) .
The small si ze of the well cu tti ngs and thei r f i ne grai n size h indered mi nera
l iden ti f ica tion i n some sampl es .

Cu tti ng s bel ow 1768 m ( 5800 f t ) were mo

u n ted on poster boa rd ( Fi g . 2 ) at 0.5 i n . = 10 f t to al l ow a better u n d er- stand
ing of the l ower vol can ic sequence .

Deta i l ed petrog raph ic study was perf

ormed onl y on cu tti ngs of the vol can i c rock u n i ts. G ra i n mou n ts prepa red
of sampl es f rom depth s be tween 1239 and 2949 m (4090 to 9676 f t ) were exami ned
w i th a petrog raphi c m icroscope to i den tif y formation and rock types ( Ap pend
ixB)•
To ai d i n correl ati on wi th ma p ped surf ace un i ts of the Idavada Vol can ics ,
represen tati ve in terval s f rom each v i sual ly di stinct

sil icic

u n i t i n the

cutti ngs were chemi ca lly anal yzed usi ng x- ray fl uorescence ( X RF ) , foll owi ng
the method of Haga n ( 1982 ) . C u ttings from these i n terva 1s were hand-pi eked ,
and th i n secti ons made f rom the ha nd-picked sampl es we re exami ned pe tro
graphi cal l y .
To identi fy the alterati on mi nera l s presen t , sel ected sampl es were al so
anal yzed by x- ray dif fraction ( X RD ) on 400 mesh powder s. When pea ks of the
a l teration mi neral s were obsc u red by the ori g i nal mi neral ogy , an addi ti
onal

2

1
1

Age

Description

Symbol

(LI

C
(LI

u
..Q
0

QalStream alluvium.
QlsLandslide debris.

I

Melon gravel; boulders and cobbles of basaltQm
in basaltic sand matrix,
boulders commonly 1mIn diameter and as largeQsr
as Qb
3 m, late Pleistocene.
Snake River Group, undivided; mainly olivine and/or plagioclase basalt flows and terrace gravels, late Pleistocene.
Bruneau formation; canyon fill of undeformed. unconsolidated, detrltal sediments and interbedded basaltic lava flows with marginal dep

Qbs
Sedimentary material dominated by massive lake beds of white to
light brown fine slit, clay and diatomlte In layers 15 mor more thick, with subordinate amounts of alluvial silt and sand. Lake beds riseto an elevation of 970 m and merge
Qbg Alluvial deposits of sand and pebble gravel from elevation 970 m to 1000 m. Pebble gravel reworked as beach deposits from contiguous
older gravels.
Qbf Fan gravel, consisting of cobble and pebble sizes in a coarse sandy matrix derived from decayed granite. Fan deposit gravels extend from front of Bennett HIiis to 100
Qbu Undifferentiated basaltic lava flows which erupted episodically from several vents to form a series of lava plateaus and canyon-filling volcanic dams. Differentiated indi
QbbBerry Ranch lava flow; ollvlne-plagloclase basalt, coarse texture;
QbkKing HIii lava flows; gray, dense, glassy texture, In three separate
flows;
Cl)
QbrMorrow Reservoir lava flow; olivine-basalt, moderately coarse tex
C
ture:

Cl)

Qbc Cold Springs lava flow; plagloclase-olivlne basalt, gray to black. dense, glassy;
u
Qbh
Hammettlava flows; plagioclase-olivlne basalt of coarse texture , at
least two flows of medium-grained, relatively nonporphyrltlc basalt.

.8
Vl

'<ii

QtgGlenns Ferry formation • Basin fill of poorly consolidated detrital sediments
(Qtg) and minor lava flows of basalt (Qtgb). late Pliocene to early Pleistocene
Qtg

Lake and stream deposits characterized by abrupt lateral changes In
facies. Facies Include (1) massive silt beds; (2) evenly layered thick beds of sand; (3) thinly bedded dark clay, olive silt and carbonaceos shale; (4) ripple-marked sand and slit; (5) granitic sand and tine peb
Cl)
Lava flows of olivine basalt that form sheetlike bodies within the detrltaldeposits.

C

Cl)

u

>er:

.Q
Qtgb

<(

w

Banbury Basalt .Lava
Tb
basalt, inter bedded locally with minor
f- flows of olivine
amounts of stream and lake deposits. middle Pliocene.
ldavada Volcanics - Sillcic latite; chiefly thick layers of devltrlf ied welded tuff, includes some bedded vltric tuff and
Tlv
Pliocene.

t

' Qbb

Kg

Granitic rocks of Idaho batnolith; mainly quartz monzonite and granodlorlte
in composition.

------

Geologic contact; dashed where approximately located.

Normal fault; dashed where approximately located,
Strikedotted
and dipwhere
of beds
concealed, bar and ball on downthrown side.

Volcanic vent.
Bost c 1-A exploratory test well (dry).

Prepared by Harding-Lawson Associates.

Geology complied from
C.H., 1963.
1
1

RSE

1.
R
11
115"10'
R11E

ma
p
of
pr
os
pe
ct
are
a
ea
st
of
Mo
unt
ain
Ho
me
,
Ida
ho
sh
ow
ing
loc
ati
on
of
Bo
sti
c
1-A
we
ll.

BOSTIC 1A

BOSTIC
1-A

BOSTIC 1-A

6200

}X
RF,XRD

1xRF ,X
RD
6300

-BOO

l

6000

6400

6100

6600

6200FT

6600

F
i

FT

g
.
2
.
Cu tti ng s boa rd s of the Bosti c 1-A cu tti ng s from 5800 to 9676 f t , X RF and X
RD sampl i ng i n terval s i nd icated .

5

BOSTIC
l·A

BOSTIC 1-A
9400

BOSTIC l·A

91500

T

eaaa

9600

Fi g . 2 ,
( cont )
}xRF ONLY
78 FT

XRF,XR D

6

BOSTIC 1-A
l·A

BOSTIC 1-A'7'700

}XRF,XRD
'?BOO F

BOSTIC

B100

Fi g . 2. ( cont)

BOSTIC l·A

7
m

No
Samples

ft

Bruneau Formation

Glenn
Minor Basalt

s
Ferr
y
For
mati
on

1600

Basalt with thin
Sandstone
near top

-!,000

Shale, Claystone
Minor Sandstone

Banbury
Basalt
and
lnterbedd

lnterbedded
Basalt and
Shale

,coo -

ed
Sediment
s

Silicic
Volcanic

ldavada Volcanics

s Basalt
Silicic
Vol
cani
cs
with
some Basalt

Total Depth

F i g . 3.

Bosti c 1-A l i thol ogy l og .
ol i v i ne and i t i s not a domi na n t phenoc ry st pha se. The sedimen tary
sequence between the u pper and l ower Ba n bu ry ba sal ts observ ed i n the
wel l a l so ap pea rs to be th icker tha n tha t descri bed by Mal de and P owers .
Hydrothe rmall y al tered catacl a stic ba sal t fragmen ts i n the cu tti ngs a t
1295 m ( 4250 f t ) suggest the wel l i n tersec ts at l east one fau l t zone .

The sil ici c roc k s at depth s of 2179 to 2949 m ( 7150 to 9676 f
t) are i n terpreted as pa rt of the Lower P l i ocene I dav ada Vol can ics ( see
bel ow ) , wh ich are ex posed i n the Mt. Ben nett H i ll s 11 km no rtheast of the

well ( Fi g . 1) . A schema tic c ross-sec ti on th roug h the Bosti c 1-A wel l i
s shown i n Fi g . 4.
V . D I SCUSSION

Two questi on s ari se concer ni ng the sil i c i c vol can ics in the Bosti c
1-A well . The f i rst regar ds C ha ll i s Vol can ics : I s C ha ll i s encou n
tered in the wel l , and i f not , does i t u nderl i e I dava d a benea th the wel l
?
Mal de et al. ( 1963) d i sting u i sh I davada from Chall i s by the
absence of qu a rtz , san i d i ne , bi otite , and horn bl ende i n the I dav ada .
Ou r work ind icates that, whil e still separabl e from the C ha ll i s by the
absence of hornbl en de and b i oti te , the I davada volca n i cs generall y
conta i n pl ag iocl ase , two pyroxenes ,
10
/

s

N

3

MOUNT BENNETT HILLS

i.

BOSTIC 1-A
WELL
1

e
.!!

!0
z

<

-+---

Ob

-1

..J

w

o ---1---

--

OTg
OTg
,_

2...

O g

-----Tb / /

_.....-,

j

HJ

Tiv

-----==--ioTJL _ _ _-It

Ob

I--r
--1/t.....----/f_---r

Tb-r -

Tb _,- ,,

.II

L-i-• -•-7I
-_ _....-, Tiv--, ,. -fI
.

Tb

Tb

Tiv

-,-fb

--J--,-- f '-/I

Kg'?

Tiv

Tiv

;V ,/ --? ,,-

Ti v

I / ,--- ,-

I

3

/f--•-r-..-- /
Kg! /

/

-3

,

,--.---- ig!/I
I

-3

-•

thic.k)

I

I

>

·6 w
EXPLANATION
Ob
BRUNEAU FORMATION
GLENNS FERRY FORMATION

Plei stocene [

I

::9

l

Pliocene
SCALE IN KILOMETERS

;

w

,

1/f
m( ?}
(..3km

!

<

Tiv..J
-2

0

z

.

1

0

i

Kg?

-9

BANBURY BASALT

TivIDAVADA VOLCANICS

Miocene [ m( ?)
BASALT ?

Cretaceou5 [ Kg

!band on interptelat ion of g,evvl

IDAHO BATHOLITH

--,- FAULT : dashed where postulated. queried where uncertain;

errows indicate rel•tive movement
CONTACT : dashed where i nferred ; queries reflect additional uncertainty

Fig. 4.
Schema ti c cross- secti on th rough the Bosti c 1-A we l l a nd the prospec t area nea r
Mt . Home , I daho ( f rom A rney et al . 1981) .
ol i v ine , K -f el d spa r , mag ne t i te , a nd ragged , embayed quartz . Chal l i s vol can
ics conta i n qu artz , san idi ne , and b ioti te i n rhyol i tes, a nd pl ag iocl a se and
horn bl ende i n an desi tes .
Maf i c mi ne ral s i n the si l i cic volcan ics pene trated by the Bo sti c well
have ra rely surv i ved hydrothe rma l a l terati on . P seudomo rphs of ch l ori te and
mag ne ti te ± serpe n ti ne af ter py roxe ne and ol i v i ne occu r in several i n terv
al s. No hornbl ende , b ioti te , or b i oti te pseu domor ph s were f ound i n any of
the sil icic volca ni c cu tti ng s; therefo re Ch all i s V ol can i c s we re no t penetra
ted by the wel l .
Nort h of the prospect area , al ong U .S. Hi g hway 20 , Chall i s Vol can ics
u nde r l ie the I dav ada vol cani c s a nd separate them from the I da ho Ba thol i th
. The Ch all i s Volca n ics th i n drama ti cally fa rther west and pi nch ou t al together to
the sou th towa rds the prospec t a rea ( Ga rdner and Wood , in prep .) .

Al thoug h i t

is not po ssibl e to say f rom wel l da ta al one whethe r or not Cha l l i s Volca n
ics u nderl ie I dav ada benea th the well , reg ional

geol og ical ma pp i ng of the

Chal l i s su ggests th at they do not ( Mal de et a l . 1963; Ga rdner and Wood , i n prep .) .
11

The second questi on concern i ng the sil i cic vol can ics i s whe ther all the
sil i cic rocks are l dav ada , even though there i s a thi ck basal t sequence from
2265- to 2460-m depth ( 7430 to 8070 f t ) .
Geol og i c maps ( Ma l de et al. 1963; J . Ga rd ne r and S. Wood , Los Al amos Na ti
onal

L abora tory , i n prep .) , show

Ba nbu ry

Basa l t overlyi ng

the

Lower Pl

iocene I dav ada Volca n i cs i n nea rby area s ( Fi g . 1) . Ea st of the prospec t area ,
the Ba nbu ry and I dav ada a re l ocal l y separated by u p to 152 m ( 500 f t ) of den sely
wel ded qua rtz and san i d i ne phy ric rhyol i te tu f f of Lower P l iocene age , termed the
R hyol i te of Mag ic Rese rvoi r ( Mal de et al . 1963) , b u t no ba sal t l ies between th i s
rhyol i te an d the u nderl yi n g I da vada Vol can i cs .
Mal de and Powers
ng

( 1962 ) descri be basa lts u nderl yi ng and

wi th C hall i s equ i v a l ents ( Mi ocene age rhyol i tes ) in the
Owyhee Mo u n ta i ns 80-100
the

prospec t

km

( 50-75 m i ) west

area .

i n tertong u i
and J a rbi dge

of

Smith

( 1966

)

reports d i k tytaxi ti c ol i v i ne ba salts i n tercal ated wi th I davada northea st
of the Bosti c wel l i n the eastern Mt . Benne tt H i l l s.
Al though basal ts are commonl y i n terbedded wi th si l i cic vol can ic rock s on
the ma rgi n s of the Wester n Snake Ri ver Pl a i n , none of the reported occu rrences
i nd icate such thi ck basal t i n terv al s as seen

i n the Bos tic wel l , and no i n ter

bedd i ng of ba sal ts wi th I d avada vol can i cs wa s ma pped i n the western Mt . Be n nett
H i l l s by Ga rdner and Wood ( in prep .) .
I davada V ol can i cs i n the Mt . Bennett H i l l s were

eru pted du ri ng the

fau l ti ng associa ted w i th the ope n i ng of the Snake R i ver Pl ai n ( Ga rdner and
Wood , in prep .) , and the area l extent of

each

u n i t i s determ i ned

by the

topog raphy onto wh ich they were erupted ( Sm i th 1966 ; Ga rd ner and Wood , i n
p rep .) . Si nce the th i ck ba sal ts seen i n the well occu r i n the u pper par t of
the I dav ada , they may ha ve been con f i ned to the 1owl and s by down-f au l ti ng
al ong the ma rg i n s of the pl a i n and therefore are not seen i n the u pl if ted Mt .
Ben nett H i l l s secti on .
I t wa s not possi bl e to correl ate va riou s fl ow un i ts of the I davada
Vol can ics as ma pped on the surf ace wi th specif ic i n terval s w i th i n the well .
The chemi stry of the surf ace u ni ts does not va ry enoug h to ma ke them di stinc ti
ve , and v a r i ati on s i n phenocryst content and composi ti on were obl i tera ted i n
the cutti ng s by the hi gh degree of

alterati on . Descri pti on s i n thi s report ,

compa red to the structural and strati g raph ic da ta of Ga rdner and Wood ( i n prep .) ,
suggest there

may be as l i ttl e as O .2 to

Bosti c 1-A wel l .

O .3 km more of I davada benea th the

12

I daho Bathol i th rock s occu r only a s fragment s i n sedimen ta ry hor i zons
in the well . Depth to

situ gran i ti c rock s bel ow the Bo stic i s not possi bl e to

eva l ua te based on ou r da ta .

Geophy sical

model i ng reported in

Ar ney et al.

( 1982 ) suggests a great thick ne ss of ba sal t benea th the Bo stic well , a nd that
p robabl y no gran i ti c rock s of the I daho Ba thol i th u nde rl ie th i s porti on of the
Snake Ri ver P l a i n .
REFERE NCES
Ar ney , B. , "Ev idence of Fo rmer Hi gher Tempera tu res from Alter ati on Mi neral s ,
Bosti c 1-A Well , Mou n tai n Home, I daho ," G RC Tra n s , .§._ pp . 3-6 ( 1982 ) .
Arney , B . H ., F. E . Gof f , and Ha rd i ng-L awson Assoc i ate s , "Eval ua ti on of the Hot D
ry Rock Geothermal Potenti a l of an A rea Near Mou n tai n Home , l daho ,11 Los Al
amo s Na ti ona l Labora tory report L A-9365-HDR ( May 1981) .
Ga rdner , J . N . and S. H . Wood , "Geol ogic Map of the Ben nett Mou n ta i n Area ,
El more Cou nty , I daho ," Lo s Al amo s Na ti onal L abora tory ma p , scal e 1:62,500 ( i n
prepa rati on ) .
H a ga n , R . C ., "X -ray Fl u o re scence An a l y si s Ma j o r E l eme n t s i n Si l i
c i c Mi nera l s," Los Al amos Na ti ona l La bora tory report LA-9400-MS ( Septembe r 1982
).
Ma l de , H . E. and H . A. Powers , "Geol ogi c Ma p of the Gl enn s Ferry-H agerma n
11
A rea , We st-central Snake R i ver P l ai n , I daho ,
US Geo 1 . Su rv ., Mi sc .
Geo1 . I nve st. Ma p No . 1-696 , Scal e 1:48 000 ( 1972 ) .
Mal de , H. E. a nd H . A . Powers, "U pper Cenozoi c Strati graphy of We stern Snake
R iver P l a i n , Idaho ," Geol. Soc . Am . Bul l. ]l , 1197-1220 ( 1962 ) .
Ma l de , H . E. , H . A. Power s , and C . H . Ma rshall , "Reconna
i ssance Geol ogi c
11
Ma p of th e We st-c ent ral Sna k e Ri v er P l a i n , l d a h o , U .S. Geol. Su rv . Mi sc
. Geol ogi cal I n vesti gati on Ma p 1-373, scal e 1:125,000 ( 1963) .
Smith , C . L ., "Geol ogy of Ea stern Mt. Be nnett Hi ll s, Cama s , Good ing , and
L i ncol n Coun ti es, I daho , P h .D . the si s , U ni v . of I daho , 129 pp . ( 1966 ) .

13

A PPE N D I X A
B INOC ULAR M I CROSCOPE E XAM I NAT ION
( porti on s of i n terval 1400-5800 f t mod i f ied f rom Bel l uomi ni and
Va n Hou ten , 1981)
I n terval *
( f t)

Descr i pti on

1400-1760 C u tti ng s from thi s i n terv al

are v i rtuall y all basal ti c al thou gh

m i nor cl asts of tan cl aystone , and qua rtz

crystal s occu r.

The basal

t i s fresh , bl ack , and the groundmass va ries f rom aphan i ti c to gl a
ssy ( a red d i sh-bl ack re sinous gl a ss) . Sc attered mi nu te ( 1 mm ) pl a
g i ocl a se l a th s , pl a g i ocl a se cl o ts , a nd ra re ol i v i ne ( ? ) a
re p resen t . Abou t 70% of the basa l t cu tti ng s between 1520-1670 f t are
dark brown and appea r to

be coated

wi th

soil .

Small ( 1-2 mm )

zeol i te-f i l l ed amygdu l es a l so occu r .
1760-4090 I n terval not exami ned . Pr ima ril y sedimenta ry wi th mi nor basal ts , cor
rel a ted

w i th

G l enn s Fer ry

Fo rma t i on .

I n f orma t i on f rom G

rif f i th ' s l i thol ogy l og .
4090-4760 Cutti ngs are mostl y gl a ssy to

apha n i ti c

ba sal t .

5-20% of the

cu tti ngs are wea k ly to modera tely calcareous tan cl aystone , and u p to
5% a re cl ear qua rtz crystal s.
v idua l sampl es) ,

Mi nor consti tuents , ( 0-2% i n i nd i

i ncl u de tarni shed

b ioti te f l ak es , mu scov i te fl

akes , and unu sual catacl a stic basal ts . These def ormed basal t fragments
resembl e sheared f i ne-gra i ned pl u tonic rock s. (They are more compl etel y
descri bed i n Append i x B , Sampl e 4240-4250 f t) . Al l componen ts except ba
sal t decrease rapi dly bel ow 4000 f t and by 4400 f t the cutti ngs are
al most totall y ba sal t. The basal t becomes coarser-gra i ned wi th depth .

*Original well l ogs ( reprod uced i n Fi g . A-l ( a-e) in pocket on i n side back
cover ) were recorded in feet. Th i s A p pe nd ix wi ll ma i n ta i n that no tati on .
For in terv a l s above 5800 f t l ithol ogi c brea k s are based on d r i l l ers ' l i th l og
and dual i nd uction l og . Lag i s in sign i f ican t . Bel ow 5800 f t l i thol ogi c
break s are ba sed on cutti ngs depth s not corrected for l ag . Li thol og ic l og i n
Fi g . A-1 i s not corrected for l ag so depths bel ow 5800 f t do not correspond
exactl y to those on geophy sical l ogs. De scri pti on s i n th i s append i x are
ba sed on a more detai l ed study of the cu tti ng s and di f f er sl ig h tl y f rom those
on the l ithol ogy l og i n Fi g . A-1.

14

Unusual features of indi vi dual sampl es from thi s
interval are: 4240-4250 5-10% catacl astic basal t
fragments
4250-4260 2-5% quartz and muscovi te crystal s
4470-4480 One fragment of a zeol i te-fi l l ed amygdul e
4680-4690 and 4700-4710 One percent of the basal t fragments
are coated wi th sugary green opal(?).
4760-5800 Not exami ned. Primarily sedimentary wi th some basal t
interpreted
as interbedded sediments of Banbury Basal t.
Informati on
from Al Gri ffi th's dri l l ers log.
5800-7150 (7125 ft on electri c l ogs, l ag correcti on woul d make
cutti ngs depth 7140 ft). Basalt wi th interbedded sediments
. Apparently several flows separated by sedimentary interval
s. The interior of each flow is al tered and zeol i tized,
but the tops and bottoms are gen eral ly fresher.
5800-5950 Basal t wi th pl ag i ocl ase and pyroxene ph
enocrysts. Al tered, contai ns zeol i tes and/or
cal ci te. Rounded cutti ngs appear brownish and
soil covered. Base of uni t i s fine-grai ned, bl uegray basal t.
5950-6040 Sedimen tary l ayer, upper part i s coarse-grai
ned and
cutti ngs look l ike al tered grani te, but thi n
section shows them to be wacke consi sting of quartz
and al tered fel dspar i n a pal e greeni sh gray cl
ay matri x. With greater depth, fine-grai ned vol
cani cs, basal t, and a finer grai ned vari ety of the
green wacke appear.
6040-6050 Fresh gl assy basal t - possibly a
dike . 6050-6070 Sil tstone, mi xed wi th finegrai ned basal ts.
6070-6350 Several basal t fl ows. Vary from very bl ack
coarse
grai ned fresh rock, to al tered gray-green or oxi
dized red rocks wi th zeol ites and green cl ays
(?).
6350-6620 Top and bottom of thi s i nterval are sil tstones,
and sil tstone compri ses at least 30% of cutti ngs
throughout the interval • Beneath the upper sil

tstone i s a fine- grai ned green wacke, si mil ar
to that at 5950 ft. Coarse-grai ned, fresh, bl ack,
basal t cutti ngs appear bel ow the wacke. Basal t i s
mi xed wi th siltstone and

15

l ost

ci rcu l ati on ma terial s and

so

i s not

a

cl earl

y def i ned un i t.
6620-7150 Basa l t fl ows wi th thi n sedimen tary in terbed s. Th ic kest
sedimen tary bed is sil tstone between 7020-7050 f t .

Red

arg i l l i te ap pea rs between 7100 and 7 130 f t . Basa l t
va ri es f rom very f resh bl ack and coarse-gra i ned w i th
abu ndan t ti ny f el d spar l ath s , to al tered , zeol i ti zed ,
redd i sh , or green-gray .
7150-7420 ( 7380 f t on el ectric l ogs , l ag correcti on for cu tti ngs woul d make
7400 f t) . Pal e l avende r-gray aphani tic sil icic tu f f wi th sparse
phenoc rysts of fel d spar and dark green chl ori te af ter py roxene( ? ) .
Top 20 f t are al tered chal ky green .
i ncrea ses wi th depth .

Red stain i ng and mottl i ng

Some br ick- red f ragmen ts .

Green cl ay

appea rs toward ba se of u n i t . At 7230-7240 f t abu nda n t cal ci te
and /or zeol ite , ma tri x total ly a l tered bri ck red .
7420-7460 D ark gray apha n i tic sil icic tuf f , and i ncreasi ng amou n ts of basal t .
At 7430-7440 f t fresh dark bl ac k pl agiocl a se phy ric ba salt .

Bel ow

7440 , pl ag iocl a se is smal l er but more d i sti nct beca u se basal t i s so
a l tered . Mostl y red , wi th zeol i te-f i l l ed amygd u l es .
7460-8070 Mostl y basalt wi th one possi bl e sedimen tary i n terval ( 7520-7570 f t)
which con ta i ns sil tstone , dark brown shal e and abund ant dri ll pi pe
f ragments . No ind i cati on on l og of change in dri l l i ng , ci rcu l
ation or el ectrical properties over that in terval . Ba sal t i s al tered ;
green i sh pl ag iocl ase l aths in a redd i sh ma trix become greeni sh p l ag i
ocl a se l a th s a n d g ree n cl ay i n a pu rpl i sh ma tr i x wi th i ncrea
si ng depth . Zeol i te amygd u le f i ll i ngs scattered throu ghou t . Abunda
n t zeol i tes at 7790-7810 , 7830-7850 , and 7870-7880 f t .
Basal t at base of i n terval ( 8030-8070 f t) , i s fresh and bl ack and
ap pea rs al most gl a ssy from the in tergrowth of fresh py roxene and
pl agiocl ase.
8070-8080

I n terpreted as dike becau se of the l ack of al tera tion .

Al tered sil icic

tuf f wi th abund a n t quartz , and

chal ky fel dspar .

Some term ina ted qua rtz crystal s u p to 2 mm l ong .
8080-8190 Very f ine-g ra i ned , dark red to med i um gray to pal e pi n k , ba ked
cl aystone or shale compr i se 30-40% of the cu tti ngs.

I n terv al a l so

i ncl udes cutti ng s of basal t , pl agiocl ase por phy ri tic pal e green
sil icic tuf f , sil tstone , and m inor zeol ites and quartz .
16

8190-8430 Sil i c i c tu f f , mo st l y pa l e g ree n a p ha n i t i c ma tr i x , b u t w i th
pl ag iocl a se and abu ndan t ma gnetite i n cry stal cl u sters u p to 1 mm
i n d iameter . Green cl ay al tera ti on increa ses wi th depth .
fl uor ite( ? ) v ei ns a nd f il l i ngs above 8300 f t .

G reen

Fragmen ts of l i

gh t pi nk to red cl ay stone ap pea r a t 8270-8290 f t. Yell ow-green ( mostl y
euhedral ) epi dote crystal s f i r st ap pear a t 8390-8400 f t . Trace s of
epi dote coati ngs ap pea r as hi gh a s 8260 f t . A few fragmen ts of
dark red-brown v itrophy re with cl ear f el d spar cry stal s ap pea r a t
8430 f eet .
8430-8630 ( 8380-8605 on gamma l og ) Fi ne-g ra i ned dark gray ba salt with zeo1i tes and m i nor epi dote. Siltstone fragmen ts a t 8510-8530 f t may

be from a thi n sedimen t i n terbed or may be down hol e contami na n ts .
Al teration of ba sal t to wh i te pl ag i ocl a se a nd green

cl ay in a

red d i sh matr i x i s most i n ten se between 8510 a nd 8580 f t. P i nk a p h a n i
t i c ( sil i c i c ? ) v ol c a n i c rock com p r i ses a bo u t h a l f th e cutti
ng s at 8610-8620 f t , bu t the 10 f t i n terv a l bel ow th i s i s ba sal t
. No retu rn s f rom 8630-8650 f t .
8650-8670 P red omi na n tl y sil tstone with some ba sal t , al tered sil i cic tu ff , and
v itrophy re .
8670-8710

Alte red and sil icif i ed tuff , pal e green and chalky-w hi te
. col ored stai n i ng i s i n tense towa rd ba se of

Salmon

i n terv a l .

E u hed
ra l

8710-8720

py rite in the ma tri x . Ch l orite pseud omor ph s .
Fi ne-gra ined dark gray ba sal t .

8720-8730

Mostl y sil tstone , wi th some basa l t tuf f or mi nor vi trophy re .

8730-8820 f-8780 on gamma l og ) .

Pal e gray , green to l a vender sil icic tuf f

wi th f i ne vei ni ng . Py rite occu rs in sma ll eu hed ral crystal s . One
fragment of ma ssi ve py rite i n the 8730-8740 f t in terval .

Sal mon to

red stai n i ng predom i na tes down to 8780 f t , green cl ay or chl orite
al teration to 8820 f t.

Chalky wh i te ma teri a l occu rs throu g hou t

i n terv a J ( free and i n green ma tri x ) . No epi dote i n thi s in terv al .
Trace of green f l u ori te ( ? ) .
8820-8840

( 8780-8801 on gamma l og ) .

ke . 8840-8890
f.

Fresh f i ne-gra i ned ba sal t , poss i bl y di

Mostly wh i te or very l i gh t green sil i cif ied tuf

Ma ny fragmen ts appea r vei ned or brecci a ted .

Mi no r d i ssemi

na ted py ri te .
8890-8900

Fresh f i ne-g ra i ned ba sal t as i n 8820-8840 f t .

17

8900-8970 W hi te to gray tuf f , extremel y al tered and wi th salmon mottl i ng .
Sil i ci f ied f i ne sugary a p pea rance to gra i ns. Mi nor di ssem i na ted
py ri te and vei n epi dote .
8970-9110 L i gh t green to gray sil i ci f i ed tu ff . Li gh t green col or seems to be assoc
i ated wi th f resh very
compr i ses

f i ne

abo u t 50% of

grai ned

i n terv al

ts of sil tstone a t 9020-9030

ma gneti te- rich
9000-9030

ft .

Both

ba sal t , wh ich

ft .

Several f ragmen

l i gh t green

gray tu f f appea r sil i ci f ied and apha ni tic .

and da rker

Ma gneti te i s not as abu

ndan t a s i n 8190-8430 f t , bu t i s nearl y the on ly v i sibl e phenocryst ( ? )
.

Mi nor di ssemi na ted py ri te a nd vei n epi dote .

9110-9150 Coarse , dark sage-green to gray ba sal t , some zeol i te amygd u l e
f i l l i ngs at 9140-9150 f t .
9150-9220 Green i sh gray tu f f wi th sparse pl ag i ocl a se phenoc ry sts . Some
calci te vei n i ng .
na ted py ri te .

E u hedra l crystal s of qua rtz . Mi nor d i ssemi
Yell ow-green

epi dote

wi th

quartz

in

euhedral

crystal s l i n i ng f ractu res at ba se of i n terva l . No retu rns nex t 10 f t
.
9230-9260 Mostl y fresh f i ne-g ra i ned basa lt wi th some tu f f.

P robabl y di ke

or sill i n truded al ong fracture zone .
9260-9380 Pal e green al tered tuf f .

P henoc ry sts ba rel y di scernibl e . Epi dote

occu rs as vei ns and sma l l crystal l i ne pa tches i n nearl y every chi p
. Ra re di ssemi na ted py ri te . Lowest 10-f t i n terv al i s da rker , red
brown stai ned , and shows brown-g reen al teration with sma ll

white

chalky speck s .
9380-9460 Mostl y a dark gray apha n i tic roc k wi th pl ag iocl a se phenocrysts .
M i no r f re sh f i ne- g ra i ned ba sa l t at the top of the i n terv a l . E p i
dote occu r s i n l i g h ter col o r gra i n s th a t may be dow n hol e contam i
na nts . A few f ragmen ts of ma ssi ve ( py ri te? ) sul f ide.
9460-9470 No retu rns .
9470-9676 ( TD ) L i gh t green-gray very a l tered tuf f , l i ghter
chal ky in ap pea rance wi th depth .

i n col or and

E pi d ote vei n s and coati ngs .

Silvery ( sulf ide? ) l i ni ngs of ma ny d i ssol u ti on cav ities , especi ally
above 9550 f t . Several fragmen ts of v i trophy re at 9550-9560 f t. Redbrown al teration of fragmen ts at 9590-9600 f t. Ra re di ssemi - na ted
py r ite.

Qua rtz

i s proba bly

dspar phenoc ry sts occur .

18

seconda ry .

A

f ew

al tered f el

REFER ENCES
Bell uomi n i , S. G . and G . V a n Ho u ten , "Petrog ra ph i c an d Stra ti g ra p h i c Co rrel
a tion of the Bosti c IA Wel l ," H a rd i ng-L awson Assoc i a tes repo rt to L os A 1amos
Na ti ona l L abo ra tory (1981).
AP PE NDI X B
G RAI N-MO U NT P ETROG RAP H Y
( Some desc r i pti ons mod i f i ed f rom Bel l uomi n i a nd V a n Ho uten ,
1981.)
I n terv a l s sel ected for X RF ana l ysi s ind i cated by " ( X RF ) " i n 11 I n terva l 11 col
um n . ( See 11 P roced u res 11 for cri ter i a for sel ecti on ) .
I n terval
(ft)

De scr i p ti on

4090-4100 N i ne ty pe rcen t basa l t , f i ve percen t cl ay stone , rest i nd i v i
dua l c ry sta l s of p l a g i ocl a se ( p l a g ) , q u a r tz ( some sh ow u n d u a
l tory exti nc ti on ) , cl i no py roxe ne ( cpx ) , m i no r ol i v i ne ( ol ) , an d a
f ew fragmen ts of pa 1a gon ite . C l aystone : F ra gme n ts a re ma ssi ve a
n d com posed predom i na n tl y of su beq ua l amou n ts of exceed i n gl y f
i ne gra i ned cl ay and f i ne a ng u l a r to su brou n ded q ua rtz g ra i
ns w i th m i no r amou n ts of carbona te , opa q ue s , and ma f i c m i ne ra
l s . Ba sal t : C px a nd pl ag w ith gl ass and m i nor ol . Tex tu re ma i nl
y i n terser ta l to subo ph i ti c , l oca lly hya l ooph i ti c or amyg da l oi d
al ( f i ll ed wi th cl ay and ca rbona te ) . G l ass , 75% of wh i ch i s pa
l agon i ti zed , i s l a rgel y da rk red to red- b rown , ra rel y pa l e brown .
C px i s tan col ored i n p l ane- pol a r i zed l i g h t ( P PL ) and common ly
zoned , some times i n a n hou rg l a ss pa ttern .
01 i s ei ther pa rti a
lly serpen ti n i zed or ma rg i nal l y a l tered to i d d i ng si te .
Opa
ques ha ve a skel eta l ha b i t. Pl ag l a th s show very l ittl e or no zoni
ng . Ha l f a dozen f ra gmen ts of exceed i ngl y f i ne-g ra i ned ba sal t a re a
l so p resen t w ith ve ry l on g , na rrow pl ag l a ths ( l en g th- to-wi d th
ra ti os of 10- 20 :1) tha t a re u sually randoml y ori ented or l oca lly
show a wea k l y
devel oped va r i ol i ti c tex tu re set i n an altered grou ndmass of
green
cl ay and g ran u l a r opa ques .
4150-4160 V i rtua l l y i den ti cal to the above sampl e .

19

4240-4250 L ithol ogy and perce n tage of va riou s componen ts

i denti cal to

the

above two sampl es except for the add i ti on of 5-10% hyd rothe rmall y
al tered catacl a stic ba salt and m i nor amo u n ts of si ngl e crystal s of
oxybioti te , carbona te , and quartz . Al so presen t are singl e crys tal
s of cpx a nd u noxi dized b i oti te that show u nd u l a tory ex ti nc ti
on a nd ben t cl eavage pl anes.

Ca tacl a stic

fragments wi th a streak ed f abri c .

basal t:

El onga te

C px comp l etely granu l ated and

generall y tota lly converted to epi dote . Pl ag has surv ived gran u lati
on muc h bet ter than the cpx and thus occu rs a s cru dely devel oped
au gen s wi th und u l ose ex ti nc ti on .
4400-4410

Very sim il ar to the above sampl es .

Ta n col or i n cpx more prom in en

t ; a h i g her percen t of the gl ass i s pal agon i ti zed . M i n u te hoppe r cry
stal s of pl ag occur in some of the pa l agon i te .
4450-4470

Coa rse-gra ined i n tersertal to subophi ti c f re sh ba sal t . Stubby pl a g

(XRF)

sta i ne d ye l l ow -b row n a l on g f r actu res ,

a n d pa l e

ta n cp x fractu

red al ong cl eavage bu t u na l tered , i n a g rou ndmass of b row n pal agon
i ti zed gl ass wi th skel eta l pl ag and ti ny ma gneti te . Opaq ue m i ne
ral s are l a rge bl ocky , some skel etal ; mag netite and ilmen i te . Sparse
serpen ti n i zed ol crysta l s.

Ti ny aci cul ar apa ti te incl u sions i n p l

ag .
4540-4550 Al mos t tota lly basa ltic . D i ffers from the above in ha v ing l ess
ori g i na l gl ass, sl i g h tly coa rser gra i n size , and sl igh tly more
ol . One f ragmen t of da rk red-bl ack gl a ss wi th a singl e pl ag crystal .
4720-4730 Ba sal t no ti ceabl y f resher than above . Most

gl a ss

f resh , and

conta i n s ab u ndan t apa ti te need l es , pl ag hopper crystal s , and mi nu
te pl umose cpx crystal l i tes .
5890-5900

Not a tru l y homogeneou s sampl e . Pred omi na n tly ( "'70% ) dev i tri f ied

(XRF)

pal a gon i ti zed gl ass , 30% f i ne- to med i um-g ra i ned ba sal t .

6050-6060

La rgel y suboph i ti c pl ag iocl a se phyr ic ba sal t wi th l ocal ly devel
oped oph i ti c textu re . P l ag i s fresh , cpx l ocall y rimmed a nd /or
vei ned with hema ti te , grou ndmass enti rel y pal agoni te , green cl ay ,
and/ or dark -bl ack , red- bl ack gl ass ( chl orophaei te? ) . Cpx strongly
tan- col ored i n pl ane-pol ar ized l i gh t . Fi ve percen t cl aystone , as
above , bu t sl i g h tly coarser grai ned and richer i n ca rbona te. One
percen t total singl e crysta l s of

pl ag , red-bl ack gl ass contai n i ng

sca ttered pl ag l aths l ocal ly converted to cl ay ( ? ) , dev i tri f ied
20

g l a ss , an d fra gme n t s of ch il l ed ba sal t w i th we a k l y devel o
ped va riol i ti c tex tu re ( see sampl e 4090-4200 f t ) .
6130-6140 La rgel y suboph i tic to i n tersertal py roxe ne phy r ic ( ra rely oph itic )
ba sal t w i th l a r g e amo u n t s of cl ay i n th e g rou n dm a ss a n d i
n amygd u l es. Mi nor devel opmen t of zeol i tes i n amygd u l es . Fi v e
percent total dev i tr if i ed g l a ss ( spheru l itic ) , singl e crystal s of
pl ag and cpx , bl ack gl a ss wi th va ri ol es of green cl ay , and ch i l l ed ,
wea k ly v a r i ol i tic basal t .
6220-6230

Homogeneou s bu t very al tered sampl e. Fi ne-gra i ned to va ri ol i tic

(XRF)

basa l t with pl ag phe nocrysts and spa rse ol rel i cts , now heav ily
outl i ned by opaques.
opaq ues ,

render i ng

G rou ndma ss choked

grai ns

wi th ti ny ( <0 .02 mm )

near l y opaq ue .

I n tersti tial py roxene

<0.01 mm , and al tered green gl ass . Some of the coarser pl ag ha s
green cl ay repl acemen t , and chl ori te f il l s vesi cl es.

Some gra i n s

h av e br i g h t ora n ge- red a l te ra t i on of py rox en e a n d pl a g a n d
serpen ti ni zed ( ? ) ol .
6250-6260 Ba sal t wi th mi nor cl aystone and dev i trif i ed gl ass . Li thol ogies as
above . Ba salt fragmen ts l ocally peppered wi th equa n t opaq ues. No
zeol ites .
6320-6330

The bu l k of th i s sampl e i s composed of two types of ba sal t :
Ty pe I -

Su b op h i ti c p l a g phy r i c ( a s descr i bed

i n 6050-6060

i n terv a l ) .
Type II -

Ve ry l ong , na rrow pl agiocl a se l aths usuall y

set

in a

dark b rown , nea rly opaq ue grou ndma ss.
The pl ag i n Ty pe I I i s of ten va r i ol i ti c ; a few hopper crystal s are
u sually p resen t.
a nd there are

Some of the grou ndma ss i s al tered to green cl ay

a f ew amygdal oi dal zeol i tes .

Cpx

occurs onl y

as

m i n u te granu l es . Ap proxi ma tel y 2% dev i tr i f i ed gl a ss ( spheru l i
tic) and traces of red-bl ack vi trophy re wi th a few pl ag l ath s .
6370-6380 Seventy _pe rcen t sedimen tary , rang i ng from cl ay stone ( a s above )
to f ine-g rai ned sand stone wi th a cl ay ma tri x and angu l ar qua rtz
grai ns. Th i rty percen t ba sal t , both Ty pe I and II ( see above ) .
Mi nor amou nts of ind i v i dua l crystal s of cpx , ca rbona te , zeol i tes ,
serpen tin ized ol , and dev itri f ied gl a ss .
6560-6570 M i x ture of cl aystone and Ty pe I and II ba sal ts with trace amou nts
of dev i tri f ied gl a ss and orange pal agon i te .

The Ty pe I ba sal t
21

con tai n s mi nor amou n ts of ol and zeol i tes. Fi ve pe rcen t ba sal t
fragmen ts w i th fresh gl ass a nd skel etal opaques ( sim il ar to 4000- 4800 f
t) .

Th i s Ty pe I basal t seems to- grade i n to ano ther type of

basal t:
Type II I - Da rk red-bl ack gl a ss pa rti al ly conver ted to green cl
ay and envel opi ng cl oudy pl ag l a ths , wi th m i nor cpx .
6630-6640 La rgel y Ty pe I basal t with l esser amou n ts of Type Il l ba sal t an d
onl y mi nor amou n ts of Type II ba salt, cl aystone , and dev i tr if i ed
gl ass . Type I ba sal t grou ndmass i s l argel y dark red to red-bl ack
gl ass or ch l orophaeite ( ? ) . I t al so contai ns abu nda n t green cl ay
and zeol i tes , and is l ocal ly vei ned wi th hemati te .
6750-6760
( X RF )

Mi x tu re of

30% Ty pe I , 20% Type

Abu nda n t zeol i te s i n al l

II , and 50% Ty pe 111 ba salt .

three basal t types . The grou ndmass of the

Ty pe 111 ba salt i s al most opaque dark

brown -bl ack from ox i da ti on

and pep pe red with opa ques . Trace amou n ts

of

catacl astic ba sal t.

Hand -pick ed X RF sampl e: not homogeneo us sampl e.

Mostl y ( "'60% )

oph i ti c to su bo p h i t i c ba sal t .

Ye l l ow i sh -b row n a l tera ti o n

of py roxene especi ally at edges of

grai n , some green cl ay repl ac i

ng f el d spar. Opaques are ma gneti te and i l men i te . 30% coar ser gra
i ned pl ag i n opaque gl ass ma tri x .

One pi ece f i ne-gra i ned

sil

tstone . Vei n chl ori te , carbona te and quartz ± fel d spar .
6840-6850 Rou ghly equal amou n ts of Type I and I I basal ts a nd dark orange
brown pal agoni te; m inor amou n ts of Ty pe I I I ba sal t. Most pal ogon i
te conta i n s pl ag l aths and shows l ocal rel ict perl itic crack s. M i
nor cl aystone .
6960-6970 Type I ba sal t twice as ab u nda n t as Type I I.

Mi nor amou n ts of

ma rg i na lly serpen ti n ized ol i n Type I . Some fragmen ts ha ve fresh
gl ass . Mi nor amou n ts of cl aystone , dev i trif ied gl a ss , and orange
pal agon ite .
7020-7030 Th i rty percen t carbona te- rich cl ay stone , 25% Ty pe I basa l t , and 40%
Type II basal t. Ty pe I ba sal t groundmass ha s abu ndan t cl ay and
pal agoni te. Mi nor cal ci te crystal s , zeol i te , and Ty pe I l l ba sal
t.
7160-7170 Th ree to f ive percen t total cl aystone and Ty pe I ba salt. Res t i s
dev i tri f ied tu f f . Rel ict shards can be recog n ized i n a
fragments.

22

f ew

7210-7220
( X RF )

Tu f f , ori g i nal structu re obl i terated by dev i trif icati on .
Homogene ou s
sampl e.
Phenoc ry sts of
pl ag
spottily
repl aced
by
al bi te
or pa tches of carbona te , pyroxene al tered to chl ori te

Eu hedral

. mag neti te.Ra re z i rcon .
7310-7320 I den ti ca l to 7160-7170 f t , except dev itrif ied tu ff con ta i ns pseu domor ph s of ch l ori te and ma gneti te± serpen ti ne af ter py roxene an
d ol( ? ) .
7420-7430 Subeq ual amou n t s of dev i trif ied tuff and ba sal t . Mi nor amou n ts of
cl ayc; tone and zeol i te amygd u l es.

Fi ve pe rcen t very fresh basal t

f ragmen ts wi th l arge ophi tic cpx crystal s .
7480-7490

Very

simil ar to 7420-7430 f t .

ss ore ex ten si ve .

A1 tera ti on of ba saltic g rou ndma

Fel sic dev i tri f ication products coarser

grai ned .
7600-7610 N i nety-f i ve percen t ba salt of all three types. Fi ve percent fresh
basa l t ( a s in 7420-7430 f t ) , traces of

pl ag

crystal s ,

zeol i te

amy gd u l es , a nd dev i tri f ied tuf f .
7640-7650 Fif ty perce n t Type I ba sal t wit h l a rge amou nt of cl ay in both the grou
ndmass and amygd u l es , some zeol ite-f il l ed amygd ul es. F i f teen
percen t fresh basa l t , 10% Type I I ba sal t , 25% dev i tri f ied tuf f ,
l ocal ly spheru l i ti c .
7790-7800
( X RF )

Fi ve to ten

pe rcen t total

Ty pe I basa l t , chi ps of

dark

orange

pal agon i te ,

zeol i tes , dev i tri f ied tuf f , and ca tacl astic ba sal t .

Rest is l a rgel y Type II I wi th a mi nor amou nt of Ty pe I I ba sa l t .
Type I I has strongly devel oped v ariol i tic pl ag a nd l arge amoun ts of
cl ay in the grou ndma ss. Ty pe I I basa l t al so con ta i n s a f ew cpx
granu l es, wh ich are usua lly rimmed or vei ned wi th hema tite . Ha ndpicked XRF sampl e:
i n tersertal

texture .

f a i rly

homogeneous coarse-gra i ned ba salt with

Some va ri ol i tic f el dspa r i n opaque gl a ss.

C h l ori te pa rti al l y repl aci ng gl a ss and f i l l i ng void s.
an d m i nor epi dote repl acemen t of

some f el d spar .

Ch l ori te

Serpen ti ne

pseudomor ph a f ter ol . Abunda n t opaques i n some gra i ns i ncl ude mag
neti te and i l men ite, sparse opaques in others.
7890-7900

Gl a ss i n ma ny gra i ns

i s opaque .
Seventy-f i ve percen t Type I ba sal t wi th sma l l amou n ts of ol and 25%
Ty pe I I I basal t. Mi nor amou n ts of carbona te-poor cl aystone ; cl
ay- f i l l ed amygd ul es , f resh ba sal t , dev i tri f ied tuf f , and Ty pe
I I basalt .

7990-8000

V i rtua lly iden tical to 7890-7900 f t .

Perha ps a bit more dev i tri -

23

f ied sil i c i c vol can i c ( tuf f ? ) and cl ay stone .
8020-8030 Si x ty percen t Ty pe I ba salt wi th a cl ay- r i ch groundmass , 20% Type
II I

basalt , a nd 20% ca rbona te-poor cl aystone .

Mi nor amou n ts of

d ev i t r i f i ed si l i c i c vo l ca n i c , Ty pe I I b a sal t , a n d cl ay- f i l l
ed amygd u l es , some of wh ich conta i n i n tergrown zeol i tes .
8030-8040 Ma i nl y fresh suboph itic basa l t wi th some grou ndmass cl ay . Mi nor
amou n ts of al l three basal t types , dev i tri f ied sil icic vol can ic
( l ocal l y spherul i ti c ) , and cl ay stone .
8050-8060

Two

ba salt types .

( X RF )

ITITI )

fresh

P redom i na ntly ( "'80% ) coarse-gra i ned

suboph itic to

i n tersertal

basa l t .

( 0.5-1.0

Spar se opaques are

mostl y bl ocky mag neti te . Mi nor ch l ori te al teration of f el d spar and
py roxene .

Fragmen t of vei n epi dote .

Rest of

gra i n s are opaque

gl a ss, most con ta i n i ng th i n skeletal f el d spa r l aths.
8070-8080 Si x ty pe rcen t dev itrif ied sil i ci c volca n ic wi th l arge rel ict crys
ta l s of em bay ed q u a r tz a nd f el d spa r a n d m i n or a l te r a t i on
to epi dote ; rare

gran itic fragmen ts exh i biti ng per th i te;

1a rge

free m icrocl i ne crystal s; 20% each of Ty pe I and II basal t.

Traces

of cl ay stone and opaq ue bl ack gl ass ( wi thou t crystal s ) .
8240-8250 Fi ve- ten percen t ba sal t; subeq ual amo u n ts of Ty pe I and I I . Res t
i s dev itri f ied sil icic vol can ic; mi nu te epi dote is abunda n t i n
the g rou ndmass .
8260-8270

Coa rsel y dev itrif i ed tuf f .

Orig i nal shard

structu re 1ost . Small

( X RF )

pa tches of brown cl ay and chl orite and mi nor epi dote a l tera ti on i
n grou ndmass . La rger pa tches of carbona te repl aceme n t . Vo i d s f i 11ed
wi th ch l orite ± potassi um f el d spar and qua rtz .
are abund an t and very a l tered .

Pl ag phenocry sts

Ro u nded opaques

are proba bl y

mag neti te . No pseu domor phs a f ter py roxene or o l . Ra re sphene .
8430-8440 Seventy-f i ve percen t d ev i tri f i ed si l i ci c vol can ic ( tuf f ) as i n 80708080 f t , strongl y epidoti zed .

Abou t 5% of the fragmen ts show ev

idence of rel ict wel ded tex tures ; dev itrif i ed tuf f a l so conta in s several
bl ocky pseudomor phs of chl orite a f ter py roxene and ol ; 20% Ty pe I
and 5% Type II basalt . Traces of ca 1careous cl ay stone and opaq ue
red-bl ack gl ass .
8530-8540 Mostl y homogeneou s sampl e of medi um-g ra i ned suboph i ti c basal t wi
th ( X RF ) ab u n da n t b l oc ky mag ne t i te 0 .05 mm d i am . C h l or i te i s mo stl y

24

i ntersti ti al . Some gra i ns very fresh , some ha ve chl ori te al tera
tion of pl ag and py roxene . Two grai ns of pl ag l ath s encl osed i n redbl ack opaque gl a ss; a f ew grai n s f i ner gra i ned withou t sub ophi ti c
tex ture .

No ol .

P rehnite and epidote whi ch appea red i n X RD pa

ttern do not appear i n th i s ha nd-pi cked sampl e.

8600-8610 La rgely basal t , 80% Type I wi th traces of ol ,
abunda n t hema ti te . Rest i s Type I I.

One

cry sta l s , serpe n ti n i z ed ol c ry stal s ,

grou ndmass wi th

percen t total

zeol i te ,

cal ci te

cl ay- f i l l ed

amygd ul es, cl aystone , and dev i tri f ied tuf f ( l ocal ly spherul i tic ) .

8670-8680 Fo r ty pe rc en t

dev i tri f i ed

si l i c i c tu f f

( l oca l l y

dev el

ope d wel di ng? ) ; 40% Type I basal t with abunda n t cl ay . Mi nor pal a
gon i te and skel etal opaques in the groundmass , 15%, carbona te-rich cl
ay stone . Rest is Type I I a nd I I I basal t.

8750-8760 Coarsel y dev i tri f ied tuff , some pl umose dev i trif ication . Orig i nal
( X RF )

textu re obl i tera ted .
Green cl ay and carbona te repl acemen t of
f el d spars ex tensi ve i n some grai n s .
Sparse phenoc rysts .
Ra re
qua rtz phenocry sts wi th

secondary

bi -pyrami dal

overg rowth s

and

chl orite pseu domorphs a f ter py roxene . Opaques sparse a nd sharpl y
euhed ral ( cubi c ) .

8800-8810 Med i um to f inel y dev i tri f i ed tuf f .
( XRF )

Some

perl i ti c crack s stil l

a p pa ren t . Some pl u mose dev i tr i f i cati on .

homoge n eou s samp l e ,

st ron g l y

Fa i rl y

a l tered w i th ex ten si
v e c h l o r i te an d ca l ci te

repl acemen t of

grou ndmass .

. Sparse phenocrysts
y

of

Spray
very

of

pre h n i te( ? ) in

al tered pl ag .

one

gra i n

Spar se , usuall

small opaques, su rrou nded by rou nded al tera ti on

rims .

8830-8840 Seven ty-f i ve percen t ba sa 1t , ( 50% Type II and 25% Ty pe
cl ay stone and dev i tri f i ed sil ici c vol cani c .

Rest i s
Mi nor amou n ts of
I).

cal ci te , zeol i te crysta l s, and pal agoni te .

8970-8980 Coarsel y dev i tri f ied tuf f , f ai rly homogeneou s sampl e. Grou ndma
ss ( X RF )

conta ins some cl ay . Ch l ori te occu rs i n the groundmass and f i ll
s voi ds. Small carbona te vei ns occu r i n a f ew gra in s. Phenocry sts

210%

of the roc k and are extremel y a l tered . Pl ag contai ns abunda n t
opaque spots , smal l cl u sters of epi dote crystal s and cl ear pa tches
of al bi te . The singl e py roxene ha s been al tered to

chl ori te .

Spa rse opaques appear resorbed and embayed. Sphene i s associ ated
wi th some opaques .

25

9060-9070 Sixty percent devitrified sil icic volcani c wi th rel ict pl
ag crys tal s and pseudomorphs of chl ori te after cpx (?) or
ol(?); l ocally strongly spherul itic wi th abundant cl ay in
the groundmass; 30% Type II basal t, 5% Type I basal t wi th
mi nor ol and green cl ay in ground- mass . Mi nor cl
aystone, cl ay-fil l ed amygdul es, and catacl astic basalt .
9110-9120 Subequal amounts of Type I and II basal ts. Abundant cal ci te
amygdul es and vei ns of cal cite, quartz, and epi dote. Mi
nor amounts of catacl astic basal t, cl aystone, and devi tri
fied sil icic vol canic.
9130-9150 Coarse-grai ned al tered basal t. Opaques compri se 5-7% of
(XRF)
the rock and are ilmeni te and bl ocky and skel etal
magneti te. Grey-green al terati on of groundmass, epi dote
and mi nor cal cite repl acement i n pl ag, some chl ori te
after pyroxene . Some epidote in the ground mass. Fragment
of chl ori te and prehnite vei n or amygdul e (with some
epi dote?).
9220-9250 Homogeneous sampl e of fine-grai ned (2_0.25 mm long) pl ag i n al tered
(XRF)
and nearl y opaque gl assy matri x. Opaques barely di scerni
ble,
i ncl ude bl ocky magneti te and ilmenite.Epidote fi l l ing voi
of fracture fi l l i ng
ds. Fragments
quartz
± epi dote.
Strai
ned exti nction i n granul ar vei n quartz.
9380-9390 Subequal amounts of dev i tri fi ed si l ici c v ol cani c
(local ly spherul i tic wi th abundant groundmass epidote)
and 1argely Type I basalt . Ten percent of the basalt is unal
tered, subophi tic, and cpx- pl ag phyri c. Sil ici c vol
cani c contai ns rel i ct fel dspar phenocrysts, and
pseudomorphs of chl ori te after cpx and ol(?).
9420-9460 Coarsely devi tri fied tuff, al tered (?) dark brown.
Some l
ighter (XRF)
brown
spherul i tes.
Ori ginal
textures obl iterated .
Chl orite is
mi nor and occurs mostly as voi d and fracture fil l ings. Phenocrysts
<10%. Plag contai ns many ti ny el ongate opaques, perha ps
the resul t of excl usi on of opaque matter al ong cleavage
pl anes on recrystal - 1 ization. Small patches of green cl ay
repl acement and small clear al bi te(?) patches occur in pl

ag. Some phenocrysts appear resorbed. Sparse opaques rounded and
resorbed. Sparse chl ori te pseudomorphs after pyroxene (?).
9500-9510 Ni nety-fi ve percent devi trifi ed sil icic vol canic (as
above) wi th rel ict pl ag phenocrysts. Five percent Type I
and Type II basal ts.
26

9590-9600 Seventy pe rcen t dev i trif ied sil icic volca n ic , 30% ba sal t { a ll th ree
types ) . Mi nor cl ay stone .
9676 (TD )

Some

va riation

i n dev itri f ication gra i n size , bu t mostl y f i nel y

{ X RF )

dev i trif ied .

Fa i n t rel ict perl i tic cracks , bo th concen tr i c

and ran dom outl i ned with chl ori te . Pa tchy chl ori te and epi dote wi de
spread throug hou t the grou ndma ss.

P henocrysts >10% .

Pl ag v i r

t u a 11y u n d i st i n gu i sh a b l e i n pl a n e l i g h t bec a u se of rec
ry sta l l iza tion to a l bi te with ab u ndan t opaque excl u sions . Mi nor
epi dote i n pl ag . Opaq ues are rou nded . A cl u ster of sma ll qua rtz may
be recrysta l l ized f rom l arger gra i n .
R EFER E NCES
Bell uomi n i , S. G . and G . V a n Hou ten , "Petrograph ic and Stratigrap hi c Co rrel a ti
on of the Bosti c lA Wel l , 11 Ha rd i ng-L awson Associ a tes repor t to L os Al amos
Na tional La bora tory ( 1981) .
APPE ND I X C
CH EM I CAL ANAL YSES AND X -RAY D I FF RACT I ON
DATA TABLE C-I
CH EMI CAL ANAL YSES OF SEL ECTE Da BASALT SAMPL ES FROM TH E BOSTI C 1-A W ELL
44504470
ft
46.00
Si02
Ti0
3.48
2
Al 2o 13.29
3
FeO
15.06
14.83
MgO
6.47
MnO
o.23
Cao
8.90
Na 2o
K20
P2D5
Total b

2.22
0.67

o.72

97.04
94.77

(Di Ice?)
8050- 85308060
8540
ft
ft

58805900
ft

62206230
ft

67506760
ft

45.59

45.00

45.24

46.67

45.62

2.81

2.65

2.06

2.51

3.09

77907800
ft

91309150
ft

Di ke
92309250
ft

48.13

48.89

44.06

1.88

3.13

3.61

----

13.45 14.42 14.79 13.98 13.65 14.47 13.29 13.21
12.77 13.63 12.64 11.60 12.02 11.04 13.02
6.37
o.20
9.37

6.87
o. 23
9.42

2.62
0.41
o. 75

2.50
0.38
o.56

94.62

5.25
0.18
10.45
1.53
0.26
0.38

6.74
o.19
9.64
3.11
o.39
o.34

8.04
o. 21
11.20
2.08
o.14
o. 40

7.31
o. 19
9.17

4,69
o. 20
6.27

5.97
o. 23
9.46

2.95
o.54
o.33

3.04
l.96
0.63

l.95
o.74
o. 71

95.82 93.37 94.72 95.87 96.01 95,12

a See text for di scussion of selection criteri a.
b Total s are bel ieved low because of water contai ned in alteration
mineral s. Loss on igniti on performed i n ai r resul ts i n gai ns
due to oxidation of i ron, so actual water content has not been
determined .

27

APPENDI X C (cont)
TABLE C-11
CHEMICAL ANALYSES OF SELECTEDa SAMPLES OF IDAVADA FROM THE BOSTIC 1A WELL
72107220
ft

82508270
ft

87508760
ft

72. 61

68.05

73.49

88008810
ft

94409460
ft

9676
(TD )
ft

69. 11

72. 44

71. 93

73. 22

o. 55

o.71

o.41

0. 59

0. 50

o. 56

0.50

12. 04
2. 79
0. 35

13. 73
3. 84
0.72

11.36
2. 61
0. 34

13. 14
3. 71
o. 91

12.11
3. 51

11.67
3.31

11. 81
3. 04

0. 37

0.46

MnO

0.04

0.07

0.04

o. 06

o. 06

0. 05

0.30
0.05

CaO

1.03

2. 33

1.2 1

2. 56

1. 14

1.25

1.56

Na 0
2
K 20

2.79
5, 34

2. 90
4.23

1.82
5.74

4.49
1.87

2.37
5. 40

2. 18
5. 86

2.89
4.34
0.06

o. 82
98.59

Si 02
Ti0
2
Al o
2 3
FeO
MgO

P205

0.06

0.11

0. 05

0.06

o. 05

'LO I

0. 75

2. 17

1.36

2.51

2. 4 7

o. 05
o. 79

98.35

98.86

98.43

99.01

100.42

98.11

Tot a l

a See text for d i scussion of sel ect ion cr i teri a.

28

89708980
ft

APPENDI X C
(cont) TABLE C-I

II
ALTERATI ON MI NERALS DETERMINED BY XRD OF SELECTED
UNITS
a.,
E
....
.... .a...,. ....
.... ....
a.,
..., ....
a.,
a.,
a.,
a.,
a.,
a.,
"
....2 ,.... a . ,"',...,
.... ...,
0
"'

-

C

--

Basalt

,....

It,

o

<

5880-5900

X

X

6220-6230
6750-6760

X

:,

I,.

<

}:;

It,

C

,..J

O N

u

h , X
s
t

I,.

,....
>,

a.,

It,

'"'

O'

X

p

t?

X

X

X

X

p

X

X

,....

C

0

E

0,

:,

:I:

X

:F.:

Idavad a

LL.

p

X

X

X

7210-7220
A

p
X
X

X

X
X

t?

8250-8270

p?

8750-8760 A
8800-8910
8970-8980

X

p

X
X

It,

It,

X

p
p

t

h
heul andi te
s = sti l bite
X
= abundant
p
present
t
trace

LLJ

I,.

Cl)

X

p
X

p

u

-0

p

X

9130-9150

-

c..

,....

X

t
X

X

8530-8540

u

Cl)

Cl)

X

X

7790-7800

I,.

u

It,

- -

-

C

.... a.,
:,
It,

-

N

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

x?

p

9420-9460
9676 A

29

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BASALT : BLACK, FINEGRAINED SUBOPHITIC, WITH
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FOR A
FEW PLAGIOCLASE CRYSTALS.
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AMOUNTS OF BETA QUARTZ AND
CALCITE CRYSTALS AND
AMYGDULOIDAL ZEOLITES.
TRACES OF COPPER OXIDE
STAINING IN LOWER THIRD OF
UNIT. TUFF BECOMES COATED
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or original logs.

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BASALT; FRESH, BLACK, GROUNDMASS IS
APHANITIC TO GLASSY WITH FINE-GRAINED
PLAGIOCLASE AND OLIVINE. SMALL ( 1-2mm}
ZEOLITE-FILLED AMYGDULES OCCUR. MINOR
AMOUNTS OF CLAYSTONE ANO QUARTZ
CRYSTALS ARE ALSO PRESENT

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1973

Gulf Mineral Resources Co.,September 1974

Fig. A-1 .
L i thologic and geophysical logs of the Bostic 1-A well, Idaho ( from Bell uomini and
Van Houten 1981) .

WELL LOCATION : SW!, SW!, SEC: 25, T45, R8E

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Cross Section D – D’
Please See the cross section
published in the USGS
Phillipsberg Geological Map
A - A’.

This cross section illustrates the
Formations lumped together in the
Google Earth Map under Idaho
Batholith as a combination of
formations including Neo-Proterozoic
and Cretaceous Granite. The
Formations are all stirred up as one
would expect would happen when a
Cascadia Thrust Sheet bulldozed and
sheared off the top of the
Beaverhead Impact Crater’s central
uplift.