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Do Now

1. How are nucleotides bonded?


2. What is the monomer of lipid?
3. What is the function of a carbohydrate?
4. Can humans digest cellulose?
5. What is the polymer of a carbohydrate
found in animals called?

Exit Ticket Review


1.What

are the functions of a lipid? insulate and


protect organs, hormone, and long-term
energy storage
2.What is one example of a lipid? fat,
phospholipid, or steroid
3.What is the monomer of a nucleic acid?
nucleotide
4.What is a synonym for regulation?
homeostasis

SWBAT
differentiate between inorganic
and organic
identify all 4 major organic
compounds: carbohydrates, lipids,
nucleic acids, and proteins
identify monomer, function, and
example of proteins

Nucleic Acids https://youtu.be/T5gEIViVAPw (2 mins)

Nucleic acids store


the code for genetic
heredity.
A nucleic acids monomer
(subunit) is a nucleotide. Many
nucleotides bond together to
make up a long chain called a
nucleic acid.

Nucleic acids allow traits to be passed


from parent to child (DNA)

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There are two basic types of nucleic


acids:
DNA is a double chain of nucleotides found
in all living cells.
RNA is a single chain of nucleotides that
provides the structures needed for the cell
to make proteins.

Proteins

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https://youtu.be/9hyiKNaLqTo ( 3 mins)

All six essential elements may be


used in the production of small
subunits (monomer) called amino
acids.
There are 20 different amino acids.
Amino acids bond to other amino
acids by peptides to form a long
chain called a protein.
These chains of amino acids fold into
a particular shape.
The shape of a protein will determine
its function.
If a protein denatures (loses its
shape) it can no longer function.

Functions of proteins

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the basic building materials for life

Some proteins, called pigments, absorb and


reflect light. Ex. Chlorophyll absorbs light to gather
energy for photosynthesis and reflects the color green.

Some proteins are constructed by cells to bind


with and inactivate foreign particles in the body.
These are called antibodies.
Random fact: even though I moved a lot, I didnt go on
my first vacation until I was 19. I took a train to Savannah with my income
tax refund.

https://youtu.be/ae_jC4FDOUc (4 mins)

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Some proteins are used for transport through


the cell membrane or in the bloodstream
(ex. hemoglobin- transports oxygen
throughout bloodstream)
Some proteins are used for communication
between cells. These may be hormones
(insulin) or neurotransmitters.
ex. Insulin is secreted by the pancreas
and is used to regulate blood sugar
levels.
Enzymes (a special class of protein) act to
speed up chemical reactions. (ex.
peptidase also known as protease)
ALL ENZYMES end in -ase

SWBAT
differentiate between inorganic
and organic
identify all 4 major organic
compounds: carbohydrates, lipids,
nucleic acids, and proteins
identify monomer, function, and
example of proteins

Independent Activity
In your notebook, organize all your organic
molecules on one page and for EACH organic
compound include:

1)name of organic compound


2)monomer (and picture)
3)polymer, if one is present (and picture)
4)type of bond, if given
5)chemical test (we will fill this out later)
6)FUNCTION

Group Activity
Kahoot!
https://play.kahoot.it/#/k/53883ff4-8fbe-4e7e-b782-8aba56a20489

Do Now

(you have 5 minutes after the bell to complete)

1) Which STERNGRR term does protein


relate to the most? Why?
2) What is the monomer for
carbohydrates?
3) What is an example of a polysaccharide
in plants?
4) How are nucleic acids bonded together?
5) How are amino acids bonded together?

Biochemistry
Day 4 out of 7

Take out your


Organic Molecule
foldable or
master sheet!

time!!!!!
1. What is the monomer of proteins?
2. What is a proteins function?
3. What are 2 examples of proteins?
4. What are the two polymer examples of
carbohydrates?
5. What is the monomer of a carbohydrate?
6. What is the monomer of a nucleic acids?
7. How is the monomer of a nucleic acid
bonded?
8. What is the function of a nucleic acid?
9. What is the monomer of a lipid?
10.What are the three functions of a lipid?
11.How was I able to afford my 1st vacation?

SWBAT
identify enzymes as proteins
understand that amino acids make
up proteins and it is the amino
acid sequence that determines a
proteins shape, which then
determines its function

Enzymes
Enzymes- a fun introduction YouTube

Enzymes help maintain


homeostasis
Metabolism (chemical reactions)
requires certain conditions to
occur. Enzymes regulate
metabolism, allowing life to
continue. Enzymes speed up
reactions, making an enzyme a
biological catalyst.

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Enzymes continued

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Metabolism (each reaction) has a


small range of temperature and
pH at which it can proceed. Each
reaction also needs some energy
to begin. This is called activation
energy. Enzymes allow reactions
to occur at lower activation energy
(body temperature).

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Graph of a reaction with and


without an enzyme

The structure of an enzyme


determines its function
Enzymes are usually proteins. Proteins
have a definite 3-D structure based on
how the amino acid chains fold.
On the enzyme, there is a place
where the target molecule can attach.
This place is called the active site.
The target molecule/chemical is the
substrate.

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Active Site

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If the enzymes active site changes shape


too much, the substrate will not fit. An
enzyme may change shape if it is
denatured by a change in temperature,
pH, or salinity. This means the enzyme
will not be able to speed up the reaction.

DRAW
THIS
--------->

Enzyme - YouTube (1 min)

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Enzymes mediate (help) chemical


reactions using a specific chemical
pathway (series of steps).
The enzyme collides with the substrate.
The enzyme and substrate fit together at
the active site like a lock and key.

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The enzyme changes the substrate in


some way
It may help break the substrate apart by
stressing bonds.
It may hold two (or more) substrates
together closely so the two parts interact.
The enzyme and the substrate (now
product) separate.

Enzymes have distinguishing characteristics

Enzymes are specific. This means


enzymes will catalyze only one specific
reaction because only certain substrates
fit due to the shape of the active site.
Enzymes are reusable. Notice in the
previous diagram that the enzyme did
not change shape or split. This means it
can now fit with another substrate or set
of substrates and repeat its role in
speeding up the reaction.
https://youtu.be/deFQhPurj-k

(4 mins)

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SWBAT
identify enzymes as proteins
understand that amino acids make
up proteins and it is the amino
acid sequence that determines a
proteins shape, which then
determines its function

Group Activity/Independent Practice


You may work with 1 partner or individually.
Create a poster that has:
1) An Enzyme-Substrate Complex
2) Label the enzyme, substrate, the enzymesubstrate complex, and the products
3) Include 5 facts about enzymes on your
poster
4) Make it colorful! I will hang these up.

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Graph of a reaction with and


without an enzyme