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Definition of Electrical Substation:

Electrical substations may be defined as the transformation and


switching stations which are built in between the power stations
and ultimate consumers.
Types of Electrical substations:
Based on purpose:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Step-up substation
Primary grid substation
Secondary grid substation
Distribution substation
Bulk supply or industrial substation
Mining substation
Mobile substation

Based on voltage level:


1.
2.
3.
4.

Medium voltage substation (up to 33 kV)


High voltage substation (66 kV to 132 kV)
Extra high voltage substation (230 kV to 400 kV)
Ultra high voltage substation (760 kV and above)

Based on insulating medium:


5. Air insulated switchgear substation (AIS substation)
6. Gas insulated switchgear substation (GIS substation)
Based on constructional features:
7. Outdoor type
8. Indoor type