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Mirror

Madina Puspita

Dinda Ayu Rahmi Firda Thalika Rizqia Pravitasari Anjani

Definit ion

1. A surface capable of reflecting sufficient undiffused light to form an image of an object placed in front of it. Also called looking glass. Mirror Plane Mirror Concave Mirror Convex Mirror

Concave Mirror

of Concave Mirror

Parts

Properties

of Concave Mirror’s

Image

Specific Lights

of Concave Mirror

Concave Mirror in

Formula

Daily Life Problems

of Concave Mirror

Convex Mirror

Convex Mirror

of Convex Mirror

Parts

Specific Lights

of Convex Mirror

of Convex Mirror

Problems

Properties

of Convex Mirror’s

Image

Formula

Convex Mirror in

Daily Life

Concave Mirror

**Parts of Concave Mirror
**

Radius of the mirror Center point of curvature the mirror R curvature 3 P Main/Principal Axis Focal point of the mirror 2 F f Focal length of the mirror 1 O Cutting point of the main axis to the concave mirror 4

- Object is located between point O and F, in room 1 -Object is located between point F and P, in room 2 -Object is located before point P, in room 3 -Object is located after point O, in room 4

Concave Mirror

**Specific Lights of Concave Mirror
**

Convex mirror also has three specific properties as follow : 1. If the incident ray paralleled to the principal axis, it will reflected as if it from the focal point (F). 2. If the incident ray passed through the focal point (F), it will reflected parallel to the principal axis. 3. If the incident ray passed through the curvature center point (P), it will reflected as if it from the curvature center point (P). A concave mirror has a property of collecting the light (convergent ).

P

F

**Concave Mirror and It’s Image
**

Object h S

h’

Image S’

the image formed if the object is located in room 3 are:

ct

h = The height of the object to the principal axis S = The distance between the Object to the mirror h ’ = The height of the image to the principal axis = S’ The distance between the image to the mirror

Concave Mirror and It’s Image

mage formed if the object is located at the center point P are :

Object

point P

Image

Concave Mirror and It’s Image

the image formed if the object is located in room 2 are :

Object

object 3

Image

Concave Mirror and It’s Image

Object

ocated at the center of point F, there will no image formed

Concave Mirror and It’s Image

f the image formed if the object is located in room 2 are:

object 3

Image Object

om where object is + The number of room where image is = 5

**Example of Concave Mirror in daily life
**

•P ersonal embellishment •As light reflector in spotlight •As center micro wave signal from satelit to parabola •As a collector light in teleskop and microscope

**Example Problem of Concave Mirror
**

Problem 1 Look at the figure on the right . A beam toward the mirror as shown on the figure . So , what kind of reflected ray that happen? Explain and draw it ! Problem 2 An object is 0 . 5 cm in height . It puts in front of concave mirror until makes image on screen with 2 cm in height and focal length of the mirror is 20 cm . Calculate the distance of the object to the mirror . Problem 3 An object is put 20 cm in front of concave mirror and produce image that can be caught by screen on distance 30 cm in front of the mirror . Calculate focal length of the mirror .

**Problem Solving of Problem 1
**

Because the incident ray passed through the focus point ( F ). So , it is reflected parallel to the principal axis

Picture

**Problem Solving of Problem 2
**

Known : h = 0 . 5 cm h ’ = 2 cm f = 20 cm s :

Ask Solution

:

The distance of a thing to a mirror can be decided with magnifier image . M = h’ h 2 cm M = 0 . 5 cm M = f s-f 20 cm = s – 20 cm

2 ( s – 20 cm ) = 0 . 5 cm . 20 cm s = 25 cm 2s - 40 cm = 10 cm 2 So , the distance of the thing to the mirror is 25 cm

**Problem Solving of Problem 3
**

Known Ask Solution : : s = 20 cm s ’ = 30 cm : f s . 20 cm . 30 cm = f = s’ s + 20 cm + 30 cm s’ 600 cm 2 = 50 cm = 12 cm So , the focal length of the mirror is 12 cm

**Convex Mir ror's Par ts
**

Radius of the mirror curvature R Main / Principal Axis O F P Center point of the mirror curvature Focal point of the mirror

Cutting point of the main axis to the convex mirror

f

Focal length of the mirror Convex Mirror

**Convex Mir ror's Pr oper ties
**

Convex mirror also has three specific properties as follow : 1 . If the incident ray paralleled to the principal axis , it will reflected as if it from the focal point ( F ). 2 . If the incident ray passed through the focal point ( F ), it will reflected parallel to the principal axis . 3 . If the incident ray passed through the curvature center point ( P ), it will reflected as if it from the curvature center point ( P ). A convex mirror has a property of diverging light ( divergent ).

F

P

**Convex Mir r or and It's Ima ge
**

Objec t h

properties of the image formed are : rtual right aller than object .

Image

h’ h = The height of the object to the S principal axis of = The distance the object to the h ’ mirror = The height of the image to the = The distance S ’ principal axis of the image to the mirror

S S’

F

P

**Example of Convex Mir r or
**

•in spoon •in a rearview mirror •in a mirror in three junction

**Pr oblem of Convex Mir r or
**

Problem 1 Focal length of a positive mirror is 8 cm . If an object is put 10 cm from the mirror , what is the distance of the image? Problem 2 An object is 60 cm in front of convex mirror . Its focal length of the mirror is 40 cm . Calculate : a . Distance of the image b . Magnifier

**Pr oblem Solving of Problem 1
**

Known Ask Solution = : f = 8 cm s = 10 cm : : s’ s . = 10 cm . 8 = 80 cm 2 s’ f cm cm – 8 s 10 2 f cm cm = 40 cm so cm

Because the value is positive , the distance of the image is 40 in front of the mirror

Known

**Pr oblem Solving of Problem 2
**

: s f = = 60 40 cm cm - 40 cm ( convex a. s’ b. M

mirror ) Ask :

s . 60 cm . - 40 cm - 2 , 400 Solution : a . f = = cm 2 s 60 cm – (- 40 100 cm s’ = f cm ) s ’ = -24 = 0 . 4 X = - 24 cm b. M = s 60 So , the distance of image is 24 cm and the magnifier is 0 . 4 X

1 1 1 = + f S S’

Formul a

1 2 = f R

h’ S’ M = = S h

M = S f

f

= an absolute sign that states the value of M always positive M = Magnification of the image

In the calculation run appointments as follows : 1 . For a concave mirror : f and R is positive (+). If S ’ is negative ( - ), then the image formed is virtual convex mirror : 2 . For a f and R is negative ( - )

== Problem Solving of Problem 2 b. M Solving of=Problem == ProblemM== of Convex Mirror 2 Problem sM s’:=:=a.60of=Problem 2 Solutions = s’a. b. b. = ss.0.f= ProblemM Solvings’ ==0.f 44X ProblemSolvings’ of Problem 2 Solutions = = s’ s’ 60 b. b. M 60 .0.f= X Problem Solving of Problem 2 sf =s . f X s ss ss-=.f0.44X b. M == s’ b.Solving of Problem 2 -24-24. .f f Problem b.M = s ss s-== f - -f Problem b.M s -24 == s -24 : sProblemSolving of Problem 2 M= Solving of Problem 2 Known 1 : s==60 cm Problem Problem Solving of Problem 2 Known Known = 60 sProblem Solving ofmirror) : :=cm 60cm -40 Solving of Problem =60 cm own Known length of acm -40cm (convex cm. If an : s f f =40 cm positive cm (convex mirror) Problem mirror is 8 Problem 2 s 4060 cm Focal Known : 40 :s’s==Problem cm (convexof Problem f :==40cm cm -40 Solving mirror) Ask Knownput cmscmcm cm -40 cm (convex mirror) f = a. 10 s=60 cm (convex mirror) the -40 the mirror, what is objectKnown f : =4060 is ==fromcm 24 cm and the mirror) 60 fof=40cm is -40 cm (convex mirror) So, Knowna.M f image cm distances’ 40cm Ask the Known s’ : : ss =60 = -40 cm (convex : : a. == b. image? Ask 60 60 the(-40 f := s cm = -2,400cm (convex mirror) distance Known -40cm) =60100 cm b. M = of cm. a. s’ cm cm cm -40 cm2 Ask 60cm 0.: a.Xs’fcm) =60100 cm 2cm (convex mirror) === Ask KnownM-40-24 =60=4 X-40Solution s’: =a. s’ = 60 ––4a.-40cm40 cm cm cm b. M (convex60 magnifier cm: b.(-40 :== 40-2,400 -40 cm = is b.:s’ s’60 40 cm M ss = s’mirror) s . Ask 60 60cm.(-40 f=cm400. f Ask cmcm.= -40s = 2 M= : : b. s’of = -2,400 cmSolutions= : =a. 60 ––a.M-40cm40cm 24cmb. cm(convex60 s’ = cm. M f= image is b. (-40cm) -2,400 -402cmb.M = s’mirror) M s’ cm) cm So, the distance s’f== 60 cm. -40 cmand(convex60 cm b. M s s’mirror Ask60 cm b.a. 60 cm.M-40cm -40 s Ask60 cm ––(-40s’ cm) cm. -40 cm b. the= s s’ : a. . f cm 60s’:4(-40cm) 60 cm.X . f= M = b.=sM-40 cm cm cm. Ask60a.60 b.a. Solution 2 0. 4 cm –=(-40fcm) -2,400 cm2 b. M = 2 magnifier X 0. Problem :60a.60 b.s- f-40cm) cm. -40 cm2 =b.2M scm 2 Solution 0.is0.Xs’cm.M-40cm -2,400 cm cm M = :60a.60X=(-40 f cm 4 0.44––M.fs’ cm) cm sss-a.. s’ 60 -2,400 SolutionAsk:60a. s’:X=(-40 f of image -2424 2cm and scm cm.s . -2,400 100 cm Ask f :60=cm:Xs- fin front of convex-24100cm the cmb.– (-40 cm) -2,400-24cm-2,400 a. -24cm2=b. Its SolutionSo,f the 60 cm s’ = is =cm = An 60-24 =0. cms– f 60 object =a.distance = ss- s’ =0.4s’ X cm = Solutions- - s’is60-24 =(-40 cm) -2,400cmmirror. cm b. M===-24:60a. 4-24- M s’ distance60 cms–M fis 24100cm == -24100 60 s f : = 60is b. -4 X cm) -2,400the100=cm 100 cm cm2 cm b. M60of s’:of 60b.s= So, thes’M=magnifiermirror(-40 cm. Calculate: cm =0.image 0. focal Solution-24 s’: a.60-24is 40 cm and = -24 cm length Solutions the a. -24= 100=cm b. distance of4s’ = = s’ X 100 cm the-24cm Solution4 X s’ So, the is 0. image is 24100 cm = -24 = magnifier distance of image is 24cm and the cm So, the Distance of the image24 cm and the So, the distance image is cm and a. magnifier is 0. 44X : of image is 24 cm and the Solution So, b.Solution X of image the distance a. s’ magnifier is 0. 4 X : a. s’ == is 24 cm and the magnifier isdistance of image is 24 cm and the 0. Magnifier So, the distance So, the is 0. 4 X of image iscm cm -24 = the 100s 24 == andcm magnifier is 0. 4 X s s s’ So, the distance -24 cm magnifier is 0. 4 X == -24cm magnifier is 0. 4 X of image is 24 cm and the s So, the -24 cm s magnifier distance b. M = magnifier is 0. 4 X == cm 100

=== f s .== =

s’ == M=60 6= 0 6s- f 0s s -2 ss-sf4 -2’ s s4’ 24 = s’ == ’ =60 === 664 X . 00 0 4 -2 -24- f s

-24 = -24cm === = cm Because the value 100 -24cm -2,400 cm2 is positive, so the cm 100cm= distance of the image is 40 cm in front of the mirror

’0 s6== . M0 bb.M== 0 66- f s s- f s 4 -2’ s = =

Ask

= -24 -24cm === cm -24cm =

2 cm 10 cm – 8 cm s - f 80 cm2 = 10 cm . 8 cm = . f Solution s =

**Sorry we’re not allowed to explain about this part
**

: s’ = s’ s 100 ss cm c sb. M = = -24 == s ==

Known : f = 8 cm s = 10 cm 40 cm

ss s’ = == s’ s’ 0 6 60

**Problem Solving of Problem 1
**

: s’

0. 0. 4=s.-24 sX .f f Xf 0. 44X .-24 ss.fs-=-f f fs==-24= ss. .fs-= f == s -24 =f == Solution == =

s’ = 60 60 s’ = ss60==

: s’

= Problem Solving of Problem 2 = Problem M =of = of Problem 2 bb. M s . =f Problem Solvinga. of Problem 2 ProblemM.=M s’Convex Mirror Solution =:=60a. ’ s 0. . 44 XX =s .0.=f Problem Solving of Problem 2 ss :=’ Solution =ss60 b. = =s 0.=f Problem bb. Ms s s60 of Problem 2 ’ ss’ = Solving ’ ’ = Solving = . . 44 ss -s 0.=f XX bb. MM =s s . --24=ss . . ff Problem Solving of Problem 2 -24 = . =s Solving of Problem 2 ffss = Problem bb. MM =s = -24 = Known -24 1 : : Problem Solving of Problem 2 ss = 60 cm =f Problem ProblemcmSolvingconvex Problem 2 of mirror) Known = 60 ProblemcmSolvingconvexProblem f Focal lengthcm60 cm positive mirror isProblem : : Problem -40 cm ( f ss =ofcm = 40 cm ownKnown: s = f60 = 4060a Solving of mirror) If of 8Proble Known = = 60 cm -40 cm ( (convex mirror) Problemfrom40the mirror, what . is) Solvingmirrormirror Known f = : 40ss = 60-40 cm40convex of ) cm ff’= 10 cm cm 40 Askobject :is a. : sput 40 cm cm - - ( cm (convex an Known = = 60 cm -40 cm (convex mirror) Known So, distance bof: :the 40 cm is -40 cm (convex mirror) Known . M’ ’ ss image cm distanceff = image? Ask the Known aa. ss: ofs = 60 cm 24 cm and :: = 40 cm = the Ask 60 Known .(--. s:cm== 100 2cm -40 cm (convex mirror fscm = =cm =Ask 60 cm :..a40.0cms 404060- ,400 -40M cm (convex mirro 40 ’ .f’4=X 60 cm Ask 60 cm –– is. s:cm)s = 100 cm 2bcm2 =s = the=magnifier b(--a ’ f = 40=cm Solution convex. mirr b M=40 ) =f 60 :cms.’.a40 -24 =2= 4 Xcm -40M cm ( s’ :=60 40 cm - 0,.400 . . cm = cm – M.60= 60 s . Ask 60Knowncm..a40s’cm) = 40 cm 2b-40M . = (= ssaa. mirr = = cm : – bM. M = ss Ask the60 :cm (--a40s’cm) image is Solution convex bb(- 40 of - ,400 ’’ 60 :cm...-M40ff = 240 cmcm 24 40b. Mand :=60 mir cm -2,400 cm2b- b cm M (= ’ s60 . So,Ask 60 cm – (--. s’cm) cm. -40 ’ cm cmcm s convex Ask 60 distance = 60 60 :cm..a40 fcm ss = cm – sa40s’cm) cm. -40 ’ cm b. M =s s’ bb(--.-0.f4 X 60. :cm..MM. =cm60 40 cm = Ask 60 4a X –is .40 cm) cm. -40 cm b. M s s the magnifier b(- 40 f 60 Solution2 060 cm . cm.. M.40 cm -2,400 cm2 :. : 60 ss = cm s (Problem Solution 0604aa4 – b-. 40 f cm -2,400 24 2 cmb400=cm2 2 60. X .s M. cm) b2, . MM = . cm s 0.cm s (--. s ’cm X X . - - cm -= , cm 22 ssSolutionSo.,600604 :cm ascmsf ) front-2,4002 2=100cm and . ’ ’ = An Ask- :f:the . distance of -2,400 cmis 100400 cm .cm : s - 40 cm cm24cm cm Ask 600a 4–– - a40’ in ) image24convex mirror Solution -s’f:=60f60 (-40 object is cm cm = .60 =s -24 600a.-24X - .40 cm) -2cmof= -24-=cm =s -24 = .cm – Solution -s==604 Xs b(- M bb 60= ss’the’MM=slengthaf4 bX. MismirrorX,400 40cm24100 ’ focal= -24’f: =of image 0100 -2cm -24 - 100= =s.s’ distance.cmcm –the40 is100 is = cm. =cm 60 s = . .of . -24 So, sSolution magnifier cm cm 2 100 cm = . Mthe s60060f s (. ) 24 ,400 and-24 = 4 Its ’ Solution ’ := a.-24 cm b 60 s s’ : a.-24 = = distance 60f imagecm 100 cmcm = =-24 cm = -24 = Solutionis 0. offX So,magnifier = theSo,s’the: distance 4of image is10024 cm and Calculate distance of image is 24 cmcm and cm Sos’the= , sthe is 24 ’ = Distance 0. 4the imageis 24 cmand the magnifier is :of a4 XX .the distance .4 So , aSolution the distance of the ,magnifier is 0..of. Ximage is 24 cm and the magnifier is :0 a image So bsSolution So,magnifier is 0. of X imagecm 24 -24and ’the distance of images is ’ 24 cm and = the Ayu=Rahmi s DindaSo.,magnifier is 0. 44 Firda s Thalika=cm sMagnifier ’the distance s = cm and the magnifier is 0. 4 XX100 is = =-24 cmcm the ,magnifier is 0. of-24 cms is 24 -24 and So the distance 4 X images = cm the Rizqia b.X M = Madina magnifier is Pravitasari Anjani the 0. 4100 cm = =

= = .= s =f = =

= s’ = = M660 = 0 60s f -2 ss - f ss - 4 -2s s 44’ 2s’ = = s’ == = ’= 0 = 66 600 X . 4 0-24 -2s 4 f

cm -24 = - -24 cm = = Because 100 24 = the value is positive, so the 2 cm cm 100 cm = of = the image is 40 cm in front distance -2,400 cm of the mirror

’ s60= b. MM= = = b. 60 60 - f ss f s -24 s’ = =

Known Ask

**Thank You Thank You Thank You Thank You
**

2 cm 10 cm – 8 cm s - Solution f s 80 cm2 =10 cm . 8 cm = . f = 40 cm : s’ =

: s’

= -24 -24 cmcm = = -24 cm = =

ss ’ s= = = s’ s60 ’ 60

**Problem Solving of Problem 1
**

: f = 8 cm s = 10 cm 0. 4 sX . s-24 f . = -24 00. 44 XX fff . s-24 s=s.s = . f=s= f- - = s= .sff = .s -24S= ution = = ol ff = = = s’ s 100 ss sb. M s cm -24 = = =c = = =

s = 60 60 s =’ ss60 =’ =

:

s’

Resourc es

Rumus Lengkap Fisika SMP

WahyuMedia

**Konsep Jitu Fisika SMP kelas 1 , 2 , 3
**

WahyuMedia

**Physics for Junior High School year VIII
**

Yudhistira

About mirror. Concave mirror, conves mirror, and the plane mirror
NB : you better download it to see the animation

About mirror. Concave mirror, conves mirror, and the plane mirror

NB : you better download it to see the animation

NB : you better download it to see the animation

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