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axis of revolution is the dependent variable. The

parametric equation of the variable of the axis of

revolution will be equal to itself.

RECALL:

~

Let R(u,

v) = hx(u, v), y(u, v), z(u, v)i be a vector valued

function where (u, v) D R2 .

The parametric surface S is the set of all points

(x, y, z) R3 such that

y-axis, express the function as either x = f (y)

or z = g(y). The parametric equation of y is

given by y = y.

x = x(u, v)

y = y(u, v)

z = z(u, v)

z-axis, express the function as either x = f (z)

or y = g(z). The parametric equation of z is

given by z = z.

Now, given a function y = f (x) where a x b, suppose S is obtained by rotating the curve y = f (x) about

the x-axis. Let be the angle of rotation.

sin while the other with cos .

(a) Example 1: If revolving about the y-axis,

x = f (y) cos (or f (y) sin )

and

z = f (y) sin (or f (y) cos )

(b) Example 2: x = g(z) sin and y = g(z) cos .

From the graph, note that:

1. length of green line (radius of the circle) = f (x)

Examples

1. Find the parametric equations of the surface of revolution generated by z = ey when revolved about

the z-axis.

(a) x-coordinate: x

(b) y-coordinate: = f (x) cos

= horizontal distance from the xz-plane.

Solution. Since we want to revolve about the zaxis, express the function as y = f (z).

= vertical distance from the xy-plane

z = ey y = ln z

revolution generated by y = f (x) when revolved

about the x-axis is:

x= x

y = f (x) cos

z = f (x) sin

by

x = ln z cos

y = ln z sin

z= z

express the given function as x = g(y). Then the

parametric equation of the surface of revolution S

is given by:

x = g(y) cos

y= y

z = g(y) sin

x=

y=

z=

x

x2 cos

x2 sin

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