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Packet Tracer - Configuring Initial Switch Settings

Name: Parth Patel


Topology

Objectives
Part 1: Verify the Default Switch Configuration
Part 2: Configure a Basic Switch Configuration
Part 3: Configure a MOTD Banner
Part 4: Save Configuration Files to NVRAM
Part 5: Configure S2
Background
In this activity, you will perform basic switch configurations. You will secure
access to the command-line interface (CLI) and console ports using encrypted
and plain text passwords. You will also learn how to configure messages for
users logging into the switch. These banners are also used to warn unauthorized
users that access is prohibited.

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Packet Tracer - Configuring Initial Switch Settings

Part 1:

Verify the Default Switch Configuration

Step 1: Enter privileged mode.


You can access all switch commands from privileged mode. However, because
many of the privileged commands configure operating parameters, privileged
access should be password-protected to prevent unauthorized use.
The privileged EXEC command set includes those commands contained in user
EXEC mode, as well as the configure command through which access to the
remaining command modes are gained.
a. Click S1 and then the CLI tab. Press <Enter>.
b. Enter privileged EXEC mode by entering the enable command:
Switch> enable
Switch#
Notice that the prompt changed in the configuration to reflect privileged EXEC
mode.
Step 2: Examine the current switch configuration.
a. Enter the show running-config command.
Switch# show running-config
b. Answer the following questions:
How many FastEthernet interfaces does the switch have? 24
How many Gigabit Ethernet interfaces does the switch have? 2
What is the range of values shown for the vty lines? 0 -15
Which command will display the current contents of non-volatile randomaccess memory (NVRAM)? show startup-configuration

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Packet Tracer - Configuring Initial Switch Settings

Why does the switch respond with startup-config is not present? It displays
this message because the configuration file was not saved to NVRAM.
Currently it is only located in RAM.
Part 2:

Create a Basic Switch Configuration

Step 1: Assign a name to a switch.


To configure parameters on a switch, you may be required to move between
various configuration modes. Notice how the prompt changes as you navigate
through the switch.
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# hostname S1
S1(config)# exit
S1#
Step 2: Secure access to the console line.
To secure access to the console line, access config-line mode and set the
console password to letmein.
S1# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
S1(config)# line console 0
S1(config-line)# password letmein
S1(config-line)# login
S1(config-line)# exit
S1(config)# exit
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console
S1#
Why is the login command required? In order for the password checking process
to work, it requires both the login and password commands.

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Packet Tracer - Configuring Initial Switch Settings

Step 3: Verify that console access is secured.


Exit privileged mode to verify that the console port password is in effect.
S1# exit
Switch con0 is now available
Press RETURN to get started.

User Access Verification


Password:
S1>
Note: If the switch did not prompt you for a password, then you did not
configure the login parameter in Step 2.
Step 4: Secure privileged mode access.
Set the enable password to c1$c0. This password protects access to privileged
mode.
Note: The 0 in c1$c0 is a zero, not a capital O. This password will not grade as
correct until after you encrypt it in Step 8.
S1> enable
S1# configure terminal
S1(config)# enable password c1$c0
S1(config)# exit
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console
S1#
Step 5: Verify that privileged mode access is secure.
a. Enter the exit command again to log out of the switch.
b. Press <Enter> and you will now be asked for a password:

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Packet Tracer - Configuring Initial Switch Settings

User Access Verification


Password:
c. The first password is the console password you configured for line con 0.
Enter this password to return to user EXEC mode.
d. Enter the command to access privileged mode.
e. Enter the second password you configured to protect privileged EXEC mode.
f. Verify your configurations by examining the contents of the runningconfiguration file:
S1# show running-configuration
Notice how the console and enable passwords are both in plain text. This
could pose a security risk if someone is looking over your shoulder.
Step 6: Configure an encrypted password to secure access to privileged mode.
The enable password should be replaced with the newer encrypted secret
password using the enable secret command. Set the enable secret password to
itsasecret.
S1# config t
S1(config)# enable secret itsasecret
S1(config)# exit
S1#
Note: The enable secret password overrides the enable password. If both are
configured on the switch, you must enter the enable secret password to enter
privileged EXEC mode.
Step 7: Verify that the enable secret password is added to the configuration file.
a. Enter the show running-configuration command again to verify the new
enable secret password is configured.
Note: You can abbreviate show running-configuration as

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Packet Tracer - Configuring Initial Switch Settings

S1# show run


b. What is displayed for the enable secret password?
$1$mERr$ILwq/b7kc.7X/ejA4Aosn0
c. Why is the enable secret password displayed differently from what we
configured? The enable secret is shown in encrypted form, whereas the
enable password is in plain text.
Step 8: Encrypt the enable and console passwords.
As you noticed in Step 7, the enable secret password was encrypted, but the
enable and console passwords were still in plain text. We will now encrypt these
plain text passwords using the service password-encryption command.
S1# config t
S1(config)# service password-encryption
S1(config)# exit
If you configure any more passwords on the switch, will they be displayed in the
configuration file as plain text or in encrypted form? Explain why? The service
password-encryption command encrypts all current and future passwords.
Part 3:

Configure a MOTD Banner

Step 1: Configure a message of the day (MOTD) banner.


The Cisco IOS command set includes a feature that allows you to configure
messages that anyone logging onto the switch sees. These messages are called
message of the day, or MOTD banners. Enclose the banner text in quotations or
use a delimiter different from any character appearing in the MOTD string.
S1# config t
S1(config)# banner motd "This is a secure system. Authorized Access Only!"
S1(config)# exit
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

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Packet Tracer - Configuring Initial Switch Settings

S1#
When will this banner be displayed? The message will be displayed when
someone enters the switch through the console port.
Why should every switch have a MOTD banner? Every switch should have a
banner to warn unauthorized users that access is prohibited but can also be
used for sending messages to network personnel/technicians (such as
impending system shutdowns or who to contact for access).
Part 4:

Save Configuration Files to NVRAM

Step 1: Verify that the configuration is accurate using the show run command.
Step 2: Save the configuration file.
You have completed the basic configuration of the switch. Now back up the
running configuration file to NVRAM to ensure that the changes made are not
lost if the system is rebooted or loses power.
S1# copy running-config startup-config
Destination filename [startup-config]?[Enter]
Building configuration...
[OK]
What is the shortest, abbreviated version of the copy running-config startupconfig command? cop r s
Step 3: Examine the startup configuration file.
Which command will display the contents of NVRAM? show startup-configuration
Are all the changes that were entered recorded in the file? Yes, it is the same as
the running-configuration

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Packet Tracer - Configuring Initial Switch Settings

Part 5:

Configure S2

You have completed the configuration on S1. You will now configure S2. If you
cannot remember the commands, refer to Parts 1 to 4 for assistance.
Configure S2 with the following parameters:
a. Name device: S2
b. Protect access to the console using the letmein password.
c. Configure an enable password of c1$c0 and an enable secret password of
itsasecret.
d. Configure a message to those logging into the switch with the following
message:
Authorized access only. Unauthorized access is prohibited and violators
will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.
e. Encrypt all plain text passwords.
f. Ensure that the configuration is correct.
g. Save the configuration file to avoid loss if the switch is powered down.
Switch>enable
Switch#config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Switch(config)#hostname S2
S2(config)#line console 0
S2(config-line)#password letmein
S2(config-line)#login
S2(config-line)#enable password c1$c0
S2(config)#enable secret itsasecret
S2(config)#banner motd $any text here$

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Packet Tracer - Configuring Initial Switch Settings

S2(config)#service password-encryption
S2(config)#do wr

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