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Learning in Ob

Learning in Ob

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Published by: amrendrakr09 on Apr 13, 2010
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06/21/2013

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LEARNING: CONCEPTS, PRINCIPLES AND NATURE!

PRESENTED BY:
AMRENDRA

KUMAR UPENDRA VERMA

LEARNING
AN INTRODUCTION
Learning is understood as the modification of behaviour through practice, training or experience.  LEARNING IS PROCESS AND NOT A PRODUCT.  LEARNING IS IMPROVEMENT.  LEARNING IS MATURATION.  LEARNING IS ADAPTATION.

DEFINITIONS
 According

to NORMAN MUNN, “Learning can be defined as the process of being modified more or less permanently by what happens in the world around us, by what we do or ehat we observe”.

 According

to FRED LUTHANS “Learning can be defined as relatively permanent change in behaviour that occurs as a result of experience or reinforced practice.”

 According

to BERNARD, BASS & JAMES VAUGHN, “Learning is a relatively permanent change in behaviour which occurs as a result of experience”.

“LEARNING IS A LIFE LONG PROCESS” This simple meaning of learning needs to be supplemented with some important concepts of learning so as to make its import clear.

CONCEPT
 Learning

as used here, refers to concerted activity that increases the capacity and willingness of individuals.  learning empowers individuals and organizations to make wise choices, solve problems and break new ground.

 It

also encompasses the physical, cognitive, emotional and social development of children in the earliest years of their lives.  It has been observed that practically all the behavior of individuals in an organization is either directly or indirectly learnt.

PRICIPLES OF LEARNING
 Principles

of learning are very useful in order to impart maximum knowledge and skills.  Each principle should be interpreted and applied carefully in full consideration of the particular task being learned and the context in which the learning takes place.

LEARNING PRINCIPLES
 All

human beings can learn.  An individual must be motivated to learn.  Learning is active but not passive.  Learners need reinforcement of correct behaviour.  Time must be provided to practice learning.

LEARNING PRINCIPLES
 Learning

is closely related to attention and concentration.  Standards of performance should be set for the learner.  Learners may acquire knowledge more rapidly with guidance. Feedback ensures improvement in speed and accuracy of learning.

LEARNING PRINCIPLES
 Accuracy

deserves generally more emphasis than speed.  Learning is a cumulative process.  Learning is an adjustment on the part of an individual.  Learning should be relatively based and.  Learning should be a goal oriented.

NATURE
LEARNING INVOLVES CHANGE  NOT ALL CHANGES REFLECT LEARNING  LEARNING IS REFLECTED IN BEHAVIOUR  THE CHANGE IN BEHAVIOUR SHOULD OCCURS AS A RESULT OF EXPERIENCE, PRACTICE OR TRAINING  THE PRACTICE OR EXPERIENCE MUST BE REINFORCED IN ORDER FOR LEARNING TO OCCUR.

CONCLUSION
“LEARNING IS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF ORGANISATION BEHAVIOUR ITS IMPACT ON INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOUR.”

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