Objectives 1. To distinguish between Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorem. 2.

To simplify a complex circuit into a Thevenin or Norton equivalent circuits. List of Instruments Personal Computer Tina (Software) Ammeter Voltmeter Ohmmeter Wiring Diagrams • Main Circuit:
AM1 -12.03mA R1 380 +

A
+ R3 4 70

VS1 10

R2 6 80

+

V

VM1 -5. 65V

VS2 15

+

For RTH and RN:
R1380

R2 6 80

VS10

+

+

ZM1 243.77ohms

VS20

+

For Thevenin’s equivalent circuit:
A M1 -12.02mA R1243.77 +

A
R3 4 70
R3 47 0

VS1-8.58

+

+

V

V M1 -5.65V

For Norton’s equivalent circuit:
AM1 -12. 03mA + IS1 -3 5.2 2m R2 24 3.7 7

A
+

V

VM1 -5.65V

Data Sheet Thevenin Norton VTH -8.58 V IN -35.22 mA RTH 243.77 Ω RN 243.77 Ω I1 -12.02 mA I1 -12.03 mA V1 -5.65 V V1 -5.65 V

Problems and Solution

Analysis Since the given circuit has an active linear network with a pair of output terminals, Thevenin’s and Norton’s applies in order to simplify the circuit. First the current and the voltage of the circuit is determined in order to compare with the Thevenin’s and Norton’s equivalent circuit. To get the resistance, voltage source must be set to zero and disregard the resistance load. The resistance obtained here is equivalent to TEC and NEC since both uses the same original circuit including the initial current and volage. To get the voltage source of thevenin’s (resistance in series) or the current source (resistance in parallel) of norton’s enter the total resistance to the modified circuit. Or if a parameter is known, Ohm’s law can be applied. Conclusion Certain circuits can be simplified by using Thevenin’s or Norton’s Theorem. A linear network can be transformed into a voltage source or into a current source. Equivalent Resistance is essential for the calculation of TEC and NEC. Ohm’s law is useful in this theorem.

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