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Name:________________________________**Passthisinwithfinalproject**Oneperpersoninthegroup.

Objectives: Explainandapplytheideasofrelativemotionandframeofreference.(MLRD4b)

Distinguishbetween,giveexamplesof,andapplyspeed,velocity,momentum,and
acceleration.(MLRD4a)

Assignment:
Createanexperimentormodelthatwillapplytheconceptsofrelativemotion,frameof
reference,velocity,andeithermomentumORacceleration.

Grading:
Asummativegradewillbeassignedbasedonyourmasteryoftheobjectives(MLR:D4ab).
Aformativegradewillbegivenfortheexperimentaldesignandwriteup(MLR:A1,2B1,2).

Expectations:
Allthreetypesofvariablesshouldbeidentifiedincludingonlyoneindependent
variable.Thevelocityoftheobjectusedshouldbecalculated.Ifthereisachangeinvelocity,this
shouldalsobecalculated.Therelativemotion(velocity)shouldbeidentifiedinreferencetotwo
differentframesofreferenceoneofwhichshouldbetheearth(ground).Theneitherthemomentum
oraccelerationshouldbecalculated.Ifmomentumischosenthenthetypeofcollisionshouldbe
identifiedandsupportedwithevidencefromtheexperiment.

Examples:
Usingtheconstantmotioncars,createacontraptiontolookattherelativemotionofwateror
someotherobject.Thendoitagainwithacceleratingcars,orwhathappenswhenthe
constantmotioncarscrashintoawall.
Applytheseconceptstoasportlikesoccerorbasketball.Youcoulduseequipmentfromthe
gymwithpermission.
Ifyoulikedestruction,trytoapplytheseconceptstosomesortofcrashordemolition.

SummativeGradingRubric(Basedonobjectivesforunit)

Indicator

Exceptional
(10090)

MeetsStandard
(8976)

Approaching
Standard

Beginning
Standard

Frameof
Reference(D4b)

Canapplythe
conceptof
frameof
reference
toreal
lifesituationsand
distinguishhow
differentframesof
referenceinfluence
themovementof
anobject

Canidentifyand
definedifferent
frameofreferences
andgiveexamples
ofhowitappliesto
areallifesituation

Canidentifyand
definedifferent
framesofmotion
andprovidea
simpleexample

Canidentifyor
definedifferent
framesofmotion
withprompts

RelativeMotion
(D4b)

Cancalculate
and
evaluatedifferent
relativemotionsof
anobjectbasedon
variousframesof
reference

Canevaluatea
changeinrelative
motionbasedona
changeinframeof
reference

Candefineand
giveasimple
exampleofrelative
motion

Cangiveasimple
exampleofrelative
motion

Velocityand
Speed(D4a)

Canapplyspeed
andvelocitytoreal
lifesituationsin
whichthe
differenceis
distinguished,
and
canevaluatethe
relationshipofthe
individual
componentsthat
makeupspeedand
velocity

Canreferencethe
differencebetween
speedandvelocity
andidentifythe
individual
componentsthat
makeupspeedand
velocity

Canidentifythe
differencebetween
speedandvelocity
andprovidea
simpleexampleof
each

Canprovidea
simpleexampleof
speedorvelocity

Acceleration
(D4b)

Candesignan
effective
experimentin
whichtheeffectof
accelerationhason
relativemotionis
explored

Canexplainthe
effectsofchanging
orconstant
accelerationhason
therelativemotion
ofmovingobjects

Canidentifythe
componentsof
accelerationand
canidentifywhen
anobjectisata
constantor
changing
acceleration

Candefine
acceleration

Momentum(D4b)

Candesignan
effective
experimentin
whichtheeffectof
changing
momentumor
collisionshason
relativemotionof
objectsisexplored

Canexplainthe
effectschanging
momentumhason
therelativemotion
ofobjects

Canidentifyand
explainthe
componentsof
momentum

Candefine
momentum

ExperimentalDesignFormativeGradingRubric
Thefollowingarecomponentsofaformallabreportandproperdesignofanexperiment.Whiledesigningyour
experimenttrytoincludeandidentifyallofthefollowingcriteria.Thewriteupshouldbehighlyorganized
basedontheorderofthelistedheadings.Allinformationshouldbestatedincompletesentencesandin
paragraphformwhenappropriate.Asinallscientificwriting,personalpronounsshouldnotbeused.

1. Statementofproblem(4Points)
_____Notayes/noquestionandincludesindependentanddependentvariables
_____Problemisclearlytestableandiswritteninaclearandconcisemanner

2. Hypothesis(8points)
_____StatementpredictsarelationshiportrendandisinIf/Then/becauseformat
_____Statementgivesspecificdirectiontothepredictions(s):Astandistaken.
_____Predictionincludesbothindependentanddependentvariables
_____Arationaleisgivenforthehypothesis.

3. Variables
ControlledVariables
(CV)(8points):
IndependentVariable
(IV)(6Points)
_____OneCVcorrectlyidentified
_____IVcorrectlyidentified
_____TwoCVscorrectlyidentified
_____IVoperationallydefined

DependentVariable
(DV)(6points)
_____(3pts)DVcorrectlyidentified
_____(3pts)DVoperationallydefined

4. ExperimentalControl

(StandardofComparisonSOC)(4points)

_____SOCcorrectlyidentifiedandmakeslogicalsensefortheexperiment

_____ReasongivenforselectionofSOC

5. Materials(6points)
_____Allmaterialsusedarelisted
_____Allmaterialsusedarelistedproperly(noextras)_____Materialslistedseparatelyfromprocedure

6. Procedure
:
IncludingDiagrams(12points)
_____(2pts)Procedurewellorganized
_____(2pts)Procedureisinalogicalsequence
_____(2pts)Diagramsused

_____(2pts)Repeatedtrials
_____(4pts)Enoughinformationisgivensoanothercouldrepeatprocedure

7. QualitativeObservations

(8points)
_____Observationsaboutresultsgiven
_____Observationsaboutprocedure/deviations
_____ObservationsaboutresultsnotdirectlyrelatingtoDependentVariable
_____Observationsgiventhroughoutthecourseofthe

8. QuantitativeDataDataTable(12points)
_____Allrawdataisgiven
_____Alldatahasunits
_____Condensedtablewithmostimportantdataincluded
_____Table(s)labeledproperly
_____Examplecalculationsaregiven
_____Alldatareportedusingcorrectfigures(significantfiguresCDivisiononly)

9. Graphs(12points)
_____Appropriatetypeofgraphused
_____Graphhastitle
_____Graphlabeledproperly(axes/series)
_____Unitsincluded
_____Appropriatescaleused
_____Drawninlinebestoffit

10. Analysisandinterpretationofdata(8points)
_____Alldatadiscussedandinterpreted
_____Unusualdatapointscommentedon
_____Trendsindataexplainedandinterpreted
_____Enoughdetailisgiventounderstanddataandallstatementsmustbesupportedbythedata.

11. Conclusion(8points)
_____Hypothesisisevaluatedaccordingtodata
_____Hypothesisisrestated
_____Reasonstoaccept/rejecthypothesisgiven
_____Allstatementsaresupportedbythedata

12. PossibleExperimentalErrors(6points)
_____Possiblereasonsforerrorsaregiven
_____Importantinfoaboutdatacollectiongiven
_____Effecterrorshadondatadiscussed

13. ApplicationsandRecommendationsforFurtherUse(8points)

_____Suggestionsforimprovementofspecificexperimentaregiven
_____Suggestionforotherwaystolookathypothesisgiven
_____Suggestionsforfutureexperimentsgiven
_____Practicalapplication(s)ofexperimentgivenexperiment