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How well do you

know the scientific

Method?
Scientific Method Quiz 1
todays date.
Turn in when you finish.

1.
Tina predicts that sleeping flat on her back increases

the likelihood of experiencing heartburn. She sleeps

flat on her back for a week and records how many
nights she experienced heartburn. She spends
another week sleeping with two pillows under her
head, another in a semi-upright position and another
sleeping in an upright position. Each week she
records how many nights she experienced heartburn.
What is the independent variable?

2.
Felipe checks out some books from his library on

sleep and finds out that many factors, from health to

genetics to exercise to eating habits to hormone
levels, can affect sleep patterns.
What step of the scientific method does this

describe?

3.
Felipe predicts that the later he eats his last meal,

the less sleep he gets.

What step of the scientific method does this
describe?

4.
Felipe realizes that his hypothesis appears to be

incorrect. The data actually shows that the later he

eats his last meal, the more sleep he gets.
What step of the scientific method does this
describe?

5.
Are the hours Felipe spent sleeping quantitative or

qualitative data?

Match the Letter to the correct

Number Describing them.
A.
B.
C.
D.

investigation
observation/question
quantitative
Reporting

6. Tina sleeps flat on her back for a week and records how many nights she experienced heartburn.

She spends another week sleeping with two pillows under her head, another in a semi-upright
position and another sleeping in an upright position. Each week she records how many nights
she experienced heartburn. What step of the scientific method does this describe?

7. Is the time Felipe ate his last meal quantitative or qualitative data?
8. Felipe tells his wife that he sleeps better when they eat dinner later. What step of the scientific

method does this describe?

9. Tina has frequent heartburn which often occurs at night. She realizes that 2 or 3 nights a week
she is waking up due to the pain from this condition. She wonders what factor(s) cause her
heartburn. What step of the scientific method does this describe?

Multiple Choice
10.
Tina creates a scatterplot that compares the

angle at which she slept with the number of

nights she experienced heartburn. She examines
the graph looking for a trend in the data. What
step of the scientific method does this describe?
analysis
conclusion
hypothesis
qualitative

Multiple Choice
11.

meal, the less sleep he gets. Felipe records the

time he ate his last meal each night, and the
hours of sleep his fitness tracker reports that he
got each night.
What is the independent variable?
the hours of sleep
quantitative
the time he ate his last meal
the position in which she slept

Multiple Choice
12.
Felipe computes that when he ate his last meal before 6 pm,

he got an average of 5.0 hours of sleep; when he ate his last

meal from 6:01 to 7:00 pm, he got an average of 5.1 hours
of sleep; when he ate his last meal between 7:01 and 8:00
pm, he got an average of 5.3 hours of sleep; and when he
ate his last meal after 8:00 pm, he slept an average of 5.4
hours of sleep. What step of the scientific method does this
describe?
qualitative
conclusion
analysis
hypothesis

Multiple Choice
13.

heartburn on WebMD.
What step of the scientific method does this
describe?
refute
research
reporting
support

Multiple Choice
14.
Felipe has been feeling tired a lot lately. He has

trouble falling asleep and the fitness tracker he wears

on his wrist has told him that he sleeps fitfully and
wakes up frequently during the night. Felipe wonders
what factors are disturbing his sleep.
What step of the scientific method does this describe?
hypothesis
observation/question
conclusion
investigation

True/False
15.
support Tine decided to accept her original

hypothesis. Did the data probably support or

refute her hypothesis?
True
False

True/False
16.
conclusion Tina creates a scatterplot that

compares the angle at which she slept with the

number of nights she experienced heartburn. She
examines the graph looking for a trend in the
data. What step of the scientific method does this
describe?
True
False

True/False
17.
refute Felipe tells his wife that he sleeps better

when they eat dinner later. What step of the

scientific method does this describe?
True
False

True/False
18.
hypothesis Tina predicts that sleeping flat on

her back increases the likelihood of her

experiencing heartburn. What step of the scientific
method does this describe?
True
False

True/False
19.
investigation Felipe records the time he ate his

last meal each night, and the hours of sleep his

fitness tracker reports that he got each night.
What step of the scientific method does this
describe?
True
False