You are on page 1of 22

Do Now

1. What are the two main cell types?
2. What are 3 differences between a prokaryotic cell
and a eukaryotic cell?
3. What organism is prokaryotic?
4. What 4 structures or organelles do all cells have in
common?
5. DNA is found free-floating in which type of cell?
6. True or False. The nucleus in a prokaryotic cell
contains one circular chromosome.

Cell Structure
MODULES 3 & 5 (Day 4 of 6) Plant vs Animal
cells
https://youtu.be/-zafJKbMPA8 (3 mins)

SWBAT
●visually identify organelles
found in plant and animal cells
●explain that animal and plant
cells are eukaryotic
●compare/contrast organelles
found in plants and animals

Cell Theory
1. All organisms are made of cells.
2. Cells are the structural and
functional units of organisms.
3. All cells come from pre-existing cells.

Graphic Organizer
1.Circle and label ALL
organelles for both plant
and animal cells on your
organizer.
2.Write whether the
organelles are found in
either plant, animal, or

1 of
11

Prokaryotic Cells
DNA

Cell Membrane

Ribosomes

Cytoplasm
Plasmid

2 of
11

Eukaryotic Cells –
have a nucleus with chromosomes made of DNA
to REGULATE cell activities

Nucleus

Both animal AND plant cells have a cell membrane /
plasma membrane to regulate TRANSPORT of
materials
Cell
Membrane

The cytoplasm is the “filling” of the cell” (mostly
water)

3 of
11

Ribosomes are the sites of protein
SYNTHESIS
Ribosomes

4 of
11

5 of
11

Mitochondria: Makes energy in the form
of ATPcurrency of the cell (activation energy needs
ATP)

Mitochondri
a

Vacuoles: stores water and waste

Vacuoles

6 of
11

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER): modifies
proteins made by the ribosomes

Endoplasmic
Reticulum

6 of
11

Golgi Complex: packaging center of the
cell (UPS)

Golgi
complex

7 of
11

Lysosomes: contains digestive enzymes
which are used to break down waste taken
from the vacuole

Lysosome
s
(not
shown)

8 of
11

Centriole: a small set of microtubules
that aid in an animal’s cell division

centriole

9 of
11

10 of
11

Cell wall: provides a rigid structure for a
plant cell; made of cellulose

Cell
wall

11 of
11

Chloroplast: the site where
photosynthesis occurs; contains pigment
protein chlorophyll

Chloroplas
t

Group Activity

(20 mins)

1.I will group you with 1 partner.
2.You will draw a bacteria, animal, or plant cell.
3.One person is responsible for drawing all of the
organelles inside your cell (on one sheet of paper)
4.The other person is responsible for writing all
organelles and their functions (on the other sheet
of paper).
5.Check to make sure your team has the same (and
correct) organelles.
6.Make it colorful so I can hang it in the hall!

Group Activity Part 2

(5 mins)

If you have a prokaryotic cell, switch
with a group that has a animal cell.
If you have a animal cell, switch with a
group that has a plant cell.
If you have a plant cell, switch with a
group that has a prokaryotic cell.

Independent Practice.
the chart.Ba
cte
rial
Cel
l

Cell
Membr
ane
Riboso
me
Cytopl
asm
Mitoch
ondria
Nucleu
s

A
n
i
m
a
l
C
e
ll

P
l
a
n
t
C
e
ll

A
ll
C
e
ll
s

In your travel journal, complete

SWBAT
●visually identify organelles
found in plant and animal cells
●explain that animal and plant
cells are eukaryotic
●compare/contrast organelles
found in plants and animals

Exit Ticket
1.In which cell type is circular DNA found in?
2.Which two organelles do only plant cells
have?
3.What 4 organelles or structures do all cells
have?
4.If centrioles are present, is it an animal or
plant cell?
5.In which cell type could you find cytoplasm?