You are on page 1of 9

8.

13B identify the economic factors that brought
about rapid industrialization & urbanization

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Essential Q: How does geography
influence the way people live &

*Main economy was
based on industry,
or M_______________
& Commerce, or
trade.
*Factories produced
T ___________or
cotton fabrics, or
steel & iron.
*More farms but
they were smaller &
produced W ________
& C ______.
*After the Embargo
Act of 1807 stopped
M_________________,
the South was
forced to send their
*Had some I
__________
but mostly shipped
raw materials to the
N _____.
*Large farms--many
over 1,000 acres (or
Where do most people live? ________________________
football fields!)—P
Why do they live here? ____________________________
___________
What jobs are available for them? ___________________
with
How are the geography & economics of the region
tiedslaves, they
together? _______________________________________grew cash crops
_______________________________________________ such as:
__________________increased pride & devotion in one’s
country
T ______________
R______________

Summarize by answering the Essential Question:

My Questions /
Notes:

8.12C explain reasons for increase of factories & urbanization
Show the relationship between the terms & phrases below by creating a graphic organizer or
writing an explanation: immigration, agricultural revolution, inventions improved farming,
population, urban centers, factories, industrial revolution, raw resources, manufactured goods,
Warm-Up: While the cotton gin reduced the labor of removing seeds from cotton plants, it
did not reduce the need for slaves. In fact, the opposite occurred and slavery expanded.
Demand in both the North and South increased for ready-made clothing as the population
grew.
The rise of "KING COTTON" as the defining feature of southern life revitalized slavery. The
promise of cotton profits encouraged a spectacular rise in the direct importation of African
slaves in the years before the TRANS-ATLANTIC TRADE was made illegal in 1808. Even
though international purchase of slaves was illegal, after the invention of the cotton gin,
the plantation system spread throughout the South like never before. From 1607—1787,
250,000 slaves were brought to the colonies. From 1787—1808, 250,000 slaves were
brought to the USA.
The low cost of slaves and high price of land prevented the growth of businesses in the
South. The invention of the steamboat, cotton gin, and interchangeable parts brought down
the price of most goods. Things were cheaper and could be made quicker in factories.
1. What was the unintended result of the invention of the cotton gin?
______________________________
2. Compare the number of slaves in the colonies to the number of slaves during the
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.
_______________________________________________________________________________
inventions, westward expansion
Warm-Up: In 1803, Ohio became a state! They demanded a road connecting them to the
Eastern markets. Congress voted to build the road and in 1811, construction began. Work on
the road paused during the war. The first half of the road opened in 1818 and connected
Maryland to West Virginia.
Traveling by wagon and horse on roads was rough and bumpy. In the summers, there
were clouds of dust and in the fall the roads were often impossible to travel in due to mud.
They definitely could not carry large wagon loads of goods.
Traveling on the rivers was quicker, more comfortable, and cheaper. It cost less to move
goods and people along rivers. It was also easier to carry large loads on boats and barges
than in wagons. But most rivers flowed from north to south, so it was very slow to travel
upstream against the current. Many people wanted to move west, which wasn’t possible with
river transportation. Cities developed along major rivers though, thanks to Robert Fulton’s
steamboat.
1. What are 2 reasons the people in the West wanted to improve transportation?
2. What do you think will develop in the early 1800s in response to the need for travel
from east to west and vice versa?
3. Compare travel by land and travel by river.
Good
Travel
by River
Travel
by Land

Bad

8.12A identify economic differences of regions
Region

8.12D analyze cause & effect of economic differences in regions

What geographic features caused the human development to the
right?

North

Effects of Geo features
Building factories & workshops instead of
farming. Government placed protective
tariffs on imported goods to help develop
economy & increase $ for our business
owners.
Agriculture based economy with unpaid
slave labor. They traded more with
England due to MERCANTILISM & paid
more in protective tariffs imposed by the
government.
Agriculture based economy with
immigrants moving west for more
economic opportunities. They supported
the protective tariffs imposed on
imported goods because those taxes
paid for building new transportations.

South

West

What was the purpose of protective tariffs on imported goods?

What group of people did NOT want protective tariffs? Why not?

8.28A compare effects of scientific discoveries & tech on daily life
Invention
Cotton Gin
Railroad
Canals

Good Impact on Daily Life

Bad Impact on Daily Life

Compares to my Life in what
ways?

Interchange
able Parts

8.27A explain effects of innovations such as the cotton gin, & interchangeable parts (8.27D) on the factory system, rapid
industrialization, & econ growth
Cause—Who, What, When, Where, Why

Manufacturing before the War of 1812
USA—raw materials sent to Europe in
exchange for manufactured goods by small
businesses=M
Innovation
Inventor

Effect on the lives of people

Year & My
Opinion

Manufacturing after the War of 1812

Purpose

Interchangea
ble Parts

To decrease the production time
of a product
1793

Samuel F.B. Morse

McCormick
reaper

Effect on economy

Reduced time and manpower
needed to clean cotton
A machine sent long & short
pulses of electricity along a wire

Threshing machine separated
kernels of wheat from husks

Effect

The Good:

The Bad:

Increased demand for—

Slavery—

Triggered--

Native Am--

8.27A explain
the effect of
technological
innovations
such as the
Steamboat,
Cotton Gin, and
Interchangeabl

Essential Q: How did Geography lead to
transportation innovations?
Title:
Who:
When:
What:
Why:
Effect:

Title:
Who:
When:
What:
Why:
Effect:
Cause

Effect
Reduced the
cost of
shipping
goods
between the
East and the
West, allowing
for Westward
Expansion!

Title:
Who:
When:
What:
1. Who did these technologies impact the

most? What region?
2. What are the similarities between the railroad and the canals?

Why:
Effect: