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Sample Problem #6

# Sample Problem #6

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08/19/2013

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# Sample Problem #6

:

A mixture of ammonia and air is scrubbed in a plate column with fresh water. If the ammonia concentration is reduced from 5% to 0.01% and the water and air rates are respectively 0.65 to 0.45 kg/m2s, how many theoretical plates are required? The equilibrium relationship can be written Y=X, where X is the mole ratio in the liquid phase.

GIVEN:
Fresh water 0.65 kg/m2s
N=?

Y1 0.65 kg/m2s 0.01% ammonia

1

XN

YN+1 0.45 kg/m2s 5% ammonia

SOLUTION: Top Coordinates: Xo = 0 Y1 = ammonia / air = 0.0001/ 0.999 = 1.001 x 10-4 Bottom Coordinates: YN+1 = YN+1 / 1-YN+1 = 0.05/1-0.05 = 0.053 NH3 in H2O = amt. in YN+1 ± amt. \in Y1 =0.45 (0.05) ± {0.95 (0.45) / 0.999} x0.0001 = 0.022 kg/m2s XN = 0.022 / 0.65 = 0.035

Y
YN+1 = 0.053

Pinch pt.

Operating line

1
Equilibrium line Y=X

2 3
Y1 = 1.001 x 10-4

4 X
XN = 0.035

Ntheo= 4.3 stages

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