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Annotated bibliography

Primary Sources
An Advertisement for an Elizabethan Theatre. 1572. London England. 16th Century
Renaissance English Literature. W. W. Norton & Company. Web. 5 Jan. 2016.
<http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/>.
I used this image to provide a visual to the reader of how advertisements were created in
the Elizabethan era. this will be displayed on my impact of theatre page.
Bellinger, Martha Fletcher. A Short History of the Drama.., 1594.Attitudes Towards Plays
and Players. Web. 25 Nov. 2015.
<http://www2.cedarcrest.edu/academic/eng/lfletcher/henry4/papers/acloud.htm>.
This Quote from the book A Short History of the Drama backs up that even the people of
the 1500s knew their world was changing. I will use this source to help me
convey my thesis statement saying that the exchange of theatre helped the world
grow and change. Martha Fletcher Bellinger tells the viewer that theatre has
become its own entity which has helped shaped the world as it is today.
Billingsley, Henry. "Letter from Mayor of London 1597." Letter. 1597. MS. England,
London.
This letter from the mayor of London shows some of the troubles theaters faced in the
late 1500's. I will us this to convey the problems of that time and to show despite
some criticisms the theatre has lasted all these years. I got from this information
that people can obnoxious and rude while attending productions so the mayor had
to take matters into his own hands
Dryden, John. Aureng-zebe.1675. Web. 25 Nov. 2015.
This is a poem from the book Aureng-zebe. This is one of the earliest reviews of
Shakespeare, this shows how even in the Elizabethan time period Shakespeare
was greatly appreciated. I got from this poem how Shakespeare's work influenced
many young aspiring play writes. I will use this primary source to explain how
Shakespeare's work made the inspiration for Elizabethans to document and write,
like John Dryden.
Inn Yard Play. N.d. Rose Elizabethan Theatre. Elizabethan Era, May-June 2012. Web. 5
Jan. 2016. <http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/rose-elizabethan- theatre.htm>.
I decided to us e this image to display what watching a performance is like. I
have
used this for the reader to see the stages I am describing on my
page while
they are reading. This picture shows how the actors convey their knowledge.
play shows the way people spoke, the way scenes were constructed. This also
gives an overview of the way the playwrights wrote. They used a rhythmic pattern
called iambic pentameter. This also gives insight to the many other famous
playwrights that existed and the lessons they taught, other than Shakespeare.

Scott, David. Queen Elizabeth Viewing the Performance of The Merry Wives of
Windsor at the Globe Theatre. 1840. Museum No S.511-1985, London
England. Elizabethan Theatre. 2015. Web. 25 Nov. 2015.
http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/e/elizabethan-theatre/
II chose this piece of Artwork to show the frantic way of the Elizabethan plays. This
painting lets the viewer see the costumes, the sets, and the technicalities of the
production. This source gave me insight to how the changes and progress we
have made in theatre. Showing that the morals the English people of the
Elizabethan really were an impact on us.
Witt, Johannes De. Sketch of the Swan Theatre. 1592. University of Utrecht,
Utrecht, Netherlands. Sketch of the Swan Theatre. University of Utrecht
Library, July-Aug. 2010. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.
<http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/swansketch.htm>.
This is a sketch that is an artist’s look a regional theatre of the time it was sketched in
1592 during a performance. This illustration gives insight to how theatres were
constructed and the setup of performances. Nowadays from this sketch the reader
can see the beginnings of professional theatres we have today all around the
world. I am going to utilize this drawing by displaying it to explain of the growth
of these primitive playhouses

Shakespeare, William. Fair Youth.., 1609. The Soul of Shakespeare’s 94th Sonnet. Web.
26 Nov. 2015. <https://philosophymajor.wordpress.com/2012/11/30/the-soul-ofshakespeares- 94th-sonnet/>.
This is a quote is from Shakespeare’s 94th Sonnet. This is a quote that Shakespeare
wrote to educate the masses of Europe to be kind because that is what is right. He
was trying to get across the importance of the inner person instead of only looking
nice. I am going to utilize this by explaining why the people of today can use this
knowledge in their everyday life.
Shakespeare, William. Othello. 1622 1592. No Fear Shakespeare- Othello. Web. 27 Nov.
2015. <http://nfs.sparknotes.com/othello/page_142.html>.
This quote from the script of Othello brings out awareness to the people of England about
Jealousy. This quote also makes it known how these acts educated Europeans
through warning them of mistakes they could make in their life and how to avoid
them. This statement will give the reader proof that the Elizabethan theatre was
not all about entertaining the people of England but to teach human
characteristics.
Shakespeare, William. Richard II.., 1597. Richard II: Entire Play. Web. 26
Nov.
2015. <http://shakespeare.mit.edu/richardii/full.html>.
This is a quote from one of Shakespeare's most famous plays Richard II. This is quote is
telling the reader of beauty in the world and how this character experiences it. I

will use this quote to explain how Shakespeare tried to teach morals in his plays.
He tried to benefit the audience intellectually and he tried to entertain them at the
same time.
Shakespeare, William. Richard III.., 1592. Shakespeare: Select Plays. The Tragedy of
King Richard the Third. Web. 26 Nov. 2015. <https://books.google.com/books?
id=iQcJAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA194&lpg=PA194
&dq=A+smile+cures+the+wounding+of+a+frown+is+from+what+play&source=
bl&ots=6whtmNsTHv&sig=kDfDMXGaTlpOV7jujdfK9kuYrUQ&hl=en&sa=X
&ved=0ahUKEwjIsNvI5cDJAhVBcz4KHW6CU8Q6AEISDAJ#v=onepage&q=A%20smile%20cures%20the%20wounding%
20of%20a%20frown%20is%20from%20what%20play&f=false>.
This is a quote from the play Richard III, it helps to show that Shakespeare brought out a
message to his work. This quote brings awareness to acting in a positive manor. I
will use this quote to back up the thesis of Elizabethan theatre educating the
masses. Shakespeare taught many great morals to the Europeans in a time of
chaos.
Visscher, Claes Van. Engraving from Map Picture. 1616. London, England.Picture of the
Old Globe Theatre. Site Seen, 2015. Web. 5 Jan. 2016. <http://www.williamshakespeare.info/william-shakespeare-old-globe-theatre-picture.htm>.
I am using this sketch to show the viewer an idea of what an Elizabethan theatre looked
like. This will not only leave an idea of what it looked like it was the building of
how it was in its prime. This image will be displayed on my stages, sets, costumes
and more page.
'William Shakespeare Saw What a Society That Could Print Books, Sail to the Americas
Was Doing to the Human Character.' N.d. London England. What Shakespeare
Taught Me about Marxism. The Gaurdian, 2 Nov. 2014. Web. 5 Jan. 2015. <
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/nov/02/sharkespeare-marxismfeudalism-capitalism>.
I used this picture to show what William Shakespeare looks like. This image will be
displayed on my page about this man. I used this painting because i feel it is an
accurate representation of what it was like thinking about what your writing and
how to convey your morals.
Secondary Sources:
Akhin, Linda. "Elizabethan Theatre Culture" Elizabethan Theatre History. Site Seen,
2015. Web. 03 Dec. 2015. <http://www.bardstage.org/elizabethan-theatrehistory.htm>.
This website explains the cultural background to the Elizabethan theatre. This shows
what the actors and the audiences go through. I will utilize this information by
giving the reader insight to not just the facts but the actual experiences that the
people went through.

"Elizabethan-theatre - Props, Sets, and Costumes." Props, Sets, and Costumes. Tangient
LLC, 2016. Web. 5 Jan. 2016. <http://schoolworkhelper.net/elizabethan-actorscostumes-companies-music-dance/*>.
I Decided to use this source to explain the props, sets, and costumes used in Elizabethan
theatre. I am using this article on my fifth page titled Sets, stages, costumes, and
more.
"First Listen: "Welcome to the Renaissance" from Something Rotten! (Original
Broadway Cast Recording)." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 5 Jan. 2016.
<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1em3cNBkH8s>.
I chose this video to show an entertaining look at the life of Elizabethans. I felt it would
be fun to listen to while reading the website. This explains what the Elizabethans
appreciated in their time period from the show Something Rotten
"Globe Theatre Props." Globe Theatre Props. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Jan. 2016.
<http://www.bardstage.org/globe-theatre-props.htm>.
I am using this website in my project to further my knowledge on Elizabethan props.
This gives examples and explains how they are used. I feel this would fit on my
page explaining theatrical props.
Kotula, Nadia, Henry Skoczalek, and Nancy Skoczalek. "Shakespeare on
Education." Shakespeare on Education. New Foundations, 2011. Web. 27 Nov.
2015. <http://www.newfoundations.com/GALLERY/Shakespeare.html>.
This website provided me with the information on how Shakespeare gained his
knowledge on teching his morals through is plays. He was very educated and
spoke of rhetoric philosophy and oratory. I will use this information to show how
entertainment isn’t all what theatre brought to the Elizabethans.
Pressely, J. M. "Shakespeare's Globe Theatre." Shakespeare Resource Center -.
Shakespeare Resource Center, 2015. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.
<http://www.bardweb.net/globe.html>.
This article explains the structures of theatres such as the globe theatre. This web page
gives you insight to how the theatres were made and how they evolved throughout
the Elizabethan era. I will use this to add onto my background information of the
theatres themselves.
"Shakespeare's Theater." Folger Shakespeare Library., 15 Dec. 2014. Web. 03 Dec.
2015. <http://www.folger.edu/shakespeares-theater>.
This website explains the structure and history of one of the first playhouses the Globe
also known as Shakespeare’s Globe. This information can be used to explain the
technical side of theatre; the sets, the stages, and the playhouses themselves.
Spielvogel, Jackson J. "Shakespeare for Elizabethan England." Shakespeare for
Elizabethan England. West Publishing Company, 1997. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.
<http://www.musesrealm.net/writings/shakespeareengland.html>.

This article shows how the Elizabethan period was a resurgence of art in Europe. I will
use this information to support my thesis in the ways they described of getting
knowledge through the arts.
"The Life of William Shakespeare (1564–1616)." The Life of William Shakespeare
(1564–1616). National Endowment for the Arts, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.
<http://www.shakespeareinamericancommunities.org/education/life-williamshakespeare>.
This article is about the life of William Shakespeare. This biography explains from him
starting out as a playwright with nothing to be one of the most successful writers
in the history. This shows his background and how he conveys his lessons, I will
use these aspects to give detail on my thesis statement.
Thomas, Melissa. "Theatre Culture Of Early Modern England." Theatre Culture Of Early
Modern England, 2009. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.
<http://www2.cedarcrest.edu/academic/eng/lfletcher/henry4/papers/mthomas.htm
>.
This website provides me with information on why theatre was enjoyed in the
Elizabethan time period. This source was used to back up my thesis statement
because it talks of how theatre was made to not only entertain but better the
viewer’s own characteristics. I learned from this article the about a day out at the
theatre and the preparation.
"Why Was Theatre so Important to the Elizabethans? - Homework Help ENotes.com." Enotes.com. Enotes.com, 2015. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.
<http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/why-was-theatre-importantelizabethans-282849>.
This website shows again how this era was a resurgence of the arts and how many
Europeans learned and exchanged new ideas and information.. This article
supports my thesis and I will use these aspects to back up this point.