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Ioana Stanciu

Multiple choice test for


secondary school
chemistry

2010
Contents
Class VII
I. General terms about the atom and periodic
system
I. 1. Atom structure....................................... ……… 3
I. 2. Periodic sistem .............................................. 8
II. Ions and molecules
II.1. Ions .................................................................. 12
II. 2. Molecules......................................................... 16
II.3. Chemical formulas .......................................... 18
II. 4. Molecular weight. Mol ................................. . 20
III. Chemical reactions
III.1. Chemical equations......................................... 22
III.2. Types of chemical reactions............................24
Class VIII
IV. Simple substances
IV. 1. Non-metals................................................... 27
IV. 2. Metals......................................................... 30
V. Inorganic compound substances
V.1. Oxides.................................................... ..... 31
V.2. Acids........................................................ .... 33
V.3. Base............................................................ 35
V.4. Salt......................................................... 37
VI. Organic compound substances
VI.1. Methane................................................. 40
VI.2. Alcohol ethyl.............................................. 41
VI.3. Acetic acid…............................................... 43
Answers............................................................. 46
Ioana Stanciu

Multiple choice test for


secondary school chemistry
Reader: dr.ing. Alexandru Platon
Cover: Ioana Stanciu
Typing: Ioana Stanciu
I. General terms about the atom and periodic
system

I. 1. Atom structure.

1. The main features of the atom are:


a) is a component of substances, divisible by chemical,
electrically neutral, effectively participate in chemical
reactions and changes in physical and chemical
processing;
b) is a component of substances, indivisible by chemical,
electrically neutral, not actually participating in chemical
reactions and no changes in physical and chemical
processing;
c) is a component of substances, divisible by physical,
electrically neutral, effectively participate in chemical
reactions and physical changes and chemical changes in
common;
d) no answer is not correct;

2. Atom is composed of:


a) core and e-coating;
b) electrons and protons;
c) electrons and quarks;
d) protons and mesons;

3. Atomic nucleus is composed of:


a) protons and electrons;
b) neutrons and protons;
c) electrons and mesons;
d) protons and neutrons;
4. The central part of the core is formed protons and
neutrons. These particles are called:
a) electrons;
b) mesons;
c) nucleons;
d) fermions;

5. Elementary particles in the atom are:


a) proton relative mass and electric charge 1 relative 1,
electron mass relative 1 and -1 relative electrical charge,
neutrons with relative mass and electric charge 1 relative
0;
b) proton 1 and the relative weight -1 relative electric
charge, electron mass and electric charge relative 1
relative 1, 1 neutron relative weight and relative electric
charge 0;
c) The relative proton mass and electric charge 1 relative
1, electron mass relative to 1 / 1836 and relative electric
charge -1, mass neutron relative 1 and relative electric
charge 0;
d) no answer is not correct.

6. Phosphorus atom has atomic number Z = 15 and mass


number A = 31. The atom is composed of:
a) 15 protons, 16 electrons and 15 neutrons;
b) 15 electrons, 15 protons and 16 neutrons;
c) 15 protons, 16 electrons and 15 neutrons
d) no answer is not correct.
7. It gives atoms: Li (3 protons and 4 neutrons), Cu (64
nucleons and 29 electrons), O (8 protons and 18
nucleons). Atomic number and mass number will be:
a) Li (3 and 7), Cu (29 and 64) and O (8 and 18)
b) Li (4 and 7), Cu (30 and 64) and O (8 and 19)
c) Li (3 and 7), Cu (29 and 64) and O (8 and 16)
d) no answer is not correct.

8. Absolute mass of the atom of oxygen is 26.557 × 10-


27g, and the unit atomic mass 1 amu = 1.66 × 10-24g.
Relative atomic mass of oxygen is:
a)16
b) 8
c) 32
d)10

9. In 160g Ca are:
a) 2 moles of Ca and 4x 6,023x1023 atoms Ca;
b) 4 moles of Ca and 4x 6,023x1023 atoms Ca;
c) 3 moles of Ca and 4x 6,023x1023 atoms Ca;
d) 4 moles of Ca and 6,023x1023 atoms Ca;

10.12,046 x1023 atoms of sulfur are:


a) 1 moles of S and 32g S;
b) 2 moles of S and 64g sulfur;
c) 3 moles of S and 96g sulfur;
d) 4 moles of S and 128g sulfur:

11. Chemical element is defined as the species of atoms


with:
a) the same atomic number Z;
b) the same number of neutrons
c) the same number of nucleons;
d) the same number of table A.

12. It is called the atomic number is denoted by Z:


a) the neutrons in the nucleus;
b) the number of protons in the nucleus;
c) the number of nucleons in the nucleus;
d) number of electrons in the nucleus.

13. It's called mass number and is denoted by A:


a) the number of electrons in the nucleus;
b) the number of neutrons in the nucleus;
c) the number of nucleons in the nucleus;
d) number of protons in the nucleus.

14. Chemical element X (A = 19 and Z = 9) consists of:


a) 9 electrons, 9 protons and 9 neutrons;
b) 9 electrons, 9 protons and 10 neutrons;
c) 9 electrons, 8 protons and 10 neutrons;
d) no answer is not correct.

15. Isotopes are atoms with species:


a) the same number of electrons;
b) the same atomic number Z but different mass
numbers;
c) the same number of protons and neutrons;
d) the same number of neutrons in their nuclei.

16. Atomic weight of an item is determined by:


a) the atomic mass of isotopes;
b) mass nucleons;
17. Stable isotopes of silicon are Si (Z = 14, A = 28) =
92.27%, Si (Z = 14, A = 29) = 4.68% and Si (Z = 14, A =
30) = 2 , 07%. Relative atomic mass of silicon is:
a) 30,00
b) 27, 8138
c) 29,50
d) 25,55.

18. Relative atomic mass of oxygen is:


a) 8
b) 16
c) 32
d) 54.

19. Izotons is characterized by:


a) the same number of neutrons but different A and Z;
b) the same number of protons but different;
c) the same number of neutrons but different Z;
d) the same number of nucleons but different.

20. Izobars is charcterized by:


a) the same atomic number Z but different mass
numbers;
b) the same number of neutrons but different A and Z;
c) the same atomic weight but different mass numbers;
d) the same number of nucleons but different

21. Chemical element with the following Z = 8 and A = 16


is composed of:
a) 8 protons, 9 electrons and 8 neutrons;
b) 8 protons, 8 neutrons and 8 electrons;
c) 8 electrons, 8 protons and 9 neutrons
d) no answer is not correct.

I.2. Periodic sistem

1. Law regularity underlying periodic system structure


was set out in 1969:
a) Dumas;
b) Berzelius;
c) Mendeleev
d) Meyer.

2. Properties of elements are periodic function of mass.


Today use other criteria safer. It is:
a) the table;
b) atomic number;
c) relative atomic mass;
d) number of neutrons.

3. The frequency components depend on the atomic


number Z. These values can be derived by rule double
squares are:
a) 2 8 18 18 32 32
b) 2 8 8 18 18 32
c) 2 8 8 18 18 32
d) no answer is not correct.

4. Distribution of elements after the formation of squares


rule:
a) 5 to 6 periods and incomplete;
b) 6 periods:
c) 6 to 7 periods and incomplete;
d) no answer is not correct
5. Periods are:
a) rows of elements between two rare gas;
b) rows of elements with similar properties;
c) rows of elements with atomic number Z.
d) no answer is not correct.

6. Groups are vertical columns containing:


a) elements with the same configuration layer valence
and similar chemical properties;
b) elements with similar configurations and similar
properties;
c) elements with different properties but the same
number of electrons on the last layer;
d) no answer is not correct.

7. Periodic system consists of:


a) 8 main groups and 8 secondary, the secondary group
8 consisting of 3 groups;
b) 10 main and 8 secondary groups;
c) 8 main groups and 7 secondary
d) no answer is not correct.

8. The properties of non-scheduled are:


a) the table;
b) atomic number;
c) atomic number and atomic weight;
d) valency.

9. Regular properties are:


a) properties of isotopes;
b) electronic shell structure
c) physical (atomic and ionic radius);
d) physical (atomic radius, ionic and energy of ionization)
and chemical properties (valency, oxidation number,
chemical nature).
56
10. 26X chemical element found in :
a) group of VIIIB period of 4;
b) group of VIIA period of 4;
c) group of VIIA period of 3;
d) group of VIIIB period of 3.

11. Element with Z = 7 is found in the system peridic:


a) group IV of period 2;
b) group IV of period 3;
c) the V group during the 2
d) no answer is not correct.

12. Carbon (Z = 6) has the following electronic


configuration:
a)1s2 2s2 2p3;
2 2 2
b)1s 2s 2p ;
c)1s 2s 2p4;
2 2

d)1s2 2s2;

13. Chemical element with Z = 18 has the following


electronic configuration:
a) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6;
b)1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4;
2 2 6 2 7
c)1s 2s 2p 3s 3p ;
d)1s 2s 2p 3s 3p5;
2 2 6 2
14. Sodium (Z = 11) has the following electronic
configuration:
2 2 6
a)1s 2s 2p ;
b)1s 2s 2p5;
2 2

c)1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1;


d)1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2.

15. The ratio of mass number A and atomic number Z is


2, and the difference 7. Element found in:
a) group IV of prioada of 2;
b) Group A period of 2 V;
c) group VI of period 2;
d) no answer is not correct.

16. Sn and Pb elements are arranged in periodic system:


a) group IV main periods of 2 and 3;
b) Group II a main periods of 2 and 3;
c) Group IV main periods of 5 and 6 of;
d) Group IV main periods of 4 and 5;

17. Items O and Po are regularly placed in the system:


a) group VI of the periods of 2 and 3;
b) group II of the periods of the 2nd and 3rd;
c) group VI of the periods of 2 and 6 of;
d) no answer is not correct.

18. Cl and Br elements are arranged in periodic system:


a) group VII of the periods of 3 and 4;
b) group VII of the periods of 4 and 5;
c) group VII of the periods of 2 and 3;
d) group VIII of the periods of 2 and 3 a.
19. Ag and Au elements are arranged in periodic system:
a) group I secondary to periods of 5 and 6 of;
b) group II of the secondary periods of 5 and 6 of;
c) group II of the secondary periods of 4 and 5;
d) group II of main periods of 3 and 4 a.

II.Ions and molecules


II.1. Ions

1. Ions are:
a) atoms with a given mass;
b) atoms with the same number of neutrons;
c) atoms loaded with electric charge;
d) atoms with the same mass number.

2. Ions are obtained from atoms by:


a) electron transfer;
b) acceptance of electrons;
c) transfer or acceptance of electrons with positive and
negative ion formation;
d) no answer is not correct.

3. Positive metal ions are obtained by:


a) disposal of electrons from the last layer;
b) acceptance of the Neutrons;
c) electron transfer and acceptance;
d) acceptance of electrons.

4. Negative ions are derived from non-metals by:


a) disposal of electrons from the last layer;
b) acceptance of electrons to achieve octet pattern of the
c) transfer of neutrons;
d) no answer is not correct

5. Chemical species that has 12 protons and 10 electrons


in the sheath is:
a) positive ion sodium 1;
b) positive ion magnesium 2 +;
c) positive ion calcium 2 +;
d)-positive potassium ion 1 +.

6. Chemical species that has 7 protons and electrons in


the sheath 10 is:
a) positive ion of sodium;
b) negative ion of neon;
c) negative ion flour 3 -;
d) negative ion of nitrogen 3 -.

7. Magnesium atom contains 12 protons and 12


neutrons, and magnesium ion contains 12 protons and
10 electrons. Has an atomic radius greater than:
a) atom of magnesium;
b) Magnesium ion;
c) have equal radii;
d) no answer is not correct.

8. The radius of positive ions in the period:


a) decreased from Group A in Group I of IV;
b) decrease of the group I to group IV because of the
same number of electrons is attracted to a larger number
of protons;
c) increase from group I to group IV of;
d) increase of the group I to group IV because of the
same number of electrons is attracted to a larger number
of protons.

9. Range of negative ions in the period:


a) decreasing the V group of the group VII;
b) increase from group to group V to VII;
c) decreases from group to group V to VII of as the same
number of electrons is attracted to a larger number of
protons;
d) increase from group to group V to VII because the
same number of electrons is attracted to a larger number
of protons.

10. Atomic and ionic radius in the group:


a) decreases;
b) increase;
c) increases with the number of layers;
d) decreases with the number of layers.

11. Chemical elements O, Li Ca, S, N, Cl can form ions:


a) positive (Li, Ca), negative (O, S, N, Cl);
b) positive (O, S Ca), negative (Li, N, Cl);
c) positive (Li, S), negative (O, N, Cl).
d) no answer is not correct.

12. Chemical species Ag, Br, P, Mg, K ions may form:


a) positive (Br, K), negative (Ag, Mg, P);
b) positive (Ag, Mg, K), negative (Br, P);
c)-positive (Br, K), negative (P, Mg, Ag);
d) no answer is not correct.

13. The elements Na, Zn, O, Sn, P form ions:


b) positive (O, Na, Zn), negative (P);
c) positive (Na, Sn), negative (O, P);
d) no answer is not correct.

14. Ionization energy is the energy required to remove an


electron from an isolated atom. This varies as:
a) the period increases with Z, in groups I, II, III to
increase with Z;
b) the period decreases with Z, in groups I, II, III to
increase with Z;
c) the period increases with Z, in groups I, II, III to
decrease with increasing Z;
d) the period decreases with Z, in groups I, II, III to
decrease with increasing Z;

15. For the elements Mg, Na, O, He, the ionization


energy varies as:
a) Na<Mg<O<He;
b) He>Mg>Na>O;
c) Na<Mg>O>He;
d) O>He>Mg>Na.

16. Affinity for electrons in the system varies periodically


as follows:
a) the period increases with Z, in group VII of the main
decreases with increasing Z;
b) the period decreases with Z, in group VII of the
principal increases with Z;
c) the period decreases with z, in group VII of the
principal increases with Z;
d) the period decreases with Z, in group VII of the main
17. For the elements F, Cl, Br, is the electron affinity
varies as:
a) Cl>F>Se>Br;
b) F>Cl>Br>Se;
c) Cl<F>Se<Br;
d) F<Cl<Br<Se.

18. Elements in group II of the principal may have


valency and oxidation number equal to:
a) +1 şi +2;
b) +2;
c) +2 şi -2;
d) +1, +2 şi -1, -2.

II. 2. Molecules

1. Oxygen molecule consists of:


a) an oxygen atom;
b) two oxygen atoms;
c) an oxygen atom and one hydrogen
d) no answer is correct.

2. Water molecule is composed of:


a) 2 oxygen atoms and 1 hydrogen atom;
b) 2 oxygen atoms;
c) 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom;
d) 2 hydrogen atoms.

3. Hydrogen sulfide molecule is composed of:


a) 2 sulfur atoms and 1 hydrogen atom;
b) hydrogen atoms 2 and 3 sulfur atoms;
c) 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 sulfur atom;
d) no answer is correct.

4. 7 molecules of hydrochloric acid by writing:


a) HCl7;
b) 7HCl;
c) H7Cl;
d) HCl7.

5. Molecule of ammonia contains:


a) 1 nitrogen atom and 3 hydrogen atoms;
b) 3 nitrogen atoms and 1 hydrogen atom;
c) 2 nitrogen atoms and 2 hydrogen atoms;
d) no answer is not correct.

6. Bromine molecule coţine:


a) 2 bromine atoms;
b) 1 bromine atom;
c) 3 bromine atoms;
d) no answer is not correct.

7. Sulfuric acid molecule contains:


a) 1 oxygen atom, sulfur atoms 3 and 5 hydrogen atoms;
b) 2 sulfur atoms, hydrogen atoms 3 and 4 oxygen
atoms;
c) 4 sulfur atoms, 3 hydrogen atoms and 2 oxygen
atoms;
d) 2 hydrogen atoms, 1 sulfur atom and 4 oxygen atoms.

8. Carbon dioxide molecule contains:


a) 2 atoms cabon and 1 oxygen atom;
b) 2 oxygen atoms and 2 carbon atoms;
9. Nitric acid molecule contains:
a) 1 atom of hydrogen, 1 nitrogen atom and 3 oxygen
atoms;
b) 2 hydrogen atoms, 1 nitrogen atom and 3 oxygen
atoms;
c) 1 hydrogen atom, 2 nitrogen atoms and 3 oxygen
atoms;
d) 1 atom of hydrogen, 1 nitrogen atom and 4 oxygen
atoms;

II.3. Chemical formulas

1. Calcium nitrate chemical formula is:


a) Ca(NO2)2
b) Ca(NO3)2
c) Ca(NO)2
d) Ca(NO3).

2. Formula of acetic acid is:


a) CH3COOH
b) CH2COOH
c) CH4COOH
d) no answer is correct.

3. Sulfuric acid formula is:


a) H2 SO4
b) H2 SO2
c) H2 SO3
d) no answer is correct.
4. Magnesium oxide formula is:
a) MgO
b) Mg(OH)2
c) MgO2
d) no answer is correct.

5. Chemical formula of aluminum oxide:


a) AlO3
b) AlO2
c) Al2O3
d) no answer is correct.

6. Calcium phosphate formula is:


a) Ca(PO4)3
b) Ca3(PO4)2
c) Ca(PO4)2
d) no answer is correct.

7. Hydrogen peroxide formula is:


a) H2O2
b) HO2
c) HO3
d) H2O.

8. Chemical formula of silver nitrate is:


a) AgNO2
b) AgNO3
c) AgNO
d) Ag2NO.

9. Chemical formula of methane is:


a) CH2
b) CH3
c) CH4
d) CH5

10. Chemical formula of ammonia is:


a) NH
b) NH2
c) NH4
d) NH3.

II.4. Molecular weight. Mol

1. Molecular weight of methane is:


a) 8;
b)16;
c) 23;
d) 32.

2. Molecular weight of hydrogen peroxide is:


a) 20;
b) 32;
c) 34;
d) 23.

3. Report the number of atoms in NH3 is:


a) 1:2;
b) 1:3
c) 1:1
d) 1:4

4. How many moles is 72g H2O:


a) 3;
b) 4;
c) 5;
6) 6.

5. H2SO4 molecules in 5 are:


a) 10 hydrogen atoms, sulfur atoms 5 and 20 oxygen
atoms;
b) 2 hydrogen atoms, 1 sulfur atom and 4 oxygen atoms.
c) 5 hydrogen atoms, sulfur atoms 5 and 5 oxygen atoms
d) 5 sulfur atoms, oxygen atoms and 4 hydrogen atoms
5.

6. How many grams is 2 moles of water:


a) 32g;
b) 36g;
c) 23g
d) 54g.

7. How many grams is 8 moles ammonia:


a)136g;
b)120g;
c)100g;
d) no answer is correct

8. Molecular weight of phosphoric acid is:


a) 89;
b) 98;
c) 84;
d) 80.

9. Molecular weight of benzene is:


a) 87;
c) 90;
d) 78.

10. How many grams is 0.1 moles benzene:


a) 7,8;
b) 78;
c) 80;
d) 780.

III. Chemical reactions

III.1. Chemical Equations

1. Which of chemical reactions is written correctly?


a) NaOH + HCl = NaCl + H2O
b) 2NaOH + 2HCl = NaCl + H2O
c) NaOH + 2HCl = NaCl + 2H2O
d) NaOH + 2HCl = NaCl + 2H2O

2. Which of chemical reactions is written correctly?


a) H +Cl = HCl
b) H2 + Cl =HCl
c) H2 + Cl2= 2HCl
d) H +Cl2= HCl

3. Substance Mg (OH)2 is called:


a) magnesium oxide;
b) magnesium hydroxide;
c) magnesium chloride;
d) no answer is not correct.
4. Choose correctly written equation:
a) 3H2SO4 +2Al(OH)3 =Al2(SO4)3 + 6H2O
b) H2SO4 +2Al(OH)3 =Al2(SO4)3 + H2O
c) 3H2SO4 +Al(OH)3 =Al2(SO4)3 + 6H2O
d) 3H2SO4 +2Al(OH)3 =Al2(SO4)3 + H2O

5. Choose correctly written equation:


a) H +Cl = HCl
b) NaOH + 2HCl = NaCl + 2H2O
c) 3H2SO4 +2Al(OH)3 =Al2(SO4)3 + 6H2O
d) any chemical equation is not correct.

6. NH4Cl substance is called:


a) hydrochloric acid;
b) ammonia;
c) sodium chloride;
d) ammonium chloride.

7. CaCO3 substance is called:


a) sodium carbonate;
b) calcium carbonate;
c) ammonium carbonate;
d) potassium carbonate.

8. Na2SO4 substance is called:


a) sulfate sulfur;
b) sulphate oxygen;
c) sodium sulfate;
d) no answer is not correct.

9. NaCl substance is called:


a) sodium chloride;
b) magnesium chloride;
c) calcium chloride;
d) barium chloride.

10. Solution of Mg(OH)2 is:


a) acid;
b) alkaline;
c) neutral;
d) no answer is not correct.

11. H2SO4 solution is:


a) Acid
b) alkaline;
c) neutral
d) no answer is not correct.

12. CH3COOH solution is:


a) acid;
b) alkaline;
c) neutral;
d) no answer is not correct.

III.2. Types of chemical reactions

1. The reaction of ammonia with hydrochloric acid is:


a) decomposition
b) substitution;
c) exchange;
d) combination.

2. The reaction of nitrogen with hydrogen is:


b) blending;
c) exchange;
d) no answer is correct.

3. The reaction for obtaining water is:


a) combination
b) exchange
c) substitution;
d) no answer is correct.

4. Decomposition of calcium carbonate is a reaction:


a) blending;
b) exchange;
c) substitution;
d) decomposition.

5. Decomposition of mercury oxide is a reaction:


a) blending;
b) substitution;
c) exchange;
d) Decomposition

6. The reaction of aluminum with iron oxide is a reaction:


a) decomposition;
b) Replacement or substitution;
c) exchange;
d) no answer is correct.

7. The reaction of zinc with hydrochloric acid is a


reaction:
a) exchange;
c) Replacement or substitution;
d) no answer is correct.

8. The reaction of silver nitrate with hydrochloric acid is a


reaction:
a) decomposition;
b) exchange;
c) substitution;
d) no answer is correct.

9. The reaction of sodium chloride with sulfuric acid is a


reaction:
a) decomposition;
b) substitution;
c) exchange;
d) no answer is correct.

10. Burning sulfur is a reaction:


a) endothermic;
b) endothermic and exothermic;
c) exothermic;
d) no answer is correct.

11. Burning methane is a reaction:


a) endothermic;
b) exothermic;
c) endothermic and exothermic;
d) no answer is correct.

12. Extinction of lime is a reaction:


a) endothermic;
c) endothermic and exothermic;
d) no answer is correct.

IV. Simple Substances


IV.1. Non-metal

1. Non-metals of group VII are:


a) O, S, Se, Te
b) F, Cl, Br, I, At;
c) N, P, As
d) O, F, Cl, I, At.

2. Reaction is the reaction of copper production:


a) hydrogen and copper;
b) hydrogen and copper oxide;
c) hydrogen and oxygen;
d) no answer is correct.

3. Hydrogen reacts with chlorine. The product of reaction


is:
a) sulfuric acid;
b) acetic acid;
c) nitric acid;
d) hydrochloric acid.

4. Oxygen has the following electronic configuration:


2 2 4
a) 1s 2s 2p ;
b) 1s2 2s2 2p3;
c) 1s2 2s2 2p5;
d) 1s2 2s2;
5. Oxygen reacts with metals to form the reaction
products:
a) non-metallic and metallic oxides;
b) metal oxides;
c) non-metallic oxides;
d) no answer is correct.

6. Non-metals react with oxygen to form the reaction


products:
a) non-metallic and metallic oxides;
b) metal oxides;
c) non-metallic oxides;
d) no answer is correct.

7. How many moles we 120g carbon:


a) 9g;
b) 2g;
c) 10g;
d) 12g.

8. Crystallized forms of carbon are:


a) diamond, graphite;
b) diamond;
c) diamond, graphite and Fullerene;
d) no answer is correct.

9. Carbon reacts with hydrogen at a temperature of 2000


° C and Ni catalyst. The product of reaction is:
a) ethane;
b) methane;
c) diethyl
10. Element located in group VI of period 2 is:
a) oxygen;
b) sulfur;
c) nitrogen;
d) no answer is correct.

11. Chemical element located in group IV of period 2 is:


a) sulfur;
b) carbon;
c) nitrogen;
d) no answer is correct.

12. Water gas is composed of:


a) carbon monoxide and hydrogen;
b) carbon dioxide and hydrogen;
c) hydrogen and oxygen;
d) no answer is correct.

13. Collection of steel in metallurgy is based on the


reaction of carbon with iron oxide. Reaction product are:
a) carbon and iron;
b) carbon dioxide and iron;
c) carbon monoxide and iron;
d) no answer is correct.

14. Chlorine reacts with metals to form:


a) chloride;
b) sulfur;
c) iodides;
d) no answer is correct.
15. Sulfur has electronic configuration:
a) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4;
2 2 6 2
b) 1s 2s 2p 3s ;
2 2 6 1
c) 1s 2s 2p 3s ;
d) 1s2 2s2 2p6;

16. Sulfur reacts with metals to form:


a) chloride;
b) oxides;
c) iodides;
d) sulfides;

17. Report of atoms in the ammonium chloride is:


a) 1:2:1;
b) 1:4:1;
c) 1:1:1;
d) 1:3:1;

18. Compound HNO3 is called:


a) nitric acid;
b) nitric acid,
c) hydrochloric acid;
d) no answer is correct.

IV.2. Metals

1. Na element is in the earth's crust at a rate of 2.64%. It


takes:
a) 4 place between metals as Al, Fe and Ca and 6th
place among the chemical elements;
b) 3rd place between metals as Al and Ca and 6th place
c) 4 place between metals as Al, Fe and Ca and place
between 10 chemical elements;
d) 3rd place between metals as Al and Fe;

2. Na is located in the system regularly:


a) group of I main period of 2;
b) group of I main period of 3;
c) Group II of the main period of 3;
d) group of I Main, 4th period;

3.In the reaction between Mg and HCl result is obtained


product reactions response:
a) chloride and magnesium chloride;
b) magnesium chloride and hydrogen;
c) hydrogen and magnesium;
d) magnesium and magnesium chloride;

4. Sodium chloride is found in nature:


a) as the deposit of rock salt;
b) providing a pool of mirabilis;
c) not found in nature in the free state;
d) no answer is correct.

V. Inorganic substances composed

V.1. Oxides

1. Oxides are:
a) binary compounds of oxygen with metals and non-
metals;
b) compounds of oxygen with metals;
c) compounds containing oxygen;
2. Basic oxides react with water. Reaction product is a:
a) acid;
b) basic;
c) salt;
d) water.

3. Acid oxides react with water. Reaction product is a:


a) basic;
b) acid;
c) salt;
d) water.

4. Basic oxides react with acids. Reaction product is:


a) acid and water;
b) salt and water;
c) salt and acid;
d) water and oxide;

5. Oxides react with acid soluble bases. Reaction product


are:
a) salt and water;
b) acid and water;
c) salt and acid;
d) salt and oxide.

6. P2O3 is called:
a) phosphorus penthoxyd;
b) aluminum trioxide;
c) Phosphorus trioxide;
d) phosphorus dioxide.
7. P2O5 is called:
a) phosphorus penthoxide;
b) aluminum trioxide;
c) Phosphorus trioxide;
d) phosphorus dioxide.

8. Cl2O7 is called:
a) chlorine dioxide;
b) chlorine oxygen;
c) heptaoxyd chlorine;
d) chlorine monoxide.

9. Air composition in percent by volume is:


a) 78% nitrogen, 12% oxygen and 1% other gases;
b) 80% nitrogen, 15% oxygen and 4% other gases;
c) 90% nitrogen, 40% oxygen and 2% other gases;
d) 60% nitrogen, 40% oxygen and 2% other gases.

10. Basic components of glass is:


a) silicon dioxide;
b) calcium dioxide;
c) aluminum dioxide;
d) aluminum oxide.

V.2. Acids

1. Acids are:
a) compound substances formed by one or more
hydrogen atoms;
b) compound substances formed by one or more atoms
of hydrogen and an acid radical;
c) simple substances;
d) no answer is not correct.

2. What chemical reaction is correct?


a) CuO + HCl = CuCl + HO
b) CuO + HCl =CuCl2 + H2O
c) CuO + 3HCl =CuCl2 + H2O
d) CuO + 2HCl =CuCl2 + H2O

3. Which of the following substances is an acid


compound?
a) NaCl;
b) HCl;
c) KCl
d) H2.

4. Following the reaction of sulfuric acid and barium


chloride is obtained:
a) barium sulphate and hydrochloric acid;
b) barium sulphate and hydrochloric acid;
c) chlorine and sulfuric acid sulphate;
d) hydrogen sulfide and sulfuric acid.

5. Reactions hydrochloric acid with silver nitrate. Product


reactions are:
a) hydrogen and silver;
b) silver chloride and nitric acid;
c) silver chloride and hydrogen;
d) no answer is not correct.

6. Basic oxides react with acids. Product reactions are:


b) salt and water;
c) salt;
d) water.

7. Acids react with bases. Product reactions are:


a) salt and hydrogen;
b) hydrogen;
c) salt and water;
d) salt.

8. H2CO3 is called:
a) hydrochloric acid;
b) nitric acid;
c) carbonic acid;
d) sulfuric acid.

9. H2SO4 is called:
a) hydrochloric acid;
b) nitric acid;
c) sulfuric acid;
d) carbonic acid.

10. Acids:
a) cornflower litmus;
b) reddening litmus;
c) cornflower phenolphthalein;
d) phenolphthalein redness.

V.3. Base

1. The bases are:


a) substances containing a metal compound and one or
more hydroxyl groups;
b) compound substances formed by one or more
hydrogen atoms and a radical;
c) compound substance containing a metal and oxygen;
d) no answer is correct.

2. Basics:
a) cornflower litmus phenolphthalein and redness;
b) cornflower reddening litmus and phenolphthalein;
c) cornflower phenolphthalein;
d) no answer is correct.

3. Basics soluble oxides react with acids. Product


reactions are:
a) acid and water;
b) salt and water;
c) salt and acid;
d) acid salt.

4. Bases react with acids. Product reactions are:


a) salt and water;
b) water and acid;
c) water and basic
d) salt and acid.

5. Copper hydroxide decomposition at high temperatures.


Product reactions that forms are:
a) water and oxide of copper;
b) water and copper;
c) water;
d) no answer is correct.
6. Which side is correct:
a) FeCl3 + NaOH= Fe(OH)2 +Na
b) FeCl3 +3NaOH=Fe(OH)3 + 3NaCl;
c) FeCl3 + NaOH= Fe(OH) +2Na
d) FeCl3 + NaOH= Fe(OH)2 +3Na:

7. Extinguishing reaction lime is:


a) CaO + H2O =CaOH
b) CaO + H2O =CaOH
c) CaO + H2O =Ca(OH)2
d) CaO + H2O =2CaOH

8. Calcium carbonate is obtained from the reaction:


a) Ca(OH)2 +CO2 =CaCO3 +H2O;
b) Ca(OH)2 +CO2 =CaCO3
c) Ca(OH)2 +CO2 =CaCO2
d) Ca(OH)2 +CO2 =CaCO3 +H2O2;

9. NaOH is basic:
a) soluble;
b) insoluble;
c) slightly soluble;
d) no answer is correct.

V.4. Salts

1. Salts are:
a) compound substances formed from metal and acid
radicals;
b) substances containing a metal compound and one or
more hydroxyl groups;
c) compound substances formed by one or more
hydrogen atoms;
d) no answer is correct.

2. Which of the following substances are sacks neutral:


a) ZnCl2, CuSO4, NaHCO3, KOH;
b) CuSO4, AlCl3, CaCO3, Na2SO4;
c) CaSO4, NaHSO4, NaHCO3, Ca(OH)2;
d) NaCl, KOH, CaCO3, AlCl3.

3. Which of the following substances are acid salts:


a) NaHCO3, Na2SO4, AlCl3, NaHSO4;
b) KOH, CaCO3, NaCl, CuSO4;
c) ZnCl2, AlCl3, NaHSO4, KOH;
d) NaHCO3, NaHSO4, Ca(HCO3)2;

4. What is the correct name of NaHCO3:


a) sodium carbonate;
b) potassium carbonate;
c) sodium hydrogen carbonate;
d) potassium carbonate.

5. What is the correct name of CuSO4:


a) calcium sulfate;
b) magnesium sulfate;
c) sodium sulfate;
d) copper sulphate.

6. Following the reaction of iron chloride (III) and sodium


hydroxyd are obtained as reaction products:
b) sodium hydroxide and iron;
c) sodium chloride and iron;
d) sodium and chlorine.

7. Following reaction of sodium chloride and sulfuric acid


are obtained as reaction products:
a) hydrochloric acid and sodium;
b) hydrochloric acid and sodium sulfate;
c) sodium hydrogen sulfate and sodium;
d) sulfuric acid and sodium.

8. Thermal decomposition of CaCO3 is produced by the


reaction:
a) CaO and CO2;
b) CaO in C;
c) CO2;
d) no answer is correct;

9. Is CaSO4 a acid salt:


a) Sulfuric;
b) Nitric acid;
c) carbon;
d) acid;

10. CaCl2 is obtained from the reaction:


a) Na2SO4 +BaCl2;
b) Pb(NO3)2 + Ca;
c) CaCO3 +HCl;
d) CuSO4 +KOH;

11. AgCl is obtained from the reaction:


a) NaCl + NaNO3;
b) NaCl +KNO3;
c) NaCl + H2SO4;
d) NaCl + AgNO3.

12. K2SO4 is obtained from the reaction:


a) KOH + Ca(OH)2;
b) KOH + CaSO4;
c) KOH + HCl;
d) KOH + NaCl.

13. Na2CO3 correct name is:


a) carbonate acid sodium;
b) potassium carbonate;
c) sodium carbonate;
d) magnesium carbonate.

14. AgNO3 correct name is:


a) potassium nitrate;
b) magnesium nitrate;
c) silver nitrate;
d) calcium nitrate

VI. Substances composed of organic

VI.1. Methane

1. Molecular weight of methane is:


a) 20;
b)16;
c)14;
d)12.
2. Percentage of methane composition is:
a) 10% hydrogen and 80% carbon;
b) 15% hydrogen and 75% carbon;
c) 25% hydrogen and 75% carbon;
d) 5% hydrogen and 80% carbon.

3. Report the number of atoms in methane is:


a) 1:2;
b) 1:5;
c) 1:4;
d) 1:1.

4. Methane was discovered in 1778 by:


a) Mendeleev;
b) Buoyancy;
c) Berzelius;
d) Volta.

5. Carbon black is obtained from methane. Chemical


reaction is:
a) CH4 = C + 2H2;
b) CH4 +O2 = O2 +H2O;
c) CH4 =C2H2 +H2;
d) C2H2 + O2 = CO2 +H2O;

VI.2. Ethyl Alcohol

1. Molecular weight of ethyl alcohol is:


a) 50;
b) 20;
c) 30;
d) 46.
2. Report the number of atoms in the ethyl alcohol is:
a) 2:6:1;
b) 1:2:3;
c) 2:3:1
d) 1:2:3.

3. Mass ratio of ethyl alcohol:


a) 10:3:8;
b) 12:3:8;
c) 9:3:8;
d) 7:3:8.

4. Food ethyl alcohol is obtained by alcoholic


fermentation. Chemical reaction is:
a) C6H12O6 =2C2O5OH +CO2;
b) C6H12O5=C2O5OH +CO2;
c) C6H12 O6 =2C2O5OH +C;
d) C6H12O6 =2C2O5OH;

5. Boiling temperature of ethyl alcohol is:


a) 100°C;
b)120°C;
c) 80°C;
d) 78°C.

6.Ethyl alcohol may be used as fuel. Combustion reaction


is:
a) C2H5OH + O2 = 2CO2 + 3H2O;
b) C2H5OH + 2CO2 = 3H2O;
c) C2H5OH + 3H2O = 2CO2;
d) C2H5OH = 2CO2 + 3H2O.
7. Fermentation of wine is the alcohol oxidation reaction.
Product chemical are:
a) sulfuric acid and water;
b) acetic acid and water;
c) nitric acid and water;
d) hydrochloric acid and water.

8. Vinegar chemical formula is:


a) COOH;
b) CO2;
c) CH3COOH;
d) C.

9. Ethyl alcohol reacts with organic acids to form:


a) ether;
b) alcohols;
c) esters;
d) acids.

10. Ethyl alcohol has a density:


a) more than water;
b) less than water;
c) equal;
d) no answer is correct.

VI.3. Acetic acid

1. Molecular weight of acetic acid is:


a) 60;
b) 50;
c) 20;
d) 30.

2. Composition percentage of acetic acid:


a) 10% carbon, 20% hydrogen, 60% oxygen;
b) 40% carbon, hydrogen 6.66% and 53.34% oxygen;
c) 40% carbon, 10% oxygen and 4% hydrogen;
d) 40% oxygen, 50% carbon and 10% hydrogen.

3. Mass ratio of acetic acid:


a) 2:2:2;
b) 3:3:3;
c) 6:1:8;
d) 4:4:4.

4. Report the number of atoms:


a)1:2:1;
b) 10:2:1;
c) 5:3:1;
d)1:1:1.

5. Which of the following side is correct?


a) CH3COONa + H2SO4 = CH3COOH +Na2SO4;
b) 2CH3COONa + H2SO4 = 2CH3COOH + Na2SO4;
c) CH3COONa + H2SO4 = Na2SO4;
d) CH3COONa + H2SO4 = CH3COOH;

6. Acetic acid is the chemical formula:


a) COOH;
b) CO2;
c) CH3COOH;
d) C2H2.
7. Following the chemical reaction between acetic acid
and calcium chloride are obtained as reaction products:
a) calcium acetate and hydrochloric acid;
b) calcium acetate and water;
c) acetate and calcium chloride;
d) hydrochloric acid and chlorine

8. Chemical formula of sodium acetate:


a) CH3COOH;
b) CH3COONa;
c) COOH;
d) COOS.
Answers
I. General terms about the atom and periodic
system
I.1. Atom structure: 1b,2a, 3d, 4c,5c, 6b, 7a, 8a, 9b,
10b, 11a, 12b, 13c, 14b, 15b, 16c, 17b, 18b, 19a,
20c, 21b.
I.2. Periodic sistem : 1c, 2b, 3b, 4c, 5a, 6a, 7a, 8c, 9d,
10a, 11c, 12b, 13a, 14c, 15b, 16c, 17c, 18a, 19a.
II. Ions and molecules
II.1.Ions: 1c, 2c, 3a, 4b, 5b, 6b, 7d, 8a, 9b, 10c, 11c,
12a, 13b.
II.2. Molecule: 1b, 2c, 3c, 4b, 5a, 6a, 7d, 8c, 9a
II. 3. Chemical formulas: 1b, 2a, 3c, 4a, 5c, 6b, 7a,
8b, 9c, 10d.
II. 4. Molecular weight. Mol: 1b, 2c, 3b, 4b, 5a, 6b, 7a,
8b, 9d, 10a
III. Chemical reactions
III. 1. Chemical equations: 1a, 2c, 3b, 4a, 5c, 6d, 7b,
8c, 9a, 10b, 11a, 12a
III.2. Types of chemical reactions: 1d, 2b, 3a, 4d, 5d,
6b, 7c, 8c, 9b,10c, 11b, 12b.
IV. Simple substances
IV.1. Non-metals: 1b, 2b, 3d, 4a, 5b, 6c, 7c, 8c, 9b,
10a, 11b, 12a, 13b, 14a, 15a, 16d, 17b, 18a.
IV. 2. Metals: 1a, 2b, 3b, 4a,
V. Inorganic compound substances
V.1. Oxides: 1a, 2b, 3b, 4b, 5a, 6c, 7a, 8c, 9a, 10a.
V. 2. Acids: 1b, 2d, 3b, 4a, 5b, 6b, 7c, 8c, 9c, 10b.
V.3. Base.: 1a, 2b, 3b, 4a, 5a, 6b, 7c, 8a, 9a.
V.4. Salt: 1a, 2b, 3d, 4c, 5d, 6a, 7b, 8a, 9a, 10c, 11d,
12b, 13c, 14c.
VI. Organic compound substances
VI.1. Methane: 1b, 2c, 3c, 4d, 5b.
VI. 2. Alcohol ethyl: 1d, 2a, 3b, 4a, 5d, 6a, 7b, 8c, 9c,
10b.
VI.3. Acetic acid: 1a, 2b, 3c, 4a, 5b, 6c, 7a, 8b.