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English Defence

The English Defence is a chess opening characterised by


the moves:

14.Nf4 Qe5 15.Qd2 Bxc3 16.bxc3 Nb4 17.Kf2


Nxd5 18.Nd3 Nxc3 01
Lucian Filip-Igor Kovalenko, Iasi, Romania 2014[4]
1. d4 e6 2. c4 b6 3. g3 Bb7 4. Nf3 Bb4+ 5. Bd2
Bxf3 6. exf3 Bxd2+ 7. Qxd2 d5 8. cxd5 Qxd5 9.
Nc3 Qxf3 10. Rg1 Qh5 11. Nb5 Na6 12. Qc2 Ne7
13. Qa4 O-O 14. Qxa6 Qxh2 15. Rg2 Qh6 16. Qa3
Nf5 17. g4 Nh4 18. Rg3 c6 19. g5 Qg6 20. Bd3
Nf5 21. Nd6 Qh5 22. Bxf5 Qh1+ 23. Ke2 Qxa1
24. Bc2 Qc1 25. Qd3 g6 26. Ne4 Rad8 27. Rh3
Kg7 28. Rxh7+ 1-0

1. d4 e6
2. c4 b6

Description

White often gains a broad pawn centre with 3.e4, which


Black puts pressure on with moves like ...Bb7, ...Bb4,
and sometimes even ...Qh4 and/or ...f5. It was developed by the Leicester player P. N. Wallis, and was taken
up by several leading English players in the 1970s, such
as Tony Miles, Jon Speelman and Raymond Keene.[1] It
outs several traditional opening principles, as Black often develops bishops before knights and brings out the
queen early.[1] It is a somewhat unusual opening, but has
been seen in high-level grandmaster play, usually as a surprise weapon, for example when Viktor Korchnoi used it
to defeat Lev Polugaevsky in their world championship
seminals match at vian 1977 (see below).

3 See also
List of chess openings
List of chess openings named after places

4 Notes
[1] Lawton, Geo (2003). Tony Miles:It{}s Only Me. Batsford. p. 281. ISBN 0-7134-8809-3.

Illustrative games

[2] Lev Polugaevsky vs. Viktor Korchnoi, vian 1977


[3] Susan Polgar vs. Jonathan Speelman, Netherlands 1993

PolugaevskyKorchnoi, vian 1977:[2]


1.d4 e6 2.c4 b6 3.e4 Bb7 4.Qc2 Qh4 5.Nd2 Bb4
6.Bd3 f5 7.Nf3 Bxd2+ 8.Kf1 Qh5 9.Bxd2 Nf6
10.exf5 Bxf3 11.gxf3 Nc6 12.Bc3 0-0 13.Re1
Qh3+ 14.Ke2 Rae8 15.Kd1 e5 16.dxe5 Nxe5
17.Be2 Nxf3 18.Qd3 Rxe2 19.Rxe2 Qg2 20.Rhe1
Nxe1 21.Kxe1 Qxh2 22.Re7 Qg1+ 23.Ke2 Qg4+
24.Ke1 h5 25.Qg3 Qxg3 26.fxg3 Rf7 27.Bxf6 gxf6
28.Re8+ Kg7 29.Kf2 Kh6 30.b4 Kg5 31.Ra8 Kxf5
32.Rxa7 d6 33.a4 Ke6 34.a5 bxa5 35.Rxa5 f5
36.c5 Rh7 37.cxd6 cxd6 38.b5 h4 39.gxh4 Rxh4
40.Ra8 Rb4 41.Rb8 Kd5 42.Kf3 Rb3+ 43.Kf4 Kc5
44.Rc8+ Kxb5 45.Kxf5 Re3 46.Kf4 Re1 47.Rd8
Kc5 48.Rc8+ Kd4 49.Kf3 d5 50.Kf2 Re5 51.Ra8
Kc3 52.Ra3+ Kb4 53.Ra1 d4 54.Rc1 d3 55.Rc8
d2 56.Rb8+ Kc3 57.Rc8+ Kd3 58.Rd8+ Kc2
59.Rc8+ Kd1 60.Rc7 Rf5+ 61.Kg2 Ke2 62.Re7+
Kd3 63.Rd7+ Ke3 64.Re7+ Kd4 65.Rd7+ Rd5 01

[4] http://www.365chess.com/game.php?gid=3894764

5 References
Plaskett, James. Foxy Openings Volume 22: English
Defence (DVD).
Monokroussos, Dennis. English Defence: be the
victor, not the victim!". Chessbase.com. Retrieved
2006-11-17.

Susan PolgarSpeelman, Netherlands 1993:[3]


1.d4 e6 2.c4 Bb4+ 3.Nc3 b6 4.e4 Bb7 5.d5 Qe7
6.Be2 Nf6 7.f3 exd5 8.cxd5 c6 9.dxc6 Nxc6 10.Nh3
d5 11.exd5 0-0-0 12.Bg5 Rhe8 13.Bxf6 gxf6
1

6 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

6.1

Text

English Defence Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Defence?oldid=641773940 Contributors: Rich Farmbrough, Quale,


Krakatoa, Addbot, Luckas-bot, FrescoBot, Fryedk, Jesse V., Ihardlythinkso, ClueBot NG, Frietjes, Arunprasathame and Anonymous:
7

6.2

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