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Taste, the sensation that is formed when a substance touches the sensitive buds on the

tongue. The tongue, a organ composed of pink skeletal muscles that work to help break
down food and substances, and to move the substances to the back of the throat to be
submerged into the esophagus, and travel down to the stomach to be digested. On this pink
organ has about 10,000 taste buds on its surface. Many of the taste buds are on a raised
surface on the tongue called Papillae. There are four [4] types of papillae. The Fungiform
Papillae, Filiform Papillae, Foliate papillae, and the Circumvallate papillae. Fungiform
papillae, is a fungi looking papillae. It looks like a mushroom when it has been cut in
section. These are found by on the tip of the tongue and the sides of the tongue. The
Filiform papillae are shaped like a ''V'' cone, that is thin. There are no taste buds on these
papillae. Foliate papillae are found in the posterior area of the tongue with ridges and
grooves that identify them as Foliate papillae. The last papillae, Circumvallate papillae are
found at the very end of the oral tongue. In most humans you can find between three to
fourteen [3 to 14] of these papillae arranged in a circular-shaped row. There are two types
of cells that make up the taste buds. The Gustatory cells and Supporting cells. The
Gustatory cells are a chemoreceptor [A sensory receptor that detects a chemical in the
environment and sends a chemical signal for an action of the envirnonment.] These cells are
found in the middle of the taste bud. In the middle of the cell it has a large spherical
nucleus. They are spindaly-shaped, which is ideal for the supporting cells. The spporting
cells do exactly what they sound like. They form a casket type shape around the Gustatory
cell like walls. It is not uncommon to find Supporting cells in between Gustatory cells.