Sample Problem #18

# SAMPLE PROBLEM #18

:
A distillation column with a total condenser and a partial reboiler is separating acetone and ethanol. The feed is 70 mole % acetone, flows at 1000 moles/hr, and is a superheated vapor for which 1 mole of liquid must vaporize on the feed plate to cool 4 moles of feed. A distillation column with a total condenser and a partial reboiler is separating acetone and ethanol. We desire a bottoms composition of 5 mole % acetone and a distillate composition of 90 mole % acetone. Reflux is a saturated liquid. Pressure is 1 atm.

SOLUTION
TC 1000 mols/h Feed xF= 0.7 Superheated Vapor (v/F= ¼) PR Distilling Column 1atm

L0
sat liq

D
xD = 0.9

B
xB = 0.05

(a) Nm ? in (b) Rm? (c) nF,opt & N, if Lo/D = 2(Lo/D)m ? in

Minimum number of equilibrium stages
Acetone-Ethanol System
1

mol frac acetone in vap, y

0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0
Nm = 6.8 in
xB

0.2

0.4

0.6

xF

0.8

xD

1

mol frac acetone in liq, x

Minimum External Reflux Ratio
L v V v/F = 1/4

F

L

V

L = L – v = L – (1/4)F 1 1 L- F L - F L -L 4 4 1 q= = = =F 4 F F q q-1 1 4 1 -1 4 1 4 5 4 1 5

slope

=

=

=

=

Acetone-Ethanol System
1
mol frac acetone in vap, y

0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0

y-int = 0.39

xB

0.2

0.4

0.6

xF

0.8

xD

1

mol frac acetone in liq, x

xD 0.9 ,∴ R = 1.33 m y-int = 0.39 = = R+1 R+1 nF, opt & N, if Lo/D = 2(Lo/D)m in Rectifying Line R = 2Rm = 2(1.33) = 2.67 xD 0.9 y-int = = = 0.25 R + 1 2.67 + 1 Feed Line if x = 0.26, y = 0.44

Acetone-Ethanol System
1

mol frac acetone in vap, y

0.8
nF, opt = 5 Stripping Line

0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0

Rectifying Operating Line

N = 9.4

xB

0.2

0.4 Rm = 1.33

0.6

xF

0.8

xD

1

mol frac acetone in liq, x Nm = 6.8 in nF,opt = 5 & N = 9.4