g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

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lwph
u0

muoku

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bfUrlkc
is”k y¶+t+
g+Q+sZ t+jhZu
xqygk, “kQ+d+r
lqYrkuqy v+kf”kd+hu lkfg+cqy cjdkr gq+T+kwj l¸;nuk
“kkg cjdrqYykg b+”d+h iseh ekjgjoh
cqjgkuqy eqokfg+nhu g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys
eqg+Een
“kgt+kn, lkfg+cqy cjdkr g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
utkrqYykg **“kkg fe;k¡**
vlnqy v+kfjQ+hu g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg g+et+k ,+suh
ekjgjoh
v+kfyes jCckuh cjdkrs l+kuh g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
eqg+EEn g+D+d+kuh
“kEls feYyr on~nhu “kEls ekjgjk l¸;nuk “kkg
vcqy Q+T+y vkys vg+en gqT+kwj vPNs lkg+c
fljktqLlkfydhu g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys cjdkr
lqFkjs fe;k¡ lkg+c
bekeqy okflyhu [k+kreqy vdkfcj g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg vkys jlwy vg+enh
l¸;nqy v+kfcnhu g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkSykns jlwy
lkg+c
“kElqy m+jQ+k fljktqy dqeyk g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
xqyke eqfg+¸;nqn~nhu vehj v+kye
[k+kfreqy vlykQ+ g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg eqg+Een
lkfnd+

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fljktqy vkSfy;k uw:y v+kfjQ+hu g+t+jr l¸;nuk
“kkg vcqy gqlSu vg+ens uwjh m+Q+Z **fe;k¡ lkg+c
fd+Cyk**
uchj&,&[k+kfreqy vdkfcj g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
esagnh g+lu
eqtfn~nns cjdkfr;r g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vcqy
d+kfle bLekb+Zy g+lu m+Q+Z “kkg th fe;k¡
rktqy mYek fljktqy m+jQ+k g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
vkSykns jlwy eqg+Een fe;k¡ d+knjh
l¸;nqy m+yek] lunqy gqdek g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
vkys eqLrQ+k l¸;n fe;k¡
vg+luqy mYek fljktqy vlfQ+;k g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg eqLrQ+k g+Snj g+lu fe;k¡ d+knjh
okfjl+s iatru g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg ;g+;k g+lu
d+knjh m+Q+Z vPNs lkg+c
l¸;ns feYyr g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys jlwy
g+luSu fe;k¡ uT+eh ekjgjoh
rktqy e”kkb[k+ vehus feYyr g+t+jr izksQ+slj
l¸;n “kkg eqg+Een vehu fe;k¡ d+knjh
g+t+jr “kQ+sZ feYyr l¸;n eqg+Een v”kjQ+ d+knjh
cjdkrh
g+t+jr l¸;n eqg+Een vQ+t+y d+knjh
jQ+hd+s feYyr g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg uthc g+Snj uwjh
jLes lTtknxh [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k] ekjgjk “kjhQ+
rc:Zdkrs [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k] ekjgjk “kjhQ+ dh
rQ+lhy
et+kjkr ij g+kft+jh ds vknkc
Q+kfrg+k dk rjhd+k
“ktjk “kjhQ+

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g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

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bfUrlkc
eqvfjZ[k+s [k+kunkus cjdkr rktqy mYek fljktqy m+jQ+k
l¸;n “kkg vkSykns jlwy
eqg+Een fe;k¡ d+knjh v+ySfgjZg+ek ds uke
ftUgksaus lcls igys bl [k+kunkus v+kyh”kku dh rkjh[k+
uohlh dh bfCrnk
vkSj
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys v+ck d+knjh uwjh v+ySfgjZg+ek
ds uke
ftuds nksuksa Q+t+ZUnksa
g+t+jr l¸;nqy mYek vkSj g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek us
viuh nhuh] feYyh o :g+kuh f[k+nekr ls [k+kud+kgs
cjdkfr;k dks v+lzs g+kft+j dh [k+kud+kgksa dh vkc:
cuk;kA
vg+en eqtrck fln~nhd+h

+

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

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is”k y¶+t+
[+kkuokn&,&cjdkfr;k ds cqT+kqxZ gj t+ekus esa vius
b+Yeks Q+T+y ds lcc ,d [k+kl vgfe;r vkSj ed+cwfy;r ds
g+kfey jgsA b+Yeks Q+T+y] bfLrd+ker o djker ds ckoqtwn Hkh
vius vkidks [+kkSQ+s [+kqnk ds nkbjs esa j[kdj e[k+ywd+ ds lkFk
ftl rjg ls is”k vk, mldh fel+ky vkSj txg eqf”dy ls
feyrh gSA ckn”kkg ls ysdj Q+d+hj rd ,d gh jo¸;k] ,d
gh lqywdA cl! blh “kkus csfu;kt+h us bu g+t+jkr dks
t+ekus dh roTtks dk ejdt+ cuk;kA
vy&g+Enq fyYykg! vkt fgUnqLrku vkSj fgUnqLrku
ls ckgj bZeku dh et+cwrh vkSj v+d+hns dh rkt+xh ds lkFk
tks vg~ys lqUur vkSj vg~ys eqg+Ccr dh tekv+r gS mldh
rjfc;r vkSj :g+kuh bLykg+ esa [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k dk
dyhnh fdjnkj lkeus gS vkSj bldh lcls cM+h otg ;gk¡
ls rjfc;r ik, gq, [+kqyQ+k dh nhuh f[k+nekr vkSj cqT+kqxksaZ
dk Q+St+kus rl:ZQ+ gSA
[k+kud+kgsa nj vLy :g+kuh rjfc;rxkg gqvk djrh gSa
tgk fnyksa vkSj t+g~uksa dh lQ+kbZ dk dke ft+Øs [+kqnk vkSj
b+”d+s jlwy ds t+fj;s gqvk djrk gSA oD+r ds lkFk
[k+kud+kfg;r] njxkfg;r esa rCnhy gqbZ] bLykg+s d+Yc ls
T+;knk /;ku jLeks jokt ij fn;k tkus yxk vkSj muesa
fcnv+kr dk n[+y “kq: gksus yxk vkSj ;gh otg gS fd
tekv+rs g+d+ ckfry fQ+d+ksaZ dk fu”kkuk cuhA gels tSls tSls
nhu nwj gqvk oSls oSls nwljh x+Sj t+:jh pht+sa gekjk ihNk
djus yxhaA ekjgjk “kjhQ+ dks ;s bfEr;kt+ ges”kk g+kfly
jgk fd ;gk¡ ds e”kkb[k+ d+nhe nkSj ls ysdj vc rd lkfg+cs
b+Ye vkSj lkfg+cs d+ye jgsA vxj buds b+Yeh dkjukeksa dh

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

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Q+sgfjLr eqjRrc dh tk, rks 250 ls T+;knk fdrkcsa vkSj
fjlkys e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk ds gekjs lkeus gksaxsA vdkfcjs
ekjgjk us b+Ye vkSj vg~ys b+Ye nksuksa dks ljkgk] vius
eqjhnhu vkSj pkgus okyksa dks b+Ye g+kfly djus dh rjx+hc
nh vkSj mlds fy;s jkLrs Hkh geokj fd;sA vkt Hkh
vy&g+Enq fyYykg cqT+kqxkZus ekjgjk ds :g+kuh Q+St+ku dk ;g
flyflyk tkjh o lkjh gSA [k+kud+kg] ihjh eqjhnh lc viuh
txg gS gh ysfdu lkFk lkFk nhuh o nqfu;koh rkyhe ls
v+oke dks Q+kbnk igq¡pkus ds lkeku Hkh [k+kud+kg esa eqg¸;k
gSaA vy&cjdkr tSlk nqfu;koh rkyhe dk bnkjk Hkh gS vkSj
tkfe;k vg+luqy cjdkr tSlk nk:y m+ywe HkhA
t+ekuk Hkys gh djoVsa ys jgk gks] d+njksa esa Hkys gh
t+oky vk;k gks] :g+kuh ejdt+ksa ds fet+kt xjps cny x,
gksa ysfdu [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k ds fut+ke esa rcnhfy;k¡ flQ+Z
lqgwyr ds g+okys ls vkbZ gSa ojuk lc dqN ogh gS pkgs
fjok;rsa gksa ;k b+uk;rsa] f[k+ners [k+Yd+ ;k v[k+ykd+h cqyfUn;k¡
lc esa ;gk¡ ogh iqjkuk rkSj rjhd+k] ogh [k+kud+kgh jax] ogh
fjok;rksa dh iklnkjh] ogh vkyk fdjnkj ds uewus] vy&g+Enq
fyYykg!
[k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k ds cqT+kqxksaZ dh g+;kr o f[k+nekr
dks yksxksa rd igq¡pkus dk okfg+n ed+ln ;g gS fd ;gk¡ ls
tqM+s yksx] [k+kl rkSj ls ukStoku lkFkh bu cqT+kqxkZus nhu dh
ft+Unxh ds rkSj rjhd+ksa ls vkxkg gks tk,¡ vkSj de ls de
;g le> ldsa fd vPNs cUns dSls gksrs gSa vkSj vPNk cUnk
cuus ds fy;s dke D;k djus gksrs gSa\
ekStwnk nkSj esa [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k us viuk fe”ku
b+Ye dks v+ke djus dk cuk;k gSA vius pkgus okyksa ls
xqt+kfj”k Hkh dh tk jgh gS vkSj ulhg+r Hkh fd i<+sa] fy[ksa]
t+g~u dks jks”ku j[ksaA ;g reke fdrkcsa blhfy;s rS;kj dh

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

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tk jgh gSa fd yksxksa dks ftu g+t+jkr ls v+d+hnrsa gSa og
mudks igys tkusa vkSj fQj mudks ekusaA blh esa v+d+hnr
vkSj okcLrxh dk yqRQ+ gSA
vYykg rv+kyk dk “kqØ o ,g+lku gS fd mlus
[k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k ls tqM+s ukStoku cjdkfr;ksa dks vius
eqf”kZnkus fxjkeh dk oQ+knkj Hkh cuk;k vkSj tk¡ful+kj Hkh vkSj
bu nksuksa pht+ksa dh rlnhd+ dgus ls ugha cfYd v+ey ls
gksrh gSA
eq>s csg+n [+kq”kh gS fd fiNys lky Barkaati
Youth Meet fcjknjs v+t+ht+ l¸;n eqg+Een veku d+knjh
¼oyh v+g~n½ ds t+sjs fd+;knr gqbZ vkSj mlesa mu cjdkrh
ukStokuksa esa ,d vyx g+kSlyk ns[kus dks feykA mu iqjv+T+e
lkfFk;ksa us [+okfg”k t+kfgj dh fd ge vc vius cqT+kqxksaZ ij
fyVªspj rS;kj djkdj yksxksa esa rd+lhe djsaxs ftldh igyh
dM+h vkids lkeus **g+;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk** gSA bl fdrkc
dh b”kkv+r dk ,gfreke reke cjdkrh ukStokuksa us
“Barkaati Boys Fund” cukdj fd;k gS bl mEehn ds
lkFk fd ;g flyflyk vkxs Hkh ,sls gh tkjh jgsxkA
eSa mu reke ukStoku cjdkrh HkkbZ;ksa dk “kqfØ;k
vnk ugha d:¡xk cfYd ge lc feydj e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk dk
“kqfØ;k vnk djsaxs fd mudh ut+js bfUr[k+kc ge ij iM+hA
blls d+Cy jkfd+e us fgUnh vkSj mnZw esa cqT+kqxkZus
ekjgjk dh lokusg+ g+;kr fdrkcps dh “kDy esa ukuk g+t+jr
vg+luqy mYek ds pgYyqe ij eqjRrc dh Fkh ftls MSO
of India us “kk, fd;k FkkA bjknk Fkk mlh dks tnhn
“kDy esa nqckjk fizUV dj nsa ysfdu eksg+rje ekewtku g+t+jr
“kQ+sZ feYyr dk gqDe gqvk fd fdrkc FkksM+h t+[k+he gksuk
pkfg;s rkfd lokusg+ fy[kus dk dqN rks g+d+ vnk gksA eq>s

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

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bl ekSd+s ij vius v+t+ht+ nksLr vkSj lqUuh ukStokuksa ds
fy;s uewu, v+ey “kghns cx+nkn v+kfyes jCckuh v+Yykek
mlSnqy g+d+ d+kfnjh v+ySfgjZg+ek cgqr ;kn vk, D;ksafd
cs”krj ed+kekr ij eSa mudks Q+ksu djds bldh rjrhc esa
ijs”kku t+:j djrk g+kyk¡fd og ekjgjk “kjhQ+ ds fdlh Hkh
dke ds fy;s vk/kh jkr dks rS;kj gks tkrs FksA vYykg
rv+kyk mlSn fe;k¡ ds njtkr cqyUn Q+jek,A ¼vkehu½
eSa vius “kQ+hd+ ekewvksa dh “kQ+d+rksa dk “kqfØ;k D;k
vnk dj ldw¡xk] og rks esjs fy;s “ktjs lk;knkj gSa ftudh
Nk¡o esa t+ekus dh fg+n~nr ls csfu;kt+ vkSj iqjlqdwu cSBk gw¡A
vYykg rv+kyk bu “kQ+hd+ ljijLrksa dh m+ez vkSj lsg+r esa
cjdr v+rk Q+jek,A ¼vkehu½
ekSykuk eqx+hl+ lkg+c us fgUnh VkbZfiax dh iwjh
ft+Eesnkjh ysdj mldks ik, rdehy rd igq¡pk;kA vYykg
mudks tt+k, [k+Sj v+rk Q+jek,A ¼vkehu½
vYykg rvkyk esjs okfynSu dk lk;k esjs Åij
d+k;e o nk;e j[ks vkSj vius g+chcs ikd ds lnd+s esa fljkrs
eqLrd+he ij pyus dh rkSQ+hd+ v+rk Q+jek,A cqT+kqxkZus ekjgjk
ds vyrkQ+ks dje dh ckfj”ksa muds ekS:l+h xqyke vg+en
eqTrck ij ,sls gh gksrh jgsaA ¼vkehu½
^^ge rks bd [k+kd dk VqdM+k Fkk tgk¡ vksl u Qwy
ge is cjlk ;s rsjk vczs b+uk;r gh rks gSA**
vg+en eqtrck fln~nhd+h

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 10

g+Q+sZ t+jhZa
vkc:, [k+kunkus cjdkr vehus feYyr izksQ+slj
l¸;n “kkg vehu fe;k¡ d+knjh cjdkrh
t+scs lTtknk] vkLrku, v+kfy;k cjdkfr;k ekjgjk “kjhQ+

;s esjs fy;s cM+h [+kq”kh dh ckr gS fd ukStoku
cjdkrh vg+ckc dh [+okfg”k ij vt+ht+e vg+en eqtrck
lYyegq us **g+;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk** rjrhc nh gSA
vYykg rckjd o rv+kyk dk csg+n “kqØ gS fd [k+kunkus
cjdkr ls eqg+Ccr djus okys cjdkrh vg+ckc nkes] fnjes]
d+nes] d+yes] lq[k+us nhuks lqfUu;r o cjdkfr;r dh
f[k+nekr esa [+kqn dks oD+Q+ fd;s gq, gSa vkSj fcy [+kqlwl
ukStokuksa esa rks ;g gkSlyk ns[kus ds d+kfcy gSA
vYg+EnqfyYykg! g+;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk esa rd+jhcu reke
gh cqT+kqxksa ds g+kykrs ft+Unxh dks cM+s lgy vkSj lknk
rjhd+s ls is”k fd;k x;k] lkFk gh ,d vkSj ckr vklkuh
dh ;g gS fd ;g fdrkc fgUnh jleqy [k+r esa gS]
ftldh otg ls ,d cM+k rcd+k blls Q+k;nk mBk
ldsxkA ,d ulhg+r [k+kl dj vius ukStoku cjdkrh
vg+ckc ls d:¡xk fd og mnwZ i<+uk fy[kuk lh[ksa rkfd
T+;knk ls T+;knk et+gch fdrkcksa ls Q+k;nk mBk ldsaA
vius Barkaati Boys Fund ds feEcjku dks bl
fdrkc dh b”kkv+r vkSj muds eq[k+fyl rv+koqu ij fnyh
eqckjdckn vkSj nqv+k,¡A

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 11

xqygk, “kQ+d+r
Q+[+js cjdkfr;r “kQ+sZ feYyr
g+t+jr l¸;n eqg+Een v”kjQ+ fe;k¡ d+knjh
[k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k ds eqjhnhu o eqrofLlyhu ds
fy, ;g cM+h eljZr dh ckr gS fd mu ds e[+nwekus fxjkeh
ds g+kykrs ft+Unxh ^^g+;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk** cT+kqcku fgUnh
eqjÙkc gksdj eUt+js vke ij vk jgs gSaA [k+kfnekus [k+kunkus
cjdkr ds fy;s ;g ckr ges”kk [+kqf”k;ksa esa bt+kQ+s dk ckbl
jgh fd gesa vg+ckc cgqr pkgus okys feys vkSj gekjs
vg+ckc ds fy;s ;g ckr ckbls lqdwu gS fd mudks muds
ihj[k+kus ls ges”kk eqg+Ccrsa feyrh jghaA
vYg+EnqfyYykg vkt ;g ns[k dj cM+h [+kq”kh gksrh
gS fd [k+kunkus cjdkr ls okcLrk ukStokuksa esa
fyYykfg;r] fg+Eers nhuh vkSj vius ihj[+kkus ds rbZa
xgjh vd+hnr vkSj okcLrxh gS vkSj mEehn gS fd
ba”kkvYykg mlesa bt+kQ+k gh gksrk jgsxkA
vt+ht+h vg+en fe;k¡ lYyegw dh eqjÙkc djnk
fdrkc Hkh bUgha pkgus okyksa dh reUuk dk ,d fg+Llk
gSA g+;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk dk eqrkyk djus ij ;g
vUnkt+k
gqvk
fd
ba”kkvYykg
okcLrxkus
flyfly&,&cjdkfr;k vius e”kkb[k+s ,t+ke dh g+;kr
o f[k+nekr ls dek g+Ddgw jkS”kuh g+kfly dj ldsaxsA
vg+en lYyegw us [k+kunkus cjdkfr;k ls
eqrv+fYyd reke fdrkcksa ls vd+Z jst+h dj ds reke
vge okfd+;kr vkSj f[k+nekr dk bg+krk djus dh dksf”k”k
dh gSA fy[kus&fy[kkus] i<+us&i<+kus dk flyflyk

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 12

vYg+EnqfyYykg [k+kuokn&,&cjdkr esa jkst+ vQ+jkst+ gS
vkSj mEehn gS vkxs vkSj et+cwr gksxkA ba”kkvYykg vkus
okys oD+rksa esa vkSj Hkh T+;knk eokn vkSj ekywekr ds lkFk
rkjh[k+s [k+kunkus cjdkr dks “kk, fd;k tk,xkA
eqvfjZ[k+s [k+kunkus cjdkr vkSj esjs ihj o eqf”kZn
gt+jr rktqy m+yek vySfgjZg+Ekk us rkjh[+k uohlh dh
tks bfCrnk vius nLrs eqckjd ls dh Fkh ba”kkvYykg ;g
jkS”ku flyflyk uLy nj uLy bl [k+kud+kg ls tkjh o
lkjh jgsxkA eSa mu reke ukStokuksa dks fny ls nqv+k nsrk
gw¡ ftUgksaus ckgeh rv+koqu ds lkFk bl bYeh dke dks
vUtke nsus dh is”kd”k dhA vYykg rckjd o rv+kyk
mudh bl usd fu;rh dks d+qcwy Q+jek, vkSj et+hn dkjs
[k+Sj vUtke nsus dh rkSQ+hd+s jQ+hd+ v+rk Q+jek,A ¼vkehu½
eSa vius bu reke vg+ckc o eqrofLlyhu ls
xqtkfj”k djuk pkgrk gw¡ fd og bl fdrkc dk vOoy
rk vkf[k+j eqrkyk djsa vkSj vius e”kkb[k+ ds g+kykrs
ft+Unxh dks e”kv+ys jkg cuk,¡A jCcs djhe vius g+chcs
ikd lYyYykgq vySfg olYye ds lnd+s rqQ+Sy
[+kkud+kgs cjdkfr;k ds od+kj vkSj bd+cky esa fnu nwuh
jkr pkSxquh rjD+d+h v+rk Q+jek,A bl :g+kuh [k+kuokns ds
eqrofLlyhu dks vius [k+t+ku, x+Sc ls usersa vkSj cjdrsa
v+rk Q+jek, vkSj fdrkc ds eqvfYyQ+ v+t+ht+h MkW0
vg+en eqtrck fln~nhd+h dks nkjSu esa tt+k, [k+Sj v+rk
Q+jek,A ¼vkehu½

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 13

lqYrkuqy v+kf”kd+hu lkfg+cqy cjdkr
g+t+jr l¸;nuk “kkg cjdrqYykg
b+”d+h o iseh ekjgjoh jg+erqYykg v+ySg
“kkgs cjdkr cjdkr is”khfu;k¡
ukS cgkjs rjhd+r is yk[kksa lyke
bekes flyfly, cjdkfr;k gq+T+kwj l¸;n “kkg
cjdrqYykg b+”d+h o iseh ekjgjoh jg+erqYykg v+ySg dh
foyknr 26 tekfny vkf[k+j 1070 fgtjh esa fcyxzke
“kjhQ+ esa gqbZA vkids okfyns ekftn g+t+jr “kkg moSl
bCus v+Cnqy tyhy fcyxzkeh jg+erqYykg v+ySg gSaA
vkidk ulc ukek bl rjg gS% g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg cjdrqYykg fcu g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg moSl fcu
l¸;n “kkg v+Cnqy tyhy fcu ehj l¸;n v+Cnqy okfg+n
fcyxzkeh ¼lkfgcs ^^lcv+ lukfcy**½ fcu l¸;n bczkghe
fcu l¸;n d+qrcqíhu fcu l¸;n “kkg ekg: fcu l¸;n
“kkg cq<k fcu l¸;n deky fcu l¸;n d+kfle fcu
l¸;n gq+lSu fcu l¸;n ulhj fcu l¸;n g+qlSu fcu
l¸;n m+ej fcu ehj l¸;n eqg+Een lqx+jk mQZ+
nkorqLlqx+jk fcu l¸;n v+yh fcu l¸;n gq+lSu fcu
l¸;n vcqy Q+jg+ l+kuh fcu l¸;n vcw Q+jk”k fcu
l¸;n vcqy Q+jg+ fcu l¸;n nkÅn fcu l¸;n gq+lSu
fcu l¸;n ;g+~;k fcu l¸;n tS+n lkse fcu l¸;n m+ej
fcu l¸;n tS+n nkse fcu l¸;n v+yh b+jkd+h fcu l¸;n
g+lu fcu l¸;n v+yh fcu l¸;n eqg+Een fcu l¸;n

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 14

b+Zlk ewfreqy v”kcky ¼”ksjksa dks ;rhe cukus okys½ fcu
l¸;n tS+n “kghn fcu beke tS+uqy v+kfcnhu fcu
l¸;nq”“kqgnk g+t+jr bekes g+qlSu fcu g+t+jr veh:y
eksfeuhu l¸;nuk g+t+jr v+yh&,&eqrZt+k djZeYykgq
otggqy
djhe
t+kSt
¼”kkSgj½
lf¸;nrqfUulk
Q+kfrerqT+t+gjk fcUr l¸;nqy vfEc;k eqg+Een eqLrQ+k
rd igq¡prk gS ¼lYyYykgq v+ySg o lYye o jfn;Yykgq
v+Ugqe vteb+Zu½
g+qT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr flyfly, cjdkfr;k ds
ckuh vkSj vius nkSj ds e”kgwj lwQ+h] v+kfye] eqlfUuQ+
vkSj “kk;j cqT+kqxZ gSaA lkfg+cqy cjdkr dks cSv+r vkSj
f[k+ykQ+r flyfly, fpf”r;k esa vius okfyns ekftn
“kkg moSl ls g+kfly FkhA blds v+ykok vius ppkt+kn
HkkbZ l¸;n eqjCch bCus l¸;n v+Cnqy uch ls Hkh
flyfly, d+knfj;k vkckbZ esa btkt+r o f[k+ykQ+r
g+kfly FkhA
g+qT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr ljdkjs x+kSls vkt+e ds
b+”d+ esa lj”kkj Fks vkSj b+”d+ bl njtk igq¡pk gqvk Fkk
fd lSjkch u gksrh FkhA ev+fjQ+r vkSj rjhd+r dh I;kl
vkSj b+”d+s x+kSl+s vkt+e esa lj”kkj gksdj e[+nwes dkYih
g+t+jr l¸;nuk “kkg Q+T+yqYykg jg+erqYykg v+ySg dh
ckjxkg esa g+kft+j gq,A dqrqcs ekjgjk dk ljdkjs dkYih
us lhus ls yxkdj bfLrd+cky fd;k] viuh Vksih v+rk
Q+jekbZ vkSj nfj;k&c&nfj;k isoLr Q+jekrs gq,
flyfly, d+knfj;k dh f[k+ykQ+r o btkt+r v+rk
Q+jekbZA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 15

ljdkjs dkYih us g+qT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr dks
:[+klr djrs gq, Q+jek;k fd rqEgkjk lqywd deky dh
bfUrgk dks igq¡pk] rqe vius edku esa d+;ke djksA mlh
txg rqEgkjh t+krs ckcjdr bfLrd+ker ds lkFk jgs] ogk¡
ds rkfycksa vkSj Q+St+ ikus okyksa dks dgha tkus dh t+:jr
ughaA e[+nwes dkYih dh T+kqcku dk ;g vl+j Fkk fd g+qT+kwj
lkfg+cqy cjdkr us 34 lky rd lTtkn, cjdkfr;k ls
vius vkidks tqnk uk fd;kA
flyfly, d+knfj;k dh nkSyr g+kfly djds g+qT+kwj
lkfg+cqy cjdkr vius nknk l¸;n “kkg tyhy
v+ySfgjZg+ek ds folky ds ckn ¼vkSjaxt+sc ds t+ekus esa½
ekjgjk “kjhQ+ r”kjhQ+ yk, vkSj **ise uxj cjdkr
uxjh** vkckn dh tks bl oD+r **eqg+Yyk cLrh
ihjt+knkxku** ekjgjk “kjhQ+ ds uke ls e”kgwj gS vkSj
blh txg mUgsa uch&,&ikd lYyYykgq v+ySg o lYye
vkSj g+t+jr l¸;nuk x+kSl+s vkt+e dh ft+;kjr dk “kQZ+
g+kfly gqvk vkSj vkidks c”kkjr nh xbZ fd rqe bl
txg eqLrfd+y lqdwur bf[+r;kj djksA ljdkjs x+kSls
vkt+e us g+qT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr dh vky esa lkr dqrqc
iSnk gksus dh c”kkjr Q+jekrs gq, g+t+jr cw v+yh “kkg
ikuhirh jg+erqYykg v+ySg ds t+fj;s viuh rLchg ds
lkr nkus bl c”kkjr dh rlnhd+ esa v+rk Q+jek,] lkFk
gh ljdkjs x+kSls vkt+e us g+qT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr ls ,slk
tqeyk v+rk Q+jek;k ftl ij lqcg+s d+;ker rd cjdkrh
xqyke Q+[+j Hkh djsaxs vkSj eqrebu Hkh jgsaxsA ljdkjs
cx+nkn us Q+jek;k% **cjdrqYykg! v+Cnqy d+kfnj tc rd

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 16

rsjs eqjhnks dks tUur esa u nkf[k+y djk nsxk [kqn tUur
esa nkf[k+y u gksxkA**
g+qT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr dh b+cknrks fj;kt+r dk
v+kye fujkyk Fkk] vkius lqywdks rlOoqQ+ dh mu reke
efUt+yksa dks r; Q+jek;k ftlds ckn ed+kes eg+cwfc;r
vkSj rkts foyk;r g+kfly gksrk gSA b+cknrksa dk ;g
v+kye Fkk fd rkjh[k+nkW fy[krs gSa fd 26 lky eqlyly
g+kyrs jkst+k esa jgs vkSj [ktwj vkSj d+yhy fx+t+k ls
bQ+rkj Q+jekrs] gj oD+r ;kns bykgh esa x+d+Z jgrs vkSj
eqírksa jkr Hkj csnkj vkSj e”kxwys b+cknr jgsA
njos”kh vkSj bfUdlkjh dk ;g vkye Fkk fd dHkh
nqfu;k vkSj nqfu;knkjksa dh rjQ+ roTtks u Q+jekbZ vkSj
iwjh ft+Unxh nhu dh rCyhx+ vkSj e[k+ywd+s [+kqnk dh
jguqekbZ esa xqt+kjhA vkids :gkuh deky vkSj “kf[+l¸;r
dk ;g “kksgjk Fkk fd cM+s&cM+s ckn”kkgksa ls ysdj vehj
dchj g+kft+jh nsus ds fy;s v+ft+Z;k¡ is”k djrs FksA
vkSjaxts+c ls ysdj ckn”kkg eqg+Een “kkg rd
ljdkj lkfg+cqy cjdkr dh ckjxkg esa v+t+hZ is”k djrs
ysfdu ckj;kch eqf”dy gksrhA gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr dh
csfu;kt+h vkSj roDdq+y dk ;g v+kye Fkk fd ,d erZck
vkids [k++yhQ+k v+CnqYykg “kkg lkg+c dks ckn”kkg eqg+Een
“kkg us mudh d+;kexkg ij g+kft+j gksdj dqN uT+j is”k
dj nh Fkh rks g+qT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr us l[+r ukjkt+xh
dk bt+gkj djrs gq, Q+jek;k% ^^ge tkurs gSa rqEgkjh
[+okfg”k eqykd+kr dh u Fkh ysfdu vxj ckn”kkg ds vkus
dh [k+cj fey xbZ Fkh rks rqEgs og txg NksM+ nsuh
pkfg, FkhA** vkxs Q+jek;k% ^^Q+d+hj rks rqEgkjs fnykssa dks

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 17

vYykg ds uke ls jks”ku djrk gS vkSj rqe vius fny
ij eqg+Een “kkg dk uke fy[krs gksA**
;g g+qT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr ds Q+St+ku gh dk vl+j
gS fd ekStwnk nkSj esa Hkh muds okfjl+ks tku”khu gqdwer o
l+jor ls [+kqn dks csfu;kt+ j[krs gSaA
flyfly&,&d+knfj;k cjdkfr;k ds 33oas “kS[ks+
rjhd+r gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr us iwjh ft+Unxh et+gcs
bLyke vkSj lqUurs jlwy dh f[k+ner esa xqt+kj nh] u
tkus fdrus ohjku fnyksa dks vkckn fd;kA vki rQ+lhj
g+nhl+] fQ+D+g] efUrd+] rkjh[k+] “kk;jh lc esa csfel+ky
lykfg+;rksa ds g+kfey FksA c`t Hkk’kk ds ,sls cM+s “kk;j Fks
fd e”kgwj ekfgjs fylkfu;kr (Linguistics) izksQ+slj
elwn g+lu [k+k¡ us vius rkjh[k+s mnZw T+kqcku o vnc ds
eqd+n~nes esa fy[kk fd **Hkk’kk dh “kk;jh “kkg cjdrqYykg
iseh dh “kk;jh ds cx+Sj v/kwjh gSA**
lkfg+cqy cjdkr us reke fj;kt+rksa] b+cknrksa vkSj
lqywd o rlOoqQ+ dh eaft+yksa ds lQ+j djus ds ckoqtwn
fdrkcksa ds eqrkys dk cgqr “kkSd+ j[krs vkSj [+kqn Hkh
fdrkcsa rluhQ+ Q+jekrsA pgkj vuokv+] loky o tokc]
etem+y cjdkr] c;kt+s t+kfgj o ckfru] fjlkyk
rdlhj] v+okfjQ+s fgUnh] fjlkyk rlOoqQ+] olh;rukek
ox+Sjk vkidh d+yeh ;knxkj gSaA
lkfg+cqy cjdkr dk “kqekj ml nkSj esa c`t Hkk’kk]
v+jch vkSj Q+kjlh ds eqErkt+ “kk;jksa esa FkkA nhokus
Q+kjlh] ise izdk”k] eLuoh fj;kt+s b+”d+] :d+v+krs lwfQ+;k
vkidh “kk;jh dh rluhQ+kr gSaA lkfg+cqy cjdkr Q+kjlh

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 18

vkSj v+jch esa **b+”d+h** vkSj fgUnh esa **iseh** r[k+Yyql
Q+jekrsA
vkidh “kknh l¸;n ekSnwn lkg+c dh lkg+ct+knh ls
gqbZA vkids nks lkg+ct+kns vkSj rhu lkg+ct+kfn;k¡ gqbZaA cM+s
lkg+ct+kns l¸;n “kkg vkys eqg+Een vkSj NksVs l¸;n “kkg
utkrqYykg jg+erqYykg v+ySfgek gSaA nksuksa lkg+ct+kns okfyns
ekftn ds folky ds ckn lTtknku”khu gq,A cM+s
lkg+ct+kns dh fuLcr ls ekStwnk nkSj esa [k+kuoknk **cM+h
ljdkj** ls tkuk tkrk gS vkSj NksVs lkg+ct+kns dh vkSyknsa
NksVs ljdkj ds uke ls e”kgwj gSaA
gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr l¸;n “kkg cjdrqYykg dk
folky v+k”kwjk ¼nloha eqg+jZe½ dh jkr 1142
fgtjh@1729 b+Z0 dks ekjgjk “kjhQ+ esa gwvkA
uokc eqg+Een cax”k [k+k¡ okyh&,&Q+:Z[k+kckn gqT+kwj
lkfg+cqy cjdkr dk v+d+hnrean vkSj cgqr f[k+nerxqt+kj
FksA uokc cax”k [k+k¡ gh Q+d+r ,sls vehj Fks ftudks
v+d+hnr vkSj bfUdlkjh dh otg g+t+jr dh ckjxkg esa
f[k+nerxqt+kjh dk ekSd+k g+kfly FkkA mudh xqt+kfj”k ij
**elkfjQ+s esgekukus njckjs ekjgjk** ds uke ls nks tkxhjsa
frydiqj vkSj nknuiqj lkfg+cqy cjdkr us dqcwy
Q+jekbZaA uokc cax”k [k+k¡ us gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr ds
folky ds ckn vkidk jkSt+k Hkh rkehj djk;kA
gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr v+ySfgjZg+ek ds cs”kqekj
[+kqyQ+k Fks ftuesa ls pUn e”kgwj [+kqyQ+k dk uke vkSj
eq[k+rlj rv+k:Q+ ;gk¡ ft+Ø fd;k tk jgk gSA
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys eqg+Een ¼vkids cM+s
lkgc+t+kns½ ftudk rt+fdjk vkxs vk jgk gSA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 19

“kkg v+CnqYykg% vki ekjgjk ds jgus okys Fks vkSj
budk rv+Yyqd+ T+kqcSjh [k+kunku ls FkkA fgUnh esa “kk;jh
djrs FksA 1140 fgtjh esa bUrd+ky gqvkA
“kkg eq”krkd+qy cjdkr% ;g lkfg+cqy cjdkr ds
cgqr pghrs [k+yhQ+k FksA budk folky 11 lQ+j 1167
fgtjh esa gqvkA
“kkg jktw% ;g fcyxzke ds ckf”kUns Fks vkSj l¸;n
vcqy Q+jg+ dh vkSykn esa FksA budk bfUrd+ky 1143 esa gqvkA
“kkg lkfnd+% ;g d+lck HkjxSu ft+yk ,Vk ds
jgus okys FksA ogha ij folky Q+jek;kA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 20

cqjgkuqy eqokfg+nhu g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
vkys eqg+Een jg+erqYykg v+ySg
vki g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg cjdrqYykg lkg+c ds cM+s
lkg+ct+kns gSaA vki gh dh fulcr ls vkt ekStwnk
[k+kuoknk cM+h ljdkj ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gSA
vkidh foyknr 18 jet+ku 1111 fgtjh esa
fcyxzke esa gqbZA reke t+kfgjh vkSj :g+kuh rkyhekr
vius okfyns ekftn ls g+kfly Q+jekbZaA vkidks cSv+rks
f[k+ykQ+r vius okfyns ekftn lkfg+cqy cjdkr ls FkhA
vki [k+kuokn&,&cjdkfr;k ds mu cqT+kqxksaZ esa gSa ftu ij
b+cknr ukt+ djrh gSA vki tSlh b+cknr o fj;kt+r]
eqtkgnk vkSj lqywd dh jkgsa ikus okyh esg+ur fdlh us
u Q+jekbZA 18 lky eqdEey fj;kt+r vkSj v+efy;kr esa
e”kxwy jgs] rhu lky rd ,frdkQ+ Q+jek;kA b+cknr
dh dl+jr ls lj esa xM~<k iM+ x;k FkkA cgqr de
fx+t+k uks”k Q+jekrsA b+cknr dh dl+jr ls fnd+ dk et+Z
gqvk] nsgyh ds g+dheksa us dgk fd bl et+Z dk b+ykt
g+dheksa ds ;gk¡ ugha] lkfg+cqy cjdkr ds ikl gSA vkids
njckj esa ckn”kkg vkSj uokc yksx g+kft+j gksus dh
[+okfg”k t+kfgj djrs ysfdu btkt+r v+rk u gksrhA
vki vius okfyns xsjkeh ds cM+s pghrs Q+jt+Un
FksA vkids lkg+ct+kns g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg g+et+k ,+suh
fy[krs gSa%

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 21

**g+t+jr “kkg vkys eqg+Een ls gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy
cjdkr dks [+kqlwlh yxko vkSj csiukg eqg+Ccr FkhA iwjh
ft+Unxh vki vius okfyns cqT+kqxZokj ds t+sjs lk;k Q+q;wt+ks
cjdkr g+kfly djrs jgs] ,d yEg+s ds fy;s Hkh muls
tqnk u gksrsA vxj g+t+jr “kkg vkys eqg+Een fdlh “kjb+Z
otg dh fcuk ij efLtn dh uekt+s cktekv+r esa “kjhd
u gks ikrs rks gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr Q+jekrs fd vkt
eq>s uekt+ dh g+ykor u fey ldhA g+t+jr okfyns
ekftn Hkh nknktku ds csg+n “kSnkbZ Fks] vkidh eqg+Ccr
vius okfyn ls c;ku ugha dh tk ldrhA vki viuh
reke el:fQ+;kr ls gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr dks ck[k+cj
j[krsA** vkils cM+h cM+h djkersa t+kfgj gqbZaA vkids
njckj esa ges”kk Q+d+hjksa vkSj njos”kksa dk etek jgrkA
vkids njckj esa g+kft+j jgus okys lc vQ+jkn v+kfyes
t+kfgjks ckfru FksA vkius ,d cM+h rknkn esa t+:jreanksa
dks f[k+ykQ+r ls uokt+kA
vkids okfyns ekftn us lkfydksa dh rjfc;r
vkids ft+Ees dj nh Fkh] ;g dke vki cM+h [+kwch ds
lkFk vUtke nsrs jgsA g+t+jr g+et+k ,+suh jg+erqYykg
v+ySg rg+jhj Q+jekrs gSa%
g+t+jrs okyk dh rjfc;r dk vUnkt+ ;g Fkk fd
vxj nwljs e”kkb[k+ dk g+kft+jck”k dksbZ ,slk njos”k
vkidh f[k+ner esa g+kft+j gksrk ftlus d+kbns ls jkgs
lqywd r; u dh vkSj vHkh chp jkLrs gh esa Bgjk gqvk gS
;k igys gh d+ne ij g+knl+s dk f”kdkj gS rks g+t+jr
ml “k[+l dks mUgha ot+kbQ+ vkSj vkeky ds t+fj;s
eaft+y ij igq¡pkrs tks igys mlds “ks[k+ us mls crk, Fks

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 22

og njos”k g+Sjku gks tkrk vkSj le>rk fd ;g esjs “ks[k+
dh djker gS fQj vius “ks[k+ ls mldh v+d+hnr vkSj
c<+ tkrhA
,d lkg+c g+t+jr “kkg vkys eqg+Een ds ikl
g+kft+j gq, vkSj Q+jek;k fd g+t+jr eq>s [+kqnk dh ;kn esa
lSjkch ugha gksrhA eSa ;kns bykgh ds tquwu esa jguk pkgrk
gw¡ ysfdu gks ugha ikrkA g+t+jr us Q+jek;k% bldk tokc
ckn esa nsaxsA ;g dgdj [k+kfne dks gqDe gqvk fd budks
gqtjs esa cktjs dh jksVh vkSj eNyh nsdj vkxs ls njokt+k
cUn dj nksA twu dh xehZ Fkh og lkg+c ;g fx+t+k [kkdj
ikuh ds fy;s rM+ius yxs ysfdu njokt+k rks cUn Fkk
fygkt+k rM+irs gh jgs vkf[k+jdkj “kke esa ckgj fudkyk
x;k rc g+t+jr us Q+jek;k% rqedks D;k iwNuk gS\ iwNks!
rc og lkg+c rM+idj cksys% eq>s ikuh pkfg;sA ;g dSlk
fut+ke fd fcuk ikuh ds cUn dj fn;k] eSa I;kl ls rM+i
x;k] gj txg ikuh gh ikuh ut+j vkrk FkkA g+t+jr us
eqLdqjkdj Q+jek;k% vxj bl rM+i ls [+kqnk dks ;kn
fd;k gksrk rks [+kqnk dh ;kn esa Hkh lSjkch gks tkrhA cl!
bu lkg+c dks tokc fey x;kA ;g Fkk lqywdks ekfjQ+r
dh rkyhe dk vkys eqg+Eenh rjhd+k ftlls bUlku dks
eaft+ys ed+lwn feyrh gSA
ekSykuk rqQ+Sy brjkSyoh fcyxzkeh g+kft+js f[k+ner
gq, vkSj pUn ckfruh roTtks ds fy;s rM+ius yxsA yksx
mBkdj [k+kud+kg esa yk,] gkFk iSj dh ekfy”k dh]
l¸;nquk “kkg vkys eqg+Een T+kqgj dh uekt+ cktekv+r
vkSj nwljs ekewykr ls Q+kfjx+ gks pqds rc r”kjhQ+ yk,]
ekSykuk dks mBkdj lhuk eqckjdk ls yxk;k vkSj

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 23

rlYyh nhA vc ekSykuk ds rvL+lqjkr eqykg+t+k dhft;sA
g+t+jr ,+suh jg+erqYykg vySfg Q+jekrs gSa% ekSykuk us vtZ
fd;k% eSa nqfu;k NksM+rk gw¡ vkSj ckd+h m+ez bl vklrkus
ds rys jgdj blh ckjxkg dh [k+kd dks viuh clhjr
o clkjr dk lqjek cukrk gw¡A eSa cgqr ls vkSfy;k
vYykg dh ckjxkg esa g+kft+j gqvk ysfdu tks rfi”ks
b+”d+ ;gk¡ ns[kh og dgha u feyh------vc esjh ;g iqj”kkSd+
vkjT+kw dqcwy dhft;s] m+ez vkf[k+j eaft+y dks igq¡ph] vc
;gh csgrj gS fd ckd+h ft+Unxh bl ckjxkg esa xqt+j
tk,A g+t+jr okfyns ekftn us cgqr fnynkjh dh]
fnyklk fn;k vkSj Qjek;k fd vHkh vki vius Hkkb;ksa ds
bl d+kfQ+ys dks vius oru fcyxzke igq¡pk nsa fQj tc
eSa cqykÅ¡ rc vki vk tk,¡ fQj mUgsa cgqr T+;knk
rlYyh ns fnykdj :[k+lr fd;kA
vkidh “kknh vkids g+d+hd+h ppk “kkg
v+t+erqYykg dh lkg+ct+knh ls gqbZ ftuls g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg g+et+k ,+suh vkSj g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg g+D+d+kuh
jg+erqYykg v+ySfgek vkSj ,d lkg+ct+knh iSnk gqbZaA
vkidh oQ+kr 16 jet+ku 1164 fgtjh esa ekjgjk
“kjhQ+ esa gqbZA lkfg+cqy cjdkr ds jkSt+s ds lkeus ,d
vyx b+ekjr esa vki vkjke Q+jek gSaA
vkids [+kqyQ+k dh rknkn “kqekj ls ckgj gS
vycRrk pUn e”kgwj [+kqyQ+k ds uke ;s gSa%
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg g+et+k ,+suh] g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
eqg+Een g+D+d+kuh] g+t+jr “kkg cqT+kqxZ ekjgjoh] g+t+jr
eq¶+rh tykyqn~nhu] g+t+jr “kkg eqg+Een “kkfdj
jg+erqYykg v+ySfge vteb+ZuA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 24

“kgt+kn, lkfg+cqy cjdkr g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
utkrqYykg **“kkg fe;k¡** jg+erqYykg v+ySg
vki gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr ds NksVs lkg+ct+kns gSaA
25 tqekny vkf[k+j 1117 fgtjh dks fcyxzke esa iSnk gq,
vkSj ogha iys c<+sA
rkyheks rjfc;r vius okfyns ekftn ls g+kfly]
okfyns ekftn ds folky ds ckn vius HkkbZtku dh et+hZ
ls lTtknku”khu Hkh gq, vkSj viuh ljdkj vyx cukbZ
tks **NksVh ljdkj** ds uke ls tkuh tkrh Fkh vkSj mlesa
efLtn o [k+kud+kg Hkh cukbZA
v+Yykek vkt+kn fcyxzkeh fy[krs gSa% **l¸;n
cjdrqYykg ds lkg+ct+kns l¸;n utkrqYykg jg+erqYykg
v+ySg vius vUnj cgqr ls Q+t+kby vkSj dekykr dks tek
djus okys] vPNh v+knrksa ds ekfyd] cM+s v[k+ykd+ okys vkSj
l[k+kor djus okys FksA “kq: ls vkf[k+j rd ev+fjQ+r ds
Qy okfyns ekftn ls ysrs jgs] :g+kuh t+kSd+ ls iwjk fg+Llk
ik;kA l¸;nqy v+kfjQ+hu dh ckjxkg esa [k+r Hkstdj
f[k+ykQ+r ek¡xh] g+t+jr us viuh v+rk ls f[k+ykQ+rukek vkSj
nLrkjs eqckjd ls uokt+kA vkt dy ekjgjk esa fgnk;r dk
>.Mk cqyUn fd;s gq, gSaA fnyksa dks ft+Unk djus esa elhg+k
gSaA vkids yqRQ+ks dje ls VwVs fnyksa dks lqdwu g+kfly gqvkA
vPNh rchv+r vkSj m+Enk t+kSd+ j[krs gSa] vPNh “kk;jh djus
esa egkjr g+kfly gSA bl n;kj dh ,d nqfu;k vkils eqjhn
gksdj Q+kbnk mBk jgh gSA**

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 25

vkidk fudkg+ l¸;n yqRQqYykg fcu l¸;n
dkQ+h dh rhljh lkg+ct+knh ls gqvk ftlls vkids nks
lkg+ct+kns l¸;n “kkg beke m+Q+Z “kkg xnk vkSj l¸;n
“kkg ed+cwy v+kye m+Q+Z “kkg lksa/kk vkSj ,d lkg+ct+knh
cwcw lkfg+ck gqbZa tks vius cM+s ppk ds lkg+ct+kns “kkg
g+D+d+kuh ls eUlwc Fkha exj fudkg+ dh ukScr u vkbZ vkSj
m+ez dks igq¡p dj bfUrd+ky fd;kA
l¸;n beke m+Q+Z “kkg xnk lkg+c vkids cM+s
lkg+ct+kns FksA vkidh foyknr 1138 fgtjh esa gqbZA
vkidk fudkg+ l¸;n v+t+heqn~nhu fcu l¸;n utkcr
fcu l¸;n v+CnqYykg dh csVh ls gqvk vkSj nks lkg+ct+kns
l¸;n “kkg cjdkr c[+”k fHkdkjh lkg+c vkSj l¸;n “kkg
utkr c[+”k Q+d+hj lkg+c iSnk gq,A
l¸;n “kkg ed+cwy v+kye m+Q+Z “kkg lksa/kk vkids
nwljs lkg+ct+kns gSaA foyknr 1140 fgtjh esa gqbZ vkSj
folky 19 “kkcku 1113 fgtjh eas gqvkA vkidk fudkg+
l¸;n eqg+Een ;g+;k fcu l¸;n eqfg+CcqYykg dh rhljh
lkg+ct+knh ls gqvk ftuls ,d lkg+ct+kns l¸;n e[k+new
v+kye I;kjs lkg+c vkSj ,d lkg+ct+knh iSnk gqbZaA
l¸;n “kkg utkrqYykg lkg+c jg+erqYykg v+ySg dk
folky 29 “kkcku 1190 fgtjh esa gqvk vkSj vius cM+s HkkbZ
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys eqg+Een ds igyw esa n¶+u gq,A

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 26

vlknqy v+kfjQ+hu g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
g+et+k **,+suh** ekjgjoh jg+erqYykg v+ySg
g+t+jr vlnqy v+kfjQ+hu l¸;n “kkg g+et+k ,+suh
ekjgjoh jg+erqYykg v+ySg g+t+jr “kkg vkys eqg+Een ds
cM+s lkg+ct+kns FksA vki 14 jchm+L+l+kuh 1131 fgtjh dh
lqcg+ ekjgjk “kjhQ+ esa iSnk gq,A g+t+jr “kkg g+et+k
v+ySfgjZg+ek vius nkSj ds lkfg+cs tyky vkSj Q+T+yks
deky cqT+kqxZ gSaA vkidk “kqekj vius nkSj ds cgqr eqErkt+
v+kfeyksa esa gksrk FkkA nqv+k, lSQ+h tks ,d cgqr gh
tykyh ot+hQ+k gS ml ot+hQ+s ds vki ekfgjhu esa “kqekj
fd;s tkrs FksA ljdkj g+et+k dh og Nqfj;k¡ vkt Hkh
[k+kunkus cjdkr ds rc:Zdkr esa ekStwn gSa ftu ij vki
nqv+k, lSQ+h frykor Q+jekrs FksA
vkidk cpiu vius nknk gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr
dh rjfc;r esa chrkA pkj cjl dh m+ez esa gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy
cjdkr us viuh Vksih eqckjd] lSyh ¼,d rjg dh dej
esa ck¡/kus dh isVh½ vkSj **cM+s fe;k¡** dk f[k+rkc b+uk;r
Q+jek;kA vkius rkyhe vius okfyns ekftn “kElqy
mYek l¸;n eqg+Een ckd+j vkSj “ks[k+ yqn~/kk fcyxzkeh ls
g+kfly dhA
cpiu gh ls t+gkur vkSj djker ds vkl+kj
is”kkuh ij jkS”ku FksA g+t+jr lkfg+cqy cjdkr vkils
[+kqlwlh eqg+Ccr Q+jekrsA okfyns ekftn g+t+jr l¸;nuk
vkys eqg+Een us viuh b+cknrksa ds reke jax vkidks v+rk
Q+jek fn,A

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 27

l¸;n “kkg g+et+k vius okfyn ds uD+”ks d+ne ij
iwjs rkSj ls d+k;e FksA tc lTtknku”khu gq, rks iwjs rkSj
ls [+kqn dks vkys eqg+Eenh jax esa jax fy;k] lkjs ekewykr]
vkeky] v”kx+ky] eqjhnhu vkSj [+kqyQ+k dh rjfc;r lc
dqN vkys eqg+Eenh lhjr dk uewuk FkkA
vki rgTtqn ds cM+s ikcUn Fks blfy;s ,d frgkbZ
jkr ckd+h jgrs gh tkx tkrs vkSj rgTtqn dh uekt+
vnk Q+jekrs fQj ft+Øs [+kqnkoUnh esa yx tkrsA uekt+s
Q+tz dh lqUursa vOoy oD+r esa i<+dj [k+kunkuh ot+hQ+ksa
dh frykor Q+jekrs fQj uekt+s Q+tz ds ckn ckx+ dh
lSj dks r”kjhQ+ ys tkrs] mlds ckn i<+uk i<+kuk]
rkfyckus g+d+ dh ckfruh rjfc;r] T+kqgj ds ckn dqjvkus
g+dhe dh frykor vkSj nqfu;knkjksa dh t+:jrsa iwjh djus
ds flyflys jgrsA b+”kk dh uekt+ ls Q+jkx+r ds ckn
ot+kbQ+ o fonZ njxkgs eqv+Yyk esa vnk Q+jekrs fQj
lqUur ds eqrkfcd+ tYn gh lks tkrsA
vkius cM+s eqf”dy eqtkgns vUtke fn;s ftldh
otg ls lsg+r eqrkfL+l+j gksus yxh vkSj vki et+ksaZ esa
fxj¶+rkj jgus yxsA ;gk¡ rd fd vki ij Q+kfyt ds
vkl+kj uqewnkj gksus yxsA
vki v[k+ykd+s uqcqOor ds iSdj Fks] ljkik vncks
,g+rsjke] rokt+ks vkSj v[k+ykd+ okys] gennZ o x+exqlkj]
nqfu;knkjh ls nwj] b+jQ+kus g+d+ dh eaft+y ls d+jhc]
“kjhv+r ds iklnkj] rjhd+r ds jkt+nkj] ljkik teky]
oQ+k dk uewuk] e[k+ywd+s [+kqnk ds g+ktrjok] lnkd+r]
v+nkyr] “kqtkv+r vkSj l[k+kor ds et+gjA x+jt+ ;g fd

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 28

vYykg ds eg+cwc cUns vkSj brkv+r xqt+kj
oyh&,&dkfey vkSj dqrqcqy vd+rkcA
vki e[k+ywd+s [+kqnk dh f[k+ner djus esa cgqr vkxs
vkxs jgrsA nqfu;k dk rycxkj gks ;k [+kqnk dk] tks
[+kqnk dk rycxkj cudj vk;k mls eaft+y rd igq¡pk;k
x;k] nqfu;k dk rycxkj cudj vk;k mls nqfu;k dh
lgwyrsa c[+”kh xbZaA dkf”kQqy vlrkj ds frCch uqL[k+ksa
vkSj v+efy;kr ds c;ku esa vki txg txg bl ckr dh
rlnhd+ djus okys eat+j ns[ksaxsA frCch uqL[k+s [k+kud+kgs
v+kfy;k esa rS;kj jgrs] t+:jrean g+kft+j gksrs vkSj
djker vkl+kj nok,¡ ysdj :[k+lr gksrsA l[k+kor] v+rk
vkSj v+ke ft+;kQ+r dh lqUur rks vkids [k+kunkus
v+kyh”kku esa lSdM+ksa lky ls tkjh gS ftldks g+t+jr
g+et+k dh t+kr us nks pUn Q+jek;kA g+t+jr lkfg+cqy
cjdkr ds m+lZ eqckjd esa lkS lkS fd+Le ds [kkus rS;kj
gksrs vkSj g+kft+jhu dh f[k+ner esa is”k fd;s tkrsA g+t+jr
,+suh rg+jhj Q+jekrs gSa% **,d lky ,d yk[k pkSarhl
gt+kj vke vkSj csj “kke dks jkst+k bQ+rkj djus ds ckn
m+lZ esa rd+lhe gq,] bj”kkns ckjh *vius jc dh user dk
ppkZ fd;k djks* ds eqrkfcd+ ;g [kkus dh fd+Lesa c;ku
gqbZaA ;g Q+d+hj bj”kkns ckjh rv+kyk *ikdht+k vkSj m+Enk
pht+sa [kkvks* ds t+kfgjh eQ+gwe ij v+ey djrs gq, m+Enk
pht+ksa dk rkfyc jgrk gS vkSj tks Hkh bl ckcs bykgh ij
g+kft+j gksrk gS jksVh ds VqdM+s ls eg+:e ugha ykSVrkA
mEehns x+kfyc gS fd bykgh userksa ls dksbZ [k+kyh u x;k
gksxkA ?kj esa tks dqN gksrk gS og lc ds fy;s gksrk gS]

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 29

Q+d+hj dk ?kj rks vYykg dk ?kj gS ¼tks gj ,d ds fy;s
[kqyk jgrk gS½**
gqT+kwj l¸;n “kkg g+et+k ekjgjk eqrg~gjk ds mu
lkr dqrqcksa esa ,d Fks ftudh c”kkjr lkfg+cqy cjdkr
dks gqbZ ysfdu [+kqn dks ges”kk [+kqnk dh jkg esa pyus
okyk gh le>k tks [k+kl cUnksa dk fg+Llk gqvk djrk gSA
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg g+et+k vius b+Yeks Q+T+y esa
,d jkS”ku g+Sfl+;r j[krs FksA rQ+lhj] g+nhl+] fQ+D+g]
rlOoqQ+] tQ+j] rdlhj] frCc o vnc lHkh dqN vkidh
fQ+Ø esa jkS”ku FksA blds lkFk gh b+Yes lhuk rks vkidk
fg+Llk Fkk ghA vxj fdlh dks l¸;n g+et+k ds b+Yeh
tkSgj dk eqt+kgjk ns[kuk gks rks bu reke m+ywe dk
fupksM+ budh ekfjdrqy vkjk rluhQ+ **dkf”kQ+qy
vlrkj** dk eqrkyv+k djsA g+t+jr g+et+k dks v+ke m+ywe
ds v+ykok mu ukfnj m+ywe esa Hkh deky g+kfly Fkk tks
m+ywes bLykfe;k ds tkuus okyksa dks vtuch vtuch ls
yxrs gSaA g+t+jr dks tQ+j] rdlhj] Q+yfd¸;kr vkSj
vft+Z¸;kr vkSj [+kqlwlu bdlhjlkt+h ds b+Ye esa Hkh
egkjr g+kfly FkhA g+t+jr us b+Yes frCc 12oha lnh
fgtjh ds eqErkt+ g+kft+d+ g+dhe v+rkmYykg v+ySfgjZg+ek
ls g+kfly fd;k ftudks g+t+jr ,+suh ds cd+kSy% **nLrs
elhg+kbZ fcQ+fT+ygh rv+kyk g+kfly Fkk** vkSj ;gh otg
Fkh fd njckjs ,+suh ls ftLekuh o :g+kuh nks Q+kbns
e[k+ywd+s [+kqnk dks igq¡psA
g+t+jr ,+suh dh vnch lykfg+;rsa dSlh jkS”ku Fkha
bldh nyhy muds dyke ls t+kfgj gSA g+t+jr g+et+k us
Q+kjlh T+kqcku esa tks “kk;jh Q+jekbZ mldh lykyr vkSj

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 30

jokuh ns[kus ds d+kfcy gSA d+lhnk x+kSfl+;k mudk ,d
v+t+he “kkgdkj gS ftldh iwjh b+ckjr ljdkjs d+knfj;r
ds v+d+hnreanksa ds fy;s ot+hQ+k dh g+Sfl+;r j[krk gSA
x+kSl+s vkt+e c&eus cs&ljks lkek¡ enns
fd+Cy&,&nha enns] dkc&,&bZek¡ enns
vkidk fudkg+ l¸;n eqg+Een fcyxzkeh dh
lkg+ct+knh n;kur Q+kfrek ls gqvk ftuls vkids rhu
lkg+ct+kns ”kEls ekjgjk l¸;n “kkg vkys vg+en vPNs
fe;k¡] l¸;n “kkg vkys cjdkr lqFkjs fe;k¡] l¸;n “kkg
vkys gqlSu lPps fe;k¡ vkSj ,d lkg+ct+knh l¸;nk
okfQ+;k csxe gqbZaA
14 eqg+jZeqy g+jke 1198 b+Z0 dks g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
g+et+k ,+uh v+ySfgjZg+ek dk folky gqvkA njxkgs
cjdkfr;k ekjgjk ds vUnj iRFkj dh ,d [+kq”kuqek
lgnjh esa vkidk et+kjs eqckjd gSA
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg g+et+k ,+suh v+ySfgjZg+ek ds
[+kqyQ+k esa vkids lkg+ct+knxku vkSj NksVs HkkbZ ds v+ykok
bu g+t+jkr ds uke [k+kl rkSj ls d+kfcys ft+Ø gSa%
g+t+jr “kkg ulh:n~nhu yax] g+t+jr “kkg
fg+¶+T+kqYykg] g+t+jr “kkg jet+kuqYykg] g+t+jr “kkg
jg+heqYykg] g+t+jr “kkg nhnkj v+yh] g+t+jr “kkg
lSQqYykg jg+erqYykg v+ySfge vteb+ZuA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 31

v+kfyes jCckuh cjdkrs l+kuh g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
eqg+EEn g+D+d+kuh jg+erqYykg v+ySg
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg eqg+Een g+D+d+kuh fe;k¡] ljdkjs
dyk¡ g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys eqg+Een ds NksVs lkg+ct+kns
FksA [k+kud+kgh cjdrksa ls ekykeky ?kjkus esa 1145 fgtjh
dh fdlh eqckjd lqcg+ dks ekjgjk “kjhQ+ esa iSnk gq,A
okfyns ekftn] okfynk ekftnk x+uher Q+kfrek vkSj
fcjknjs eqv+T+t+e l¸;n g+et+k tSls ehukj&,&fgnk;r
vkidh rjfc;r] b+Ye dh Q+jkgeh vkSj “kf[+l;r lkt+h
ds fy;s vki ds ikl users [+kqnkoanh ds rkSj ij ekStwn
FksA budh jguqekbZ vkSj “kQ+d+rksa esa vkius [+kqn dks
ltk;k] l¡okjkA dqjvku] g+nhl+] rQ+lhj] mlwys fQ+D+g ds
lkFk reke jkbt Q+uksa dh rkyhe vius cqT+kqxksaZ ls g+kfly
Q+jekbZ ysfdu :g+kuh rjfc;rsa [+kqlwlh rkSj ls vius
okfyns ekftn ls g+kfly dhA vkidks fdrkcsa i<+us dk
cgqr “kkSd+ Fkk ftlds fy;s ?kj dk dqrqc[k+kuk gh dkQ+h
Fkk ftlesa eq[+rfyQ+ b+Yeks Q+u dh gt+kjksa fdrkcsa ekStwn
FkhaA cpiu gh esa okfyn dk folky gks x;k rks lkjh
fuxjkuh vkids cM+s HkkbZ l¸;n “kkg g+et+k gh us
Q+jekbZA vki vius HkkbZ dk fyg+kt+ ,d mLrkn] fuxjk¡
vkSj eqf”kZn dh ekfuUn Q+jekrs FksA
g+t+jr g+D+d+kuh fe;k¡ lkg+c vius ppk dh
lkg+ct+knh ls eUlwc Fks muls fudkg+ u gks ldk rks
vkius lkjh ft+Unxh “kknh u djus dk Q+Slyk Q+jek;kA
g+t+jr “kkg g+D+d+kuh [k+kud+kgh fut+ke ls tqM+s gq, Fks

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 32

blfy;s v+efy;kr vkSj ot+hQ+ksa ds lkFk [k+kud+kgh bUrt+ke
vkSj fuxjkuh esa Hkh [+kqn dks el:Q+ j[krsA ;kns bykgh ls
tks oD+r fey tkrk mlesa v+t+ht+ksa dh [k+cjxhjh] [k+kunkuh
ekeykr dh ns[k js[k] fdrkcksa dk i<+uk] vken [k+pZ dk
fglkc ox+Sjk iwjs rkSj ls eqykg+t+k Q+jekrsA
g+t+jr g+D+d+kuh ds v[k+ykd+ks fdjnkj dk c;ku
djrs gq, g+t+jr vlnqy v+kfjQ+hu l¸;n “kkg g+et+k
,+suh Q+jekrs gSa% **esjk g+d+hd+h HkkbZ “kkg g+Dd+kuh Q+d+hj ls
pkSng lky NksVk gSA g+t+jr okfyns ekftn ds folky ds
oD+r mldh m+ez 20 lky FkhA djheqy v[k+ykd+ gS vkSj
gj “k[+l dh f[k+ner dk tT+ck j[krk gSA g+t+jr okfyns
ekftn ls mls ftu vkeky o v”kx+ky dh btkt+r gS
mu ij ikcUnh ls v+ey djrk gS vkSj e[k+ywd+s [+kqnk ds
lkFk l[k+kor dk ekeyk djrk gSA bl Q+d+hj ls cgqr
fu;kt+eUnkuk is”k vkrk gSA**
vYykg rv+kyk us vkidks [+kqywl dk iSdj cuk;k
FkkA vki [+kqnk ds mu cUnksa esa ls Fks ftudh gj lk¡l
vYykg dh jt+k vkSj vk[k+jr dh fQ+Ø ds fy;s FkhA
[k+kud+kgs v+kfy;k cjdkfr;k ds reke bUrt+keh
ekeykr vkids lqiqnZ jgrs [k+kl rkSj ls rkehjkr dk dke rks
vki gh ds lkFk [k+kl FkkA vki bu dkeksa dks fugk;r
ft+Eesnkjh ls fuHkkrs] ekeykr dk Q+Slyk djrsA flyk jg+eh
vkSj ,d nwljs ds g+d+ dk fygkt+ j[kus esa viuh fel+ky
vki FksA v+t+ht+ks v+d+kfjc Hkh vkidh bl ft+Eesnkjkuk
n;kur dh otg ls vki ij ,rekn fd;k djrs FksA
“kkg g+D+d+kuh v+ySfgjZg+ek dks b+ekjr cukus vkSj
ckx+ yxkus dk cgqr “kkSd+ FkkA cM+s ckx+ dks iDdk bg+krk

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 33

ds lkFk rkehj djk;k] bl ckx+ esa rjg rjg ds Qy
vkSj esos iSnk gksrs FksA
g+t+jr “kkg g+D+d+kuh ds ckjs esa g+t+jr “kQ+sZ
feYyr l¸;n eqg+Een v”kjQ+ fe;k¡ lkg+c fd+Cyk us
g+D+d+kfu;r ij ecuh ,d tqeyk bj”kkn Q+jek;k%
**g+t+jr g+D+d+kuh [k+kunkus cjdkr ds “kkgtgk¡
FksA** [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k dh vDl+j d+nhe b+ekjrsa
g+t+jr g+D+d+kuh dh rkehj djkbZ gqbZ gSaA nhoku[k+kuk
g+osyh lTtknxh] eq[k+rfyQ+ edkukr vkSj cLrh
ihjt+knxku [+kqlwlh rkSj ij rkehj djk,A
g+t+jr “kkg g+D+d+kuh b+Yeks Q+u ds “kukoj Fks vkSj
d+yeh Q+T+yks deky ds ekfydA vkius nks vge d+yeh
;knxkjsa NksM+ha% **b+uk;r jlwy dh**] **ukr jlwy dh**
b+uk;r jlwy dh% 900 lQ+g+kr ij dqjvku g+dhe
dh rQ+lhj vkius lkB lky dh m+ez esa flQ+Z pkj eghus
esa rluhQ+ Q+jekbZA bldh tnhn b”kkv+r g+t+jr vehus
feYYr ds nLrs eqckjd ls gSA
ukr jlwy dh% g+nhl+ksa ds bUr[k+kc **fdrkcqy
v[k+;kj** dk rtqZek gSA blesa 400 g+nhl+sa tek gSaA
“kkg g+D+d+kuh dk folky 17 ft+yfg+Ttk 1201
fgtjh esa tqek ds fnu gqvkA g+t+jr “kkg g+D+d+kuh
[k+kunkus cjdkr ds og cqT+kqxZ gSa ftUgksaus u fdlh dks
eqjhn fd;k] u gh f[k+ykQ+r ls uokt+kA

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P a g e | 34

“kEls feYyrks on~nhu] “kEls ekjgjk l¸;nuk “kkg
vcqy Q+T+y vkys vg+en
gqT+kwj vPNs lkg+c jg+erqYykg v+ySg
fd+Cy&,&ftLeks tk¡ l¸;nh] lunh] vkd+kbZ o
ekSykbZ “kEls ekjgjk gqT+kwj vkys vg+en vPNs fe;k¡ lkg+c
ejgjk “kjhQ+ esa 28 jet+ku 1160 fgtjh esa iSnk gq,A
vki g+t+jr l¸;n g+et+k ds cM+s lkg+ct+kns gSaA rkjh[k+h
uke **lqYrkus e”kkb[k+s tgk¡** gS] vkidks “kEls ekjgjk ds
yd+c ls ;kn fd;k tkrk gSA vki ukbcs x+kSl+] et+gjs
x+kSl+s vkt+e] dqrqfc¸;r dks vkyk ntsZ ij Q+kbt+ cqT+kqxZ
gSaA [k+kuokn&,&cjdkr esa gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk dk ed+ke
o erZck cgqr cqyUn gSA
vkidh iSnkb”k ls igys gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr us
c”kkjr Q+jekbZ fd gekjs [k+kunku esa ,d lkg+ct+ns gksaxs
ftudh jkSud+ ls [k+kunku esa pkj pk¡n yxsaxs vkSj viuk
,d [k+jd+k vkidh nknh dks lqiqnZ Q+jek;kA “kEls ekjgjk
ds nknktku g+t+jr “kkg vkys eqg+Een us mudh
fcfLeYykg ds ekSd+s ij og [k+jd+k e¡xkdj Q+jek;k fd
;g f[k+jd+k bu lkg+ct+kns ds fy;s gS ftudh c”kkjr
g+t+jr okfyns ekftn us nh FkhA
gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ds fy;s dh xbZ c”kkjr v+ey
esa vkbZ] [k+kunkus cjdkr dk uke vkids Q+St+ku ls iwjh
nqfu;k esa jkS”ku gqvkA vkidk Q+St+ku v+jcks vte esa v+ke
gqvk] x+kSl+s vkt+e ds nfj;k&,&d+jnhfj;r ls vkius

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P a g e | 35

vius xqykeksa dks lSjkc fd;kA vkidks viuh t+kfgjh o
ckfruh rkyhe ds lkjs tkSgj vius okfyns ekftn l¸;n
“kkg g+et+k ,+suh ekjgjoh ls g+kfly gq,A Q+Uus frCc
g+dhe ul:Yykg ekjgjoh ls g+kfly fd;kA vkidh
:g+kuh rjfc;r ljdkj x+kSl+s vkt+e us Q+jekbZ] okfyns
ekftn ls cSv+rks f[k+ykQ+r ls ljQ+jkt+ gq,] okfyns
ekftn ds folky ds ckn lTtkn, cjdkfr;k ij jkSud+
vQ+jkst+ gq, vkSj 37 lky rd lTtkn, cjdkfr;k dks
jkSud+ c[+”khA ,d v+kye us ml nkSj esa vkidh t+krs
eqckjd ls Q+St+ku g+kfly fd;kA u tkus fdrus xqejkg
vkSj va/ksjksa esa HkVd jgs yksx vkidh ,d fuxkgs dje ls
lh/kk jkLrk ik x,A
gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk x+kSl+s vkt+e dh uk,cs eqryd+
Fks] vkidh ft+Unxh ds ekewykr ,sls gh Fks tSls x+kSl+s
vkt+e ds uk,c ds gksus pkfg;sA fnu e[k+ywd+s [+kqnk dh
f[k+ner vkSj [k+Sj[+okgh esa xqt+jrk] jkr vius jc dh
ckjxkg esa ltn&,&”kqØ esaA gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ml
nkSj esa tyok vQ+jkst+ Fks tcfd eSnkus b+Yeks v+ey esa
rlOoqQ+ vkSj ev+fjQ+r dh cM+h cM+h gfLr;k¡ r”kjhQ+
j[krh FkhaA “kkg v+Cnqy v+t+ht+ eqg+fn~nl+ nsg~yoh]
jQ+hm+n~nhu eqg+fn~nl+ nsgyoh] d+kt+h l+ukmYykg
ikuhirh] cg+:y m+ywe eqYyk eqg+Een v+yh m+Lekuh ox+Sjk
vkSj buds njfe;ku gekjs vkd+k&,&user gqT+kwj “kEls
ekjgjk ,d vyx igpku j[krs FksA lcdh ut+j vxj
dgha tkdj fVdrh Fkh rks ekjgjk ds “kEls feYyr
on~nhu ijA

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P a g e | 36

gqT+kwj x+kSl+ ikd dh ckjxkg esa vkidh ed+cwfy;r
dh “kku gh fujkyh FkhA vius eqjhnksa ds uke olh;rukes
esa ftl xgjh fulcr o v+d+hnr ds lkFk x+kSl+s vkt+e
dh t+kr esa Q+uk gksus ds tT+cs dks t+kfgj Q+jek;k] og
bl rjg gS%
**;s [k+kunkus cjdkfr;k g+et+fo;k lkr iq”rksa ls
gqT+kwj x+kSl+s vkt+e dk ued [+okj gS fygkt+k x+kSl+s vkt+e
dh xqykeh gjfxt+ u NksM+ks fd nqfu;k o vk[k+jr dh
lykerh blh esa gSA**
blh v+d+hnr dk urhtk Fkk fd x+kSl+s vkt+e us
vius dje ls mUgsa viuk uk,c cuk;kA ljdkjs x+kSl+s
vkt+e dh ,slh b+uk;r gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ij Fkh fd
cgqr ls yksxksa dks [+okc esa c”kkjr gksrh fd vPNs fe;k¡
ls eqjhn gks tkvksA ;gh ugha cx+nkns eqv+Yyk ls [+kqn
vius “kgt+kns dks ckfruh deky g+kfly djus ds fy;s
gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk dh f[k+ner esa Hkst fn;kA ;g ckr
ljdkjs x+kSl+ dh ckjxkg esa gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ds ed+ke
o erZcs dks le>us ds fy;s dkQ+h gSA
[k+kunkus m+Lekuh cnk;w¡ “kjhQ+ ds p”eks fpjkx+
g+t+jr ekSykuk “kkg ,+suqy g+d+ v+Cnqy ethn d+knjh
cnk;wuh jg+erqYykg v+ySg Hkh ljdkjs x+kSl+s vkt+e ds
b”kkjs ij gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk dh ckjxkg esa g+kft+j gq,
vkSj eqjhn gksdj f[k+ykQ+r g+kfly dhA
mudh cSv+r dk okd+;k ;g gqvk fd “kkg ,+suqy
g+d+ jg+erqYykg v+ySg gqT+kwj vPNs lkg+c dh ckjxkg esa
g+kft+j gq, ysfdu cx+Sj cSv+r ¼eqjhn½ gq, ;g dgrs gq,
okil gq, fd **;gk¡ Hkh Å¡ph nqdku vkSj Qhdk idoku

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P a g e | 37

gS** cnk;w¡ “kjhQ+ igq¡pdj g+t+jr lqYrkuqy v+kfjQ+hu cM+s
ljdkj jg+erqYykg v+ySg ds vkLrkus ij vkjke Q+jekus
ds fy;s Bgjs] [+okc esa ns[kk fd ljdkjs cx+nkn dk
njckj ltk gS vkSj x+kSfl+;r evkc us b”kkjk Q+jek;k fd
**,+suqy g+d+ dk gkFk vPNs fe;k¡ ds gkFk esa ns fn;k
tk,A** gqT+kwj “kkg ,+suqy g+d+ Q+kSju gh ekjgjk dh rjQ+
jokuk gq, vkSj gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ds d+neksa esa cs&lk[+rk
fxj iM+sA gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk us eqLdqjkrs gq, Q+jek;k%
fe;k¡! ;gk¡ rks Å¡ph nqdku vkSj Qhdk idoku gSA ysfdu
b”kkjk gks pqdk Fkk fygkt+k cSv+rks f[k+ykQ+r ds lkFk
lkFk viuk lkFk v+rk Q+jek;k fd mlds ckn gqT+kwj “kkg
,+suqy g+d+ lkg+c us vius eqf”kZn dk nj u NksM+k ftldk
buke ;g gqvk fd gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk us Q+jek;k%
d+;ker ds fnu [+kqnk tc iwNsxk fd esjs fy;s D;k yk,
gks\ rks eSa ekSyoh v+Cnqy ethn dks is”k dj nw¡xkA
vQ+t+yqy v+chn vkSj vg+Ccqy [+kqyQ+k tSls yd+c v+rk
Q+jek,A
“kEls ekjgjk dh b+Yeh “kku dk ;g v+kye Fkk fd
ml nkSj ds cM+s e”kkb[k+ vkSj v+kfyes nhu “kjhv+r vkSj
rjhd+r ds eLkys iwNus ds fy;s “kEls ekjgjk dh ckjxkg
esa g+kft+j gksrsA vkl+kjs vg+enh esa ntZ gS fd ,d lkg+c
us cx+nkn “kjhQ+ esa lTtkn, x+kSl+s vkt+e ls v+t+Z fd;k
fd eq>s og+nrqy oqtwn ds eLkys esa dqN bj”kkn Q+jek,¡A
vkius bj”kkn Q+jek;k fd fgUnqLrku esa gekjs ?kj dh
nkSyr rd+lhe gks jgh gS] ogk¡ pys tkvksA ;g lkg+c
lcls igys g+t+jr “kkg v+Cnqy v+t+ht+ eqg+fn~nl+ nsg~yoh
dh ckjxkg esa g+kft+j gq, vkSj viuk eLkyk c;ku fd;k

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P a g e | 38

ysfdu rlYyh u gqbZ rks “kkg lkg+c us Q+jek;k fd
rqEgkjk eLkyk fdlh lkfg+cs g+ky ls g+y gksxk] ekjgjk
pys tkvks ogk¡ gekjs HkkbZ vPNs fe;k¡ rqEgsa rlYyh fnyk
nsaxsA g+t+jr vPNs fe;k¡ ds b+Yes t+kfgj o ckfru dk
vUnkt+k blls yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd “kkg v+Cnqy
v+t+ht+ tSls “kjhv+r vkSj rjhd+r nksuksa dk b+Ye j[kus
okys fdlh eLkys ds g+y ds fy;s gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk dh
ckjxkg esa loky iwNus okys dks Hkst jgs gSaA ;gh ugha
[+kqn gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ds ihj[k+kus dkYih “kjhQ+ ds
lkg+ct+kns l¸;n “kkg [k+Sjkr v+yh d+knjh Hkh vkils
eqjhn gq, vkSj btkt+r g+kfly dhA
vki vius nkSj ds cM+s ekfgj g+dhe Hkh FksA ckrksa
ckrksa esa fdlh ekewyh nok vkSj nj[+r ds iRrksa ls ejht+
dk b+ykt+ Q+jek fn;k djrs FksA ekSyoh eqtkfgnmn~nhu
t+kfdj cnk;wuh vius okfyns ekftn dk okd+;k fy[krs
gq, Qjekrs gSa fd esjs okfyns ekftn dh vk¡[kksa esa l[+r
nnZ “kq: gqvk vkSj ,slk nnZ gqvk fd og rdyhQ+ ls
ph[k+us yxsA rks ml oD+r ekSyoh v+Cnqy ethn dks esjk
g+ky ekywe gqvk rks mUgksaus okfyns ekftn dh rdyhQ+
dks “kEls ekjgjk ls c;ku fd;kA g+t+jr us Q+jek;k fd
gekjh lqjkg+h ls ikuh ys tkvks vkSj /kks nks] vYykg f”kQ+k
nsxkA ekSyoh lkg+c us gqDe dh rkehy dh vkSj vius
gkFk ls mudh vk¡[ksa /kks nha] nnZ Q+kSju dkQwj gqvkA lqcg+
tc g+t+jr dh ckjxkg esa g+kft+j gq, rks g+t+jr ls
Q+jek;k% gqT+kwj vkids fn;s gq, ikuh ls eq>s cgqr vkjke
gqvkA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 39

gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk us cM+h eqg+Ccr ls bj”kkn
Q+jek;k% HkkbZ! ikuh esa dqN cjdr ugha Fkh ;g ekSyoh
v+Cnqy ethn ds gkFk dh cjdr gS] buds gkFkksa esa cgqr
rkl+hj gSA
enhurqy vkSfy;k cnk;w¡ “kjhQ+ ds ckjs esa g+t+jr
dk bj”kkn gqvk **cnk;w¡ gekjh tkxhj gS tks g+t+jr
x+kSfl+;r evkc us v+rk Q+jekbZ gSA**
lcls T+;knk [k+kfne vkSj xqyke Hkh gekjs gekjs
vkd+k vPNs fe;k¡ ds cnk;w¡ esa gh FksA cnk;w¡ “kjhQ+ ij
,slh fuxkgs dje fd+Cy&,&ftLeks tk¡ dh iM+h gS fd
vkt rd vg~ys cnk;w¡ vkys vg+enh [+kqekj esa Mwcs gq, gSaA
jkfd+e ds [k+kunku ds ,d cqT+kqxZ g+t+jr “kEls
ekjgjk ds [k+kl xqykeksa esa Fks] gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ds
folky ds ckn mudks xqnsZ dk nnZ mBk] og gqT+kwj “kEls
ekjgjk ds et+kjs vd+nl ij g+kft+j gq, vkSj v+t+Z is”k
dh fd D;k folky ds ckn vkidh ckjxkg ls gekjh
t+:jr iwjh u gksxh\ et+kj “kjhQ+ ls iqfM+;k v+rk dh
xbZ ftldks mUgksaus vk/kk [kk fy;k vkSj vk/kh vxyh ckj
ds fy;s j[k yh] nnZ tkrk jgkA jkr esa c”kkjr gqbZ fd
;g vk/kh iqfM+;k rqeus gels feyus ds fy;s j[k yh gSA
vxyh ckj tc fQj nnZ gqvk rks d+kt+h lkg+c us ml
iqfM+;k dks [kk;k vkSj bfUrd+ky Q+jek x,A
gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk jkgs lqywd] vkekyks v”kx+ky]
eqjhnksa vkSj Q+d+hjksa dh rjfc;r] e[k+ywd+s [+kqnk dh
t+:jrsa iwjh djus vkSj mudh bLykg+ esa ,sls yxs gq, Fks
fd rluhQ+ks rkyhQ+ dh rjQ+ roTtks ugha Q+jekbZA
**vknkcqLlkfydhu**] **c;kt+s v+ey o ekewy** vkidh nks

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 40

fdrkcsa gSaA vknkcqLlkfydhu gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk dh cM+h
Q+kbnk igq¡pkus okyh fdrkc gS ftlesa jkgs lqywd vkSj
ft+Øks v”kx+ky ij ljdkj vPNs fe;k¡ us eq[+rlj exj
lqywd g+kfly djus okyksa ds fy;s Q+kbnsean xq¶+rxw
Q+jekbZ gSA
**c;kt+s v+ey o ekewy** esa og ot+kbQ+ o
v+efy;kr gSa tks [k+kunkus cjdkr dk ekewy gS mldks
gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk us tek Q+jek;k gSA gqT+kwj “kEls
ekjgjk dk lcls cM+k dkjukek **vkbZu&,&vg+enh** gS
tks “kk;n Q+rkok v+kyexhjh ds ckn lcls cM+k et+gch
bUlkbZDyksihfM;k
gS
ftldks
vkys
vg+en
bUlkbZDyksihfM;k Hkh dg ldrs gSaA **vkbZu&,&vg+enh**
flQ+Z ,d fdrkc ugha cfYd ,d eqdEey dqrqc[k+kus dh
g+Sfl+;r j[krh gSA ml nkSj ds rkjh[k+ fy[kus okys mYek
us **vkbZu&,&vg+enh** dks 33 ftYnksa esa crk;k gSA
gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk us 37 lky rd eluns
cjdkfr;k dks jkSud+ c[+”kh vkSj bu 37 cjlksa esa gt+kjksa
yk[kksa yksxksa us viuh t+kfgjh o ckfruh I;kl cq>kbZ vkSj
vkt Hkh [+kqnk ds gt+kjksa cUns vkids t+fj;s ls Q+St+kus
x+kSl+s vkt+e ls fg+LLkk ik jgs gSaA
d”Q+ks djker vkSj cqyUn fuxkgh dk og v+kye
Fkk fd ,d “k[+l fdlh xk¡o dk gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk dh
ckjxkg esa g+kft+j gqvk] cM+k etek Fkk] fny esa ;g [+;ky
djus yxk fd gqT+kwj dh f[k+ner esa rks lSdM+ksa yksx eqjhn
gksus ds fy;s g+kft+j gksrs gSa rks g+t+jr dks Hkyk D;k ;kn
jgsxk fd ;g gekjk eqjhn gS\ cl! g+t+jr “kEls ekjgjk
us mldks [+kqlwfl;r ls cqyk;k] [k+Sfj;r iwNh] xk¡o dk

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P a g e | 41

g+ky tkuk vkSj bj”kkn Q+jek;k% rqeus vius eos”kh ds
lkFk xk¡o okyksa ds pkSik;s tks taxy esa ys tkrs gks muesa
viuk ijk;k dSls igpku ysrs gks\ mlus v+t+Z fd;k fd
ge xys esa Mksjk Mky nsrs gSaA cl! rHkh Q+jek;k% blh
rjg Q+d+hj Hkh vius xYys dks [+kwc [+kwc igpkurk gS
muds xys esa ,d eqg+Ccr dk Mksjk c¡/kk gksrk gSA vkids
[+kqyQ+k esa vius oD+r ds t¸;n m+yek] Q+qt+yk] Q+qd+jk o
lwfQ+;k vkSj [+kqn muds ihj[k+kus ds cqyUn erZck g+t+jkr
“kkfey gSaA
gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk yksxksa dks ot+hQ+s vkSj vkeky
de crkrs vYykg ds Q+T+y ls flQ+Z T+kqckus vd+nl ls
Q+jek nsrs rks t+:jreanksa dh t+:jr iwjh gks tkrhA
ljdkj “kEls ekjgjk dks tukc x+kSfl+;r evkc ls
,slh v+d+hnr vkSj eqg+Ccr Fkh fd vki vius lxs Hkrhts
g+t+jr “kkg xqyke eqfg+¸;qn~nhu vehj v+kye ls gqT+kwj
x+kSl+s ikd ds uke dh fuLcr fugk;r eqg+Ccr Q+jekrsA
tc g+t+jr nLrj[+oku ij gksrs rks lcls igys g+t+jr
“kkg xqyke eqfg+¸;qn~nhu lkg+c dks f[kykrs vkSj ckn esa
[+kqn [kkrsA
gtjr “kkg xqyke eqfg+¸;qn~nhu vehj v+kye
lkg+c vius eyQwt+kr esa Q+jekrs gSa% ,d erZck g+t+jr
vPNs fe;k¡ lkg+c lTtknk u”khuh ds edku esa rUgk
r”kjhQ+ Q+jek Fks] vUnj tkus dh fdlh dks btkt+r u
FkhA eSa NksVk lk Fkk] [ksyrk gqvk njokt+s rd x;k]
vUnj tkuk pkgk rks [k+kfne us Hkh jksdk ij eSa dgk¡
ekuus okyk] fdokM+ [kksydj tYnh ls vUnj ?kql x;kA
eSaus ns[kk vUnj g+t+jr vPNs fe;k¡ nks cqT+kqxksaZ ls cSBs dqN

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P a g e | 42

ckrsa dj jgs gSaA eSa vkfgLrk vkfgLrk tkdj ihNs ls da/ks
ij p<+ x;kA g+t+jr us ihNs eqM+dj ns[kk vkSj ukjkt+xh
ls dgk% D;ksa vk;k\ eSaus dgk% eSa rqEgkjs da/ks ij p<w¡xkA
;g lqudj g+t+jr g¡ls vkSj og nksuksa cqT+kqxZ Hkh g¡lsA
fQj mu nksuksa us esjs lj ij [+kwc gkFk Qsjk vkSj pys
x,A rc eSaus g+t+jr ls iwNk% ;g dkSu Fks\ g+t+jr us
Q+jek;k fd mu nksuksa esa ,d g+t+jr x+kSlqy vkt+e vkSj
nwljs l¸;n “kkg tyky Fks] ;g gtjkr Q+d+hj dks
uokt+us dks r”kjhQ+ fy;s vk, Fks vkSj vc pys x,A
gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ds rl:ZQ+ vkSj foyk;r dk
v+kye gh fujkyk Fkk vkSj D;ksa u gksrk tc ;g nkSyr
lh/ks x+kSfl+;r evkc v+rk Q+jek jgs gksaA
,d lkg+c flyflys esa nkf[k+y gksus dh x+jt+ ls
g+t+jr vPNs fe;k¡ jg+erqYykg v+ySg dh f[k+ner esa
g+kft+j gq, blh ds lkFk ;g Hkh dg fn;k fd gqT+kwj eqq>
esa ,d l[+r ,+sc gS fd eSa “kjkc ihrk gw¡ vkSj ;g eq>ls
NwV ugha ldrh gSA g+t+jr us dgk% dksbZ g+tZ ugha] vkvks
eqjhn djsa ysfdu gekjs lkeus dHkh u ihukA mUgksaus cgqr
[+kq”kh ls ;g oknk fd;k vkSj g+t+jr us mudks flyfly,
d+knfj;k esa nkf[k+y Q+jek fy;kA okilh esa mUgksaus viuh
d+;kexkg igq¡p dj v+knr ds eqrkfcd+ cksry fxykl
fudkydj “kjkc ihus dk bjknk fd;k rks ns[kk fd
g+t+jr “kEls ekjgjk lkeus gSa vkSj Q+jek jgs gSa% viuk
oknk ;kn djks] eSa lkeus [kM+k gw¡A og lkg+c rks ijs”kku]
tgk¡ tkvks ogk¡ vPNs fe;k¡ lkg+c r”kjhQ+ ys vkrs gSa
fygkt+k mUgsa ;g lw>h fd og ik[k+kus esa pys x, fd
fe;k¡ ;gk¡ ugha vk ldrsA tSls gh ik[k+kus esa cksry

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 43

[kksyh rks ns[kk vPNs fe;k¡ lkeus [kM+s gSaA Q+jek;k% ns[kks!
ge ;gk¡ Hkh vk x,A ;g ns[kuk Fkk fd cksry t+ehu ij
ns ekjh fd fe;k¡ ihNk ugha NksM+saxs fygkt+k rkSck djrk
gw¡A
vkidk fudkg+ l¸;n “kkg xqyke v+yh fcyxzkeh
dh lkg+ct+knh ls gqvkA ,d lkg+ct+kns g+t+jr lkbZa fe;k¡
vkSj ,d lkg+ct+knh iSnk gqbZaA
vkidk folkys eqckjd 17 jchm+y vOoy 1235
fgtjh tqesjkr ds fnu 75 lky dh m+ez “kjhQ+ esa gqvkA
vius tn~ns vkyk g+t+jr “kkg cjdrqYykg ds ck,¡ igyw
esa vkjke Q+jek gSaA
ljdkjs “kEls ekjgjk ds [+kqyQ+k vkSj eqjhnhu fxus
ugha tk ldrsA fgUn] v+jc] :e] “kke] Q+kjl ls [+kqnk ds
gt+kjksa cUns vius [k+kfyd+ dh ryc esa g+kft+j gksrs vkSj
dke;kc tkrsA vkidh t+kr ls f[k+ykQ+r ikus okys pUn
[+kq”kulhc g+t+jkr ;g gSa% g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys
cjdkr lqFkjs fe;k¡ ¼vkids ea>ys HkkbZ½] g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg [k+Sjkr v+yh dkYioh] g+t+jr “kkg ,+suqy g+d+ v+Cnqy
ethn cnk;wuh] g+t+jr ekSykuk fut+keqn~nhu v+Ccklh]
g+t+jr ekSykuk ulh:n~nhu m+Lekuh cnk;wuh] g+t+jr
d+kt+h v+CnqLlyke v+Ccklh] g+t+jr ekSykuk lyker
mYykg d”Q+h ox+Sjk jg+erqYykg v+ySfge vteb+ZuA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 44

fljktqLlkfydhu g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys cjdkr
lqFkjs fe;k¡ lkg+c jg+erqYykg v+ySg
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys cjdkr lqFkjs fe;k¡
lkg+c] gqT+kwj l¸;n “kkg g+et+k ds e¡>ys lkg+ct+kns gSaA
vkidh foyknr 10 jtc 1163 fgtjh esa ekjgjk “kjhQ+
esa gqbZA
okfyns ekftn us vkidh rkyheks rjfc;r
Q+jekbZA nwljs b+Yeks Q+u ds lkFk Q+Uus frCc dh rkyhe
Hkh g+kfly dhA vius okfyns ekftn g+t+jr g+et+k ds
gkFk ij cSr ¼eqjhn½ gq, vkSj f[k+ykQ+r g+kfly dhA
blds v+ykok gqT+kwj vPNs fe;k¡ ls Hkh f[k+ykQ+r g+kfly
FkhA g+t+jr lqFkjs fe;k¡ cgqr de eqjhn Q+jekrs FksA vius
lkg+ct+knksa ds v+ykok flQ+Z dqrqcs Xokfy;j g+t+jr
g+kfQ+t+ ulh:n~nhu v+ySfgjZg+ek dks f[k+ykQ+r v+rk
Q+jekbZA
vkidh Q+t+hyr bl ckr ls t+kfgj gS fd ckjg
lky dh m+ez ls ysdj 90 lky dh m+ez rd vkeky o
fonZ o ot+hQ+k esa yxs jgsA dq+jvkus ikd dh frykor dk
;g g+ky Fkk fd gt+kjksa ugha yk[kksa ckj dq+jvkus ikd
eqdEey Q+jek;kA nqv+k&,&fg+t+sZ ;ekuh yk[kksa ckj i<+hA
g+t+jr lqFkjs fe;k¡ lkg+c viuh “kgknr dh m¡xyh ij
iV~Vh ck¡/ks jgrs] ,d fnu muds NksVs lkg+ct+kns g+t+jr
xqyke eqfg+¸;qn~nhu vehj v+kye us muls iwNk fd vkidh
m¡xyh esa D;k gqvk\ g+t+jr us Qjek;k% dqN ughaA bl

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P a g e | 45

ij vkids lkg+ct+kns us og iV~Vh vkids uk[+kqu ls [khap
yh rks ns[kk fd uk[+kqu ij **vYykg** fy[kk gqvk gSA tc
g+t+jr ds lkg+ct+kns us muls iwNk% ;g dSls gqvk\ rks
bj”kkn Q+jek;k fd gj uekt+ esa tc ;g m¡xyh vYykg
rv+kyk dh og+nkfu;r dh “kgknr nsrh gS rks vxj bl
ij bruk Hkh vl+j u vk, rks fny ij dSls vl+j gksxk\
;g Fkk g+t+jr lqFkjs fe;k¡ dh b+cknr o fj;kt+r dk
v+kyeA
vkidk igyk fudkg+ l¸;n eqg+Een vg+lu lkg+c
dh csVh ls gqvk ftuls l¸;n vkys beke tqEek fe;k¡
iSnk gq,A nwljk fudkg+ ckjcadh ds lknkr esa d+kt+h
l¸;n xqyke “kkg gqlSu lkg+c fcyxzkeh dh lkg+ct+knh
Q+t+y Q+kfrek ls gqvk ftuls [k+kfreqy vdkfcj l¸;n
“kkg vkys jlwy vg+enh] l¸;n “kkg vkSykns jlwy]
l¸;n “kkg xqyke eqfg+¸;qn~nhu vehj v+kye jg+erqYykg
v+ySfgek vkSj ik¡p lkg+ct+kfn;k¡ iSnk gqbZaA
g+t+jr lqFkjs fe;k¡ dk folky 90 lky dh m+ez esa
26 jet+ku] 1251 fgtjh] luhpj ds fnu] T+kqgj ds oD+r
gqvkA folky ls dqN lky igys vkius olh;r dh Fkh
fd eq>s g+t+jr g+et+k vkSj g+t+jr vkys eqg+Een ds
njfe;ku n¶+u fd;k tk,A folky ds ckn tc d+cz
[kksnus dh rS;kjh gqbZ rks ogk¡ bruh txg njfe;ku esa u
Fkh fd d+cz gks ldsA ukpkj nwljh txg d+cz ds fy;s
rS;kj gqbZA tc njxkg esa vkidks n¶+u djus tk gh jgs
Fks fd g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys jlwy ml txg ij x,
tgk¡ g+t+jr lqFkjs fe;k¡ lkg+c us olh;r Q+jekbZ Fkh rks
ns[kk fd mu nksuksa et+kjksa ds chp vPNh [k+klh txg

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P a g e | 46

ekStwn gSA g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys jlwy lkg+c us ;g
djker reke g+kft+jhu dks fn[kkbZ ftlls lkQ+ ekywe
gqvk fd g+t+jr vkys eqg+Een lkg+c dk et+kj viuh
txg ls iwjc dh rjQ+ ljd x;k gS vkSj vius y[+rs
ftxj jkg+rs tku lqFkjs fe;k¡ lkg+c ds fy;s vius vkSj
vius Q+t+ZUn l¸;nuk “kkg g+et+k lkg+c ds njfe;ku esa
txg dj nh gSA g+kft+jhu bl djker dks ns[kdj cgqr
rkTtqc esa iM+s vkSj fQj g+t+jr lqFkjs fe;k¡ lkg+c
jg+erqYykg v+ySg g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg g+et+k vkSj g+t+jr
l¸;n “kkg vkys eqg+Een jg+erqYykg v+ySfgek ds et+kj
ds njfe;ku n¶+u fd;s x,A
g+t+jr lqFkjs fe;k¡ lkg+c us [k+kunku ls ckgj
cgqr de yksxksa dks f[k+ykQ+r ls uokt+k blfy;s nhxj
e”kkb[k+ dh cfuLcr vkids [+kqyQ+k dh rknkn de gSA
vkids [+kqyQ+k esa g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys jlwy vg+enh]
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkSykns jlwy] g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
xqyke eqfg+¸;qn~nhu vehj v+kye vkSj g+kfQ+t+ ulh:n~nhu
jg+erqYykg v+ySfge vteb+Zu ds uke feyrs gSaA

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P a g e | 47

bekeqy okflyhu [k+kfreqy vdkfcj g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg vkys jlwy vg+enh jg+erqYykg v+ySg
vki g+t+jr lqFkjs fe;k¡ lkg+c ds ea>ys lkg+ct+kns
gSaA vkidh foyknr jtc 1209 fgtjh ¼1795 bZ0½ esa
ekjgjk “kjhQ+ esa gqbZA vki gekjs vkd+k&,&user gqT+kwj
“kEls ekjgjk ds pgsrs] ykMys vkSj eg+cwc eqjhn]
[k+yhQ+&,&vkt+e o tku”khu FksA vius okfyns ekftn
ls Hkh btkt+r o f[k+ykQ+r FkhA g+t+jr vPNs fe;k¡ lkg+c
ds gqDe ij vkius ml nkSj ds t¸;n v+kfyeksa vkSj
dkfeyksa ls lun vkSj btkt+r g+kfly Q+jekbZA bfCrknkbZ
rkyhe g+t+jr “kkg ,+suqy g+d+ lkg+c ls g+kfly dh fQj
ekSykuk lykerqYykg d”Q+h vkSj ekSykuk v+Cnqy oklsv+
lSnuiqjh] ekSykuk uw:y g+d+ y[kuoh ox+Sjk ls rkyhe
g+kfly dhA g+nhl+ dh fdrkcsa g+t+jr “kkg v+Cnqy v+t+ht+
eqg+fn~nl+ nsg~yoh ls i<+haA fljkts feYyr g+t+jr “kkg
v+Cnqy v+t+ht+ us vkidks luns g+nhl+ vkSj cgqr ls
vkeky dh btkt+r Hkh v+rk Q+jekbZA ekSykuk “kkg
fu;kt+ Q+[k+jh cjsyoh us Hkh vkidks luns b+Yes g+nhl+
v+rk Q+jekbZA b+Yes frCc g+dhe Q+t+ZUn v+yh lkg+c
eksgkuh ls g+kfly fd;kA
g+t+jr [k+kfreqy vdkfcj ds vkSlkQ+ vkSj
v[k+ykd+ cgqr cqyUn FksA l[k+kor] Q+¸;kt+h] esgeku
uokt+h] tT+c&,&bZl+kj] f[k+ners [k+Yd+] mYek o e”kkb[k+
dh b+T+t+r o rkSd+hj tSlh v+t+he v+knrsa vkidh t+kr esa

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P a g e | 48

ekStwn FkhaA vius okfyn ds folky ds ckn eluns
cjdkfr;k vkys vg+efn;k ij tyok vQ+jkst+ gq,] vki
vius rkSj rjhd+ksa esa vius eqf”kZn gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ds
lPps tku”khu Fks] ges”kk fyckls njos”kkuk esa jgrs]
t+:jreanksa dks Hkh lqywd dk ogh v+ey vkSj rjhd+k
crkrs tks ucoh g+nhl+s ikd ls l+kfcr gSA ekeykr esa
u¶+l ls cst+kjh tks vkids ;gk¡ Fkh og cgqr nq”okj dke
gSA vius okfyn ds folky ds ckn lkjs rc:Zdkr vius
Hkkb;ksa dks ns fn;s mlesa ls dksbZ fg+Llk u fy;kA vius
t+krh eky dks njxkg o [k+kud+kg esa [k+pZ Q+jek nsrsA
njxkg dh bfUrt+kfe;k desVh vkids e”ojs ls gh d+k,e
gqbZA enjlk] edkukr] mYek o Q+qd+jk ds fy;s gqtjs
rkehj djk,A beke] eqvfT+t+u vkSj njxkg dk fg+lkc
j[kus ds fy;s fg+lkc djus okyk j[kk] njxkg ds
ekeykr] m+lZ dk bfUrt+ke] esgekunkjh lc g+t+jr [+kqn
Q+jekrsA m+lZ cgqr lknk rjhd+s ls eqUv+fd+n djrs] ukr]
eUd+cr] [k+Res dqjvku] nykbyqy [k+Sjkr vkSj yaxj gh
ij m+lZ gksrkA Q+qT+kwy pht+ksa ls gqT+kwj [k+kfreqy vdkfcj
dks cgqr ijgst+ FkkA fdlh dk Hkh “kjhv+r dh g+n ls
vkxs c<+uk dHkh xokjk ugha Q+jek;kA jkst+ vkids ;gk¡
g+yd+, ft+Ø gksrk] reke v+eyk tekv+r ds lkFk uekt+
esa g+kft+j gksrk] Q+qd+jk rgTtqn esa Hkh g+kft+j jgrsA vki
uekt+ esa ges”kk eqD+rnh jgrs] dHkh Hkh beke u curs FksA
v+kftt+h vkSj u¶+l ds deky dk ;g v+kye Fkk fd
vius lkg+ct+knxku dks vius ?kj dh reke cjdrksa ds
ckoqtnw [k+qyQ+k&,&[k+kunku ls Hkh btkt+r vkSj
f[k+ykQ+r fnyokbZA tc vkids lkg+ct+kns l¸;n “kkg

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P a g e | 49

tgwj g+lu us lqywd dks iwjk Q+jek fy;k rks gqDe gqvk
fd rqEgkjs ?kj dh cM+h nkSyr ekSykuk v+Cnqy ethn
lkg+c ds ikl gS] tkvks vkSj fg+Llk ys yksA g+t+jr
ekSykuk us lkg+ct+kns dk “kgj ls ckgj vkdj bLrd+cky
fd;k vkSj mlh jkr g+t+jr “kkg ,+suqy g+d+ lkg+c] l¸;n
T+kqgwj g+lu cM+s fe;k¡ v+ySfgjZg+ek ds gqtjs ds ckgj iwjh
jkr [kM+s jgs tc Q+tz ds oD+r lkg+ct+kns ckgj fudys
rks ns[kk fd ekSykuk “kkg ,+suqy g+d+ gkFk ck¡/ks [kM+s gSaA
lkg+ct+kns us bl rdyhQ+ dk lcc iwNk rks ekSykuk us
og tokc fn;k fd ,slk bt+gkjs eqg+Ccr vkt ds nkSj esa
eqf”dy gSA ekSykuk v+Cnqy ethn lkg+c us Q+jek;k%
**;gh user rks vkids ?kj ls yk;k gw¡ vkSj eq>dks
;gh gqDe gSA vy&g+Enq fyYykg! vkidk lqywd eqdEey
gqvk ftlds fy;s vki cnk;w¡ vk, FksA jkgs njos”kh esa
vnc] eqg+CCr] xq:j dks NksM+uk t+:jh gS] vc vki
r”kjhQ+ ys tkb;sA** ;g dg dj luns f[k+ykQ+r o
btkt+r v+rk Q+jekbZA
,d jkst+ [k+kfne dks g+t+jr lkg+c dk gqDe gqvk
fd tkvks ckgj ns[kks ekSykuk ,+suqy g+d+ r”kjhQ+ yk, gSaA
[k+kfne us dgk% g+t+jr og rks vHkh x, gSaA vc dSls\ rks
Q+jek;k% ns[kks vkSj cqyk ykvksA [k+kfne us ckgj ns[kk rks
ekSykuk dk lkeku mrkjk tk jgk FkkA [k+kfne us ekSykuk
dks tc g+t+jr lkg+c dk iSx+ke fn;k rc ekSykuk lkg+c
Q+kSju g+t+jr lkg+c ds ikl r”kjhQ+ ys vk,A g+t+jr
lkg+c us bj”kkn Q+jek;k fd **HkkbZ rqe [+kwc vk x,]
gekjk fny Fkk fd l¸;n t+gwj gqlSu NqV~Vw fe;k¡ dks Hkh
rqels btkt+r fnyok nsaA** ekSykuk us Q+jek;k% tks gqDe

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P a g e | 50

gksA mlh oD+r dkx+t+ d+ye e¡xokdj btkt+r fnyokbZA
vius uoklksa g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg gqlSu g+Snj vkSj g+t+jr
l¸;n “kkg t+gwj g+Snj dks i<+us ds fy;s enjlk v+kfy;k
d+kfnjh;k cnk;w¡ “kjhQ+ HkstkA vius iksrs gqT+kwj iqjuwj
vkd+kbZ o ekSykbZ ljdkj uwjh fe;k¡ lkg+c fd+Cyk ls ,d
jkst+ Q+jek;k fd **ge cq<+kis dh otg ls fdrkcsa Hkwy
x,] ekSykuk v+Cnqy d+kfnj dk b+Ye rkt+k gS] og gekjk
[k+kl ?kj gS] eq>s cj[+kqjnkj ekSykuk v+Cnqy d+kfnj dh
n;kur vkSj rd+os ij iwjk ;d+hu gS] rqe “kjhv+r vkSj
rjhd+r ds elkby ij muls e”kojk dj fy;k djksA**
ljdkjs uwjh fe;k¡ fljktqy v+okfjQ+ esa vius nknk
o eqf”kZn ds Q+t+kby esa rg+jhj Q+jekrs gSa%
**;gk¡ vius eqf”kZn dk okd+;k fy[krk gw¡ fd bl
eLkys ij jks”kuh iM+sxhA vkids ,d eqjhn eqt+¶+Q+j
v+yoh cjsyoh dgrs gSa fd ,d jkr bfLrUtk ds fy;s
mBk vkSj rgkjr ds fy;s ikuh ysus vius gqtjs ls ckgj
vk;k rks D;k ns[krk gw¡ fd njxkgs eqv+Yyk esa cqT+kqxksaZ dk
cM+k dl+hj etek gS tSls m+lZ dk fnu gks vkSj lkfg+cqy
cjdkr ds ikbZa nkyku esa tokfgjkr dk tM+kÅ r[+r
fcNk gS vkSj mlds pkjksa rjQ+ vdkfcj vkSfy;k cSBs gSaA
dqN nsj ckn D;k ns[krk gw¡ fd gekjs g+t+jr ihjks eqf”kZn
¼”kkg vkys jlwy½ dks “kkgkuk fyckls Q+kf[k+jk iguk,
vkSj lj ij rkt j[ks nks cqT+kqxZ cx+y esa gkFk Mkys gq,
yk, vkSj r[+r ij fcBk;kA reke yksx rkt+he ds fy;s
[kM+s gks x, vkSj g+t+jr dh is”kkuh ij ckslk fn;kA ;g
lc dqN ns[kdj g+Sjr t+nk gksdj ,d vUnq:uh t+hus ds
uhps [kM+k gks x;k] mlds ckn reke g+t+jkr vUnj pys

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P a g e | 51

x, vkSj x+k;c gks x, fQj eSa vius gqtjs esa vk x;kA
;g ektjk ns[kdj eq>s lkjh jkr uhan ugha vkbZ] lqcg+
efLtn esa g+kft+j gqvk vkSj gqT+kwj ihjks eqf”kZn ds ihNs
uekt+s cktekr vnk dh vkSj fQj ;g g+ky v+t+Z djds
ml ed+ke dh dSfQ+;r nj;k¶+r djus yxkA igys rks
Q+jek;k% rqeus [+okc ns[kk gksxk vkSj [+okc dh ckrksa dk
D;k ,rckj gS\ tc eSaus bljkj fd;k rks ckfnys
u[+okLrk Q+jek;k fd [k+keks”k jgks] bl ckjs esa dksbZ ckr
u dgksA eSa mlh oD+r [k+keks”k gks x;kA vYykg vYykg!
D;k inkZnkjh Fkh fd dHkh b”kkjksa vkSj duk;ksa esa Hkh
bldk rt+fdjk ugha fd;k g+kyk¡fd ;g ed+ke **ed+kes
dqrqfc;r** gS vkSj gqT+kwjs okyk dks ekjgjk dh f[k+ner
lqiqnZ FkhA ml fnu ds ckn ls oQ+kr “kjhQ+ rd vki
ekjgjk ls ckgj ugha x, vkSj lSdM+ksa djkersa vki ls
t+kfgj gqbZaA
vius xqykeksa dks uokt+us dk v+kye gh fujkyk
FkkA bldk iwNuk gh D;k\ g+t+jr [k+kfreqy vdkfcj ds
folky ds ckn jkfd+e ds [k+kunku ds pkj cqT+kqxZ vkLrkus
ij g+kft+j gq,A bl ekSd+s ij g+t+jr ds uokls l¸;n
“kkg vehj v+kye [k+jd+kuh fe;k¡ r”kjhQ+ j[krs FksA
Q+kfrg+k ds ckn d+kt+h xqyke “kCcj lkg+c us v+t+Z fd;k%
**lkg+ct+kns! vxj dksbZ rg+jhj g+t+jr lkg+c dh gks rks
rc:Zd ds rkSj ij v+rk Q+jek nsaA** lkg+ct+kns us
Q+jek;k% vOoy rks nknk g+t+jr dksbZ uD+”k rg+jhj ugha
Q+jekrs Fks] dksbZ cgqr ft+n djrk rHkh fn;k djrs Fks] tks
dqN Fkk og vkSyknksa us rd+lhe dj fy;kA** ;g
Q+jekdj lkg+ct+kns lkg+c us ,d NksVk lk lanwd+pk esjs

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P a g e | 52

cqT+kqxksaZ dk lqiqnZ fd;kA tc mUgksaus ml lanwd+ps dk
tkbt+k fy;k rks ns[kk **,d [kkus esa pkj ipsZ gSa** vkids
uokls us bl ckr ij g+Sjr dh fd eSaus rks ryk”k [+kwc
fd;k rc rks dqN Hkh u fudyk ;g flQ+Z nknk g+t+jr
dk dje vkSj djker gh gS tks vc ;g fudy vk;kA
ge yksxksa us ,d ,d ipkZ pkjksa esa rd+lhe fd;k vkSj
okil vk x,A ;g gS ge xqykeksa ij folky ds ckn
vkd+kvksa dh esgjckuhA mlh jkst+ viuh csVh ;kuh gekjh
cwcw lkfg+ck dks ft+;kjr viuh djkbZ vkSj bj”kkn
Q+jek;k% cnk;w¡ ls gekjs cPps ijs”kku vk, gSa] rqe cqykdj
rlYyh nksA
l[k+kor o v+rk dk v+kye fujkyk Fkk dksbZ Hkh
esgeku u;k vkrk rks rgTtqn esa ;k eqjkd+cs esa irk dj
ysrs vkSj viuh choh lkfg+ck ls Q+jekrs fd ,d v+t+ht+
usdfny vk;k gS] mls t+jk [k+kl rkSj ij [kkuk ns nksA
dHkh dHkh eqlkfQ+j [kkus ds cjru Hkh lkFk ys tkrs
ysfdu g+t+jr lkg+c [k+Q+k u gksrs cfYd viuh djhekuk
jfo”k ij gh d+k,e jgrsA
vkidk fudkg+ g+t+jr l¸;n eqUr[k+c gqlSu lkkg+c
dh lkg+ct+knh l¸;nk ful+kj Q+kfrek ls gqvk ftuls
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg t+gwj g+lu cM+s fe;k¡] g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg t+gwj gqlSu NksVs fe;k¡ vkSj rhu lkg+ct+kfn;k¡ nqfu;k
esa r”kjhQ+ ykbZaA
djkekrsa bl ntsZ dh Fkha fd g+t+jr dk folkys
eqckjd 18 ft+yfg+Ttk] 1296 fgtjh esa cq/k ds jkst+
ekjgjk “kjhQ+ esa gqvkA njxkgs cjdkfr;k esa vius tn~ns
cqT+kqxZokj “kkg g+et+k ,+suh ds ljgkus vkidh vkf[k+jh

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 53

vkjkexkg gSA g+t+jr folkys eqckjd ds ckn Hkh vki
viuh djkekrsa t+kfgj Q+jekrs jgsA tc mudks d+cz esa
j[kk tkus yxk rks mUgksaus ik¡o lesV fy;s] v+tc gh
eUt+j Fkk fd ckj ckj g+t+jr lkg+c ds ik¡o Bhd fd;s
tkrs] g+t+jr lkg+c lesV ysrsA vkf[k+j yksxksa dh le> esa
vk;k fd pw¡fd muds iSj muds nknk “kkg g+et+k ds
fljgkus dh rjQ+ gks jgs gSa fygkt+k g+t+jr ,g+rsjke esa
iSj lh/ks ugha dj jgs gSaA Q+kSju gh g+t+jr “kkg g+et+k ds
ljgkus nhokj [kM+h dh xbZ rc g+t+jr lkg+c dks lqiqnsZ
et+kj fd;k x;kA g+t+jr lkg+c ds ycs eqckjd Hkh
folky ds ckn fgyrs jgs vkSj vius [k+kfyd+ dh rLchg+
¼ikdh c;ku½ djrs jgsA rc g+kft+jhu us v+tZ+ fd;k fd
gqT+kwj nsj gks jgh gSA cl ;g dgrs ycksa esa g+jdr cUn
gks xbZ vkSj g+t+jr dks lqiqnsZ et+kj fd;k x;kA
g+t+jr [k+kfreqy vdkfcj ds [+kqyQ+k ,d ls ,d
lkfg+cs Q+T+yks deky Fks ysfdu tks ed+ke vkyk g+t+jr
beke vg+en jt+k [k+k¡ Q+kft+ys cjsyoh dks g+kfly gqvk
og lcls eqErkt+A [k+kfreqy vdkfcj us igyh gh ut+j
esa p”eks fpjkx+s [k+kunkus cjdkr dk bfUr[k+kc Q+jekdj
eqjhn fd;k vkSj f[k+ykQ+r v+rk Q+jekbZ vkSj ,slk uokt+k
fd beke vg+en jt+k **jt+k&,&vkys jlwy** gks x,A
lqfUu;r dk v+ye beke vg+en jt+k ds gkFk esa ljdkj
vkys jlwy us fn;k vkSj lqcg+s d+;ker rd beke vg+en
jt+k dks eksrcj vkSj eqLrun Q+jek fn;kA ;g nqv+k,
vkys jlwy gh rks Fkh fd 22 lky ds vg+en jt+k
eqtfn~nns oD+r vkSj v+kf”kd+s jlwy ds ntsZ ij Q+kbt+ gq,
vkSj bldk ,frjkQ+ Hkh beke vg+en jt+k us [+kwc fd;kA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 54

dSls vkd+kvksa dk cUnk gw¡ jt+k
cksy ckys esjh ljdkjksa ds
gqT+kwj vkyk g+t+jr ds v+ykok ljdkjs uwj g+t+jr
l¸;n “kkg vcqy gqlSu vg+ens uwjh] g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
bLekb+Zy g+lu] g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vehj v+kye lkg+c]
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg v+yh gqlSu v”kjQ+h dNkSNoh] g+t+jr
v+Yykek ud+h v+yh [k+ku lkg+c ¼vkyk g+t+jr ds okfyns
ekftn½ [k+kl rkSj ls d+kfcys ft+Ø gSaA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 55

l¸;nqy v+kfcnhu g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
vkSykns jlwy jg+erqYykg v+ySg
l¸;nqy v+kfcnhu g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkSykns
jlwy lkg+c jg+erqYykg v+ySg g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys
cjdkr lqFkjs fe;k¡ lkg+c ds rhljs lkg+ct+kns FksA iUnzg
“kkcku 1212 fgtjh dks iSnk gq,A vkidh ijofj”k]
rkyhe vkSj rjfc;r gqT+kwj vPNs fe;k¡ us [+kqn Q+jekbZA
cSv+rks f[k+ykQ+r vkidks gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ls gSA vkidk
v+D+n ehj lv+knr v+yh bCus l¸;n eqUr[k+c gqlSu dh
lkg+ct+knh dqnjr Q+kfrek ls gqvkA pkj lkg+ct+kns “kkg
eqg+Een lkfnd+] “kkg eqg+Een tkQ+j] eqg+Een ckd+j] “kkg
eqg+Een v+ldjh vkSj pkj lkg+ct+kfn;k¡ vkSykns Q+kfrek]
x+uher] eqfg+Cc Q+kfrek vkSj [k+krwu Q+kfrek ft+Unk jghaA
gqT+kwj vPNs fe;k¡ lkg+c us vkidks viuh reke fefYd;r
v+rk Q+jekbZ] vius ckx+kr Hkh g+t+jrs “kEls ekjgjk us
vkidks v+rk Q+jek fn;sA vius okfyns ekftn ds folky
ds ckn vius nksuksa Hkkb;ksa g+t+jr “kkg vkys jlwy vkSj
g+t+jr “kkg xqyke eqfg+¸;qn~nhu lkg+c ds ikl lTtkn,
cjdkfr;k ij jkSud+ vQ+jkst+ gq,A g+t+jrs okyk dks Q+Uus
rdlhj vkSj :g+kfu;r o lYcs vejkt+ esa egkjr g+kfly
Fkh] Q+Uus frCc vius okfyns ekftn ls lh[kkA pUn
jlkby [k+kunku g+kykr ij o ehykns eqckjd ds c;ku
esa Hkh vkius jd+e Q+jek, gSaA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 56

26 jchm+L+l+kuh 1268 fgtjh dks ekjgjk esa
bfUrd+ky Q+jek;kA njxkgs cjdkfr;k esa g+t+jr “kkg
g+et+k ds ik,rha et+kjs eqckjd gSA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 57

“kElqy m+jQ+k fljktqy dqeyk
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg xqyke eqfg+¸;nqn~nhu
vehj v+kye jg+erqYykg v+ySg
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg xqyke eqfg+¸;qn~nhu vehj
v+kye jg+erqYykg v+ySg g+t+jr g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg lqFkjs
fe;k¡ lkg+c ds NksVs lkg+ct+kns gSaA 1223 fgtjh esa iSnk
gq,] vki vius rk;k “kkg gqT+kwj vPNs fe;k¡ lkg+c ds cM+s
eUT+kwjs ut+j FksA bfCrnkbZ rkyhe ekSykuk “kkg v+Cnqy
ethn lkg+c cnk;wuh vkSj ekSyoh “kkg lykerqYykg
d”Q+h ls g+kfly dhA ckfruh m+ywe dh rdehy vius
ppk gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk vkSj okfyns ekftn ls dhA cSr
okfyns ekftn ls FksA f[k+ykQ+r o btkt+r gqT+kwj vPNs
fe;k¡ lkg+c vkSj gqT+kwj lqFkjs fe;k¡ lkg+c nksuksa ls g+kfly
FkhA vius okfyns ekftn ds folky ds ckn vius nksuksa
g+d+hd+h HkkbZ;ksa “kkg vkys jlwy vg+enh vkSj “kkg vkSykns
jlwy ds lkFk lTtkn&,&x+kSfl+;k vkys vg+efn;k ij
tyok vQ+jkst+ gq,A g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg xqyke
eqfg+¸;qn~nhu vehj v+kye uokc ot+hj okyh&,&vo/k ds
;gk¡ uk,c ot+hj FksA bl eUlc ds ckoqtwn ft+Øs
[+kqnkoUnh o ot+kbQ+ ds ikcUn Fks] dHkh b+cknr esa dksbZ
ukx+k u gksrkA Q+us rdlhj esa deky dk gquj j[krs FksA
vkidk fudkg+ l¸;n lv+knr v+yh lkg+c bCus
l¸;n eqUr[k+c gqlSu lkg+c fcyxzkeh dh lkg+ct+knh
n;kur Q+kfrek ls fcyxzke esa gqvkA rhu lkg+ct+knxku
“kkg uw:y g+qlSu] “kkg uw:y g+lu vkSj “kkg uw:y
eqLrQ+k vkSj ,d lkg+ct+knh ldhuk Q+kfrek csxe FkhaA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 58

g+t+jr dk folky 5 “kkcku 1286 fgtjh cq/k ds
jkst+ y[kuÅ esa gqvkA olh;r ds eqrkfcd+ ekjgjk esa
rnQ+hu gqbZA
vkids [+kqyQ+k esa flQ+Z nks yksxksa ds uke gesa
nLr;kc gks lds vkSj oks ;g gSa%
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg eqg+Een lkfnd+ vkSj g+t+jr
l¸;n “kkg bLekb+Zy g+lu “kkg th fe;k¡ ¼lkfg+cs m+lsZ
d+kleh½ jg+erqYykg v+ySfgekA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 59

[k+kfreqy vlykQ+ g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
eqg+Een lkfnd+ jg+erqYykg v+ySg
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg eqg+Een lkfnd+ jg+erqYykg
v+ySg gqT+kwj l¸;n “kkg vkSykns jlwy ds cM+s lkg+ct+kns
FksA 7 jet+ku 1248 fgtjh dks iSnk gq,A rjfc;r o
rkyhe vius okfyns ekftn ls ikbZA cSv+r o f[k+ykQ+r
vius ppk tku l¸;n “kkg xqyke eqfg+¸;nhu vehj
v+kye jg+erqYykg v+ySg ls FkhA vius rkÅ gqT+kwj
[k+kfreqy vdkfcj vkSj okfyns ekftn flyfly,
d+knfj;k cjdkfr;k esa btkt+rks f[k+ykQ+r FkhA vius
cqT+kqxksaZ ds t+kfgjh o ckfruh dekykr ds lPps okfjl+ FksA
gks”k laHkkyus ls ysdj vkf[k+jh m+ez rd oD+r dh ikcUnh
vkSj [k+kunkuh ekewykr dHkh ukx+k u gksus fn;sA Q+Uus
frCc vius okfyns ekftn vkSj rk;k eqdjZe l¸;n “kkg
vkys jlwy lkg+c ls vkSj dqN rkyhes frc g+t+jr
lSQqYykfgy elywy g+t+jr v+Yykek “kkg Q+T+ys jlwy
lkg+c cnk;wuh ls g+kfly dhA lhrkiqj esas rd+jhcu 45
cjl rd vkius d+;ke Q+jek;kA
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg eqg+Een lkfnd+ dh ft+Unxh esa
muds nhuh nqfu;koh dkjukeksa dh ,d yEch Q+sgfjLr gSA
vkidks rkehjkr dk cgqr “kkSd+ Fkk] [k+kldj ihus ds ikuh
ds fy;s cgqr dq,¡ [kqnok;k djrs FksA lkFk gh t+ehuksa dks
Q+ly ds fy;s ikuh nsus ds okLrs cgqr dq,¡ cuok,A
cgqr ls ckx+ yxk,] cgqr lh tk;nknsa ubZ [k+jhnhaA
lhrkiqj esa vkius edkukr [k+jhns] ekjgjk “kjhQ+ esa
eg+yljk; g+osyh lTtknxh u, fljs ls rkehj djkbZ]

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 60

njxkg “kjhQ+ o [k+kud+kg dh cgqr lh ejEersa djkbZaA
g+t+jr l¸;n eqg+Een lkfnd+ ds lkg+ct+kns g+t+jr
bLekb+Zy g+lu lkg+c us tc dqjvku fg+¶+t+ dj fy;k rks
bl [+kq”kh esa muds okfyns ekftn us “kqdjkus ds rkSj ij
,d [+kwclwjr v+kyh”kku efLtn rkehj djkbZ tks vkt Hkh
nwj nwj rd e”kgwj gSA
vkius nhuh dqrqc dh b”kkv+r ds fy;s **ercv
lqcg+s lkfnd+** lhrkiqj esa d+k;e fd;k ftlus et+gch
vkSj elydh fdrkcksa dh b”kkv+r esa vge fdjnkj vnk
fd;kA vki lwjr o lhjr esa vius vtnkn dk uewuk Fks]
cgqr lknk o ueZ fet+kt] x+yfr;ksa dks njxqt+j djus
okysA reke nkSyr] gqdwer] bfD+rnkj] b+Ye ds g+kfly
gksus ds ckoqtwn njos”kkuk vkSj Q+d+hjkuk fet+kt ik;k
FkkA g+kfdeksa vkSj vehjksa ls cgqr nwjh cukdj j[krsA gj
oD+r x+jhcksa vkSj feLdhuksa dks vius vkl ikl ikdj [+kq”k
gqvk djrs FksA
vkidk fudkg+ vius ppk o eqf”kZn g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg xqyke eqfg+¸;nhu dh lkg+ct+knh ldhuk csxe ls
gqvkA nks lkg+ct+kns g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vcqy d+kfle
eqg+Een bLekb+Zy g+lu “kkg th fe;k¡ vkSj l¸;n “kkg
vcqy dkft+e eqg+Een bnjhl g+lu lqFkjs fe;k¡ vkSj ik¡p
lkg+ct+kfn;k benkn Q+kfrek g+Snjh csxe] rqQ+Sy Q+kfrek
vcjkj csxe] ,g+fr”kke Q+kfrek lf;;nk csxe] mEeqy
Q+kfrek vkSj vut+kj Q+kfrek FkhaA
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg dk eqg+Een lkfnd+ dk folky
tqesjkr dh jkr 24 “kOoky 1326 fgtjh esa lhrkiqj esa
gqvkA et+kjs eqckjd lhrkiqj esa gSA g+ky gh esa g+t+jr

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 61

vehus feYyr us njxkg “kjhQ+ dks u, fljs ls rkehj
djk;k gSA
vkids [+kqyQ+k esa flQ+Z nks “kf[+l¸;kr ds uke
feyrs gSa%
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg bLekb+Zy g+lu “kkg th fe;k¡
¼lkfg+cs m+lsZ d+kleh½ vkSj g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg bnjhl
g+lu jg+erqYykg v+ySfgekA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 62

fljktqy vkSfy;k] uw:y v+kfjQ+hu
g+t+jr l¸;nuk “kkg vcqy gqlSu vg+ens uwjh
m+Q+Z **fe;k¡ lkg+c fd+Cyk** jg+erqYykg v+ySg
vkd+kbZ ekSykbZ l¸;nh o lunh gqT+kwj uwjh fe;k¡
lkg+c dh foyknr 19 “kOoky 1255 fgtjh esa ekjgjk
“kjhQ+ esa gqbZA ljdkjs uwj ds okfyns ekftn g+t+jr
l¸;n “kkg t+gwj g+lu m+Q+Z cM+s fe;k¡] [k+kfreqy vdkfcj
l¸;n “kkg vkys jlwy vg+enh ds cM+s lkg+ct+kns gSaA
cpiu esa okfyns ekftn ds folky ds ckn lkjh rkyhe
vkSj rjfc;r nknk eqf”kZn dh vkx+ks”k esa gqbZA ljdkjs uwj
dks muds nknk us reke :g+kuh vkSj ftLekuh rjfc;rksa
esa ml deky ij igq¡pk fn;k tks [k+kunkus cjdkr ds
vdkfcj dk bfEr;kt+ gSA ljdkjs uwj gj oD+r nknk ds
lkFk jgrs] muds gh lkFk b+cknr] fj;kt+r] njxkg dh
g+kft+jh] ot+kbQ+] frykor lc vnk Q+jekrsA
12 lky dh m+ez “kjhQ+ esa ljdkj vkys jlwy]
gqT+kwj uwjh fe;k¡ dks lTtkn, cjdkfr;k ij ys x, vkSj
vius iksrs dks viuk tku”khu eqd+jZj djds uT+kj is”k
dhA g+t+jr fe;k¡ lkg+c dks muds nknk eqf”kZn us l[+r
eqtkgns vkSj fj;kt+rsa djkbZa] NksVh lh m+ez esa bruh
esg+ur ns[kdj mudh nknh ?kcjkrha vkSj jksduk pkgrha
rks nknk g+t+jr Q+jekrs% **budks ,+s”kks vkjke ls D;k
dke\ ;g dqN vkSj gSa vkSj bUgsa dqN vkSj gksuk gSA ;g
mu lkr vd+rkc esa ls ,d gSa ftudh c”kkjr cwv+yh
“kkg d+yUnj ikuhirh us ljdkjs x+kSl+ ds b”kkjs ij
Q+jekbZ FkhA**

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 63

gqT+kwj fe;k¡ lkg+c fd+Cyk dh t+kfgjh rkyheks
rjfc;r nknk “kkg vkys jlwy vkSj ckfruh rjfc;r
gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk “kkg vkys vg+en vPNs fe;k¡ us
Q+jekbZA blds v+ykok ekSykuk Q+T+yqYykg tysljh]
ekSykuk uwj vg+en m+l+ekuh] ekSyku fgnk;r v+yh]
ekSykuk eqg+Een gqlSu “kkg] rktqy Q+qg+wy ekSykuk “kkg
v+Cnqy d+kfnj cnk;wuh jg+erqYykg v+ySfge ls m+ywes nhu
dh rdehy Q+jekbZA
ljdkjs uwj dk d+n fe;kuk] jax xsgqok¡] is”kkuh
pkSM+h] vk¡[ksa cM+h vkSj u”khyh] eq¡g pkSM+k] nk<+h eqckjd
iwjh Hkjh gqbZ] nLrs eqckjd njkt+] m¡xfy;k¡ iryhA
¼jkfd+e dks [+okc esa vkd+k&,&user ljdkj fe;k¡ lkg+c
dh ft+;kjr vkSj nLrckslh dk “kjQ+ g+kfly gqvk vkSj
lc dqN oSlk gh ik;k tks fdrkcksa esa fy[kk gSA
vy&g+Enq fyYykg!½ vDl+j v+ekek jaxhu igurs] dqrkZ
lQ+sn uD+”kcanh] Vksih nqiYyh] tkM+ksa esa ;euh fejt+bZ
iguuk ilUn Q+jekrs FksA
b+cknr vkSj fj;kt+r dk v+kye fujkyk FkkA
Q+jkbt+ vkSj uokfQ+y dl+jr ls vnk Q+jekrs] uekt+s
rgTtqn ls yssdj vkjke Q+jekus rd vkeky] ot+kbQ+
vkSj frykor esa el:Q+ jgrsA v+ke vkSj [k+kl yksxksa ls
feyus ds oD+r vyx FksA e[k+ywd+s [+kqnk dh t+:jrsa [+kwc
[+kwc iwjh dh tkrhaA gqT+kwjs vd+nl v+ey vkSj v+efy;kr
esa e”kgwjs t+ekuk njos”k FksA vl+j vklsc vkSj ftUukrksa
ij d+kcw ikuk ljdkjs uwj ds [k+kl vkSlkQ+ esa FkkA
ljdkjs uwj dks rkoht+kr ij eydk g+kfly Fkk vxj

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 64

nLrs eqckjd ls fdlh dks rkoht+ v+rk Q+jek fn;k rks
vYykg ds gqDe ls f”kQ+k ;d+huh FkhA
cM+s cM+s vklsc vkSj ftUukr vius eqjhnksa vkSj v+ke
yksxksa ij ls cl ,d fuxkg gh Mkyus ls nwj Q+jek nsrs
FksA cnk;w¡ “kjhQ+ esa ,d lkfg+ck ij bruk cM+k vklsc Fkk
fd fcuk diM+ksa ds jgk djrh FkhaA ljdkjs uwj dk xqt+j
gqvk yksxksa us dgk fd gqT+kwj nqv+k Q+jek nsaA fe;k¡ lkg+c
us Q+jek;k fd ,d fuxkg feyok nks] cl! ljdkjs uwj
dh fuxkg iM+h gh Fkh fd vklsc nwj gqvk vkSj og diM+s
ek¡xus yxhA jkfd+e dgrk gS%
vHkh Hkh dg jgs gSa lc cnk;w¡ ds xyh dwps
vHkh Hkh ;kn og rsjh ut+j gS vg+ens uwjh!
ljdkjs uwj dh t+kr e”kkb[k+ dh lhjr dk b+=s
etewv+k Fkh] lkfg+cqy cjdkr dh cjdrsa] “kkg vkys
eqg+Een dh fj;kt+rsa] “kkg g+et+k dh tykyrsa] “kEls
ekjgjk dh foyk;rsa] lqFkjs fe;k¡ dh lqFkjkbZ;k¡] vkys
jlwyh lqywd x+jt+ fd vki dh t+kr t+kfgjh o ckfruh
[+kq”kjax Qwyksa dk g+lhu xqynLrk FkhA
“kjhv+r dh iSjoh vkSj rjhd+r ds mlwyksa dh
ikcUnh us ljdkjs uwj dks foyk;rs m+t+ek ds ml vkyk
ed+ke ij Q+kbt+ fd;k fd vkids nkSj esa vkidk dksbZ
l+kuh u FkkA
ljdkjs uwj dh lhjr ds dqN vge xks”ks ,sls gSa
fd ftuls muds ekuus okys cgqr dqN Q+kbnk mBkdj
viuh “kf[+l;r vkSj fdjnkj dks jkS”ku dj ldrs gSaA
el+yu u¶+l ij d+kcw ,slk fd lkr lky dh m+ez ls
vkeky vkSj b+cknrksa esa e”kxwy gks x,A

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 65

lcz% lcz dk v+kye ;g fd cM+s cM+s nq[k esa “kqØs
[+kqnk fd;k] x+exhu u gq,A chekjh dh l[+r g+kyr esa
flQ+Z uekt+ NwV tkus ij x+exhu gksrsA
b+Yes nhu ls eqg+Ccr% vki ,d t+cjnLr v+kfyes
nhu Fks] “kjhv+r ds elkby dks v+oke dks fy[kdj vkSj
rd+jhj Q+jekdj ,sls crkrs fd v+ke vkneh ds t+g~u
u”kha gks tk,A
nhuh ekeys esa vius nknk “kkg vkys jlwy ds
gqDe ds eqrkfcd+ g+t+jr rktqy Qqgwy cnk;wuh ls e”kojk
t+:j djrs vkSj muds ckn fQj ml eLkys ij fdrkcsa u
ns[kk djrs FksA
x+jhcksa ls eqg+Ccr] vehjksa ls nwjh% x+jhcksa] uknkjksa]
t+:jreanksa dh lksg+cr dks ilUn Q+jekrsA g+t+jr ds bnZ
fxnZ ges”kk t+:jreanksa dk etek jgrkA nwljksa dh
[k+jkcg+ky pht+ksa dks ;g dgdj cny fn;k djrs fd gesa
bldh cgqr t+:jr Fkh vkSj mlds cnys viuh vPNh
pht+sa v+rk Q+jekrsA
[+kq”kks [+kqjZe jguk% et+Z dh f”kn~nr] fx+t+k dh deh
vkSj lneksa ds ckoqtwn Hkh ljdkjs uwj dk psgjk ges”kk
f[kyk gqvk vkSj ueZ jgrkA
e[k+ywd+ dh g+ktr jokbZ% ljdkjs uwj dk v[k+ykd+s
djhekuk reke nqfu;k esa e”kgwj FkkA njckjs uwjh ls dksbZ
g+ktrean [k+kyh u tkrkA lSdM+ksa okfd+;kr gqT+kwjs vd+nl
ds ,sls ntZ gSa fd ftuls vkidh l[k+kor vkSj
nfj;kfnyh t+kfgj gksrh gSA vius eqjhnksa dks d+t+Z ls
futkr fnykus esa ljdkjs uwj dk gkFk cgqr [kqyk gqvk
FkkA ,d erZck g+t+jr ds eqjhns [k+kl vkSj esjs nknk

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 66

d+kt+h xqyke “kCcj cnk;wuh dks 300 :i;s dh ml
t+ekus esa g+ktr gqbZA vki mudh ckjxkg esa bl fu;r
ls g+kft+j gq, fd iSls dk x+Sc dh rjQ+ ls bUrt+ke gksus
dk v+ey ys yw¡xkA ljdkj b+cknr esa Fks] r”kjhQ+ yk,
vkSj fcuk loky lqus d+kt+h lkg+c dks rhu lkS :i;s ;g
dgdj v+rk Q+jek, fd rg+lhys t+j ds v+ey dh t+dkr
eqf”dy gS] ;g j[k yks bU”kk vYykg lc Bhd gksxkA
datwlh ls uQ+jr% ljdkjs uwj ds njckj esa v+rk o
dje ds nfj;k cgrs FksA vki datwl yksxksa dh lksg+cr
dks ukilUn Q+jekrs] dksbZ loky jn~n gksrk gh u FkkA
D;k [+kwc bj”kkn Q+jekrs fd **mEers jlwy lYyYykgq
v+ySg o lYye esa de ls de l[k+kor] esgeku&uokt+h
vkSj v[k+ykd+s eqg+Een t+:j gksxkA**
QqT+kwy ckrksa ls cpuk% g+t+jr dh ckjxkg esa
Q+qT+kwy ckrksa dk xqt+j u FkkA dksbZ ckr f[k+ykQ+s “kjhv+r
u [+kqn Q+jekrs vkSj u gh [k+kfneksa vkSj v+oke dks
btkt+r gksrhA
dkeksa esa fe;kuk joh% g+t+jrs vd+nl dh ;g [k+kl
v+knrs djhek Fkh fd ,d lg~y vkSj ueZ chp dk jkLrk
bj”kkn gksrk rkfd loky djus okys dks nq”kokjh u gksA
uehZ ls ckr djuk% ljdkjs uwj dk ckr djus dk
vUnkt+ ,slk fnyu”kha vkSj lknk Fkk fd gj “k[+l
v+kf”kd+ FkkA Q+jekrs Fks fd **ge mEers eqg+Eenh gSa]
ljdkjs d+knjh ds Q+d+hj gSa] geesa l[+rh dgk¡ vkSj dSls
gks ldrh gS\**
;kns bykgh vkSj b+”d+s jlwy% g+t+jrs vd+nl
rkSg+hn ds jewt+ vljkj dks le>us vkSj le>kus esa viuk

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 67

l+kuh ugha j[krs Fks] [+kqn dks ;kns [+kqnk esa Q+uk j[kuk
[k+kl e”x+yk FkkA f”kdksZ fcnv+r ij vius eqrofLlyhu
dks fy[kdj vkSj bj”kknkr ds t+fj;s rkdhn gj etfyl
esa Q+jekrsA
b+”d+s jlwy ed+lns g+;kr FkkA Q+jekrs Fks%
**“kjhv+r vkSj rjhd+r njos”kksa vkSj lwfQ+;ksa dks blfy;s
eaT+kwj gS fd ;g jlwys [+kqnk rd jlkbZ ds jkLrs gSaA
g+t+jrs vd+nl dk gj d+kSy flQ+Z vkSj flQ+Z lqUur ds
eqrkfcd+ FkkA**
nq:ns ikd ds Q+St+ku ds ckjs esa bj”kkn Fkk%
**nq:n “kjhQ+ reke nqv+kvksa dh :g+ gS] cx+Sj blds dksbZ
nqv+k dkfey ugha gksrhA**
vg~ys flyflyk ij dje% vius eqjhnksa dks bj”kkn
gksrk% ge [+kqnk rv+kyk ls rqEgkjs okLrs nqfu;k o vkf[k+jr
esa dke;kch dh gj oD+r nqv+k djrs gSaA rqEgkjh rdyhQ+
ls gesa rdyhQ+ gksrh gS bU”kk vYykg vUtke c[k+Sj gksA
ljdkjs uwj dks eqjhnksa dk gj oD+r [+;ky jgrk
mudh g+ktr jokbZ dh fQ+Ø yxh jgrhA
b+”d+s x+kSl+s vkt+e% ljdkjs x+kSl+s vkt+e ls g+n ls
T+;knk b+”d+ vkSj mudh fgnk;r vkSj djeuokt+h ij
,freknA Q+jekrs Fks% **ljdkjs d+kfnjh;r cM+s x+¸;wj
¼x+Sjrean½ gSa] muds flyflys ls rv+Yyqd+ j[ks okyk dgha
Hkh tk,xk ijs”kku u gksxkA**
vDl+j eqjhnhu dks rlYyh ds fy;s gqT+kwj “kEls
ekjgjk dk ;g “ksj eqjhnksa dks fy[kdj bjlky Q+jekrs%
x+qykes x+kSl+s vkt+e csdlks eqt+rj ueh ekun
vxj ekun “kcs ekun “kcs nhxj ueh ekun

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 68

ljdkjs uwj dks ftruh eqg+Ccr ljdkjs x+kSl+ ls Fkh
mruh vlg+kcs flyfly, d+kfnjh;k lsA “kkg rtEeqy
gqlSu d+kfnjh] “kkg v+yh gqlSu v”kjQ+h fe;k¡ vkSj g+t+jr
“kkg okfjl+ v+yh lkg+c ls cM+s [+kqlwlh rv+Yyqd+kr FksA
,d erZck g+t+jr d+kt+h xqyke “kCcj lkg+c
d+knjh dks ysdj lqYrkuqy fgUn dh ckjxkg esa g+kft+j
gq,] g+t+jr g+kth okfjl+ v+yh “kkg lkg+c Hkh x+jhc uokt+
ds njckj esa g+kft+j FksA ;g e”kgwj Fkk fd g+kth lkg+c
xq¶+rxw cgqr de Q+jekrs gSa ysfdu ml jkst+ nksuksa cqT+kqxksaZ
esa ,d ?k.Vk ,sls xq¶+rxw gqbZ tSls eqn~nr ds ckn nks
nksLr feys gksaA d+;kexkg ij r”kjhQ+ ykdj g+t+jr
okfjl+ v+yh “kkg lkg+c ds ckjs esa Q+jek;k fd **g+kth
lkg+c [k+kfyl d+knjh gS]a mudk flyflyk fugk;r lgh
gS vkSj cM+s cqT+kqxZ gSaA**
rluhQ+% rluhQ+ vkSj mldh “kksgjr ls g+t+jr
dks [k+kl fnypLih u Fkh ysfdu t+:jr ij cgqr
rQ+lhy ds lkFk rluhQ+ Q+jekrsA **fljktqy v+okfjQ+**
vkidk ,d ,slk “kkgdkj gS tks vg~ys rlOoqQ+ ds fy;s
,d nLrwj dk ntkZ j[krh gSA fjlkyk loky o tokc]
bf”rgkjs uwjh] v+d+hn&,&vg~ys lqUur] taxs tey o
fl¶+Q+hu] vy&tQj] vy&uqtwe] rg+d+hd+qRrjkohg+]
nyhyqy ;d+hu feu dykfe lf¸;fny eqjlyhu] lykrs
x+kSfl+;k] lykrs eqb+Zfu;k] lykrs uD+”kcfUn;k] lykrs
lkfcjh;k] vljkjs vdkfcjs cjdkfr;kA
ljdkjs uwj dks “kk;jh ls csg+n yxko Fkk] et+gch
vkSj cgkfj;k nksuksa rjg ds dyke Q+jek;k djrs Fks]

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 69

igys r[k+Yyql lb+Zn Fkk fQj uwjh fd;kA r[k+¸;qys uwjh
vkids dyke dk etewv+k gSA
folky eqckjd% ftl lky folky gksuk Fkk ml
lky cnk;w¡ “kjhQ+ tyok Q+jek gq, vkSj yksxksa dks
dl+jr ls eqjhn fd;k vkSj Q+jek;k% **vc ge u
feysaxs**A
folky ls pUn jkst+ d+Cy fldUnjkjko esa tyok
vQ+jkst+ Fks] g+kyr esa det+ksjh gqbZ Q+kSju ogk¡ ls jokuk
gq,] csgks”kh tSlh g+kyr esa lQ+j Q+jek;k] cl ogk¡ ls
g+osyh “kjhQ+ esa vkdj 11 jtc 1324 fgtjh@31 vxLr
1906 b+Z0 esa folky Q+jek;kA ;kuh og uwjh vkQ+rkc
gekjh t+kfgjh vk¡[kksa ls xq:c gqvk ysfdu vYykg ds
oyh gels inkZ Q+jekdj vkSj jkS”ku gks tkrs gSaA ljdkjs
uwj vkt Hkh gekjs ennxkj vkSj x+e[+okj gSa tSls eluns
uwfj;k ij Fks] vkt Hkh Q+St+kus ev+fjQ+r ds fpjkx+ et+kjs
vd+nl ij jkS”ku gSaA jkfd+e dgrk gS%
pyks Mwcsa ugk,¡ vkSj vPNs lqFkjs cu tk,¡
gS cg+js ev+fjQ+r fxnsZ et+kjs vg+ens uwjh
ljdkjs uwj ds [+kqyQ+k dh Q+sgfjLr vg~ys
[k+kunku ds v+ykok cgqr rohy gSA vki vkyk g+t+jr
Q+kft+ys cjsyoh ds eqf”kZns btkt+r Fks vkSj vkyk g+t+jr
ds fy;s v+d+hnr dk lcls cM+k ejdt+A ljdkjs uwj us
vkyk g+t+jr dks f[k+ykQ+r o btkt+r flyfly,
cjdkfr;k esa b+uk;r Q+jekbZ] vkius vkyk g+t+jr dks
b+Yes tqQ+j dh rkyhe Hkh v+rk Q+jekbZA vkyk g+t+jr
Q+kft+ys cjsyoh ds lkg+ct+kns eq¶+rh&,&vkt+e
v+ySfgjZg+ek dh foyknr dh c”kkjr vkyk g+t+jr dks

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 70

ekjgjk “kjhQ+ esa nsrs gq, Q+jek;k **ekSykuk vkids ;gk¡
lkg+ct+kns dh foyknr gqbZ gS] eSa mldk uke vkys
jg+eku vcqy cjdkr eqfg+¸;qn~nhu thykuh eqLrQ+k jt+k
j[krk gw¡** fQj ljdkjs uwj cjsyh “kjhQ+ r”kjhQ+ ys x,
viuh m¡xyh eq¡g esa Mkydj “kjhv+r o rjhd+r ds lkjs
[k+t+kus eq¶+rh&,&vkt+e ds eq¡g esa Mky fn;s] eqjhn fd;k]
f[k+ykQ+r v+rk Q+jekbZA ;s ljdkjs uwj gh dk rks Q+St+ Fkk
fd cjsyh ds eqLrQ+k jt+k eq¶+rh&,&vkt+e gks x,A
:g+kfu;r ds ,sls iSdj gq, fd vkt [+kq”k v+d+hnk
eqlyekuksa dk ,d cM+k rcd+k g+t+jr eq¶+rh&,&vkt+e ds
nLrs g+d+ ijLr dk fxjohnk gSA
dqN vkSj Hkh e”kgwj [+kqyQ+k ds uke ge ;gk¡ is”k
dj jgs gSa%
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg bLekb+Zy g+lu] g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg vkSykns jlwy eqg+Een fe;k¡ d+knjh] g+t+jr d+kth
xqyke d+Ecj fln~nhd+h cnk;wuh] g+t+jr d+kt+h xqyke
“kCcj fln~nhd+h cnk;wuh] g+t+jr g+dhe v+Cnqy d+¸;we
“kghn cnk;wuh] etem+y cg+jSu g+t+jr d+kt+h xqyke
g+luSu ox+Sjk jg+erqYykg rv+kyk v+ySfge vteb+ZuA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 71

eqtfn~nns cjdkfr;r g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vcqy
d+kfle bLekb+Zy g+lu
m+Q+Z “kkg th fe;k¡ jg+erqYykg v+ySg
cfd+¸;rqLlYQ+ gqTtrqy [k+YQ+ g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
vcqy d+kfle bLekb+Zy g+lu m+Q+Z “kkg th fe;k¡ dh
foyknr 3 eqg+jZe 1272 fgtjh dks ekjgjk eqd+n~nlk esa
gqbZA cSv+rks f[k+ykQ+r vius ukuk l¸;n “kkg xqyke
eqfg+¸;qn~nhu vehj v+kye v+ySfgjZg+ek ls g+kfly FkhA
okfyns ekftn g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg eqg+Een lkfnd+ us Hkh
viuh f[k+ykQ+r ls uokt+k FkkA
eqtfn~nns cjdkfr;r dh fcfLeYykg [+okuh dh
jLe g+t+jr [k+kfreqy vdkfcj l¸;n “kkg vkys jlwy
vg+enh us vnk Q+jekbZA “kq:v+krh rkyhe okfyns ekftn
ds lk;s esa gqbZA vkids reke mLrkn vius oD+r ds cM+s
v+kfyes nhu vkSj Q+d+hgs oD+r FksA
g+t+jr rktqy mYek us vkids mLrknksa ds ckjs esa
c;ku Q+jek;k% vkius g+kfQ+t+ oyhnkn [k+ku lkg+c
ekjgjoh o g+kfQ+t+ d+kfnj v+yh lkg+c y[kuoh o g+kfQ+t+
v+Cnqy djhe lkg+c eydiqjh ls d+qjvku “kjhQ+ fg+¶+t+
fd;kA ekSyoh v+Cnq”“kdwj lkg+c] v+Cnqy x+uh lkg+c]
ekSyoh eqg+Een v+yh lkg+c y[kuoh] eqg+Een g+lu lkg+c
lEHkyh] ekSyoh Q+T+yqYykg lkg+c Q+jaxheg+yh] g+t+jr
rktqy Qqgwy ekSykuk v+Cnqy d+kfnj lkg+c cnk;wuh

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 72

jg+erqYykg rv+kyk v+ySg ls nlhZ m+ywe i<+As
lqywd o rjhd+r dh rkyhe g+t+jr [k+kfreqy
vdkfcj l¸;n “kkg vkys jlwy vg+enh] ljdkjs uwj
fljktqLlkfydhu l¸;n “kkg vcqy gqlSu vg+ens uwjh]
vius okfyns ekftn vkSj rktqy Qqgwy ekSyuk v+Cnqy
d+kfnj cnk;wuh jg+erqYykg v+ySfge ls g+kfly Q+jekbZA
dqjvkus g+dhe 30 lky dh m+ez esa vius t+kSd+ks
“kkSd+ ls fg+¶+t+ fd;k ftldh [+kq”kh esa vkids okfyns
ekftn us lhrkiqj esa efLtn rkehj Q+jekbZA
bu Q+uksa ds v+ykok g+t+jr bLekb+Zy g+lu lkg+c
b+Yes tQ+j] jey] rdlhj esa Hkh viuh ut+hj ¼fel+ky½
vki FksA “ksjks lq[k+u ¼”kk;jh½ ls Hkh fnypLih FkhA “kSnk
o cdkj r[k+Yyql FkkA
g+t+jr “kkgs d+kfle cpiu ls gh cqT+kqxksZa ds uD+”ks
d+ne ij xket+u ¼pyrs½ FksA okfyns ekftn dh rjfc;r
vkSj fuxkgs dje us t+krh tkSgj dks vkSj pedk;k] fQj
vkus okys fnuksa esa t+ekus us ns[kk fd ;g [k+kunkus uqcwor
dk “kkgt+knk vius cM+ksa dh “kkunkj fjok;rksa dk
iklcku l+kfcr gqvk vkSj tks [k+kunkuh d+njsa t+ekus dh
eksVh rgksa esa nc dj jg xbZ Fkha mUgsa ft+Unk djds t+ekus
ds lkeus is”k dj fn;kA
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vcqy d+kfle bLekb+Zy g+lu
“kkg th fe;k¡ v+ySfgjZg+ek lknk rchv+r] g+kSlykean]
eqf[+yl vkSj gennZ cqT+kqxZ FksA fQ+rjh cqjkbZ vkidks Nwdj
Hkh ugha xqt+jh Fkh] nhu vkSj lqfUu;r ij l+kfcr d+ne
jguk] cqT+kqxksZa dh fjok;rksa dk ,g+rjke vkSj mudh
fg+Q+kt+r] vPNh lksp] v+ey dh ikcanh vkidh cqfu;knh

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 73

[+kwfc;k¡ FkhaA rktqy mYek ds eqrkfcd+% **g+t+jr lwjr o
lhjr nksuksa ,rckj ls vius vdkfcj dk uewuk vkSj
mudh vPNh [+kwfc;ksa vkSj ilanhnk Q+t+kby ds ekfyd
vkSj okfjl+ FksA**
b+Yeijojh] ekeykr lkQ+ j[kuk] tqjvreanh]
dqUckijojh vkSj [k+kunkuh fjok;rksa dks ckn okyksa rd
igq¡pkus esa [+kqlwlh fnypLih j[krs FksA nqfu;koh jksc
fcYdqy dqcwy ugha djrs FksA yEck d+n] xsgqvk jax]
lqrok¡ ckjhd ukd] ckjhd yc ¼gksaB½] [+kwclwjr NksVs nk¡r
vkSj da/kk pkSM+k FkkA ryokj pykus] ?kqM+lokjh vkSj
rSjkdh esa ekfgj FksA ,sls csgrjhu rSjkd Fks fd cM+s ?kj
ds “kgrhj lhrkiqj ls ufn;ksa esa rSjk dj yk, FksA
;knxkjksa vkSj rc:Zdkr ls [+kqlwlh fnypLih FkhA 1300
fgtjh esa cSrqYykg ds g+t ls eq”kjZQ+ gksdj tc okil
r”kjhQ+ yk, rks enhuk r¸;ck ls vtok [ktwj dk cht
lkFk yk, vkSj g+osyh ds lsg+u esa yxk;kA [ktwj dk ;g
eqckjd nj[+r vkt Hkh ?kj esa ekStwn gS ftldh m+ez 126
cjl gks pqdh gSA
vkidh g+kSlyk eankuk x+Sjr] fQ+rjh “kqtkv+r
¼cgknqjh½ vkSj gennkZuk rchv+r ds pan okfd+;kr ds
g+okys ls g+t+jr “kQs+Z feYyr Q+jekrs gSa%
g+t+jr “kkg d+kfle ds [k+kl eqjhn vkSj [k+yhQ+k
MkWDVj v¸;wc g+lu d+knjh vcqy d+kfleh v+ySfgjZg+ek us
g+t+jr d+kfle ls ,d erZck jkst+xkj dh raxh dk f”kdok
fd;kA g+t+jr us Q+jek;k% ^^vkidh jkst+kuk dh t+:jrsa
fdrus esa iwjh gks tkrh gSa\ mUgksaus v+t+Z fd;k% nks #i;s
esaA ;g ml nkSj dk nks #i;k gS ftldh g+Sfl+;r vkt

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 74

ds nks lkS #i;s ls T+;knk gksrh FkhA g+t+jr “kkg d+kfle
us Q+jek;k% tkb;s! vkidks jkst+kuk vYykg dh tkfuc ls
x+Sc ls nks #i;s feyrs jgsaxsA MkDVj v¸;wc g+lu
v+ySfgjZg+ek us viuh T+kqcku ls [k+kunku ds yksxksa ls
c;ku fd;k fd mlds ckn eq>s gj lqcg rfd;s ds uhps
nks #i;s fey tkrsA ;g okfd+;k g+t+jr dh djker vkSj
gennkZuk “kQ+d+r nksuksa dh vkbZuknkjh djrk gSA**
g+t+jr “kkg d+kfle cgqr et+cwrh ds lkFk nhuks
lqfUu;r vkSj [k+kunkuh ekewykr ij ikcanh j[krs Fks]
blfy;s vYykg rv+kyk us vkids dke vkSj ckr] bZeku
vkSj v+ey] T+kqcku vkSj d+ye lc esa cjdrsa ns j[kh FkhaA
vkidh nqv+kvksa ls u tkus fdrus ejht+ f”kQ+k;kc gq,]
cs”kqekj eqd+neksa ds Q+Slys gq,] cgqr lh xksnsa gjh gqbZa]
lSdM+ksa eqlhcrt+nksa us pSu dh lk¡l yh] gt+kjksa xqukgxkjksa
us rkSck dh] dbZ ,d flQ+Z vkids psgjs dks ns[kdj bLyke
ls eq”kjZQ+ gq, vkSj cgqrksa us lqywd dh eaft+ysa r; dhaA
b+Yeh t+kSd+ e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk dh fojkl+r jgh gSA
;gh lcc gS fd bl [k+kud+kgs v+kyh”kku esa cqT+kqxksZa dh
nwljh ukfnj o uk;kc pht+ksa ds lkFk lkFk ,d
v+t+heq”“kku iqjkuk dqrqc[k+kuk Hkh gSA g+t+jr “kkg d+kfle
dks Hkh b+Yeh t+kSd+ fojl+s esa feyk FkkA vkius u flQ+Z ;g
fd [+kqn gh m+yweks Qquwu g+kfly fd;s cfYd v+t+ht+ksa dh
[k+klh rknkn dks b+Ye ds t+soj ls vkjkLrk fd;kA vkius
cqT+kqxksZa ds tek fd;s gq, ukfnj vkSj iqjkus dqrqc[k+kus dks
laHkky laHkky dj j[kk vkSj mls fg+Q+kt+r ds lkFk
vxyh uLyksa ds g+okys fd;kA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 75

g+t+jr “kkg bLekb+Zy g+lu lkg+c dk oks nkSj Fkk
fd tc [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k dh b+Yeh f”kuk[+r vkSj
[k+kud+kgh fjok;rksa dks et+cwr djus dh csg+n t+:jr
FkhA g+t+jr “kkg d+kfle us ml oD+r cM+s rtnhnh
dkjukes vUtke fn;sA vius Q+jt+Unkus fxjkeh [k+kldj
vius uoklksa dks b+Yes “kjhv+r vkSj rjhd+r esa et+cwr rj
fd;k ;gk¡ rd fd vius ?kj dh csfV;ksa dks Hkh g+kfQ+t+k
djk;k] [k+kunkuh b+Ye dks tek fd;k] mYek o e”kkb[k+
dh jlkbZ dks [k+kud+kg esa c<+k;k x+jt+ fd dksbZ ,slk
v+ey ugha NksM+k tks [k+kud+kg dh iqjkuh fjok;rksa vkSj
d+njksa dks cg+ky u dj ns blhfy;s vkt mudks
^eqtfn~nns cjdkfr;r* ds yd+c ls ;kn fd;k tkrk gSA
g+t+jr “kkg d+kfle us nhu vkSj b+Yes nhu dh
vPNh f[k+nekr vatke nhaA rnjhl ¼i<+kuk½] rCyhx+]
rluhQ+ ¼fdrkc fy[kuk½] bj”kknks fgnk;r ¼g+d+ dh
jguqekbZ½] e[k+ywd+ dh f[k+ner lHkh eSnku vkidh roTtks
ls ljQ+jkt+ jgsA rnjhl dk flyflyk vius [k+kud+kgh
enjls esa jgkA rCyhx+ ds fy;s nwj njkt+ b+ykd+ksa esa
r”kjhQ+ ys x,A eluns x+kSfl+;k cjdkfr;k ls ,d v+kye
dks d+knjh cjdkrh tke fiyk, vkSj nqv+kvksa] rkoht+ksa vkSj
lPph lh/kh jguqekb;ksa vkSj “kQ+hd+kuk x+exqlkfj;ksa ls
[+kqnk dh e[k+ywd+ ds nnksZ x+e dk b+ykt is”k fd;kA
rluhQ+h “kksgjr ls fnypLih ugha Fkh fQj Hkh oD+rh
rd+kt+ksa ds is”ks ut+j dbZ vge fdrkcsa d+ye ds lqiqnZ dha
tks vkidh g+d+ilUnh ds tT+cs vkSj b+Yeh xgjkbZ dks
t+kfgj djrh gSaA vkidh fdrkcksa ds ;s uke gSa%
fjlkyk jn~nqy d+t+k feun~nqv+k Q+h vkekfy

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 76

nQ+b+y ock] etewv+, lykfly eUT+kwe] etewv+, dyke]
fjlkyk vkekyks rdlhj] djkekrs lqFkjs fe;k¡A
g+t+jr vcqy d+kfle l¸;n bLekb+Zy g+lu “kkg
th fe;k¡ jg+erqYykg v+ySg dk v+D+ns eluwu ¼fudkg+½
ekewt+kn cgu l¸;nk eaT+kwj Q+kfrek fcUrs l¸;n uw#y
eqLrQ+k bCus l¸;n xqyke eqfg+¸;qn~nhu vehj v+kye ds
gejkg gqvkA ftuls nks lkg+ct+kns l¸;n xqyke
eqfg+¸;qn~nhu Q+d+hj v+kye] rktqy mYek l¸;n vkSykns
jlwy Q+[k+js v+kye eqg+Een fe;k¡ vkSj pkj lkg+ct+kfn;k¡
iSnk gqbZa% t+kfgn Q+kfrek] ,tkt+ Q+kfrek] gqeSjk vkSj
bdjke Q+kfrekA NksVh lkg+ct+knh bdjke Q+kfrek
“kgjckuks g+t+jr l¸;nqy mYek vkSj g+t+jr vg+luqy
mYek dh okfynk ekftnk gSaA
cM+s lkg+ct+kns g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg xqyke
eqfg+¸;qn~nhu Q+d+hj v+kye l+kfcr g+lu dh foyknr 3
jchm+y vkf[k+j 1302 fgtjh dks ekjgjk esa gqbZA csgrjhu
g+kfQ+t+s d+qjvku Fks vkSj t+cjnLr v+kfyes nhuA vius
okfyns ekftn ls cSv+r ¼eqjhn½ FksA f[k+ykQ+r vkSj
btkt+r okfyns ekftn vkSj ljdkjs uwj l¸;n vcqy
gqlSu vg+ens uwjh jg+erqYykg v+ySg ls g+kfly FkhA
fudkg+ gqvk ysfdu vkSykn ugha FkhA 1330 fgtjh dks
tokuh ds v+kye es bl jaxkjax nqfu;k dks y[kuÅ esa
vyfonk dgkA
NksVs lkg+ct+kns rktqy mYek l¸;n “kkg vkSykns
jlwy eqg+Een fe;k¡ Q+[k+js v+kye 13 jet+kuqy eqckjd
1309 fgtjh dks lhrkiqj esa iSnk gq,A budk ft+dz
rQ+lhy ls c;ku fd;k x;k gSA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 77

lkfg+cs m+lsZ d+kleh g+t+jr vcqy d+kfle l¸;n
“kkg eqg+Een bLekb+Zy g+lu d+kfleh cjdkrh dk folky
1 lQ+j 1347 fgtjh dks ekjgjk “kjhQ+ esa gqvkA vkius
viuh g+;krs t+kfgjh esa gh vius g+d+hd+h uokls g+t+jr
vg+luqy mYek v+ySfgjZg+ek dks viuh t+kr dk
lTtknku”khu Q+jekdj viuh eLun dk tk¡u”khu
cuk;kA vkt vy&g+Enq fyYykg ml eLun ij g+t+jr
vehus feYyr tyok vQ+jkst+ vkSj m+lsZ d+kfleh dh
jkSud+ muds ne ls nks pUn gSA
vkids [+kqyQ+k esa g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg xqyke
eqfg+¸;qn~nhu Q+d+hj v+kye] g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkSykns
jlwy eqg+Een fe;k¡] g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys eqLrQ+k
l¸;n fe;k¡ vkSj vg+luqy mYek g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
eqLrQ+k g+Snj g+lu fe;k¡ lkg+c ox+Sjk gSaA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 78

ufc, [k+kfreqy vdkfcj g+t+jr
l¸;n “kkg esagnh g+lu jg+erqYykg v+ySg
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg esagnh g+lu lkg+c g+t+jr
[k+kfreqy vdkfcj ds nwljs lkg+ct+kns “kkg T+kqgwj gqlSu
NqV~Vw fe;k¡ lkg+c dh nwljh choh [k+krwu Q+kfrek ls FksA
vkidh iSnkb”k tqekny vOoy 1287 fgtjh dh gSA vius
okfyns ekftn ds bfUrd+ky ds ckn lTtknku”khu gq,A
ckn”kkgksa dk lk fet+kt ik;k FkkA rchv+r esa lknxh dwV
dwVdj FkhA viuh ft+Unkfnyh ds fy;s nwj nwj rd
e”kgwj FksA Q+¸;kt+h o l[k+kor esa csut+hj FksA rchv+r esa
tT+c x+kfyc FkkA
g+t+jr esagnh fe;k¡ lkg+c ds nkSj esa [k+kud+kgs
cjdkfr;k dk jkCrk v+oke ls cgqr cM+s iSekus ij olh
gqvkA cM+s cM+s vehj o uokc ekjgjk dh M~;ks<+h ij
g+t+jr “kkg esagnh g+lu lkg+c ds roLlqr ls g+kft+j gksus
yxsA g+t+jr esagnh fe;k¡ lkg+c ds rv+Yyqd+kr ds is”ks
ut+j m+lZ “kjhQ+ lkfg+cqy cjdkr esa fnu c fnu bt+kQ+k
gksrk x;kA ,sls vkyk iSekus ij m+lZ eqUv+fd+n djrs fd
mldk dguk gh D;kA eg+fQ+ys d+Ookyh dk jokt ml
nkSj esa cgqr cM+s iSekus ij d+k;e gqvkA dl+hj etek
m+lZ esa f”kjdr djrkA vg~ys cnk;w¡ ij ljdkj esagnh

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 79

fe;k¡ dh [k+kl ut+j FkhA ljdkj uwjh fe;k¡ ds reke
v+d+hnrean g+t+jkr gqT+kwj fe;k¡ lkg+c ds folky ds ckn
g+t+jr esagnh fe;k¡ dks viuk ejdt+s v+d+hnr ekurs FksA
g+t+jr cnk;w¡ r”kjhQ+ Hkh [+kwc ykrs vkSj cnk;wuh xqykeksa
dks [+kwc uokt+rsA vius lkFk rksg+Q+s rg+kbQ+ cnk;w¡ ls ys
tk jgs gksrs] jkLrs esa dksbZ x+jhc fn[krk rks cl mldk
ekewyh [kkuk [kk fy;k djrs vkSj viuk d+herh lkeku
mldks v+rk Q+jek nsrsA folky ls d+Cy cnk;w¡ r”kjhQ+
yk, vkSj dlhj rknkn esa yksxksa dks eqjhn fd;kA jkfd+e
ds [k+kunku ds cs”krj g+t+jkr ml nkSj esa g+t+jr esagnh
fe;k¡ lkg+c ls eqjhn gq,A esjs okfyns ekftn dks Hkh
ljdkj esagnh fe;k¡ us cgqr gh dem+ezh esa cSv+r ls
eq”kjZQ+ Q+jek;kA vkius viuh ft+Unxh gh esa l¸;nqy
mYek g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys eqLrQ+k l¸;n fe;k¡
jg+erqYykg v+ySg dks viuk olh o tk¡u”khu eqd+jZj dj
fn;k FkkA
vkidk igyk fudkg+ cqfu;knh csx+e fcUrs l¸;n
gqlSu bCus l¸;n fnynkj g+Snj ls gqvkA dksbZ vkSykn bu
chch ls u gqbZA nwljk fudkg+ lTtknh csxe fcUrs l¸;n
blekb+Zy g+lu lkg+c ls gqvkA buls dbZ vkSyknsa gqbZa
exj dem+ezh esa bfUrd+ky dj xbZaA
g+t+jr “kkg esagnh lkg+c dk bUrd+ky uoEcj 18
t+hd+knk 1361 fgtjh@1942 b+Z0 dh jkr dks gqvkA
vkids folky ds ckn olh;r ds eqrkfcd+ l¸;nqy
m+yek l¸;n “kkg vkys eqLrQ+k l¸;n fe;k¡ mudh
elun ij cSBsA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 80

rktqy mYek] fljktqy m+jQ+k
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkSykns jlwy
eqg+Een fe;k¡ d+knjh jg+erqYykg v+ySg
eqvfjZ[k+s [k+kunkus cjdkr rktqy mYek fljktqy
m+jQ+k g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkSykns jlwy eqg+Een fe;k¡
d+knjh jg+erqYykg v+ySg eqtfn~nns cjdkfr;r g+t+jr
l¸;n “kkg bLekbZy g+lu lkg+c ds Q+jt+Un gSaA g+t+jr
rktqy mYek v+ySfgjZg+ek 23 jet+ku 1309 fgtjh esa
lhrkiqj esa iSnk gq,A dqjvku] g+nhl+] rQ+lhj] efUrd+]
Q+YlQ+k] fQ+D+g o mlwys fQ+D+g] lQ+Z o ug+~o dh rkyhe
vius okfyns ekftn g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg blekbZy glu
lkg+c] g+t+jr ekSykuk “kkg v+Cnqy eqD+rfnj cnk;wuh
v+ySfgjZg+ek ds v+ykok ml nkSj ds cM+s mYek ls g+kfly
dhA vkidks cSv+rks f[k+ykQ+r vius okfyns ekftn vkSj
vius ukuk lkg+c g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vcqy gqlSu vg+ens
uwjh jg+erqYykg v+ySg ls gSA
g+t+jr rktqy mYek dh “kDy g+t+jr uwjh fe;k¡
lkg+c ls cgqr feyrh FkhA g+t+jr rktqy mYek csgrjhu
v+kfyes nhu] eq¶+rh] eqg+fn~nl+] eqQ+fLlj FksA vkidks
fdrkcsa i<+us dk cgqr “kkSd+ FkkA ;kn~nk”r bruh vPNh
Fkh fd tks i<+rs Q+kSju ;kn gks tkrkA g+t+jr rktqy
mYek dk nhu ij et+cwrh ls d+k,e jguk] “kjhv+r ds

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 81

mlwyksa ij ikcUn gksuk vkSj vius pkgus okyksa dks Hkh
ml jkLrs ij pyus dh fgnk;r nsuk ,d d+kfcys
rd+yhn v+ey gSA
g+t+jr rktqy mYek dh iwjh ft+Unxh uT+eks t+Cr
ls b+ckjr FkhA lQ+j esa t+:jh lkeku dk ges”kk lkFk
j[kuk] gj dke dks oD+r ij ikcUnh ds lkFk [+kqn djuk]
viuh gj pht+ dks [+kqn gh viuh fuxjkuh esa j[kuk]
fdlh dks t+g+er u nsuk ;g lc vkidh [+kqlwfl;kr gSaA
,d erZck g+t+jr ds eqjhns [k+kl ekSykuk et+gj
lkg+c cnk;wuh ejg+we us g+t+jr dks ia[kk djuk pkgk rks
Qjek;k fd vkbUnk fcuk btkt+r ,slk u djuk] dqnjr
us gesa nks gkFk viuk dke djus dks v+rk Q+jek,A g+t+jrs
okyk dh ,d [k+kl v+knr Fkh u fdlh dh cqjkbZ lqurs u
djrs] dksbZ x+hcr djrk rks mldks Q+kSju euk djrsA
g+t+jr rktqy mYek ,d ,sls esgjcku eqf”kZn Fks
tks vius vg+ckc dh csdlh vkSj ijs”kkuh esa cgqr
ennxkj vkSj Q+fj;kn lqudj Q+kSju g+ktr jokbZ
Q+jekrsA vkyk g+t+jr Q+kft+ys cjsyoh ls vkids
rv+Yyqd+kr cgqr xgjs vkSj eqg+Ccr okys Fks g+kyk¡fd vkyk
g+t+jr m+ez esa rktqy mYek ls cgqr cM+s Fks ysfdu
ihjt+knxh dh fuLcr ls Q+kft+ys cjsyoh g+t+jr rktqy
mYek dk cgqr ,g+rsjke Q+jekrs] vkyk g+t+jr vkidks
**okfjlqy vdkfcfjy vl;kn fcy bfLrg+d+kd+ oy
bfUQ+jkn** tSls vYd+kc ls eq[k+krc djrs vkSj rktqy
mYek rks mu ij mudh nhuh f[k+nekr dh otg ls tku
ful+kj djrsA rktqy mYek Q+jekrs Fks fd Q+d+hj mudks
vius cs”krj mLrknksa ls csgrj ekurk gS] mudh rg+jhj

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 82

vkSj rd+jhj nksuksa gh ls Q+d+hj us rkfycs b+Ye dh rjg
Q+kbnk mBk;k gSA fygkt+k Q+d+hj viuh oqlv+r ds
eqrkfcd+ muds rjhd+s dh iSjoh djrk gSA
g+t+jr rktqy mYek dk lcls cM+k dkjukek
l¸;nSus ekjgjk ;kuh g+t+jr l¸;nqy mYek vkSj g+t+jr
vg+luqy mYek dh rjfc;r gS ftldh otg ls vkt
[k+kunkus cjdkr dk uke reke nqfu;k esa jkS”ku gSA
g+t+jr rktqy mYek us vius nkSj esa [k+kud+kg “kjhQ+ ds
iwjs fut+ke esa viuh esg+ur vkSj iqj[+kqywl v+ey ds t+fj;s
csfel+ky rCnhfy;k¡ dhaA “kjhv+r vkSj rjhd+r nksuksa dks
ukfQ+t+ fd;k] vius lkjs ?kjkus dks b+Yes nhu ds g+okys
ls et+cwr fd;k] [k+kud+kgh fut+ke dks vius b+Ye] v+ey]
v[k+ykd+] [+kqywl] fdjnkj ls et+cwrh c[+”kh ;gh ugha
cfYd [k+kud+kg ds fe”ku dks et+cwr ls et+cwr rj djus
esa viuh iwjh ft+Unxh oD+Q+ dj nhA
rd+lhes fgUn ds ekSd+s ij tc fgUnqLrku ds
eqlyeku eqlhcr ds g+kykr ls xqt+j jgs Fks] [k+kud+kgksa]
enjlksa] njxkgksa] efLtnksa ds rg+¶+Q+qt+ dk loky [kM+k
Fkk] lkFk gh lkFk eqlyekuksa ds ekyh g+kykr Hkh cn ls
cnrj gks jgs Fks ,sls esa [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k us gqT+kwj
rktqy mYek dh fuxjkuh esa **tekv+rs vg~ys lqUur**
ukeh rUt+he dk IysVQ+keZ lqUuh eqlyekuksa dks fn;k
ftlds eqcfYyx+ksa us viuh reke rkd+r nhus bLyke ds
iSx+ke dks lgh rkSj ls igq¡pkus esa yxk nhA “kqf/n rg+jhd
ds f[k+ykQ+ dke djds eqlyekuksa ds bZeku dh fg+Q+kt+r
dh xbZA g+t+jr rktqy mYek us u flQ+Z eSnkus v+ey esa
Q+rg+ ds ijpe ygjk, cfYd b+Yeh rkSj ls Hkh csnkj

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 83

djus vkSj ml oD+r ds g+kykr ls vkxkg djus ds fy;s
**vg~ys lqUur dh vkokt+** uke dk fjlkyk viuh
ljijLrh vkSj l¸;nSus ekjgjk dh bnkjr esa fudkykA
;gh og fjlkyk Fkk tks vg~ys lqUur o tekv+r dks ml
fcxM+s nkSj esa “kjhv+r ds eqrkfcd+ ft+Unxh xqt+kjus vkSj
gj Q+lkn ls nwj jgus dh fgnk;r ns jgk Fkk]
vkSfy;k&,&fdjke dh eqg+Ccr vkSj v+d+hns dh fgQ+kt+r
dk ft+Eesnkj FkkA vkt Hkh ;g lkykuk fjlkyk b+Yeks
vkxgh ds tke yksxksa dks cnLrwj fiyk jgk gSA
g+t+jr rktqy mYek us viuh reke nhuh]
nqfu;koh] [k+kud+kgh ft+Eesnkfj;ksa ds ckoqtwn d+kSeh]
fl;klh] lekth ekeykr esa [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k ds
ut+fj;s dks yksxksa rd igq¡pk;kA taxs vkt+knh gks ;k rdsZ
eokykr] f[k+ykQ+r ewoesaV gks ;k bLykeh d+kSe dk
fcxM+rs gq, nkSj esa v+oke dks txkus dk dke gks] g+t+jr
rktqy mYek us viuh eq[k+fyl f[k+nekr vatke nhaA tc
cjsZ lx+hj ds eqlyeku ml nkSj esa tks”k] tT+ckr vkSj
vatke dks lksps le>s fcuk fl;klr esa vkxs vkxs jgus
dh ukdke dksf”k”k dj jgs Fks ,sls esa gqT+kwj rktqy mYek
v+ySfgjZg+ek tekv+rs vUlk:y bLyke] tekv+rs
jt+k&,&eqLrQ+k tSlh rUt+heksa dh ljijLrh Q+jek dj
d+kSe dks jkgs fgnk;r ij pyk jgs FksA
gtjr rktqy mYek dh rluhQ+h dkeksa dk nk;jk
cgqr cM+k gSA vkius et+gch] vnch vkSj fl;klh
ekST+kwv+kr ij cM+h Q+k;nsean fdrkcsa vg~ys bLyke dks
v+rk Q+jekbZaA **vy&d+kSyqLlg+hg+ Q+h bfErukb+y fdfT+cy
od+hv+** ;g cn v+d+hnksa ds bEdkus fdT+cs ckjh rv+kyk ds

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 84

jn~n esa] **fjlkyk eq[+rlj nj vlckcs okftcqy oqtwn**]
ecg+lqy vt+ku] uekt+ i<+us vkSj i<+kus dk rjhd+k]
[k+S:y dyke Q+h elkbfyfLl;ke] rQ+gheqy elkby]
lc,+ lukfcy dk rtqZek] rt+fdjk g+t+jr Q+d+hj v+kye]
“kkSdrs bLyke] xk¡f/k;ksa dk vkeky ukek] fjlkyk nj
eqx+kyrkrs xk¡/kfo;k] rg+d+hd+krs “kjb+¸;n nj jn~ns
[k+ckl+rs
xk¡/kfo;k]
g+d+
dh
Q+Rg+s
eqchu]
fQ+ru&,&bjfrnkn vkSj fgUnw eqfLye bfRrg+kn] dqjvkuh
bj”kkn vkSj fgUnw eqfLye bfRrg+kn] cjdkrs ekjgjk o
esgekukus cnk;w¡] bfUlnkns dqjckuh xk; ds eqrv+fYyd+
eqfLye yhx dk Resolution vkSj et+gch uqD+r, ut+j
ls rUd+hn] [+kqrc&,&lnkjr tekv+r vUlk:y bLyke
ox+Sjk vkidh d+yeh ;knxkj gSaA
vkidk fudkg+ eUT+kwj Q+kfrek v+ySgjZg+ek ls ukS
eg+ys lknkr cjsyh esa gqvkA buls ,d lkg+ct+kns gq,
ftudk cpiu gh esa folky gks x;kA
vkidk folky 24 tqekny vkf[k+j 1375
fgtjh@7 Q+jojh 1952 b+Z0 ckn uekt+s b+”kk ekjgjk
“kjhQ+ esa gqvkA et+kjs eqckjd njxkgs cjdkfr;k ds lgu
esa vius okfyns ekftn ds d+jhc gSA vkius viuh g+;kr
gh esa vius g+d+hd+h Hkk¡ts gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek dks viuk
tku”khu eqd+jZj Q+jekdj lTtknku”khu eqUr[k+c
Q+jek;kA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 85

l¸;nqy m+yek] luknqy gqdek g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
vkys eqLrQ+k l¸;n fe;k¡ jg+erqYykg v+ySg
l¸;nqy mYek g+t+jr ekSykuk ekSyoh g+kfQ+t+
d+kjh eq¶+rh g+dhe l¸;n “kkg vkys eqLrQ+k vkSykns g+Snj
l¸;n fe;k¡ v+ySfgjZg+ek g+t+jr “kkg vkys v+ck bCus
l¸;n “kkg gqlSu g+Snj gqlSuh fe;k¡ ¼gqT+kwj [k+kfreqy
vdkfcj “kkg vkys jlwy ds uokls½ ds lkg+ct+kns FksA
okfynk ekftnk l¸;nk “kgj ckuks csxe fcUrs l¸;n
“kkg bLekbZy g+lu lkg+c FkhaA vki 25 jtc 1333
fgtjh@9 twu 1915 bZ0 cq/k ds jkst+ ekjgjk esa iSnk gq,A
cgqr NksVh lh m+ez esa dqjvku fg+¶+t+ dj fy;k] Q+kjlh
dh igyh fdrkc viuh okfynk ekftnk ls i<+h] ukuk
g+t+jr “kkg bLekb+Zy g+lu lkg+c vkSj ekew rktqy mYek
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkSykns jlwy eqg+Een fe;k¡ lkg+c ls
nlhZ b+Ye g+kfly fd;sA tkfe;k eqb+Zfu;k vtesj
eqd+n~nl esa gqT+kwj ln:””kjhv+k ekSykuk “kkg vetn
v+yh vkt+eh v+ySfgjZg+ek ds cgqr gh pghrs “kkfxnksaZ esa ls
FksA mLrkns eksg+rje dh [k+kl btkt+r Fkh fd enjlk ds
oD+rksa ds v+ykok Hkh tc pkgsa lcd+ ys ldrs gSaA ekSyoh
nhfu;kr esa ,e- ,- ds cjkcj fMxzh dh lun iatkc cksMZ
ls g+kfly dhA frfCc;k dkWfyt v+yhx<+ eqfLye
;wfuoflZVh ls frCcs ;wukuh eas Mh- vkbZ- ,e- ,l- dk

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 86

fMIyksek fy;kA vki g+dhe v+Cnqy yrhQ+ ds pgsrs
“kkfxnksaZ esa “kqekj gksrs FksA 1949 b+Z0 esa eqEcbZ r”kjhQ+ ys
x, vkSj beker “kq: dj nhA [kM+d efLtn ds [k+rhc
o beke vkSj tekv+rs cd+j d+lkc ds jftLVMZ d+kt+h FksA
vius ukuktku ljojs nks v+kye lYyYykgq v+ySg o
lYye ds nhu dh rCyhx+ ds fy;s viuk lc dqN oD+Q+
Q+jek fn;k FkkA nhu dh rCyhx+] vg~ys lqUur ds
v+d+kbn dh b”kkv+r vkSj ckfry fQ+dk+ saZ ds jn~n ds
flyflys esa eqYd Hkj dk nkSjk fd;k vkSj t+ekus dks
fljkrs eqLrd+he ij pyus dh fgnk;r Q+jekbZA
gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek t¸;n v+kfyes nhu] eqLrun
eq¶+rh] [+kq”k byg+ku g+kfQ+t+ o d+kjh] g+dhes g+kft+d+]
eqErkt+ equkft+j vkSj vius oD+r ds [k+rhcs vkt+e FksA
gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek dh f[k+rkcr dk Madk iwjs fgUnqLrku
esa ctrk FkkA ,d gh uf”kLr esa pkj ik¡p ?k.Vk f[k+rkc
Q+jek nsuk rks muds fy;s v+ke ckr FkhA og vius
mlywcs f[k+rkc ds fy;s cgqr e”kgwj FksA tc bLykeh
rkjh[k+ ;k okfd+;s dks c;ku Q+jekrs rks ,slk yxrk fd
Dykl cSBh gS vkSj ,d csgrjhu mLrkn vius cPpksa ds
fnyks fnekx+ ij rkjh[k+s bLyke dks jd+e dj jgk gSA
tc fl;klh ekST+kw ij rd+jhj Q+jekrs rks cM+s cM+s fl;klh
[k+rhcksa vkSj jguqekvksa dh cksfy;k¡ cUn gks tkrhaA tc
b+”d+s jlwy vkSj djcyk ds okfd+;kr ds ekST+kw ij
l¸;nqy mYek c;ku Q+jekrs rks l+kfcr dj nsrs fd
ucht+knk vkSj v+yh dk tku”khu ukewls fjlkyr vkSj
vg~ys cSr dh feng+r esa “ke”khjs cjsguk cu x;k gSA m+lsZ
d+kfleh cjdkrh dh lTtknxh dh jkr ukuk vCck gqT+kwj

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 87

l¸;nqy mYek dh rd+jhj ds fy;s [k+kl gqvk djrh FkhA
[k+kunkus cjdkr dh v+t+er o :g+kfu;r ij muds
;knxkj f[k+rkckr gqvk djrs FksA ,d erZck fdlh ukr
i<+us okys us “ksj i<+k%
v+ey ls v+yh ds ;g l+kfcr gqvk
fd vLys b+cknr rsjh cUnxh gS
cl! fQj D;k v+yh dk [+kwu tks”k esa vk x;k]
oTn dh dSfQ+;r rkjh gqbZ] reke diM+s rkj rkj dj
fy;sA g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek v+ySfgjZg+ek us vius cM+s
HkkbZ lkg+c ds g+kykr dks i<+ fy;k vkSj gkFk idM+ dj
gqT+kwj “kEls ekjgjk ds jkSt+s esa FkksM+h nsj dks rUgk NksM+
vk,] tc g+kykr Bhd gq, rks ukuk vCck ckgj r”kjhQ+
yk, vkSj mlh “ksj ds ils eUt+j esa nsj jkr rd f[k+rkc
Q+jek;kA
eqEcbZ dh ljt+ehu ij vkt tks lqfUu;r dh
cgkjsa gSa og vYykg ds Q+T+y ls gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek dh
t+krs eqckjd dh otg ls gSaA eqEcbZ dk tqywls eqg+Eenh
gks ;k tqywls x+kSfl+;k] eqg+jZe dh etfyl gks] eqEcbZ esa
slaughter house esa t+Cg “kjb+Z dk eLkyk gks lc ds lc
gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek dh dksf”k”kksa dk urhtk gSaA eqg+jZe
dh eg+fQ+yksa dks ftl uT+eks t+Cr ds lkFk mUgksaus rjrhc
fn;k Fkk og d+kfcys nknks rg+lhu gSA iwjs fgUnqLrku ls
m+yek&,&nhu dks cqyokrs] cEcbZ dh eqfLye cfLr;ksa esa
vatqeusa rS;kj djkrs] fQj mYek dks f[k+rkc ds fy;s
eqd+jZj Q+jekrs] fQj vkf[k+j ds fnuksa esa mYek vkSj v+oke
dks fHkaMh cktkj esa bdV~Bk djds okfd+;krs djcyk dk
bf[+rrkeh tylk eqUv+fd+n djrsA “kgknrs bekes gqlSu

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 88

ij muds f[k+rkc lquus ds fy;s x+Sj elyd ds yksx Hkh
tek gks tkrs] og tkurs Fks fd ?kj dh ckr ?kj okys gh
lgh crk,¡xsA
gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek v+ySfgjZg+ek viuh rUt+heh
vkSj d+kbnkuk lykfg+;rksa ds g+okys ls viuh t+kr ds
g+okys ls ml nkSj esa rUgk ut+j vkrs gSaA ;g og nkSj
Fkk fd tc g+t+jr eq¶+rh&,&vkt+es fgUn] g+t+jr
v+Yykek “kkg v+Cnqy d+nhj lkg+c cnk;wuh
¼eq¶+rh&,&vkt+e] gSnjkckn½ g+t+jr eqg+fn~nl+s vkt+es
fgUn dNkSNoh] g+t+jr g+kfQ+t+s feYyr] g+t+jr eg+cwcs
feYyr] g+t+jr eqtkfgns feYyr tSls t¸;n mYek vkSj
e”kkb[k+ tekv+rs vg~ys lqUur esa ekStwn FksA ,sls esa gqT+kwj
l¸;nqy mYek us cnv+d+hnxh ds f[k+ykQ+ tax dk
,yku fd;k vkSj vius et+gc o elyd dh g+D+d+kfu;r
dks rlyhe djkus dk chM+k mBk;k vkSj ,d ,slk
platform fn;k tgk¡ ls feYyr dh d+;knr vkSj Hkjiwj
jguqekbZ gqbZA g+t+jr dks bu reke mYek vkSj e”kkb[k+ us
eqRrfQ+d+ gksdj l¸;nqy mYek dks lnj ekukA vki
vkf[k+jh lk¡l rd lqUuh tehv+rqy mYek ds lnj jgs]
iwjs eqYd esa ?kjckj NksM+dj feYyr vkSj lqfUu;r ds
fy;s dke djrs jgsA
,d erZck gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek rut+he ds dqN
yksxksa ds joS;s ls ukjkt+ gq, vkSj bLrhQ+k ns fn;kA
vkids bLrhQ+k dk lqudj cjsyh ls g+t+jr
eq¶+rh&,&vkt+e ekSykuk eqLrQ+k jt+k [k+k¡ lkg+c
v+ySfgjZg+ek eqEcbZ r”kjhQ+ ys x, vkSj efLtn [kM+d esa
tkdj gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek ds d+neksa esa viuk b+ekek

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 89

j[kdj bj”kkn Q+jek;k fd **l¸;n fe;k¡! ;g v+ekek rc
rd d+neksa esa jgsxk tc rd bLrhQ+k okil u gksxkA**
gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek d+kSe ds mu csckd vkSj eqf[+yl
yhMjksa esa ls Fks tks gqdwer vkSj l+jor dks viuh Bksdjksa
esa j[krs FksA g+t+jr “kQ+sZ feYyr us mudh lhjr dh cM+h
lPph rtZekuh vius bl “ksj esa Q+jekbZ%
fnjgeks nhukj esa jx+cr mUgsa Fkh gh ugha
ml Q+d+hjs csfj;k dh fny dh nkSyr vkSj Fkh
dksbZ g+kfde gks] dksbZ ot+hj ;k dksbZ gqdwer dk
uqekbank] ud+hcs cjdkfr;r l¸;nqy mYek mlls vk¡[k esa
vk¡[k Mkydj ckr djrs vkSj d+kSe ds fy;s tkbt+
eqrkyck Q+jekrsA
vkids vUnj rg+jhjks rluhQ+ dh csiukg
lykfg;rsa Fkha ysfdu rCyhx+h vkSj rUt+heh dkeksa us oD+r
u fn;k ysfdu tks Hkh fy[kk og ,slk tks vg~ys b+Ye dks
mudh v+kfyekuk vkSj vnhckuk “kku dk eksrfjQ+ djkrk
gSA QSt rEchg] ubZ jkS”kuh] eqd+n~nl [k+krwu]
[+kqRc&,&lnkjr vkidh d+yeh vkSj fQ+Øh ;knxkj gSaA
g+t+jr l¸;nqy mYek ,d cqyUn erZck “kk;j FksA
“kk;jh esa vkids mLrkn g+t+jr vg+lu ekjgjoh Fks]
g+t+jr vg+lu ekjgjoh nkx+ nsg~yoh ds “kkfxnZ FksA
vkidk r[k+Yyql l¸;n ekjgjoh FkkA e”kgwj lg+kQ+h
tykyr v+yh esgnh us l¸;nqy mYek ds bl “ksj ij
dgk fd budk ;g “ksj dbZ cM+s “kk;jksa ds dyke ij
Hkkjh gSA og “ksj ;g gS%
^^tekys ySy&,&egey u Fkk bruk fxjk¡ ek;k
fd ckt+h bl is yxrh d+Sl ds VwVs gq, fny dhA**

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 90

gtjr l¸;nqy mYek ds ;g “ksj Hkh eqykg+t+k gks%
^^ek¡x ysrs gS a dHkh lkst+us fe”kxk¡ muls
Mkydj rkjs fuxkg t+[+e fl;k djrs gSaA**
vkSj tc ukr vkSj eUd+cr ds eSnku dh rjQ+
Q+jekrs gSa rks bZeku vkSj v+d+hns ds Qwy muds pkgus
okyksa ds fny esa f[ky mBrs gSaA Q+jekrs gSa%
fdlh dh t; fot; ge D;ksa iqdkjsa D;k x+jt+ ge dks
gesa dkQ+h gS l¸;n viuk ukjk ;k jlwyYykg!
^esjh tk¡ is d+Ct+k gS vPNs fe;k¡ dk
esjs fny ds eq[k+rkj uwjh fe;k¡ gSa
gS [k+kd+s enhuk nok gj ejt+ dh
eq>s blesa cw, f”kQ+k vk jgh gSA*
g+t+jr l¸;nqy mYek l¸;n “kkg vkys eqLrQ+k
l¸;n fe;k¡ dks muds ukuktku lYyYykgq vySfg o
lYye us vius nhu dh rCyhx+ dk ;g buke v+rk
Q+jek;k fd tc vki g+t dks r”kjhQ+ ys x, rks 33 fnu
vius vkd+k ds jkSt+s ij jkr fnu g+kft+j jgs] ckjxkgs
fjlkyr esa nqv+k, lSQ+h c”krsZ dchj i<+hA gqT+kwj vg+luqy
mYek us vius bl “ksj esa bldk bt+gkj Qjek;k%
i<+h fgt+sZ ;ekuh cSBdj rSarhl fnu vkd+k ds jkSt+s ij
vnk djds ;g vius “ks[k+ dh lqUur dks vk, gSa
muds “ks[k+ vkSj ukuktku eqtfn~nns cjdkfr;r Hkh
ljdkj ds jkSt+s ij ;g v+ey i<+dj vk, FksA
l¸;nqy mYek et+gc o elyd dh fg+Q+kt+r ds
g+okys ls cgqr l[+r joS;k j[krs] mUgksaus jgrh ft+Unxh
rd dksbZ Compromise nhu o lqfUu;r ls ugha fd;kA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 91

tc muds csVs g+t+jr uT+eh fe;k¡ tkfe;k fefYy;k esa
rkyhe g+kfly dj jgs Fks rc l¸;nqy mYek us mudks
,d [k+r ds t+fj;s tks ulhg+r vkSj rCyhx+ dh mldks
ns[kdj ;g vUnkt+k gksrk gS fd og cjdkfr;ksa ;g fy;s
bZekuh uqL[k+k gSA
**nhu o et+gc ds ekeys esa eSaus rqEgsa iq[+rk dj
fn;k gS] rqeus cjlksa esjs lkFk jg dj rCyhx+h] nhuh]
et+gch mrkj p<+ko ns[ks gSa] og v+d+kbn o mlwy tks
[k+kudkgs cjdkfr;k ds cqT+kqxksaZ ls eq>s vekur esa feys
eSaus rqEgkjs g+kSlys vkSj t+:jr ds yk,d+ vPNh rjg rqEgsa
crk fn;sA bl ekeys esa lquks lc dh vkSj jgks vius ?kj
dh rkyhe ijA ;g lc blfy;s fy[k jgk gw¡ fd rqe
igyh ckj ?kj ls ckgj fudys gks vkSj ckgj rjg rjg
dh vkcks gok gS exj rqe viuh [k+kud+kgh rjfc;r
gjfxt+ u HkqykukA rqEgsa vPNh rjg irk gS fd rqedks
geus ;g rjfc;r nh gS fd nhuks et+gc ds ekeys esa
fdlh fj”rs dh dksbZ vgfe;r ugha] vLy fj”rk vius
vkd+k enuh rktnkj dh xqykeh dk gSA cnu dk dksbZ
fg+Llk vxj lM+ tk, rks eSa dkVdj dpjsnku esa Mky
nw¡xk vkSj ;g u lkspw¡xk fd [+kqnk u [+okLrk og esjk
bdykSrk csVk gSA cl! blls T+;knk dqN ugha dguk gSA**
gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek dk ;g [k+r flQ+Z ,d csVs
dks cki dk [k+r ugha cfYd reke pkgus okyksa vkSj
flyflys okyksa ds fy;s Hkh rjfc;r dk lqugjk ckc gS
tks gj “k[+l dh jguqekbZ djsxkA
vkf[k+j m+ez esa usiky r”kjhQ+ ys x, tgk¡ cgqr ls
[k+kunku flyfly, v+kfy;k d+kfnjh;k cjdkfr;k esa

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 92

nkf[k+y gq,A dbZ yksx vkids gkFk ij bLyke yk,A
vkidks [k+kuokn&,&cjdkfr;k ekjgjk eqrg~gjk ds d+nhe
o tnhn reke flyflyksa ds lkFk reke ft+Ø] fonZ]
v”kx+ky vkSj dqjvkus ethn dh fd+jr vkSj g+nhl+ dh
fjok;r dh lunksa vkSj [k+kunkuh ekewykr dh nqv+kvksa dh
btkt+r vkSj cSv+rks f[k+ykQ+r vius ukuk g+t+jr “kkg
bLekbZy g+lu lkg+c ls FkhA gqT+kwj rktqy mYek ls Hkh
f[k+ykQ+r g+kfly FkhA buds v+ykok l¸;n “kkg esagnh
g+lu lkg+c vkSj g+t+jr “kkg bfrZt+k gqlSu ihj fe;k¡
lkg+c us Hkh f[k+ykQ+r o btkt+r nsdj viuk olh vkSj
tku”khu Q+jek;kA
10] 11 tqekny m[k+jk 1394 fgtjh dh njfe;kuh
jkr 11 ctdj 40 feuV ij gVZ vVSd dh otg ls bl
[k+Re gks tkus okyh nqfu;k ls ges”kk ckd+h jgus okys
tgk¡ dh rjQ+ dwp Q+jek;kA ekjgjk eqrg~gjk esa vius
ukuk vkSj eqf”kZn g+t+jr “kkg eqg+Een bLekb+Zy g+lu
lkg+c ds jkSt+s esa n¶+u gq,A
gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek ds [+kqyQ+k dh Q+sgfjLr cM+h
rohy gSA ;gk¡ dqN [+kqyQ+k&,&fdjke dk ft+Ø fd;k
tkrk gS%
l¸;n “kkg vkys jlwy g+luSu fe;k¡ uT+eh] “kQ+sZ
feYyr g+t+jr l¸;n eqg+Een v”kjQ+] g+t+jr v+Yykek
eq¶+rh v[k+rj jt+k [k+ku vt+gjh] g+t+jr ekSykuk lwQ+h
l[k+kor v+yh] g+t+jr ekSykuk xqyke v+Cnqy d+kfnj
v+yoh] cjkÅ¡ “kjhQ+] g+t+jr ekSykuk xqyke v+Cnqy d+kfnj
[k=hA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 93

vg+luqy mYek] fljktqy vlfQ+;k g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg eqLrQ+k g+Snj
g+lu fe;k¡ d+knjh jg+erqYykg v+ySg
g+t+jr “kQ+sZ feYyr vius okfyns ekftn gqT+kwj
vg+luqy m+Yek v+ySfgjZg+ek dh foyknrs eqckjd ds ckjs
esa cM+s gh fnyu”kha vUnkt+ esa Q+jekrs gSa%
**vkidh iSnkb”k 1345 fgtjh esa g+t+jr l¸;n
“kkg vkys v+ck ekjgjoh ds ;gk¡ gqbZA iSnkb”k ds oD+r
vki lj ls iSj rd ,d d+qnjrh fx+ykQ+ esa fyiVs gq, Fks
vkSj ml fx+ykQ+ ds Åijh fg+Lls ij rkt dh “kDy cuh
gqbZ Fkh] nkbZ us t+ehu ij gkFk ekjdj vius yk[k dk
dM+k rksM+k vkSj mldh uksd ls fx+ykQ+ dks dkVkA** vkSj
fx+ykQ+ ls g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek vius uwjkuh oqtwn ds
lkFk nqfu;k esa r”kjhQ+ yk,A
vkidks cSv+rks f[k+ykQ+r vius ukuk eqtfn~nns
cjdkfr;r g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg blekb+Zy g+lu d+knjh
cjdkrh ls FkhA vkids g+d+hd+h ekew g+t+jr rktqy mYek
v+ySfgjZg+ek us Hkh vkidks f[k+ykQ+rks btkt+r v+rk
Q+jekbZA
vkius dq+jkus vt+he dh rkyhe viuh okfynk
ekftnk vkSj g+kfQt+ vCnqy jg+eku ekjgjoh ls g+kfly dhA
mnwZ dh bfCrnkbZ rkyhe eqU”kh lbZnqíhu lkg+c ls g+kfly
dhA vaxzst+h ds dqN lcd+ ekLVj lehm+n~nhu lkg+c ls

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 94

i<+sA g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek vaxzst+h fy[kk Hkh cgqr m+Enk
djrs Fks vkSj cksyus vkSj le>us esa Hkh ekfgj FksA nlsZ
fut+keh dh rkyhekr vius ekew g+t+jr rktqy m+yek] cM+s
HkkbZ g+t+jr l¸;nqy m+yek] [k+yhyqy m+yek ekSykuk [k+yhy
vg+en [k+k¡ ekjgoh] ekSykuk x+qyke thykuh] ekSykuk g”ker
vyh [k+k¡ lkg+c ihyhHkhrh jg+erqYykg vySfge ls gkfly
dhA lqywd dh rkyhe vius ukuk eqtfíns cjdkfr;r ds
t+sjs rjfc;r gkfly Q+jekbZA
g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek ,d csgrjhu g+kfQ+t+ o
d+kjh FksA muds lhus esa dqjvkus ikd vkf[k+jh lk¡lksa rd
T;ksa dk R;ksa eg+Q+wt+ FkkA viuh g+;krs eqckjdk esa cgqr
ckj esg+jkcsa lqukbZaA eqEcbZ esa rUgk nks “kchus lquk,A
vg+luqy mYek dks muds vdkfcj ls b+Ye] “kjhv+r]
ekjQ+r] rnCcqj] bfUdlkjh] lknk fet+kth] vkyk fnekx+h]
l[k+kor o Q+¸;kt+h [+kwc [+kwc fojl+s esa feyh FkhA vki
vius tn~ns vkyk lkfg+cqy cjdkr dh rjg gqdwer]
g+kfdeksa vkSj fl;klrnkuksa ls cgqr nwj jgrs FksA dHkh
fdlh dk jksc dqcwy ugha fd;k] cM+s cM+s fefuLVj vkSj
xouZj g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek ls ekjgjk vkdj feyuk
kgrs Fks ysfdu gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek ekt+jr dj ysrs FksA
gtjr vg+luqy mYek jg+erqYykg v+ySg
[k+kud+kgh rCyhx+h el:fQ+;kr ds ckoqtwn rluhQ+ks
rkyhQ+ ds fy;s Hkh oD+r fudkyk djrs FksA vkidh pUn
rlkuhQ+ ;g gSa%
1& vg~yqYykg Q+h rQ+lhfj x+S:Yykg 2& nok,
fny 3& en~nkg+s eqf”kZn 4& vg~ys lqUur dh vkokt+

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 95

5& 1973 ds eq[+rfyQ+ rCyhx+h nkSjksa dh :nkn] blds
v+ykok dbZ et+kehu vkius jd+e Q+jek,A
g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek vius vdkfcj dh rjg
“kk;jh dk vkyk t+kSd+ j[krs FksA et+gch “kk;jh ds
v+ykok cgkfj;k “ksj Hkh Q+jek;k djrs FksA vkids uewu,
dyke ls pUn bfD+rcklkr is”k gSaA ukr ds “ksj esa
Q+jekrs gSa%
^^eqg+Een vkc:, eksfeuk¡ gSa
eqg+Een ckn”kkgs eqlZyk¡ gSaA
g+lu lqu gkfrQ+s x+Sch iqdkjk
cQ+T+ys jc oks rq> is esgjck¡ gSaA**
^^eqd+n~nj ls vxj ljdkj esa tkuk e;Llj gks
rks tks dqN esjs fny esa gS oks lc dqN esjs yc ij gksA
rqEgkjk gqDe gS tkjh o lkjh lkjs v+kye esa
u D;ksadj gks fd rqe ukbcs [k+Yykd+s vdcj gksA**
ckjxkgs x+kSfl+;r esa v+t+Z djrs gSa%
^^vkils dqN v+t+Z ds d+kfcy dgk¡
eq> ls ukyk,d+ dh ;s dteqt t+ck¡A
fQj Hkh vius yqRQ+ ls esjk c;k¡
lqu gh yhft;s ,s esjs dqrqcs t+ek¡A**

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P a g e | 96

vius ukuk eqf”kZn dh ckjxkg esa ;w¡ f[k+jkts
v+d+hnr is”k djrs gSa%
^^;s xkxj gS g+kth fe;k¡ ck[+kqnk dh
uch ds nqykjs “kgs cklQ+k dh
g+lu ,d vnuk lxs d+kleh gS
jgs rk vcn bl is jg+er [+kqnk dhA**
vkids cgkfj;k dyke ds pUn v”kv+kj eqykg+t+k
Q+jek,¡%
^^tks lqdw¡ u jkl vk;k rks tquw¡ esa <y jgk gw¡
x+es ft+Unxh ls dg nks fd eSa :[k+ cny jgk gw¡*
rsjs gj flre dks eSaus c[+kq”kh fd;k xokjk]
rks fQj ,s Q+yd crk ns rq>s D;ksa eSa [ky jgk gw¡
;s cT+es b+”d+ gS ;gk¡ t+Q+sZ fny dh tk¡p gksrh gS]
;gk¡ iks”kkd ls vUnkt+, bUlk¡ ugha gksrkA**
gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek ds Q+t+ZUn g+t+jr “kQ+sZ
feYyr us muds ukes ukeh l¸;n “kkg eqLrQ+k g+Snj
g+lu fe;k¡ d+knjh ds gq:Q+ dh fuLcr ls tks mudh
lhjr dk uD+”kk [khapk og ykbd+s ln gt+kj rg+lhu gSA
tgk¡ ckr l;knr ls “kq: gqbZ gS vkSj vkxs ;kns
bykgh] fnytksbZ] “khjha c;kuh] myQ+rs jlwy] fgEer]
eqg+Ccrs vkSfy;k, fdjke] lqnwjs d”Q+ o djker] rjhd+,
vtnkn ij v+ey] Q+qt+yk dh b+T+t+r] ;xkuxrs vkek]
fg+Ye] ;d+hu dh nkSyr] nhu dh f[k+ner] fj;kdkjh ls
uQ+jr] fg+der dh ckrsa djus dh v+knr] ljnkjh] userksa

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P a g e | 97

dh rd+lhe] esgeku uokt+h] bUlku uokt+h] uekt+ksa ls
myQ+r] d+knfj;r ls b+”d+] vb+T+t+k ijojh] nfj;k fnyh]
;d+hus eqgde v+eys iSge dh rQ+lhj ;s lc [++kqlwfl;rsa
ped jgh Fkha l¸;n “kkg eqLrQ+k g+Snj g+lu d+knjh dh
t+krs eqckjd esaA
g+t+jr vg+luqy my+ek reke [k+kunkuh vkeky o
v”kx+ky ds cgqr ikcUn FksA e”kkb[k+s [k+kunkus cjdkfr;k
dk vk/kh jkr ds ckn ot+hQ+k frykor djus dk ekewy
dHkh ukx+k u gqvkA ftl jkr folky Q+jekus okys FksA
ml jkr Hkh vkius og ot+hQ+k ml fnu esa frykor
Q+jek fy;k FkkA vYykg rckjd o rv+kyk us vkids
gkFk esa :gkuh f”kQ+k cgqr dljr ls vrk Q+jek;h FkhA
rkoht+ ,slk iqj vlj gksrk Fkk ftldks v+rk Q+jek fn;k
ml “k[+l dh lkjh rdyhQ+sa gqDes [+kqnk ls Q+kSju jQ+k
nQ+k gks tkrhA ftUukr] vl+j] vklsc dks rks g+kft+j
djds ltk nsdj nQ+k Q+jekrsA cnk;w¡ “kjhQ+ ds ,d
eqjhn vuoj d+kleh lkg+c ds ;gk¡ l[+r vklsc dk vlj
gqvk vkSj canjksa dh “kDy esa geykvkoj gksrk FkkA g+t+jr
vg+luqy mYek vius [k+kunkuh fpjkx+ ds lkFk r”kjhQ+
ys x;sA vklsc dks g+kft+j fd;k vkSj mlds lkeus
cSBkdj mldks l[+r rEchg dh tc og u ekuk rks
ltk,¡ nsdj nQ+k fd;kA
g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek esa lqywd o nosZ”kh ds
b”kkjs cpiu gh ls t+kfgj FksA vkidh cgu l¸;nk
t+kfgnk [k+krwu jg+erqYykg vySfg vkids cpiu dk
c;ku djrs gq, Q+jekrh gSa fd g+lu fe;k¡ dks cpiu gh
ls [ksy dwn ;k “kjkjrksa esa dksbZ fnypLih u FkhA muesa

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P a g e | 98

erkur vkSj lathnxh cpiu gh ls t+kfgj Fkh] ikyrw
tkuojksa dk [+kwc [+;ky j[krs] mudks nkuk ikuh vkSj
rdyhQ+ igq¡pkus okys tkuojksa ls cpkus ds fy;s [+kqn dks
cgqr el:Q+ j[krsA
g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek vius okfynSu ds cgqr
lv+knrean csVs Fks] vius okfynSu ds fy;s jkst+ jkr dks
ikuh j[krs] yksVs dh VksVh esa fxyksjh yxk nsrs fd dksbZ
dhM+k edksM+k mlesa u nkf[k+y gks tk,A ,d fnu muds
okfyn us fdlh ckr ij ;g gqDe fn;k fd eksa<s dks
mYVk djds [kM+s gks tkvks] okfynk vius dkeksa esa
el:Q+ gks xbZa] cgqr oD+r xqt+j tkus ds ckn ns[kk fd
g+t+jr oSls gh [kM+s gSaA okfyn us iwNk% vc rd D;ksa [kM+s
gks\ rks Qjek;k% vkidk gqDe eq>s ugha gqvk Fkk fd eSa
gV tkšA vkt gedks Hkh vius e[k+nwe dh bl
Q+jek¡cjnkjh vkSj okfynSu dh brkv+r ds okfd+;s ls
lcd+ ysuk pkfg;sA
g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek ds psgj&,&eqckjd esa
vYykg rv+kyk us og df”k”k v+rk Q+jekbZ Fkh fd nsj
jkr rd etek flQ+Z muds nhnkj dks cSBk jgrkA
esgeku uokt+h] l[k+kor] Q+¸;kt+h] fg+der] mYek uokt+h]
enjlksa] efLtnksa vkSj b+Yeh dkeksa esa enn] v+kftt+h o
bfUdlkjh vkSj b+cknrks fj;kt+r vkidh [k+kl [+kwfc;k¡
FkhaA
g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek dks tc Qqjlr feyrh rks
enjlk d+kfleqy cjdkr esa r”kjhQ+ ykdj nlZ o
rnjhl dh f[k+nekr vatke nsrsA

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P a g e | 99

vki 54 lky rd efLtns cjdkrh esa uekt+s tqek
ls igys ov+t+ks ulhg+r dk xqfyLrk¡ egdkrs jgsA f[k+rkc
,slk gksrk Fkk fd vxj rd+jhj dks Nkuks rks 90 Q+hln
dqjvkuks g+nhl+ dh ckrsa vkSj ckd+h cqT+kqxksaZ ds okfd+;krA
mudh rd+jhjksa ds fjdkWMZ eg+Q+wt+ gSa ,d ,d y¶+t+ b+Ye
vkSj ekjQ+r dk [k+t+kuk eg+lwl gksrk gSA T+kqcku vkSj
vnc ij vkidh b+Yeh fxj¶+r cgqr et+cwr Fkh] v+jch
vkSj Q+kjlh xzkej esa vkidks eydk g+kfly FkkA vkyk
g+t+jr ds dyke ij Authority j[k+rs vkSj g+nkbd+s
cf[+”k”k ds g+kfQ+t+ o eqQ+fLlj FksA vkyk g+t+jr ds
dyke dks ftl rQ+lhy ls c;ku Q+jekrs og mudk gh
fg+Llk FkkA
vYykg rv+kyk gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek ds Q+St+ku
dks ;w¡gh tkjh j[ks vkSj muds fe”ku dks fnu nwuh jkr
pkSxquh rjD+d+h v+rk Q+jek,A
g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek dh eg+fQ+y esa tks nhuh
ekg+kSy d+k;e jgrk mldh xokgh muds gkft+j ck”k ns
ldrs gSaA vkidh egfQ+y esa lathnk xq¶+rqxw djus okys
gh cSB ldrs gSaA g+t+jr dh xqQ+rxw+ dk cs”krj fg+Llk
dqjku dh rkyhekr] lhjrs jlwy] ft+Øs lgk+ck] cqt+qZxkus
flyflyk gksrkA vki ges”kk eqLdqjk dj lknk vke Q+ge
xqQ+rqxw Q+jekrsA yksxksa ds fnyksa dks rlYyh nsus okys
dyekr t+cku eqckjd ls vnk gksrsA m+yek&,&fdjke
dh cgqr d+nz Q+jekrsA tks eqfEdu enn mudks njdkj
gksrh og cjxkgs vg+luqy mYek ls dh tkrhA gqT+kwj
vg+luqy mYek us cs”krj nhuh enkfjl vkSj bYes nhu ds
dkeksa dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, viuh t+kr dks is”k is”k

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P a g e | 100

j[kkA m+yek&,&fdjke dh bl ntkZ d+nz Q+jekrs fd
m+lZ dh eg+fQ+yksa esa [+kqn uhps Q+”kZ ij r”kjhQ+ j[krs
vkSj mYek dks feEcj ij fcBkrs vkSj m+yek&,&fdjke ds
njfe;u Hkh g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek dh t+kr ejdts+
ut+j Fkh dksbZ Hkh bf[+rykQ+ vg~ys lqUur esa gksrk rks
g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek gh dh t+kr Q+Slys ds fy,
eqUr[k+c gksrhA
vkidk fudkg lhrkiqj ds ek:Q+ ud+oh lknkr
?kjkus esa l¸;nk eg+cwc Q+frek udoh lkfg+ck ejgwek ls
gqvkA ftuls 6 lkg+ct+kns vkSj nks lkg+ct+knh iSnk gqbZ]
cM+s lkg+ct+kns l¸;n eqg+EEkn tehy vkSj l¸;n eqg+Een
[k+kfyn vkSj ,d lkgc+t+knh l¸;nk d+kfnfj;k cpiu gh
esa folky dj x,A g+t+jr vehus feYyr] g+t+jr “kQZ+s
feYyr] g+t+jr vQ+t+y fe;k¡] g+t+jr jQ+hds+ feYyr vkSj
lkfg+ct+knh l¸;nk lehuk Q+kfrek ck g+;kr gSaA
vkidk folky fny dh chekjh ds lcc 15
jchm+L+l+kuh 11 flrEcj 1995 b+Z0@15 jchm+L+l+kuh 1416
fgtjh fnYyh ds ts- ch- iar vLirky esa jkr dks 8 ct
dj 50 feuV ij gqvkA tukt+k “kjhQ+ eqckjd ekjgjk
“kjhQ+ yk;k x;kA vkidk et+kjs eqckjd vius ukuk] ekew
vkSj HkkbZ ds ikl gSA bUrd+ky ls igys vius nqfu;k ls
tkus ds [kqys b”kkjs Q+jek,A vius lkg+ct+knksa ls
eqLdqjkdj Q+jek;k% ^^ge pys fi;k ds nsl**A g+t+jr
vehus feYyr ls x+kSl+s ikd dh “kku esa eUd+cr lquh
vkSj b”kkjs ls iwNk% bUgsa tkurs gks\ xks;k fd ljdkjs
x+kSl+s vkt+e ogk¡ r”kjhQ+ j[krs gksaA g+t+jr “kQ+sZ feYyr
ls frykors dqjvkus ikd lekv+r Q+jekbZ] g+t+jr jQ+hd+s

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P a g e | 101

feYyr ls Q+jek;k fd **eLyds vkyk g+t+jr ij et+cwrh
ls d+k;e jguk** vius [k+kfnes [k+kl ls psgjs ij ikuh
yxok;k tks fd folky dh lqUur gS] [+kqn dks lh/kk
fd;k] fu;r ck¡/kh vkSj ;k vYykg] ;k jg+eku] ;k jg+he
dgrs gq, vius g+d+hd+h ekfyd ds gqT+kwj g+kft+j gq,A
t+kfgjh ft+Unxh esa vkSj folky ds ckn Hkh lSdM+ksa djkersa
mudh t+krs eqckjd ls t+kfgj gqbZaA lcls cM+h djkekr
rks ;gh gS fd iwjs [k+kud+kgh fut+ke dks viuh t+krs
eqckjd ls rlOoqQ+ ds jax esa jax fn;kA lkFk gh d+kSe dh
dke;kch ds fy;s nqfu;koh rkyhe dk [+okc tkfe;k
vy&cjdkr dh “kDy esa ns[kk ftldks muds yk,d+
lkg+ct+knxku us iwjk fd;kA
vkids [+kqyQ+k esa lkg+ct+knxku ds v+ykok vius
oD+r dh v+t+he “kf[+l¸;rksa dk uke vkrk gSA pUn ,d
;s gSa% g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg T+;kmn~nhu frfeZt+h dkYih
“kjhQ+] g+t+jr eq¶+rh eqg+Een v[k+rj jt+k lkg+c vt+gjh]
g+t+jr eq¶+rh [k+yhy vg+en cjdkrh lkg+c ¼ikfdLrku½]
g+t+jr eq¶+rh eqg+Een “kjhQ+qy g+d+ vetnh ¼cjdkrh
eq¶+rh½] g+t+jr lwQ+h fut+keqn~nhu lkg+c] eq¶+rh
tykyqn~nhu vg+en vetnh] cg+:y m+ywe eq¶+rh eqg+Een
v+Cnqy eUuku lkg+c vkt+eh] ekSykuk lqCg+ku jt+k lkg+c
ox+SjkA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 102

okfjl+s iatru g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg ;g+;k g+lu
d+knjh m+Q+Z vPNs lkg+c jg+erqYykg v+ySg
okfjl+s iatru g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg eqg+Een ;g+;k
g+lu m+Q+Z vPNs lkg+c v+ySfgjZg+ek dh foyknr 20
jchm+L+l+kuh 1344 fgtjh@7 uoEcj 1925 b+Z0 esa ekjgjk
“kjhQ+ esa gqbZA vki l¸;n elwn g+lu lkg+c ds
lkg+ct+kns Fks tks g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkSykns jlwy lkg+c
ds iksrs FksA bfCrnkbZ rkyhe vius cqT+kqxksaZ ¼[k+kl rkSj ls
g+t+jr rktqy m+yek½ ls g+kfly dh fQj vkyk rkyhe
ds fy;s vki v+yhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh r”kjhQ+ ys x,
vkSj ogk¡ ls ,e- ,- dh fMxzh g+kfly dhA ,d t+ekus
rd og ekjgjk esa jgs vkSj vius ppk g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg
vkSykns uch NEek fe;k¡ v+ySfgjZg+ek ds lkFk m+lsZ uwjh dh
ft+Eesnkfj;k¡ fuHkkrs jgsA
g+t+jr ;g+;k fe;k¡ lkg+c ,d v+jls rd
xks”kku”khu jgs fQj lu 1987 esa vius ppktku ds
folky ds ckn ekjgjk “kjhQ+ vius ?kj okil ykSVdj
lTtknku”khuh ds eUlc ij Q+kbt+ gq, vkSj m+lsZ uwjh dks
ckd+kbnk mlh “kkuks “kkSdr ls “kq: Q+jek;kA ekjgjk
“kjhQ+ r”kjhQ+ ykdj ,d fnu okfjl+s iatru us gqT+kwj
vg+luqy mYek ls v+t+Z fd;k fd eq>s viuk NksVk csVk
uthc ns nksA g+t+jr us Q+jek;k% pkjksa csVs vkids gSa vxj
uthc fe;k¡ dks ys tkuk pkgrs gSa rks ys tkb;sA folky

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 103

ls dqN lky igys g+t+jr okfjl+s iatru us g+t+jr
jQ+hd+s feYyr dks viuk okfjl+ o tku”khu eqd+jZj djds
mudh lTtknku”khuh dk ,yku Q+jek;k] oyh v+g~nh dh
nLrkj ck¡/kh] [k+jd+kiks”kh ds fnu vius gejkg njxkgs
eqv+Yyk xn~nh ds tqywl esa jQ+hd+s feYyr dks ysdj x,A
g+t+jr ;g+;k fe;k¡ lkg+c cM+s v[k+ykd+ean]
l[k+kor ds iSdj FksA xw¶+rxw ds Q+u esa ekfgj] ftl
eg+fQ+y esa ekStwn gksa cl ogh oks ut+j vkrs Fks] vkyk
ntsZ dh [k+kfrjnkjh djus okys] NksVk gks ;k cM+k lc ds
lkFk ,d lk lqywd] mudk nLrj[+oku muds fny dh
rjg+ cM+kA ,d erZck v+yhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh esa ,d
tyls esa r”kjhQ+ yk, vkSj cM+h gh ekywekrh vkSj
“kkunkj rd+jhj Q+jekbZA d+kSeh] fl;klh] lekth ekeykr
esa Hkh vki xgjh fuxkg j[krs FksA World Islamic
Mission ds Chairman jgrs gq, viuh d+herh vkSj
eq[k+fyl f[k+nekr vatke nhaA ckcjh efLtn ds ekeys ij
[+kqn is”kd+neh djrs gq, ogk¡ nkSjk fd;k vkSj gqdwer dks
cgqr csckdh ls viuh jk; ds ckjs esa crk;k fd ckcjh
efLtn bl oD+r eg+Q+wt+ ugha gS ftlls feYyrs
bLykfe;k dks jkg+r o g+kSlyk feyk vkSj viuh :g+kuh
d+;knr ij cgqr Hkjkslk Hkh gqvkA okfjl+s iatru
[k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k dh reke fjok;rksa ds vehu vkSj
cqT+kqxksaZ ds okfd+;kr ds g+kfQ+t+ FksA Q+d+hjkuk fet+kt dh
otg ls v+oke esa mudh ed+cwfy;r dk v+kye fujkyk
Fkk ftldk vUnkt+k muds tukt+s ds etes dks ns[kdj
gqvkA g+t+jr okfjl+s iatru [+kwclwjr] g+lhu] iqjuwj psgjs

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P a g e | 104

ds ekfyd FksA tc og v+ekek “kjhQ+ ck¡/kdj fudyrs rks
cqT+kqxksaZ dh ;knxkj yxrs FksA
reke chekjh vkSj det+ksjh ds ckn Hkh nqfu;k Hkj
ds rCyhx+h nkSjs Q+jekrs] vius eqjhnksa vkSj pkgus okyksa dh
gj [+kq”kh vkSj x+e esa “kjhd gksrsA lTtknku”khuh ds ckn
v+jc] vejhdk vkSj ;wjksi ds nkSjs Hkh fd;s vkSj [k+kud+kgs
cjdkfr;k ds iSx+ke dks v+ke fd;kA cgqr de fx+t+k [kkrs
ysfdu esgekuksa dks lkeus [kM+s gksdj [+kwc rjg rjg ds
[kkus f[kykrs FksA vxj vk/kh jkr dks Hkh esgeku vk x;k
rks [k+kfneksa dks fgnk;r gksrh fd [kkuk igys nksA
mudks vius nksLr g+chc vuoj T+kqcSjh lkg+c ls
fnyh yxko Fkk vkSj T+kqcSjh lkg+c Hkh okfjl+s iatru dh
eqg+Ccr esa gj lky baXyS.M ls ekjgjk r”kjhQ+ ykrs vkSj
mUgha ds ikl BgjrsA
okfjl+s iatru dk folky 18 “kkcku 1433
fgtjh@21 tqykbZ 2012 b+Z0 tqesjkr ds fnu fnYyh esa
b+ykt ds nkSjku gqvkA tukt+k ekjgjk yk;k x;k] ,d
cM+s etes us g+t+jr vehus feYyr dh bfD+rnk esa uekt+s
tukt+k vnk dh vkSj fQj njxkgs cjdkfr;k esa g+t+jr
NEek fe;k¡ ds jkSt+s esa okfjl+s iatru dks lqiqnsZ et+kj
fd;k x;kA mudh [+okfg”k Fkh fd mudk tukt+k lcls
igys muds pkjksa Hkrhts mBk,¡ fygkt+k g+t+jr vehus
feYyr] “kQ+sZ feYyr] jQ+hd+s feYyr vkSj vQ+t+y fe;k¡
lkg+c mudks vius dk¡/ks ij ?kj ls [k+kud+kg “kjhQ+ rd
yk, fQj etes ds g+okys fd;kA okfjl+s iatru ds
pgYyqe ds fnu mYek o e”kkb[k+ dh ekStwnxh esa g+t+jr
jQ+hd+s feYyr dks mudh txg eluns lTtknxh ij

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P a g e | 105

jkSud+ vQ+jkst+ fd;k x;kA vc eluns uwfj;k ij g+t+jr
jQ+hd+s feYyr ljdkjs uwj ds Q+St+ku dks v+ke dj jgs gSaA
vkids [+kqyQ+k esa bu vge “kf[+l¸;kr ds uke
ntZ fd;s tkrs gSa%
g+t+jr “kQ+sZ feYyr l¸;n eqg+Een v”kjQ+
d+kfnjh] g+t+jr jQ+hd+s feYyr l¸;n uthc g+Snj uwjh]
g+t+jr MkWDVj l¸;n “kkfgn v+yh ukS”kkgh lkg+c
lTtknku”khu tuSBk “kjhQ+] g+t+jr ekSykuk l¸;n
v+CnqjZc] tukc [+oktk ,g+fr”kkeqn~nhu d+knjh] “kghns
cx+nkn g+t+jr ekSykuk mlSnqy g+d+ d+kfnjh lkg+c cnk;w¡
“kjhQ+A

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l¸;ns feYyr g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys jlwy
g+luSu fe;k¡ uT+eh ekjgjoh jgerqYykg v+ySg
g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys jlwy g+luSu fe;k¡ uT+eh
ekjgjoh g+qT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek ds bdykSrs csVs FksA vkidh
foyknr 6 jet+kuqy eqckjd 1365 fgtjh@14 vxLr
1946 esa dklxat ft+yk ,Vk esa gqbZA
bfCrnkbZ rkyhe dk vkx+kt+ enjlk d+kfleqy
cjdkr ls gqvk] dq+jvku ethn g+kfQ+t+ v+CnqjZg+eku lkg+c
ls i<+k] Q+kjlh dh rkyhe vius ppk fe;k¡ gqT+kwj
vg+luqy mYek v+ySfgjZg+ek ls g+kfly dhA cpiu gh esa
vius okfyn g+t+jr l¸;nqy mYek v+ySfgjZg+ek ds lkFk
eqEcbZ pys x,] izkbZejh dh rkyhe gkf”keh;k gkbZ Ldwy
ls g+kfly dhA lkFk gh lkFk okfyns ekftn nhuh rkyhe
vkSj [k+kunkuh m+ywe dh rkyhe o rjfc;r Q+jekrs jgsA
ekjgjk “kjhQ+ ls gkbZ Ldwy rd dh rkyhe g+kfly djus
ds ckn tkfe;k fefy;k bLykfe;k r”kjhQ+ ys x, vkSj
ogk¡ ls bLykeh m+ywe esa ,e- ,- dh fMxzh g+kfly dhA
rkyhe ds ckn UPSC bfErg+ku esa dke;kch g+kfly dhA
g+t+jr l¸;ns feYyr Information Broad casting ds
eqg+des esa eq[+rfyQ+ v+kgnksa ij Q+kbt+ jgs] lfoZl ds

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vkf[kjh lkyksa esa f“kyk¡x esa Press Information Bureauesa
Director dh g+Sfl+;r ls lqcqdnks”k gq,A
g+t+jr l¸;ns feYyr dh reke rkyhe muds
okfyns ekftn g+t+jr l¸;nqy mYek vkSj g+qT+kwj vg+luqy
mYek dh fuxjkuh esa gqbZA okfyns ekftn dh lksg+cr us
mudks reke nhuh o nqfu;koh ekeykr esa gj rjg ls
iDdk dj fn;k FkkA g+t+jr l¸;ns feYyr cpiu gh ls
fdrkcksa dk [+kwc eqrkyk djus okys jgs] lSdM+ksa fdrkcsa
i<+us ds ckn mudk t+g~u vyQ+kt+ dk ikj[k cu x;k
FkkA y¶+t+ ls D;k lksr QwV jgh gS\ fdlh y¶+t+ dh
vnch o rkjh[k+h g+Sfl+;r D;k gS\ bl ij mudks eydk
g+kfly FkkA g+t+jr l¸;ns feYyr dks cSv+rks f[k+ykQ+r
vius okfyns ekftn vkSj ppk fe;k¡ gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek
v+ySfgjZg+ek ls g+kfly FkhA g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek us
viuh lTtknku”khuh ds ekSd+s ij g+t+jr l¸;ns feYyr
vkSj g+t+jr vehus feYyr dks lcls igys f[k+ykQ+r v+rk
Q+jekbZA [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k dh ;g iqjkuh fjok;r gS
fd u;k lkfg+cs lTtknk lcls igys vg~ys [k+kunku dks
f[k+ykQ+r ls ljQ+jkt+ djrk gSA
g+t+jr l¸;ns feYyr nhuh o nqfu;koh m+ywe ij
xgjh ut+j j[krs FksA og b+Yes fj;kt+h vkSj b+Yes ekSlhd+h
esa xgjh fnypLih j[krs FksA mudh t+gkur] ekywekrs
vkEek] iqj et+kd+ rchv+r ds lHkh yksx d+k;y FksA
g+t+jr l¸;ns feYyr ulz vkSj uT+e nksuksa Q+uksa esa csg+n
eqErkt+ vkSj equQ+fjn FksA og ,d oD+r esa dbZ T+kqckuksa esa
egkjr j[krs Fks] vaxzst+h] mnwZ] fgUnh T+kqckusa rks deky ds
ntsZ rd vkrh FkhaA ukrxksbZ g+t+jr l¸;ns feYyr dk

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[k+kl eSnku Fkk] mnwZ] fgUnh] laLd`r rd esa ukrsa dgha]
cgqr dgha vkSj cgqr vPNh dghaA ukrxksbZ ds Q+u ls
g+t+jr uT+eh us viuh vyx “kuk[+r d+k,e dhA mudh
ukrxksbZ ds g+okys ls g+t+jr “kQ+sZ feYyr Q+jekrs gSa%
**g+t+jr uT+eh us b+jQ+kus eqLrQ+k ls ysdj uokft+”ks
eqLrQ+k rd dk lQ+j cgqr od+kj] ,g+fr;kr vkSj
rlylqy ds lkFk r; fd;kA** [+kqn dks beke vg+en
jt+k Q+kft+ys cjsyoh dh pyrh fQjrh djker rlOoqj
Q+jekrsA ,d “ksj esa ;w¡ ,rjkQ+ Q+jekrs gSa%
^^;s Q+St+s fdyds jt+k gS tks ukr dgrk gw¡
oxjuk ukr dgk¡ vkSj dgk¡ d+ye esjkA**
lcls igyk nhoku gh vkyk g+t+jr Q+kft+ys cjsyoh ds
ukfr;k dyke dh rt+ehuksa ij eq”rfey FkkA uT+eh
r[k+Yyql Q+jekrsA vkf[k+jh oD+r rd uT+eh vius fut+kes
uT+es uT+eh ls nqfu;k Hkj v+kf”kd+kus eqLrQ+k ds njfe;ku
ed+cwy o eg+cwc jgsA uT+eh ds v”kv+kj dh ,d uqek;k¡
[+kqlwfl;r tqT+;kr fuxkjh gSA NksVs NksVs VqdM+ksa esa
dSfQ+;r] okjnkr vkSj g+kykr dks bruh [+kwclwjr vkSj
equkflc rjhd+s ls “ksjh eUt+j ukes ij ykrs gSa fd “ksj dk
g+d+ vnk gks tkrk gSA ukrs eqLrQ+k esa vki ckt+kjh
vYQ+kt+ bLrseky djus ds l[+r eq[k+kfyQ+ gSaA vkyk
g+t+jr ds ckn eg+fQ+yksa esa vkidk dyke lcls T+;knk
i<+k vkSj lquk tkrk gSA
g+t+jrs uT+eh [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k dh lqugjh
fjok;rksa ds vehu FksA eqEcbZ esa lfoZl ds ckoqtwn m+lsZ
d+kfleh] m+lsZ lf¸;nh vkSj m+lsZ uwjh esa ,grseke ds lkFk

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r”kjhQ+ ykrs vkSj reke [k+kunkuh jLeksa esa vkxs vkxs
jgrsA vius pkgus okyksa dks **rkt+h jksVh f[kyk jgk gw¡**
dg dj ubZ ubZ ukr o eUd+cr lqukrsA
vkidh d+yeh f[k+nekr dk eSnku cgqr olh gSA
“kk;jh dk “kkSd+ rks ojl+k esa feyk FkkA vkidh b+Yeh o
d+yeh f[k+nekr ;g gSa%
1& uT+es bykgh% ;g bafXy”k T+kqcku esa lwj&,&cd+jk dh
rQ+lhj gS tks cjrkfu;k vkSj eykoh ds dbZ enjlksa esa
Syllabus esa “kkfey gSA
2& dykeqjZg+eku% ;g fgUnh T+kqcku esa vkyk g+t+jr ds
e”kgwjs t+ekuk rtZe&,&dqjvku daT+kqy bZeku vkSj l¸;n
ub+Zeqn~nhu eqjknkcknh dh rQ+lhj [k+t+kbuqy b+jQ+ku dk
rtZqek gSA
3& eqLrQ+k tkus jg+er% ;g lhjrqUuch lYyYykgq v+ySg
o lYye ij ,d m+Enk fdrkc gSA
4& ?kj vkxu ehykn% v+kSjrksa ds fy;s fy[kh xbZ ehykns
eqLrQ+k lYyYykgq vySfg o lYye ij m+Enk fdrkc gSA
5& eqLrQ+k ls vkys eqLrQ+k rd
6& eqLrQ+k ls eqLrQ+k jt+k rd
7& eqLrQ+k ls eqLrQ+k g+Snj g+lu rd
8& D;k vki tkurs gSa\ ¼mnwZ] fgUnh½% ;g bLykeh
ekywekr dk cM+k d+herh t+[k+hjk gS] dbZ enjlksa ds
Syllabus esa nkf[k+y gS] g+okyksa dh deh eg+lwl gksrh gSA
9& fnQ+k,+ vkyk g+t+jr 10& fnQ+k,+ lC,+ lukfcy
11& “kjg+s d+lhnk cqjnk ¼mnwZ] fgUnh] bafXy”k½% beke
“kQ+Zqn~nhu cwlhjh ds e”kgwjs t+ekuk d+lhnk cqjnk “kjhQ+
dh “kjg+ gSA

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12& dqjvkuh uekt+ c&eqd+kcyk ekbØksQ+ksuh ueky+ ¼mnwZ]
fgUnh½ 13& frgRrj esa ,d ¼fgUnh esa rtqZek½ 14& “kkus
ukrs eqLrQ+k 15& vljkjs [k+kunkus eqLrQ+k 16&
fdrkcqLlykr ¼bafXy”k½ 17& tCg+s v+t+he 18& NksVs fe;k¡
19& xqLrk[k+h ekQ+ ¼fgUnh et+kehu dk etewv+k½ 20&
Q+T+ys jCch ¼lQ+jukek% mnwZ] fgUnh½ 21& ubZ jks”kuh
¼fgUnh rtZqek½ 22& m+ez d+Sn ¼xqtjkrh ls rtZqek½ 23&
vkx xkM+h ¼xqtjkrh ls rtZqek½ 24& ywyw ¼ukfoy½
25& enkbg+s eqLrQ+k 26& ruohjs eqLrQ+k 27& b+jQ+kus
eqLrQ+k 28& uokft+”ks eqLrQ+k ¼;s pkjksa vkids ukfr;k
nhoku gSa½ 29& ckn vt+ [+kqn ¼vkids lkjs nhokuksa dk
etewv+k½
vkidh vaxzst+h fdrkcsa ;g gSa%
12345-

Islam The Religion Ultimate or Relegion
Destination Paradise
Gateway to heaven
The Great Beyond
The way to Be

vkf[k+jh nkSj esa vkidh dqfYy;kr **ckn vt+ [+kqnk**
“kk, gqbZ ftldks vg~ys b+Ye us gkFkks gkFk fy;kA
g+t+jrs uT+eh ij gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek dh [k+kl
fuxkgs b+uk;r FkhA g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek dykes uT+eh
dks cgqr ilUn Q+jekrs] cgqr ljkgrs FksA
vkidk fudkg+ 1973 b+Z0 esa l¸;nk vkfeuk
lqYrkuk lkfg+ck ls gqvk ftuls vkids rhu lkg+ct+kns
ekSykuk l¸;n flcrSu g+Snj d+knjh cjdkrh] l¸;n lQ+h
gS+nj vkSj l¸;n T+kqfYQ+dkj g+Snj gq,A

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vkidh oQ+kr dk lcc ;s gqvk fd pUn eghuksa
rchv+r v+yhy jgh] eqEcbZ esa ,d cM+s vkWijs”ku ds ckn
fQj rchv+r lgh ugha gqbZA blh rchv+r ds ckb+l+ 1
eqg+jZe 1435 fgtjh ;kuh 1 uoEcj 2013 dks eqEcbZ esa
folky Q+jek;kA ,d dl+hj etes us eqEcbZ ls tku”khus
l¸;nqy mYek dks :[k+lr fd;k fQj gokbZ tgkt+ ls
muds lkg+ct+knxku tukt+s dks ekjgjk “kjhQ+ ys vk,A
2 uoEcj dks xqy”kus cjdkr esa uekt+s tukt+k muds cM+s
csVs ekSykuk l¸;n flCrSu g+Snj d+knjh cjdkrh us i<+kbZA
njxkgs cjdkfr;k esa gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek ds ik;rha
vkidk et+kjs eqckjd gSA vYykg rv+kyk g+t+jr uT+eh
v+ySfgjZg+ek ds njtkr cqyUn Q+jek, vkSj mudh g+;krs
nk;eh dks bl “ksj dk felnkd+ cuk,%
^^ukrs jlwys ikd gS uT+eh dk ed+lns g+;kr
d+cz esa Hkh ycksa is gks ljdkj dh l+uk Q+d+rA**
vkids [+kqyQ+k esa l¸;n moSl eqLrQ+k t+Snh] eq¶+rh
“kjhQqy g+d+ vetnh] v+Yykek T+;kmy eqLrQ+k lkg+c
?kkslh] l¸;n “kkg gqlSu lkg+c lqYrkuiqjh] ekSykuk
eqg+Een “kkfdj jt+k uwjh ox+Sjk d+kfcys ft+Ø gSaA

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rktqy e”kkb[k+ vehus feYyr g+t+jr izksQ+slj
l¸;n “kkg eqg+Een vehu fe;k¡ d+knjh
lTtknku”khu] [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k] ekjgjk “kjhQ+
g+t+jr vehus feYyr] g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek
v+ySfgjZg+ek ds lcls cM+s lkg+ct+kns gSa] nks cM+s Hkkb;ksa ds
folky ds ckn vkidh foyknr 15 vxLr 1952 b+Z0
eqrkfcd+ th+d+knk 1371 fgtjh d+Lck dklxat ds
^^fe”ku** vLirky esa gqbZA
njxkgs eqvYYkk ds enjlk ^^d+fleqy cjdkr** ls
rkyhe dh bfCrnk dhA eqa”kh lbZnqn~nhu lkg+c us mnwZ
i<+kbZ] dq+jv+kus vt+he g+t+jr okfyns ekftn v+ySfgjZg+ek
vkSj g+kfQ+t v+CnqjZg+eku lkg+c v+ySfgjZg+ek ls i<+k] nhuh o
:g+kuh rkyhe vius okfyns ekftn gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek
vkSj cM+s vCck gqT+kwj l¸;nqy mYek ls g+kfly Q+jekbZA nl
ikjs fg+¶+t+ fd,A ekjgjk “kjhQ+ ls gkbZ Ldwy djds
vyhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh ls QLVZ fMoht+u esa ,e- ,
¼mnwZ½ fd;k vkSj ogha ls ehj rd+h ehj ij Ph. D. dh
fMxzh g+kfly dh] ,e- , dk fjtYV fudyus ls igys gh
“kqck&,&mnZw vyhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh esa c gSfl;r
ySDpjj rdZ:j gqvk] mlds ckn dqN vlkfrt+k dh
vdjck ijojh ls cst+kj gksdj lasV tkWUl dkWyst vkxjk esa

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ysDpjj gks x,] yxHkx vkB cjl njlks rnjhl esa xqt+kjsA
eqfLYke ;wfuoflZVh ds “kksck&,&mnZw esa cgS+fl;r jhMj
okil r”kjhQ+ yk, vkSj vc izksQ+slj ds vksgnk&,&tyhyk
ij Q+kbt+ gSa] tks ;wfuoflZVh dh vkyk rkyhe dh nlZ o
rnjhl dk lcls cM+k eulc le>k tkrk gSA
g+t+jr rktqy mYek us vkidks cpiu esa gh cSv+r o
f[k+ykQ+r ls uokt+ fn;k Fkk] mUgksaus viuh g+;krs eqckjdk
esa gh vius tk¡u”khu g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek dh oQ+kr dh
lwjr esa vkidks lTtknk u”khu vkSj eqroYyh njxkgs
[k+kud+kg eqd+jZj dj fn;k FkkA vkidks vkids okfyn
ekftn gt+jr vg+luqy mYek us viuh lTtknk u”khuh ds
fnu ;kuh 1956 b+Z0 eas reke lykfly dh btkt+r o
f[k+ykQ+r ls ljQ+jkt+ fd;kA mlZ jT+koh ds ekSd+s ij gqT+kwj
eq¶+rh&,&vkt+e fgUn v+ySfgjZg+ek us Hkh vkidks vius
nkSyr dns ij vkSj fQj feEcjs jlwy ij ,d gh fnu esa
ckj ckj f[k+ykQ+r v+rk Q+jekbZ vkSj yk[kksa ds etek ds
lkeus og tqeyk dgk tks e”kgwjs t+ekuk gks x;k%
^^tks dqN eq>s ljdkj ekjgjk eqrg~gjk ls feyk
ogh lc dk lc vki dks is”k dj jgk gw¡A** mlds ckn
gqT+kwj eq¶+rh&,&vkt+e fgUn us viuk tqCck] vekek vkSj
rg+jhjh eqgj “kqnk f[k+ykQ+r ukek b+uk;r Q+jek;k] ml
m+lZ jt+oh esa g+kft+j gksus okys gt+jkr vkt Hkh ml
eUt+j dks ;kn dj ds ,d v+thc :g+kuh lq:j dh
dSfQ+;r esa [+kqn dks fxj¶+rkj ikrs gSaA
gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek v+ySfgjZg+ek ds folky ds
ckn vki eluns cjdkrh is tyok vQ+jkst+ gksdj
lTtknk u”khu gq, vc rd gt+kjksa dh rknkn esa rjhd+r

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o “kjhv+r dh ryc j[kus okys vkids nLrs g+d+ ijLr
ij cSv+r gks pqds gSaA
gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek us crkSj [k+kl gt+jr vehus
feYyr dks rkoht+kr fy[kus dh rkyhe nh vkSj
eq[+rfyQ+ ot+kbQ+ vkSj vefy;kr ds rjhd+s rkyhe fd,A
jc rckjd o rv+kyk us gt+jr vehus feYyr ds gkFk esa
:g+kuh f”kQ+k dk [+kt+kuk v+rk Q+jek;k gS ftlls yk[kksa
cUnxkus [+kqnk dk vYykg rv+kyk ds Q+T+y ls Hkyk gqvk
gS gks jgk gSA vy&g+EnqfyYykg!
vki vg~ys lqUur o tekv+r vkSj flyflyk,
cjdkfr;k ds Q+jksx+ esa el:Q+ gaS] gt+kjks cUnxkus [+kqnk
vkids t+fj, cjdkrh flyflys esa nkf[k+y gks pqds gSa vkSj gks
jgs gSaA vki cg+Sfl+;r eqroYyh o esEcj eqUrft+ek njxkg
desVh [k+kud+kg o njxkgs v+kfy;k cjdkfr;k dh rkehjh
rCyhx+h o rofYy;r dh ft+Eesnkfj;k¡ c[+kwch fuHkk jgs gSaA
vkidh f[k+nekr eq[+rfyQ+qy ftgkr gSa] vki dk
rjhd+, dkj gS [k+qn dke djuk vkSj dke djus okyksa dh
ekyh benkn djuk ;k de vt+ de mudh gkSlyk
vQ+t+kbZ djukA
g+t+jr vehus feYyr viuh lknk fet+kth vkSj
njos”kkuk lhjr ds ckb+l+ m+yek] e”kkb[k+ o eqjhnhu esa
cgqr e”kgwj o eg+cwc gSaA feyus okyksa ls bl rjg
bUdlkjh vkSj [+kq”kfet+kth ls xqQ+rxw Q+jekrs gSa fd yksx
muds fxjohnk gSaA v+yhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh ds lqUuh
ryck ds rks og ljijLr gh tSls gSaA v+yhx<+ esa dksbZ
Hkh nhuh tylk gks rks ljijLrh ds fy;s ryck dh
igyh ilUn g+t+jr vehus feYyr gh gksrs gSaA ;wfuoflZVh

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ds ryck ds NksVs ls NksVs dke ds fy;s g+t+jr Q+kSju
pyus dks ges”kk rS;kj jgrs gSaA vkt eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh
esa tks b+”d+s uch dk xqy”ku ltk gS mldh vkc;kjh esa
g+t+jr vehus feYyr dk dyhnh fdjnkj gSA
etfyls cjdkr dk d+;ke% njlh fdrkcksa ij
m+yek&,&vg~ys lqUur gh ds g+ok”kh Fks] mu fdrkcksa dh
b”kkv+r] frtkjr dh xjt+ ls xS+j eqfLye Hkh djrs FksA
xS+jksa us Hkh bu fdrkcksa dh b”kkv+r frtkjr ds ed+ln ls
“kq: dhA 1419 fgtjh@1999 b+Z0 esa tkfe;k v”kjfQ+;k
eqckjdiqj esa ^^etfyls cjdkr** dk d+;ke v+ey esa vk;k
ftldk ed+ln nlZs fut+keh dh dqrqc ij m+yek&,&vg~ys
lqUur ds g+ok”kh dh rg+d+hd+ djkds mudh b”kkv+r djuk
vkSj u, vUnkt+ esa muds rtqZes o rQ+lhj vkSj tnhn
g+ok”kh dk bfUrt+ke djuk gSA ;g etfyl vki ds
rv+kOoqu ls vkSj vkidh lj ijLrh esa vc rd rg+d+hd+ ds
lkFk ntZuksa fdrkcksa dh b”kkv+r dj pqdh gSA
etfyls “kjbZ dh “kq:v+kr% 19 fnlEcj 1992 b+Z0
esa tkfe;k v”kjfQ+;k esa ^^etfyls “kjbZ** dk d+;ke
v+ey esa vk;k] ftldk ed+ln iSnk gksus okys tnhn
elkby dk “kjhv+r dh jks”kuh esa r”k¶+Q+h c[+”k g+y
ryk”k djuk FkkA bl etfyl ds t+fj, dbZ elkby
g+y fd;s x,] ysfdu 1999 b+Z0 esa dqN vlckc dh
cqfu;kn ij ;g etfyl cUn gks xbZ vkSj 5 lky rd
;g etfyl ekSd+wQ+ jghA gt+jr vehus feYyr us bl
rjQ+ m+yek&,&fdjke dh roTtks fnykbZ vkSj bldh
“kq:v+kr ds fy;s gj rjg+ dk rv+koqu fd;k vkSj vki gh
dh ljijLrh esa ^^etfyls “kjbZ** dh “kq:v+kr 2004 b+Z0

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esa tkfe;k v”kjfQ+;k esa gqbZA ftlds t+fj, vc rd
ipkl ls T+;knk elkby g+y gks pqds gSa] vkSj djksM+ksa
eqlyeku Q+St+;kc gks jgs gSaA
rjg rjg dh el:fQ+;kr ds ckoqtwn vki rg+jhj
o rluhQ+ ds fy, oD+r fudky ysrs gSa ftldk lqcwr
vkidh cgqr lh rlkuhQ+ gSaA vkidh rlkuhQ+ dk ,d
tkbt+k is”k gSA
l¸;n “kkg cjdrqYykg&g+;kr vkSj bYeh
dkjukes% 112 lQ+g+kr ij eq”rfey bl fdrkc esa vkius
lknk o lgy t+cku esa gt+jr l¸;n “kkg cjdrqYykg
v+ySfgjZg+ek ds g+kykrs ft+Unxh vkSj bYeh dkeksa dk
tkbt+k fy;k gSA [++kqlwlu ise izdk”k dk rQ+lhyh
rv+k:Q+ djk;k gSA
vknkcqLlkfydhu% ;g gt+jr l¸;n “kkg vkys
vg+en vPNs fe;k¡ vySfgjZg+Ekk dh e”kgwj rluhQ+ gS
ftldk igyk rtZqek g+t+jr rktqy mYek us fd;k Fkk
vkSj eru Q+kjlh ds lkFk 1935 b+Z0 esa “kk, fd;k FkkA
;g rtZqek viuh t+cku vkSj vUnkt+ ds lkFk d+njs
vtuch gks x;k gS blfy, gt+jr vehus feYyr us
vljh rd+kt+ksa vkSj t+cku ds is”ks ut+j bldk tnhn
rtZqek fd;k gS tks pkyhl lqQ+g+kr ij eq”rfey gSA
mUgksaus e[+lwl bLrykg+kr vkSj ed+kekr dh r”kjhg+ Hkh
dh gS blfy, bldh vgfe;r cgqr c<+ xbZ gSA
pgkj vuokv% ;g gt+jr l¸;n “kkg cjdrqYykg
v+ySfgjZg+ek dh rluhQ+ gS ftls gt+jr vehus feYyr us
“kjhQ+ vg+en [k+k¡ lkg+c dh eqv+kour ls mnZw dk tkek
iguk;k gSA blesa vkSfy;k ds eq[k+rfyQ+ rcd+ksa ds

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ekewykr dks c;ku fd;k gSA bl lky bl fdrkc dh
tnhn b”kkv+r gks jgh gSA
ehj rd+h ehj% ;g vkidk rg+d+hd+h ed+kyk gS
ftl ij vkidks (Ph.D) dh fMxzh feyhA
vnc] vnhc vkSj vlukQ+% mnZw vnc dh
bLrykg+kr o vlukQ+ ij ;g vkidk bYeh dkjukek gSA
d+k;e pk¡niqjh g+kykr vkSj b+Yeh dkjukes% mnwZ ds
ukeoj “kk;j o vnhc d+k;e pk¡niqjh ds g+kykrs ft+Unxh
vkSj muds bYeh dkjukeksa] “kk;jh o rt+fdjk fuxkjh ij
vkius Hkjiwj vUnkt+ esa jks”kuh Mkyh gSA
“kkg g+D+d+kuh dk mnwZ rtqZek o rQ+lhjs dq+jv+ku
ethn% l¸;n “kkg g+D+d+kuh ¼1145 fgtjh@1210 fgtjh½
us rtqZek rQlhjs dq+jv+ku ^^buk;rs jlwy dh** muoku ls
fd;k FkkA g+t+jr vehus feYyr us ekSykuk eqg+Een
bj”kkn lkfg+y “kgljkeh dh eqv+kour ls mls tnhn
vUnkt+ esa eqjRrc dj ds “kk, fd;k gSA
v+kyes bLyke dh pUn vge o ckvlj “kf[+l;kr esa
“kqekj%
fcyk “kqCgk vki [k+kuokn&,&cjdkr ds p”eks
fpjkx+] njxkgs vkfy;k cjdkfr;k ds lTtknku”khu o
lkfg+cs btkt+r o f[k+ykQ+r cqT+kqxZ gSaA :g+kfu;r vkSj
rlOoqQ+ dh vge f[k+nekr vkids ne dh ejgwus feUur
gSa vkSj ;g flyflyk vkyexhj lrg ij gSA
tkWtZ Vkmu ;wfuoflZVh vesfjdk us 2009 b+Z0 esa
,d ljos djk ds v+kyes bLyke dh 500 ckvlj vkSj
vge “kf[+l;kr dk bfUr[k+kc fd;k gSA blesa gt+jr
vehus feYyr dks muds vlj o :lw[k+ vkSj ,gfe;r o

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Q+t+hyr dh fcuk ij 44 os ed+ke ij rlyhe fd;k
x;k gSA ;gh ;wfuoflZVh vius ljos esa eqlyly pkj
lky rd gt+jr dk uke “kkfey djrh jgh gS] ;g ljos
fjiksVZ ct+krs [+kqn cgqr vgfe;r dh g+kfey vkSj vki ds
ed+kes cqyUn dh et+gj gSA
nj vly ;g vkidh mu vt+he f[k+nekr vkSj
f[k+ners [k+Yd+ dk ,rjkQ+ gS tks rkSQ+hds+ bykgh ls
vUtke it+hj gks jgh gSA
rjohts bYe% vius [k+kuokns dh nsjhuk fjok;r ds
,su eqrkfcd+ gt+jr vehus feYyr dks Hkh mywe o Q+quwu
dh rjoht o b”kkv+r dk “kx+Q+ tquwu dh g+n rd gS
vkSj g+d+hd+r ;g gS fd tquwu ds cxS+j dksbZ Hkh dke
esv+jkts deky dks ugha igq¡prkA bl ed+ln ds fy;s
mUgkasus vius fcjknjkus vt+ht+ l¸;n eqg+Een v”kjQ+
lkg+c] l¸;n eqg+Een vQ+t+y lkg+c] l¸;n eqg+Een
uthc g+Snj lkg+c ds v+ykok lSdM+ksa eqf[+yl :Q+d+k o
vb+T+t+k dh eqv+kour ls 1995 b+Z0 esa ^^vy&cjdkr
,tqds”kuy lkslk;Vh** jftLVj djkbZA blds uke ij
vuwi “kgj jksM vyhx<+ esa olh o v+jht+ t+ehu
[k+jhndj jftLVMZ djkbZ vkSj vy&cjdkr ds bnkjksa dh
eUlwck lkt+h dhA 2002 b+Z0 esa mlds bnkjksa vkSj mudh
bekjrksa dk lax cqfu;kn j[kk x;k gSA rHkh ls rkyhe o
rkehj dk flyflyk tkjh gSA
bl lkslk;Vh ds ts+js ,gfreke fQ+yoD+r
vy&cjdkr Iys ,.M yuZ lsUVj] vy&cjdkr lhfu;j
lsdsUMjh Ldwy ¼Cokbt+½] vy&cjdkr d+knfj;k Ldwy
¼xYlZ½] vy&cjdkr balVhV~;wV vkWQ+ eSustesaV LVMht+

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(M.B.A) vy&cjdkr balVhV~;wV vkWQ+ ,tqds”ku
(B.Ed) vy&cjdkr dkWyst vkWQ+ xzstq,V LVMht+]

vy&cjdkr l¸;n g+kfen dE;wfuVh dkWyst]
vy&cjdkr dkWyst Q+kWj xzstq,V LVMht+ gkWLVy dh
lgwyr ds lkFk rkyheh f[k+nekr vUtke ns jgs gSaA
lekt ds det+ksj vkSj x+jhc cPpksa dh rkyhe o
rjfc;r ds fy;s 100 :0 ekgkuk uke Q+hl ij
vy&cjdkr vkWQVjuwu Ldwy tqykbZ lu 2011 ls “kq:
fd;k x;k gSA ryck dks ;wuhQ+keZ] fdrkcsa] dkfi;k¡ vkSj
nhxj t+:jh phtsa vy&cjdkr lkslk;Vh dh tkfuc ls
eqg¸;k djkbZ tk jgh gSA
vy&cjdkr lkslk;Vh us ,d vkSj vge bnkjk
vy&cjdkr bLykfed fjlpZ ,.M Vsªfuax balVhV~;wV
l¸;n eqg+Een veku ds t+sjs fuxjkuh nhuh enkfjl ls
Q+kfjx+ mYek dh “kf[+l;r lkt+h ds fy;s [kksyk gS
ftlesa mudh fjgkb”k ox+Sjk dh lgwyr ds lkFk ekgkuk
ot+hQ+k Hkh fn;k tkrk gSA
vy&cjdkr ,tqds”kuy lkslk;Vh ds tT+cs vkSj dke
ls eqrvfL+l+j gksdj eqYd ds rwyks v+t+Z esa Q+Sys gq, cjdkrh
gt+jkr bl dkjok¡ esa “kkfey gks jgs gSa vkSj vius&vius
bykd+s esa blh cSuj ds rg+r bnkjk lkt+h dj jgs gSa] dqjyk
eqEcbZ esa ^^vy&cjdkr efYkd eqg+Een bLyke Ldwy** d+k;e
fd;k x;k gSA lwjr] xqtjkr esa ^^vy&cjdkr ifCyd Ldwy**
d+k;e gqvk gS] dkuiqj esa ^^vy&cjdkr dEi;wVj lsaVj** dk
d+;ke v+ey esa vk;k gSA t;iqj] jktLFkku esa vy&cjdkr
dh “kk[k+ d+k;e djus ds fy;s dkQ+h t+ehu [k+jhnh tk pqdh

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gSA dkuiqj esa Hkh bl ed+ln ds fy;s t+ehu dh Q+jkgeh dh
dksf”k”ksa tkjh gSaA
og fnu nwj ugha ba”kkvYykgqjZg+eku bl fpjkx+ ls
cgqr t+Yn cgqr ls fpjkx+ jks”ku gksaxs] gj rjQ+ bYe o
Q+u dk fpjkx+k¡ gksxkA pkjksa rjQ+ cjdkrh ijpe
ygjk,xk vkSj ;g lc dqN gt+jr vehus feYyr nker
cjdkrqgw dh dke;kc d+;knr esa gksxkA bU”kk vYykg!
g+t+jr vehus feYyr dk fudkg+ bykgkckn ds
e”kgwj lknkr ?kjkus esa gt+jr l¸;n v+kfcn vyh lkg+c
ejgw+e o ex+Q+wj dh lkg+ct+knh l¸;nk vkfeuk [k+krwu ls
gqvk tks Q+kjlh esa ,e- ,- vkSj ch- ,M- dh fMxzh ;k¶+rk
gSa] g+t+jr vehus feYyr ds nks lkg+ct+kns l¸;n eqg+Een
veku vkSj eqg+Een l¸;n mLeku vkSj ,d lkg+ct+knh
l¸;nk ,seu gSaA l¸;n eqg+Een veku fe;k¡ us eqfLye
;wfuoflZVh ls B.A. (English) vkSj vy&cjdkr ls
MBA dh fMxzh g+kfly dh fQj vy&tkfe;rqy
v”kjfQ+;k ls nlsZ fut+keh dh rkyhe g+kfly djds
fQ+yg+ky vy&cjdkr “kksc, bLykfe;k ds Director gSaA
vYykg jCcqy b+T+t+r eqf”kZns xsjkeh dh m+ez o
lsg+r esa cjdr Q+jek, vkSj Q+St+kus lkfg+cqy cjdkr
vkids olhys ls ge xqykeksa dks g+kfly gksrk jgsA
¼vkehu½

vg~ys [k+kunku ds v+ykok [+kqyQ+k esa ls pUn dk
uke is”k gS%
l¸;n xqyt+kj fe;k¡ oklrh] cg+:y m+ywe eq¶+rh
eqg+Een v+Cnqy eUuku vkt+eh] bekes b+Yeks Q+u [+oktk
eqt+¶+Q+j gqlSu] eq¶+rh eqg+Een fut+keqn~nhu lkg+c feLckg+h

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¼tkfe;k v”kjfQ+;k] eqckjdiqj½] ekSykuk eqg+Een vg+en
feLckg+h lkg+c ¼tkfe;k v”kjfQ+;k] eqckjdiqj½] ekSykuk
v+Cnqy eqchu lkg+c uksekuh] eq+¶+rh g+chc ;kj [k+k¡ lkg+c]
bUnkSj] ekSykuk v+ltn jt+k [k+k¡ lkg+c] ekSykuk vg+lu
jt+k [k+k¡ lkg+c] eq¶+rh oyh eqg+Een ukxksjh] l¸;n
uw:Yykg “kkg cq[k+kjh ¼lgyko “kjhQ+] jktLFkku½]
v+Yykek v+CnqLlRrkj genkuh] iksjcUnj ox+SjkA

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“kQ+sZ feYyr
g+t+jr l¸;n eqg+Een v”kjQ+ fe;k¡ d+knjh cjdkrh
vki g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek jg+erqYykg v+ySg ds
nwljs lkg+ct+kns gSA vkidh foyknr 8 tqykbZ 1957@14
“kkcku 1374 fgtjh dks ufugky lhrkiqj esa gqbZA g+t+jr
l¸;nqy mYek us vkidk uke l¸;n eqg+Een v”kjQ+ j[kkA
fcfLeYykg [+okuh okfyns ekftn us djkbZA
vkidh rkyhe dk vkx+kt+ enjlk d+kfleqy cjdkr ls
gqvkA dqjvkus v+t+he dk nlZ g+t+jr okfyns ekftn]
QwQh lkfg+ck l¸;nk g+kfQ+t+k v+kb”kk [k+krwu vkSj l¸;nk
g+kfQ+t+k t+kfgnk [k+krwu vkSj g+kfQ+t+ v+CnqjZg+eku us fn;kA
mnwZ dh rkyhe eqa”kh lb+Znqn~nhu vkSj eqa”kh ulhj vg+en
us nhA d+Lcs ls gkbZ Ldwy djds v+yhx<+ eqfLye
;wfuoflZVh esa nkf[k+y gq, tgk¡ ls ch- ,- vkWulZ vkSj fQj
,e- ,- xksYM esMy ds lkFk ikl fd;sA UPSC
eqd+kcyktkrh bfErg+ku esa fg+Llk fy;k] igys IPS ds
v+ksgns ds fy;s eqUr[k+c gq, ysfdu okfyns ekftn dh bl
lfoZl esa et+hZ u ns[krs gq, IPS esa Tokbu ugha fd;kA
fQj Civil Service ds bfErg+ku esa “kjhd gq, vkSj nqckjk
IRS esa vkidk bfUr[k+kc gqvkA
“kQ+sZ feYyr dks ;g “kQ+Z Hkh g+kfly gS fd Civil
Service Exam dks mnwZ ehfM;e ds lkFk dke;kch
g+kfly djus okys vki igys mEehnokj gSaA bf.M;u
jsoU;w lfoZl (IRS) esa eq[+rfyQ+ vkyk v+ksgnksa ij jgrs
gq, fQ+yoD+r phQ+ dfe”kuj bUde VSDl dksydkrk ds
v+ksgns ij Q+kbt+ gSaA

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g+t+jr rktqy mYek jg+erqYykg v+ySg us foyknr
ds ckn gh lhrkiqj tkdj vkidks cSv+r ls eq”kjZQ+ fd;kA
okfyns eksg+rje g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek vkSj cM+s vCck
g+t+jr l¸;nqy mYek vkSj g+t+jr okfjl+s iatru us reke
flyflyksa dh f[k+ykQ+rks btkt+r v+rk Q+jekbZ ysfdu
vki bfUdlkjh ds lcc yksxksa dks nkf[k+ys flyflyk ugha
Q+jekrs gSaA
vkidh “kknh izksQ+slj l¸;n v+yh v”kjQ+ lkg+c
ejgwe lkfcd+ okbl pkUlyj tkfe;k fefYy;k dh
lkg+ct+knh l¸;nk fu”kkr v”kjQ+ ls gqbZA l¸;nk fu”kkr
v”kjQ+ lkfg+ck us v+yhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh xYlZ
dkWyst ls M. SC (Chemistry) gSA muls vkids nks csVs
l¸;n uchy v”kjQ+] l¸;n ukft+e v”kjQ+ vkSj ,d
csVh l¸;nk f”kQ+k v”kjQ+A ,d csVk vkSj ,d csVh vHkh
rkyhe g+kfly dj jgs gSaA cM+s lkg+ct+kns l¸;n uchy
fe;k¡ g+ky gh esa Probationary Officer ds Exam esa
dke;kc gksdj Indian Overseas Bank esa eSustj gSaA
nqfu;koh ,rckj ls cM+s eUlc ij Q+kbt+ gksus ds
ckoqtwn [k+kuokns ds reke bfEr;kt+kr ls Hkh vkidks [+kwc
fg+Lk feykA nhuh fet+kt] mYek o e”kkb[k+ dk ,g+rsjke]
b+”d+s jlwy lYyYykgq rv+kyk vySfg o lYye] cqT+kqxkZus
nhu ls eqg+Ccr] rokt+ks bfUdlkjh] [+kqywlks eqg+Ccr] eqjOor
vkSj lathnxh o cqnZckjh tSlh vPNh flQ+kr vkidh
“kf[+l¸;rks fdjnkj esa jps cls gSaA x+jhcksa dh enn ds fy;s
gj oD+r [+kq”kh ls rS;kj jguk vkidks lcls T+;knk vPNk
yxrk gSA g+t+jr “kQ+sZ feYyr cgqr ck rnchj vkSj g+yhe
“kf[+l¸;r ds g+kfey gSaA NksVs NksVs tqeyksa esa cM+h cM+h
ulhg+rsa dj nsuk vkidh “kf[+l;r dk vge fg+Llk gSA
vkidk “kqekj cjsZ lx+hj ds eqErkt+ vQ+lkuk
fuxkjksa esa gksrk gSA vkidks mnwZ vnc vkSj rluhQ+ks

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rkyhQ+ ls [k+kl “kx+Q+ gSA vQ+lkus] dgkfu;k¡ vkSj
ukfoy fy[kus ds v+ykok vki cqyUn ik;k “kk;j Hkh gSaA
ukr o eUd+cr dh rjQ+ [+kqlwlh roTtks Q+jekrs gSaA
vkidh cgqr lh rluhQ+kr eUt+js v+ke ij vk pqdh gSaA
vkidh b+Yeh vkSj vnch f[k+nekr ij vkidks gqdwers
fgUn dh tkfuc ls lkfgR; vdsMeh vokMZ Hkh g+kfly gks
pqdk gSA blds v+ykok dFkk vokMZ] Lifetime
Achievement Award for Fiction. vHkh g+ky gh esa e/;
izns”k gqdwer dh tkfuc ls bd+cky lEeku ds fy;s Hkh
vkidk uke rtoht+ gqvk gSA vkidh rlkuhQ+ ;g gSa%
lYyw v+ySfg o vkfygh% ;g g+En] ukr vkSj
eukfd+c dk etewv+k gSA ;g fdrkc Hkh Nidj v+kf”kd+kus
jlwy ls nknks rg+lhu oqlwy dj pqdh gSA
ckns lck dk bUrt+kj% ;g dgkfu;ksa dk etewv+k gS
ftl ij vkidks lwckbZ gqdwer dh rjQ+ ls lkfgR;
vdsMeh vokMZ ds lkFk ,d yk[k ud+n bZuke vkSj
rkSlhQ+h lun is”k dh xbZ gSA ;g 2001 esa “kk, gqvk FkkA
Mkj ls fcNM+s% ;g Hkh vkidh r[k+yhd+h dgkfu;ksa
dk igyk etewv+k gS tks vc dbZ dkWystksa ds mnwZ ds
fulkc esa “kkfey gSA
uEcjnkj dk uhyk% ;g ,d m+Enk ukfoy gS ftlesa
uhyk fdjnkj ds t+fj;s vkius bUlkuksa ds eq[k+rfyQ+ fdjnkjksa
dks is”k fd;k gSA blds ckjs esa fgUnqLrku ds ,d cM+s vnhc
vkSj uD+d+kn “kElqjZg+eku Q+k:d+h us dgk fd **,slk ukfoy
rks vaxzst+h T+kqcku esa Hkh ugha i<+kA
ehj vEeu fd+Llk lquks% ;g Hkh vkidh r[k+yhd+h
ukfoy gS tks pkj fg+Llksa ij eq”rfey gSA
g+t+jr “kQ+sZ feYyr eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh dh rkfycs
b+Yeh dh ft+Unxh esa csg+n eqErkt+ vkSj eg+cwc “kf[+l;r
“kqekj fd;s tkrs FksA v+yhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh dh

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All India Sir Syed Debate esa nks ckj f[k+rkc g+kfly

fd;kA vatqeus mnwZ&,&eqv+Yyk ds lsØsVjh vkSj v+yhx<+
eSXt+hu ds ,MhVj jgsA ;wfuoflZVh fyVªsjh Dyc ds Hkh
lsØsVjh jgsA
buds v+ykok ntZuksa b+Yeh o vnch et+kehu]
x+t+ysa vkSj uT+esa fgUnqLrku vkSj cS:us fgUn ds cM+s
fjlkyksa esa Ni pqds gSaA vkidh dbZ dgkfu;ksa ds rtZqes
nwljh T+kqckuksa esa Ni pqds gSaA v+yhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh]
fnYyh ;wfuoflZVh] d”ehj ;wfuoflZVh esa vkidh vnch
f[k+nekr ij Ph. D. vkSj M. Phil gks jgh gSA
b+Ye dh rjohtks b”kkv+r dk [k+kunkuh oLQ+ Hkh
vki esa [+kwc [+kwc ekStwn gSA vy&cjdkr ,twds”kuy
lkslk;Vh ds vki uk,c lnj gSa vkSj mldh eUlwcklkt+h
vkSj bnkjklkt+h esa vki g+t+jr vehus feYyr ds da/ks ls
da/kk feykdj f[k+nekr vUtke ns jgs gSaA tkfe;k
vy&cjdkr vkidh fQ+Øks rnchj] rkehjh t+g~u]
bafrt+keh lykfg+;rksa dk g+lhu v+Dl gSA blds v+ykok
[k+kud+kg o njxkg “kjhQ+ ds rkehjh ekeykr] bfUrt+keks
bfUljke] m+lZ “kjhQ+ dh eg+kfQ+y o etkfyl dh
rjrhc] [k+kud+kg “kjhQ+ ds iSx+ke dks v+ke djus ds fy;s
eqlyly dkfo”ksa vkidh t+kr dh ejgwus feUur gSaA
vYykg rv+kyk vkidk lk;k lsg+r o lykerh ds
lkFk gekjs Åij d+k;e j[ksA ¼vkehu½

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g+t+jr l¸;n eqg+Een vQ+t+y fe;k¡ d+knjh
g+t+jr vQ+t+y fe;k¡ lkg+c g+t+jr vg+luqy
mYek ds rhljs lkg+ct+kns gSaA vkidh foyknr 1963 b+Z0
esa ekjgjk eqrg~gjk esa gqbZA dqjvkus v+t+he ?kj ds cqT+kqxksaZ
ls i<+kA v+yhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh ls L.L.B. vkSj
L.L.M. fd;kA lu 1990 esa IPS esa eqUr[k+c gks x,A
vQ+t+y fe;k¡ lkg+c Hkh vius fcjknjs eksg+rje “kQ+sZ
feYyr gh dh rjg mnwZ ehfM;e ls Civil Services esa
eqUr[k+c gq,A iqfyl tSls eqg+des esa gksus ds ckoqtwn tgk¡
tgk¡ rSukr jgs ogk¡ ogk¡ fy;kd+r] bZekunkjh vkSj
“kjkQ+r dk m+Enk e;kj is”k fd;kA e/; izns”k ds reke
cM+s iqfyl vQ+ljku muds uke vkSj m+Enk dkeksa ls
okfd+Q+ gSaA v+yhx<+ ;wfuoflZVh vkSj tkfe;k fefy;k
bLykfe;k nsgyh esa jftLVjkj jg pqds gSaA vkidh 18
lkyk bZekunkjkuh f[k+ner vkSj eqYd fg+Q+kt+r ds fy;s
dbZ f[k+nekr ds is”ks ut+j 2011 esa vkidks jk’Vªifr
vokMZ ls uokt+k x;kA g+t+jr vQ+t+y fe;k¡ vius
rkfycs b+Yeh gh ds t+ekus esa eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh esa cgqr
ek:Q+ FksA vkidh f[k+krkcr vkSj xq¶+rxw ds vkt rd
yksx d+k;y gSaA eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh lj l¸;n fMcsV esa
rhu erZck f[k+rkc thrkA ;wfuoflZVh fyVªsjh Dyc ds
lsØsVjh jgsA xq¶+rxw ds Q+u esa viuk ,d vyx ed+ke
j[krs gSaA vius vlykQ+ ds uD+”ks d+ne ij pyrs gq,
mlh nnZeUn fny] x+qjck ijojh] l[k+kor] bfUdlkj ds
tT+cs ls lj”kkj gSaA flyfly, cjdkfr;k dh rjohtks
b”kkv+r ds fy;s vius eUlc dh el:fQ+;kr ds ckoqtwn
dksf”k”ksa vkSj dkfo”ksa djrs jgrs gSaA vy&cjdkr

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lkslk;Vh ds Founder vkSj Executive member gSaA
bnkjk pykus esa vkus okyh nq”kokfj;ksa dks g+y djus esa
vkidh t+kr g+n ntkZ eqQ+hn vkSj ennxkj gSA
eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh ls enkfjls vg~ys lqUur dk
byg+kd+ vki gh dh iqj vl+j is”kd+neh dk urhtk gSA
vQ+t+y fe;k¡ lkg+c dks rg+jhj vkSj rd+jhj esa eydk
g+kfly gSA v+yhx<+ eqfLye ;wfuoflZVh ds lhjr ds
tyls esa ,d erZck jkfd+e dh xqt+kfj”k ij rd+jhj
Q+jekbZ rks etes dh g+Sjkuh dk v+kye Fkk] ,d IPS
vkWfQ+lj vkSj jftLVªkj lhjr ds g+okys ls ,slh tkes vkSj
ekywekrh xq¶+rxw Q+jek jgs gSaA
vQ+t+y fe;k¡ lkg+c dks vYykg rv+kyk us
f[k+rkcr dh [+kqnknkn lykfg+;r ds v+ykok dgkfu;k¡
vkSj lokusg+h [k+kds fy[kus dk Q+u v+rk Q+jek;k gSA
mudh dgkfu;k¡ vkSj et+kehu fgUnqLrku ds e;kjh
fjlkyksa esa “kk, gksrs gSaA
vQ+t+y fe;k¡ lkg+c dk g+yd+k cgqr olh gS vkSj
og vius v[k+ykd+] eqrg+fjZd vkSj Q+v+ky rchv+r dh
fcuk ij vQ+ljku ds g+yd+s esa cgqr e”kgwj Hkh gSa vkSj
eg+cwc HkhA vkidks f[k+ykQ+rks btkt+r okfyns ekftn
gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek jg+erqYykg v+ySg ls g+kfly gSA
l¸;n eqg+Een vQ+t+y fe;k¡ dk v+D+n g+t+jr
vehus feYyr dh csxe dh NksVh cgu l¸;nk jkf”knk
[k+krwu lkfg+ck ls gqvk tks rkyhe ds t+soj ls vkjkLrk
gSaA vkids ,d csVs l¸;n cjdkr g+Snj vkSj ,d csVh
l¸;nk dk;ukr gSaA ek”kk vYykg nksuksa t+sjs rkyhe gSaA
vYykg rv+kyk mudh m+ez vkSj lsg+r esa cjdr v+rk
Q+jek, vkSj muds Q+St+ dks e[k+ywd+s [+kqnk ij v+ke j[ksA
¼vkehu½

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jQ+hd+s feYyr g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg uthc g+Snj uwjh
lTtknku”khu] vkLrku, v+kfy;k cjdkfr;k] ekjgjk “kjhQ+
jQ+hd+s feYyr l¸;n “kkg uthc g+Snj gqT+kwj
vg+luqy mYek ds lcls NksVs lkg+ct+kns gSaA vki 1
tqykbZ 1967 esa ekjgjk “kjhQ+ esa iSnk gq,A d+qjvkus
v+t+he viuh QwQh l¸;nk g+kfQ+t+k t+kfgnk [k+krwu ls
vkSj dqN fg+Llk vius okfyns ekftn gqT+kwj vg+luqy
mYek ls i<+kA mnwZ dh rkyhe okfynk ekftnk us nhA
vkxjk ;wfuoflZVh ls xzstq,”ku djus ds ckn vki vius
okfyns ekftn gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek v+ySfgjZg+ek ds lkFk
gh jgs vkSj [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k dh f[k+nekr vUtke nsus
esa mudh enn Q+jekrs jgsA gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek us
vkidh rjfc;r bl vUnkt+ ls dh gS fd vki [k+kud+kg]
njxkg] m+lZ vkSj tk;nkn dh ekeykr vkSj bfUrt+kekr
dh fuxjkuh esa ekfgj gks x,A flyflys ds eqjhnhu o
eqrofLlyhu ls vkidk jCr T+;knk jgkA viuh
[+kq”kfet+kth vkSj ueZ v[k+ykd+ ds ckb+l+ cgqr ed+cwy gSaA
g+t+jr jQ+hd+s feYyr dks cSv+r g+t+jr
eqQ+rh&,&vkt+e v+ySfgjZg+ek ls gSA flyfly, d+knfj;k
cjdkfr;k esa f[k+ykQ+r o btkt+r vius okfyns ekftn
gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek vkSj g+t+jr okfjl+s iatru
jg+erqYykg v+ySfgek ls gSA g+t+jr vehus feYyr us
viuh jLes lTtknxh ds ekSd+s ij lcls igyh f[k+ykQ+r

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jQ+hd+s feYyr dks v+rk Q+jekbZA bu cqT+kqxksaZ dh g+;kr esa
gh ekjQ+r dh pkgr j[kus okys g+t+jkr vkidh [+kqnknkn
lykfg+;rksa vkSj dSfQ+;rs tT+c dks ns[kdj vkids gkFk
ij cSv+r gksus yxsA
vkidks vkids rkÅ g+t+jr okfjl+s iatru
v+ySfgjZg+ek us xksn fy;k vkSj vkidks viuk okfjl+ o
oyhv+gn vkSj lTtknku”khu viuh g+;krs t+kfgjh esa
Q+jek fn;kA muds pgYyqe ds fnu mYek o e”kkb[k+ dh
ekStwnxh esa vki lTtkn, v+kfy;k uwfj;k ij tyok
vQ+jkst+ gq,A
vius d+lcs ekjgjk esa vki cgqr ed+cwy gSa vkSj
;gk¡ ds yksx vkidks cgqr pkgrs Hkh gSaA vkidks
[+kqnk&,&rv+kyk us fnys nnZeUn dh nkSyr ls uokt+kA
vki tgk¡ rd gks ldrk gS cUnxkus [+kqnk dh gj tkbt+
f[k+ner djus ds fy;s rS;kj jgrs gSaA esgekuuokt+h esa Hkh
vius cqT+kqxksaZ ds uD+”ks d+ne ij pyrs gSaA vkidh bUgha
[+kwfc;ksa dh otg ls m+yek&,&dsjke Hkh vkils cM+h
eqg+Ccr Q+jekrs gSaA efLtns cjdkrh esa tgk¡ vkids
okfyns ekftn g+t+jr vg+luqy mYek v+ySfgjZg+ek us 54
cjl rd f[k+rkcr dh f[k+ner vUtke nh vc og
f[k+ner vkids lqiqnZ gSA vYykg rv+kyk us vkidks
rd+jhj dk tkSgj v+rk fd;k gSA gt+kjksa yk[kksa ds etes
esa cjtLrk rd+jhj djrs gSa vkSj tc rd+jhj djrs gSa rks
,d v+thc tT+c dh dSfQ+;r rkjh jgrh gS tks vius
lquus okyksa dks vius vUnj lesV ysrh gSA
[k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k esa rkehj] njxkg ds
bfUrt+ke] reke m+lksaZ] e”kkb[k+ ds lkykuk Q+kfrg+k]

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t+k;jhus njxkg ls eqykd+kr tSls reke dke g+t+jr
jQ+hd+s feYyr c[+kwch djrs gSaA jQ+hd+s feYyr ihjs
rjhd+r gksus ds lkFk lkFk ,d vPNs eqUrft+e gSa] mudks
dke djus o djkus dk gquj vkSj lyhd+k [+kwc vkrk gSA
vius oru ekjgjk “kjhQ+ esa d+lcs ds yksxksa ds
fy;s vkyk rkyhe ds okLrs g+t+jr jQ+hd+s feYyr us
**ekjgjk ifCyd Ldwy** “kq: fd;k ftlesa 900 cPps
e;kjh rkyhe g+kfly dj jgs gSaA nhuh rkyhe ds fy;s
**tkfe;k vg+luqy cjdkr** mudh fuxjkuh esa py jgk
gS vkSj mEehn gS fd vkus okys fnuksa esa ;g nk:y m+ywe
vg~ys lqUur dk Q+[+kz gksxkA
gqT+kwj vg+luqy mYek ds folky ds ckn g+t+jr
jQ+hd+s feYyr us eqYd ds dksus dksus esa rCyhx+h nkSjs
fd;s vkSj flyfly, cjdkfr; ds Q+jksx+ ds fy;s cM+h
eq[k+fyl dksf”k”ksa dhaA g+t+jr jQ+hd+s feYyr
m+yek&,&fdjke ls cgqr eqg+Ccr Q+jekrs gSa] mudh
[k+kfrj rokt+ks esa jQ+hd+s feYyr dk vankt+ nkn nsus ds
d+kfcy gksrk gSA
jQ+hd+s feYyr dh lhjr dk ,d igyw mudh
“kf[+l;r dks bfEr;kt+h lQ+ esa ykdj [kM+k djrk gS
vkSj og gS mudk lekth f[k+nekr dk t+kSd+A chekjksa dk
b+ykt djkus] cfPp;ksa dh “kkfn;k¡ djkus] yksxksa ds ?kj
rkehj djkus esa og [+kqn dks ges”kk vOoy lQ+ esa j[krs
gSaA mudk nLrj[+oku cgqr olh gSA [k+kud+kg esa muds
ne ls l[k+kor vkSj ft+;kQ+r dh cgkjsa gSaA

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P a g e | 131

vYykg rv+kyk vius uch&,&djhe ds lnd+s o
rqQ+Sy esa vkidks yEch m+ez v+rk Q+jek, vkSj cUnxkus
[+kqnk vkils ;w¡ gh Q+St+;kc gksrs jgsaA
vkidh “kknh viuh lcls NksVh [k+kyk dh lcls
NksVh csVh l¸;nk “kfcLrk lkfg+ck ls 1994 b+Z0 esa gqbZA
vkidh vg~fy;k t+sojs rkyhe ls vkjkLrk gSaA muls
vkidh ,d lkg+ct+knh l¸;nk v+kfjQ+k vkSj nks
lkg+ct+kns l¸;n g+lu g+Snj vkSj eqg+Een eksg+fluA rhuksa
vHkh rkyhe g+kfly dj jgs gSaA
vkids [+kqyQ+k esa ;s uke [+kqlwfl;r ds lkFk ft+Ø
fd;s tkrs gSa%
l¸;n eqg+Een veku d+knjh] l¸;n g+lu g+Snj
d+knjh] eq¶+rh vkQ+kd+ vg+en lkg+c eqtfn~nnh d+UukSt]
eq¶+rh eqg+Een g+uhQ+ cjdkrh dkuiqj] eqg+Een moSl jt+k
lkg+c d+knjh ikfdLrku] ekSykuk eqthc v”kjQ+ lkg+c]
ekSykuk lx+hj vg+en tks[kuiqjh ;k tkSuiqjh] eq¶+rh
d+yUnj lkg+c dukZVd] g+kth v+Cnqy x+¶+Q+kj ijnslh]
g+kth eqg+Een v+kfjQ+ ijnslhA

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[k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k esa jLes lTtknxh dk c;ku
[k+kunkus cjdkfr;k dh jLes lTtknxh fdl rtZ+ ls vnk
dh tkrh gS] bldk c;ku g+t+jr rktqy mYek ds d+ye ls
eqykg+t+k dhft,A rktqy mYek Q+jekrs gSa%
^^gekjs [k+kunku esa lTtknku”khuh dh jLe bl rjg pyh
vkrh gS fd lTtknku”khu folky ikus okys ds bfUrd+ky ds ckn
mlds pgYyqe ds fnu dqUck o fcjknjh vkSj “kgj vkSj vkl
ikl ds v+t+ht+ vkSj d+jhch fj”rsnkj vkSj flyflys ds yksx]
[+kqyQ+k&,&[k+kunku] v+oke vkSj [k+kl tek gksrs gSa vkSj mlds
csVs ;k mldh x+SjekStwnxh esa HkkbZ oxS+jk “kjb+Z okfjl+ dks ¼tks ml
“k[+l ls cSv+r ;k lTtknku”khuh dh btkt+r Hkh j[krk gks
ftldh txg og lTtknku”khu gksuk pkgrk gS½ [k+kunku ds
cqT+kqxksZa vkSj iq[kksZa vkSj flyflys ds cM+s yksx rc:Zdkrs [k+kunkuh
tSls f[k+jdk vkSj b+ekek vkSj lSyh vkSj rlchg+ ox+Sjk ¼tks gj
,d ?kj esa vius vius cqT+kqxksZa ds v+ykfg+nk v+ykfg+nk Hkh ge yksxkssa
ds ikl gSa vkSj dqN rc:Zdkr esa lc dk fg+Llk gS½ lkFk ysdj
njxkg “kjhQ+ ys tkrs vkSj ogk¡ ftl cqT+kqxZ dk og
lTtknku”khu gksuk pkgrk gS] mlds et+kj ;k g+qT+kwj lkfg+cqy
cjdkr jg+erqYykg v+ySg ds et+kjs eqckjd ij rc:Zdkr vkSj
fyckl j[k dj cqT+kqxkZus flyflyk ls olhyk vkSj enn ek¡x dj
Q+kfrg+k i<+ dj fQj mu rc:Zdkr ls ml “k[+l dks l¡okj dj
Q+d+hj vkSj [k+kfne g+t+jkr vkxs vkxs **vYykg** iqdkjrs gq,
etek ds lkFk okil ykrs vkSj lTtknku”khuh ds edku esa tks
vius vius vyx gSa] lTtknku”khuh dh elun ij fcBkrs gSa vkSj
mlds ckn g+kft+jhu ut+jsa is”k djrs gSa vkSj v+d+hnrean g+t+jkr

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P a g e | 133

cSv+r djrs gSa vkSj lTtknku”khuh dh jLe reke gks tkrh gSA
¼rkjh[k+s [k+kunkus cjdkr] ist% 103½

rc:Zdkrs [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k] ekjgjk “kjhQ+ dh
rQ+lhy
vYk&g+EnqfyYykg ekjgjk “kjhQ+ dk ;g bfEr;kt+
eqlYye gS fd ;gk¡ cM+h rknkn esa ljdkjs nks v+kye
lYyYykgq rv+kyk vySfg o lYye vkSj vg~ys cSrs
vrgkj ds rc:Zdkr ekStwn gSaA m+lksaZ ds ekSd+ksa ij [k+kl
o v+ke lHkh rjg ds yksxksa dks budh ft+;kjr djkbZ
tkrh gSA rQ+lhy ;g gS%
1& gqT+kwj ikd dh nk<+h ds cky ¼ew, eqckjd½] gqT+kwj ds
d+ne “kjhQ+ dk uD+”k] gqT+kwj dk twrk eqckjd
;s rhuksa rc:Zdkr [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k esa bl
rjg vk, fd g+kth tkQ+j fcu g+kth tekyqn~nhu
fcykyh g+chZ ekjgjk yk, vkSj g+t+jr l¸;n “kkg g+et+k
,+suh jg+erqYykg v+ySg dks budh ft+;kjr djkbZA bu
rc:Zdkr dh ft+;kjr djrs gh g+t+jr g+et+k ds fny esa
[+;ky iSnk gqvk fd dk”k g+kth lkg+c esjh dqy tk;nkn
ys ysa vkSj ;g rc:Zdkr eq>s b+uk;r dj nsaA ;g [+;ky
iSnk gksrs gh vkius g+kth lkg+c ls ft+Ø fd;k exj g+kth
lkg+c jkt+h ugha gq, vkSj bu rc:Zdkr dks ysdj ekjgjk
ls pys x,A rc:Zdkr u feyus ij g+t+jr “kkg lkg+c
dks cM+k nq[k gqvkA mlh jkr [+okc esa gqT+kwj lYyYykgq

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P a g e | 134

rv+kyk vySfg o lYye dh ft+;kjr gqbZ vkius Q+jek;k%
lkg+ct+kns! jathnk D;ksa gksrs gks\ gedks rqEgkjh [k+kfrj
lc dqN eUT+kwj gSA rqedks rqEgkjh [+okfg”k ds eqokfQ+d+
eSaus og rhuksa rc:Zdkr ns fn;sA pqukUps ,d fnu g+kth
lkg+c og rc:Zdkr ysdj ekjgjk g+kft+j gq, vkSj lun
ds lkFk g+t+jr dh f[k+ner esa is”k dj fn;kA ;g
rc:Zdkr lun ds lkFk [k+kud+kgs cjdkfr;k esa vc rd
ekStwn gSaA
2& g+t+jr bekes g+lu vkSj g+t+jr bekes gqlSu “kghns
djcyk dh nk<+h ds cky eqckjd
;s reke rc:Zdkr gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr
jg+erqYykg v+ySg ds ,d eqjhns [k+kl uokc :gqYykg
[k+ku lkg+c esjBh us vius ihjks eqf”kZn dks uT+kz fd;s FksA
bu rc:Zdkr ds igq¡pus ls igys gh gqT+kwj lYyYykgq
rv+kyk v+ySg o lYye us gqT+kwj lkfg+cqy cjdkr dks
[+okc esa c”kkjr nh FkhA mlds ckn uokc :gqYykg [k+ku
lkg+c ekjgjk g+kft+j gq, vkSj ;g rc:Zdkr g+t+jr dks
uT+kz fd;s FksA ;g rc:Zdkr lun ds lkFk [k+kud+kg
“kjhQ+ esa ekStwn gSaA
3& g+t+jr v+yh jfn;Yykgq v+Ugq dh nk<+h dk cky
;s ew, eqckjd lknkrs t+Sfn;k dk vkckbZ vkSj
fugk;r eqLrun gS vkSj g+t+jr t+Sn “kghn jfn;Yykgq
rv+kyk v+Ugq ls flyflyk c flyflyk l¸;n eqg+Een
jkS”ku fcyxzkeh dh chch lkfg+ck rd igq¡pkA ;g chch
lkfg+ck g+t+jr vPNs fe;k¡ vkSj g+t+jr lqFkjs fe;k¡ dh
g+d+hd+h ukuh FkhaA tc bu nksuksa g+t+jkr dks buds ekew
uOokc l¸;n uw:y g+lu [k+k¡ lkg+c cgknqj us viuh

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P a g e | 135

tkxhj d+Lck dqokr ft+yk vkjk esa cqyok;k vkSj [+kwc
lkt+ks lkeku fn;k ml oD+r budh ukuh us ;g ew,
eqckjd ;g dgdj fn;k fd **rqEgkjs ekew us rqedks cgqr
dqN fn;k eSa Hkh ;g ;knxkj rqedks nsrh gw¡ tks eq>s esjs
vkck o vtnkn ls flyflyk c flyflyk igq¡pk gSA**
;g rc:Zdkr vkt Hkh ekStwn gSaA
4& g+t+jr ekSyk v+yh dk tqCck eqckjd
;s tqCck g+t+jr g+lu cljh jfn;Yykgq rv+kyk
v+Ugq ds ikl Fkk vkSj muls g+t+jr eg+cwcs lqcg+kuh
l¸;nuk “ks[k+ v+Cnqy d+kfnj lqcg+kuh jfn;Yykgq rv+kyk
v+Ugq rd igq¡pk fQj muls g+t+jr [+oktk eqb+Zuqn~nhu
jfn;Yykgq rv+kyk v+Ugq rd igq¡pk fQj okLrk c okLrk
g+t+jr fut+keqn~nhu vkSfy;k vkSj g+t+jr lkfg+cqy cjdkr
jg+erqYykg v+ySfgek rd igq¡pkA ;g tqCck vkt rd
[k+kud+kg “kjhQ+ esa ekStwn gS vkSj lTtknku”khuh ds fnu
tks [k+jd+kiks”kh dh jLe gksrh gS rks nwljs [k+jd+ksa ds lkFk
;g tqCck Hkh iguk;k tkrk gS vkSj ;gh [k+jd+k lcls
Åij gksrk gS ysfdu pw¡fd ;g pkSng lkS lky igys dk
gS blfy;s vc rc:Zd ds rkSj ij flQ+Z da/kksa ij Mky
fn;k tkrk gSA
5& laxs [k+Scjh ¼eksgjk lax½
;s iRFkj g+t+jr v+yh dh djker dk uewuk gSA
fdlh eSnku esa vkidks ?kksM+k ck¡/kus dh t+:jr is”k vkbZ
Fkh] vkids ikl Mksjh ugha Fkh ftldh otg ls ,d iRFkj
ls js”ke [khap dj mls vius ?kksM+s ls ck¡/k fn;k Fkk] ;g
eksgjk lax mlh iRFkj dk VqdM+k gS] blls vkt rd
js”ke fudyrk gSA ;g eksgjk lax Hkh bl [k+kunku dk

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P a g e | 136

ekS:l+h vkSj d+nheh fugk;r eqLrun gS vkSj g+t+jr t+Sn
“kghn jfn;Yykgq rv+kyk v+Ugq ls bl oD+r rd uLy nj
uLy bl ?kjus esa pyk vk jgk gSA bldh lun Hkh
ekStwn gSA
6& ew, eqckjd ¼nk<+h dk cky½ g+t+jr x+kSl+s ikd
jfn;Yykgq rv+kyk vUgq o rlchg+ ds nkus
;s ew, eqckjd “kEls ekjgjk g+t+jr vPNs fe;k¡
lkg+c ds t+ekus esa bl [k+kunku esa igq¡pkA ftl fnu ;g
ew, eqckjd vkidks feyk vki cgqr [+kq”k gq, vkSj
ltn&,&”kqØ vnk djus ds ckn Q+jek;k% **vkt gekjs
?kj esa vlykQ+s fdjke vkSj eqf”kZnkus ,t+ke ds reke
rc:Zdkr dh rdehy gks xbZA** g+t+jr x+kSl+s vkt+e dh
rlchg+ ds lkr nkus Hkh rc:Zdkr esa gSa ftudks x+kSl+s
vkt+e us cwv+yh “kkg d+yUnj ikuhirh ds gkFk Hkstdj
lkr dqrqcksa dh c”kkjr nh FkhA
bu rc:Zdkr ds v+ykok [k+kuokn&,&cjdkfr;k
ds rd+jhcu lkjs e”kkb[k+s fdjke ds cgqr ls rc:Zdkr
[k+kud+kg esa ekStwn gSa vkSj bu rc:Zdkr dh m+lksaZ ds
ekSd+s ij ft+;kjr djkbZ tkrh gSA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 137

et+kjkrs vkSfy;k ij g+kft+jh ds vknkc
 eT+kkjkr&,&vkSfy;k ij ik;rh ¼iSjksa½ dh
tkfuc ls gkfT+kj gksa vkSj t+jk Q+klys ls
d+cz&,&eqckjd ds ck;ha tkfuc ogk¡ [kM+s
gksa tgk¡ e¸;r dk psgjk gksrk gS fQj vnc
ls lyke vt+Z djsa ^^vLlykeq vySd ;k
lS¸;nh o jgerqYykfg o cjdkrqgw**A mlds
ckn Q+kfrgk i<+saA
 nwljs yksx Hkh Q+kfrgk i<+ jgs gksa rks cqyUn
vkokt+ ls u Qkfrgk i<sa] u lykeA
 eT+kkjkr dks ckslk nsuk tk;t+ gS ysfdu
csgrj ;g gS fd et+kjkr dks u gkFk
yxk;sa vkSj u pwesaA
 et+kjkr&,&eqckjdk ij is'kkuh gjfxt+
gjfxt+ u j[ksa fd ;s l[+r euk gSA
 diM+s dh pknj is'k djuk Hkh tk;t+ gS]
ysfdu csgrj ;g gS fd Qwyksa dh pknj
is'k djsaA blls vkSfy;k&,&fdjke dh
eqckjd :gsa T;knk [kq'k gksrh gSaA
 vxjcÙkh et+kjkr ls t+jk gV dj tyk;sa
D;ksafd bldk Q+k;nk [+kq'kcw gS vkSj vkx

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 138

dh pht+ksa dks dcz ls nwj j[kus dk gqDe
gSA
 jks'kuh igys ls ekStwn gks rks eksecÙkh u
tyk;sa D;ksafd ;g Qqt+wy[k+phZ gSA ojuk
t+jk Q+klys ls eksecÙkh jks'ku djsaA
 et+kj dh tkfuc ihB u gksus ik;s D;ksa fd
;s cs vnch gSA bldk T;knk [+;ky mu
yksxksa dks j[kuk pkfg, tks cs'rj vkSd+kr
¼vf/kdrj le;½ njxkg esa gkft+j jgrs gSaA
rkfd yksx muls vnc lh[ksaA
 jkSt+k&,&eqckjd esa fdlh ds lkFk
csrdYyqQ cqyUn vkokt+ ls xq¶rxw u djsa
fd f[+kykQs+ vnc gSA
 vkSjrksa dks tc efLt+n esa uekt+ i<+us ds
fy, gkft+j gksus dh bt+kt+r ugha] rks bl
nkSj&iqj&fQru ¼fQrus ds t+ekus½ esa
et+kjkr&,&vkSfy;k ij gkft+jh dh
btkt+r dSls nh tk ldrh gS \ vkSjrsa
gjfxt+ et+kjkr&,&vkSfy;k ij gkft+j u
gksa] ;gh gqDes 'kfj;r gSA
et+kjkrs vkSfy;k ij gkft+jh ds ;gh vknkc
bekes vg~ys lqUur vkyk gt+jr beke vg+en
jt+k d+knjh cjdkrh vySfgjZg+ek us vius
Q+rkok esa c;ku Q+jek;k gSA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 139

Q+QQ

Q+kfrg+k dk vklku rjhd+k
igys rhu ;k ik¡p ;k lkr erZck nq:n 'kjhQ+
i<+sa] fQj pkjksa dqy 'kjhQ+ e; lwjg Qkfrgk vkSj vkye
eqf¶+ygwu rd i<+saA
nq:n 'kjhQ+% lYyYykgq vyu&ufcf¸;y mfEef¸; o
vkfyfg lYyYykgq vySfg olYye lykrqqao o lykeu
vySdk ;k jlqywYykgA

fcfLeYykfgjZgkefujZghe

vYkg+Enq fyYykfg jfCcy~ v+kyehuA
vjZg+ekfujZgheA ekfyfd ;kSfeíhu b¸;k&d uv~cqnq
o b¸;k&d uLrv+huA bg~fnufLljkry&eqLrd+heA
fljkrYyt+h&u
vUk
v+e&r
v+ySfgeA
xS+fjy&eX+T+kwfc v+ySfge o yT+t+kYyhuA ¼vkehu½

dqy~ ;k v¸;qgy dkfQ+:uA yk vv~cqnq ek
rv~cqnwuA oyk vUrqe~ vkfcnw&u ek vv~cqnA o
yk v&u v+kfcnqe~&ek v+cRrqe~A o yk vUrqe~
v+kfcnw&u ek vv~cqnA ydqe nhuqdqe~ o fy&;
nhuA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 140


dqy~ gqoYykgq v&gnA vYykgql&len~A
ye~ ;fyn~ o ye~ ;wyn~A o ye~ ;dqy~&ygw
dqQqou~ v&gnA

dqy~ vv+wtq fcjfCcy~ Q+&yd+A feu~ 'kfjZ ek
[k+&y&d+A o feu~ 'kfjZ x+kflfd+u~ bt+k o&d+c~A
o feu~ 'kfjZu~&u¶+Q+lkfr fQy~&vq&d+n~A feu~ 'kfjZ
gkflfnu~ bt+k g&ln~A

dqy~ vv+wtq fcjfCcUukflA efyfdUukflA
bykfgUuklA
feu~ 'kfjZy~ oLokfly&[k+UuklA
vYyt+h
;qol~folq
Q+h
lqnwfjUukflA
feuy~&ftUufr oUuklA
fQj vkf[k+j esa rhu ;k ik¡p ;k lkr ejrck nq:n 'kjhQ+
i<+sa vkSj ckjxkgs bykgh esa nksuksa gkFk mBkdj ;w¡ nqvk djsa%&
;k vYykg! geus tks dqN nq:n 'kjhQ+ i<+k gS vkSj
dqjvku ethn dh vk;rsa frykor dh gSa mudk lokc
¼vxj [kkuk ;k 'khjhuh gks rks bruk vkSj dgsa fd bl
[kkus vkSj 'khjhuh dk lokc½ esjh tkfuc ls gqT+kwj
lYyYykgq vySfg olYye dks ut+j igq¡pk ns] fQj muds
olhys ls tqeyk vfEc;k&,&bdjke vySfgeqLlyke o
lgkck vkSj reke vkSfy;k myek dks vrk Q+jek ¼fQj
vxj fdlh [k+kl cqt+qxZ dks blkys lokc djuk gks rks
mudk [+kq+lwlh;r ls uke ysa elyu ;w¡ dgsa fd gt+jr
x+kSl ikd jft+;Yykgq rv+kyk vUgq ;k [+oktk x+jhc
uokt+ dks ut+j igq¡pk nsa½ vkSj fQj tqeyk eksfeuhu o
eksfeukr dh vjokg dks lokc vrk Q+jek vkSj vxj
fdlh vke vkneh dks blkys lokc djuk gks rks mldk
ft+Ø [+k+qlwlh ls djsa elyu ;w¡ dgsa fd [+k+qlwlu gekjs

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 141

okfyn] okfynk ;k nknk] nknh ;k ukuk] ukuh dh :g
dks lokc igq¡pk ns vkSj fQj tqeyk eksfeuhu o eksfeukr
dh vjokg dks lokc igq¡pk nsA
feutkfuc% vycjdkr bLykfed fjlpZ ,.M Vªsfuax
baLVhV~;wV] vyhx<+A

“ktj, m+y;k g+t+jkrs v+kfy;k d+knfj;k cjdkfr;k
;k bykgh jg+e Q+jek eqLrQ+k ds okLr]s
;k jlwyYykg dje dhft;s [+kqnk ds okLrsA
Ekqf”dysa g+y dj “kgs eqf”dydq”kk ds okLrs]
dj cyk,¡ jn “kghns djcyk ds okLrsA
l¸;ns lTtkn ds lnd+s esa lkftn j[k eq>]s
b+Yes g+d+ ns ckfd+js b+Yes gqnk ds okLrsA
flnd+s lkfnd+ dk rlíqd+ lkfndq+y bLyke dj]
cs x+t+c jkt+h gks dkft+e vkSj jt+k ds okLrsA
cgjs ek#Q+ks ljh ek#Q+ ns cs [+kqnljh]
tqUns g+d+ esa fxu tquSns ck lQ+k ds okLrsA
cgjs f”kcyh “ksjs g+d+ nqfu;k ds dqÙkksa ls cpk]
,d dk j[k v+Cns okfg+n cs&fj;k ds okLrsA
Ckqy Q+jg dk lnd+k dj x+e dks Q+jg+ ns gqLuks lv+n]
Ckqyg+lu
vkSj
cwlbZns
lknt+k ds okLrsA
d+knjh dj] d+knjh j[k] d+knjh;ksa esa mBk]
d+nsz v+Cnqy d+kfnjs dqnjruqek ds okLrsA

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 142

vg+luYykgq ygqe fjTd+u ls ns fjT+ds+ g+lu]
cUn, jT+t+kd+ rktqy vlfQ+;k ds okLrA
ulz vch lkysg dk lnd+k lkysgks eUlwj j[k]
ns g+;krs nha eqgh;s tk¡ fQ+tk+ ds okLrsA
rwjs bjQ+kuks mywoks g+Enks gqLuk oks cgk]
ns v+yh ewlk g+lu vg+en cgk ds okLrsA
cgjs bczkghe eq> ij ukjs x+e xqyt+kj dj]
Hkhd ns nkrk fHkdkjh ckn”kk ds okLrsA
[k+ku, fny dks ft+;k ns #, bZek¡ dks teky]
“kg ft+;k ekSyk tekyqy vkSfy;k ds okLrsA
ns eqg+Een ds fy;s] jkst+h dj vg+en ds fy;s]
[+okus Q+T+yqYYkkg ls fg+Llk xnk ds okLrsA
nhuks nqfu;k ds eq>s cjdkr ns cjdkr ls]
b+”ds+ g+d+ ns b+”fd+;s b+”fd+Urek ds okLrsA
gqCcs vg~ys cSr ns vkys eqg+Een ds fy;s]
dj “kghns b+”d+ g+et+k is”kok ds okLrsA
fny dkss vPNk ru dks lqFkjk tku dks iqjuwj dj]
vPNs I;kjs “kEls nha cn#y m+yk ds okLrsA
fny dkss vPNk ru dks lqFkjk tku dks iqjuwj dj]
lqFkjs I;kjs uwjs g+d+ “kElqn~nqg+k ds okLrsA

”ktj, dq+nfl;k vehfj;k

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 143

nksuksa v+kye esa gks eq> ij rsjh jg+er dk uqT+kwy
“kg vehjs v+kyes vg~ys lQ+k ds okLrs
Ukkes ukeh ftudk gS gt+jr x+qykes eqg+~;s nha
c[+”k ns eq>dks rw muds bfÙkd+k ds okLrs
“ktj, eqckjdk lkfnd+h;k
eq> dks vkSykns jlwys ck lQ+k dk j[k xq+yke
“kkg vkSykns jlwy ckft+;k ds okLrs
d+kSyks Q+syks g+ky lc esa eq>dks rw lPpk gh j[k
“kg eqg+Een lkfnds+ enZs [+kqnk ds okLrs
“ktj, v+kfy;k uwfj;k
nks tgk¡ esa [+kkfnes vkys jlwyqYykg j[k
g+t+jrs vkys jlwys eqD+rnk ds okLrs
uwjs bZek¡ uwjs d+Ycks uwjs d+czks g+J ns
cqygqlSus vg+ens uwjh ft+;k ds okLrs
esjh fd+Ler dh cqjkbZ usdh ls dj ns cny
g+t+jrs cqyd+kfles [k+S:ygqnk ds okLrs
gqCcs vkSykns jlwys ikd ns fny esa jpk
“kkg vkSykns jlwys jguqek ds okLrs

;k bykgh cgjs g+t+jr eqLrQ+k g+Snj g+lu
gq+Luks lQ+or dj v+rk muds xnk ds okLrs
;k bykgh vEuks bZek¡ ns vekurnkj j[k
Ekqjf”knh l¸;n vehus csfj;k ds okLrs

g;krs e”kkb[k+s ekjgjk

P a g e | 144

lnd+k bu vv+;k¡ dk ns N% ,+su b+T+t+ks b+Yeks v+ey
b+Yeks b+jQ+k¡ v+kfQ+;r bl csuok ds okLrs


fdrkfc;kr ¼g+okys½
1&fljktqy v+okfjQ+ & l¸;n “kkg vcqy gqlSu vg+ens
uwjh
2& vlg~gqRrokjh[k+ & l¸;n “kkg vkSAykns jlwy eqgEen
fe;k¡
3& rkjh[k+s [k+kunkus cjdkr & l¸;n “kkg vkSykns jlwy
eqgEen fe;k¡
4& enkgs gqT+kwjs uwj d+yeh & d+kt+h xqyke “kCcj d+knjh
5& rt+fdj, uwjh ¼ercwv+k½ & ekSykuk mlSnqy g+d+
6& cjdkrs ekjgjk & ekSykuk rqQ+Sy vg+en eqrkoYyh
7& vg~ys lqUur dh vkokt+ “kqekjk 1] 2] 3 & l¸;n
“kkg uthc g+Snj uwjh ¼eqnhj½
8& g+;krs “kEls ekjgjk & ekSykuk mlSnqy g+d+ d+knjh
9& eqLrQ+k ls vkys eqLrQ+k rd & l¸;n “kkg vkys
jlwy g+luSu fe;k¡ uT+eh
10& g+;krs vkys jlwy & ekSykuk eg+ewn vg+en
fjQ+kd+rh