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Catalyst (5 minutes)

Science catalyst (get your brain going) – in your notebook, answer the following (1) Have you
Science catalyst (get your brain going) – in your notebook,
answer the following
(1) Have you ever conducted an experiment before?
Have you ever seen an experiment being done?
If so, describe what you did or saw.
(1) Name some of the steps that you know you have
to do when you conduct an experiment.
(1) Pretend that you wanted to know whether a
mouse liked cheese or peanut butter better.
What kinds of things would you do to answer this
question?
The The Scientific Scientific Method Method AA Way Way toto Solve Solve aa Problem Problem
The
The Scientific
Scientific
Method
Method
AA Way
Way toto Solve
Solve aa
Problem
Problem
What is the Scientific Method? • Steps taken to – identify a question, – develop a
What is the Scientific
Method?
• Steps taken to
– identify a question,
– develop a hypothesis,
– design and carry out steps or procedures
– test the hypothesis
– document observations and findings
– share with someone else
• In other words, it’s a way to analyze and
solve a problem!
Scientists have to take the time to think logically when they are investigating a question or
Scientists have to take the
time to think logically when
they are investigating a
question or problem.
• They break things
down into steps
that make sense.

Steps to the

Scientific Method • Most people agree that there are 5 to 8 main steps of the
Scientific Method
• Most people agree that
there are 5 to 8 main steps
of the scientific method

7 Steps

• 1) Choose a problem/ question • 2) Research your problem/ make observations about your problem
• 1) Choose a problem/ question
• 2) Research your problem/ make
observations about your problem
• 3) Form a hypothesis
• 4) Write your procedure
• 5) Experiment to test the hypothesis
• 6) Record results/data of experiment
• 7) Communicate the conclusion
•Choose something that can be answered with an experiment. •It should be something that interests us,
•Choose something that can be
answered with an experiment.
•It should be something that
interests us, or deals with our
everyday lives!
1) Choose a problem or question.
What are ways that Plants respond to light?
What are ways that Plants
respond to light?

OBSERVATION

An observation is the act of gathering information based on the five senses.
An observation
is the act of
gathering
information
based on the
five senses.
I observe plants in the room or out in the garden. What is the sense I
I observe plants in the room or
out in the garden.
What is the sense I am using for
my observation here?

2) Research your question

• If your question is complex, you may need to gather more information from different resources.
• If your question is
complex, you may
need to gather more
information from
different resources.
Examples:
• You can also gather
information by
making observations.
•Observe the world around
you.
•Interview experts!
• Look in books or use the
internet to find more
information!

3) Develop your hypothesis

• A hypothesis is a possible answer to your question. • Some people call a hypothesis
• A hypothesis is
a possible answer
to your question.
• Some people call a
hypothesis an
educated guess.

4) Write your procedure

• List of all of the materials you will need. • List what you will do.
List of all of the
materials you will
need.
List what you will do.
• Number each step in
order.
• Write down
everything you will
do to carry out your
experiment.
5) Experiment to test the hypothesis! • Get your materials, follow your procedures, and make observations.
5) Experiment to test the
hypothesis!
• Get your materials,
follow your
procedures, and
make observations.
• Write down your
observations, this
is called your data!

6) Organize your data

• Write down as much data as you can about what you see during your experiment.
• Write down as
much data as you
can about what you
see during your
experiment.
• Make tables,
charts, or graphs
using your data.
Plants Compared to the Control
Plants Compared to the Control
7) State your conclusion • In the conclusion, scientists answer the question that the experiment asked.
7) State your conclusion
• In the conclusion, scientists answer the
question that the experiment asked.
• Look at your data and decide what it tells
you about your hypothesis. Summarize
your data.
• Communicate your results with others.

Sample procedure

Question: Do plants grow differently in different light? 1. Develop a hypothesis based on what you
Question: Do plants grow differently in different light?
1.
Develop a hypothesis based on what you expect might happen.
2.
Research some information on plants and light.
3.
Choose 3 identical plants. Set one on a sunny window sill, another in a
lighted classroom, another in a darker area.
4.
Use the lighted classroom plant as the CONTROL. The control is the
regular situation that you will compare the other two circumstances
to.
5.
For two weeks water and check as normal. Measure the height of
each plant every 3 days and record the information. Take a photo of
each plant every 3 days. Make observations in the experiment
notepad, using as many senses as possible.
6.
Organize your data in a final report.
7.
State your conclusion regarding the answer to your question based on
the data you have and your observations.
Once a scientist completes an experiment, they often repeat it to see if they get •
Once a scientist completes
an experiment, they often
repeat it to see if they get
This is really what we call
the same findings and
verification, or checking
things out to make sure
results.
everything was valid and
will happen again and again.