# Equivalent forces

A force and a couple are applied to a beam. (a) Replace this system by a force F applied at point G, and determine the distance d. (b) Solve part (a) assuming that the directions of the two 600- N forces are reversed.

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Equivalent forces

Y (0,6)

(0,4.5)

(0,2)

YB=0
(0,4)

XA
Equivalent system

XB

X

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Equivalent forces

Y (0,6)

(0,4.5)

(0,2)

YB=0
(0,4)

XA

XB

X

 F  800  600  600  X - X  800  X - X F  0  M  (6 j )    X i   (4.5 j )  800i   (4 j )   600i   (2 j )   600i    6 X k   (3600k )  (2400k )  (1200k )  6 X k  2400k
X A B A B Y Z ,B A A A

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Equivalent forces

Y

(0,6)

(0,4.5)

(0,2)

Y B=0
(0,4)

XA

XB

X

FG

F  F  X - X F  0  M = (6 j )    X i   ( 6  d  j )   F i    6 X k   (6  d ) F k
X G A B Y Z ,B A A G G

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Equivalent forces

Y

(0,6)

(0,4.5)

(0,2)

Y B=0
(0,4)

XA

XB

X

Equivalent system

FG

F M

X

 FG  X A - X B  800  X A - X B  FG  800
Z ,B

  6 X A k   (6  d ) FG k  6 X A k  2400k  (6  d ) FG k  2400k

 (6  d )800  2400  (6  d )  3  6  d  3  d  3

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Equivalent forces

Y

(0,6)

(0,4.5)

(0,2)

Y B=0
(0,4)

XA

XB

X

Equivalent system

FG

 F  800  600  600  X - X  800  X - X F  0  M  (6 j )    X i   (4.5 j )  800i   (4 j )   600i   (2 j )   600i    6 X k   (3600k )  (2400k )  (1200k )  6 X k  4800k
X A B A B Y Z ,B A A A

F M

X

 FG  X A - X B  800  X A - X B  FG  800
Z ,B

  6 X A k   (6  d )FG k  6 X A k  4800k  (6  d ) FG k  4800k

 (6  d )800  4800  (6  d )  6  6  d  6  d  0

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