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WI-VI

TECHNOLOGY
Presented by
U.Gowthami Devi
13K61A0484
R.Bhagyasri
13K61A0472

CONTENTS

Introduction
History
Construction
Basic Principle
Working
Advantages and disadvantages
Applications
Future scope
Conclusions

Introduction
Wi-Vi stands

for wireless vision.

Wi-Vi is used to detect the humans behind the wall.

Wi-Vi is a three antenna device with two transmitters and one receiver.Signals
transmitted are similar but inverse of 1st antenna.

Earlier operation to detect humans behind wall used antenna array and UWB
frequencies made them bulky.

What WI-VI can do?

Detect the Number of Moving Humans in a Closed Room.

Determine the Relative Locations of Moving Humans.

Eliminate the reflections from static devices.

Enable communication through wall carrying wireless device.

Identify Simple Gestures from Behind a Wall.

History

Its research has been done prominently at MITs(Massachusetts Institute of


Technology) Computer Science and Intelligence Laboratory.

By Dina Kitabi ,a professor in MITs Department of Electrical engineering


and computer science ,and her graduate student Fadel Adib.

Wi-Vi was first introduced in the year 2013.

Wi-Vi construction
Wi-Vi like any other system essentially consists of a Transmitter and a
Receiver.
A Wi-Vi system constitutes- Two transmitting antennas.

Single receiver.

Basic Principle
WI-VI is Based on the principle of RADAR and SONAR imaging(doppler effect).
RADAR is an object detection system which uses
radio waves to determine the range, altitude,
direction, or speed of objects.
Its similar to the way radar and sonar work but
without the expensive ,bulky gear and restricted
frequencies that radar requires.

Key Idea
WI-VI DEVICE

Figure1 :Key idea for working of WI-VI

The key idea behind this technology is the reflection of the


signals which is similar to that of RADAR and SONAR
imaging.
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Working
Transmitting signals are low power Wi-FI
signals.
The two antennas transmit almost
identical signals,except the second
antenna's signal is the inverse of the
first resulting in interference

Continued

These 2 transmitted waves are going to reflect off the wall and come back to the receive
antenna.

Any static objects that the signals hit including the wall create identical reflections,
they too are cancelled out by this nuling effect.

Only those reflections that change between the two signals, such as those from a
moving object, arrive back at the receiver.

As the person moves through the room, his or her distance from the receiver changes,
meaning the time it takes for the reflected signal to make its way back to the receiver
changes.

The system then uses this information to calculate where the person is at any one time.

IDENTFYING AND TRACKING OF HUMANS


Direction of motion

Direction of reflection
At any point in time, we
have a single
measurement
WI-VI
DEVICE

Antenna Array

Figure 5:ISAR

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Tracking Motion
Direction of motion

Direction
of motion
Antenna Array

Figure 6:ISAR

WI-VI
DEVICE

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All reflections from static objects are cancelled out, and the only thing
registered by the device is the moving human.

Tracking Multiple Humans

Number of distinct curves at the same time corresponds to the number of


humans

100
80
60

60

40

40

20
0
-20
-40
-60

-100

20
0
-20
-40
-60

-80

80

Angle (degrees)

Angle (degrees)

100

-80
3
4
Time (seconds)

Figure 8 output for two Humans

-100

3
4
Time (seconds)

Figure 9 output for three Humans


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Advantages of wi-vi
Wi-Vi requires only a few MHz of bandwidth and operates in the same
range as Wi-Fi.
Wi-Vi can perform through-wall imaging without access to any device on
the other side of the wall.
Wi-Vi employs signals whose wavelengths are 12.5 cm.
Extend human vision beyond the visible electromagnetic range, allowing
us to detect in the dark or in smoke.
High efficiency.

Disadvantages of wi-vi

Low resolution.
Short range of communication.
We cannot detect humans behind walls thicker than 8inches.

Applications
Military purpose

Firefighters check for humans

Personal security

Gaming

Future scope
Wi-Vi technology
introduced.

has

just

been

It is an emerging technology with a


wide range of applications.
In the possible future we would be able
to see through solid materials by using
smart phones.

Conclusion
WI-VI a Smart hand held device which gives an insight vision through walls.
Could prove to be very powerful and effective device for defence
purposes.
Possibly the next generation RADAR.

Wi-Vi technology can change our world before we realize it.

References
http://people.csail.mit.edu/fadel/wivi/design.html
http://mcdonnellqumba.blogspot.in/2013/06/get-xray-vision-with

-wivi-technology.html
http://geekshots.in/2013/12/16/wi-vi-wifi-vision-vision-behind-the

-walls/
http://www.redorbit.com/news/technology/1112886700/wivi-uses-w

ifi-to-see-through-walls-062813/