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The Muscular System

Functions of Muscles

Slide 6.8

Produce movement

Stabilize joints

Maintain posture

Generate heat

Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Slide 6.1

Three Basic Muscle Types


1. Skeletal muscle = attached to bones
2. Cardiac muscle = heart muscles

3. Smooth muscle = inner organ muscles

Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Slide 6.3

Skeletal Muscle Characteristics


Most are attached
by tendons to bones
Has striations (lines)
No branches
(parallel)

Voluntary
(conscious control)
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Slide 6.7

Cardiac Muscle Characteristics


Found only in the
heart
Has striations
(lines)
Branches out (not
parallel)

Involuntary
(cannot control)
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Slide 6.6

Smooth Muscle Characteristics


Found mainly in
the walls of inner
organs
No striations
(lines)
No branches
(parallel)
Involuntary
(cannot control)
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Skeletal Muscle Cardiac Muscle

Smooth Muscle

bones

heart

hollow organs

Striated? (yes/no)

yes

yes

no

Branches? (yes/no)

no

yes

no

voluntary

involuntary

involuntary

Where is it located?

Voluntary or
involuntary?