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MSU- IIT COLLEGE OF LAW EXTENSION

2ND Semester, AY 2015-2016

LABOR RELATIONS LAW


Atty. Fe V. Puyos
SYLLABUS
REFERENCES:
The Labor Code with Comments and Cases (8th Ed., Vols. A & B, Azucena)
Working With Labor Laws: A Comprehensive Guide on Conditions of

Employment, Employee Benefits Under Special Laws, Termination and


Retirement (A.R. V. Samson)

1987 Philippine Constitution (See also: 1935 and 1975 Constitution)


P.D. 442 (Labor Code of the Philippines), as amended
Book V, Omnibus Rules Implementing the Labor Code as amended by D.O. No. 40,
Series of 2003; D.O. No. 9 (June 21, 1997)

Grading System:
Attendance 20%
Midterms 20%
Finals 30%
Recitations/ Quizzes 30%
Classroom Policies:
Other than the university rules on discipline, students are expected to
conduct themselves appropriately during class. No dishonesty or violence will be
tolerated. No improper use of cellular phones and other mobile devices not
related to the subject matter.
COURSE OUTLINE:

I. INTRODUCTION
A.
Definition and Overview of Labor Relations
1.
Distinction between Labor Standards and Labor Relations
2.
Overview of Labor Relations
B.

End Goal of Labor Relations


1.
Social Justice, Art. II, Sec. 5
2.
Protection to Labor, Art. XIV
Case: Antamoc Goldfields Mining Co. v. CIR, 70 Phil. 340 (40)
C.

Seven Cardinal Rights of Workers, 1987 Const., Art. XIII, Sec. 3

D.

Management Prerogative, 1987 Const., Art. XIII, Sec. 3

Case: University of Immaculate Concepcion, Inc. v. sec. of labor, G.R.


151379, January 14, 2005
II. STATE POLICY
A. Methods of Dispute Settlement, 1987 Const., Art. XIII, Sec. 3, par. 3;
Labor Code, Art. 211 A (a), Art. 3
Case: Manila Diamond Hotel Employees Union v. Court of Appeals, 447
SCRA 97 (2005)
B.
Trade Unionism, Definition of Trade Union Activities, Art. 211 A (b), (c);
Art. 212 (g), Art. 270 (a)
C.

Work Enlightenment, Art. 211 A (d), Art. 241 (p), Art. 277 (a)
Case: Victoria v. Inciong, 157 SCRA 339 (1988)

D.
Machinery for Dispute Settlement, Arts. 211 A (e), 212 (a), (b), (c), (d);
213-222; 226; 1987 Administrative code of the Philippines, Title VII, Chapter on
Labor and Employment, Sec. 23
1.
213, 217

National Labor Relations Commission; Labor Arbiters, Arts. 212 (a),

2.

National Conciliation Mediation Board, Art. 212 ; 250 (c0, (d), (e)

3.

Bureau of Labor Relations; labor Relations Division, Arts. 212 (b),

Cases: St. Martins Funeral Homes v. NLRC, 295 SCRA 494 (1998)
Deltaventures v. Cabato, 327 SCRA 521 (2000)

226

Cases: Abbot Laboratories Philippines, Inc. v. Abbot Laboratories


Employees Union, 323 SCRA 392 (2000)

4. Voluntary Arbitration Advisory Council, Arts. 212 9a); 260-262


Case: AMA Computer College-Snatiago City, Inc. v. Nacino, 544 SCRA 502 (2008)
5.
Administrative Intervention for Dispute Avoidance, DOLE Circular
No. 1, series 2006
E.
Industrial Peace, Art. 211 A (f); Art. 273; 1987 Const., Art. XIII, Sec. 3,
par. 3

F.
Worker Participation in Decision and Policy making Processes Affecting
Rights, Duties and Welfare, Art. 211 A (g); Art. 255, par. 2; Art. 277 (g)
Cases: Phil. Airlines, Inc. v. NLRC, 225 SCRA 301 (1993); Manila Electric
Co. v. Quisumbing, 326 SCRA 172 (2000)
I.
Jurisdiction of Labor Arbiters and the Commission
PAL, Inc. Vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 55159, December 22, 1989
Hawaiian- Phil. Company vs. Gulmatico, et al; GR No. 106231, Nov. 16,
1994
A. Venue of Actions
B. Workers Option
PNB vs. Cabansag, GR No. 157010, June 21, 2005
Dayag, et al. vs Canizares, et al., GR No. 124193, March 6, 1998
Sulpicio Lines, Inc. vs NLRC, 2554 SCRA 506 (1996)
II.

APPEAL

2011 NLRC Rules of Procedure


St. Martin Funeral Homes vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 130866
September 16, 1998

Period of Appeal: SM Agri and General Machineries vs NLRC, GR No.


74806, January 9, 1989
Vir-Jen Shipping vs NLRC et al., GR No. 58011-12, July 20, 1982
Murillo vs. Sun Valley Realty, Inc., GR No. 67272, June 30, 1988

A. Technical Rules Reyes vs. NLRC, GR No. 180551, Feb. 10, 2009
B. St. Martin Funeral Homes vs. NLRC
C. Execution of Decision
III.

LABOR ORGANIZATIONS
Registration and Cancellation
Definition of Terms
Collective Bargaining Unit
National Union/ Federation
Industry Union
Trade Union Center
Company Union
Workers Association
Chartered Local
Certification Election

Classification of Labor Organizations


Affiliation and Disaffiliation

IV.

Cancellation of Registration
Rights and Conditions of Membership

UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICE


Mariano vs. Interocean Lines, GR No. L-12429 Feb. 27, 1961
Republic Savings Bank vs. CIR, 21 SCRA 661, Oct. 3, 1967
HSBCEU vs. NLRC, GR No. 125038, Nov. 6, 1997
Philcom Employees Union vs PGC, GR No. 144315, July 17,
2006
G. Aronson Co., Inc. va ALU, GR No. L-23010, July 9, 1971

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.

Acts constituting ULP


Yellow Dog Condition
Contracting Out
Runaway Shop
Company-dominated Union
Union Security Clause
Closed Shop Agreement
ULP of Labor Organizations
Featherbedding, Sweetheart Contract
I. ULP of Management
V.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENT


a) Mandatory provisions of CBA
(i) Grievance procedure
(ii) Voluntary arbitration
(iii) No strike-no lockout clause
(iv) Labor management council
b) Duration
(i) For economic provisions
(ii) For non-economic provisions
(iii) Freedom period
c) Union Security
a) Union security clauses; closed shop, union shop, maintenance of
membership shop, etc.
b) Check-off; union dues, agency fees
c) Unfair Labor Practice in collective bargaining
i.) Bargaining in bad faith
ii.) Refusal to bargain

VI.

GRIEVANCE MACHINERY AND VOLUNTARY ARBITRATION

VII.

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS (All cases cited in Azucena)


A. Right to peaceful concerted activities
1. Forms of concerted activities
2. Who may declare a strike or lockout?
3. Requisites for a valid strike
4. Requisites for a valid lockout
5. Requisites for lawful picketing
6. Assumption of jurisdiction by the DOLE Secretary or Certification of the
labor dispute to the NLRC for compulsory arbitration
7. Nature of assumption order or certification order
8. Effect of defiance of assumption or certification orders
9. Illegal strike
a) Liability of union officers
b) Liability of ordinary workers
c) Liability of employer
10.
Waiver of illegality of strike
11. Injunctions
a) Requisites for labor injunctions

b) Innocent bystander rule

VIII. TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT


Chua---Cua v. Clave, 189 SCRA 117
Santos v. NLRC, 287 SCRA 117
Lagatic v. NLRC, 285 SCRA 251
Dimabayao v NLRC, G.R. No. 122178, February 25, 1999
Philippine Aeolus Auto-Motive United Corporation v NLRC, G.R.
No. 124617, April 28, 2000
Flight Attendants And Stewards Association Of The Philippines
(FASAP) vs. Philippine Airlines (G.R. 178083, July 23, 2008 and
the subsequent one dated Oct. 02, 2009)
Armando G. Yrasuegui v. Philippine Airlines, G.R. No. 168081,
October 17, 2008
Valdez v NLRC, Feb. 9, 1998, 286 SCRA 87
Somerville Stainless Steel v NLRC, March 11, 1998
A. Employer-employee relationship
1. Four-fold test

Francisco vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 170087 August 31, 2006


Religious of the Virgin Mary vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 103606,
October 13, 1999
Viaa vs. Al-Lagadan and Piga, 99 Phil. 408 (1956)
SDDCI vs Gamo, et al., GR No. 171814, May 8, 2009

2. Kinds of employment
a. Probationary

b. Regular
c. Project employment
d. Seasonal
e. Casual
f. Fixed-term
3. Job contracting
a. Articles 106 to 109 of the Labor Code
b. Department Order No. 18-A
c. Department Circular No. 01-12
d. Effects of Labor-Only Contracting
e. Trilateral relationship in job contracting
B. Dismissal from employment (Guide Cases, follow Azucena)
1. Just Causes
2. Authorized Causes
3. Due Process
a) Twin-notice requirement
b) Hearing; meaning of opportunity to be heard
C. Reliefs for Illegal Dismissal (Guide Cases, follow Azucena)
1. Reinstatement
a. Pending appeal (Art. 223, Labor Code)
b. Separation pay in lieu of reinstatement
2. Backwages
a. Computation
b. Limited backwages
D. Preventive Suspension (Guide Cases, follow Azucena)
E. Constructive Dismissal (Guide Cases, follow Azucena)