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Permitted mode
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Normal mode
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Block modes

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Out of service (OOS)


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Initialization manual (IMAN)
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Block process alarms:


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Limit value process alarms


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Operating status

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Alarm detection and
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Block process alarms


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Block output values



7KHWUDQVGXFHUEORFNRXWSXWVRQHRUPRUHSURFHVVYDULDEOHV7KHQXPEHUGHSHQGV
XSRQWKHW\SHRIWUDQVPLWWHU)RULQVWDQFHD0LFURSLORWUDGDUOHYHOWUDQVPLWWHURXWSXWV
RQHOHYHOYDOXHRQO\ZKHUHDVD3URPDVVIORZPHWHURXWSXWVQLQHYDULDEOHVVHH
)LJV DQGUHVSHFWLYHO\(DFKRIWKHYDULDEOHVLVDVVLJQHGWRDFKDQQHOWKDWLVFDQ
EHFRQQHFWHGWRDVHSDUDWHDQDORJLQSXWEORFN

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

Selecting the operating


mode

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

7KHRSHUDWLQJPRGHLVVHWYLDWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS02'(B%/.7KHEORFNVXSSRUWVWKH
IROORZLQJRSHUDWLQJPRGHV$8720$1226
7KHEORFNVWDWXV226LVDOVRVKRZQYLDWKHSDUDPHWHU%/2&.B(55,QRSHUDWLQJPRGH
226LIZULWHSURWHFWLRQLVQRWHQDEOHGDQGWKHDFFHVVFRGHLVHQWHUHG\RXFDQDFFHVV
DOOWKHZULWHSDUDPHWHUVZLWKRXWUHVWULFWLRQ

Alarm detection and


processing

7KHWUDQVGXFHUEORFNGRHVQRWJHQHUDWHDQ\SURFHVVDODUPV7KHVWDWXVRIWKHSURFHVV
YDULDEOHVRIWKHWUDQVGXFHUEORFNLVHYDOXDWHGLQWKHVXEVHTXHQWDQDORJLQSXWIXQFWLRQ
EORFNV,IWKHDQDORJLQSXWIXQFWLRQEORFNUHFHLYHVQRLQSXWYDOXHWKDWFDQEHHYDOXDWHG
IURPWKHWUDQVGXFHUEORFNWKHQDSURFHVVDODUPLVJHQHUDWHGWKHUH7KLVSURFHVVDODUP
LVGLVSOD\HGLQWKHSDUDPHWHU%/2&.B(55RIWKHDQDORJLQSXWIXQFWLRQEORFN
%/2&.B(55 ,QSXW)DLOXUHSURFHVVYDULDEOHKDV%$'VWDWXV 
7KHSDUDPHWHU%/2&.B(55RIWKHWUDQVGXFHUEORFNGLVSOD\VWKHGHYLFHHUURUWKDW
SURGXFHGWKHLQSXWYDOXHWKDWFRXOGQRWEHHYDOXDWHGDQGWKXVWULJJHUHGWKHSURFHVV
DODUPLQWKHDQDORJLQSXWIXQFWLRQEORFN6LPLODUO\WKHDFWLYHGHYLFHHUURURIWKH
WUDQVGXFHUEORFNLVGLVSOD\HGLQWKHSDUDPHWHU7UDQVGXFHU(UURU0RUHLQIRUPDWLRQRQ
UHPHG\LQJHUURUVFDQEHIRXQGLQWKHGHYLFHRSHUDWLQJLQVWUXFWLRQV

Diagnosis

7KHVWDWXVRIWKHGHYLFHLVGLVSOD\HGYLDWKHIROORZLQJSDUDPHWHUVVSHFLILHGLQWKH
)281'$7,21)LHOGEXVVSHFLILFDWLRQ
%/2&.B(55
7UDQVGXFHU(UURU
'HWDLOHGLQIRUPDWLRQRQWKHFXUUHQWGHYLFHVWDWXVLVVKRZQLQWKHGHYLFHVSHFLILF
SDUDPHWHU'LDJQRVLV$FWXDO6\VWHP&RQGLWLRQ

Accessing the devicespecific parameters

7RDFFHVVWKHGHYLFHVSHFLILFSDUDPHWHUVWKHIROORZLQJUHTXLUHPHQWVPXVWEHPHW
+DUGZDUHZULWHSURWHFWLRQPXVWEHGLVDEOHG
7KHFRUUHFWFRGHPXVWEHHQWHUHGLQWKHSDUDPHWHU8Q/RFNLQJ$FFHVVFRGH

Methods

7KH)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXVVSHFLILFDWLRQSURYLGHVIRUWKHXVHRIVRFDOOHGPHWKRGVWR
VLPSOLI\WKHRSHUDWLRQRIWKHGHYLFH$PHWKRGLVDQLQWHUDFWLYHVHTXHQFHRIVWHSVWKDW
PXVWEHIROORZHGLQRUGHUWRREWDLQDSDUWLFXODUIXQFWLRQIURPWKHGHYLFH7KXVIRU
H[DPSOHWKHVWHSVIRUWKHEDVLFFDOLEUDWLRQRIDOHYHOGHYLFHUHVHWHPSW\FDOLEUDWLRQ
IXOOFDOLEUDWLRQPLJKWFRPSULVHDPHWKRGQDPHG%DVLFFDOLEUDWLRQ7KHXVHUFDQFDOO
XSWKLVPHWKRGWRFDOLEUDWHWKHGHYLFH+HQHHGGRQRWKLQJHOVHEXWVXSSO\WKH
LQIRUPDWLRQZKLFKWKHPHWKRGDVNVIRUDVLWSURJUHVVHVWKURXJKHDFKVWHS7KHVHWWLQJ
RIWKHEORFNPRGHUHDGLQJZULWLQJDQGFKHFNLQJRIWKHSDUDPHWHUVHWFDUH
DXWRPDWLFDOO\GRQHE\WKHSURJUDP
$PHWKRGLVSDUWRIWKHGHYLFHGHVFULSWLRQVXSSOLHGZLWKWKHGHYLFH,WLVLQWHQGHGWKDW
PHWKRGVZLOOEHSURYLGHGIRUDOO(QGUHVV+DXVHUGHYLFHV

Transducer block
parameters

$VFDQEHVHHQIURP)LJVDQGWKHSDUDPHWHUVZLWKLQWKHWUDQVGXFHUEORFN
GHSHQGXSRQWKHGHYLFHW\SHWKH\DUHGHVFULELQJ7KH)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV
VSHFLILFDWLRQGRHVLQFOXGHVRPHJHQHULFSDUDPHWHUVIRUWUDQVPLWWHURSHUDWLRQEXWWKH
PDMRULW\RIPDQXIDFWXUHUVSUHIHUWRGHILQHWKHLURZQZKLFKPXVWWKHQEHORDGHGLQWRWKH
V\VWHPZLWKWKHFRPPRQIRUPDWDQGGHYLFHGHVFULSWLRQILOHV
7KHWDEOHLQ&KDSWHUOLVWVWKRVHJHQHULFSDUDPHWHUVWKDWDUHXVHGE\
(QGUHVV+DXVHUGHYLFHV %ORFN 75 7KHGHYLFHVSHFLILFSDUDPHWHUVDUHWREHIRXQG
LQWKHDSSURSULDWHWUDQVPLWWHUPDQXDO

(QGUHVV+DXVHU



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV



$QDORJLQSXWEORFN

7KHDQDORJLQSXWEORFNFRQGLWLRQVWKHVLJQDORXWSXWE\WKHWUDQVGXFHUEORFNDQGRXWSXWV
DVLJQDOWRWKH3&6RURWKHURXWSXWEORFN
Input and output
parameters

CHANNEL

OUT

Signal processing

)LJXUHVKRZVWKHLQWHUQDOVWUXFWXUHRIWKHDQDORJLQSXWIXQFWLRQEORFN

Input value

7KHSURFHVVYDULDEOHRXWSXWE\WKHWUDQVGXFHUEORFNLVDVVLJQHGWRWKHDQDORJLQSXW
EORFNE\WKH&+$11(/SDUDPHWHU7KHQXPEHURIFKDQQHOVDYDLODEOHGHSHQGVXSRQ
WKHGHYLFHIRUH[DPSOHD0LFURSLORWKDVRQO\RQHFKDQQHODYDLODEOHD3URPDVVQLQH
2QO\RQHFKDQQHOFDQEHFRQQHFWHGWRWKHEORFN

Simulation

7KHSDUDPHWHUJURXS6,08/$7(FDQEHXVHGWRVSHFLI\WKHLQSXWYDOXH PHDVXUHG
YDOXHDQGVWDWXV 6LQFHWKHVLPXODWLRQYDOXHUXQVWKURXJKWKHHQWLUHIXQFWLRQEORFNDOO
WKHSDUDPHWHUVHWWLQJVRIWKHEORFNFDQEHFKHFNHG
6LPXODWLRQLVDOORZHGRQO\LIWKHMXPSHURQWKHGHYLFH,2ERDUGLVVHWWRHQDEOHLWVHH
&KDSWHU7KHVHWWLQJRIWKHMXPSHUFDQEHFKHFNHGLQWKHUHVRXUFHEORFNSDUDPHWHU
%/2&.B(5525
7RHQWHUDVLPXODWHGYDOXHSURFHHGDVIROORZV
6HWWKHRSHUDWLQJPRGHLQWKH02'(B%/.WR0$1
6SHFLI\WKHGHVLUHGRXWSXWYDOXHGLUHFWO\LQWKHSDUDPHWHU287



(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

Convert

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

7KHSDUDPHWHU/B7<3(DOORZVRQHRIWKHIROORZLQJOLQHDULVDWLRQW\SHVWREHVHOHFWHG
Direct

PV = Input value

Indirect

X
PV = --------- ( ) Z
100

Indirect square root

PV =

X
--------- ( ) Z
100

,IWKH/B7<3(LV8QLQLWLDOLVHGWKHWKHEORFNZLOOQRWVZLWFKWR$872
8QLWVDUHGHILQHGLQWKH81,7DWWULEXWHRIWKH;'B6&$/(7KHLQLWLDOVHWWLQJLVFRSLHG
IURPWKHWUDQVGXFHUEORFNEXWDVXEVHTXHQWFKDQJHWUDQVGXFHUEORFNXQLWVKDVQR
HIIHFWRQWKHEORFN),(/'B9$/LVWKHUDZYDOXHRIWKHILHOGGHYLFHLQSHUFHQWRIWKH39
UDQJHZLWKDVWDWXVUHIOHFWLQJWKHWUDQVGXFHUFRQGLWLRQEHIRUHVLJQDOFRQYHUVLRQ7KH
VFDOLQJDQGXQLWVRI287DUHVHWLQWKH287B6&$/(SDUDPHWHU
Cut-off and filter

7KHSDUDPHWHU/2:B&87LVXVHGWRVSHFLI\DYDOXHIRUWKHORZIORZFXWRIIRIIORZPHWHUV
DQGGLIIHUHQWLDOSUHVVXUHWUDQVPLWWHUV,WLVDFWLYDWHGYLDWKHSDUDPHWHU,2B2376,IWKH
FRQYHUWHGSULPDU\YDOXH 39 LVEHORZWKHOLPLWYDOXHHQWHUHGWKHQ39LVVHWWR]HUR7KH
SDUDPHWHU39B)7,0(VSHFLILHVDQLQWHJUDWLRQWLPHWRGDPSWKHFRQYHUWHGSULPDU\YDOXH
39 ,IDWLPHRIVHFRQGVLVVSHFLILHGWKHQWKHUHLVQRGDPSLQJRIWKHRXWSXWYDOXH

Output

7KHYDOXH39LVDOZD\VWDNHQDVWKH287YDOXHLQ$872PRGH,IWKH0$1RSHUDWLQJ
PRGHLVDOORZHGDYDOXHFDQEHZULWWHQLQWR2877KHYDOLGLW\RIWKHRXWSXWLVLQGLFDWHG
E\LWVVWDWXVDWWULEXWHZKLFKFDQDVVXPHWKHIROORZLQJVWDWHV
GOOD_NON_
CASCADE
UNCERTAIN
BAD

Alarms

+,B+,B/,0+,B/,0/2B/2B/,0DQG/2B/,0OLPLWYDOXHVFDQEHSODFHGRQWKHRXWSXW
YDOXH287VHH&KDSWHU

Mode

7KHRSHUDWLQJPRGHLVVHWYLDWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS02'(B%/.7KHDQDORJLQSXWEORFN
VXSSRUWVWKHIROORZLQJRSHUDWLQJPRGHV$8720$1226

(QGUHVV+DXVHU



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV



'LVFUHWHLQSXWEORFN

7KH',EORFNWDNHVWKHPDQXIDFWXUHUVGLVFUHWHLQSXWGDWDVHOHFWHGE\FKDQQHOQXPEHU
DQGPDNHVLWDYDLODEOHWRRWKHUIXQFWLRQEORFNVDWLWVRXWSXW
Input and output
parameters

CHANNEL

OUT_D

Signal processing

)LJXUHVKRZVWKHLQWHUQDOVWUXFWXUHRIWKHGLVFUHWHLQSXWIXQFWLRQEORFN

Input value

7KHGLVFUHWHYDOXHRXWSXWE\WKHWUDQVGXFHUEORFNLVDVVLJQHGWRWKHGLVFUHWHLQSXWEORFN
E\WKH&+$11(/SDUDPHWHU7KHQXPEHURIFKDQQHOVDYDLODEOHGHSHQGVXSRQWKH
GHYLFH2QO\RQHRXWSXWFDQEHFRQQHFWHGWRWKHEORFN

Simulation

7KHSDUDPHWHUJURXS6,08/$7(B'FDQEHXVHGWRVSHFLI\WKHLQSXWYDOXH GLVFUHWH
YDOXHDQGVWDWXV 6LQFHWKHVLPXODWLRQYDOXHUXQVWKURXJKWKHHQWLUHIXQFWLRQEORFNDOO
WKHSDUDPHWHUVHWWLQJVRIWKHEORFNFDQEHFKHFNHG
6LPXODWLRQLVDOORZHGRQO\LIWKHMXPSHURQWKHGHYLFH,2ERDUGLVVHWWRHQDEOHLWVHH
&KDSWHU7KHVHWWLQJRIWKHMXPSHUFDQEHFKHFNHGLQWKHUHVRXUFHEORFNSDUDPHWHU
%/2&.B(5525
7RHQWHUDVLPXODWHGYDOXHSURFHHGDVIROORZV
6HWWKHRSHUDWLQJPRGHLQWKH02'(B%/.WR0$1
6SHFLI\WKHGHVLUHGRXWSXWYDOXHGLUHFWO\LQWKHSDUDPHWHU287



(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

Optional invert

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

7KH,19(57,2RSWLRQLQWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS,2B2376SODFHVDERROHDQ127EHWZHHQ
WKHILHOGYDOXH),(/'B9$/B'DQGWKHRXWSXW287B'ZKHQWUXH
False
True

),(/'B9$/B'XVHVWKH;'B67$7(YDOXHWRLQGLFDWHWKHWUXHVWDWHRQRIIVWDWHRIWKH
FRQQHFWHGKDUGZDUH
Filter

39B)7,0(FDQEHXVHGWRVSHFLI\WKHWLPHWKHKDUGZDUHPXVWEHLQDSDUWLFXODUVWDWH
EHIRUHIRUWKHORJLFDOVWDWHLVSDVVHGRQWR39B'

Output

:KHQWKHEORFNLVRSHUDWLQJLQ$872PRGH39B'LVWKHYDOXHWKDWLVSODFHGLQ287B'
,IPDQXDORSHUDWLRQLVDOORZHG 0$1 LWLVSRVVLEOHWRZULWHDYDOXHLQWR287B'39B'
DQG287B'DOZD\VKDYHLGHQWLFDOVFDOLQJSURYLGHGE\287B67$7(
7KHVWDWXVRIWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS287LQGLFDWHVWKHYDOLGLW\RIWKHRXWSXWYDOXH287
7KHIROORZLQJVWDWXVYDOXHVFDQEHGLVSOD\HG
GOOD_NON_
CASCADE
UNCERTAIN
BAD

Alarms

7KHVWDWHRIWKHGLVFUHWHLQSXWZKLFKJHQHUDWHVDQDODUPLVVHWLQ',6&B/,07KHDODUP
LVRXWSXWDWDSULRULW\GHWHUPLQHGE\',6&B35,DQGFDQEHYLHZHGDQGDFNQRZOHGJHG
LQ',6&B$/0

Mode

7KHRSHUDWLQJPRGHLVVHWYLDWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS02'(B%/.7KHDQDORJLQSXWEORFN
VXSSRUWVWKHIROORZLQJRSHUDWLQJPRGHV$8720$1226

(QGUHVV+DXVHU



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV



6LJQDOFKDUDFWHUL]HUEORFN

7KHVLJQDOFKDUDFWHUL]HUEORFNFRPSULVHVWZRVHFWLRQVHDFKZLWKDQRXWSXWWKDWLVD
IXQFWLRQRIWKHUHVSHFWLYHLQSXW%RWKVHFWLRQVXVHDVLQJOHORRNXSWDEOHZLWKDUELWDU\
[\SRLQWVWRGHWHUPLQHWKHUHODWLRQVKLSEHWZHHQWKHLQSXWDQGWKHRXWSXWYDOXHV7KH
VWDWXVRIDQLQSXWLVFRSLHGWRWKHFRUUHVSRQGLQJRXWSXWVRWKDWWKHEORFNFDQEHXVHG
LQWKHFRQWURORUSURFHVVVLJQDOSDWK7KHVHFRQGVHFWLRQDOORZVDQRSWLRQDOVZDSSLQJ
RIWKH[DQG\D[HVDOORZLQJLWVXVHLQDEDFNZDUGFRQWUROSDWK
Input and output
parameters

IN_1
IN_2
OUT_1
OUT_2

Signal processing

)LJXUHVKRZVWKHLQWHUQDOVWUXFWXUHRIWKHVLJQDOFKDUDFWHUL]HUEORFN

Input value

,QVWDQGDUGRSHUDWLQJPRGH,1BDQG,1BFRPSULVHDYDOXHDQGVWDWXVIURPDQ
XSVWUHDPIXQFWLRQEORFN,I6:$3BLVWUXH,1BLVFRQQHFWHGWRDQXSVWUHDPEORFNDQG
,1BZLOOEHFRQQHFWHGWRDGRZQVWUHDPEORFN

Characterisation

7KHEORFNFDOFXODWHV287BIURP,1BDQG287BIURP,1BXVLQJWKHVDPHORRNXS
WDEOH7KHUHLVQRFRQQHFWLRQKRZHYHUEHWZHHQ,1B287BDQG,1B287B7KH
FXUYHXVHGLVGHILQHGE\XSWRSRLQWV
>[ \ @>[ \ @>[ \ @LQWKHWDEOH>&859(B;&859(B<@
ZKHUH[FRUUHVSRQGVWRWKHLQSXWDQG\FRUUHVSRQGVWRWKHRXWSXW7KH[FRRUGLQDWHV
DUHHQWHUHGLQWKHXQLWVRI;B5$1*(DQGWKH\FRRUGLQDWHVLQWKHXQLWVRI<B5$1*(
7KHRXWSXWYDOXHLVFDOFXODWHGE\OLQHDULQWHUSRODWLRQEHWZHHQWKHWZRWDEOHYDOXHV
EUDFNHWLQJWKHLQSXWYDOXH)RUWKLVUHDVRQWKHYDOXHVRI[PXVWULVHPRQRWRQLFDOO\,IWKLV
LVQRWWKHFDVHDFRQILJXUDWLRQHUURULVVHWLQ%/2&.B(55DQGWKHEORFNVZLWFKHVWR
226PRGH,WLVSRVVLEOHWKDWZULWHFKHFNVDUHLPSOHPHQWHGHJWRHQVXUHWKDWHQWU\RI
[YDOXHVLQDVFHQGLQJRUGHU



(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

,IWKHORRNXSWDEOHKDVPSRLQWVZKHUHPLVOHVVWKDQDOOQRQFRQILJXUHGSRLQWV
\
@>[
\
@HWFZLOOEHVHWWR,1),1,7<WRPDUNWKHPDVXQXVHG6LQFH
>[
[ LVWKHVPDOOHVWYDOXHIRUWKHLQSXWDQG[ WKHODUJHVWYDOXHWKHRXWSXWLVVHWWR\ ZKHQ
WKHLQSXWYDOXHLVVPDOOHUWKDQ[ DQGWR\ ZKHQWKHLQSXWYDOXHLVODUJHUWKDQ[ :KHQ
WKHLQSXWYDOXHLVRXWRIWKHOLPLWVVHWE\[ DQG[ WKH287VWDWXVLQGLFDWHVWKH
FRQGLWLRQ
SWAP_2 = true

,IWKHSDUDPHWHU6:$3BLVWUXHWKHQWKH[DQG\D[HVRIWKHORRNXSWDEOHDUHVZDSSHG
RQWKH,1BWR287BVHFWLRQ7KLVPHDQVWKDW,1BPXVWEHFRQQHFWHGWRD
GRZQVWUHDPEORFNDQG287BWRDQXSVWUHDPEORFNEXLOGLQJDEDFNZDUGFRQWUROSDWK
,1BPXVWEHLQWKHXQLWVRI<B5$1*(DQG287BLQWKHXQLWVRI;B5$1*(
,QWKLVFDVHWKH\YDOXHVPXVWDOVREHPRQRWRQLFLHWKH\YDOXHVPXVWDOZD\VLQFUHDVH
RUDOZD\VGHFUHDVHZKHQWKH[YDOXHVLQFUHDVH,IWKLVLVQRWWKHFDVHDFRQILJXUDWLRQ
HUURULVVHWLQ%/2&.B(55DQGWKHEORFNVZLWFKHVWR226PRGH

Output

7KHRXWSXWYDOXHV287BDQG287BDUHRXWSXWZLWKWKHVWDWXVRIWKHFRUUHVSRQGLQJ,1
YDOXHVRUZLWKDVWDWXVJHQHUDWHGE\WKHEORFN
GOOD_NON_
CASCADE
GOOD_CASCADE
UNCERTAIN
BAD

Mode

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

7KHRSHUDWLQJPRGHLVVHWYLDWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS02'(B%/.7KHDQDORJLQSXWEORFN
VXSSRUWVWKHIROORZLQJRSHUDWLQJPRGHV$872226DQGRSWLRQDOO\0$1



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

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,QWHJUDWRUEORFN

7KHLQWHJUDWRUIXQFWLRQEORFNLQWHJUDWHVDQDQDORJYDOXHRYHUWLPH,WFDQDOVR
DFFXPXODWHSXOVHVRULJLQDWLQJIURPSXOVHLQSXWEORFNVRURWKHULQWHJUDWRUEORFNV7KH
EORFNLVQRUPDOO\XVHGWRWRWDOLVHIORZJLYLQJWRWDOPDVVRUYROXPHRYHUDFHUWDLQWLPHRU
WRWRWDOLVHSRZHUJLYLQJWKHWRWDOHQHUJ\
Input and output
parameters

REV_FLOW1
IN_1
REV_FLOW2
IN_2
RESET_IN
OUT
OUT_PTRIP
OUT_TRIP

Signal processing



)LJXUHVKRZVWKHLQWHUQDOVWUXFWXUHRIWKHLQWHJUDWRUIXQFWLRQEORFN

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

Input values

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

7KHEORFNKDVWZRGXDOSXUSRVHLQSXWV,1BDQG,1BWKDWPD\UHFHLYHDPHDVXUHPHQW
SHUXQLWWLPH UDWH RUDQDFFXPXODWHGQXPEHURISXOVHV DFFXPXODWLRQ ,I,1BLVQRW
FRQQHFWHGWKHFDOFXODWLRQVIRU,1BPD\EHRPLWWHG7KHLQSXWW\SHLVFRQILJXUHGLQWKH
,QSXW7\SHELWRIWKH,17(*B2376SDUDPHWHUIDOVH UDWHWUXH DFFXP XODWLRQ 
Rate

Accum

Input type: rate

:KHQWKHLQSXWVDUHFRQQHFWHGWRUDWHRXWSXWVHDFKLQSXWUHTXLUHVDSDUDPHWHU
7,0(B81,7RU7,0(B81,7 WRGHILQHWKHUDWHWLPHXQLW7KLVDOORZVWKHUDWHWREH
FRQYHUWHGWRXQLWVRIPDVVYROXPHRUHQHUJ\SHUVHFRQG:KHQWKHVHFRQGLQSXWLVLQ
XVHLWPD\EHQHFHVVDU\WRFRQYHUWLWLQWRWKHVDPHXQLWVDVWKHILUVW7KLVLVGRQHE\WKH
FRQYHUVLRQSDUDPHWHU81,7B&219
(DFKUDWHPXOWLSOLHGE\WKHEORFNH[HFXWLRQWLPHJLYHVWKHPDVVYROXPHRUHQHUJ\
LQFUHPHQWSHUEORFNH[HFXWLRQ7KLVLVDGGHGRUVXEWUDFWHGLQDUHJLVWHUDFFRUGLQJWR
WKHUXOHVVKRZQLQ)LJ

Input type: accum

$QLQSXWIURPWKH287B$&&80SDUDPHWHURIDQSXOVHLQSXWEORFNUHSUHVHQWVD
FRQWLQXRXVDFFXPXODWLRQRISXOVHVIURPHJDIORZWUDQVPLWWHUZKHUHDVDQLQSXWIURP
WKH287RXWSXWRIDQLQWHJUDWRUUHSUHVHQWVDQLQWHJUDWLRQRUDFFXPXODWLRQRIDQDORJ
LQSXWV,WLVWKHMRERIWKHLQWHJUDWRUWRGHWHUPLQHWKHQXPEHURIDGGLWLRQDOFRXQWVVLQFH
WKHODVWH[HFXWLRQRIWKHEORFN
6LQFHWKH287B$&&80SDUDPHWHURIWKHSXOVHLQSXWEORFNZUDSVXSZKHQWKHFRXQWLQJ
UHDFKHVDQGGRHVQRWLQFUHPHQWRUGHFUHPHQWE\PRUHWKDQSHUF\FOH
WKHGLIIHUHQFHLQFRXQWVLVGHWHUPLQHGDVIROORZV
 ,IWKHGLIIHUHQFHEHWZHHQWKHUHDGLQJVRIWZRVXFFHVVLYHF\FOHVLVOHVVWKDQ
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 ,IWKHGLIIHUHQFHEHWZHHQWKHUHDGLQJVRIWZRVXFFHVVLYHF\FOHVLVJUHDWHUWKDQRU
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 ,IWKHGLIIHUHQFHEHWZHHQWKHUHDGLQJVRIWZRVXFFHVVLYHF\FOHVLVPRUHQHJDWLYH
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EHSURJUDPPHGWRREH\WKHDERYHUXOHV

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SXOVHDVJLYHQE\WKHSDUDPHWHUV38/6B9$/DQG38/6(B9$/UHVSHFWLYHO\7KHUHVXOW
LVWKHLQFUHPHQWLQHQJLQHHULQJXQLWVRIHJPDVVYROXPHRUHQHUJ\SHUEORFNH[HFXWLRQ
VHH)LJ

Net flow

7KHLQWHJUDWRUFRQVLGHUVDSRVLWLYHVLJQWREHDQLQGLFDWLRQRIIRUZDUGIORZDQGQHJDWLYH
VLJQWREHDQLQGLFDWLRQRIUHYHUVHIORZ6RPHIORZPHWHUVDOUHDG\LQGLFDWHWKHIRUZDUG
DQGUHYHUVHIORZVE\DGGLQJDVLJQWRWKHLURXWSXWRWKHUVXVHDVHSDUDWHELQDU\RXWSXW
$ELQDU\VLJQDOFDQEHFRQQHFWHGWRWKHLQSXWV5(9B)/2:DQG5(9B)/2:ZKHUHE\
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Total
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Input and output
parameters

IN_n
DISABLE_n
OUT
SELECTED

Signal processing

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Input value

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Maximum

Middle

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Mode

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Input and output
parameters

IN
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Signal processing

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Range extension
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Auxiliary inputs

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Function types

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linear.

Flow
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Flow
compensation,
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Traditional
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Average

Traditional
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Fourth order
polynomial

Simple HTG
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Status

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7KHEORFNFRPSDUHVDSULPDU\LQSXWYDOXH39WRDWDUJHWLQSXWYDOXHWKHVRFDOOHG
VHWSRLQWYDOXH637KHGLIIHUHQFHEHWZHHQ39DQG63WKHVRFDOOHGHUURURUFRQWURO
GHYLDWLRQLVLQWHJUDWHGDVORQJDVLWH[LVWV$VDUHVXOWWKHRXWSXWPRYHVLQDGLUHFWLRQ
WRFRUUHFWWKHHUURU
7KHFRQILJXUDWLRQRIWKH3,'EORFNGHSHQGVRQWKHDXWRPDWLRQWDVN7KHIROORZLQJFDQ
EHUHDOL]HGEDVLFFRQWUROVIHHGIRUZDUGFRQWUROUHMHFWLRQFDVFDGHFRQWUROFDVFDGH
FRQWUROZLWKOLPLWLQJ7KHSRVVLELOLWLHVIRUSURFHVVLQJPHDVXUHGYDOXHVZLWKLQWKH3,'
IXQFWLRQEORFNLQFOXGHVLJQDOVFDOLQJDQGOLPLWLQJRSHUDWLQJPRGHFRQWURODFWXDWLQJ
OLPLWLQJFRQWUROOLPLWGHWHFWLRQVLJQDOVWDWXVSURSDJDWLRQ
Input and output
parameters

IN
BKCAL_IN
CAS_IN
RCAS_IN
ROUT_IN
TRK_IN_D
TRK_VAL
FF_VAL
BKCAL_OUT

OUT
RCAS_OUT
ROUT_OUT



(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

Signal processing

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

)LJVKRZVWKHLQWHUQDOVWUXFWXUHRIWKH3,'IXQFWLRQEORFN

FF_VAL

PID Block

Feed forward
calculation

Setpoint from supervisory host system


RCAS_IN

SP

TRK_IN_D

IN

Input values

SP_HI_LIM
SP_LO_LIM
SP_RATE_DN
SP_RATE_UP

Output from supervisory host system


ROUT_IN
ROUT_OUT

Bypass
PID
Equation

GAIN
RATE
RESET

Calculated
actuating
variable

Output
limiting

BCAL_OUT

OUT

OUT_HI_LIM
OUT_LO_LIM
OUT_SCALE

MODE

Scaling and
filtering

PV_SCALE
PV_FILTER

TRK_VAL

RCAS_OUT

Setpoint
limiting

CAS_IN

BKCAL_IN

FF_GAIN
FF_SCALE

Alarm
detection

PV

TRK_SCALE
OUT_SCALE

HI_HI_LIM / HI_LIM
LO_LO_LIM / LO_LIM
DV_HI_LIM / DV_LO_LIM

Converter

7KHSURFHVVYDOXHWREHFRQWUROOHGLVFRQQHFWHGWRWKH,1LQSXW7KLVYDOXHLVSDVVHG
WKURXJKDILOWHUZLWKDWLPHFRQVWDQW39B)7,0(WRSURGXFHWKHYDOXH397KH39LVXVHG
LQFRQMXQFWLRQZLWKWKHVHWSRLQW 63 LQWKH3,'DOJRULWKP$3,'ZLOOQRWLQWHJUDWHLIWKH
OLPLWVWDWXVRI,1LVFRQVWDQW7KH39KDVDVWDWXVZKLFKLVDFRS\RIWKH,1VWDWXVXQOHVV
,1LVJRRGEXWWKHUHLVDSURFHVVRUEORFNDODUP
6KRXOGWKHVWDWXVRIWKH%.&$/B,1SDUDPHWHULQGLFDWHWKDWWKHUHLVQRSDWKWRWKHILQDO
HOHPHQWWKHEORFNZLOODVVXPH,0$1PRGHDQGWKHEORFNZLOOEHLQLWLDOLVHG

Setpoint selection

'HSHQGLQJXSRQRSHUDWLQJPRGHWKHWDUJHWVHWSRLQWDQGVWDWXVLVSURYLGHGE\63
&$6B,1RU5&$6B,1
AUTO
CAS
RCAS

Setpoint limiting

:KHQWKHEORFNLVRSHUDWLQJLQ$872PRGHWKHSDUDPHWHU63B5$7(B'1GHWHUPLQHV
WKHUDPSUDWHDWZKLFKGRZQZDUGVHWSRLQWFKDQJHVDUHDFWHGXSRQ63B5$7(B83GRHV
WKHVDPHIRUXSZDUGVHWSRLQWFKDQJHV7KHUDWHLVVHWLQ39XQLWVSHUVHFRQG,IWKH
UDPSUDWHLVVHWWR]HURWKHQWKHVHWSRLQWZLOOEHXVHGLPPHGLDWHO\63B+,B/,0DQG
63B/2B/,0GHWHUPLQHWKHYDOLGUDQJHRIVHWSRLQWRSHUDWRUHQWULHVWKDWFDQEHXVHGZLWK
WKHEORFN7KH\RQO\DSSO\LQ$872XQOHVVWKH2EH\63OLPLWVLI&$6RU5&$6ELWLVVHW
LQ&21752/B2376
5&$6B287LVWKHEORFNVHWSRLQWDQGVWDWXVDIWHUUDPSLQJ 63 ZKLFKLVRXWSXWWRD
VXSHUYLVRU\KRVWIRUEDFNFDOFXODWLRQDQGWRDOORZDFWLRQWREHWDNHQXQGHUOLPLWLQJ
FRQGLWLRQVRUPRGHFKDQJH

(QGUHVV+DXVHU



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

PID equation

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

7KH3,'FRQWUROOHUFDQEHXVHGIRUYDULRXVDXWRPDWLRQVWUDWHJLHV7KHIXQFWLRQEORFNKDV
DIOH[LEOHFRQWURODOJRULWKPWKDWFDQEHFRQILJXUHGGLIIHUHQWO\GHSHQGLQJRQWKH
DSSOLFDWLRQ

1
H
y = GAIN e + ------------------ e W + RATE ------ + F
RESET
W

ZKHUHE\
\
*$,1
5(6(7
5$7(
H
)

$FWXDWLQJ RUPDQLSXODWHG YDULDEOHFDOFXODWHGIURPWKH3,'DOJRULWKP


3URSRUWLRQDOJDLQIDFWRU 3WHUP
7LPHFRQVWDQWIRUWKHLQWHJUDODFWLRQLQVHFRQGV ,WHUP
7LPHFRQVWDQWIRUWKHGHULYDWLYHDFWLRQLQVHFRQGV 'WHUP
&RQWUROGHYLDWLRQRUHUURU H VHWSRLQWYDOXH39
'LVWXUEDQFHYDULDEOH ) ))B9$/))B*$,1

7KH3,'HTXDWLRQKDVDSURSRUWLRQDOWHUPDQLQWHJUDOWHUPDQGDGHULYDWLYHWHUP7KH
RXWSXW PDQLSXODWHGYDULDEOH ZLOOFKDQJHLQUHVSRQVHWRDFKDQJHLQPHDVXUHPHQW 39 
RUVHWSRLQW7KHLQGLYLGXDO3,'DFWLRQVIXQFWLRQDVIROORZV
GAIN

RESET

RATE

Feedback

,IWKH&21752/B2376ELW'LUHFW$FWLQJLVWUXHWKHRXWSXWZLOOLQFUHDVHZKHQWKH39
H[FHHGVWKH63,IWKHELWLVIDOVHWKHRXWSXWZLOOGHFUHDVHZKHQWKH39H[FHHGVWKH63
7KHELWFRQWUROVZKHWKHUSRVLWLYHRUQHJDWLYHIHHGEDFNLVDSSOLHGVRWKDWLWPXVWEHVHW
SURSHUO\DQGQHYHUFKDQJHGZKLOHLQDQDXWRPDWLFPRGH7KHVHWWLQJRIWKHRSWLRQLV
DOVRXVHGLQFDOFXODWLQJWKHOLPLWVWDWHIRU%.&$/B287

Bypass

$VZLWFKIRU%<3$66LVDYDLODEOHWRWKHRSHUDWRULIWKH&21752/B2376ELW%\SDVV
(QDEOHLVWUXH%\SDVVLVXVHGLQVHFRQGDU\FDVFDGHFRQWUROOHUVWKDWKDYHDEDG39
%<3$66FDQRQO\EHFKDQJHGZKHQWKHEORFNPRGHLV0$1RU226:KLOHLWLVVHWWKH
YDOXHRI63LQSHUFHQWRIUDQJHLVSDVVHGGLUHFWO\WRWKHWDUJHWRXWSXWDQGWKHYDOXHRI
287LVXVHGIRU%.&$/B287:KHQWKHPRGHLVFKDQJHGWR&$6WKHXSVWUHDPEORFN
LVUHTXHVWHGWRLQLWLDOL]HWRWKHYDOXHRI287:KHQDEORFNLVLQ&$6PRGHWKHQRQWKH
WUDQVLWLRQRXWRIE\SDVVWKHXSVWUHDPEORFNLVUHTXHVWHGWRLQLWLDOL]HWRWKH39YDOXH
UHJDUGOHVVRIWKH8VH39IRU%.&$/B287RSWLRQ



(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

Feed forward

7KHEORFNVXSSRUWVWKHIHHGIRUZDUGDOJRULWKP7KH))B9$/LQSXWEULQJVLQDQH[WHUQDO
YDOXHZKLFKLVSURSRUWLRQDOWRVRPHGLVWXUEDQFHLQWKHFRQWUROORRS7KHYDOXHLV
FRQYHUWHGWRSHUFHQWRIRXWSXWVSDQXVLQJWKHYDOXHVRISDUDPHWHU))B6&$/(7KLV
YDOXHLVPXOWLSOLHGE\WKH))B*$,1DQGDGGHGWRWKHWDUJHWRXWSXWRIWKH3,'DOJRULWKP
WKLVLVWKHWHUP)LQWKH3,'HTXDWLRQ ,IWKHVWDWXVRI))B9$/LV%$'WKHODVWXVDEOH
YDOXHZLOOEHXVHGEHFDXVHWKLVSUHYHQWVEXPSLQJWKHRXWSXW:KHQWKHVWDWXVUHWXUQV
WRJRRGWKHEORFNZLOODGMXVWLWVLQWHJUDOWHUPWRPDLQWDLQWKHSUHYLRXVRXWSXW

Output

:KHQWKHEORFNLVLQDQDXWRPDWLFPRGH $872&$6RU5&$6 WKHDFWXDWLQJYDULDEOH


EHFRPHVWKHRXWSXWDIWHUEHLQJEHLQJVFDOHGDQGOLPLWHG7KH287B6&$/(SDUDPHWHU
GHWHUPLQHVWKHVFDOLQJ287B+,B/,0DQG287B/2:B/,0GHWHUPLQHWKHPD[LPXPDQG
PLQLPXPYDOXHRI287WKDWPD\EHRXWSXW7KH287SDUDPHWHULVDOVRPDGHDYDLODEOH
WRDKRVWV\VWHPDV5287287
,IWKHEORFNLVLQ5287PRGHQWKH3,'DOJRULWKPLVQRWXVHGDQGWKHRXWSXWLVIHG
GLUHFWO\IURPDVXSHUYLVRU\KRVWV\VWHPYLDWKHSDUDPHWHU5287B,1
,IWKHEORFNLVLQ0$1PRGHWKH287YDOXHPD\EHVHWE\KDQG,WPD\DOVREHUHSODFHG
E\DQH[WHUQDOWUDFNLQJYDOXHDVLQ2XWSXWWUDFNLQJ,QRUGHUWRSUHYHQWEXPSVRQ
FKDQJHIURPRQHPRGHWRDQRWKHUWKH287YDOXHLVEDODQFHGZKHUHE\WKHWUDQVLWLRQ
IURPWKHROGWRWKHQHZYDOXHLVPDGHLQ%$/B7,0(VHFRQGV
7KH%.&$/B287YDOXHLVQRUPDOO\WKH39YDOXHDIWHUOLPLWLQJ

Output track

7KHRXWSXWVXSSRUWVWKHWUDFNDOJRULWKPZKLFKDOORZVWKHRXWSXWWREHIRUFHGWRDYDOXH
RQFRPPDQGE\DGLVFUHWHYDOXH7KHDFWXDOPRGHWKHQJRHVWR/27KH75.B9$/LQSXW
EULQJVLQDQH[WHUQDOWUDFNYDOXHRULVDFRQVWDQW7KHYDOXHLVFRQYHUWHGWRSHUFHQWRI
RXWSXWVSDQXVLQJWKHSDUDPHWHUYDOXHVRI75.B6&$/(,IWKH&21752/B2376ELW
7UDFN(QDEOHLVWUXHDQG75.B,1B'LVWUXHWKHRXWSXWZLOOEHUHSODFHGE\WKHFRQYHUWHG
75.B9$/SURYLGHGWKHEORFNLVLQ5287PRGH,IWKLVLVWRKDSSHQLQWKH0$1PRGH
WKH&21752/B2376ELW7UDFNLQ0DQXDOPXVWDOVREHWUXH7KHWUDFNUHTXHVWZLOOEH
LJQRUHGLIWKHFXUUHQWPRGHLV226
,IWKHRXWSXWLVUHSODFHGLWVVWDWXVOLPLWVDUHVHWWR&RQVWDQW7KHVWDWXVRI5287B287
JRHVWR1RW,QYLWHGLIQRWDOUHDG\WKHUH,IWKHVWDWXVRI75.B,1B'LV%DGLWVODVWXVDEOH
YDOXHZLOOEHPDLQWDLQHGDQGDFWHGXSRQ,IWKHGHYLFHUHVWDUWVORVLQJWKHODVWXVDEOH
YDOXHWKHVWDWXVZLOOEHVHWWRIDOVH,IWKHVWDWXVRI75.B9$/LV%DGWKHODVWXVDEOHYDOXH
ZLOOEHXVHG,IWKHUHLVQRODVWXVDEOHYDOXHWKHSUHVHQWYDOXHRIWKHRXWSXWZLOOEHXVHG

Mode

7KHRSHUDWLQJPRGHLVVHWYLDWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS02'(B%/.7KH3,')XQFWLRQ%ORFN
VXSSRUWVWKHIROORZLQJRSHUDWLQJPRGHV$8720$1/2226&$65&$65287
7KHEORFNVWDWXV226LVDOVRVKRZQYLDWKHSDUDPHWHU%/2&.B(55,IWKHZULWH
SURWHFWLRQLVQRWHQDEOHG\RXFDQDFFHVVDOOWKHZULWHSDUDPHWHUVZLWKRXWUHVWULFWLRQLQ
RSHUDWLQJPRGH226

Limit Values

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

7KHOLPLWYDOXHVDUHEDVHGRQWKHYDOXHRIWKHSURFHVVYDULDEOH39,IWKHSURFHVV
YDULDEOH39H[FHHGVRUGRHVQRWUHDFKWKHGHILQHGOLPLWYDOXHVWKHQDQDODUPLVVHQWWR
WKHILHOGEXVKRVWV\VWHPYLDWKHOLPLWYDOXHSURFHVVDODUPV,QDGGLWLRQOLPLWVDUHSODFHG
RQWKHFRQWUROGHYLDWLRQ HUURUH 7KHIROORZLQJOLPLWYDOXHVFDQEHGHILQHG+,B+,B/,0
+,B/,0/2B/2B/,0/2B/,0'9B+,B$/0'9B/2B$/0



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

 $QDORJRXWSXWEORFN
7KHDQDORJRXWSXWEORFNSURFHVVHVDVHWSRLQWYDOXHUHFHLYHGIURPDQXSVWUHDPIXQFWLRQ
EORFNRUKLJKHUOHYHOSURFHVVFRQWUROV\VWHPZLWKZKLFKYDULRXVLQVWUXPHQWIXQFWLRQV
FDQEHLQLWLDWHGLQWKHGRZQVWUHDPWUDQVGXFHUEORFN
Input and output
parameters

CAS_IN
RCAS_IN
BKCAL_OUT

OUT
RCAS_OUT
Transducer
CHANNEL
Transducer
READBACK

Signal processing



7KH)LJXUHVKRZVWKHLQWHUQDOVWUXFWXUHRIWKHDQDORJRXWSXWEORFN

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

Input value

7KHEORFNLVQRUPDOO\RSHUDWHGLQWKH&$6PRGHWKH&$6B,1VLJQDOEHLQJOLQNHGWRWKH
&$6B287RXWSXWRIDQXSVWUHDPIXQFWLRQEORFN

Setpoint selection

'HSHQGLQJXSRQRSHUDWLQJPRGHWKHGLVFUHWHVHWSRLQWDQGVWDWXVLVSURYLGHGE\63
&$6B,1RU5&$6B,1
AUTO
CAS
RCAS

Setpoint limiting

:KHQWKHEORFNLVRSHUDWLQJLQ$872PRGHWKHSDUDPHWHU63B5$7(B'1GHWHUPLQHV
WKHUDPSUDWHDWZKLFKGRZQZDUGVHWSRLQWFKDQJHVDUHDFWHGXSRQ63B5$7(B83GRHV
WKHVDPHIRUXSZDUGVHWSRLQWFKDQJHV7KHUDWHLVVHWLQ39XQLWVSHUVHFRQG,IWKH
UDPSUDWHLVVHWWR]HURWKHQWKHVHWSRLQWZLOOEHXVHGLPPHGLDWHO\
63B+,B/,0DQG63B/2B/,0GHWHUPLQHWKHYDOLGUDQJHRIVHWSRLQWRSHUDWRUHQWULHVWKDW
FDQEHXVHGZLWKWKHEORFN7KH\RQO\DSSO\LQ$872XQOHVVWKH2EH\63OLPLWVLI&$6
RU5&$6ELWLVVHWLQ&21752/B2376
5&$6B287LVWKHEORFNVHWSRLQWDQGVWDWXVDIWHUUDPSLQJ 63 ZKLFKLVRXWSXWWRD
VXSHUYLVRU\KRVWIRUEDFNFDOFXODWLRQDQGWRDOORZDFWLRQWREHWDNHQXQGHUOLPLWLQJ
FRQGLWLRQVRUPRGHFKDQJH
7KHFXUUHQWVHWSRLQWYDOXHDQGVWDWXVLVFRPPXQLFDWHGWRDQXSVWUHDPEORFNE\WKH
%.&$/B287SDUDPHWHU,IWKHRSWLRQ8VH39IRU%.&$/B287LQWKH,22376
SDUDPHWHULVWUXHWKHQWKH39ZLOOEHWUDQVPLWWHGLQVWHDGRI63

Out convert

7KH39B6&$/(UDQJHLVXVHGWRFRQYHUWWKHVHWSRLQW63WRSHUFHQWRIVSDQ7KH
;'B6&$/(UDQJHLVXVHGWRFRQYHUWSHUFHQWRIVSDQWRWKHQXPEHUXVHGE\WKH
KDUGZDUH
7HPS  63(8#  (8#(8# >39B6&$/(@
287 7HPS  (8#(8# (8#>;'B6&$/(@
ZKHUH(8# H[SUHVVHGLQHQJLQHHULQJXQLWVHWF
7KLVDOORZVSRUWLRQVRIWKH63VSDQWRFDXVHIXOOVSDQPRYHPHQWRIWKHRXWSXW7KH
,QFUHDVHWRFORVHRSWLRQLQ,2B2376FDQEHXVHGWRLQYHUWWKHVSDQ

Output

:KHQWKHEORFNLVRSHUDWLQJLQ&$65&$6RU$872PRGHWKHYDOXHREWDLQHGDIWHU
FRQYHUVLRQLIDSSURSULDWHDIWHULQYHUVLRQLVWKHYDOXHWKDWLVSODFHGLQ2877KHVWDWXV
RIWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS287LQGLFDWHVWKHYDOLGLW\RIWKHRXWSXWYDOXH2877KHIROORZLQJ
VWDWXVYDOXHVFDQEHGLVSOD\HG
GOOD_CASCADE
BAD

(QGUHVV+DXVHU



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

Safety default

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

7KHUHLVDVDIHW\GHIDXOWDYDLODEOH IDXOWVWDWH IRUWKHDQDORJRXWSXWEORFN7KLVLV


DFWLYDWHGZKHQDIDXOWFRQGLWLRQ RIWKHFRUUHVSRQGLQJYDOLGVHWSRLQWYDOXH H[LVWV
ORQJHUWKDQGHILQHGLQWKHSDUDPHWHU)67$7(B7,0(RUZKHQWKHSDUDPHWHU
6(7B)67$7(LQWKHUHVRXUFHEORFNLVDFWLYDWHG7KHVDIHW\RSHUDWLRQLVGHWHUPLQHGYLD
WKHSDUDPHWHUV)67$7(B7,0()67$7(B9$/DQG,2B2376
,IWKHRSWLRQ)$8/767$7(729$/8(LQWKHSDUDPHWHU,2B2376ZDVVHOHFWHGWKH
YDOXHRIWKHSDUDPHWHU)6$7(B9$/ IDXOWUHSODFHPHQWYDOXH ZLOOEHXVHG
,IWKHRSWLRQ)$8/767$7(729$/8(LQWKHSDUDPHWHU,2B2376ZDVQRWVHOHFWHG
WKHYDOXHRIWKHSDUDPHWHU5&$6B,1ZLOOFRQWLQXHWREHXVHG

Simulation

7KHDQDORJRXWSXWEORFNDVVLJQVWKH287YDOXHWRDFRQQHFWHGWUDQVGXFHUEORFNE\
PHDQVRIWKH&+$11(/SDUDPHWHU,IPDQXDORSHUDWLRQLVDOORZHG 0$1 LWLVDOVR
SRVVLEOHWRZULWHDYDOXHLQWR287
7KHSDUDPHWHUJURXS6,08/$7(FDQEHXVHGWRVSHFLI\WKHRXWSXWYDOXH DQDORJ
YDOXHDQGVWDWXV 
,IVLPXODWLRQLVEORFNHGE\WKHMXPSHURQWKH,2ERDUGWKHQVLPXODWLRQPRGHFDQQRW
EHDFWLYDWHGLQWKHSDUDPHWHU6,08/$7(VHH&KDSWHU7KHSDUDPHWHU
%/2&.B(5525LQWKHUHVRXUFHEORFNLQGLFDWHVZKHWKHUVLPXODWLRQRIWKHGLVFUHWH
LQSXWEORFNLVSRVVLEOH

Readback

,IWKHKDUGZDUHVXSSRUWVDUHDGEDFNYDOXHVXFKDVYDOYHSRVLWLRQWKDWYDOXHLVUXQ
EDFNZDUGVWKURXJKWKH;'VFDOLQJWRDFWDVWKH39IRUWKHEORFN,IQRWVXSSRUWHG
5($'%$&.LVJHQHUDWHGIURP287
7HPS  5($'%$&.(8#  (8#(8# >;'B6&$/(@
39 7HPS  (8#(8# (8#>39B6&$/(@

Mode

7KHRSHUDWLQJPRGHLVVHWYLDWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS02'(B%/.7KHGLVFUHWHRXWSXW
EORFNVXSSRUWVWKHIROORZLQJRSHUDWLQJPRGHV$872,0$1/20$1&$65&$6
226
7KHEORFNVWDWXV226LVDOVRVKRZQYLDWKHSDUDPHWHU%/2&.B(55,IWKHZULWH
SURWHFWLRQLVQRWHQDEOHG\RXFDQDFFHVVDOOWKHZULWHSDUDPHWHUVZLWKRXWUHVWULFWLRQLQ
RSHUDWLQJPRGH226

Status



7KHRSWLRQ3URSDJDWHIDXOWEDFNZDUGVIURPWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS67$786B236DSSOLHV
WRWKHEORFN

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

 'LVFUHWHRXWSXWEORFN
7KHGLVFUHWHRXWSXWEORFNSURFHVVHVDGLVFUHWHVHWSRLQWYDOXHUHFHLYHGIURPDQ
XSVWUHDPIXQFWLRQEORFNRUKLJKHUOHYHOSURFHVVFRQWUROV\VWHPZLWKZKLFKYDULRXV
LQVWUXPHQWIXQFWLRQVFDQEHLQLWLDWHGLQWKHGRZQVWUHDPWUDQVGXFHUEORFN
Input and output
parameters

CAS_IN_D
RCAS_IN_D
BKCAL_OUT_D

OUT_D
RCAS_OUT_D
Transducer
CHANNEL
Transducer
READBACK_D

Signal processing

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

7KH)LJXUHVKRZVWKHLQWHUQDOVWUXFWXUHRIWKHGLVFUHWHRXWSXWEORFN



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

Input value

7KHEORFNLVQRUPDOO\RSHUDWHGLQWKH&$6PRGHWKH&$6B,1B'VLJQDOEHLQJOLQNHGWR
WKH&$6B287B'RXWSXWRIDQXSVWUHDPIXQFWLRQEORFN

Setpoint selection

'HSHQGLQJXSRQRSHUDWLQJPRGHWKHGLVFUHWHVHWSRLQWDQGVWDWXVLVSURYLGHGE\63B'
&$6B,1B'RU5&$6B,1B'
AUTO
CAS
RCAS

7KHFXUUHQWVHWSRLQWYDOXHDQGVWDWXVLVFRPPXQLFDWHGWRDQXSVWUHDPEORFNE\WKH
%.&$/B287B'SDUDPHWHU,Q5&$6PRGHWKH5&$6B287FRPPXQLFDWHVWKHVDPH
LQIRUPDWLRQWRWKHKRVWV\VWHP
Optional invert

7KH,19(57,2RSWLRQLQWKHSDUDPHWHUJURXS,2B2376SODFHVDERROHDQ127EHWZHHQ
WKHVHWSRLQW 63B'&$6B,1B'5&$6B,1B' DQGWKHRXWSXW287B'
False
True

63B'XVHVWKH;'B67$7(YDOXHWRLQGLFDWHWKHWUXHVWDWHRQRIIVWDWHRIWKHFRQQHFWHG
KDUGZDUH
Output

:KHQWKHEORFNLVRSHUDWLQJLQ&$65&$6RU$872PRGHWKHLQFRPLQJVHWSRLQWYDOXH
LIDSSURSULDWHLQYHUWHGLVWKHYDOXHWKDWLVSODFHGLQ287B'7KHVWDWXVRIWKHSDUDPHWHU
JURXS287B'LQGLFDWHVWKHYDOLGLW\RIWKHRXWSXWYDOXH287B'7KHIROORZLQJVWDWXV
YDOXHVFDQEHGLVSOD\HG
GOOD_CASCADE
BAD

Safety default

7KHUHLVDVDIHW\GHIDXOWDYDLODEOH IDXOWVWDWH IRUWKHGLVFUHWHRXWSXWEORFN7KLVLV


DFWLYDWHGZKHQDIDXOWFRQGLWLRQ RIWKHFRUUHVSRQGLQJYDOLGVHWSRLQWYDOXH H[LVWV
ORQJHUWKDQGHILQHGLQWKHSDUDPHWHU)67$7(B7,0(RUZKHQWKHSDUDPHWHU
6(7B)67$7(LQWKHUHVRXUFHEORFNLVDFWLYDWHG7KHVDIHW\RSHUDWLRQLVGHWHUPLQHGYLD
WKHSDUDPHWHUV)67$7(B7,0()67$7(B9$/B'DQG,2B2376
,IWKHRSWLRQ)$8/767$7(729$/8(LQWKHSDUDPHWHU,2B2376ZDVVHOHFWHGWKH
YDOXHRIWKHSDUDPHWHU)67$7(B9$/B' IDXOWUHSODFHPHQWYDOXH ZLOOEHXVHG
,IWKHRSWLRQ)$8/767$7(729$/8(LQWKHSDUDPHWHU,2B2376ZDVQRWVHOHFWHG
WKHYDOXHRIWKHSDUDPHWHU5&$6B,1B'ZLOOFRQWLQXHWREHXVHG



(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

Simulation

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

7KHGLVFUHWHRXWSXWEORFNDVVLJQVWKH287B'YDOXHWRDFRQQHFWHGWUDQVGXFHUEORFNE\
PHDQVRIWKH&+$11(/SDUDPHWHU,IPDQXDORSHUDWLRQLVDOORZHG 0$1 LWLVDOVR
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Status

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Special use

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Parameter

Block

Write

ACK_OPTION

RES
AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS
CAS
RCAS
ROUT

ALARM_HYS

AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

ALARM_SUM

RES
AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

ALERT KEY

All

AUTO
OOS

ARITH_TYPE

AR

AUTO
MAN
OOS

Description

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

BAL_TIME

AR
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS
CAS
RCAS
ROUT

BIAS

AR

AUTO
MAN
OOS

BIAS_IN_i

AR

MAN
OOS

BKCAL_HYS

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

BKCAL_IN

PID

RO

BKCAL_OUT

PID

RO

BKCAL_OUT_D

DO

RO

BLOCK_ALM

RES
AI

AUTO
OOS

BLOCK_ERR

All

RO



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV



)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

BYPASS

PID

MAN
OOS

CAS_IN

PID

RO

CAS_IN_D

DO

RO

CHANNEL

AI

OOS

CLOCK_PER

IT

OOS

CLR_FSTATE

RES

AUTO
OOS

COMP_LO_LIM

AR

AUTO
MAN
OOS

COMP_HI_LIM

AR

AUTO
MAN
OOS

CONFIRM_TIME

RES

AUTO
OOS

CONTROL_OPT
S

PID

OOS

CURVE_X

SC

AUTO
MAN
OOS

CURVE_Y

SC

AUTO
MAN
OOS

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

CYCLE_SEL

RES

AUTO
OOS

CYCLE_TYPE

RES

RO

DD_RESOURCE

RES

RO

DD_REV

RES

RO

DEV_REV

RES

RO

DEV_TYPE

RES

RO

DISABLE_n

IS

RO

DISC_ALM

DI

RO

DISC_LIM

DI

AUTO
MAN
OOS

DISC_PRI

DI

AUTO
MAN
OOS

DV_HI_ALM

PID

RO

DV_HI_LIM

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

DV_HI_PRI

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

DV_LO_ALM

PID

RO

DV_LO_LIM

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

DV_LO_PRI

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

FAULT_STATE

RES

RO

FEATURES

RES

RO

FEATURES_SEL

RES

AUTO
OOS

FF_GAIN

PID

MAN
OOS

FF_SCALE

PID

MAN
OOS

FF_VAL

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

FIELD_VAL

AI

RO

100 x (process variable PV - XD_SCALE_0%)


FIELD_VAL = ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(XD_SCALE_100% - XD_SCALE_0%)

FIELD_VAL_D



DI

RO

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

FREE_SPACE

RES

RO

FREE_TIME

RES

RO

FSTATE_TIME

DI
DO

AUTO
MAN
OOS
CAS
RCAS

FSTATE_VAL_D

DI
DO

AUTO
MAN
OOS
CAS
RCAS

GAIN

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

GAIN_IN_i

AR

MAN
OOS

GOOD_LIM

IT

OOS

GRANT_DENY

RES,
PID
DI
DO

AUTO
OOS

HARD_TYPES

RES

RO

HI_ALM

AI
PID

RO

HI_HI_ALM

AI
PID

RO

HI_HI_LIM

AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

HI_HI_PRI

AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV



)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

HI_LIM

AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

HI_PRI

AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

IN

AR
PID

RO

IN_i

SC IT
IS AS
AR

MAN

IN_LO

AR

RO

INTEG_OPTS

IT

OOS

INTEG_TYPE

IT

OOS

IO_OPTS

AI

OOS

ITK_VER

RES

RO

LIM_NOTIFY

RES

AUTO
OOS

LO_ALM

AI
PID

RO

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

LO_LIM

AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

LO_LO_ALM

AI
PID

RO

LO_LO_LIM

AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

LO_LO_PRI

AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

LO_PRI

AI
PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

LOW_CUT

AI

AUTO
MAN
OOS

L_TYPE

AI

MAN

MANUFAC_ID

RES

RO

MAX_NOTIFY

RES

RO

MEMORY_SIZE

RES

RO

MIN_CYCLE_T

RES

RO

MIN_GOOD

IS

MAN
OOS

MODE_BLK

All

AUTO
OOS



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV



)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

N_RESET

IT

RO

NV_CYCLE_T

RES

RO

OP_SELECT

IS

AUTO
MAN
OOS

OPT_CMD_INT

IT

MAN

OUT

AI
PID

MAN
OOS

OUT_1

SC

MAN
OOS

OUT_2

SC

MAN
OOS

OUT_D

DI
DO

MAN
OOS

OUT_HI_LIM

PID

MAN
ROUT
LO

OUT_LO_LIM

PID

MAN
ROUT
LO

OUT_PTRIM

IT

OOS

OUT_RANGE

IS

OOS

OUT_SCALE

AI

MAN
OOS

OUT_STATE

DI
DO

MAN
OOS

OUT_TRIM

IT

OOS

PCT_INCL

IT

OOS
MAN
AUTO

PRE_OUT

AR

RO

PRE_TRIP

IT

OOS
MAN

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

PRIMARY_
VALUE

TR

RO

PULSE_VALn

IT

OOS
MAN

PV

AI
AR
PID

RO

PV_D

DI
DO

PV_FTIME

AI

AUTO
MAN
OOS

PV_SCALE

AI
AR
PID

MAN
OOS

PV_STATE

DI
DO

AUTO
MAN
OOS
CAS
RCAS

RANGE_HI

AR

MAN
OOS

RANGE_LO

AR

MAN
OOS

RATE

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

RCAS_IN

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

RCAS_IN_D

DO

AUTO
MAN
OOS
CAS
RCAS

RCAS_OUT

PID

RO



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV



)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

RCAS_OUT_D

DO

RO

READBACK_D

DO

RO

RESET

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

RESET_
CONFIRM

IT

RO

RESET_IN

IT

RO

RESTART

RES

AUTO
OOS

REV_FLOWn

IT

OOS

ROUT_IN

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

ROUT_OUT

PID

RO

RS_STATE

RES

RO

RTOTAL

IT

RO

SECONDARY_
VALUE

TR

RO

SELECT_TYPE

IS

MAN
OOS

SELECTED

IS

AUTO
MAN

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

SET_FSTATE

RES

AUTO
OOS

SHED_OPT

PID
DO

AUTO
MAN
OOS
RCAS
ROUT

SHED_RCAS

RES
PID

AUTO
OOS
RCAS

SHED_ROUT

RES
PID

AUTO
OOS
ROUT

SIMULATE

AI

MAN
OOS

SIMULATE_D

DI
DO

AUTO
MAN
OOS
CAS
RCAS

SP

PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

SP_D

DO

AUTO
MAN
OOS

SP_HI_LIM

PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS

SP_LO_LIM

PID

AUTO
MAN
OOS



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV



)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

SP_RATE_DN

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

SP_RATE_UP

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOSS

SRTOTAL

IT

RO

SSP

IT

RO

STATUS_
OPTS

AI, DI
PID

OOS

STOTAL

IT

RO

ST_REV

All

RO

STRATEGY

All

AUTO
OOS

SWAP_2

SC

AUTO
MAN
OOS

TAG_DESC

All

AUTO
OOS

TEST_RW

RES

AUTO
OOS

TIME_UNITn

IT

MAN
OOS

TOTAL_SP

IT

MAN
OOS

Transducer Error

TR

RO

Transducer Type

TR

RO

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

 )XQFWLRQEORFNV

TRK_IN_D

PID

RO

TRK_SCALE

PID

MAN
OOS

TRK_VAL

PID

ROUT
RCAS
CAS
AUTO
MAN
OOS

WRITE_ALM

RES

AUTO
OOS

not

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

WRITE_LOCK

RES

RO

WRITE_PRI

RES

AUTO
OOS

UNCERT_LIM

IT

AUTO
MAN
OOS

UNIT_CONV

IT

AUTO
MAN
OOS

UPDATE_EVT

TR, AI

RO

XD_SCALE

AI

MAN OOS



 )XQFWLRQEORFNV



)RXQGDWLRQ)LHOGEXV

XD_STATE

DI
DO

AUTO
MAN
OOS
CAS
RCAS

X_RANGE

SC

OOS

Y_RANGE

SC

OOS

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Property

(QGUHVV+DXVHU

Description



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7RSRORJ\

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EULGJHVURXWHUVDQGILUHZDOOV
General structure

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Connectors

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Products

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Field devices

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