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You are on page 1of 17

The term resistance is often used

when describing components of

electric circuits.

What behavior of the components

does this term describe?

Do conductors have resistance?

If so, are all conductors the same?

Explain.

decreasing the resistance in a

circuit have on the circuit?

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Section 3

Electric Current

Electric current (I) is rate at which

charges flow through an area.

SI unit: coulombs/second (C/s) or

amperes (A)

1 A = 6.25 1018 electrons/second

Section 3

Conventional Current

Conventional current (I) is

defined as the flow of

positive charge.

The flow of negative charge

as shown would be

equivalent to an equal

amount of positive charge in

the opposite direction.

In conducting wires, I is

opposite the direction of

electron flow.

Section 3

Section 3

Resistance to Current

Resistance is opposition to the flow of charge.

SI unit: volts/ampere (V/A) or ohms ()

Ohms Law : V = IR

Valid only for certain materials whose resistance is constant over

a wide range of potential differences

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Section 3

A typical 100 W light bulb has a current of

0.83 A.

How much charge flows through the bulb filament in

1.0 h? Answers: 3.0 103 C

potential difference. Find the resistance of the bulb.

Answer: 1.4 102

Section 4

Hair dryers, microwaves, stereos, and other

appliances use electric power when plugged into

your outlets.

What is electric power?

Is electric power the same as the power discussed in the

chapter Work and Energy?

current, potential difference, energy, or something

else?

What do you think is meant by the terms alternating

current (AC) and direct current (DC)?

Which do you have in your home?

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Batteries use chemical energy to give electrons

potential energy.

Chemical energy is eventually depleted.

Called direct current (DC)

Section 4

Generators change

mechanical energy into

electrical energy.

Falling water or moving steam

forth.

Terminals switch signs 60 times

per second (60 Hz).

Called alternating current (AC)

AC is better for transferring

electrical energy to your home.

Section 4

Section 4

Electric Power

power, this is equivalent to the equation shown below.

SI unit: joules/second (J/S) or watts (W)

Current (I) is measured in amperes (C/s).

Potential difference (V) is measured in volts (J/C).

for electric power.

Section 4

A toaster is connected across a 120 V kitchen

outlet. The power rating of the toaster is 925 W.

What current flows through the toaster?

What is the resistance of the toaster?

How much energy is consumed in 75.0 s?

Section 4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=d_5CWIYUoqk&index=91&list=PLS3iL7hsj4D

Ft_wwrpLd9HNK3Zg7zQhHt

https://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=XoHxAAnIOaw&list=PLS3iL7hsj4DFt_wwrpLd

9HNK3Zg7zQhHt&index=92

https://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=yRirbKxnYc0&list=PLS3iL7hsj4DFt_wwrpLd9

HNK3Zg7zQhHt&index=93

Section 4

through a cross section of a copper wire if I = 5.0 A?

A. 0.20 s

B. 1.0 s

C. 5.0 s

D. 25 s

Section 4

of 0.40 A in a piece of copper wire. What is the

resistance of the wire?

A. 4.8

B. 12

C. 30

D. 36

Section 4

draws 7.0 A of current when a potential difference of

115 V is applied across it?

A. 6.1 10-2 W

B. 2.3 100 W

C. 1.6 101 W

D. 8.0 102 W

Section 4

50.0 W light bulb in 2.00 s?

A. 25.0 J

B. 50.0 J

C. 100 J

D. 200 J

Section 4

one 9volt battery with a 10 ohm load?

A. 90A

B. 9.0A

C. 0.9A

D. What?

Pages 11-17?

Pages 26-29?

35-40?

What about the concept questions?

Section 4

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