Green

Horse
Development project

GREEN HORSE project 2015
Green Economic Development program

Against the Global Climate Change

BRIEF INTRODUCTION
In 2050 about 9.3 billion people will share our planet. Already today the world is facing intertwined challenges of food, water and energy
security, coupled with climate change, desertification and shrinking forests. None of these challenges are without solutions. At the same time it
is ever clearer that we cannot afford to pursue responses to one challenge that come at the expense of another. The greatest challenges of our
time are closely interlinked and the same must be true for their answers. To borrow the words of Albert Einstein: “We can’t solve problems by
using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.”
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

DEC 2014 vs 1951-1980
MONGOLIA

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS IN MONGOLIA
Depending on the specific geographical and climatic conditions, Mongolia might be more heavily influenced by the global climate change. The
impacts of climate change on the ecological system and the natural resources would be dramatic affecting directly almost all sectors of the
national economy and all spheres of social life, i.e. it touches the all aspects of life supporting system. Therefore, climate change response
measures would help to address the inevitable need to adapt to climate change and to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in order to meet the
requirements of the sustainable development strategies of Mongolia. According to the records from 48 meteorological stations which are
distributed evenly over the territory of Mongolia, the annual mean temperature of Mongolia increased by 2.140Ñ during the last 70 years. In late

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2010, 77.8% of Mongolian land has affected by large and small sized desertification, especially Dundgovi and Dornogovi aimags are the most affected areas.

2010

2030

2060

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90% of the country's total land area is vulnerable to desertification.
The world’s population is now odds-on to swell ever-higher for the rest of the
century, posing grave challenges for food supplies, healthcare and social
cohesion. A ground-breaking analysis released on Thursday shows there is
a 70% chance that the number of people on the planet will rise continuously
from 7bn today to 11bn in 2100. The work overturns 20 years of consensus
that global population, and the stresses it brings, will peak by 2050 at about
9bn people. “The previous projections said this problem was going to go
away so it took the focus off the population issue,” said Prof Adrian Raftery, at
the University of Washington, who led the international research team. “There
is now a strong argument that population should return to the top of the
international agenda. Population is the driver of just about everything else
and rapid population growth can exacerbate all kinds of challenges.”
In 2010, 925 million people are undernourished in the world.

MAP 2014

About 20-34% of Mongolian population are affected
by food shortages due to a loss of food security.

Green Horse is a Program which is based on 'Green Development Model'. The main objective of the program is to set up an Eco Economic
Region which is going to solve socio-economic and environmental issues in the south that its high land degradation, drought and
desertification have been widening year by year and we chose 4 provinces/aimags, 52 soums. The Sahara Forest Project proposes to establish
groups of interconnected economic activities in different low lying desert areas around the world. Successful implementation of the project is
green horse landscape art project in Central Asia can be seen from space and the world's largest landscape art is characterized as a work of art.
The program will start from front of Bogd Khan Mountain, Sergelen soum, Tuv aimag.
Total area: /5 aimags, 47soums, 50000 households, 340,000 square km/
The gobi desert region is 70% in the chosen area and 40-45% is planned for Green Horse Landscape Art Project which is going to be the
biggest landscape artistic creature in the world, seeable from the space in Central Asia.

MISSION:

To set up a well-known “Green Development Sample Region”
in the world as a landscape artistic creation.

PROJECT RESULTS/SIGNIFICANCE WILL BE:
Ÿ

Reducing desertification in Mongolia and global warming issues in the world

Ÿ

Regional development and balanced migration

Ÿ

Creating “Green Horse” international trade mark, contribution for GDP through export

Ÿ

Attracting foreign and local investment and economic growth

Ÿ

Creating employment opportunities

Ÿ

Organic food industry

Ÿ

Mining rehabilitation

GREEN
DEVELOPMENT
MODEL

SOME GREEN PROJECTS IN OTHER COUNTRIES
Eco Regional Development areas has been increasing to solve the issues of climate change and lack of food all over the world.

THE ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF THE GREEN HORSE PROJECT
Economic growth and investment
Investments in Green Horse are thought to improve a region's image, helping to attract and retain high value industries, new business start-ups, entrepreneurs and workers.
This in turn increases the scope for levering in private sector investment, reducing unemployment and increasing GVA.

Land and property values, aesthetics
Developing and improving Green Horse in key locations within urban and semi-urban areas is argued to have significant benefits which are reflected in increasing property
and land values. Investment in Green Horse can lead to a rise in demand for homes and higher returns for the property sector. Greener areas have a better image and attract more
visitors, bringing with them retail and leisure spending and providing job and rental opportunities. This in turn increases land and property values.

Regional and local economic regeneration
Regional and local economic regeneration is an important government activity. Economic regeneration means increasing employment, encouraging business growth and
investment, and tackling economic disadvantage.

Labor market employment and productivity
More and better quality Green Horse is considered to provide opportunities to develop a more productive workforce for employers through improved health, reducing stress,
sickness and absenteeism. It helps to attract and retain motivated people.

Products from the Land

IRRIGATED CROP CIRCLES
SAUDI ARABIA

SAHARA FOREST PROJECT
QATAR

1987

FARMING THE
DESERT MARGINS

1991

HIGH DESERT
FARMING

2000

2012

Investments in Green Horse can increase the amount of productive land and/or productivity, and this may increase FTE jobs and GVA in the locality. For example, jobs may be
created in forest planting, harvesting, restocking, haulage and wood processing, with net impacts on GVA generated in the local economy.

Biodiversity
Investments in Green Horse are thought to improve and protect habitats, thereby encouraging and maintaining biodiversity. Biodiversity is a non-market benefit and mainly a
non-use value. It comes from the value to individuals of knowing that the resource exists (existence value), or is available for others to use now (altruistic value) or in the future
(bequest value). Therefore, the way to value biodiversity benefits is to use stated preferences techniques to elicit individuals' willingness to pay (WTP).

Climate change adaptation and mitigation
Trees absorb carbon and provide natural air-conditioning for urban areas, reducing the need for heating and cooling. Several kinds of climate change mitigation and adaptation
benefits may arise by increasing Green Horse. Firstly, there is carbon sequestration in trees, other vegetative matter and soils. Second, there are energy saving costs due to
lower heating and cooling requirements associated with the benefits of shade which, in turn, may lower energy usage and reduce carbon emissions thereby adding an extra
benefit.

Clean energy
Clean energy affects the demand for and supply of conventional energy and can result in positive effects on the energy system, the environment, and the economy.

Water Management
Investment in green infrastructure can result in an increase in urban Green Horse, with canopy cover and 'soft surfacing' contributing to Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems
(SUDS), acting to reduce and control run-off, improve absorption rates and provide storage capacity. It can result in less frequent and less dramatic flood events for urban
areas, thereby reducing costs to business and residents.

The development of agriculture by creating organic food production and ensure the national food security

IRRIGATED CROP CIRCLES in SAUDI ARABIA

Center pivot irrigation in Saudi Arabia is typical of many isolated irrigation projects scattered
throughout the arid and hyper-arid regions of the Earth. Nonrenewable Fossil water is mined from
depths as great as 1 km (3,000 ft), pumped to the surface, and distributed via large centre pivot
irrigation feeds. The circles of green irrigated vegetation may comprise a variety of agricultural
commodities from alfalfa to wheat. Diameters of the normally circular fields range from a few
hundred metres to as much as 3 km (1.9 mi). The projects often trace out a narrow, sinuous, and
seemingly random path. Actually, engineers generally seek ancient river channels now buried by
the sand seas. The fossil waters mined in these projects accumulated during periods of wetter
climate in the Pleistocene glacial epochs, between 10,000 to 2 million years ago, and are not being
replenished under current climatic conditions.

SAHARA FOREST PROJECT
QATAR

Mining Reclamation

Eco-tourism

Renewable energy

Infrastructure

Urban development

PROJECTED IMPLEMENTATION PHASES
PHASE 1: /2014.VI-2015.II/
Conceptual planning
PHASE 2: /2015.V– 2015.XII/
Pre-Feasibility Study
3-р үе шат: /2016.I – 2017.VII/
Bankable Feasibility Study
4-р үе шат: /2017– 2020/
Implementation of selected sample soum
5-р үе шат: /2020 – 2030/
Development of other soums and provices according to the sample soum model
6-р үе шат: /2030 – 2050/
Agriculture, farming, and the stimulation of the economy through
the development of small and medium enterprises

A Sahara Forest Project facility will be successful only when it is well integrated with the
local communities. In addition to mitigating effects of climate change and contributing
to conflict reduction in resource-scarce areas, the SFP facilities will provide
employment for both high- and low-skilled workers. Programs and facilities for
knowledge transfer and training will be established to ensure that long-term social and
economic development opportunities are created.
The Sahara Forest Project is not too good to be true. It is an integrated system designed
to harvest technological synergies while minimizing waste. The design is founded on
the premise that we must find a more holistic approach to successfully tackle
challenges related to energy, food, and water security.

“GREEN GREAT WALL” in China – is the world's largest ecological engineering project. The country is building
a belt of trees that will stretch some 2,800 miles across north and northwest China in an attempt to stop the
advance of the Gobi desert of Mongolia. The Gobi desert also has been impacting Korea and Japan for their
agriculture and livestock farming. Therefore, China started this project since 1978 and country has planted
2
trees in 500.000km area which is 12%-18% of the total work.

Future trends...

STRUCTURE OF THE PROJECT TEAM