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Criminal vocabulary

Give the appropriate term/expression for each definition:
• Person who commits a crime:
• Act of taking and keeping someone legally, so that s/he can be kept in custody and charged
with a crime:
• Starting criminal proceedings (if that be the case) by informing of an offence:
• Document giving the police the power to arrest someone for a crime:
• When a police officer warns someone that s/he will be charged with a crime and that what
s/he says will be used in evidence:
• Criminal court case heard before a judge:
• Legal punishment given by a court to a convicted person:
• Act of setting a person free because s/he has been found not guilty:
• Finding that a person accused of a crime is guilty:
• Unlawful, premeditated killing of a human being by another:
• Killing of political or religious leader or a famous person for ideological reasons:
• Act of intentionally setting fire to property:
• Unlawful killing of a human being without malice aforethought, i.e. the intention of doing
• Illegal, criminal act:
• Written, formal accusation of a crime:
• An individual offence set out in an indictment:
• Statements or proofs admissible as testimony in court:
• Claim submitted by an accused person that he or she was somewhere else when an act was
• A defendant’s reply to a charge put to him:
• Decision returned by a jury concerning a question submitted to them on an issue of fact:
• Formal statement offered by a professional on a technical, specialized issue:
• Formal questioning in court:
• Reasons submitted on behalf of a guilty party in order to excuse or partly excuse the offence
committed in an attempt to make the sentence less severe:
• A review of the evidence and directions as to the law by a judge immediately before a jury
retires to consider its verdict:
• Release of a defendant from custody until his next appearance in court (sometimes subject
to security being given):
• The responsibility for proving something is called the…
• An agreement to plead guilty in exchange for a lower sentence:
• To set aside the decision of a lower court because of an error:
• The level of certitude required to reach a verdict:
• To state that a decision which has already been made is correct: