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8, 38
unlessyou workharder.
..... 42
Youwon'tpassthe examination
Haveyou everbeento Ne$,Yoik?
(of lrequency)
(of manner)
lf she had cooked
Conditional (unrealpast)
It rainedverymuchduringthenight..............
The catscouldhavehadverypooreyesight.
Therearen'tas manystamps.
Youwon'tbe sittingat yourdeskin thecffice.
I'mgoingto posttheseletters.
goingto lravelto Paris.
(+ pastperfect)
lf onlyI hadn'teatenso much.
lf only
or in thechest..............--..-..-............
He musthavehiddenin thecupboard
Nouns(countable/uncountable)Therearen'tas manystamps.
ParticipleAdjectives\-ing and-eQ The bookw.rsvery interesting.I'm bored.
(presentperfect) The trontdoorhas beenmended.
Rock'n'rollhadn'tbeenthoughtof yet.............
24. *
Somebodyhad turnedon the TV.
It tookhimweeksto grot. ..............
Whois Dannygoingoutwith?..............
.....'. ....... 48
(afteradjectives) l'm afraidof spiders.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v . . . . . .2. .0. . . . . . . .
i n t ot h el a k e ?. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(of movement)
W h oi s l a l l i n g
20 40 46
Whois fallingintothe
l ve lostmycarkeys.
rn LosAngeles
I workin a fastfoodrestaurant




A teelotalleris someonewho neverdrlnks alcohol.
Juirette.whose boyfriendMasim is always late. was waiting ...


ReportedSpeech (statements) The announcementsaid all passengersshouldgo to Gate Five.............'...58
Should(n't) have done
(+ -ing'1


(+ prepositions)
(+ to infinitivo)
Vocabulary (verbs)

She asKedhim i{ he had packedthe tin opener.
He should have cleaned his rille.
There isn'tas much paper....-........


I enjoy stayingin becl.........-..
| think I'm golng to apply for this iob.
I refuse te '...aF


Don'l go in there. Come here.


ahd Brilish;car,automobile.
buyheran icecream.'.........'
Someonewas goingto shave.
Wasgoing to
Don'tworryl'llanswerit. ...................
| knowwhatl'll do! l'll hitcha lift.
| wishI hadputon ditlerentshoes.



42. 56















-^' -^ --:l:


' , f- :







:: +:' ,:s




Par:rc.o:e - ng ano -so) Aoleclives The book was veN
nlerestlng. i'm Dored.

(-rngand -ed) Adjectlvesi hopeyou don t find me
bonng.,' l'm bored wtn this game. Let'sptay something
Ve.rD- preposrlions I thnk l'm gotng to apply ror lntsjaD.

:: ::: ,9s 3escr1tno oopcist ft nas gat a :oqg sttcx

VerD - PreDosltions I don t aQree with hts pottilcai

'.r:-: :s -an'/ As nucn - Countable'Unccunlalle
'.:-:3 '+e'e
arc marc envetcaes There Is ncre tuDcjsn
-a'a 2'en t as nanv stangs There sn i 3s Toci caEer






j r3


E -i;-93,'3',







: : s i P e n E c iS ; n l e



t'eserl Fer:eclSrmoie ,;9 .rsl'-t'Jar {evs
?:si S more lhev ,rere n :'r :aQ.

N e w sQ u i z



ie al'.e I aLSes le'n 1li






;o ng lc Scnecne

ilas Eotng tc snave.




was gcrng lo iwas Justgong io 70 tt .rFen : rcltctd inal
dion t nave lhe right booKs.

Aojeclives sociable

Ac/erbsci Manner Shurupl she satdangrtlv

Acverbsof MannerVv son ;vrfes very wel'



3 ' a s e n t C c n t t n u o u s- P r e p o s l t l o n so f M o v e m e n t
,',^a s:ailing nto ihe ,ake?



I :-ccuno NounsSab.ysitter

=3-":3 -; e re stcoped an iop ol l/-resteps.
t:.s: l:.: r,cus ;l wasgettng dark.
:=: +-ea S -cte 7le bus nad left.

T:;g 3. Faise?







ReilextvePronounsPasl CcnlinuousShe ;vas''ccxrngir
nercelt,n a mtrror'




R e t l e x r v eP f o n o u n s P . e s e n t C o n t t n u c u s
You e ioonng at yourseti in lne ntrQr

t - e s e n l C c n l l n u o u s * P r e c o s l t i o n so f M o v e m e n l
.i._-+nq s,iamrr? .nlo a rcom.


Whols it?

So,Too * Aoiec'lives ,\'e rAeHariv secause te s ic :ci'te
w'e iate datN because fe s loo aggress/l'e

A,:'eros Jf i'"4ann9r.{re rod lrlvng :asia



AdiectivesSheb gof 'cng, Tarkhalr Shts 4indaxa letatu'
to cther peoole.




Word Crder: ReilexivePronouns:Conluncttcns
He luri amsell aute haolv \rnle sking tn Swtzerland'
Comoansonol Adverbs Youson t passihe examlnaiion
un'ess lou florK karder.




Ccmcartsonof Adverbs She can see ihe furthest' She can
see further than him.

1 c, -E s. * . ,
, - , o . 5Vocabulary
r e n rDon
t go in there' Come l''ere'



Differences1 extension

3 r3e
:e-e.:: S :l e

Verbs:VocabularylooK. see


:iluEuonv1,"-:'.-""'":,1,--- - . .,-: 46
Presenl Simple I worK 1n a last food restauianl :n
Los Angeles.


,!h: iviere',"'r c:

a e a : ' , e i a u s e s D e r ' r r n c l' l v h c ' f / h c s e i . s : , e a c i s l
,vrc :.ea':ce"!)r''

P'esenl Penecl Sin:Dle -eL',Tecne <ncw \as Jrcwn a
P?sl Simple i!:caK hrtll teeks lo Erc\v
P'esent Tenses 9e ihrnxs 3e Jo{s mucn mare nanosome

::-ccund Ncuns a traificjam


'/Vorc3iun extension



^er ',',C:

3 :^^ections3 extension



S i a rC u r z

i . , e n t r oG
n arne


t r e a i , ' e I a u s e s D e : n t n EI ' N h c W h e r e r w h r c h ' \ ! n ' ) s el
1 n . r @ r 9 fJ i t ' < S a ' C C r ' :
i '-::-':a t: S iJT;:ie
.1 ,?argti.,<e s a 9lac9 'vaete ioocs are snlec.
I sa,v s; :act ivntcn
- s e 1 0c u l , v o a o c r n e l e l
, l , f i : ; . / e r - si : : a r ; l n c s g , t f e , s i e e J .


-': :-e

: - o u s , ' , ' ^ a : . r , t / a u c e o o : n gj r - t -r r




A GreatDay Out

,i3"1 - Cbrecl P'cr:-rs - lc nr I ve
, + 2 a :, C U i C , 1 f ; : e, a L i ' e , e : ^ : . a



tr:l:re Conllnuous Yau ilon l be stltnq al yoJr iesx 4 tne





:: -a-r As much r CGUntaDle'Urca|rnlacie:jcurs
^'uc' tater
a r e n ! a s n a n v S a D e r - c : ) c sT h e t e s n : a s

, ' ,- - : - O b ; e c : D ' a : t ' i ' s - ' t : ' ' 1 ' ! e
S ^ : . r ' a n t si r r i 3 c ! ! ' ' e ' e ' a e : , e e r '


5 extension






, ' , - 3 : sD r f f e r e n t ?







iesc: c,ng peootet on. neavy.sllm

'.t-e Game


| know what l'il do! l'il hitcha lift.
Will rDecrsrons)

ttt g

l : s c ' r c l r c nG a m e





Golngto iDecrsions)Youre going to travelto Pans.





- s : - - : :: - s I - . i r : . . s , c n



Gorngto I'm gong ro post theseiefters
Wiil Don t ,yarry,l'll answer it.






r .-i1.'e..=:'i rl=c i.i!_i 74 .: a3r€l 62 Ocservaiicr4 sxtenslcn aegr .s'- ai 1't c clc:^ t.y'crnelefte.SCnOS ietc::e: aa:\:: 78 SreeSl' r:r:s:::s lta:. .avse s3e hac Dee:t strr?. q c r ( r r o i .. € .te-:..'or: lroe' 58 ir. J v a: i .oultvingat the momentT PresenlPerfeciSrmpieHow long naveyou warkedfo.3Jen9' S ' . ei D a s l p e a e c l .c. t : J tnttnrlve l'.: 3ana .a-se.."=-..' 1i. . a-:a-ait€ TdEMORY 6 Whai Are TnevTaixri: Ac:_:^ q a r e f l c a ca i ! B ' i i ..-rrc ire lir:'aJi.a i:^a '.: i-frJl/-ae?rear . u . /n in€ :Dgsl. Du: uc What'sDiftereni? 52 54 Das .ie 3 a !it..r.. h'aii.Das: trere:: ' r.C9's ^':-:-:: aie .::.ti Could have be€n dorn.L nac trs: siocc uc. M E M O R Y8 Fast Perieci ).alt:: a a s s r i .i9: Ge. sarc r:! 72 C ..j ina c:lJtc- !. Past Ccniinuous lc:: were readnc e DCoh Was goinS ta fcu eg.ln9.'.].::.^ .. Ta? aca. Aovera:i c: =rec. erov up TRUEOR FALSE? lcmtrei:- to r\on-ceiinrnC M =M ORY 1 P:..r . ini.: C:r.t l. s - . PICTURE STORY Ciauses I 74 Ve': ..cn1\ .t ' n e n a J r t't€J Sle::- 1.a.i^r J Ja 1 iee \.-eThe man couiC nave nave hidJes !n tne cuDoca-a c.c'ganec MEMORY6 lnventionGame DETECTIVE 48 CONNECTIONS 6 70 Shouldn't have done Yau shoutdn i have o..Ja: l: :r-r.. stmei- f.h?a was 9:. . vem . Past Simple I moved to -:'rc SenienOe Ga'.: : .eii C L 3 SEU PS tassrve r:: Du|i Vei CATEGORIES2 .ATraJ_..a.enec S'rt.:ie: I'educricn3a. : -r ."11-q.' .'igii-if.^-. / . .2 ras bee.Prepositions very anxrcusabcut She _o9i.\. 5 extension Wcid 3rce.^ tr _ r.hereare .t:t! .-... lhe InternatonalBank? Past SrmpreWnendjCvou move tc Rome? Adjectrvesr Prepositions I'm airan ol sptoers Connections 6 extensron 48 Adlectrves.g l6rr3 ir::a J. ^ r .rl J. 78 t' :-i -< r ir\:- -i -.unt sa --...i !:.l : : . t135 l: :a(: li'nJse :Jrli..eilt-s !. Memory4 extension 46 PreseniSrmDleDc vou smoKe? PreseniContrnuoust'.:cck ice-aid tc. Curtains nave Dee..i: -i-J- M EMCRY 9 -'.le^ :':l..'rlte: :3\ -: ite Ji l. s ..::::- a-. lu'lgrqci'\.o c :o ^ : i a : J s F:as: Conlrnucus \c..: s - t I 6Z U.: 33:.)te Arc de ltrcnDng nacin i oeei CONNECTIONS 7 D r a w i r c.-.CBSERVATION 5 70 Snould have Cone /.l.o r: n c J c h : J l . cai SPOTTHEDIFFERENCE 3 52 Passive (Preseni per.:_ :'. .c tar€ ! 1f g r I II ( Prctunc.iect l-re :ra?i oo3'n'is peen aielJec. .-cCroe-Gane 2 exlension 72 Nlrsr r'rale ccng He mi.t.:as: r'e..ayer.e :Jsi aotac ta ca samg wark THEWORDORDERGAME2 70 snould nave done you snauia heve drivec nc:a s. ^jl^':3rt1-: -. cac.r n e 9 i .'.l oz i::. Eaia voJ eve.sert e . s.:-:e: 68 ::: MEMOFIY8 { I I dil I n t f1 92 MEMORY 7 A : r ' e r l a aar r : : . i:r G3ia.1€ .r^ ---- Vl:- IIIiEMCRY7 Fec'.'n. DC when I was 12. a . .r wgre /u-<illefinT ar ine aJs Vias ocrnc ic yoij nere lusl eanq ic Qei a. 54 56 J.J J . Long SentenceGarne 50 PaSt Ferfect CCnl nUou: -<?ej Ceer i. tass9. J n .]S cat? 't: i neel l::. . :a.. 3 a = : iJl.€c 60 l n v e n l i o nG a m e :ii\'a scmglnl. 54+ MEMORY 9 ?5 INDEX 96 Idi I c I I .:1. .ea paS:COrtri:ratS .?-:.:':.a.t OU: C^ C fr€€n: SlOe_. tne Dos.s a.h "Spraa'...J PRONUNCIATION -i: 84 P : o n un a t a t t o n F n v m r n oC o u p i e t s 64 V c : r r cG a m e 84 88 64 MEMORY 3 89 64 MEMORY 4 \lt ob MEMOHY 5 s :- DO D ! F F E H E N ] E S2 Dt' I i^l s- .^B wa:- OBSERVATICN 6 . : : 9 MEMORY 2 T r u eo : F a l s e ei x : e r s r J n Irl f d I Ronroi 87 62 ?. 3 c " a D a .:^e torry ieiairve passrvg Hcs Dee^ o:19.. .Ji\ . ' i : n . Present Perleci Slmole I ve known Anne for tuvovears.PeSi 9gq.rar.::.ave !':a aia. l h a v e o t n e l n c .: Dann. J\J--3a'i. beei to New York2 i.ention Ganie 80 \i.aa Pas: Ct::. c ' : .I.n2 c-is:ce :19 F/gJJ.' . OgSERVATION 4 Pl:asa l n v e n t i cG n ame D C ' S C nI n C OU HavS Sc. ..hai: 58 :ayri:i.v9-s/C.e.'v€ 3ss:.'::. .a LongSentencesGame PresentContrnuouslm stav/ngwttha fnena called Annrc.1a' . eoinc oui wtth? '-'.--^-3.: s : verf * lC Inli:rirvei €:-sa I: Tct€ .: tt: j.ia.'.rsn l.Jsl .ei\ i\. MEMORY 5 50 past Perfect Contrnuous 6e..glle tra.. -- i: .re s5oa/iJ /lav€ cteane1 nts t.. : 1.3' 80 ' 4 . srr.. c { e Jn ' . .t-tJa t ":ir r.e 56 Tne Wc.aae G e n e : aK l ncwiecge Quiz to E+. -r arr!ai'.-ciaircr :oiJsi:. Sirouldn l na\rs ocne lo! srouti]n i have ovena^e.oio^r:r...< oetngnea! a ooQ.

MIME GAME lmperative:Comeae.a doctor.ixtehtCion lmperative Dividethe classintosmallteamsof two to threeplayers. The instructions are then readout to the restof the classwhc havetc t-\ Ic guesswho ts saytngrne woros. Againget the clas-c tc guessv.J I d t trl il f t t-J l-l l{ E: I .rlc. And so on.I t. ! t h e s a m et i m e . a gangleader.c:os Ccne ortr neie.writea set of instructions wnichcouldbe said€ C::.Appcintteam secretaries. helpedby the restof theirteam.Then withthe use of gesturesanc:ir. an art army officer. a prtest.a boss.vcr. please.ri'\\.rnt::-le ge: ni:: or ne: rc cor:recut and totn y o u a t t h e f r o n lo f t h e c l a s s r o o mA. a differentinstructor to thoseon page 7.Yourmimedoes not haveto b€ \'e!'i.a oc-ii-vourself instructor.piease Get the attentionof a studentand withthe use of gesturesarJ .g.anito sa\ Ncc. a policeman.e sJ/enceteacner. The team secretaries. I d .l[.i-tne rntmeine more the studentswill haveto use lanouageto guesswhatvou \\.g.n. Hints: Make sure that the playersfully understandthe instructionsby askingdetailedcomprehension guestionsafterthe matchingtask has been completed.'tJi reac wren scrneDocv comesup withthe rtghtanswer. The first player Workingindividually to do this correctlYis the winner.rr"ueIn the sarnev.c t ' D o i n t r nIcc .nJ.e.gcoa-t:: lcre arate.. UCn ONS QIt lZ' . cr i ' i l ni n e u s e o f gestures. e. Slandup..rnegel:rrestuoenlic sii oo. rnstructions to. promptthis studentand the restof the classto s::p{y. ptease.Diease oi Comehere.i 3 . I . ' m c J l ! a .a flying instructor..'hattne instruction fcr this rs: Sll oow.-l il i !"H' b l I i *l t { il !t rJ D. e.the playershaveto matchthe instructions to an instructor. c or in pairs.Takevour sweaterofi DieeseSl.: on the ironi ciease Then get the studentyou havedemonstrateo the actrvrt5' wrthro cnocseanotnerstudenirc orveneu. Don't overtakeyet. .a! withotherinstructions. o fmperative: Keep straighton. .

ra fr a I -. dancing teacher 3. ' ^ ) t . \ ...r T 2 lr i:q I I sv . swimming instructor C'. ..\'-Y'.t i ELl '. <oon fil in s i r u c t o r H F} >/'/9 a\R:? vAl . ..6" .. )-r *\'\if 1.i . i S tn_ a n g u a g-e€ a c h i n g . I . theatre director t =l I I I I . //(^ tIE 5. a .. .3 n n P . drivtng instructor g'6t6 7.F € 3 . .' + t F+ Rlb. . nurse 4. language teacher 9.= : : .-:.3 . : . .: .. . tennrs coach 6. : . cookery teacher 8.'/ ry \ 2.II I I I I t I i II I -l Which instructoris givingwhich instruction?Write the number in the box next to the correctinstruction.^ E ^ g . u m b1 9 9 5 : _ : .

Whatis it? (An umbrelta) Dividethe classintoteamsof two to threeplayers. Theteamsecretaries. Thefirstteam Io guesswhaitneoDiect is scores1 point.The stickis usuatlymakeof metaland it hasgot a curved end whichformsa handle.Eachteamhasonlyoneguess. skin colouring. I I t I ! I i It il I I I 'l I I I i . The team secretaries shouldcrossout any duplicate adjectiveson their listswhich are read out by anotherteam. withthe helpof the restof theirteam. At the end the team with the most adlectives left is the winner. Forexample: It hasgot a long stick.For exampie: Age old . Tellthe classthatyouare goingto readout a description for themto guesswhatit is. The weatherisn'tcold.writeas manyadjectivesas they can thinkof undereach heading.usuallycottonor a syntheticfabric.but it is a little cool.r Adjectives: freezing.haveto writea similardescription fcr a ditferent obtect.theteamwiththe mostpointsis thewinner Hints:Youccutdenenotnrsgameby gettingtheteamsto writedescriptions of well-xnown personaiitres fortheotnerteamsto quess. personatity.At theend.writethe adjectives underthe appropriate firstteamto correctly heading.The frameis coveredwith material. boiling Dividethe classintoteamsof two to threeplayers.On thetop of the stickis a meal frame. helpedby the restof theirteam.heavy.Appointteamsecretaries.Heipthemwiththeirdescriptions if necessarv. Beginto readthedescription.Appointteamsecretaries. young Weight heavy light Build slim thin Hair colour blond oarK Personality kind generous Set a ten-minute time limit.tooks. Eachteam then readsout theirlistsof adjectives. Hints:Whenthe teamsreadouttheiranswersyoucouldaskthemto put eachadjective intoa sentence whichillustrates the meaningof the word. Thismateriat s waterproofed.extension Size Taste nuge sour minutebitter tiny sweet enormous spicy large salty massive Dtano Colour light pale oarK lluorescent dull Adjectives(Describingpeople):old. intelligence.buitd.stim Write up the followingcategories:age.Forexample: Therewasa freezingwindand ice everywhere.The categorise the wordsis the winner.Theycaneitherinterrupt you as thedescription is beingreadoutor guessat the endwhenyouhavefinishedreadingit. Tellthe team secretartesto write down the categoryheadingsand then. with the help of the rest of their team. DESCRIPTION GAME Adjectives(Describingobjects): tt hasoot a tong sucK. weight.Theteamsthenhaveto guesswhatthe objectsdescribec by theotherteamsare. cool. hair colour.height.Thehandleis usuallymadeof woodor ptastic.check that the adjectivesare appropriatefor the headinq. Theteamseoretaries. coliectalltnefinished descriptions andbeginto readthemout. ANSWERS: Temperature Texture f roazinn cool boiling icy warm chilly rough smooth hard soft dry sharp Shape rectangular oval square circular round triangular CATEGORIESI .

..^rA5v"' chilly c\rcu\ar light b\and fen. (\\$u'- -z uo\\\nq r coor freezing :" rougn nuge sweet oval pale sharp sarty dark 'a(O qOU*' sour b''ott hard 'lia(S enormous ."""- FI t YNr '. r .l l I I I I l l l GAtrE@@RIEST in the correctcategory.f _\ . "tang(J/er round rnassrye soft . Put theseadjectives ^^l ..rP.rq( Temperature Texture Shape treezirtg i L I I t T I I t I I I t l @ Colin Grangerand John Plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching...

waterin a glass.g. Placethe objectson a tableor desk.someof the paper'cltDs.bread. Ask the playersin TeamA to look at what is on the tablefor one minure.There isn'tas muchpaper. Score2 pointsfor eachcorrectobservation expressedin correctEngirsh. II I t t There are more mistakes(in the letter). Make sure that some of these things are uncountable nouns. coins. At the end.the playerswritedownthe differences timelimit. get Team B to take arvay. Therearen'tas many pens (in the drawer). Workingindividually or in pairs. e. bread.books. string. . i I l i t I rl ti I d . There tsn'tas much viater. I As manylAsmuch + Countable/Uncountable Nouns: Therearen'tas manypaper-clips.lor example. There are more letters (in the in-tray). .paper-clips.some of the coins. some o! tne sting.Thereis more rubbish.withoutTeamA seeing.fI t { 1n I . Forexample: There aremore envelopes on the desk. ergntobrects TeamA then come backto the tableand trv to sav what therearen'tas manvirsn't as muchof. Thereisn'tas much money(in the box). Therearen'tas many files(on the desk). I .g. pencils. WHATS AFFERENT? t I .Then. Seta five-minute The playerwiththe mostcorrectsentencesis the winner. Therearen'tas many stampson the desk.A and B. material. There is less water. Youwill need a large numberof differentobjectsior this game. Thereis moretea (in the cup). Dividethe ciassintotwo teams. water.Therearen'tas many stamps. ANSWERS: ". betweenpictureA and pictureB. Hints:Youcouldalsc playthis game to practisefewerand less: There are fewer paper-clips.the team withthe most pointsis the winner.1 MorelAs manylAs much + CountableAJncountable Nouns: Thereare more envelopes.Thereis more rubbish in the rubbishbin.bui onlv 1 porntif tne grammar is wrong.some of the watertn the gtess. salf. etc. Thereisn'tas much glue (in the pot).RepeatwithTeamB. Thereisn't as much water. e. For example: There aren't as many paper-clips. Hints:Aftertheplayershavecompletedthe gameyou couldask lhem wherethe objectsin question are in pictureB. etc In all they shouldchangethe toralamountor quantityo. There is more string (in the drawer).

I t Billgrence $potthc I Writewhatis different Comparethe two pictures. 8 t I ! @ ColinGrangerand John Plumb1995 Publishedby!'r::*19 stluPs 'lherc rsn'L sornu*tFWr. . I I I I t I T II I I i = 1 I I h tI I h Use thesewords: /efters mistaKes strll. 6. in pictureB. tI 5. I 7. ti Tler?glgm?f uYgtg?gl -ltwre a. Findeightmoredifferences in pictureB.. ittee v \e? 11 K Xe" . pens rnonev g\uo -ltttue yrtcre rvWish .

Exampleactions: I I I I I I I I want you to pass me your pens. She wantshim to buy her an ice cream.The team box+ the ANSWERS: fact. He wants him to throw him the ball. Mime the actionfor him or her and the class to guess: Do you wantme to telephoneyou? (Shake your head.the more questionsyour studentswill haveto ask. Aftera while you could get the studentsto write down ideasfor the rest of the classto completethe sentenceswith wanthim/her/them phrases the with most correct sentences is thewinner. want you to switch onioff the light. He wants them to fetch him a deckchair. at the bottomof the box. Go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass. 6. He wants her to dry him with a towel. 8. want you to open the window. 4. but gesturethere is more. Yourmime does not haveto be good to do this activity. want you show me your identity card. I I I T t t t I I I T I I I I ! I I I I 12 I .Write an actionon a piece of paper. want you to give me some money.I wantyou to writeyour telephonenumber. 5. want you to get me a dilnk of water.)Do you wanthim to writesomething?(Nod your head.)Do you want me to write my name? (Shakeyour head.Y Want+ ObjectPronouns+ 7o Infinitive:She wants him to buy her an ice cream. Tellthe classthat you are goingto mime an actionwhich they haveto guess. MIME GAME Want+ Object Pronouns+ Io Infinitive:. + infinitive verbs fo of the at the top of the the team. want you to fetch me my bag. 3. She wants them to show her the magazine.g. 7.Thendividethe classintoteamsof two to threeplayers helpedby the restol Seta ten-minute time limitfor the teamsecretaries.? questions. andappointteamsecretaries. want you to help me clean the board.sometimeschoosingindividualstudentsto demonstratethe mime with and sometimestwo or more studentsso as to prompt:Do you want us/them..) Do you want him to write his telephonenumber? Say: That'snght Continuewith other actions.Choosesomeoneto demonstratethe mime with. the more amateurthe mime. He wantsher to pass him a drink. She wants him to bring her a bucket. Repeatthe mime if they are findingguessingdifficultand give verbalhintsif necessary. She wantshim to helo her builda sandcastle.. 2. I wantyou to writeyour telephonenumber.e.

nts hivnto bug her an tcecreqrvl. ..(el buy cry fetch help pass thro\^l an ice cream a drink -.s e i n e s e' / / o r o s : :..W h a t d o t h e s e c h i l d r e nw a n t t h e i r p a r e n t st o d o ? I I I I I l -l t t I I I I t I t .O t I t .h?\( a decKc the magazine show with a tower 'r\e e2. the bair .r: :-c.: c ( a t : h e p i c t u r eo f a b e a c h . a :*fldc3:"' brr\\d Srie wa..

Possiblesituations:(Adaptto the knowledgeof yourclass. Why did you say'Don't be stupid' to your rnend Tomyesterday? 10. thankyou'to you:.e. Why did you say 'That'svery nice o! you' tc your netghbouryesteroay? 9. Why did you say'l promise' to your teacheryesieroay? 6. Somebodyhad tied a littleboy to a chair. withthe mostcorrectsentences ANSWERS: 'l il Somebodyhad turned on the TV. I'd been horricle to her. Why did you say'l hope so' to your friend Bilt yesterday? 7. Why did you say'No. Why did you say'Be careful' to an old vlcmanyesie:tav? 4. the team withthe most Dointsis the wrnner I 14 I . I'd justgiven her a sweet. for example. l'd forgottenher birthday. Go throughtheexamplewiththe wholeclass.Explainthat they should stilltry to attemptan answereven if they do not fully understandthe situationyou have read out as they are not allowedto ask you questionsduringthe game.I Past Perfect Simple: Somebodyhad turned on tne w.At the end.if they are unableto find an explanation or writedowntheir answerin time they should go on to the next situationas soon as you start readingit. Somebodyhad taken the flowersout of the vase. For example: I'd just stepped on her foot. Somebodyhad opened the cupboard.workingindividually or in teamsof two to three players.) { { . Somebodyhad broken a plate.g.esterday? 8.fnendAnna yesterday? I I I d Then get the studentsto read out theiranswers. Why did you say'Thank you' to ycur mother yesterciay? 3.Then. Seta five-minute time limitforthemto do this. INVENTION GAME Past Perfect Simple: I'd juststeppedon her foot.Award1 pointfor eacn appropnare response. Preparea list of promptsituationsto elicitpast perfectsimpleforms. Somebodyhad eaten all the sandwiches.Set a time limitof two minutesafier each one for the teams to discussand for the team secretariesto write down their answers. Why did you say'That's terrible' to vour frrend Susan vestercay? 5.Also give an exampleof an inappropriate explanation.The player/team is the winner.Also explainthat. 1 I 1 Why dtd you say'Don't do that again' to your frienCllarry vesterday? 2.Explainthat the teams haveto write an appropriateexplanationfor the situationsyou read out to them usingthe past perfect simple. the playerswritedownthe ditferences betweenpictureA and pictureB. Read out the situations. Dividethe classinto teams of two to three playersand appointteam secretaries. Somebodyhad spiltthe orangeiuice.Why did you say 'l'm sorry' to your friendMary yesterday?As an example. Why did you say 'l can't' to your father v. Somebodyhad drawn a pictureon the wall.elicitfrom the class what possibleexplanationthere could be for this.

.e v e r y t h i nw tv rtli{"" {\ ) i h ft But by the timeshe got back . I I - 7 ta e I.nas birthdaypartylastweekend. t3 . Sgrg bociyhao\4urnC 2. : : j e : i h e c a k e ...t . /O dvL44LTt/. 3. U s e t h e s ev e r b s : eat _ ". F I ' - -:t- + <. 4. I h h [rrf- lh- E i g n tt h i n g sh a d h a p p e n e oi n P t c t u r eB Try io findthem.rod$o p e n t lako ^ " vut of sPill T \u(n on 't I I t I It s b\o rr.- : . ..Whenher motherleftthe room g a sf i n e .-^ $pottheBiflsrense2 F I t.rasT.

They got in a window and took ner vrcjeoand CD ptayer.He is really surprised becausehe only started revtstngat the last moment. SomeoneI know has faltenmadly in love. A I've lost my car keys.l1e thinkshe looks much more handsome with it. H I'veboughta new only cost€16.He was seeing anotherwoman.e. C I've hurt myself. Someone I know has iust split up with her boyfriend. 8.Seta ten-minute timelimitto complete the game. ANSWERS wErrySQU|Z 1.n a moustache. E I've lound a job. Preparea listof newsitemswith one or two sentencesabouteach one givingnroredetailedinformatrcn abcut tne news. I 16 { I .Then.I walkedrntoa wall. Present Perfect Simple: SomeoneI know hasgrow. SomeoneI know hasgrown a moustache. 6. I saw a notice in the paper. 4. D I'vebeen to the dentist's. G I've passedmy exam.for example. SomeoneI know hasiust had an operation.I had two fillings.T PresentPerfectSimple: l've lostmy car keys. SomeoneI know has iust passed his examination.He said I was took him weeksto grow. 3. SomeoneI know hasiust had her flat burgted.two v.I cut my hand on a tin. I It { Yourstudentscouldthen inventnews items for the rest of the class to ouess.He had to have a general anaesthetic and he's stil in nospttat.They were in my bag.Give one or two examplesbeforeplayingthe game.He can't sleep at night sincehe mether at a party and tatKs about ner ali the time.I got 98 out of '100! 7. She'sfeeting very sad but is pleased that it'sall over between them.. Shehad an argumentwtth her boss andher bcsseave he.workingindividually or in teamsof twoto three. Example news items: ScmeoneI know has iusi tosiher job. SomeoneI xnow has just wan a prtze in the lottery.Then allow time for the teams to discusswhat the nelt.awarding'1 pointto teams guessingthe correctanswer.scould be and for the team secretariesto write down their answerusingthe took him wbeksto grow.the playersmatchthe peoplein the pictureswiththe sentences theyare saying. 5. Go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass.He thinkshe looks reallyhandsomewith it.'eeks' notice. Past Simple:. B I'vebrokenmy glasses. Say.He was itlfor a long time and didn't feet tpe eatina. Present Tenses: He thinkshe looksmuch more handsome with it.i-jes gong to spend the money on a new car. SomeoneI know has tosta tot of weight.The player/team withthe mostcorrectsentences is the winner. F I'vehad a big argumentwith my boyfriend.It was the first trme he'd bouant a ticket. I I i I tl r! I I. 2. Explainto the classthat they haveto guesswhat news has happenedfrom some information you are goingio givethem.g. Dividethe classintoteamsof two to threeplayersand appointteam secretaries.Theyshouldthencomplete the sentences withthe presentperfectsimpleor the pastsimpleof the verbsin the box. lt took him weeks to grow. PastSimple: Theywerein my bag. Piay the game.

.a . . II myglasses'I""""""' . : c s t m Yc a r k e Y s .mvcarkevs' """ !16' .i l q 14 't'39 h 9 6 o 6 I n/ . ' I | . .: . . fr rhev"d'?fe-""" inmvbas .I CONNESTIONS t t t p h o n e ?M a t c ht h e p e o p l e a r e : n e s ep e c p l es a y i n go n i h e e s e n l e n c e sb e l o w tI t D. . vc: t q ' A r lVg. l ' v e b r o k e nm Y g l a s s e s ' O oo oo aa oo ( T n e n c o m P l e t et h e s e n t e n c e s ' :f U s e t h e s ev e r b s : I buJ' ^x' 100' ' Y\\ " t cuil P€ss cost. . lOSt : I| . . . ..: . n e ws k i r t l' t o n l y t o t h e d e n t i s t ' s| ' " " " " " " " ' t w of i l l i n g s ' a It t fr f. n E r g l i s hL a n g u a g eT e a c h i n g ' 17 "intoawall' I was stupid ) .a. j- t t .. ' e n u r i m Y s e l. l ' v e p a s s e dm Y e x a m ' l ve hada bigargument with rly boYfriend 6 . I I t II.: : : .e b e e nt o t h e d e n t l ssi . .f I v e f o u n da j o b . Ir 3 3 : ^ 3 ' a .. 6 a big argumentwith my boyfriend'He """" 8. .. ' ec c u g h ta n e w s k l n '.3 e r 3 . dJ c h n P ' u m b1 9 9 5 = . .

wilte. Write well nealty Work hard lazily Drive badly /d5l Dance Sing t lt rmcinr tt alaa2nll\/ r.'oexamplesfcr each category tc shcwtnem what you mean.srng.the playershaveto decidewhichspeechballoonfits bestwithwhich is thewinner.'lf youre late aqainyou'llloseyour job. 1 0 .'she said patiently.e. I r'iiso roler). 'l 5. she said playersto readwhattheyhavewrittenfor eachof the adverbsanddiscusswhichsentencebestexpresses the meaninoof the€ team witn the mcsi adverbso{ mannerieft ts the v. untileverybodyhas had a turn.alr.anCsc on.Appointteam secretaries.).'she said kindly. INVENTIONS GAME 7 . 'Please. Dividethe class intc teams of two to three players.could you? she sardnccefully.e a dc u i b .eaL Explainthat the team secretaries.g. sre sarcsaory.ver: ls i: a gocd worc for me? istili enthusiasirciNo. 'l won'tcome. 8.ers.c v.e.inarasi? Writean adveroo{ manneron a slrpo' oaper. ' iearr At tre enci. 'Gei ou1of mv wavl she sald aogressively F ^ ^ t^ -^ /. e ' Di n c o n l u n c t i own i t h a n a p p r o D r t avi ee r bf o i ' t n er e s io f i h e ciass:c.kindly.'teamsreaa lJ: in3r'ans\i. ii'it so. ^ [^ ^ ^ i! ^ ^ - l I l t I I Adverbs of Manner: My. r n i n ut ti m e ei r m i tT.'Letme help you.cnstc itno o.reproachfully.haveto writedown as manyacpropriate adverbsof manner as they can thinko{ for each of the six verb categories.'r.The playerwiththe mostcorrectsentences playersto try to readthe Hints:Aftertheclasshascompleted the gameyoucouldget individual sentencesas suggestedby the adverbs(sadly. E x D r a rtrh a ti r e c r s h e m u s l m i m et h e a : r . for example: laughingly. ciess. scn writesverv well.Jtwnat is writtenon tne slrpof paper.lir.The plaverthen cornesback intotne rcom and asks questrons ro find oui wnat adverbthe othershavechosen.etc.shakrnc or noddingnis or her head The ciayerwno ouessesthe rightanswerthen gets the chanceto mimethe nex:adverbfor. Hand the sirpc{ capertc a Dlaver. -<ies3.iearn. Whentheyhavedonethis.' t. she saidstubbornly. Eitherwritethe adverbsycurselfor. Youcouldextendthe game.vdrivingtest. lChecxthat ali the r e m a r l n ga c v e r D a s r e a c p i ' 3 p l a r et c t h e v e r b s . vt h e o i n e I S e : a i e n .I Adverbsof Manner:'Shutup!'shesaidanorilv. adoreyoul' she saic passionately. Write up a list of verbs. get tnemto writetheirown aoverosto mrme. if the piayerswish.for example'. moodily.Tne DlaveipcrnaDschocsesto mime cjriveoanoercusit'T:le resi ci the ciasshavetc ask quesi.nervously. writingup a listof otheradverbsof mannerwhichcan describehowsomeonesayssomething. e.afurtnerrounCwith new verbs./tnnei.the class choose by.'-lie. 6.g.. Youv'triteverl neatly..patiently.tneothersto guess.t Su rulry. Hints:A.r: rs Pia.' 5r rg -dru .jokingly.wistfully. sulkily. I I Workingindividually or in pairs.'Youccuion'ileno me some monev.€t't'w.As tne othe. 'l ve passedm. Plaver: 18 II I . helpedby the rest of theirteam.'she said shyly.g. Are ycu dnvinga car?Are you dnvingfast? Are ycu orivtngouicrcty? The playerdoingtne mimeshcuidansv. Theplayersthenhaveto writea sentence for eachadverbof mannersimilarto thosegiven.e. ' 11 .'l don'tmind waiting. drive. 4. coolly. work. For examoie.ticpiay. don'tlookat me.' I I Eat stow. tne team s i c i e i a l e s s n o u i cc r c s so u i a n y a o v e r D o Sn t n e i ri i s t sw h r c ha r e t h e s a m ea 3 i : : s e .enthusiastically.v.g. ANSWERS: 2. Write up one or tv. dangercusly. paint. ls ii a pleasant word? (answervery entnustasticaltyi )'e. 3.c.<. hesitantly.withthe helpof the class. ) Hints: Ybucc.variantolthrs qame is whereeacfrplayerin turn gces out of the rocm wn!retne resi oi the classtnlnkof an adverbfor htm oi' her Io guess. . adverbof mannerin the list. n e r g e t e a o ht e a mt o r e a do u t t n e i rl r s l sI n r J : r -J S r n ca c c r t c r e r es e n i e n c e . 9 .'a). r: isn't.guess. I CHABADES { Adverbs of Manner: Are vcu srit..

. Ii r F II r I I 11.J Jdru ^^^ uP l' ^tr^ : JrrE ^^. !' she said aggressively I:' .I') I T $ t GONilFCTIONS2 H o wd o y o u t h i n kt h e s es e n t e n c easr e s a i d ?C o n n e ctth e s e n t e n c ew s i t ht h e m o s ta p p r o p r i a taed v e r b ..1isrs6by HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching. . O Cciin Grangerand John plumb 1995 D:-. h tI I h [i?w ryub{ : I C I h @ f :i fr J T I F o re x a m p l e : 1 . . t Stl. .t. ar igr ily. ..' .

Who'schasingsomebodyarounClhe fountain?G '1 B Who'splayingin the fountarntA PresentContinuous+ Prepositions of Movement: Someoneis cominqtntoa rocm.The teamwith the mostcorrectquestions is the winner. Peoplegoingupicomingdown stairs. Who'scrossingthe bridge?| 5.Then shareout tne prcturesand cai'dstr. etc. Tne piaversfii'sicheckwhetnerthe descriptions on theircaros matchthe picturestney have in therr possesston T . Who'scomingintothe park?O 1 6 . Seta five-minute timelimitfor the teamsecretaries. Who'srunningtowardsthe kiosk?K 11. etc. helpedby the restol the team'to complete the questions withthe presentcontinuous of theverbsin the box. Who'scyclingawayfrom the kiosk?M 12. Who'sfalltnginto the lake?E 2. Something is climbing into something.pavements. You will need two to three picturesfor each studentin yourclass.Use someone.The firstplayerto havematchedall his or her carcs with the rrghtpicturesis the v. Who'sioggingpastthe park?H 15. Tryto makeeach description uniqueto one o{ tne pictures(i. Who'sliftinga chilooverthe wall?P 9. Who'sclimbingup the rope?L 7. Write each cjescription on a separaiecard.h e ys h o u l dt h e n m o v ea r o u n dt h e r o o mt e l l r n go t h e rp l a y e r st h e i rd e s c r i p t r o n s andswapprng prctureswith otherplayers. i'aridomoroer.peoplecomingout ofigoinginto buildingsand rooms.isomething preposiirons and of rnovement.Thendividethe classintoteamsof two to threeplayers andappointteamsecretaries.Peoplegettingintoron(to)iout of buses. Who'sjumpingacrossthe stream?D 3.e rl shouidonllrfir one o1the ploli'ires tr' youi'ccllection). escalaiors.animalsand vehiclesmovingabout.PresentContinuous+ Prepositionsof Movement: Whois fallinginto the take? Go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass. Trv to coverall the prepositionsintroducedin Observation2. ANSWERS: 1.W n os g o i n go u t o f t h e p a r k ?J 17.For examole: l'\r r'l a.inner.trains.etc. Who'scrawlingthroughthe tunnel?N 6.etc.bridges.. L/uiuu! prurures rrommagazinesof scenesinvoivingpeople. Who'ssiftingnext to the kiosk?B PICTURESEARCH 10.r+ nia+r '. cars.For example. Wrrteiwo or threesentencesdescribingeach picture.steps.n^ t t t t . Peoplewalkingalongroads. I {-^- Someone is coming into a room. I I I 1 I I I { 20 I .Choosepicturesyou can describewith at leasttwo difierent sentencesinvolving prepcsittons of movement. Who'sswimmingunderthe bridge?C 4. Who'slyingundera tree? R 14. Who'sslidingdown the slope?F 6. Whos standinginsidethe kiosk?e 13. Peopleor vehiclesgoingundei-lover bridges. Peoplewalkingacrossroads.

a c h i l do v e r t h e w a i l ?. Who F 9.. . .W h o t I O ColinGrangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HernemannEnglishLanguageTeaching.. ..$' 6'" . a c r o s st h e s t r e a m ? 3. Who . .nlo UYv'" . . . .W h o .. Who . . . . . Who . . . . . .a w a yf r o m t h e k i o s k ? I 12. .: : -n - ^ ^ . .Who . u n d e ra t r e e ? 14. .. . . d o w nt h e s l o p e ? { I 8.r\ \\'- I slz. s o m e b o d va r o u n dt h e f o u n t a i n ? .^ '/l ptaY . . .l t rI I r l ' 2. t h r o u g ht h e t u n n e l ? s\\de c f^ "rotld 6.> vo iog \\- JUmp t . . . . . . .'. .. . . . . Who F h rf . . \^. . . . .. . . Who up the rope? 7.. . . thebridge? 5. . .Who . .^ v v r u 5 ta(ttrV4 \. ./Db c\- t )_2 \--a* .Who .p a s t t h e p a r k ? 15. Who . . .o u t o f t h e p a r k ?. n e x tt o t h e k r o s k ? 10. . . . . Who i n t ot h e l a k e ? E .t o w a r d st h e k i o s k ? 1 1 .Who I 1 8 .Who . . 2j /o* o- e\. .i n t ot h e p a r k ? I F 1 6 .W h o I 17. .i n t h e f o u n t a i n ?. . _t c^ vvI cfoso .. r _ : : : ^. .i n s i d et h e k i o s k ? I 13. . .. . . . .r- I ERURTION2 I I I I I ! J c ( a t t h r s p i c t u r eo f a p a r k a n d c o m p l e t et h e q u e s t i o n sb e t o w .. . . . . a'll' d tI \a\ il _ : s.2. . . . Who gr\ u n o e rt h e b r i o g e ? "UD 4. .

Theyshouldthenwrite the nounsunderthe correctpictures.inneris the ieam with tne . baby 2. E x a m p l el i s t o f n o u n s : ( A d a p t o t h e k n o w i e o gaen d i e v e lo f y o u r . a wool sweater CONNECTIONS 3 .to writedcwn a lrstof c o m p c u n dn o u n s . a gold ring 4.Then sei a ten-minute time limiifor the team secretaries. tin opener a 11. helpedby the rest of theirteams. a shoppingbag '14. a sportscar 12. a video cassette 5. ANSWERS: 1. l i I drug addict girlfriend nnltia nnonar lawnmower bus station screwdriver tce cream snoe snop cictheshanger snovvflake corKscrew table lamp uayut Ydr r I tracksuit doorknob watting room ne hvcillar 'l booxshelf t { I {z { I .sitter Writetwo listsof nounswhichtogethermakecompoundnouns on the board.Pointingto the Jirstnoun in the list on the lefl-handsloe of the board. a film star 7. Then go throughan examplewiththe wholeclass. The v. screw t It dilver apener shelf sitter Dividethe classintotearnsof two to threeplayersand appointteam secretaries.qet the classto say whatnoun in the right-handlistcan be linkedto it to form a compound noun. a car key 8. a toothbrush '10.the playersmatchthe pictureswithcompound nounsmadeup fromthe listsof nouns. an alarmclock 1 7 .workingindividually or in teamsof twoto three..The listsshould be written in jumbledorder. a trafficjam 2. book 3.for example: 1.rCompound Nouns: a trafficjam Go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass. set a ten-minute time limitto complete the game.a n o i l w e l l 18. a tenniscoach 6.The player/team withthe mostcorrectwordsis the winner. a clothesshop 15. c i a s s . a nightctub 3.Then."i-rost correctanswers. a taxi driver 9. a greenhouse 13.extension I I I I I t Compound Nouns: baby. bottie 4. a crossroads 16.

......] Goilr{EcTloils3 II t two nounsin the box. I .' 17.. Writea phrasefor eachpictureby connecting i t t T tt t t g"N{FfrZ o I 2."""" traffic taxr gold alarm qn^rte oil video cross wool tennis tooth night car shopping tin dTAAN clothes 13.. i- 9. T I @ C o l i nG r a n g e a r n d J o h nP l u m b1 9 9 5 Pubiished n n g i i s hL a n g u a g e by HeinemanE Teaching IJ B" /s ow f:o .. 11. 12... ( \ 9). I h T ..# ( l''j&. vd9 club nouse nnanor roads well cassette clock driver sweater star 16.. key coach Jam brush nng shop 14. 1 r T T I t I 10. 18.*l \ @ :s' s I 7 I 8.

Manoloclimbeornro tne back as the lorry stoppedat the edge of the road to let some cars past.He wasn'tsittingon the floor.'Yes. Givesomegeneraladviceaboutpreparing the stories(seeabove). Therewas a lot of trafficand by the time he got to the other side of the amazing coincidence thathappened to you. Dividethe class into teams of two to three playersand appointteam secretaries.he had a big is easierto basethe falsestoryon trueeventsandthendistonor exaggerare certaindetails.Manolocoulcnt believ€nts iucK:i.But then he noticedhis schoolbus at the bus stop acrossthe roaC. thepastcontinuous.le when lr. 'Youre early.Explain thatyouaregoingto tellthemtwostoriesandthaitheythenhaveto decicje whichstoryis trueandwhichfalse.'his lathersatd.t-hebus had left. Past Continuous:lt wasgettingdark.Hand out page 25 and give the teams five minutesto study and memorisethe picture.He was sure rnev wcurcce v€ry angry. Makesurethatthe storiescontainexamples of the pastsimple.Make it clearthai they haveto choosebetweenthe past simple.lhan thinking of an entirelyfictitious story.He lookeddown.' TRUEON FALSE? PastSimple.twas gcingIc Rosario.the past continuousand the past perfectsirnple. I I I I I I II I Manoloran up the hill to his house.The iorry'llas iul o{ pios.a smalltownjust past his village.There would be a icl of iorriesleavingthe marketand goingdown the main coast roadpasi his viliace. Set a twenty-minute time limit. lJanoicwas in the lorryand he was on hrsway home.Tellthe storiesto the classandthengivethe pairstimeto cjiscuss togetherbeforegettingthemto voteon the answer. whiletheothershouldcontain thingsthatareexaggerated or untrue.Both storiessnouldbe abouteventsthathappened to youin the past.lanolo bus stop for their children.e. Next. Hand out page 87 and go throughthe examplewith the whole class.Manolo. the pastperfectsii'nple andthe pastperfectcontinuous.He nacjmisseohrs bus and therewasn'tanotherbus to his villagefor two hours. Photocopy pages 25 and 87 to ptay this game. Finally. get eachpairto telltheirstoriesto the restof the class.Seta timelimitfor the preparation.PastContinuous: Pastperfect Simple.the schoolbus hadn'tarrived.The classthenvoteon the answerafter eachpairhascompleted theirstories.Someparentswere waitinoar r.When Manolosat downon the fioorof the lorry. When Nlanologot to the market.Then get the teams to cover or hand vou back page 25.n Past SimpfezHe stoppedon top of the steps.Onestcryshouldbe trueIn everyoetarl.he was sittingon somethingvery sof1.Rather.Tnev smried when tne-vsaw theirson.When he openedthe ooor.He stoppedon top of th€ stepsto soeakto a frienc.getthe pairsto preparestoriesto tellthe class. The team secretaries.He had lo qet home somehowby seven. Beforepreparing theirstories.repliedManoto.Thesestoriesshouldn't takelongerthanthreeminutes to tell.a lorrywas pullingout of the entrance.Eachstudenttellsonestoryabouthim or hersetf.. Manotciookedat his watch:it was frveto srx and his parentswere expectinghim nome at seven.theyshouldfirstdecidewhosestoryis goingto be trueand whosefalse.Chooseevents thaiwere extraordinary in someway.The team with the most correctanswersis the winner. jumpedoff the lorryin his village.helpedby the rest of their was a lareeprq.'but l m afraidI m also a Dlt smell1.PastPerfectContinuous Prepare twc stories to telltheclass. then write down the answersto the questions.his parentswere siflrncat the table. Past PerfectSimple: The bushad teft.Thentellthe classthe answer..He quicklywavedgoodbyeto his friencand ran down the stepsand acrossthe road. 24 I . Then ne had an idea. Dividetheclassintopairs.They must not look back at the first page while doingthis.Therewas a marketa few hundredmelresdown the roadwnrchtrnrshecai srx. It was gettingdark when Manologoi out of school.Therewas no time to speakto tne oriver.

r { a":? a ' . I I i ll l @ ColinGrangerand John Plumb1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching 25 d . I T I I a It La t i T I I t i 2 t . Nowrookatthesecond I (r?t v t I . o.I I L o o ka t t h i s p i c t u r es t o r y .Y o u h a v ef i v em i n u t e st o m e m o r ' r " ' t ' _ _ @ t pase.-.n I " C) I .

Wear smart clothesicasualclothes.givingindividualteams prompts. E Thanks very much. C I'm going to speak to the manager.e.travelto Paris/Bangkok. You'llhurt your back.give the same promptto the next could award pointsfor each appropriateresponse. Dividethe class into teams of two to three students. Explainto the classthattheyhaveto secondguesswhatdecisions theirclasscolleagues havemade usingtheirknowledge of them.Continuewith otherexamples. l'll pay you back tomorrow. I've got a sore throat.Choosea studentandsay: Youhave the chanceto travelto either Parisor Bangkok..I know.Set a ten-minutetimelimitto completethe game. I can't do my homework. 3.Then woik round the class.I'm-going to travetto Bangkok. A I'm going to get a cofiee. Preparea list of promptsto elicitdecisions.Whenthe studenthaswrittendownhis or herchoice..lf a team doesn'tunderstandthe oromotor faiis to find a solution. !'ve lost mv Durse.Theyshould then completethe sentenceswithgoingto or willandthe verbsin the box. '" cnorcEs Going fo (Decisions):You'regoingto traveito Paris.e. 8. I keep forgetting things. Travelby train/car. I'm putting on a lot of weight.workingindividually or in teamsof twoto three players.for example. 26 I t I I T I I q I I I ( I I t T d . ANSWERS: 1. Someoneoffersyou a choiceof eitheri cotaor an orange iuice. Have a salad/hamburoer. H Don't worry.Playerscouldawardthemselves1 pointfor everycorrectguesstheymakeandthe winneris the playerwhomakesthe mostcorrect guesses.Writedownthe car you want.Writedown whichcity you wantto travelto.askthe restof the classto guesswhatdecisionhe or she has madeand writedowneither:He/Sheis goingto travelto.The player/team withthe mostcorrectsentenceswins. Example prompts: I'm freezing. get a Volvo/aBMW. for example. Preparea seriesof choicesbasedon the leveland age groupof yourstudents. Youneed a new car and have the chanceof eithergetlinga Volvoor a BMWat a verygoodprice.Wish me luck! 7.Parisor He/Sheis goingto travelto Bangkok. the playersmatchthe peoplein the pictureswiththe sentences theyare saying. l'll switchon the fan. . Go throughthe examples withthewholeclass. I can't get thereby bus or by train.Would you like one? 4.Explaintc tne studentsthat you are goingto readout some problemsand that they haveto continuewith a possioie s o l u t i o nt o t h e p r o b l e m sb e g i n n i n w g i t h l k n o w w h a t t ' l ld o ! I ' 1 1 . G i v eo n e o r t w o e x a m p l e se. I know what I'li do! I'llborrow some from my girlfriend. G You look hot. l'll answerthe telephone. Writedown whichdrinkyou want. . Thengetthe originalstudentto tellthemwhatdecisionhe or she made./ haven'tgot any money. have a cola/anorangejuice. B Don't lift that box. D l'm going to post these letters.Then.what I'll do! l'll have a black coffee.Givean exampleof whatyoumean. F l'm going to make spaghettibolognesetonight. 5.Givethe studentsone minutefor the team to discussbeforegivingtheiisolution.I 'm too tired to concentrate. INSPIRATION! Mll (Decisions): / know what l'ttdo! I'il hitch a tift.g. 2. Examplechoices: Go on a beach holiday/a holiday in the country. Write a letter/make a phone call.g. I'm really bored. g . 6.r Going to: I'm going to post these letters.

. t 2. .'.t worry. I I I I I I I I I I I I Then completethe senrencss. . 6.. .. 8 . .. . y ).. .u cl. . thetetephone. . 27 F" . .wishmeluck! 7. . o ub a c kt o m o r r o w . . . these I .. o u l dy o u l i k eo n e ? 4 . . . [ ] Don'.. 3.y. t ] | .m a k es p a g h e t b t i o l o g n e steo n i g h t .v o u rb a c k .. .. .| .. ...t. ... ..Y o u .nsu-e'r .[]l . .h ef a n . . .a c o f f e eW . .. ... rnr Oplng p?S-t fC | retrers .4 GONNECTIONS I Whatare thesepeoplesaying?Matchthe personwiththe sentencesbelow..| ... . . . [ ] D o n ' tl i f tt h a tb o x . . answe( get rnake hurt post pa) speaK switchon l t l 'rn 'ft . . . .. . 5 . . | . .Use these verbs with going to or will. . . @ ColinGrangerand John ptumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguage'€aching. . / . . . [ ] Y o ul o o kh o t . [ ] T h a n k vs e r ym u c h L ... . .. s . . . . I I I . . . ... . [ ] I . . . V l .. .

Youmightwant to cue theirvotes with a gesture..something else.At the end. ..The firstplayer/team to completethiscorrectlv is the winner. switch an the tight.. and say I hope you don't find me . i I don't feel .workingindividually or in teamsof two to three. n'henyou cjidn'tcome home... to hear that hes only25. 9. . ..Then... .Then. r 2...or (b) hesiiatetoo long.. bore. 4..the piayerwith the leastnumberof minuspointsis the winner.the playerswritesentences foreachpictureusingadjectives endingin -ingor -ed..Ff Participle (-ing and -ed) Adjectives: Ihe book was very interesting.) depress(The vreather is realiy. Get the classto votewhichendingtheythinkcorrectby holdingup one of theirvotingcards. .t!'s really...... .Playersget a minuspointif they (a) hold up the wrongcard. l'm too worriedto go to sleep. . .i What the ooctorsard was . I r n n o t . l'm bored. . I'm bored. embarrass(Why are ycu . i e e a . l'm . . 3..... Go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass. ..) T I T t I I I I t I I I 28 I .) bore (l hoce you don'tfind me . / l'm .. ..) reiax 1(l-|oibathsare vert/. ) surprtse(. . when it rainsa ioi.... 7.1'm .) excirc(Were gorngon holiday. ... I'vehad a very . .pointto the first verb on your list. Don't speakto her now. tire (l dcn'i t'eel. Don'tbe so embarrassing.... . yesterday. Don'i say that.. i n p o l i t i c s .) t n t e r e sttl i s a n . i l'm smilingbecause !'m . . Let's play something else... Example verbs and sentences: (Adaptto the levelof your class. I m feelingdepressed. L This articleis reallyshocking.) wcrrv (l i.. .bore. lt'sreatty. to ao to sleea.again pointingat the verb bore.They shoutd vote in unisonand not lookat what othersare votingbeforedeciding. amuse.lsn'tit. tire.. Then startplayingthe gamefor real. This film is so exciting..for example. i I'm bored with game. VOTINGGAME I T t Participle (-ing and -ed) Adjectives: / hope 1. Youare conlusingme... tnis gattte Let'splay somethingetse...1Don't go and see that fitm. . i The news was .. ? /The childrenare too .) annoy(Stop. amuse (l tncugh!the film was quiie .? What did lsay? i ldid somethingvery .."'a-c.) snockrDc vcu: Darentsget easily. 5. with thisgarne. Are you tired? 6. with thisoame. as an example. Let'spla1.Then give anotherexample.) frrghten(l'm .Then write up a list of verbsthat can be changedinto adjectivesby adding -ing or -ed. 'latways get.. Ask each playerto writethe endings-ing and -ed in large letterson separatepieces of paper.... . She's..ou 't tilts don't find me boring..

ifu\ |m too shocked/shoci ing This arfic/e is really depressing/depressed I'm feeling c(*" O ColinGrangerand John ptumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching.-ri =- ( l) 4. . confused/confusi no Y o ua r e 8.ffi -hgor-ed ?o C h o o s et h e c o r r e c tw o r d t o c o m p l e t et h e s e n t e n c e s . [. boreo/borirr| l'rn e x ci t e d / e x c i t ign lt T h r sf i l m i s s o . worried/worrYing to go to s\eeP' . ^ r /ornbarrasslng "' ernbarrasse"' so """""' D o n ' tb e 6. \o>/ -.

. the statton? i nate askinEmy parents .I ran . Why are you smiling . you about something. me. her exami. J l'm listeningto the neighbours.s.? Don't throwany more stones. . doing stupid things. thtngs... l-iovtmany pieces shaltt dividethe cake ... Can you lock . Then go throughan examplewithtne vvholeoiass..s. dry skin. arrive 3.extension 8.. Setan eight-minute timelimitto completethe game.. paying now.Then begrnreaorncsentencesusingthe difierenr verDsfromtne list..... lrnsls/ . I met an old friend yesterday.. 5 .you paid lasttime.. sne doesn'tcare . B What were you dreamingabout? 7 .bui ieavingout the preposition followingthe verb or obrect.. me! Throwthe ball ...for examole: 1.I dcn't egree. ask Then vuritea listof prepcsitions rnlumbledorderon the otherside of the bcard.. helpedby the rest of theirieams...... from run into smile at speak to suffer from takepart in think ofrabout throw.! suffer . G Shes apologising to the womanfor wakingher up.nattons. Youcan warn him.. playersmatchthe pictureswiththe sentences. Examplelist of verbs and examplesentences: (Adaptto the knowiedoeand levelof vour.s V\/naittme does titis lrain arrive . The winneris tne team with the mostcorrectanswers. He'salways cirtvtng.Then. L I can't concentrateon my homework....? lu4rstste's so lazy... Dc vou belreve. Theyshouldthencomplete the sentences withthe correct prepositions.Poiniingto the frrstverb on your list. F l'm lookingior my socks H Can you pay for my drink? I Don'tshoutat me! D Can you take care of the children for a minute? Verb + Prepositions: I don't agree with his political view.The player/team withthe mostcorrect sentences is thewinner. stien have argumentswith my brother. me? I have to did you Dorrowthat hat .to writecjownthe preposltrons.. I uncierstandnow. 10.. Writea listof verbson one side of the board.... 11. Nc.. egree 2. him by chance at the bus station. Thank you for explainingit .. He's so quiet.. to ... my chitdren tonight? !want to go out..sa1.-1 Verb + Prepositions: I think I'm going to apply for thisjob. Tne ooctors coutcin'tsay what she dted . I Go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass.. o .Allowtime aftereach sentencefor the team secretaries. hjsooliticat'. T ANSWERS: t 2 .. me..i dcn't agree .. money...He nevertakespart.for exarnple: at with for Divtie the ciassintotearnsof two to threeplayersand appointteam secreianes. tnto drive rnto expiatnto tns6t on look at look after prevent..r axiee v''iitn ar!'i\/eai est rcr Delrevern Dorrcw. l'm shy... irom care aDout citeof drvioe..:et... ! cftennave argumentswith mt'bt'ctne. but you can't preventhim ..any dlscussrbnsin class.. What are you thinking ...Stop looking . T T I I I I I I I I I I I 30 I ..ciass. at throw. E Do these shoesbelongto you? A He's complaining to the managerabout his meal... me.. I don't use normal soaps.. hispolittcalvien. for example. 9. C Whv are you laughingat me? CONNECTIO/VS 5 . horoscopes? V/.Get tne ciassto look ai tne boaro and say whattne missingpreposition is fromyour sentence.? !1es a really bad driver..workingindividually or in teamsof twoto three.

. ' . .e? W h y a r e y o u l a u g h i n g.o' .?. . . . .y.I Can you take care the childrenfor a minute? @ ColinGrangerand John Plumb1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching 31 . .I s. . . . ' 1 . my socKs. .I j z. . ' . ' . . .I w a k i n gh e r u p ' the woman S h e ' sa p o l o g i s r n g D o t h e s es h o e sb e l o n g . 1 0 . :l fr t t' E fn e.. . . Y } .I s. .5 col.Thencompletethe sentences in the box. . withthe prePositions h tI I l tt T tl' F. [] . . .m 12.I .m. . . . . . . . i sj o b ' I t h i n kI ' m g o i n gt o a p p l y. . l'm listening I'm looking the neighbours.u ? t h e m a n a g e r" " " " " " H e ' sc o m p l a i n i n g htsmeat' mYhomeworK' I c a n ' tc o n c e n t r a t e W h a t w e r e y o u d r e a m i n g. . . h I tt f rffi z. .lNEGTloNS F t Connectthe pictureswiththe sentencesbelow. . y d r i n k ? 11. . .I c.m . lr b f ln. n C a n y o u p a y .I s. .I s. . . . .e ! D o n ' ts h o u t. . . . t. .

. Seta ten-minute helpedby the restof theirteam. team timelimit. givethe teamseightminutesto studyand memorise withthewholeclass. The winnersare the playerswho answerall questionscorrectly. 7. the sentences.The playersthen swaDtimetablesand ask quesrions to test each other'smemories.ten minutespastten but not ten o'clock. You'libe enloyingvourselt. Handout page88 andgo throughthe examples -ing.ngpeopreswimmtngIn tne oool You'llbe planningwhat beautifulplacesto visit. T h e s u n w i l ib e s h r n r n g . Thengettheteamsto coveror handyou the picture. Basethis on the localarea usingreal names. 10.? Tellthe studentsthatthey shouldask abouttimes in betweenthosewrittenon the board. the futurecontinuous: will+ be + Theteamsecretaries.e.. Youwon't be thinkingaboutproblemsat work. Photocopy pages 33 and 88 to play this game. Dividethe classinto groupsof two or threeplayers.Then.) Sunday25 June 10-1 1 am get up and have a big breakfast 11 am-12. i2. 5. ANSWERS 3.s what you will be doingnext Sunday. B. Whatwillyou be doing at half past 10 in the morning? I'll be havino breakfast. 32 t I I t I t I I T . Youl' De watcn. Youwon'l be wearinoa businesssuit.standingin a position whereyou cannotsee the information on the board.Theselimetablescouldbe imaginaryor aboutrealpians the studentshave.thencomplete page while The with the mostcorrect doingthis. For example:(Adaptto the interestsand age-groupof your students. Tellthem to put a futuredale at the top of them. Get the studentsto plan theirown timetables for a greatday out on similarlinesto the one cn the board.Introducethe question:Whatwillyou be dotngat .FutureContinuous:Youwon'tbe sittingat yourdesk in the office. lt won t be raining.. 9. A GREATDAY OUT Future Continuous:. Handout page33 and Dividetheclassintoteamsof twoto threeplayersand appointteamsecretaries.get the classto ask you questionsto test your memoryof the events.For examole: Student: You: Student: You: What will you be doing at 5 pm on Sunday? !'ll be visitingthe Castle Museum.30 pm drive to the seaside i-2 pm lie on the beach 21 pm have lunch in the Seaview Cafe 4-6 pm go on a boat trtp to Smugglers'lsland 6-7 pm visit the Castle Museum 7-9 pm have dinner in the Hilltop Restaurant 10-1 am oance in Fehx'sDisco Explainthat the diaryextractshov. You'llbe orrnkingfreshorangejuice.Theymustnot lookbackat the first sentences is thewinner.i. Youll be havrnga oelrciousbreakfast. 6. 11.Pointouttheformof backpage33. 4.What willyou be doing at 5 pm on Sunday? Writeup an examplediaryextracton the boardshowrngthe timetablefoi'a oreatday out. You'lioe rvearinga beachrobeand sunglasses.

t I I t F m e m o r i s teh e s i t u a t i o n . This time next weekl'll be-on holiday t t I and l'm really looking forward to it. .t / . @ ColinGrangerand John Plumb1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching. It's Mondaymorningand l'm at work.) ti llT ti t Now look at the second page. t it I t f' $ I h t tf 'l&ri l.

Score1 pointpercorrectchoice.e. ls it the actor who always had a litile moustache? Yes. or He wasa writer wnosenamebeains with the letter H. .A and B.afier a fewmoments of groupconsultation.The otherteam. ls it Charlie Chaplin? Yes.andso isn't. withthe helpof the restof theirteam.andthatthereis no duplication of nounsbetween the twoteams. ? questionsand that they are only allowedto ask a direct question(ls it Xl if they get a yesresponsefrom you for one of theirindirectquestions. Appointteamsecretaries. STARQUIZ RelativePronouns(WholWhose):/s it the actor who diedrecentlv? write the name of a famouspersonality on a slipof paper. untileveryonehashada turn. The playerwhoguessesthe rightanswergetsthe chanceto choosethe nameof the nextfamous personality forthe othersto guess. ls it the actor whose ex-wife sued him for a million dollars? No. 5c.placesandthingsso thatallfour relativepronouns(who. The teamsecretaries. Dividethe classintotwo teams. A widoweris a man whosewifeis is. Explainthatthey shouldask: /s it the actor who/whose.Explainthatthe nounstheychooseshouidbe reasonably difficult(they mayusedictionaries if theywant)andshouldbe a goodmix of people.decidewhichis the correctdefinition of thevarious nouns. f I I FI f 4b. 6c. A warehouseis a place wheregoodsare stored. thenhaveto chooseoneof thethreedefinitions as beinothe correctone. iI { il 4 il ii 34 d . At the end.Telithe ciasstha1they haveto find out the name of a famousdead actorwhose name beginswiththe letterC.t Refative Pronouns(Whol WherdWhi chl Whosel: A teetotalleris someonewho neverdrinks alcohol.g. .For example: t II I { Plarrar' You: Player You: Player: You: Player: You: ls it the actor who died recentlv? No.whichandwhose)are used. 8b WORDBLUFF.for example: She'sa sportswomanwhosename beginswith the tetterS.Checkthatthe chosennounsandthe definitions theywriteare nottoo difficultor too easy.r.the teamwiththe mostDointsis thewinner. Theteamsthentakeit in turnsto readouttheirdefinition puzzlesto the otherteam.haveto writeeightdefinition puzzlessimilar to thoseon the students' isn't. A saw is a tool whichyou use to cut woodor metal.Eachplayershouldbriefly introduce the personality by saying. Thefirstteamto completethiscorrectly is thewinner. chartiechaptin. helpedby the restof is. 7a.where.ertension t Relative Pronouns (WholWherd Whichl Whose) { Theteamsecretaries.

v l l I t I f. A pantryis a roomwhereyou playgames. v h i cyho u u s e t o c u t w o o d o r m e t a l . S e a s o n i nigs s c m e t h i nw g h i c hi s p u t o n c l o t h e st o m a k et h e ml o o kp r e t t y . " l-l t-' l--l 8. L_l n I--l i s s o m e o n ew h oh e l o si n a h o s p i t a l . vr' [-l L] n [ -l . b l a r e p e o p l ew h o w a t c h a n e v e n t .l r i s s o m e t h i nw g h i c hi s p u t o n f o o dt o m a k ei t t a s t eg o o d . b I i s a o l a c e' r r l h e rqec o d s a r e s t o r e d . v l-_-. a x 4 . A s a w i s a t o o l w h r c hy o u u s e t o u n d o n u t s . t II I t II I t 1I I I h lI I l I i s s o m e o n ew h o d r i n k st e a .1 f--j l t i s s o m e t h i nw g h i c hm a k e sp l a n t sg r o w . p e o p l e p l a y 6 . A w i d o w e ri s a m a n w h o s ew i f e i s d e a d . 7. 1 . . S p e c t a t o r sa r e w h o w a t c ha or a film. v n i s a t o o l w h i c hv o u u s e t o o u l l o u t n a i l s .I t I! I Word Bfuft -1 Wh i chi s th eri g h dt e fi nition? Puta jV i nextto thecor r ect answer . n' t [-l l ^ n is a roomwhereyou keepfood. . "[-l 5 . i s a p l a c ew h e r ec l o t h e sa r e s o l d . t'. A cowardis someonewho runsawayfromdanger. @ ColinGrangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching.f o r e x a m p l e :a f o o t b a l lm a t c h . . v^ T L___l is someonewho looksaftercowson a farm. n [ i s a t o o l . ^ r' 3 . ll n l i s s o m e o n ew h o c a n n o tc o u n t .1 [-r L___. v ^T-l a r e p e o p l ew h o w e a r g l a s s e s .1 l--l L___. ^ : _ . f.l 2 .1 [-l l l L__. u n parents is a child whose are dead. A t e e t o t a l l ei sr s o m e o n ew h o n e v e rd r i n k sa l c o h o l . b n i s a r o o mw h e r ev o u s t o r eo l d u n w a n t e tdh i n o s . " i s a w o m a n w h o s e h u s b a n di s d e a d . A w a r e h o u s ei s a p l a c ew h e r ep o o r p e o o l el i v e .

Exampleaccusations: Why didn't you come to ny party last nightc Why didn't you give your friend the message t gave you? Why didn't you invite me to your wedding? Why didn't you say hello to me yesterday when I saw you in town? Why didn't you tell me you had a new job? Why didn't you introduce me to your friend last night? Why didn't you give me back the book I lent you? Why didn't you let me know that you weren't well? ! I I I I I I : I . 6. Someonewas goingto playchess.For examole: You: P l a y e1r : Why ciidn'tyou do your homeworkyesterday? I wasjust going to do it when I noticed that I didn't have the right books. I or in pairs. Playersget a minus point if they (a) cannotthink of an adequateexcuse(theexcusescan be fantasticbut must be somethingto do withthe actionthe playeris accusedof not doing). The excusemust beginwith / wasjust going to. Ask easierquestionsat firstand then progressively make them more and more difficult. The playerwiththe mostcorrectsentences ANSWERS: I 1. Someonewas goingto shave. Why didn't you get up yesterday? l w. 2.henlciiscoveredthat lhad lefi m. And so 1us:going to send you one w.a' r / -' .the playershaveto writefivemoreu/asgoingto sentences Workingindividually aboutthe picture.! Was going toz Someone was going to shave. Why drdn'tyou lock the door when you left the house toiav? I waslusi gang to lock it when I rememberedthat I didn'thave a key to gei DacRtn auail t.6i6r'. 5. 4. ltou phone me es you promised yesterday? Player'1: I was just going to phone you when they cut my phone off for no! paying the bill. Someonewas goingto mend his shoe. lThisclaver cannot thinkof an excuseand so gets a minuspotnt. The winnersare the playerswith the leastnumberof minuspoints.tou sentme a postcardwnen you were on holrday lastyear? P ' ' l*at v. addressbaoK at home. Hints:Playa trialroundfirst. I was just going to do it when I noticed that I didn't have the rioht books.asjust going to get up when I felt a terriblepain in my reft leg. Someonewas goingto writein the ship'slog. is the winner.or (b) hesitatetoo long. Exampieroundwith a groupof five players: You: Player '1: You: Player2: You: Player3: I ! I Why didn't you do your homeworkyesterday? I wasjust going to do it when I noticed that I didn't have the rignt books. INVENTION GAME ! Explainthat you are goingto ask individualplayerswhy they didn'tdo somethingand that the players haveto thinkof an excuse. 3.) Ycu: l\lhS oidn't you send me a postcard when you were on holiday lastyear? P i a v e5r : lv. You: vinv dion't . You: Wh1. ! I Was going to:. Someonewas goingto sew a buttonon his shirt. Someonewas goingto havea meal.

t il |lJ |1 The story of the Mary Cetesfeis one of the greatest mysteriesoi the sea' w a s i n p e r f e c t l yg o o d o r d e r T n e s h i p w a s f o u n da b a n d o n e di n t h e A i l a n t i co n t h e f o u r t ho f D e c e m b e r1 8 7 2 . T h e s h i p ' sl o g .! d ! l r j I t t t .t |til I { rr @ ColinGrangerand John Plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching ."{. j u s t b e f o r et h e y l e f t t h e s h l p ' w r i t e f i v e s e n t e n c e sa b o u tw h a t t h e s a i l o r sw e r e g o i n g t o d o t . l t ) as p i r a t e s . t h e o c e a n ' o f m i d d l e i n t h e m e n s h o u l ds u d o e n l yl e a v et h e i r s h i p tere is a pictureof the cabin of lhe Mary Celeste' * I t I I I L- IF -r if.vrittenup to the twenty-1ii1-. I . ( d i a r yw a t t a c k e d b y b e e n a n d d i d n o t s e e m t o h a v e b e e n i n a s t o r mo r h a v e of eight crew the why was in it to explain nothing there again but of November .

Dividethe classinto an even numberof teamsof two to threeplayers. And so on. 8 3.Read for examPle: out your descriptions. HARRY SolToo + Adjectives: We like Harrybecausene's so active.the team with the highestnumberof pointsis the winner.The two teams can win pcintsby sayingwhy they likeor hate him usingso or loo and adjectives beginningwith each letterof the alphabet.A 8 .Continuein the same way with the restof the alphabet. andgetthemto connectthe adjectives is the winner. charactersfrom TV soaps.peoplein the schoolyou work in. Then get the classto ask you questionsto find out who the personis.E .wno. Team A: We like Harry because he's so clever.sIr? A 1 0 . Use a mixtureof adjectiveswhich describepersonalityand adjectiveswhich describeappearance.The adjectivesmust be appropriatefor why you like or hate someone. and gei themto take it in turns to read out theirdescriptions The winningteamsare tncsewrth they guesswithin10 questions.she rs. Team B: We hate Harrv because he's so cold.Go roundheipingwith vocabularyas they ciothis. Explarnthat TeamA likesHarrywhereasTeamB hateshim. tz. couicisay: We likeHarry because he's so active. she isn't. for example: Student: You: Student: You: Student: You: Student: You: Student: You: /s she someone in the class? No. D i. /s she (name of character)? Yes. preparea few exampledescriptionsof famouspeopleyour studentswill know. Shes quite young.for describing example: Team A: We like Harry because he's so bold.etc.Get the teams1owritethree of famouspeople. T T T I T I t I T I I I I il . She'skind and helPfulto other PecPle. H 7. dark hair. usingthe letterA.Then parrup tne teams descrrptions for the otherteam to guess. She's very sad at tne moment. Teamsget a pointfor each descrrption the mostDornts. Thefirstteamto do thiscorrectly ANSWERS: 1 .sportsmenand sportswomen. film stars. ls she in (name of soaP)? Yes.For example.Score 1 point for each acceptablestatement.They could be politicians. She'snever selfishand is extremelygenerous.| : .F 6.while Team B could say: We hate Harry because he's too aggressive.TeamA and TeamB. They are allowedup to 10 questions.t I I Adjectives: sociable I Go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass.she rs. /s she an singer? No. Dividethe classinto two teams.Thendividethe classintoteamsof twoto threeplayers to the peoplein the pictures. Team B: We hate llarry because hes so bossy. We hate Harry because he's loo aggresstve. ls she on TV? Yes.K 9 . She'skind and hetpfulto otherpeople.TeamA. dark hairand is quite tall and s/lm. At the end. u ! Adjectives: She'sgo! long.she rs. She'sgot long. she lsn'f._ l E l 1 1 . L 2 .

s. t 4.independent to aetu2' L I'.cn'CJcu Lf'lr"K 7. to doit t. .Tnat musthurt a lot I T F t I t I @ ColinGrangerand John Plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching. 1. ( t'i ai^eMe'ful.Cear..sympathetic 11. conceited I 3. F I rne. confident l .l t\eAot )rw. I I I .tcoL|reC Pb'cr'€'.rsicran. sociable . levr/ t Lr fr I 12. vain 10.rl'^a goodear 2. C o n n e ctth e a d j e c t i v edse s c r i b i nsgo m e o n e 'csh a r a c t eor r p e r s o n a l i twyi t ht h e p e o p l e .I wAttr 0h. rebellious 6. unselfish 9.t'. generous I I l f. superstitious 8. mean 5. CarrqcuAnsuer?'ne %n'thet2 .p PERSONAUWQU/Z t t I I I.

Exampleactions: Cooxingsomething.The teamsecretaries. Then hand one of the slipsto a student. For example: lookingat yourself in a mirror.e. 4A I T T I I I I I I I t I I I I I I T . Theteamwiththe mostcorrectsentences is the winner.Pointoutthat pronouns reflexive are necessary in somesentences and unnecessary in others. ANSWERS: She was dryingherselfwttha towel. drying yourself with a towel. Photocopy pages41 and 89 to play this game.ReflexivePronouns/Past Continuous:Shewas lookingat herselfin a mirror.g. l-lavinga guitar /esson.Thenhandout page89 andgo throughthe examples withthe wholeclass.face. 6 She was oressingbehinda tree. Handoutpage41 and givethe teamstwo minutesto studyand memorise the picture. llurtrng yourself with a hammer. I He was helpinghimselfto some sausages.Some oi theseshouldrequirea reflexive pronoun.withoutany of the othersin the classseeingit.)The Dersonwho quessesthe rightanswergetsthe chanceto mime the nextaction. others should not. MIME GAME ReffexivePronouns/Present Continuous: You're lookingat yourselfin the mirror. Shaving. Feeltn-osorry for yourself. (The studentshakeshis/herhead.Seta ten-minute timelimitforthemto complete Theymustnot lookbackat the firstpagewhiledoingthis. getting dressed:washingyour hands. He was shavingwith an electricrazor.thenwritedownwhatthe youngpeopleweredoing.Thengetthe teamsto coveror handyou backpage41. Dividethe classintoteamsof two to threeplayersandappointteamsecretaries.(The studentshakes his/herhead. Tryingto concentrate. bcdy. He was relaxingundera tree. the sentences. helpedby the restof theirteam.) You'retookingin a mirror.(The studentnods. You'relookingout of a window. Sne was feelingsick.(The studentindicatesthat the guess is close. Ask the student to mime the actlonfor the othersto guess. Writedown a numberof actionson slipsof paper. llelping yourself to some food at a party. Being annoyed with yourself. Teachrnoyourself to play the guitar.) You'relookingat yourselfin a mirror. Relaxing.) You'rewatchingfV.

. t I I I I I I I t I I t t I I @ ColinGrangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching.j I I I I L o o k a t t h i s p i c t u r eo f s o m e y o u n g p e o p l eo n a c a m p i n gh o l i d a y . You havetwo minutes to tryto memorisw e h a te v e r y o n res d o i n g .

She can see further than him.the writing becomingprogressively smallerin each row as on an optician'ssight-testing card. lMhocan saj' a tonoue-tw. Do the Englishdrink more tea than the French? (Do the Frenchdrink more tea than the Enolish?) RECARDSGAME Comparison of Adverbs: She can see the furthest.Ask the team representatives to writedown as much as they can read. 3. Who speaksEnglishtne most{iuentlyin your class? 5.tster the ourckest V/ho can stand on one leg the longest.g she can see the furthest.haveto writethe six sentences in thefive-minute timelimit. Dividethe classintoteamso{ two to threeplayers.Write rows of letters. Announcethe first contestwhich is to test who can see the furthest. r . Theteamwiththe mostcorrectsentences is thewinner. Get the team representatives to sit at the same disiancefrcm the board. 2.she can see further than him. helpedby the restof theirteam. I m tiredeventhough I sleptwell last night.or tne worst!). d^ au/ u u" ^p r1 tAt^c f i 1 a S i a c c u r a t g l y .u 1A^ Llte I I I I I t I I t I c I I l^^-^^. 6.! WordOrder. t w v^ ^d^ t . i d t *l I I II il ! -Z I . /d5{95{.etc. Whc can draw the most reaiisttcally. Youwon'tpassthe examinationunlessyou work harder. Expiainto the teamsthat you are goingto playa numberof conteststo find out who can Cothingsthe best. Ask the group to comparethe individual performances.and ask the teams to decidewho is gorngto representthem in this contest.tpassthe examinationuniessyou workharder.the fastest. Theteamsecretaries.Only one playerper team can enter. He livesin an ugly littiehouseoutsideLondon. Why do you aiways cut yourselfwhile shaving? 4. lA/t ^ . for examole: ltlt ^ v v r tu ^^^ '^^) vat t I Yd. ANSWERS: l i 1. Dividethe classintoteamsof threeto four players. e. Comparisonof Adverbs: Youwon. Continuewith otherconteststo find out.ReflexivePronouns.Conjunctions: He hurt himselfquitebadly whileskiingin Switzerland. Appointteamsecretaries. Wnc car srng the Desi .

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Can'tyou see a plane? 6.Ask eachteam to discusstheirverbsand come up withtwo examples whichclearlyshowthe differencebetweenthe verbs.soill wntsDer.kick march .a minute? 7. stare.Thendividethe classintoteamsof twoto threeplayers Theteamsecretaries.thencomplete andappointteamsecretaries. withthe verbs.but l'm airaidyou can't borrowmy car 8.stroll orin .Can you look after her foi.see - nFen r--F I I I I j l t I I T T nlanfa stare . l've got to look for the baby'sbottle. Bring me my coat and l'll take you home in the car.For example. Look overthere. Exampleverbs: (Adaptto the levelof your class. For example:took. 9.listen help .Verbs. I can lendyou some moneytor a taxi. DIFFERENCES t .smile rnmnlnin - nrtrml^.be rn love with T I I t I t I I I I . Come here.nzlhor r'-" "1' hear . the sentences ANSWERS: 2. you'vewon the last six games.pull ataA gtau - Pa>> pour .go out cook .Then dividethe class into teams of two to three players.peep glance.^^A utaJl I leave.but I'm goingto beat you this . Award'1pointfor everycleardistinction.lo drag .rhr tnkla ninnlp :t ':.a team shows the differencebetweenlook and see with the sentence'.save (^n tail - ^. 3. and then mimes peepingthrougha xeyholeand giancingup at someoneas they walk UdJt.extension Verbs: Vocabulary:iook. v'" ntnk nn .watch.t tookedfor my bag but I couldn'tsee it. The team with the most pointsat the end is the winner.punch hit .Shuffleand then distribute the cardsamongstthe teams. 5.see.Can you hearthat noise? 4.but I lovedoingthe laundry. withthe helpof the restof slap . Pleasedon't lie downthere.see Preparea numberof cards with two relatedverbs writtenon them. Listen. Go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass.Thefirstteamto do thiscorrectlvis the winner. OK.boil be fond of .They can do this verballyor with mime. I hate makingbeds.) look . Vocabulary: Don't go in there.I want to lay this cloththeretor the picnic.

. . u t l ' m g o i n gt o t h e l a s ts i x g a m e s b I 9. beaVwin O K . m e r n yc o a ta n o i ' l l .. . ^ - -\ t V t /1 lultl I I 2.o . e r f o r a m i n u t g r 4 \ II I t _ l- II 8.<G. t h e b a b y ' sb o t t l e . L ^ ^ . . 1 : ^ + ^ ^ I I C d I ' I I S L U I I vdI that noise? yuu 4 . . . rl. .a€il v 5. . b e d s .I w a n t t o P l e a s eo o n t .h. 45 z\u y o ut h i st i m e . . .\___ \ "?ti 6. . . .\'...y o u ' v e .. make/do 1_ I hate I O ColinGrangerand John Plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageT€aching .f . n n v . . . \. .the laundry. Y v t M i L. . . . . . . .. bnng/take I u ei n t h e c a r . . . . G . look'see o v e rt h e r e . a 3lane . .. . l a ' .hyoom t I I I a J . . .. . .fi &=5i ' ^ ^ . look afterr'lookfor l ' v eg o t t o . . . . .b u t I l o v e . . . DfIMHtriRtrNSG]gS A t ?i I I i t l ll I U / r r t et h e c o r r e cfto r mo f t h e v e r b s .r e >i'--F (.c a n t y c u t t t h i s c l o t ht h e r e i o l i h e d o w ni h e r e .C a n y o u . .

new identrt-v profilesvvliha memberof the otherteam. 14. I workecithere fo: slx monrns.I do.They must not look back at the firstpage whiledoingthis. 46 I I I I I I I I . I l i k el t a l i a ni o o d .but stressthat tney sncutcjincludeexamplesof tne cresentsrmple. I m t a k t n -oer i v r n gi e s s o n sa t t h e m o m e n t .DC wnen t was 12. Mv motheris a doctcr. Past Simple: I moved to Washington. Dividethe classinto teams of two to three playersand appointteam secretaries.Present Simple: I work in a fastfood restaurant in Los Angeles.t at the mornent 15.then compietethe sentences. 11. the presentperfectsimpleand the D'Souza's. I work in a fasi ioc: restauranl. Where are you tiving at the moment? ln the Hitton Hotel in London. l ve been tnere fo: tnreeweers. My lastjob was in a cank. Then parrthe teams anCask them to excnangetheir. 13. lve knownAnniefo: rwo years.and the past srmple.the presentcontinuous.Therlgivetne teamstimeto rnemorisetheir crofiles.. 7 then studiedchemislryat the University of California. 3. Do you smoke? Yes.The playersthen give backtherrprofiles to tne otherteam anc tnen takeit in turnto 'interrooare' each nlavcron his or her new icientitv.hjs or her coveris blownand the team go on to questionthe nextagent. 4. i d r J nt f r r i s hm y s t u o r e s .Make it clearthat they haveto choosebetweenthe presentsimple. The team secretaries. l f f 2 5 y e a r so l d . the presentperfectsimple. helpedby the restof theirteam. B. Present Perfect Simple: !'ve known Anniefor two years. I was ltere for twc years 9 .the presenicontinuous. MEMORY4 . 10. Photocopy pages 47 dnd 90 to ptay this game.extension Present Simple: Do vot smcke? Present Continuous: Vlnereare vou lfuinaat tne moment? Present Perfect Simple: How tong haveyou w.orxed for the lnternattonaBanx? Past Simple: When ctc . ANSW=RS 2 . 1 7 . When did you move to Rome? Threeyears ago. I ve got two sistersanc a brother. I haven'igot an acanmen. lf a playermakesa mistake. Encoui'age tnem to inventnew oetails. The winning teamsare thosewith the most agentswho answerali theirquesuoirs ccrrec1v. 12.Then get the teams to coveror hand you back page 47.Hano out page 47 and give the teams eight minutesto study and memorisethe picture. Tne winnersare the piayerswho do not blowtheircoverand answer all ouestionscorrecfly. Drvioethe classintotearnsoi two to threepia5rer.The teamyviththe most correct sentencesis the winner. movedto WashingtonDC wnen I was 12 6 went to high schooithere. 1 9 . I ve had four-lessonsso tar.cunove ta Rome? Gei the siudentstc write a ne\{'ioentity' profilefor an undercoveragentcn srmiiariinesto Car. Hand out page 90 and go throughthe examplewith the wholeclass. 16.Youshouldpair reams of equaisize. How long have you worked for the lnternationarBank? Twoyears. I m stayrngwtth a flencj caliedAnnie. For exarnole: Team A: PlayerB: Team A: Player B: Team A: Player B: Team A: PlayerB: Team A: PlayerB: Wherewereyou born? ln Paris.. 18. Present Continuous: I'm staying with a frrend called Annie.s. Set a ten-minute time limit.

># rereihere \gtirs€J 8 You"r &.Y o uw o r ki n a f a s tf o o dr e s t a u r a ni nt L o sA n o e l e s . .ft a:A 3 Your mothe's a 4 Y o u v e g o t i w o s i s t e r sa n d a b r o r h e r . Y o u ' v eb e e n t h e r e f o r t h r e ew e e k s .L 3 8T. Y o u w c r k e dt h e r e f o r s i x months. &re You haven'tgot an apartment at the rnoment.r v{aslrog\cn t:urr\o\eu'- S tlh e r e q s c h o o h i g h -^. " 1 2 ' Y o u r l a s tj o b w a s i n a b a n k ' 1 3 .a ?t the University of Cajifornia. Y o u t h e ns t u o i e cc n emrst.I I It It I t" A G E N T . 11 .1'ft:[?"ilH?j:"':l?"?l'n" @ ?AGE.I W A N T H E RT O C A R M E ND ' 3 O U Z A1 9 A P O L I C E g. '"si'*'*'' I t I i I t I I I i for two'"t-t 9. _r- Yu i+-= I g ^.. O U H A V EE I G " T M I N U T E S T O M E M O R I g E1 1 . y o u w e n rr o !.1 9 . Y o u l i k e l t a l i a ni o o d ' ii {3t'1.TX {G r-Y 'lA w h e n . Ir 1 I \ . *o*": . i G 1 0 . You ^ '''l^o\/ Australla ' r u e r eb o r n l n D Y u " v ' ffi\ . H I g 1 9 H E R N E WI D E N T I T Y ' P R E I E N DY O U A R E C A R M E NY.{ 4! 2 Youare2svears oio . H E H A g T O P R E T E N T DO W O R K O O S O M EU N D E R C O V E R 9 E S O M E O N EC .( 6 . you didn'tfinishyour studier. .-'a\ 1.g 1 cc*cr e' tr e: . N O WL O O KA T T H Eg E C O N D @ ColinGrangerand John Plumb1995 Publishedby HeinemannE:rglishLanguageTeaching. w .e\Z ^' r \NU'- Yu" .

L She'svery differentfrom her brother o... He was red ... But lwas very disappointed. the bad language used in the film. helcedby tne restof theirteams. You'revery clever .. clever (etc.. anger.see list beiow) Then writea listof prepositions in jumbiedorderon the otherside of the bcar. beingneara dog. ll *t l V/ritea list of adjectiveson one side of the board. guesstng things....sisternares dog:-<. I lt was very nice of vou to give me a present B Stop being rude to vour iather. The winneris the team with the mostcorrecranswers. being near a dog. 8.anxious about being near a cjJg..for example: at by about (etc.say fcr example.. Were you pleased . C l m boredwith this book. E l'm reallybad at drawing. Are you any good . He's horribleto me. That's ngnt. you? 48 I F I -l I ( i il cil .Set an eight-minutetime limitto completethe game..res. Then go throughan examplewithtne wnoleclass Pointingto the firstadjectiveon your list... mendingthings? He can't come to school.They should then completethe sentenceswith the correctform of the prepositions..iVOUT anxiousabout astonisheciat/by ciever at disappointed with d!sgusted with/by good at illwith impressed with/by kind to pleased with polite to red with responsible for shocked at/by wrong wtth My matchthe pictureswith the sentences. She gets verS. J l'm amazedat the size of the doq.t Adjectives + Prepositions: /m afraidof spiders Go throughthe examplewith the wholeclass. q I Adjectives + Prepositions: She gets verj.... ld noped ld do well in tne exam.The player/team with the most correctsentencesis the winner. G l m very interestedin cookery... his behavtour. 5 .peopie speak Engtish. He's always so kind . T I A Are you engagedto him? K He'stamousfor hrs ice cream. : s r rich e d i f i e r e nai C j e c t i v e s froi'nthe irst Dulieavinoou'iihe preoosttron followingthe adjective.. now few..Get the classto look aitre DcardanCsay what tne m l s s r n gp r e 0 c s i t t oi n s i r o r nv c u r s e n t e n c eT. 2... I'm disgusted. MS.. but I was impressed . You'reso bad-tempered. Example list of verbs and examplesentences:(Adaptto the knowledqeand levelo.What's wrong . Sne oels verj/anxlous.Then get the players. your presents? Always be polite .to writedown the preDcsitrons. me.. l'm alwavsestonished.. ANSWERS: 2 . H l m very angrywithyou.for example: t 1... astonished 3. your grandDarents..extension 7.Allowtime afiereach sentenceioi ine Iearnsecretartes. Who is responsible. 6 .d. 1.. my mark.anxious.He's ill . 9. She'svery young. how well she played. food potsoning. A CONNECTIONS 6 .. 0. F l'm worriedaboutromorrowsexamination. anxious 2.workingindividuallyor in teams of two to three. h e nb e g i nr e a d i n gs e n t e n c e s .. this mistake? iwas shocked .see listbelow) Divicjethe classlntoleams of two to threeplayersand appointteam secreiar.. llike him very much.

:''i i. .r''. . . . . . . L _ l A r e y o u e n g a g e d. . . . i c e c r e a m . . . . . -'4 '74 ! .I /^.7l --\' .h. . 5. . I lt was very nice 11. . . l_ l_ I l t ^c 1 E I ' m a f r a i d. . . .GONilEGTI OI.o. . w i n g . / - / t . r b r o t h e r . 9. n S h e ' sv e r yd i f f e r e n. . . s p i d e r s . .. u rf a t h e r . t h i sb o o k . I I ' mv e r ya n g r y.r.h. h e nc o m p l e t teh e s e n t e n c e s C o n n e ctth e o i c t u r e w s i t ht h e s e n t e n c ebse l o w T p r e p o s i t i o n s w i t ht h e in thebox.--q ) c. . .d. .IS 6 I I .i7L . -\-----l i G'N7 L/^ -r^l \. 12.----'---A U.i. tomorrow'sexamination. mu '/M& 4 . . @ Colin Grangerand John Plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching about $l\r" in Ot at for . I H e ' sf a m o u s.^ 2 ' .^-''7+. . . . 2. I I ' ma m a z e d 3.:{-t ' r I \J4 i /*Yr / Y H a t J < .t. .r I I I t l. . i. Y . . . ../. LJ I'm worried you to giveme a present. . . . 10. t h e s i z eo f t h e d o g .e. . a. . . ./ r*Y. . y o u . . . Ll S t o pb e i n gr u d e. .. . . 7 . .y. . . . . . L _ l I ' m r e a l l yb a d. / /\ l l U ! ) v \ -#r. . .m ? 8. . . . . . . . L__j l'm very interested to lrom cookery. .h. . n l'mbored 6. . . . t I I I I . . .1 . . .s. .

Photocopypages 51 and 91 to play this game. Becauseshe had been shopping. Gloriaworksin an office. She'd been filing documents. helpedby the restof theirteam.she. 7.The game continueswith each playerinturn trylngto rememberwhat the lastplayerssaid and then addingsomething new to the list. Handout page91 and go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass. Set a ten-minute timelimitfor themto complete the sentences. Player6: she'd been Wpingtettersali day. Becausethey had been waitin! for a bus for over hatt an hour 8. she'd been making teteitphone cails. I I I I : I I I il . Theymustnotlookbackat thefirstpage whiledoingthis. she'd been making tetephonecalls. Beginthe game by sayingto the neareststudentto you. Becausehe had been helpingher.thenwritedownthe answersto the questions.She'dbeen makingtelephone cal/s.Theteamwiththe mostcorrectsentencesis the wrnner. she.Exptainthat this ptayerhas 1o repeatwhat you have said to the next playerand then add inother actionthat Gloria had been doing in the office'forexample. Dividethe classintoteamsof twoto threeplayersand appointteamsecretaries.) A n ds o o n . e''d. 6.Thengettheteamsto coveror handyou backpage51.just correctthe mistakeand let the next playercontinue. she'd been making telephone catts. 3. LONGSEIVTEA'CE GAME Past PerfectContinuous:Shed been tvoinoletters ail day. Becausehe had been writing graffition the wall.Past Perfect Continuous: gecause she had been swtmmtng. she'd been making tetephcnecaus. Player3: She'cibeen typing lettersail day.Do not give players minuspointsfor grammar mlstakes. Handout page51 and givetheteamstwo minutesto studyand memorise the picture.(b) say an ac-tioninappropriate to the situationof someoneworkingin an office:(c) hesitatetoo long. She'dbeen typing tetters all day.) P l a v e5 r : (continues)she'd been typing tetters all day..playersget a minuspointif they (a) make a memory mistake. 5. for exampte .d been fiiing documents. P i a y e r ' 4 : She'dbeen typing lettersail day.She'd been writing reports.theplayerwiththe ieastnumberof minuspointsis the wrnner frj. Theteamsecretaries. ANSWERS 2. Examoleround: I I I I I P i a v e1r : Piaver2'. s-hed been typing tettersail day. Becausethey had been travellingall day.d been filing tetters (Thisptayer maKesa memory mtstaKeand so getsa minus point. L Becausea womanhad been cleanineher car.pointout the tormof the pastperfectcontinuous: had+ been+ -rnglform. 4 Becausethey had beenjogging.. She was very tired when she finished work lastnight. she'd been typing tettersail day. Becausehe had been mendinqhis motorbike. She'd been . (Thisplaver hesitatestoo long anC so getsa minus point.tne Hints:Playa trialroundbeforeplaying jor real.

NOWAN9WERTHEQUEgTIONS ON THEgECONP7AGE.6-ro5 f-Ut1'" _-.Y /v r)^ \N\. O ColinGrangerand John Plumb1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching 51 f .--' riV 3i. Y o u h a v et w o m i n u t e st o t r y t o m e m o r i steh e s i t u a t i o n .L o o ka t t h e s eP e o P l e . 'f.

Centralheatinghas been put in. clean the board.g. The bin has been emptied. and pictureB. open a window. empty the bin. WHAT'SDIFFERENT? Passive. Ask a playerto cometo the iront of the roomand lookcarefullyaroundthe room. betweenpictureA timelimit. Dividethe classintoteamsof two to threeplayers. The frontdoor has been painted. Appointteamsecretaries. H i n t s :W t t l .the ptavei'withthe most pointsis the winner.Has been done: Tne Doaranas been cleaned.For example: The board has been cleaned. The window has been opened. Theteamwiththe mostcorrectsentences ANSWERS: The bathroomhas been modernised The fence has been repaired.a r a ' g ec i a s sy o u c o u l os p e e dt h i sg a m eu p b v p l a v i n gi t w i t ho a r rl e a r s . T I I T t I I ll I Score 1 pointfor each correctobservation.And so on. Curtains have been put up.Has been done: The front door has been mended. The roof has been retiled. The grass has been cut.Passive . The playertnen comesback in and ti'iesto find out what has been changed. untileveryplayerhas had a turn.Then ask this playerto leavethe roornfor a moment. At the encj.try to findsix moredifferences Theteamsecretaries.switch on the light. I I I I t 52 T I I I . e. helpedby the restof theirteam. Tnen ask anotherplayerto leavethe roomfor a momentwhiiethe classmakefive morechangesto obrectsin the room.close the lid of the tape-recorder.with the help of the classmakefive changesto ob1ects in the room. Seta five-minute is the winner. Whilethe playeris out of the room.

6.7' I I Biffnrgnse 3 $putthn C o m p a r ei h e s et w o p i c t u r e sP. t Use these words: . moderntse the tence put in the roof retile ceniral heating cut the gtass repair I I II t t I F i n d s i x m o r e d i f f e r e n c e si n p i c t u r eB 1. 5. r .i c t u r eB s h o w s . r i t ew h a th a s b e e nd o n et o t h e h o u s e . 2.^r doo( lrO\\' rl-rA \r' the bathroom t parnt II I Ihe{rontdar hasbeu mendd. Curtairtshavebeu pul up. 4. i c t u r eA s h o w sa h o u s ei n v e r yb a dc o n d i t i o np. t h e s a m eh o u s ea f e w m o n t h sl a t e r W l I I l I I I I :l . O ColinGrangerand John Plumb1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching. 3.

An old ladywas just crossrngthe road. thingsto do for each Continuewith each plaverin iurn. Was going to: Youwerejust goingto do somework Ask all the playersto do something.l Past Perfect: Youhadjust got on the bus. read a book. A cvclistnad just overtakenthe bus. and memorise on page92. Two cnilorenwerejust goingto crossthe road 7.Handout page55 andgivethemtwo minutesto study The classcan eitherworkindividually get Then themto coveror handyou backpage55. 4.ask everybodyto rememberexactlywhat they had just done. Youwerejust gettingon the bus. Past Continuous: Youwerereadinga book.e.The the picture.ertension Past Perfect: Youhadjust stoodup.prepare to do some work.The playerwiththe mostcorrectanswersis the winner.look for somethingin their bags.look out of the w'indow. 54 I . l J .the playerwiththe mosi pointsis tne winner. Was going to: Youwerejustgoingto get on the bus. speak to someone. A man nad just parxedhis car.. I I I .Ask this playerto leavethe roomfor a moment. Photocopy pages55 and 92 to play this game. Get everybodyto try to thinkof new. tidy up possessions.interesting roun0. At the end.get ready to leave. 3. writesomething. 8. A van v''asjust turningleft. 5. J I I I I 1 ! I I . The playerthen comesback in and triesto rememberwhat everybodywas doingwhen he or she lefl the room. When the playerhas left the room. or in pairs. You werejust gotng to do some work. MEMORY6 .Theymustnotlookbackat playerswritewhathappened in the accidentusingthe sentences the firstpagewhiledoingthis. take somethingout of their pocket. were cicingor werejust going to do when the playerwas lookingat them. Handout pageg2. Score1 porntfor each correclobservation. A worranwas Justgoingto gel out oi the car. 2. Past Continuous: Youwerejustgettingon the bus.For example: Yo'"liad jus! stood up. A car was jusl overtakingthe bus. stand up. 6.g. Then ask a playerto stand in front of the class and look carefullyat everyonein the room and what they are doing. They shouldstop doingthese actions at this stage. Ycu were readtnga book. ANSWERS: 1.

----.' ) / -q-.-7 @ .-> ' / r l) r I I t . I Try to remembereverythingthat happened. You were waiting at the bus-stopwhen you saw .i /t' I rl Z.* -\T h \l / e II A R EY O UA G O O D WITNE9S? LOOKAT T H ES E C O N D ?AGE. " / L--/ -i h .7 . / . f . I I I .\|CIJr ../ t / ' /. I I t I O ColinGrangerand John ptumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching..7 I I T Accident .ay/ I \--r / I I t I . h e p o l i c ea r e g o i n gt o a s k y o u t o thisaccidentT say what you saw. . I i L o o k a t t h e o i c t u r ef o r t w o m i n u t e s .'. / tt /7 U I I / ..'fn /. i .

She often catchesthe eight o'clock bus to work. Does he always cook so well? 6. Check all the sentencesto see that they are correctand that each word has been written out on a separatepiece of paper.Encouragethe teams to make the sentencesquite complex with the use of clausesand parts of speechlike adverbsof frequency(often.and adjectives.puttingeach word on a separatepiece of paper. seldom. (On SaturdayI never go to the library. wel[ etc.).to the next team.againin the nex:tteam who try to rearrangeit into a propersentence.adverbsof manner {quickly. etc.).and so on. At the end.Word Order.The team secretariesshouldthen write out the sentences.always.Remindthem to write the question mark on a separatepiece of paper ii they have chosento write a question. The teamsthen passoti the sentence. Each team then handstheir sentences. The team with the most correctsentencesis the winner. Adverbs of Frequen cy Have you ever been to New York? Dividethe class into teams of two to three players. 7.) 3. The team secretaries.the team with the lcwest totalof pointsis the winner.Appointteam secretaries. I I I I ! T t 56 I .35. ANSWERS: 2. For example: I I TeamA . have to write the six sentencesin the four-minute time limit. untilihe teamshaveworKeoon al tne sentences. I nevergo to the libraryon jumbledorder . This is the most interestingbook I have ever read. How much moneydo you usuallygivethem? 4. Time how long it takes for each team to do this (you may have to appornt ptayer a as an additional timekeeperto help you) and award points in terms of how many secondsit takes. Did you ever stealappleswhen you were a boy? (a child) THE WORDORDERGAME 2 ertension I WordOrder Ask each team to thinkof a sentencebetweenten and fourteenwordslong. 5.badly.helpedby the rest of their team.The sentence couldbe a questionor an affirmativeor negativestatement.

J. 3 CoiinGrangerand John plumb . T H L iaE@ry Tol Fq 6.@BmErc b_y41o NerYmY? . 7.1995 P!!lished by HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching 57 K- .. -rffi4.l \:ilrr . +J?pg_aueuex @trt@ 2... ._€F *W 4. r"*h*-#'ffi <er.

I ReportedSpeech: Theannouncement saidall passengersto Lagosshouldgo immediatetyto Gate Five. Thengetthe teamsto coveror handyou backpage59. Plaver3: Ycu sardyou drdn't feel very welt. (Tnisplave: cannoi remenber what foltow. E The securitvofficertold him to walk throughthe door. The youngman said he had just arnvecat anl. The man withthe rucksacktold him he was D The voung man remindedher not to forgetto write stayingfor two weeks. Photocopy pages59 and 93 to play this game. You said vou nac feti frne untila moment ago. Yousaid you fetr fine. I feelfine-The game continuesin this way with each playerin turn tryingto rememberwhatthe other playerssaid and then sayingsomethingnew. check-incounter.L. Exampleroundwith a groupof five players: T Piayer 1: ?layer 2'.the playerswith the leastnumberof minuspointsare the winners.Theythentookat thissecond pageandwritedownwhatthe variouspeopleat the airportsaid. L The mothersaidthe planewas goingto land.e. E The man with the beardsaid he hadn'tqot K. H. the airport.) Player5: (beginningagatnt I m very happy. You saidyou didn'tfeet very well. Theteamwiththe mostcorrectsentences is the winner. The wife said they ought to hurry. I feet fine. Handout page59. .afraro M The husbandsaid he wouldietch a rrolre\ BUSH. ANSWERS: I I I I A. The announcementsaid all passengersto G. T T A n ds o o n . ! t T T I 58 I . P l a y e4 r: Y o us a r d.usingthe prompts. Tne siew'aroess said thev couldwait bv the had an accident. At the end. Handout page93. a The passengersaid he came trom Australia. Player1: Yousatd vou were very happy l'ttbe gtad when this lessonis over. .Explainthat the first playerhas to reportwhat you said and then say somethingnew for the next playerto rememberand report. You saidyou fett fine. I Begin by sayingI don't feel very wel/. Theymustnot look backat the firstpagewhiledoingthis. Appointteamsecretaries. You satCyou clicin'tfeei very welt.thingin his bag. You satdyou dicin'tfeel very weil. I I Dividethe classintoteamsof twoto threeplayers. Lagosshouldgo immediately to Gate Five. I'm going out. .s and getsa minus point. The girl explainedthat she had B. The oid man said he had been ver).writethe lettersA-M in the correctspeechballoons.TELEGRAPH ReportedSpeech: Yousaidyou didn'tfeetverywell.g. J. helpedby the restof theirteam.The teamsecretaries. I feli fine untit a monen: ago. Hints:Playa triairoundfirst. Playersget a minuspointif they (a) make a memorymistake:or (b) hesitatetoo long.

\- L"\ -V+ 5-. .M) in the correctspeechballoons. @>ffi R ka\ Thentry to memorisewhateachpersonsays. I I -la- I I1 I I II I I I I NOWLOOKAT THE 3 E C O N D7 A G E .:.You havetiu" rinut.I I t I I I Who is sayingwhat?Writethe letters(A . t I T I 'l I .-J.V + n -\-)l ! l I e l.

The team secretaries. What am I talkina about? I the classto guessthat you are tatkingaboutyour car. 7. Go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass. L .I atso needto have the clutch repairedand a nen'windscreen wiper fitted. 5.(a house) Youshould have the front tyre repaired. t need to have the brakes adjusted. For example: There are lots of things wrong with it.el Dividethe classintoteams of two to threJ ptayersand appoinl team secretarres. 8. haveto writedown the name of the objectyou are talkrngabout.He's havinghis should have the saddle raised. tt's tootow for you at themoment. I needto have the Drakes adlusted.ansr.t neec to have the braxes adJUstec. 3. He'shavinghis back massaged. . f V o u r.That might look nice. He's havinghis socksmenoed. Have something done (or Gef something donel: I need to have the brakesadiusted. l atso had somenew buttonsntf on ancl fhe sleeves shortened.Read out the firstdescription as an exampte: Thereare lotsof thingswrong withit. Thendividethe classintoteamsof twoto threeplayersand appointteamsecretaries. helpedby the restof theirteam. Two spokesin the backwheet are broken so you should have those replaced' Also.The winneris the firstteamto do thiscorrecilv./er.Have something done: He'shaving his hairdyeci. He's havinghis suit dry cleaned. l Thereare lotscf thingsvirongwith it. 9.Then t had them all cteaned and potished. Tne u/inningiearn is tne one tnat guessesthe most obiects. 9. E x a m p l ed e s c r i p t i o n s r: A c a c it c t n e r e v eo. photographs) I had two extractedand three fitted. ra fiim.+ Theteam secretaries. helpedDytne rest of tneirteam. i atso needto navet\e ciutch repairedanC a new winiscreen wiper fitted. He's havinghis shoes polished.Don. 10. INVENNONGAME I I 6.t they took nice? (teeth) 60 I I I I I I I I I . He s havinghis eyestesreo. He's havinghis shirt pressed.or you could have it cut short. 2. 4. He'shavinghis beardtrimmed. cat) G l had ii ciyedblack. carciigan. Then I'm going to havethem ail entarged andframed. (a bicyctel Youcould have it permed.t alsoneed to have theplumbing ripped out andcompietety reptaced and then I must have the wholeplace repainted. I suppose. I atso needto have tne clutch repatred and a new windscreen wiper fitted. .(hair) I'm having it developedat the moment.Pointout the passiverormhave+ object pastparticiple. He's havinghis toenailscut.or lacket) I should have the roof repaired. (a caat. l'!vias a really horribtecolour before. Preparesome descriptionsabout ditferentthings using the structure have(or get) + object+ past participle.thenwritesentences abouteachpictureusingtheverbsin thebox.Beornio reac oui vour OescriDticns sloDpingaflereach one foi'theteamsto discussand wrrtedowntneir. Explainthat you are goingto read out somedescriptions and that the teams haveto guesswhat object you are talkingabout.

v: #t.7\L(jr: t w t Use these verbs test - Y_(I.. t. L ] Ir rl 7ri(?trFa*{. 9. 10.M. 8. 6. I 3. @ ColinGrangerand John Plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching. 7. [. .-d " massage n r€Ss r Iake y ' ' \ t t-/pt t rl *'\#/ ory clean II I 2. t I I I I t I 4.U I T c I p tq I F t-=^ . 61 F- .

(by Pablo Picasso 1937) MohammedAli (CassiusClay)hadn'tbeen born yet.On the horizon was the EiffelTower. well. Dividethe classintoteamsof twoto threeplayers.Passive . I I I T T t T T t t .) Hints: Youcouldget teams of playersto writesimilarstoriesto test the rest of the group'shistorical knowledge. Napoleonloved to read booxs up a book and switched on his desk light.'No.thoughtNapoleon.telephoneitnvented.writedownfivemoresentences pointingoutthe Theteamsecretaries. ln front of him he could see the Arc de Triompheremindinghim of all his great victories.Had been done: Rock'n'rollhadn'tbeen thought of yet.' he thought.'he thoughtas he scanned the palace for signsof Josephine. Tellthe classthat you are goingto tell them a story about Napoleonwhich containsa numberof deliberatemistakes. (1950) OBSERUATION 4 . 'PerhapsI can see Josephine.'Why didn't Eiffel call it the Napoleon Tower?'. Waterloo. You will need a numberof storieswith a historicalsettingfor this Eame. Napoleontookedout of the windows of his stateroom which overlookedall Paris.Back to business!I suppose thats MarshalNey w. =-ifieinadn'toeen born yet. (1945) The Sound of Music hadn't been made yet. (1940) Guernicahadn't been paintedyet.ertension Passive. w i t ht n e p l a v e r sc o m i n gi n w r t hi n t e r r u p t i o nssu c ha s : Tne Arc de Triomphehadn't been builtyet. Thefirstteamto do thiscorrectlv ANSWERS: The atomic bomb hadn't been inventedyet.iththe latest nev"s aboul the Battleoi Waierioo. only it was called "War and Waf'.The playersshouldlistento the story and interruptyou wheneverthey spot a mistake. ('1965) Penicilfinhadn't been developedyet.l-1e picked up a gold telescopelying on the table next to him.tfought.'he specuiated. Appointteamsecretaries.'he murmured. 'War and Peace'.He picked o'[ George Washingtonon the wall. Beginto read the story: It was the year 1811. Tne crnematograph hadn't been inventedyet. (Otherdeliberatemistaxes:eiectriclrgnLiinvented. The telephonerang. lt was 'Now that would be a bock' 'lf which were about war. Battle of War and Peaceiwritten.t T J t t I T 62 t .He looked at the picture 'Did he have the same problemsas me?' he wondered. helpedby the restof theirteam. she must havegone to see one of thosenewlangled Lumii:rebrothers' cinematographs. 'Ah. deliberate is the winner.Had beendone: TheArc de Triomphe hadn't been built yet. mistakes in the picture. A n Cs o o n .

ocL-tn' roll hadn't beentho-yght ofget Find five more deliberatemistakes. 4. I I I I I I T h i s s c e n e s h o w s t h e n o t o r i o u sA m e r i c a ng a n g s t e rA l c a p o n e w i t h h i s g a n g i n a C h i g a g on i g h t c l u bi n 1 9 2 9 . andJohnptumb1995 9 9glil Granger F'u0trshed by Heinemann English Language Teaching. ffi iltl AI tttlor s+l ci t t t I I I I I I I I I I I r. 2.HOlV _A '. Usetheseverbs: \nvent make develop paint born 1. 5. 3. 63 r .l M : gHffi )./.O Q.T h e r e a r e a n u m b e ro f d e l i b e r a t em r s t a k e s in the picture.

Phrasal Verbs: Who is Danny going out with?
Go throughthe examplewith the wholeclass.Then,workingindividually
or in teams of two to three,the
playersmatchthe pictureswith the phrasalverbs in the box. They shouldthen completethe questions
with the correctform of the phrasalverbs.Set an eight-minutetime limitto completethe game. The
player/teamwith the most correctsentencesis the winner.

2. What time did tne planetake off?
3. Wny haveyou put ofi your dentalappointment?
4. Wnat time are you goingto wake up tomorrowmorning?
5. Haveyou iilledin the form?
6. Why has Julialallenoui with Danny?
7. Whv did you. car breakdown?
8 Are vou goinoto tell ofi the children?
9. Dc ycu take afterVouriatheror Vourmother?
pass away?
10. Wnen drd vour orandtather
11. :ar voL rooi,afle. my childrenfor half an hour?
12 Can I see vou oif at the station?




Phrasal Verbs: throw aw'av.look forw,ardto. xrow uD

Draw up a listci phrasalverbsaDpropriate
to the ievelof youl'students.
inese ohrasalverbs
shouldoe iaKenirornteachingmaterials(telits,dialogues.etc.)used in pasl iessonswrthyour stucjents.
As an exampie.writeup a listof fiveof thesephrasalverbson the board.Numbertheseverbs 1-5. Then
- in jumbledorcier- simpleblackboardcJrawings
theseverbsalongsidethem. Label
thesedrawtngsA-E. Then ask the class.workingin teams of two or matchyour d;'awings
the verbsin the iist.For example:
1. run over







3. tnrov,aw,a''

c. .




4. ctve up

5. look forwardto







Then give a lisi of frvedifferentphrasalverbs to each team. Get the teams to copy this iist on a separate
pteceof Daperand cirawa picturein jumbledorderrepresenting
each verDin theirlisi as you did in tne
example.Go roundthe classhelpingurithcomprehension
and ideasas they do this.
Tner:get the teamsto exchangepapersand matchthe drawingswiththe phrasalverbs.Teamswin .l
poinlfor eachverbthev quess.








M a t c ht h e p h r a s a lv e r b s w i t h t h e p i c t u r e s T
. h e n c o m p l e t et h e q u e s t i o n s
with the correctform of the verb.



















e - out with

ta\\ out
fili in



see off
teil off
Put off
take off
wake up




r. whoisDanny

9oin9. Plt

. . . . . . . . . .-? A t 1 2 . 3 0 .

3 . W h y h a v ey o u

y o u r d e n t a la p p o i n t m e ntto m o r r o w ?- B e c a u s el ' m t o o o u s y .


6' Why hasJulia


7 . w h y d i d y o u rc a r . . . . . . . . . . . .




...?- Juria.

2 . W h a tt i m ed i d t h e p t a n e

4 . W h a t t i m e a r e y o u g o i n gt o . . . . . . . .



_ At 7.00.
. . . .r o m o r r o wm o r n i n q ?

5 . H a v ey o u . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .t.h e t o r m ?_ y e s . I h a v e .
w i t h D a n n v ?- B e c a u s eh e w a s r u d e t o h e r .
. . . . . . . . ._? l l r a n o u t o f p e t r o l .

8 . A r e y o u g o i n gt o . . . . . . . . . . . . .

t h e c h i t d r e n_
? yes.

9' Do you """'....

. . . . . . .y o u r f a t h e ro r y o u r m o t h e r ?- M y f a t h e r .

10. When didyourgrandfather

. . . . . . . . ?_ L a s t v e a r .

11' Can you """""'

. . m y c h i l d r e nf o r h a l f a n h o u r ?- O f c o u r s e .

12' can 1"""""""'


9 99lil Granger
by Heinemann

. . . .a t t h e s t a t i o n ?- N o , l e t ' ss a y g o o d b y eh e r e .




or in pairs,the playersreadthethreepossible
and decidewhichis the
ANSWER:The true storv is C.

TRUEOR FALSE- extension


You could extendthis game by making up or findinginterestingderivationsof words and then reading
them to the playerswho have to decidewhetherthe explanationis true or false.For examote:
The word 'news' comes from the initial lettersof the words 'north', 'eas|, 'west', 'south'. This is
because it is the latestinformatroncomtngin from the four pointsof the compass.
(False:lt comes from the olC French word 'noveles'.)
The expression'CK' comes from the initialsof a Mr Otto Keiserwho worked for the Ford Motor
Companyin the USA in the early part of this century.Mr Keiser wcrked as chref checker for Ford and
hi< inh anncictoglof standing at the end of the assemblyline checking that the newty finished cars
were road-worthy.Mr Keiser had the habit of chalking his initialson the cars that passed his tests.And
in time these initials'OK' have come to mean OK.
(False:There are many theories for the derivationof 'CK' but this is certainlynot one of them.)
uarotEansare named after the Britishnobleman,the Earl of Cardigan who began the fasnionfor
wearing this garment in nis efforts to try to keep warm while fightingin the Crimean War.


T h e i - ; a y e r sv.r o r k i n g
i n d l v r d u a lot vr i n p a i r s a
. n d w i t ht h e a i c o f d i c t i o n a r i ecso. u l dt h e nw r i t es i m i l a trr u e
ano faisederivaiions
for tne rest of the classro quess.



t h i s i s D o v e r ' . h e n h e p u t a n o t h e rt h i c ks l i c eo f 'And b r e a d o n t o p o f t h e f i r s t s l r c ea n d s a i d . Why is a sandwichcalled a sandwich? O n l y o n e o f t h e s e s t o r i e si s t r u e . O n e d a y a S a n c j w i c hm a n was sitting having lunch with a man from D o v e r a n d a m a n f r o m C a n t e r o u r y .T h i s s t o p p e dt h e s a n d f r o m g e t t i n g o n t o t h e f o o d . l t i s b e c a u s eo f t h i s t h a t t o d a y w e c a l l s a n d w i c h e s' s a n d w i c h e s ' .'This piece of bread is C a n t e r b u r y 'T. E n g l i s hp e o p l el o v e p i c n i c s T .e a sEt n g l a n d .l o v e d p l a y i n g c a r d s . In this way he could eat w h i l ea t t h e s a m e t i m e c o n t i n u ep l a y i n gc a r d s . fl I t @ ColinGrangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEngtishLanguageTeaching o/ . S a n d w r c hi s a v e r y s m a l l t o w n w h e n y o u c o m p a r er t ' w i t he i t h e rD o v e rc r .t | t I T h e t o w n o f S a n d w i c h i s s i t u a t e db e t w e e n D o v e ra n d C a n t e r b u r yi n s o u t h .c e n t u rEyn g l i s ha r i s t o c r a tt. t B.T h e n h e p i c k e d u p a p i e c e o f c h e e s e . A .C a n t e r b u rbyu t the people who live there have alrvays c o n s i d e r e dt h a t i t i s a m o r e i m o o r t a n ia n d b e t t e rt o w n t o l i v e i n t h a n e i t h e r o f t h e o t h e r t w o l a r g e r t o w n s . It is because of the Earl of Sandwich that t o d a y w e c a l l s a n d w i c h e s' s a n d w i c h e s ' . h e y t i k ee a t i n gi n t h e c o u n t r y s i d e .O n e d a y he thought of a way of putting meat between two slices of bread.i n p a r k s a n d e v e n o n t h e b e a c h .t i s b e c a u s eo f t h i s m a n t h a t t o d a y w e c a l l s a n d w i c h e s' s a n d w i c h e s ' . W h i c h i s i t ? I -J P u t a l v l i n t h e b o x n e x tt o t h e t r u e s t o r y .-l A n e i g h t e e n t h . H e used to play cards all day and night and hated h a v i n gt o s t o p a g a m e f o r h i s m e a l s .lr.o u t r t b e t w e e nt h e t w o s l i c e so f b r e a d 'But this and said.T h e o n l y p r o b l e ma b o u t e a t i n go n t h e b e a c h i s t h a t t h e s a n d o f t e ng e t s i n t o t h e f o o d .T h e S a n d w i c hm a n p u t a t h r c ks l i c eo f b r e a do n t h e table and said. c. One day someone had the very good idea of p u t t i n gt h e m e a t o r c h e e s eb e t w e e nt w o s l i c e s o f b r e a d . tasty piece of cheese is S a n d w i c h ' l.h e E a r l o f S a n d w i c h .

Examplesentences: Cne of the faucets won't work on tne tub.P Dividethe classintoteamsof two to three'players Explaintnat you are and appointteam secretaries. automobile Go throughthe examplewiththe wholeclass.G panty-hose.K F 2.) Tne cicset is full of trash.) Go over the overpassand turn ieft a'l tne intersecilon. (Fit'stthe bumper fell off (the car'tand tnen i coulcn'i oDenthe Doci.A 3.B writeciowntheirideas.N 1 8 srdewalk.can-P 4. iTne cupboardts full of rubbrsh. Workthroughone or two exampleswith the wholeclass.) My billfold is in my pocket book.firstwritethe and appointteamsecretarres. diaper.L IJ WHAT ARE THEY TALKINGABOUT? Americanand British English.^^+ tduuvr. (My wallet is in my handbag.Whai was ffie name of the shop?) I m mac becauseyou'resttngy. eraser. Then beginto read out the sentencesgettingthe team secretaries.) The subway'ssomeplacenear here.ryt -_v^Qz rr r i at q rl'veoc! to buy'e cot and pram. Award1 pointfor each correctBritishEnglishequivalent. (Don't peep at me while I'm in the toilet. is the winner.tne rest of theirteam.) ib^.Thendividethe classintoteamsof two to threeplayers Theteamsecretaries.Givethe teamstime to discussand writedown theiranswersbeforeooinoon to the nextsentence. helpedb). elevator. The winnrngteam is tne one with the most pointsat the end.D 8. cookie.Vocabulary: 1^. (Cne of the tacs won'i work on the bath.Q 9. automobile. (The tube/undergroundis somewhere near here.C t 3 rest room .| 7.) Do you want one-way or a round-trtp? (Do you want a single (ticket) or a return?) Don't peek at me while I'm in the rest ltavc I" U ^ .Americanand British English. goingto readout some sentencesconiainingtwo AmericanEnglishexpressions whicnhavedifferent BritishEngiishequivalents and that the teamshaveto guesswhat is beingtalkedaboutand try tc wrile down the BritishEnglishequivalents.. +^^ Ld. lGo over tne flyover and turn leftar the crossroaos.J pants .M 5..F 6.Vocabulary: car.v ^ a ^r. . pictures English the American expressions under correct andthenmatchtheseexpressions withtheir BritishEnglishequivalent.R .) Frrsrlhe fende:iell off and tnen I couion'topen tne trunk. J' . candy.O 1 7 truck. withthe helpof the restof theirteam.) Wheredrdyou buy those sneakers?Whai was tne name of the store? (Wnere did you buy those trarners. (l'm angry becauseyou'remean. expressway 1 1 movre. ehaaJ\ .) Did you mail the package? (Did you post the parcel?) I bought this topcoat last fall. Thefirstteamto do thiscorrectly ANSWERS: 1 anartmonl - 1 0 garbagecan . (l bought this overcoat last autumn.) 68 I I I I I I I I I T T t t T T T t . ul lu -nd al tv t Go J 9 .J.H t o shorts .

nebilg.. . . motorway t . . rirm B.. c.. . rubber 69 purse truck (flov\e erage( sldewa/k oan|'hose ... . p a n r s.. {l ^+ ilcll . . . . . "^..t.l o rest roorn snons candY garbage can cookie d\aper e/evator N o w c o n n e c t h e A m e r i c a ne x p r e s s i o n sr v i t ht h e i r B r i t i s hE n g l i s he q u i v a l e n l s .. ..?Y. ... rvr I y . o.. . ' " u t. G .. N. .. . sweet E. J.w ''m /t:" \ 1-^\ 13\BvP . handbag L.-6 can pants aPartmenl exPresswaY d{/torn^r. .. . t i f t...DJTIHtrTSIRISNTGISS 2 It W r i t et h e s eA m e r i c a nE n g l i s he x p r e s s i o nusn d e rt h e D r c t u r e s . .. . nappy @ Colin Grangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguaceTeachinq R.. tin H .. .. . M . . . . . ll r.. F. tights. . .. .. . . p u b l i ct o i t e. . t I I t t I I t t I I I I I I I T l q. nt\/am6ni t s g ' v r l D . .. biscuit o. .. trousers P. .. ..

Then get each team to read out their list in turn.€ESnednore euesttcns. Youshculdn'thave drunk so much.Y o uc o u t dp l a yf u r t h e rr o u n o sv ' l i t ho i t e r e : r si t a r t e r si . Youshouldn't have driven sa fast. helped05. My wife/husband left me. Playersget a minuspointif they (a) makea memorymistake. At the end.and shouteciso much. Workingindividually or in pairs. a : ' : a ' o J ' ' r tf r : s l . t t I t I T I il t . Set a three-minute time limit.The game continueswith each playerin turn tryingtc remembei'what the last playersaid.just correctthe mistakeand let the piayercontinue. 70 I didn't pass the exam. Youshouldn'tnave drunk so much and brokenthat winCow.Aopointteam secretaries. Explainthat the first playerhas to repeat this sentenceand add a new criticismto accusethe next playero{. Telltne teamsthat they shouldn'twritesentenceswhich simplysay the samething in a differentway.the playershaveto writeeightmoresentences aboutwhatGeorgeshould havedone.the restof therrteam.shouted so much and danced with the policeman.c ' e x a m c i e Yor-sht.the team with the most originalsentenceslett is the winner. the team secretaries shouldcrossout any duplicatesentenceson theirown list. He should have polishedhis boots. Shouldn't have done: Youshoutcin':have overtakenthe lorry.or (b) hesitatetoo long. timelimit. Beginthe game by saying Youshouldn'thave drunk so much. We lost the tennis match.i0.) beginning again) Youshouldn't have made so much fuss.r3i. This food l've just cockeC tastes terrible.:shoulc'havecrlven more slowly.The playerwiththe mostcorrectsentences ANSWERS: He should have shaved. Exbmpleroundwith a groupoJfive players: P l a y e r1 : Player2: vt2\taf < Piaver4: Pta\/or \' P l a . e. (This piayer makes a memory mistake and so gets a minus poin!..) Hints:Youcouldplayfurtherroundswith new situations..(Checkthat all the remaining sentencesare correctand that they are appropriateto the siiuationof a road accident. LONG SENTENCES GAME He should have emptiedthe ashtray He shouldhave hung up his clothes He should have sewn on the button..Do not penaiise playersfor grammarmistakes. H i n t s :r i a . INVENTION GAME Should have done: Yot.e.As the otherteams read out theirsentences. I didn't get the job.g. Youshouldn't have drunk so much. Explainthat the team secretarres. for example: I was sacked from my job. For example: Youshould have driven more slowly.and then addinga new item to the sentence. My businesshasgone aankrupt. Yousrcuil nave es^edmore ouestionsand worxedharcier.g. Youshouldn't have drunk so much. Write up I haa an acctdentin my car. He should have made his bed.Seta five-minute wins. r etr: Youshouldn't have drunk so much and broken that window. Youshouldn'thave made so much fuss and become sa anerv. Youshouldn't have overtakenthe lorry. He should have taken down the photographs. Youshould have driven more slowly.Should have done: He should have cleaned his rifte. broken that wrndow. He shouldhave combedhis hair Shouldn't have done: Youshoulcin'thavedrunk so mucn. I I I I T T I t t And so on Tne playerwith the leastnumberof minusporntsis the winner. shoutedso much . Dividethe ciassintoteamsof two to tnree players. broken that window. have to write down as many agpropriatecriticismswith you should have and you shcuiCn'thave as they can think of. Burglars broke into my house.

He alwaysgetstold off whenthe sergeant i n s p e c th s i s r o o me v e r yM o n d a ym o r n i n g . I t i s M o n d a yn o wa n d t h e s e r g e a nits s o o n g o i n gt o m a k eh i s i n s p e c t i o nW. 6. I W r i t e e i g h t m o r e s e n t e n c e sa b o u tw h a l G e o r g es h o u l dh a v e d o n e b e f o r et h e i n s p e c t i o n this morninq.l > l 1 RURTIONS I t Georgeis not a very good soldier. I I t T II I I 4. 5. i I T Use these verbs: shave t^ YUp po\isn rnake ^o. h a ts h o u l d G e o r g eh a v ed o n e ? I I I I I t t t I I Hes''vtld haveclequed his rifle . 7. @ Colin Grangerand John plumb 1995 l'ublishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguage Teachinq 71 d .N oo take down co$D enpu 1.

For example: The man could have lit a cigarette. for example: The cats could have had very poor eyesight.Appointteamsecretaries. It could have been very dark. He must have usedthe candleor the lamp. The driver could have stopped by intuition. the team with the most sentencesleft is the winner. He must havegot out of the windowor the fanlight. aboutthe robbery. There couid have been somethingin the middle of the pipe. He must have stood on the desk or the stool.Again. Get the two teams to checkthat the other team's explanationsare logicallypossible. His back vias turned so the driver couldn't see his face. t i a r c t n e is l t u a t t o n .ln front of the car a man was crossing the road. At the end. Another cat walked to the other end of the pipe and looked in. 72 I f f . DEDUCTIONGAME Could have done: The catscouldhavehad verv poor eyesight. Whatcould be the explanatronc Tne tearnsecreiaries. Explainthat you are goingto read out a situationwhichcouldbe explainedin a numberof ways: There was a pipe. 3. 2. The driver could have wanted ta stop anyway. 5.then haveto writedcwn as manypossible explanations as they can thrnkof.but they mustbe logicallypossible. I R e a i o . There could have been a full moon. What could be tne explanation? Then discusspossibleexplanations. Thev didn't see each other. The man could have been singing very loudly.l . The pipe could have been bent. 4. There were no sireei ltgntsyel the oflvermanagedto brake and stop in time. Seta three-minute I ANSWERS: t 1. The cats could have both blinked at the same moment. The catsiooKedtn theptpe at otf.l I *l Must have done: He must have hidden in the cupboard or in the chest. for this game. reliihem the true'explanation'. I: I I J I -l I i I . 150 cm long and 30 cm wide. timelimit.Theteamwiththe mostcorrectanswersis the winner.t'erent trmes. Could have beendoing: Theman couldhave been smokinq. helpedby the restof theirteam. evenfantastic. Youneed a numberof puzzlesituations.l lf ncrcoVsuooestsii. A cat walked to one end of the pipe and looked tn.writeanswersto the questions Theteamsecretaries. The two teams then read out their explanations. He was cressed comptetelyrn black. The driver could have had very good night vision. The explanations can be imaginative. A car w'asbeing driven with no headlights. I Dividethe classintoteamsof twoto threeplayers. The man could have been smoking. He must have usedthe swordor the dagger. Dividethe class into two teams and appointteam secretaries.The team secretariesshouldcross out any duplicate explanationsread out by the other team. helpeCby tne rest of theirteam.l I i I I I I d . He must have hiddenin the cupboaroor in the chest.if nobooy thoughtof it tell them the 'true' explanation:/t happenedin the middteof the dav.

T h e p o l i c et h i n k t h e r o b b e r yh a p p e n e d s o m e t h r nlgi k et h i s . t I I @ ColinGrangerand John plumb j995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching- t.t utu t1a ) rcpLIGHT? (lHEEEfretW WASTURIED OFF) WHtrDIDHL TAND ONTO . . H e m u s th a v eu s e d objectsin the room i n t h e m u s e u mt o carryout the robbery a s a l l v i s i t o r sa r e searchew d h e nt h e y e n t e rt h e m u s e u m . WHERE D{DfiElHIEF HIDEWHEN lHESECURMY GUARD CHECKED wHA. ^ ilvu He then came out a f t e rt h e g u a r d s h a d l e f t .t . A ' v i s r t o sr 't a y e d behrnw d h e nt h e m u s e u mc l o s e d ^ l clt The thiefhid s o m e w h e r ew h i l e t h e s e c u r i t yg u a r d { . .. 2.l I DTTECTIVE A v e r y v a l u a b l ep a i n t i n gw a s s t o l e n f r o m t h i s m u s e u m l a s t n i g h t . .c u t t h e a i a r mw i r e a n d s t o l et h e p a i n t i n g . DIDHEGFT'\ HOW OW OF'IUEPCC/'? omBwas fne ' L)&EDWt THEauTSTDE) in+he u?aoo$?rinlhechest l? fy:l hI 7widden Writetwo possibilities for eachquestion. .

.workingindividually or in teamsof twoto three players. the playerswritesentences for eachpictureunderthe correctcolumnand usinq -ingor the lo infinitive.. Youre horrible. I can'i help snoring. The ord ti'amprmagrned. n e y ' a r en o i a l l o w e dr c a s k y o u q u e s t i c n cs J : r ' .Can you help me .for exampie: aontt arrange gtve up Then work througha few exampieswiththe whcle class.. i 1. l'm verynappya|tne momentbecauseln tearning. Go throughthe examples withthewholeclass...ited breaxrnginto the house. I avoid going on the roads.. i1e w'ascored so I suggesled.. I can't affordto stay here.parents-aaveup ..irrne.Then. write the iist of verDson the bcard.aysof endingthe sentencesyou read out with eitherlne -ingform or the lo rnfrnitive Read ou: tne grcrnpts....Jc n c : i u i t t ' l r J e : s i a 1 ci : r ep : c m l l \ J U n a v er e a do ' J t T .. 10.. The thief admitted stealingthe money. I was so tired I deciied nat .. l'm sorry but the cioctot'isbusy.c i a s s .. I nope to get out withouthifii seeingme I want to see that film. i5. 6..Verb + -inE I enjoy staying in bed. I expectto find a job soon. ) 1 Tne tntefaJmifteci. I need tc practlse. a! .harciso I pcstconed. 'i Tne 3... 2 i4/naitrmediA infinitive combinations. 9. for examDie: The tnieraimttted .Dcn't prerend . focc rn the restaurantwas sa Dac tne nanaxer oflerea.'erevenij tne\. i4..Fcr example.. s h o u l do c o n t o t n e n e x tp r o m o ia s s o o na s y o u s t a r tr e a d i n gi t . acmit'say.. ANSWERS: -lng form i enroystayingin bed.. 5. P o s s i b l ep r o m p t s : ( A d a Dttc i n e k n o w i e d ooef v o u r . I refuse to move. t h4t'ccvft'renicienied.poinito the firstverb on your lrst. Verb + fo Infinitive: LUhattime did vou arranae to come? Preparea iist of promptswhichwillelicitverb+ -ingand verb .Do you mrnd. l! was rarningvery.Sei a iime limitof two minutesaftereach one for the teamsto discussanc fo: i:e iearnseci'eiailes io V''i'lte dcwn ineiranstrvers Explainthai they shouldatlenrptan ans\.t c : . I keep on makingthe same mistake I miss goingto work INVENTIONGAME fo infinitive I refuseto move. tnel. 16 ll41t teachergot reallyangry ani threateneo. :Wnaittme diCyou arranoe....: game.. 7.. Explainthat the tearns havetc thrnko{ v. Verb + -ing: The thief admitted taking the CD piayer.tired.Alsc expiarntnai ii theliare unabieto thinkof an endingor vyriteocvvntheiranswerin .and eliciilrom the classsome possibiewaysof enclingthis senrence: Tne tnief acjmittedtaking the cD player.v!can't manage... I promrseto writeto you. 8.. i2.. The firstplayer/team to completethiscorrectly is the winner.. Ml.. Ihe thie'fadmitted. The thief aomi. Verb + fo Infinitive:.. i feel likegoingior a swim.. !ve gai so littlemone. Dividethe classintoteams of two to threeplayersand appoiniteam secretaries.: etc.. i m really.. 3 Tne ccctot totCme ic gtve up .

I I l : I \ @ Colin Grangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglish LanguageTeaching.1.sfeylng]a bqd: t a L I reTuse lo wove .u! s\aJnare go for t\\rn tha\ a make swiD rnove the samemisrake see snore go on the roads go to rrve. enjoy can'taitord reluse /( t( ( avoid k e e Po n finoaiob seeingt" soon \nbed get outwithouthim r.u s e t h e w o r d s i n t h e b o x a n d b e g i ne a c h s e n t e i c e w i t h / .S o m e o f t h e m a r e f o l l o w e db y t h e .JI 2 EAtrE@@RIES I I I I I I I I I I I I I I t L c o k a t t h e s ev e r b s . 75 .i n q f o r ma n d s o m e o f t h e m a r e f o l l o w e db y t h e f o i n f i n i t i v eW .erSey . n t e a s e n t e n c ep u t t i n qt h e m i n t h e c o r r e c tc o l u m n . writeto you -ing form to infinitive l.

foundsne nad forgctlenlvlasin"ani Juiiefies airirnetrcKets to the and the weddingcake.An.Pointout howthe differentrelativepronounsare used: wholor people.nichwas oLtl: as a ic:tress and oriscn.when the wedding Juiietre. Juiietlealso got very angrr.wherefor places and when for time. Afterv. Preparea lrsio'lsialementsconcernrng generalknowleclge. I Chiararan tc a teiephonebox tc ask Kostos.when the weddingreception!\as over anCeverybodvwas outsrcetne nolel.was siale.had forgottento buy a iiim. .who was payrng{orthe recepiion. / a J e * sa . GENERALKNOWLEDGEQUIZ RelativeClauses(Non-defining\:Jonn Lennon. But the car.whosefor possession. -1 Charlte C''a: r .ie of Lcnoons .Go throughthe example with the whole class.Tcsl pcc:.who was supposedto lake photoaraphs Then N. w. 3 e 1 : s) i v i c e t l e c t a s si n t ol e a m so f t w o t o t h r e ep l a v e r sa n d a o o o r ntte a ms e c .voi tne horel. Tne Alnambra v/nereyou can w..<il' ! .ctne facis looetner u s i n en o n .becauseher cousinLucy. ' e .art. s u r e : i a : a l r e i a t r v e pronounsare Di'ao|sed. winner. rs t.cnly arrivedat 5 o crock.running down the road.Tnen Masr:-and Juiiettegot inlo tneir car and saio goodovetc everybod\.wherelhev were gcino to navelnetrhoneymoon.who works in a iraveiagents. . 3 S .serrcia:' verv angrvand complainedto ihe managei'.o e f i n i nrqe a i i v ec i a u s e sF o r e x a m p l e : 1 Jc'.Then Chiara.whose boyfriendis very learcus. O : ta ' i a ? r : a T O i ' S S a .The first team to do this correctlyis the winner.taxito the airpori.wneretne wedcjrng were very unfrrendl.<a J r a t ^ L i v e t D S O : ' 1 9 1 5 C t e C\ \ ' ' ! e r s n i y .. ANSWERS: Masimis alwayslate.Relative Clauses (Non-defining): Juliette.anderin rnant leauilful garJensand counl'ards.then r.:' rrno r.wratenan\ iamcussJios The frrsitean:tc oc :nlsccrrectl).was wartingoutsidethe churchat 11 o clock. Tne teari'. r i dl e c ' e c a r e dr n 3 a t e c c : e ss u c ha S / a ? J J s g e c p t e c. <: J . Dividethe class into teams of two to three playersand appointteam secretaries. .ol a Ycteg Gtri v ' . -ei^. h e n n'i'ilev-rui'siaternerlsln iumoledorceras three irstscn tne Doard Fcr example: / t ^ ^ - 2 . The team secretaries. For exampie: The Tcwerc' -Jnocr.:-c i/'rs n. .<3 3 T ' a C a e r a c l e r A ' i a e t i i e ! ' a : 1 9 i'./nlr tne CarntvainKes place.vrjiesentenceslointr.. This listshouldsuitthe culturalsiandpoiniol v o u rs i . 3 ' r r .lasims of the wedding.helpedby the rest of the team.-a:t l?e D. : .whoseboy'friend was to take place.:s o.ards receptiontook place. wnose boyfriend Masim is always late.whosewatchhad stopped.wnich had cost a lot ol money. Juiietlesiather.wouldn'istan and thev had to catch a bus tc the arrocrt.'.smileda loi at Masim. when the wedding was to take place. 76 I t II I I I I I I T I I . sE . wrote many famous D)rr tt -tveiDoolrn 1915.nen Rio is mosi crowCed.Tne manaqer askednrmto _ocintothe lobb.overloov.who rs her boss to sendthe licketsD).t.The siafl at tne horel everybodywent to tne DuKeHotei.whichlney nad hrredlc: tre wecc:ne. iuiienes besi lriend.n i m a . I I I friendDave.s ine cftt' of Granaaa.wnere twc secuntyguardsthrewhtm out.s2. is tne ttme of the 5.Chiara. ' { " r t 1 .who was born in Liverpoolin 1945. then haveto completethe story of the disastrous wedding.v.ine i'esiof tneirteam. was waiting outside the church at 11 o'clock. whichtor things. T n e o u r zc o .a:'rcJnst A!LldeLlUilJ. : i . e l a n e sT.:.< . c/fe:ieJ nosi ot.She was just aboutto go home when she saw

! . . . .o n l Va r r i v e da t 5 o ' c l o c k e. T h e e p i s o d ew a s a b o u t a d i s a s t r o u sw e d d i n g . .4.^3r+*dl m{sl f o u n d s h e h a d i o r g o t t e nM a s i ma n d J u l i e t t es a r r l i n e tictc'c tn tho fl:n:rv lclan. t t ili -c I Itr v i ^ 4 Juliette. ..:..\ *t 'o" r e c e p t \ o n ' w o r k si n a t r a v e la g e n t ' s .h.i.|q.?!!. zf- I I C h i a r ar a n i c a t e i e p n o n eb o x t o a s k K o s t o s ...l. r u n n i n od o w n the road..w o u l d n ' ts t a r t a n d t h e y h a d i o c a t c ha b u s t o t h e a i r p o r t . I t I I . a d f o r g o t t e nt o b u y a f i l m . .ic.:. .\v. where. .!s.P u t t h e p i c t u r e si n t h e r i g h to r d e r and then completethe story.. .b. which.Yft. t6re+ T h e s t a f f a t t h e h o t e lw e r e v e r y u n f r i e n d l va n d t h e w e d d i n q c a k e . ..rl*.. .lt I Look at these picturesfrom last week's episodeof a TV soap called Londoners.. . h e n i v l a s i m a n d J u i i e t t eg o t i n t ot h e i rc a r J I n t t I T I t T t I .. . . . a/--<-: l {. . . . whose.-. t.1. waswaiting outside {-\. the wedding receptiontook place r t h e y w e r e g o i n gt o h a v e t h e i rh o n e y m o o n two securityguardsthrew him out . . Fffiil Afteruvards everybodywent to the Duke Hotel.9" I at 11o'crock. . was staie.ig. s e n d : h e : r c { e t sb y t a x i t o t h e a i r p o r tT..".. .!q!e. . r. thechurch shewasiusraboutto g o h o m ew h e n s h e s a w M a s i m . T- ffi T:-- -'a6-f " watch had stopped T h e n i l l a s r ms f r i e n dD a v e . .. . when and the words in the box.... o .1j!3. h i a r a .. ..". . .J u l i e t t ea l s o g o t v e r y a n g r yb e c a u s eh e r c o u s i nL u c y .ygzp. . . . . s. ^ n t'o( was pay\r\e boyfriendMasim is alwaYslate' .(!. . .ry.?:y.".r.hg. Use who.*'": andcomplained the hotel.Mr. l r J u i i e t t e ' sf a t h e r ... . . utthe car a n d s a r dg c o o b y et o e v e r y b o o y B .-". m i l e da l o t a t M a s i m . T -'<<ftt:>. they had hired for the wedding' the weddingreceptionwas over and everybodywas outsidethe hotel wasSuppoSedtotakephotographsoftheweddingboyfriendis very jealous of mone!' had cost a lot @ ColinGrangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching 77 the wedding was to take place .".8^i J u i r e t t se b e s tf r r e n d C . .rq.. / A--\F !! ffi.l.

she asked him what his favourite soap was. Exampleround: P l a y e1 r: Pl)\taf )' Plaver3: Player4: Player5: She asked me hcw I was. E He askedher if il was safeto swim in the sea. helpedby the restof theirteam. K He wantedto know if she had any matches. l1e askedme if l'd hacia good ttme lastnight. Did you havea good ttme iastnryht?The game continueswrtheach c i a v e rI n t u r n1 i ' y r nIoc r e m e m D e i ' w n tani e l a s tp l a v e rs a i da n d t h e na d d i n oa n e w q u e s t t o n tc theltst.D c n o t o r v ep l a v e r s . lle asked her if she'd had a gooci time last night..thenwritedownwhatquestions the different peopleaskedat the holidaycamp.just correctthe mistakeand let the nexi plavercontinue. i He wantedto know hon' long dinnerwouldbe. LONGSE'VTEVCEGAME Reported Questions: Sheasked me how I was. Theymustnot lookbackat the firstpagewhiledoingthis.Seta fifteen-minute timelimitfor themto complete the sentences. Do you like watching soaps on TV? she asked him how he was. He asked her if she'd had a good time lastnight. m a k ea m e m o r ) ' m i s i a k e( b: r h e s i i a r e t o o l o n g . Handout page94 andgo throughthe examples withthe wholeclass. ANSWERS C She askedwhatthe!' had been eating. she asked him what his favouritefood was..) (continues)She asked hrm how he was.question.Pointoutthetwo different typesof reportedquestions: to knowif .Thengetthe teamsto coveror handyou backpage79.aee minusporntsfo: Qramn"lar mrstakes a mix of direciancjindrrectquestrons. Theteamsecretaries. F Sne askedhim wnat he had said.. Hints:Playa trialroundbeforeplayingfor real.for example. Handoutpage79 and givetheteamsfiveminutesto studyand memorise the picture. 78 I . At the end.Theteamwiththe mostcorrectsentences is the winner.he was.are)/outooay?Explain that this clayerhas to reportycur questionto the nextplayerand then ask him or her a ne!\.the playerwiththe leastnumberof minuspointsis the winner. Dividethe classintoteamsof twoto threeplayersandappointteamsecretaries. (Thisptayer hesitatestoo long and so oels a mtnuspctnt.) And so on.Reported Speech (Questions): She askedhim if he had packed the tin oDener. Did you have a good time lastnrght? sne asked htn how he was.for examlie. (This player makes a memory mistake and so getsa minuspoint. Photocopy pages 79 and 94 to play this game.Encoui.How. Begrnthe game by askingthe nearestplayertoyou a question. He askedher if .. G Sne wantedto knowwhereshe couldget some water H He askedher what she was listeningto. J He asked him if he had lockedthe car.She askedne how lwas. M Sne askedher if she wouldpass her the kniie. P l a v e r sg e : a m i n u sD c t n it ' t h e y r a . D He wantedto know if she criedat night. what's your favouritefocd? sne asked hrm how. tordirectquestions asked/wanted (questions thatdon't havea questionword)and asked/wanted to know+ question wordfor indirectquestions (questions that beginwitha questionword). L Sne askedhim if he was goingto the discothat night.

J.L F.I?. J. NOWLOOKAT THE gECOND 7AGE.il8..stt. *gffiii\. ox9? wryu. HAVE 'ANY YOU MATCHCP: . '-!r'r N \ 7 .f.vOU . F. '1 hR!^'16'? N! '\ .or".' \\.Y o u h a v e f i v e m i n u t e s .!l It I W h oi s a s k i n gw h a t ?W r i t et h e l e t t e r s( A . I T II I Fr ir\ 'rl I I I I II T h I l t t I A. E. .a-r<.6srre? '' Mtr O ColinGrangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching 79 DOE) 7HE CRY AT NIGHT? ''OtJ WHATDIDYOUgAY? G. W H A TH A V E Y O U B E E NE A T I N G ? D . #'#iff. HAVEYOU LOCKED T H EC A R ? GOT. w H A r T I M ED O E 3T H E 3 H O 7O P E N ? c.M )i n t h e c o r r e cst p e e c hb a l l o o n s lruffi -() Y- t It I T h e n t r y t o m e m o r i s ew h a t e a c h p e r s o ns a y s . D I DY O UP A C KT H E TIN OPENER? I 5 I T S A F ET O S W I M IN THE9EA? -o#*hoJ-n#' L. B.

Wish + Past Perfect= I wish I had put on different shoes. They are not allowedtc ask you ouestionsduringtne not fullyunder. 7. I've cut my ftngerbadlY. 8. 9. 7 .for regretthe speakercouldthen Then elicitfrom the classwhat appropriate example:t'vegot stomachache. goingto read out promptsand that the teams have to write appropriateregretsusing / wish + past perfect or lf only / + past pertect.Thendividethe classintoteamsof two to threeplayers Go throughthe examples helpedby the restof timelimitfor the teamsecretaries. verbs in perfect the top partof the box past the o{ the and with r.A i s oe x p l a i nt n a tt { t n e ya r e u n a b l et o f i n d a n e x p l a n a t i oonr w r i t ed o w nt n e i ra n s w e rl n t l r n e t.I wish I hadn't eaten so mucn. wish I hadn'tboughtso mucn snopplng I wish I had seen a differentiilm with my boy'friend. I wish I hadn'tquarrelled I I wish I had eatenin a differentrestaurant. I've burnt myself. n e Y shoulCgo on to the nextcromp'las scon as you start readingit of your class. Explainthat you are Dividethe classintoteamsof two to threeplayersand appointteam secretaries.Set a time limitof two minutesaftereach one for the teamsto discussancjfor tne to writedowntheiranswers. prepare a list oi promptsconnectedto healthand ailmentsto elicit wishiifonly + past perfect. 80 .2 l'yp nof vcrv hao sunblrn. lf only I hadn't drunk allthat apple iutce. !'ve got a bad colO 5 l'vc oot e sorc tnroat. .) Possiblesituations:(Adapito the knowlecige 1 I vc ool e heaaacae. Read out the prompts. I hadn'tdrivenso fast. I I \. withthewholeclass. express. 10.stand g a m e .Explainthat they shouldattemptan answereveni'itheydo team secretaries tne promptyou have read out.for example: INVENTIONGAME I've got stomachache. 6. I've got a hangover. Seta ten-minute and appointteamsecretaries. wish I had caughtthat bus. ANSWERS: wish I hadn'tforgottenmy umbrella.Yish Wish/lf only + Past Perfect: I wish I hadn't eaten so mucn. sentences correct most with the team The andthe phrasesin the bottompartof the box. Ive sprarnedmy complete is the winner. I've damagedmY heanng. k\ - t | f 1. Q I r r a th' ts t' rt l m r r ehvav r. 5 .rnsh the sentences theteam.

.-\ /2aJ / 1Iu'it2 )i /t { ( U s e t h e s ew o r d s : eal catch buy r n a d i f f e r e n tr e s t a u r a n t so fast rt uarrvn" a t ouarrel ' dtrt' " -" I t ' t r. @ Colin Grangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching 81 r .- l l \ i i l . .-r m b r e l l a s o m u c hs h o P P i n g Park differentshoes that bus put 0n sog on the pavement with my boyfriend a different film I had puf % d#ter-e4b. 8.Pavernevl 3. What are theythinking? -i r->-li ') L----i l.hges_.N i n e p e o p l ei n t h e s t r e e ta r e w i s h i n gs o m e t h i n g .- / 'rl/\ <]g> /= . 1 { 2. :l4 1l l l aU\ )l ) lt.11 r \vb/ \iJP i -.rt:hI haAn't *fLgd "ilh ffi gvt{he.. l . 6.^'\ a\^ !X(ll uuu - / j ( i L . 5. ^ \ - . 7.):.I ERURIIONE T I I I I I I I I J I t t t I I I I I I L o o k a t t h t s p i c t u r eo f a s t r e e t . 9. 4..

secreiafres g ame Example l r e y o u c u : l n c o u e s t r o n s v v n ci n s i a m o u sD e i .erepiaytngai ihe ttme.I would stillbe a minister. lf he haonl climbecup tne course. Handout page aiO go through secretaries' team The participle' past + have /i+ pastperfect+ would(n't) of the sentence: structure happened to what avoided have people coulcj the how helpedby the restof theirteam.T h e ya r e n o i a l t o r v etdc a s k ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ L . Then read out the team secreiaries. lf he hacin'tstoodon the chairhe wouldn'thave brokenhis arm' 3.acters and my.nobad'/woutdhavefoundout.thenwritedown first at the back look not must They the sentences. I vtouldn'inave ieli if we hadn'i iaterDecarne abouttnektnaoi ninstcn.aDoutthlngs everythingwouldn'thave ended so badly' Denmark' to gone back not and in German. ll he hadn'tgot intoa fight. to coveror handyou get teams the picture.The teamwiththe mostcorrectsentences ANSWERS: 2. timelimitforthemto complete them.tay mrstaxe.he wouldn'thave got a blackeye' 6.v it wouid have been betterif Ic stavecai university.. Drvrcethe classIntoleams of two to threeplayersand aDpornt d i s c u s sa n d f o t ' t h et e a m t o f o r t e a m s t h e o n e e a c h s p e e c h e tne ca. (Hamlet) you couldplaya furtherroundof the game with speecheswrittenby the students.|ihehad|ookecjatwnathewasdoing'hewou|dn'thavecuthisiinger.he woulon'thaveDrursednts leg' I REGRET. she wouldn'thavegot foodPoisoning.if t hadn'tthougnisc mucr. +aizinn o Frriha.t would stillbe a minister. 82 .a politicianwho has been recentlyexposed gut if that stuprdman {n.inventedspeecnesthat famouspeople(bothlivingand dead)ancjfictitious actionsthey havedone in the past' Go thougna coulcihavesaid regrettrng chai. Handout page83 and Dividetheclassintoteamsof twoto threeplayersand appointteamsecretaries. e ra t r m ei r m i to f t w o m i n u i e sa f t e : ' e'renif tne. hadn..vare nol su!'e ansvrel an attempt shouic they lneri rccas =xplarntha'i tc wi-ileocv. whole the with gS example the UacXpage83. Dranarea nrrmbero{ short. Unreal Past Conditionals(ThirdConditional): Of course.if t hadn'ttakenthe money. s c rns . ta ocalkeeperrecenttvin tne new's) won theleagueif I hacjn'tmace thatone Fernaps Of course.ev. l'fshe had gone downthe sleps. Then the givetheteamstwo minutesto studyand memorise Pointoutthe class.r. 7.(a mustctanwno lefi a band whrcl" very'famcus) twould have Deenabie to stop them sccrino.Seta ten-minute winner' is the pagewhiledoingthis. 5. vi ful td^li19 o uttvY. Photocopy pages83 and 95 to play this game.thological in the press few exampieswiththe wholeclass. ^ a ..UnrealPastConditionals(ThirdConditional): tf shehad cookedthe chickenmore.for example. : J = C v i l U J . lf I haon'tnoveC av.Elicitfromthec|asswhatthen the personrs. lf she had read the instructions.Weo hav'e fron ine ooai-irne.ttotdthelournalistseverything. if I hacjn'ttaken the money.she wouldn'thavesprainedher anKie I c De ncn ano famcus now. li she had worn her seatbellshe wouldn'tnave injuredher neck' she wouldn'thave burnther hand 4. hal a ftgnt if Id stavecw.

L o o k a t t h i s h o s p i t a cl a s u a l t yw a r d .t (<t l tll ) l 7a. l . I ill I I I . F i n d t h e s e p e o p l e : - s o m e o n ew h o h a s f o o d p o i s o n i n g s o m e o n ew h o h a s b r o k e nt h e i r a r m heirneck s o m e o n ew h o h a s i n . 1 u r et d t h e irhand b u r n t h a s s o m e o n ew h o s o m e o n ew h o h a s g o t a b l a c k e Y e s o m e o n ew h o h a s c u t t h e i r f i n g e r s o m e o n ew h o h a s s p r a i n e dt h e i r a n k l e s o m e o n ew h o h a s b r u i s e dt h e i r l e g Y o u h a v e t w o m i n u t e st o m e m o r i s ew h o h a s w h a t .rl lt h II t (J N# l I I i! I @ Colin Grangerand John plumb 199S Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching f .a.

a ire cthersare doingbeforedecidtng. C r : : e D C a ' C l t .d r i ). r o u o pausing atlerbeginninga conversationas though there shouldbe a fullstop there).s i u f f . Deornnrnc lF tne sea alc was cornpieiet\wei l'Jra iitlte!tri ran pasi hrm.nolornoup ine appropriatepieceof paoer.i a l ' . Continuein this way untilthe story has been successfullyread by a player.lCnecxtna: all lne '. Ask eacirDiayerto write 5E and / in largecapitaiietters.chtp'CneaP.. .'is iefi rs tne cn tner itstswhrchare reaa cu: J\ ctre: ieams. . . f .The iong ee soundol hee!and the Grvethe classexamDles 'i snori soundol hill. e u i u .As soon as the playermakes a mistakein his or her reading(for example. town 1-i-^ VOTINGGAME Pronunciation Y o uw i i in e e dl i s t so f n i n i m a lp a i r sf o : t n t sg a m e . D a c K S i a xs: e e r i* l e a | : n e u .l a l . neadlc iool. orrppingwatereverywhereSne !1fi. r .heel.i c u C ln o l s e. K r r t e S c u s h t c n Rhymingtwirls f .v " t ' i i o ilnrg :'':l: v.T n e m i n i m apl a t r sy o u c n o c s es n c u i or e f l e cttn e s o u n d sheep'snipslt'sial. ! .At tne end.)The texts are then passedaroundfrom playerto playeras above.tne tean' witn lne n 3s: cc :hymewtth ntghI wrnner. h o m e c o m b b .Pronunciation StorY telling Ask a playerto begin readingthe story about LewisCarroll. 4 .the plaversmatchtwo wordswhich havethe sarnernvme' ANSYi/ERS S i o r yt e l l i n g T n e E n a l t s fw r r t e rL. : a i .a l o n e : p e n n \. si n e v c a n : n l n i lC l i | s ir^?^ . 1 3 € j D i t : r er e s lo : t n e r ri e a m .a n i ' .Begin w h t o rs.etc Set a tn'o-nrinulc \\'orcs T h e l e a n : sl n e n r e a co . o u e u e 3 . e i a i ' i essh c u l Cc r c s s3 .c h e a F .k n i t t i n g5: .i ' a w .s e \ l . rookat v". J l cl r i s K o : c l r g r n aa.c.l-. Then get the playersio punctuatethe story accordingto how it was finallyread' Hints: You could extendthis game by takingtexts and writingthem out withoutany punctuationand capitalletters. u i .'r€ sr-Jhcrv.i e a r ./ei' iefi in rs tlre wtnner.anc thai afiei each singieworCthe playersshouidvote -l-he piayersshcuic vcte in unisonand nci shor: / soJircb1. Carrol. 34 . n c with any childne happenec10meei C're car Carrollwas wrltlnga reiier a conversalion f unn\'wavs c. j ! 1 d4 u.. e o t ' ' na S m a n \ ' \ \ ' C ' l s3 .o v e dm a k r n gf r i e n d sw i t nc h i l c r e nn e a i u ' ' a Vl rsi e ..: a i ] vd u p l l c a i e ../nill.'..itnothei minimalpairs.l et l e n n e l ct n e c o r n e ro J : t c ' l n € l : i e o l r a n d a s \ e d n e ' lynetnershe wouid like10cry herseltwith it Silent letters 2 .c r o w d.s a l .f i o w e rl:v e a r. . .r .i a l e . Explarnthal -vouare ootngto reaCoui pairsof wordswhichsoundalikebut in faci havetwo separaie on whethei'it has tne long EE or the soun0s. or in pairs. l r ] : b e e n .''c. d i r e s: 3 .g.hrci^ r'hvnewrthhign ::t' ciie. Tne iasl Dta.a i r . e a n : a i ! : n i s .(Long monologuesfrom playsmake ideal materialfor this. wnv. l : e t r e C a S Si n i c t e a m s C : t n r e € i C i O u ' : a \ . l i g h t n r n g6 :.D o v s RHYMINGCOUPLETS Pronunciation \trite uC::: !. s m acl io r n e i 'l .. l a m b :7 . : 1 ^ e i 't s : sc ' t i c r 3 s T r e t e a r ns e c . Fo:'example..h c u r. e r s sScrelaries. .:t n Ew o r cc c n t a i n s . J n t n : 3 a D ea.l c r . ' n i i 6. n i c r S n i i n c u .startingfrom the beginningof the story once more.Playersare oul if tney rat hold u: tne wrong ieheris) or tc read out the word pairspausrngaftereach wcrc fot'tneclayerstc vote on ib) hesirarelcc icng.n .i u r ' .s l e e p ..'cr':s Pla-votnerrounoswitn citrerentsiarlers.. Silent letters in the piotures. e a : . ieei/ftt.Piayfurtherroundsv'.'3fC t r i .d o o r :s o .Tne girl nad beer swrmmtnQ b! lne sea !. distinciionDrobiems tnat your classhas.i e: i 9 3h3duc lrri Sil€€1o' o .nen the little saw walxed. e w i sC a r r o l il. . of the two soundsyou are oorngto contrast.n c t o r e o f a v e r y .stop the readingand ask anotherplayerto take over.seoaratelyon two piecesof paper.the piaversspellthe wordsillustrated Workingindividually R h y m i n gt w i n s Workincinirviduallvor in pairs.e.m e e t :o w n . lough now. w n s t .

backs 2. y t o r e a di t a l o u ds o t h a ti t m a k e s s e n s et o y o u .. raw 12. t h o u g h t 1 8 . seem 3. rough 1. t h e e n g l i s hw r i t e rl e w i sc a r r o l ll o v e d m a k i n gf r i e n d sw i t h c h i l d r e nh e a i w a y s t r i e d t o t h i n k o f o r i g i n a l a n d f u n n y w a y s o f b e g i n n r n ga c o n v e r s a t i o nw i t h a n y c h i l d h e h a p p e n e dt o m e e t o n e d a v c a r r o l l w a s w r i t i n ga ' e r t e rb y t h e s e a w h e n a l i t i l eg i r l r a n p a s t h i m t h e g i r l h a d b e e n s w i m m i n g' n t h e s e a a n d w a s c o m p l e t e l yw e t f r o m h e a d t o f o o t d r i p o i n g. eat 20.e 4=4(l . bean 23. half 16. so 1 3 . own 21. penny 4. tewis Carroll. through !p-e 9.. v a t e re ' r e r y w h e r es h e w a l k e dc a r r o l ls a w t h e l i t i l e g i r l q u i e t l yp i c x e du p h i s s n e e t o f b t o t t i n gp a p e r a n d t o r e o f f a v e r y s m a l l c o r n e rh e t h e n h e l d t h e c o r n e ro u t t o t h e l i t f l eg i r l a n d a s k e d h e r w h e t h e rs h e w o u l dl i x e t o d r y h e r s e l w f i t hi t Silentletters A t l t h e s e . crowd 8 .-/. white 10 . aunt 1 7 . v o r o sh a v e Comb <t- 3.. 49Q) 'rilfl '@ oH s R h y m i n gt w i n s F i n da ' r n y m t ntgw i n i n t h eb c xf c r e a c ho f t h e s ew o r d s 1 . ne . cheap 1 4 . For example: Tne 7re:tsn wlier. hour 6. sail 1 5 .with children. n o i s e O ColinGrangerand John pturrb 1995 Puoilshedby HeinernannEngiisn l_anquage Teaching 85 r . home 22. wear 7. l e a r n 5. sun 1 9 . ioveanaktna triends .4 -_/ % S StorY relltng \-/ Y o uw i l lf i n dt h i ss t o r yd i f f i c u tl to r e a do e c a u s ei t h a s n o p u n c t u a t i oT n r. new 24.T h e nw r i t et h e s t o r yp u t t i n gi n p u n c t u a t i oann dc a p i t alle t t i r s ..

( h a d / w a sh a v i n g i h a dh a d ) t o g e t h o m e s o m e h o w by seven. . r . W h e n M a n o l o ( s a V w a s i t t i n g . ( g o t l w a sg e t t i n g / h a d got) to the other side of the street. ' p l o t i n G r a n g ea r n d J o h n p t u m b1 9 9 5 ruolrshedby HeinemannEnglishLanguage Teaching 87 f" .. .T n e r e w a s n o t i m e t o s p e a k i o t h e d r i v e r .. .a d / ( d i d nt s i t r ' w a stns i t t i n g i w a s h a v i n g r h a dh a d \ a b r g s h o c k . . .B u t t h e n h e .. . . r . M a n o l or a n u p t h e h i l l t o h i s h o u s e . i l l a q e . . . .. . T n e r e ' " v o u lboe a l c t c f i o r r i e sl e a v i n gt h e i n a r k e ra n d g o i n gd o w n t h e m a i n c c a s i r o a o 3 a s t h r s.tPeC. . . . . fr". . . . . . s m a l l t o w n j u s t c a s i h r s v i l l a g e . . M a n o l ow a s i n i h e i o r r ya n d h e w a s o n h i s w a y h o m e . . . . . . .. . .i t w a s g o i n gt o R o s a r i oa. . .( n o t i c e d i w a sn o t i c i n g / h a d n o t i c e d )h i s s c h o o lb u s a t t h e b u s s t o p a c r o s st h e r o a d . . T h e r e w a s a l o t o f t r a f f i ca n d b y t h e t i m e h e . . . .T h e r ew a s a m a r k e ta f e v v h u n o r e dm e { r e sc c i v n i h e r o a d ' ' v h i c h . . . . . . lorry . . .( d i d n ' ta r r i v e w l a s n ' ta r r i v i n g / h a d n ' ta r r i v e d ) . .. . . e . . .f . vt . .the bus He . . . . ' is father 'Yes.. .g. . h asca t )d o w n o n t h e f l o o ro f t h e l o r r y .f. .' ' b u t r e p l i e dM a n o l o . . .W h e n h e .q. . . . . Use the verbs in brackets p . . . .T h e l o r r yw a s ' u i l o f p ' g s . . . .( s a i d / w a ss a y i n g i . . . ' Y o u ' r ee a r l y . ' r v satso p c i n gh a d s t o p p e d )a t t h e e d g e o f t h e r o a d t o l e t s o m e c a r s p a s t . .. . . ( s a L ' l v assi t t i n g r h asda t ) o n s o m e t h i n g h a d n ' is a t ) o n t h e f l c c r n e ..M a n o l o . .M a n o l o . .t. ( l o o k e d / w a sl o o k i n g i h a dl o o k e d )d o w n . h apdu l l e d ) o u t o f t h e e n t r a n c eM . . .H e . . . ..( l o o k e d / w a sl o o k i n g i h a d l o o k e d )a t h i s w a t c h :i t w a s f i v e t o s i x a n d h i s p a r e n t s ( e x p e c t e d / w e reex p e c t i n gh a d e x p e c t e d )h i m h o m e a t s e v e n .h. . ( m i s s e d / w am s i s s i n g / h am d i s s e d )h i s b u s a n d t h e r ew a s n ' ta n o t h e r b u s t o h i s v i l l a g ef o r t w o h o u r s .h e .w .. . ' w ahsa v i n g r h a hd a d ) a n i d e a . . . .. . . . ( fi n i s h e o i w a sf i n i s i r i n g r ' T h e nh e h a d i i n i s n e da t t s i x . . . . . v acsr i m c i n g . h ( s a i d i w a ss a y i n g / h a ds a i d ) . . . his parents (sat/ were sitting/hadsat) at the t a b l e .o. ( r a n l w a sr u n n i n g / h a dr u n ) d o w n the steps and across the road. . . . . a n o l oc o u l d n ' b t e l r e v eh i s l u c k .(. . . 's. .. . l ' m a f r a i dI ' m a l s o a b i t s m e l l v . . . .d.S o m e p a r e n t s . . . . . . . When Manolo .(. H e q u i c k l y h a d s a i d ) g o o d b y et o h i s f r i e n da n d . . . . . . .. . . . l t w a s a v e r y s o f t . . . (stopped/wasstopping/hasstoooed)on top of the steps to speaK t o a f r i e n d . .(.9. . .H e l a r g ep i g . . .. . (left/wasleaving/hadleft).. .( s m i l e d iw e r e s m i l i n g i h a ds m i l e d )w h e n t h e y s a w t h e i rs o n . '. . h a c j . . . . . o . . . W h e n M a n o i og o t t o i h e m a r k e t a . .I l t I l I I I t t I I I t I I I t I I It Now completethe story. ( w a i t e d /w e r e w a i t i n g i h a dw a i t e d ) a t t h e b u s s t o o f o r t h e i rc h i l d r e n . .. h acdl i m b e d )i n t o t h e b a c k a s t h e l o r r y ( s t o p p e C . . ( p u l l e d / w apsu i l i n g .f v l a n o l o ( c i l r n b e C ' .T h e y . . . . .q. H e w a s s u r e t h e y w o u l d be veryangry He . ( o p e n e d /w a s o p e n i n g / had opened) the door. . . ..( j u m p e d / w a jsu m p i n g / h a dj u m p e d )o f f t h e l o r r yi n h i s v i l l a g et. . ./.. .i n . .w a sg e t t i n g / h agdo t ) d a r k w h e n M a n o l og o t o u t o l s c h o o l . . .. . .h e s c h o o lb u s . .

What will I be doina nert
What,woi't I be dding?

t +
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e the verbs in braCkets.


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5. You

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( w e a r )a b u s i n e s s

8. You

. . . i w e a i ' )a b e a c h r o b ea n d

9. You

. . . . .( t h i n k )a b o u tp r o b l e m sa t . . . . " " " '


. . . . .( w a t c h )p e o p i e

1 1 .Y o u

. . . . .( p l a n )w h a t b e a u t i f u.l. . . . . . . . . . '

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inthe pool'
to vtsit'







T h e y o u n g p e o p l ea r e i o o k r n l - t a p h o t o g r a p hi a k e n o f t h e i rc a m p i n gh o l i d a y .W r i t ew h a t t h e y w e r e d o i n g .
Do not look at the firsl page again until you have finished.Use these words and herselft'himseif


fe e l
jn a mirror

behinda tree
u n d e ra t r e e





l o o ka t


in a siream
with a towel




to somesausages
with an electric

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.: : r rh ' . ( l i k e ) O ColinGrangerand John Plumb 1995 F r r h l r c . f.| -zf SECko' YOURNEWIPENTITY? CANYOUREMEMFER U9INGTHE 9ENTENCE9 THE COM?LETE IN 9RACKET9' VERE9 THE OF FORM CORRECT . H c r n c r A n n Fnairsh LEnouaae Teacnlnc. o o d . .( fi n i s h ) at the moment' (havegot) . 90 rhh A . . .ffi ffi I I I I I X I I I @ 46 @ s t u d i e s .

. Why did she have all those bags? 7. t I l l 2.I LOOKAT THESEDETAIL5 OF THE FILM I MADEAND I I ANSWERTHEQUE9TION9. W h y d i d s h e g i v et h e b o y s o m e m o n e y ? 6.& Y{Agfi 3. 'r r- -/7i l . Why was therewateron the ground? @ ColinGrangerand John ptumb 1995 l'ublishedby HeinemannEnglish LanguageTeacnrng. Why were his hands so dirty? 3.ehyd ban jrrlMfi fg' 9. 1ffi t l I t'/ v) r/ w't (i')l 5.//'/ r /lt '///4 F & t I I t I I I I I I E q - U s ei h e s ew o r d s : rnend his Dotorbike ^^ h€{ c\ea" ne\P cdt heI shop bus tor waitior a wrtte graffiti on the wall an hour overha\i a\\ daY \rave\ lOn v swrm 1 . Why weretheysweating? 8. W h y d i d t h e p o l i c e m a na r r e s tt h e b o y ? 2 . W h y w a s t h e l i t t l eg i r l ' sh a i r w e t ? 5 . Why weretheyso tired? B*Vf e :l^. Why weretheyso angry? 4. Q1 d .

. h a d j u s t o v e n a k e nt n e b u s . . 3 . i. DON'TLOOKAT THEFIRgT TAGE AOAINUNTILYOU H A Y EF I N I 9 H E D . w e r ej u s tg o i n gt o g e t o n t h e b u s . A van (H) was just turningleft. --. T w o c h i l d r e n( F ) w e r ej u s tc r o s s i n gt h e r o a d . T hadjust got out of the car. A m a n( E ) w a sj u s tp a r k i n gh i s c a r . Y o u ( A ) w e r ej u s t g e t t i n go n t h e b u s . 92 il . l-l w a sj u s t g o i n gt o t u r n l e f t . h a dj u s tg o t o n t h e b u s . P u ta in the box nextto the correctanswer. I was just goingto get out of the car. h a dj u s tt u r n e dl e f t . A c y c l r s rt C ) w a s j u s t o v e r t a k i n tgn e b u s . A n o l d l a d y ( D ) w a s j u s t c r o s s i n gt n e r o a d . 8. w a s i u s t o o i n ot o c r o s s i h e r * 0 . . _] 1 . f werejust goingto crossthe road.1 5 . w a sj u s t g o i n gt o p a r kh i s c a r . I 6 . A w o m a n( G ) w a sj u s tg e t t i n go u t o f t h e c a r . n 7 . t l 4 . 2.NOWgAY WHATYOU gAW. I -l h a d j u s t o v e r t a k e nt h e b u s . w a s j u s t g o i n gt o o v e r t a k et h e b u s . I @ Colin Grangerand John Plumb 1995 trublishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeachrng. h a d l u s t c r o s s e dt h e r o a d . I had just parkedhis car. I h a dj u s tc r o s s e dt h e r o a d . w a s i u s t o o l n at o o v e r t a k et h e b u s . A car (B) was just overtakrng the bus.

T h e s e c u r i t yo f f i c e rt o l d h i m t o . . . K k\" . . .I t ( WHATDIDTHE?EI?LE ATTHE ) A (ffi\ )^. The man with the rucksacktold him T h e y o u n gm a n s a i d h e . . ?tq--dS+ T h e a n n o u n c e m esnat i da l l p a s s e n g e rt so L a g o s svlodd go inwvA\atzlg tc Gatefive-. . .etRpoRr sAyro EAcHoTHengf t "d3 z' I I I T I I h II I . . . . . .l I I I I I l I I l I I ' i r F A. . . . . . . . . . ' . . . T h e y o u n gm a n r e m i n d e dh e r n o t . . . T h e p a s s e n g esr a i d h e . . . . . . . T h e s t e w a r d e sssa i d t h e v . . . . . . . . . . . . . The old man said he I t \ :r @ ColinGrangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglish LanguageTeaching. . . . . . . .1 1- y:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T h e m a n w i t h t h e b e a r ds a i d . .l . The wife said they The girl explainedthat she T h e m o t h e rs a i d t h e p l a n e . . . . . .

hirni€ he haotpacked the ttn'ope)1{' @.CohnGrangerand John Plumb 1995 Pubiishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching 94 .

. rwcreshewatldn't.... d . 3. t I t il t l I -l -f t U s e t h e s ew o r d s : c/irnb I t t I t i I uF a\\gh\ 1. 6.... . 4. 5.. get into look at stand wear coo\< a seatbe/t the instruciions the chalr the chtcken YYqr as d w h a t 'rs he w oino """'ih..Y.... 8. J"""" 2...' the . * t go down @ ColinGrangerand John plumb 1995 Publishedby HeinemannEnglishLanguageTeaching.have lf shehadcoakeC the &ticQen .t"pt rence qot f@d Wlsoninq.J 3 T I t t ( t I Can you remember whathappenedto them?Lookat the picturesand writea sentence. 7..