You are on page 1of 12

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ

RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ
* ODV
D VZ DUH
D HD
DQGLQVWUXP HQW
H V
‰ SUHSDUDWLRQ

EHDNHU

Z DVKLQJERWWOH

JODVVVWLUUHU

YROXP HWULFIODVN

JUDGXDWHGF\OLQGHUV

IXP HKRRG

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ * ODV D VZ DUH D HD DQGLQVWUXP HQW H V ‰ VWDQGDUGL]DWLRQ FRQLFDOIODVN WULSRGVWDQG EXUHWWH Z LUHJDX]H EXUHWWHVWDQG %XQVHQEXUQHU EXUHWWHFODP S .

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ * ODV D VZ DUH D HD DQGLQVWUXP HQW H V ‰ VWDQGDUGL]DWLRQ VSDWXOD Z DWFKJODVV HOHFWULFDOEDODQFH RYHQ .

1  WKHQRUP DOLW\RIFRQFHQWUDWHG+ & OXVHG 9  WKH KHYRO YROXP H HRIFRQFHQW RIFRQFHQWUDWHG HG + & OWR R EH EHXV XVHG HG IRU RUGL GLOXWLRQ 1  WKHUHTXHVWHGQRUP DOLW\RI+ & O 1 LQRXUH[SHULP HQW.3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ ‰ SUHSDUDWLRQRI P / RI 1 + & OVROXWLRQ Dilute 9 mL of HCl with distilled water to a final volume l off 100 mL L using i a 100 mLL volumetric l i flask.

9  ILQDOYROXP HDIWHUGLOXWLRQ P / LQRXUH[SHULP HQW.

.

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ 1 WKH QRUP DOLW\ RI WKH FRQFHQWUDWHG DFLG  WKH K Z HL LJKWE\ K Z HL LJKWFRQFHQW K UDWLRQ RIW I KH K DFL LG VS JU  WKH VSHFLILF JUDYLW\ RI WKH DFLG HTZ T WWKHHTXL T Y YDOHQWZ HLJ JKWRIWKHDFLG .

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ ‰ VWDQGDUGL]DWLRQ 1 D& 2   + & O 1 D& O + 2  & 2  ¾ anhydrous sodium carbonate is used as the primary standard ¾ methyl red is used as the indicator \HOORZ \ IDLQWSLQN .

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ ‰ WLWUDWLRQDSSDUXWXV .

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ ‰ EXUHWWHDGMXVP HQW .

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ ‰ EXUHWWHDGMXVP HQW .

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ ‰ SURFHGXUH ƒ Z DVK WKHEXUHWWHZ LWK WKH' : DQG WKHWLWUDQW + & O.

ƒ ILOOWKHEXUHW K WHZ L LK WK + & OWR D OHYHO DGMXVWL LW.

ƒ GLVVROYH WKH SULP DU\ VWDQGDUG 1 D& 2 .

LQ HQRXJK ' :   P /.

XV .

LQJ J WKHFRQLFDOIODVN ƒ DGG  GURSVRIP HWK\OUHG ƒ VWDUWWLWUDWLRQ E\ DGGLQJ + & OGURS Z LVH Z LWK FRQWLQXRXV VWLUUL LQJ XQWLOWKHV K ROXWLRQ EHFRP HVI IDL LQWSL LQN ƒ KHDW WKH VROXWLRQ WR ERLOLQJ VR WKDW WKH FRORXU FKDQJHV EDFN LQWR \ \HOORZFRRO  DQG WLWUDWH DJDL  J Q XQWLOWKH IDLQWSLQN FRORXULVQR ORQJHUDIIHFWHG E\ ERLOLQJ ƒ UHFRUG WKH YROXP H RI + & O XVHG DQG FDOFXODWH WKH QRUP DOLW\ .

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ ‰ SURFHGXUH HQGSRL LQW IDLQWSLQN.

.

3UHSDUDWLRQDQG6WDQGDUGL]DWLRQ RI1+&O6ROXWLRQ ‰ FDOFXODWLRQV + &O 1 D& 2  1 WKHQRUP K DOLW\ RI+ I & OWR EHFDOFXODWHG 9 WKHYROXP HRI+ & OXVHG LQ P /.

Z WWKHZ HLJ JKWRIVRGL G XP FDUERQDW E H LQ J.

HTZ WWKHHTXLYDOHQWZ HLJKWRIVRGLXP FDUERQDWH .