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n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Li ni u

Mn hc cng ngh ch to my ng vai tr quan trng trong chng


trnh o to k s v cn b k thut v thit k v ch to cc loi my, cc
thit b phc v cc ngnh cng nghip, nng nghip, giao thng vn ti ...
n mn hc cng ngh ch to my k 6 l mt trong cc n c
tm quan trng nht i vi mt sinh vin khoa c kh. n gip cho sinh
vin hiu nhng kin thc hc khng nhng mn cng ngh ch to my
m cc mn khc nh: my cng c, dng c ct... n cn gip cho sinh
vin c hiu dn v thit k v tnh ton mt qui trnh cng ngh ch to
mt chi tit c th.
c s gip v hng dn tn tnh ca thy TRN VN CH
trong b mn cng ngh ch to my n nay n mn hc ca em hon
thnh. Tuy nhin vic thit k n khng trnh khi sai st em rt mong
c s ch bo ca cc thy v s ch bo ca cc bn.
Em xin chn thnh cm n thy TRN VN CH gip em
hon thnh cng vic c giao.

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni


Vin C Kh
B mn:Cng Ngh Ch To My

Cng ha x hi ch ngha Vit Nam


c lp_T do_Hnh phc

NHIM V
THIT K N TT NGHIP
H v tn sinh vin: Hong Tun Anh
Nguyn Vn Chin
Nguyn Vn Thn
Phm Thi Thu
Lp:07GT02CT Kha:2007-2010 Chuyn ngnh:C Tin K Thut
I.u thit k:Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit Tay
Bin D165
II.Cc s liu ban u:
Sn lng hng nm:6.000 chi tit
iu kin sn xut:T chn
III.Ni dung cc phn thuyt minh v tnh ton:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Phn tch chc nng lm vic ca chi tit.


Phn tch tnh cng ngh trong kt cu ca chi tit.
Xc nh dng sn xut.
Chn phng php ch to phi
Lp th t cc nguyn cng (v s g t,k hiu nh v,k
hiu kp cht,chn my,chn dao,k hiu chiu chuyn ng ca
dao v ca chi tit).
Tnh lng d cho mt b mt (mt trn ngoi,mt trn trong
hoc mt phng) v tra lng d cho cc b mt cn li.
Tnh ch ct cho mt nguyn cng(tnh cho cc nguyn cng
cn thit k g) v tra ch ct cho cc nguyn cng cn li.
Tnh thi gian gia cng c bn cho tt c cc nguyn cng.

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n tt nghip

9.

10.

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Tnh v thit k mt g (lp s g t,tnh lc kp,thit k


cc c cu ca g,tnh sai s chun,sai s kp cht,sai s
mn,sai s iu chnh,sai s ch to cho php ca g,t yu
cu k thut ca g,lp bng k khai cc chi tit ca g).
Nghin cu chuyn cng ngh gia cng trn my CNC

IV.Phn bn v:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Chi tit lng phi:1 bn (kh giy A1 hoc A0).


S nguyn cng:1 bn (kh giy A0).
g:1 bn (kh giy A0 hoc A1).
S gia cng trn my CNC:1 bn (kh A0).

H Ni: ngy
Ngi nhn

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thng

nm 2010

Cn b hng dn

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni


Vin C Kh
B mn Cng ngh ch to my

Cng ha x hi ch ngha Vit Nam


c lp - T do - Hnh phc

GIO VIN HNG DN NHN XT


N TT NGHIP

H v tn sinh vin: Hong Tun Anh


Nguyn Vn Chin
Nguyn vn Thn
Phm Th Thu
Lp
: 07GT02CT
ti tt nghip:
Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit Tay Bin D165
NI DUNG NHN XT:
I.Khi lng n:
1. Phn thuyt minh:trang
2. Phn bn v:.bn Ao
II.u im ca n:

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n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

III.Nhc im ca n:

IV.Kt lun:
Ni dung ca n m bo khi lng v cht lng ca n tt
nghip ngnh cng ngh ch to my.
2. ngh n c bo v trc hi ng chm thit k tt nghip
ngnh cng ngh ch to my vin c kh trng HBK H Ni.
1.

H Ni,ngy
nh gi

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thng

nm 2010

Cn b nhn xt

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n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

THUYT MINH:
Ni dung 1:Phn tch chc nng lm vic ca chi tit:

Da vo bn v chi tit ta thy tay bin D165 c kt cu v chc nng nh


sau:
Tay bin D165 l mt chi tit bao gm c hai l c bn m ng tm ca
chng song song vi nhau.
Tay bin D165 c chc nng bin chuyn ng thng ca piston thnh
chuyn ng quay ca trc khuu (ng c t trong Diesel D165)
Tay bin D165 ngoi hai l c bn cn c gia cng chnh xc, cn c l
du, rnh then, cc mt ct u ca l v nhng yu t khc cn c gia
cng.
Nhng iu kin k thut ca tay bin D165:
Khi gia cng tay bin D165 cn t c nhng yu cu sau y:
Tay bin ti ci thin cng t HRC 26-31 chnh lch so vi cng
khng qu 4 n v kim tra cng H.
T chc th i t trong mt ct dc ca thanh truyn phi hnh thnh th
kim loi dc theo ng trc thanh truyn, khng c hin tng t on
xp qu nhit im trng,bt kh phn tng v cc cht phi kim loi cho
php thay i hng cc th kim loi nhng ch ct hnh thnh mt
ghp.
T chc kim loi ca thanh truyn c kim tra theo mt ct ngang cch
ng tm u nh thanh truyn 50-60mm.
Kt cu ca n phi l nhng ht xcbich nh u n .Khng cho
php c Pherit dng tp cht ring bit ,chiu su ca lp ct thot cacbon
theo b mt th ca b mt ct khng c ln hn 0,1mm v mt pha.
Gc thot khun dp l 70 bn knh ln sng ghi R3mm.
Trn ton b b mt thanh truyn khng cho php c vt nt ,vt trai,vt
gp mp,vt kp,vt r,vt lm,r,n mn,bavia,rnh nh v cht bn.
Trn thanh truyn khng cho php cc khuyt tt sinh ra do cha in y
khun dp,khng cho php sa li khuyt tt bng hn.
cn v ovan ca 70 khng qu 0.012mm
39
0.018mm
Bc sau khi p vo u nh c cn v ovan l 0,01mm
cn v ovan ca cutxine sau khi p vo u to bin l0.024mm
o mt mt ca u to thanh truyn so vi ng trc ca cutxine
khng qu 0.1mm trn 100mm chiu di.

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n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

khng song song ca ng trc 2 l 70 v 39 cho php 0.03mm


trn 100 mm chiu di.
khng song song ca ng trc bc thanh truyn p vo u nh
v cutxine vo u to ca thanh truyn khng qu 0.03mm trn 100mm chiu
di.
ng trc l u nh thanh truyn v ng trc bc p vo u nh phi
nm trong cng mt mt phng vi ng trc ca l u to v cutxine p
vo u to.Sai lch khng c ln hn 0.06mm trn 100mm chiu di.
khng ng tm ca l 16H8 vi l ren M12x1.25 cho php 0.07 mm.
khng trng ca mt F vi ng tm l 70 l 0.1mm.
Hai l ren M12 phi sch ,khng bi xc,bavia,khng c vt xy xt.
khng vung gc vi ng trc hai l ren M12 so vi mt phng F khng
qu 0.15mm trn 100mm chiu di.
ng ni tm 2 l 70 v 39 lch so vi ng i xng ca thanh tm
truyn l 0.5mm.
Vt mp lm cn cc cnh sc.
Sai s trng lng khng qu 15 gam,iu chnh trng lng v tr Q v S.
Cho php b du S nu trng lng thanh truyn .
+Vt liu dng ch to tay bin D165 l thp 45 vi thnh phn ha
hc nh sau:
Mn
S
P
Ni
Cr
C
Si
0,4
0,17/0,37
0,5/0,8
0,045
0,045
0,03
0,03
V tay bin D165 lm vic vi ti trng ln, tng bn nn dng vt liu
thp 45 c nhit luyn.
Dng phi ch to nn chi tit tay bin D165 l dng phi dp.

Ni dung 2:phn tch tnh cng ngh trong kt cu chi tit.


*Cng nh cc dng chi tit khc, i vi chi tit tay bin D165 tnh cng
ngh c ngha quan trng v c nh hng trc tip n sn xut v
chnh xc gia cng.V vy khi thit k tay bin D165 nn ch n kt cu
ca n nh sau:
- cng vng ca tay bin D165
-Chiu di cc l c bn nn m bo kch thc v cc mt u ca chng
nm trn 2 mt phng song song vi nhau.
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-Kt cu c mt phng song song vi nhau ta phi gia cng cng mt lc, v
cc l c bn ta phi dng phng php khoan khot doa trn cng mt phn
g.
-Hnh dng thun li cho chn chun th v chun tinh thng nht.
* m bo nhng yu cu k thut chc nng lm vic ca tay bin D165
th tay bin phi c kt cu hp l nhm nng cao tnh cng ngh, cho php
gim khi lng lao ng, tng h s s dng vt liu v h gi thnh sn
phm.
-Theo bn v ta nhn thy kt cu chi tit hp l tha mn y cc yu cu
v tnh cng ngh trong kt cu ca chi tit dng cng ta khng phi sa li
kt cu ca chi tit na.
-Chi tit c gc dp l 7o v n ch to bng vt liu thp tng nng sut
cho sn xut ta chn phng php to phi theo phng php dp th tch
khun h th ta nhn thy cc u im sau:
+Nng sut to phi cao.
+ Gi thnh lm khun h r hn rt nhiu so vi lm khun kn.
Mt khc,b mt ngoi ca chi tit gia cng ch cn lm sch bavia.Cng vi
dng sn xut hng lot ta ch chn phng php to phi nh trn th gi
thnh sn phm s r hn nhiu so vi to phi bng khung kn.
Trc khi gia cng chi tit ta cn phi lm sch bavia v kim tra xem xt chi
tit c b nt r khng,sau mi gia cng chi tit.
Nh vy ng vi cc iu kin v kt cu th chi tit dng cng gia cng l
tha mn khng cn sa li kt cu ca chi tit.

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Ni dung 3:Xc nh dng sn xut.


Trong ch to my ngi ta phn bit ra lm ba loi nh sau:
Dng sn xut n chic:l sn xut c s lng hng nm rt t ,sn phm
khng n nh do chng loi nhiu,chu k ch to li khng c xc
nh.S dng cc thit b,dng c,cc g vn nng.
Dng sn xut hng lot:l dng sn xut c sn lng hnh nm khng
qu t,sn phm c ch to theo tng lot vi chu k xc nh.Sn phm
tng i n nh.S dng cc my vn nng v chuyn dng.
Dng sn xut hng khi:l dng sn xut coa sn lng rt ln,sn phm
n nh trong thi gian di.S dng g chuyn dng,dng c chuyn
dng v cc thit b o t ng ha.
Ty theo mi dng sn xut c nhng c im ring ,ph thuc vo nhng
yu t khc nhau nh phng php cng ngh hon thnh chi tit.
Mun xc nh c dng sn xut ta phi bit c sn lng hng nm ca
chi tit gia cng.Sn lng hng nm c xc nh theo cng thc:
+
N=N1.m.( 1+
)
100
Trong :
N : S chi tit c sn xut trong mt nm;
N1 : S sn phm (s my) c sn xut trong mt nm;
m : S chi tit trong mt sn phm;
:s chi tit c ch to thm d tr(5%-7%)
:s ph phm(3%-6%)
N1=545chic/nm;m=1; =4%;=6%
6+4
=>N=545.1.(1+
)=6000 chic/nm
100
Ta c:N=6000 chic/nm
V=0.2371(dm3)
Trng lng ca tay bin sau khi lp rp Q=0,2371.7,852=1,861kg
Nh vy:N=6000 chic/nm,Q=1,861kg
Theo bng 2-trang14(TKACNCTM)ta c dng sn xut l hng lot ln.

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n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Ni dung 4:Chn phng php ch to phi v thit k bn v chi tit


lng phi.
1/Xc nh phng php ch to phi:
Vi tay bin D165 ta c phng php ch to phi l dng phi dp.Vi dng
phi dp ta s m bo c kt cu ca chi tit,ph hp vi dng sn
xut,iu kin sn xut c th ca my mc ,ng thi bo m c tnh ti
u trong cng ngh ch to phi,m bo t c tnh nng lm vic ca chi
tit.
Nh vy dp cng c thc hin trong khun h trn my dp ng.Khi
lng bavia=0.5%-10% khi lng phi.
c im ch to phi bng khun h l:
+Khun ch to khng chnh xc nh khun kn v vy gi thnh h.
+C s sai lch gia khun trn v khun di vi nhau.
+C s xut hin bavia ,v vy ta phi lm sch bavia sau gia cng.
+Phng php dp th tch khun h bng ba my cho ta nng sut cao,gim
thi gian chun b,nng cao chnh xc ca ch to phi,phi gn vi chi
tit gia cng chi tit.
2/Thit k bn v chi tit lng phi:
Ta c bn v chi tit lng phi vi cc kch thc,dung sai v cc iu kin
nh trn bn v.

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n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Ni dung 5:Thit k quy trnh cng ngh gia cng chi tit.
1/Xc nh ng li cng ngh:
Trong dng sn xut hng lot ln ,quy trnh cng ngh c xc nh theo
nguyn tc phn tn hoc tp trung nguyn cng.
Theo nguyn tc phn tn nguyn cng th th quy trnh cng ngh c
chia ra cc nguyn cng n gin c thi gian gia cng nh nhau(nhp)
hoc bi s ca nhp. y mi my c thc hin mt nguyn cng
nht nh v g c s dng l g chuyn dng.
Theo nguyn tc tp chung nguyn cng th quy trnh cng ngh c
thc hin trn 1 hoc vi my t ng ,bn t ng.
Nh trn ta c dng sn xut l hng lot ln do nn chn phng n mt
v tr ,mt dao gia cng tun t,tuy nhin ta c th kt hp cc phng n gia
cng v tr,nhiu dao v gia cng song song.
S lng v tun t cc bc cng ngh ph thuc vo dng phi v chnh
xc gia cng.Khi tp chung cc nguyn cng ta phi xem xt kt cu ca
cng,kh nng g nhiu dao trn my v cng ca chi tit.Cc nguyn
cng cn chnh xc cao,nn tch ring v p dng phng php gia cng
mt v tr,mt dao v gia cng tun t.Cn cc nguyn cng trn dy truyn
t ng c xc nh theo nguyn tc gia cng song song hoc tun t song
song.
2/Chn phng php gia cng:
i vi dng sn xut hng lot ln mun chuyn mn ha cao c th t
nng sut cao trong iu kin sn xut Vit Nam th ng li cng ngh
thch hp nht cho chi tit tay bin D165 l phn tn nguyn cng. y ta
dng cc loi my vn nng ng thi kt hp vi cc loi g chuyn dng
v cc my chuyn dng ch to.
Gia cng hai mt u to,u to ca tay bin t kch thc 38b1 (-0,17-0,33)
Mt u to ca tay bin l b mt lm vic cn chnh xc vi cp nhn
bng(theo bang 5 sch TKACNCTM {1} ta c nhn bng Rz=6.3m).Ta
thy dung sai kch thc hai mt u l =0.16(mm) tng ng chnh
xc cp 3a,cn bng cp 7.
Nh vy theo bng 4 {1} ta chn phng php gia cng ln cui l mi bn
tinh.
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Vy gia cng hai mt u to ca tay bin t kch thc 38b1 (-0,17 -0,33) (mm)
cn qua cc bc:
Phay thMi thMi bn tinh(t cp chnh xc 3 v V7)
Gia cng hai mt u nh ca cng t kch thc 340-0,25
Mt u nh ca cng l b mt lm vic do cn t chnh xc vi cp
nhn bng V4(theo bng 5 {1} ta c nhn bng Rz=40m).Ta thy dung
sai kch thc hai mt u l =0.25(mm) tng ng chnh xc cp 3,
nhn bng V4.
Nh vy theo bng 4{1} ta chn phng php gia cng ln cui l phay tinh.
Vy gia cng hai mt u nh ca cng t kch thc 340-0,25(mm) cn qua
cc bc :phay th|phay tinh.
V vi nguyn cng gia cng mt u to ca tay bin gia cng c mt u
nh nn n nguyn cng gia cng hai mt u nh ta ch cn phay tinh i
lng d t c kch thc 340-0,25(mm) vi cp nhn bng V4(
nhn bng Rz=40m)
-- gia cng c cc l ca tay bin trc tin ta cn phi gia cng cc
mt ghp ca thn bin v np bin l u to ca tay bin.
--Gia cng l u to ca tay bin 700,019(mm) vt liu thp 45, cng
HRC26-31 ,cp nhn bng V7 theo bng 5{1} ta c nhn bng
Rz6,3m.Dung sai kch thc l =0,019mm,tng ng vi chnh xc cp
2,cn bng cp V7.
--Gia cng cc l u to ca tay bin 700,019(mm) cn qua cc bc:
|Tin l t 68,5+0,250 (mm)
|Doa th l t 69,5+0,10(mm)
|Doa tinh l t 700+0,019 (mm)
--Gia cng l u nh ca tay bin t 390+0,025(mm)tng ng vi
chnh xc cp 3,cn bng cp V6.
Nh vy da theo bng 4{1} ta chn phng php gia cng ln cui l doa
th.
Vy gia cng l u nh ca tay bin t 390+0,025(mm) cn qua cc bc:
|Khoan l t 370+0,39(mm)
|Chut l t 380-0,05(mm)
|Doa l t 390+0,025(mm)

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

V u nh tay bin c p bc nn sau khi p bc vo ta doa l u nh


t kch thc
35+0,034+0,009(mm).
Ngoi ra ta cn phi gia cng l u nh 5,vt cc mp v phay rnh
nh v.
--Ngoi nhng nguyn cng gia cng tay bin t chnh xc v mt kch
thc cn cn chnh xc v trng lng do phi kim tra trng lng
ca tay bin,nu ln hn trng lng cho php th ta cn phi ra cng b bt
trng lng nhng ch khng cn thit.

3/Lp tin trnh cng ngh:


Xc nh th t gia cng cc b mt chi tit cng ta da vo cc nguyn tc
sau:
Nguyn cng sau(bc sau) phi gim c sai s v tng c bng
ca nguyn cng trc (bc trc ) li.
Trc ht phi gia cng c nhng b mt dng lm chun cho cc
nguyn cng sau.
Tip theo cn gia cng nhng b mt c lng gia cng ln nht c
kh nng pht hin nhng bin dng ca chi tit.
Cc b mt cn li nn gia cng theo trnh t:b mt no cng chnh xc th
cng ghia cng sau.
Cui cng l gia cng b mt c chnh xc cao nht v c ngha ln
nht i vi tnh cht s dng ca chi tit.
Cc l trn chi tit nn c gia cng sau cng(tr nhng l lm chun khi
gia cng).
Khng nn gia cng th v gia cng tinh bng dao nh thc trn cng
mt my.
Nu chi tit cn phi nhit luyn nn chia quy trnh cng ngh ra hai giai
on:trc v sau nhit luyn.
Cc nguyn cng kim tra phi c tin hnh sau khi dng nhng nguyn
cng c kh nng gy nhiu ph phm ,nhng nguyn cng phc tp v cui
cng tng kim tra.

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Vi nhng nguyn tc trn ta thit lp nhng tin trnh cng ngh khi gia
cng tay bin D165.
1.
Nguyn cng 01:Phay hai mt phng thn bin dng my phay
6H12,dao phay mt u 120 t bng V4 v cp chnh xc 3.
2.
Nguyn cng 02: Phay hai mt phng np bin dng my phay
6H12,dao phay mt u 120 t bng V4 v cp chnh xc 3.
3.
Nguyn cng 3: Mi phng hai mt thn bin dng my mi
phng 3B732, mi 5C 50M28 CT1 6K5 320x100x100 t bng
Rz10,cp bng V6 cp chnh xc 3a.
4.
Nguyn cng 04:Mi phng 2 mt np bin dng my mi phng
3B732, mi 5C 50M28 CT1 6K5 320x100x100 t bng Rz10,cp
bng V6 cp chnh xc 3a.
5.
Nguyn cng 05:Khoan v vt mp l u nh dng my khoan
2A150 v mi khoan 37,mi khot vt 90o t bng Rz40,cp V4 v
cp chnh xc 5.
6.
Nguyn cng 06: Chut l u nh dng my chut 7B52 v dao
chut K2400-4002 t bng Rz10,cp bng V6 v cp chnh xc 2a.
7.
Nguyn cng 7:Phay chun dng my phay 6H82F v dao phay
tr 168 v 125 t bng Rz20,cp V5 v chnh xc 3a.
8.
Nguyn cng8:Phay mt ghp dng my phay 612 v dao phay
mt u 125 ,t bng Rz80,cp bng V3 v chnh xc 4a.
9.
Nguyn cng 9:Khoan doa l nh v dng my khoan 2H55 v
mi khoan 10,7,mi khot 15,7,mi doa 16H7(16N8),muuix khot
90o taro M12x1,25 t bng Rz20,cp V5 v chnh xc 3a.
10. Nguyn cng 10:Mi mt gp dng my mi phng 3B732 v
mi 64C32-HC1 6K3,t bng Rz6 ,cp bng V7 v cp chnh xc 3a.
11. Nguyn cng 11:Kha mt ta bulong dng my khoan 2H55 v
dao kha 24 c nh tm t bng Rz40,cp bng V4 v cp chnh
xc 5a.
12. Nguyn cng 12:Ngui lp rp dng cc dng c nh eto,da
ngui,da ngui 400,b ch s ni ng s th t chi tit v cle tut S19.
13. Nguyn cng 13:Mi phng hai mt dng my mi 3B732 v
mi 5C 100x85x150 t bng V7 v cp chnh xc 3a.

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n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

14. Nguyn cng14:Tin l u to dng my tin 1K36 v dao tin


u thng 16x16TK t bng Rz40,cp V3 v cp chnh xc 5a.
15. Nguyn cng 15:Doa ln mt l nh 39 ca tay bin dng my
khoan ng 2A150 v ng h l 18-50 t bng Rz10,cp bng V6 v
cp chnh xc 3a.
16. Nguyn cng 16:Doa ln mt l ln 69,5 ca tay bin dng
my doa ngang v ng h o l 50-120 t bng Rz10,cp bng V6
v cp chnh xc 3a.
17. Nguyn cng 17:p bc dng bulong-thanh kp ri,dao khot vt
o
90 ,da mn,chy p v khoan l du cng my khoan 2M55 v mi khoan
5 v 12.
18. Nguyn cng 18:Tho chi tit dng cc dng c nh eto cle tut
S19.
19. Nguyn cng 19:Phay rnh nh v dng my phay 6H82T v dao
phay rnh then 5x 30 t bng Rz20,cp bng V5,cp chnh xc 3a.
20. Nguyn cng 20:Ngui lp rp dng cc dng c nh eto ,da
ngui,ba ngui 400,gi lau l cle tut S19.
21. Nguyn cng 21:Doa tinh 2 l nh 35 tay bin dng my khoan
ng 2A150 v ng h o l 18-50 t bng Rz6,3 cp bng V7 v
cp chnh xc 2a.
22. Nguyn cng 22:Doa tinh 2 l ln 70 ca tay bin dng my
doa ngang v ng h do l 50-120 t bng Rz6,3 cp bng V7 v cp
chnh xc 2a.
23. Nguyn cng 23:Phay hai mt u nh dng my phay 6H12 v
dao phay mt u 125 t bng V4 v cp chnh xc 3a.
24. Nguyn cng 24:Cn trng lng,tin v phay nhng ch khng
cn thit ng trng lng yu cu,dng my phay 6P82,dao tin
R10TK,dao phay mt u 100.Sa ngui v lm sach dng da mn,gi lau
v vi nn kh.
25. Nguyn cng 25:Kim tra nghim thu dng cc thit b nh ng
h o l 18-50 v 50-120,thc cp 250-1/120,cn trng lng 10kg,ng h
o cao v b cn mu.

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

4.Thit k nguyn cng:


Nguyn tc chung khi thit k nguyn cng l m bo c nng sut v
chnh xc yu cu.Nng sut v chnh xc ph thuc vo ch ct,lng
d,s bc v th t cc bc cng ngh.
Ta da vo dng sn xut v phng php phn tn nguyn cng chn c
s nguyn cng (s g t, k hiu nh v,kp chn, chn my,chn
dng c ct, k hiu chiu chuyn ng ca dao,ca chi tit v ct.)
Trc khi gia cng v phi dp xong cn phi ti ci thin t 2630HRC
sau kim tra v cng v kch thc m bo lng d gia cng.
Yu cu k thut:
1/ cng 2630 HRC
2/ Kim tra cc kch thc m bo lng d gia cng.
3/ Sai lch gii hn khng ghi ca cc kch thc l theo H16, trc H16 cn
li JT6/2.
Ni dung nguyn cng:

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

43

114

R3
H

35

2,5

1. Kim tra cc kch thc ca phi dp,m bo lng d gia


cng
2. Phi ti ci thin cng 26..30HRC.
3. Phi dp cc vt nt,chy,ngm x.

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

54

29

R32,
5

4.1/Nguyn cng 1:Phay hai mt phng thn ca tay bin.


Yu cu k thut:Phn b u lng d 2 mt gia phay.
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v kp cht chi tit trn g.
2.
Phay thng t kch thc 19,65(mm)
3.
Lp chi tit 180o.
4.
Phay thng t kch thc 39,30-0,4.
5.
Tho chi tit kim tra.
S g t c th hin nh hnh v:

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94

43

43

70,28

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

n
W

0
39,3-0,4

19,65

Rz40

5
R32,

--nh v:chi tit c nh v trn g hn ch 3 bc t do mt


phng y,khi V hn ch 2 bc t do,cht t hn ch 1 bc t do cn
li.
--Kp cht:chi tit c kp cht nh lc bulong hng ca lc kp t
ngoi hng vo mt nh v v c phng vung gc vi phng kch
thc thc hin.

Chn my:
--Mt lm vic ca bn my 400x600mm.
--Cng sut ng c(KW):10,hiu sut my =0,75.
-s vng quay trc chnh:
30;37;47,5;60;75;95;118;150;190;235;300;375;475;600;900;1180;1500
vng/pht
-lung cha dao dc v ngang
19;23;30;37,5;47,5;60;75;95;118;150;190;235;300;375;475;600;750;900
vng/pht
Lc ct chiu trc ln nht cho php tc dng ln bn my
Pxmax=19650N.

Chn dao:
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Dng dao phay mt u c gn mnh ct hp kim cng.


--Theo bng 7 sch thit k n cng ngh {1}ta c kch thc ln
nht ca dao l D=3009(mm),tui bn ca dao l T=240(pht)
--Tra bng(4.95) s tay cng ngh ch to my tp 1{2} ta chn kch
thc ca dao l D=120mm,B=50mm,d(H7)=40mm,s rng Z=6.

Lng d gia cng:theo bng (3.17){2} vi chi tit dng cng


dp trn ba my c trng lng 40kg v kch thc di 8009mm ta
c lng d v mt pha Zb=2,5(mm)

Ch ct:
Nguyn cng c chia lm hai bc:phay mt mt,sau lt chi tit
phay tip mt kia cng ch ct.
-Chiu su ct f=1,85(mm)
-Tra bng (5.125) s tay cng ngh ch to my tp 2{3} vi thp c
>600Mpa,cng sut ca my N=10KW v mc hp kim cng T15K6
c lng chy doa rng :Sz=0,1(mm/rng).
-Tra bng (5.126) {3} vi D=120(mm) ,s rng Z=0,tui bn ca dao
T=1809(pht) lng chy dao Sz=320(m/pht)
-Tc tnh ton:Vt=Vb.K1.K2.K3.K4.K5.K6
-Theo bng (5.126){3} ta c:
K1:h s ph thuc vo c tnh ca thp,K1=1,12

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

K2:h s ph thuc vo chu k bn ca dao


T/Th=240/180=1,33;K2=0,96.
K3:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo mc hp kim,K3=1,0
K4:h s ph thuc vo trng thi ca b mt gia cng,K4=0,9
K5:h s ph iu chnh ph thuc chiu rng phay:B/D>0,8,K5=0,89
K6:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo goc nghing chnh =60-90 c
K6=1,0
Vy Vt=320.1,12.0,96.1,0.0,9.0,89.1,0=275,59(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc tnh ton l
1000.275,59
=731,4 vng/pht
Nt= 1000.Vt =
.120
.D
Chn theo my:Nmy=750 vng/pht
t:Vtt=.120.750
=450mm/pht
1000
=>Chn theo my: Sm=474(mm/pht)
-Cng sut ct:Nc
Theo bng (5.129){3} vi cc thng s tn ta c cng sut ct
Nc=4(Kw)<Nmy.=10.0,75=7,5(Kw)
=>My chn cng sut ct
Bng thng s
T(mm)
N(v/ph)
S(mm/ph)
Cp

chnh
bng
xc
Rz
Phay
1,85
750
475
3
40
Vn tc ct thc

4.2.Nguyn cng 2:Phay hai mt phng np ca tay bin:


Yu cu k thut:phn b u lng d hai mt phay
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht chi tit ln eeto.
2.
Phay phng t kch thc 19,65(mm)
3.
Lt chi tit 180.
4.
Phay thng t kch thc 39,30-0,4
5.
Tho chi tit kim tra.

S g t c th hin trn hnh v:

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

0
39,3 -0,4

19,65

Rz40

--Chi tit c nh v trn g hn ch 3 bc t do mt phng y


v m c nh kha nhm ca hn ch 2 bc t do.
--Chi tit c kp cht nh lc kp ca bulong,hng ca lc kp t
ngoi hng vo mt nh v v vung gc vi phng cua kch thc
thc hin.

Chn my: gia cng mt phng ca np bin ta dng my phay


ng 6H12 vi cc thng s nh nguyn cng phay thng hai mt thn
ca tay bin.

Lng d gia cng:theo bng(3.17){2} vi chi tit dng cng dp


trn my ba c trng lng di 40 kg v kch thc di 800mm ta
c lng d v mt pha Zb=2,5mm.

Ch ct:nguyn cng c chia lm hai bc:phay mt mt


sau lt chi tit li phay mt kia vi cng ch ct.Ta chn ch
ct nh nguyn cng phay phng hai mt ca thn bin.
--Chiu su ct:t=1,85(mm)
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

--Chn theo my Nmy=750(vng/pht)


--Lng chy dao pht :Sm=475(mm/pht)
Bng thng s
T(mm)
N(v/ph)
S(mm/ph)
Phay

1,85

750

475

Cp
chnh
xc
3

bng
Rz
40

4.3/Nguyn cng 3:mi phng hai mt thn ca thn bin


Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

G chi tit trn bn t


Mi phng chi tit t kch thc 19,3(mm)
Lt chi tit 180o
Mi phng chi tit t kch thc 38,60,02(mm)
Tho chi tit kim tra.

S g t th hin nh trn hnh v:

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n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

0,03
0,05 A
2,5

0,03

38,60,02

Sd

nh v v kp cht chi tit trn bn t:

Chn my: gia cng phng hai mt ca tay bin,ta dng my


mi phng 3B732 vi cc thng s:
--B mt lm vic cua bn:320x800(mm)
--Tc dch chuyn ca bn my:3-30(m/pht)
--Chy dao ngang sau mt hnh tnh kp ca bn my:0,3-30(mm)
--Gii hn chy dao ng:0,005-0,05(mm)
--Chiu rng 50-150(mm)
--S vng quay ca :1450(vng/pht)
--Cng sut ng c:13Kw,hiu sut =0,8
--Kch thc my:1645x3450(mm)

Chn mi:Dng mi 5C50M28 CT16K5 320x100x100


Trong :
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

+ ng knh mi:D=320(mm)
+chiu rng:H=100(mm)
+ng knh lp :d=100(mm)
+vt liu mi cacbit silic:5C
+ ht:50M28
+ cng:CT1
+s hiu cu trc:6
+cht kt dnh kenamit:K5

Lng d gia cng:ta c lng d v mt pha Zb=0,35(mm)

Ch ct: gia cng c hai mt phng ca tay bin ta chia


nguyn cng lm hai bc l mi mt mt sau lt v mi mt kia
vi s g v ch ct nh ct bc mt.
--Theo bng mi bn knh v chiu dy ca 100(mm) ta c lng
chy dao ngang :Sng=2550(mm/htrkep).Chn Sng32(mm/htrkep)
--Theo bng (5.126) {3} vi tc chuyn ng ca phi Vph=20
mm/pht v lng chy dao ngang Sng=32 mm/htrkep ta c lng chy
dao theo chiu su :Sd=0.016 (mm/htrkep)
--Lng chy dao theo chiu su c tnh:Std=S.K1.K2.K3
Trong :
K1:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo vt liu gia cng v ng knh
mi.Theo bng (5.216) {3} vi ng knh mi D=320(mm) v chi
tit l thp ti ta c :K1=0,8
K2:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo chnh xc gia cng .Theo bng
(5.126){3} vi lng d gia cng Z=0,35mm v chnh xc kch
thc 0,04mm,ta c K2=1,125.
K3:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo h s in y bn.Theo bng
(5.126){3} vi h s in y bn l K=1
St=0,016.0,8.1,125.0,71=0,0102(mm/htkep)
Cng sut ct yu cu N c ta theo bng (5.127) {3} vi Vph=20
vng/pht,Sng=32(mm/htkep),S=0,01(mm/htrkep) ta c:
N=4,8Kw<Nm.=13.0,8=10,4(Kw)
Bng thng s
Sd(mm)
Nd(v/ph)
Sng(mm/ph)
Cp

chnh
bng
xc
Rz
Mi
0,01
1450
32
3a
10
th
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

4.4/Nguyn cng 4:Mi phng hai mt np ca tay bin.


Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

G chi tit trn bn t


Mi phng chi tit t kch thc 19,3(mm)
Lt chi tit 1800
Mi phng chi tit t kch thc 38,30-0,05
Tho chi tit v kim tra.
S g t c th hin nh hnh v:

0,03
0,05 A

Sd

0
-0,05

38,6

19,3

2,5

0,03

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

nh v v kp cht chi tit trn bn t.

Chn my: gia cng phng hai mt ca tay bin ta dng my


mi phng 3B372 vi cc thng s nh nguyn cng mi phng hai
mt ca thn bin.

Chn mi:dng 5C50M28 CT1 6K5 320x100x100


Lng d gia cng:lng d v mt pha Zb=0,35(mm)
Ch ct
gia cng c hai mt cu ca tay bin ta chia nguyn cng lm
hai bc l:mi mt mt sau lt v mi mt kia vi s g t
v ch ct nh bc 1.V cng yu cu k thut nn tin cho
vic gia cng ta chn ch ct nh nguyn cng mi phng hai
mt ca thn bin.

Ta c:
--Lng chy dao ngang:Sng=32(mm/htrkep)
--Tc chuyn ng ca phi:Vph=20(mm/phut)
--Lng chy dao theo chiu su:S=0,01(mm/htrkep)
--Cng sut ct yu cu:N=4,8(Kw)<Nm.=13.0,8=10,4(Kw)
Bng thng s
Sd(mm)
Mi
th

0,01

Nd(v/ph)

Sng(mm/ph)

1450

32

Cp
chnh
xc
3a

bng
Rz
10

4.5/Nguyn cng 5:Khoan l nh tay bin.Yu cu k thut:


1.
khng vung gc gia l 34
2.
Khoan l u nh t n kch thc 37 vi b mt phi dp
khng ln hn 0,5
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v kp cht chi tit trn g khoan
2.
Khoan l u nh t n kch thc 34
3.
Khoan l u nh t kch thc 370+0,39
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4.
5.

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Vt ln lt hai mp t kch thc 1,5x450


Tho chi tit v kim tra.
S g t c th hin nh trn hnh v

n
S
W

1,5x45
2 mp

+0,39
37 -0

Rz40

--nh v:chi tit c nh v mt y bng phin t hn ch 3 bc t


do ,dng hai cht kha nhm thay cho khi V hn ch 2 bc t do,v
dng mt cht kha nhm chng xoay.
--Kp cht:dng m kp bulong ai c kp cht chi tit c phng
lc kp thng ng v chiu cua lc kp hng t trn xung .

Chn my:chn my khoan ng 2A150 vi cc thng s:


-ng knh mi khoan ln nht khi gia cng thp c bn trung
bnh max=50(mm)
-Cng sut ng c:N=7Kw,hiu sut my =0,85
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-s vng quay ca trc chnh:


32;47;63;89;125;185;240;351;500;735;900;1400 (v/ph)
-Lng chy dao:0,12;0,19;0,28;0,3;0,62;1,17;1,8;2,0;2,4(mm/vng)
-Lc khoan chiu tc ln nht cho php cc c cu chy
dao:Pmax=24580N.

Chn mi khoan:
-Theo bng (4.40) {2} ta chn mi khoan rut g bng thp gi kiu
ui cn loi ngn c ng knh d=5260 mm.
-Ta dng mi khoan c ng knh 37 mm,tra bng 7{1} ta c tui
bn ca dao T=75(pht)

Lng d gia cng:Nguyn cng ny chia lm ba bc


--Khoan l 37(mm) vi zb=18,5 mm
--Vt mp l 1,5x450
--Lt chi tit 1800 vt mp ming kia ca l 1,5x450

Ch ct:
Khoan l 37(mm)
-Chiu su ct :t=18,5(mm)
-Theo bng (5.225) {3} ta c nhm thp gia cng l 6.
-Tra bng (5.87) {3} vi 37 ,nhm thp gia cng 6 v lng chy dao
:S=0,45(mm/vng) ta c tc ct Vb=25(mm/pht)
-Tc ct tnh ton:Vt=Vb.K1.K2.K3.K.3
Theo bng (5.86) ta c:
K1:h s ph thuc chiu su l khoan L<T/Tn=70/75=0,93,K2=1,0
K3:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo mc ca vt liu mi khoan,K3=1,0
K4:h s ph thuc vo trng thi thp ,K4=0,95
Vy Vt=25.1,0.1,0.1,0.0,95=23,73(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
1000.23,73
nt = 1000.Vt =
=204,32(vng/pht)
.37
.D
Chn theo my :nmy=40(vng/pht)
.37.240
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy =
=27,9(m/pht)
1000
1000
-Lng chy dao chn theo my c:Sm=0,4(mm/pht)
-Cng sut ct :Nc
Nc=5,5kw<Nmy.H=7.0,85=5,95(kw)=>vy my chn cng sut ct.

Vt mp u th nht
-Chn lng chy dao theo bc khoan bc trc S=0,4(mm/vng)
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-Tc vng quay trc dao chn theo bc khot nguyn cng trc
ta c:N=240(vng/pht)
Sau khi vt mp xong mt u ta lt chi tit v vt mp u cn li cc
ch cng tng t.
Bng thng s khi khoan l u nh 37

Khoan
l 37

t(mm)

n(v/ph)

S(v/ph)

Cp
chnh
xc

Rz

18,5

240

0,4

40

240

0,4

Vt
mp

4.6/Nguyn cng 6:Chut l u nh tay bin:


Yu cu k thut :
- khng vung gc gia l 38 so vi mt A khng ln hn
0,05/100
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v chi tit trn g
2.
Lp dao vo chi tit v bu cp
3.
Chut l t kch thc 380-0,05
4.
Tho chi tit kim tra

S g t c th hin nh hnh v:

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31

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

380-0.05

2.5
0
38 -0,05

nh v :chi tit c nh v mt y ca phin t hn ch ba bc t


do trn g ,do trong qu trnh tut dao t la do hn ch hai bc
t do.
--Kp cht:Do dao chut c ng knh ln dn v t n u lng d
gia cng nn li dng lc chut kp cht chi tit xung thn g
phng ca lc vung gc vi mt nh chiu p chi tit vo mt nh
v.
Chn my
chut l u nh m bo c yu cu k thut ta dng my chut
nm vi cc thng s sau:
-Lc chut:20(tn)
-Chiu di hnh trnh bn trt
+Ln nht:1600(mm)
+Nh nht:100(mm)
-Tc chut(min-max):1,511(m/pht)
-Tc chy khng:25(m/pht)
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32

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-Cng sut ng c:30(kw).Hiu sut my =0,8


Kch thc my 1500x6800(mm)
Chn dao:Dng dao chut thp gi trn c ng knh thay i t
36,8 n 360-0,05.Sau khi chut song nhm b mt gia cng Ra=2,5m.
Lng d gia cng:Ta c lng d gia cng v mt pha Zb=0,5(mm)
Ch ct:
-Cc phn t ct:
Cc phn t khi chut l:Chu vi ct (vnh ct)
B=B.Z1/B
Trong :
B:Chu vi ct ph thuc vo hnh dng ,kch thc b mt gia cng v
s ct ,phi hoc ln hn c mt i lng 1/cos,khi b tr rng
nghing mt gc =1/cos;B=.d=3,14x38=119,32(mm)
Z0:s rng trong on dao chut khi theo s ct tin tin (khi theo s
ct profin hay theo s ct theo sng th Z0=1)
Z1:s rng ln nht ng thi ct c xc nh theo biu thc:Z=1/t
Vi 1 :l chiu di b mt gia cng 1=38,6(mm)
T:bc rng dao t=6(mm)
=>S rng ln nht ng thi c ct Z1.38,6/6=6,43=>=6
Vy chu vi ct B =119.32x6/1=715,92(mm)
--Lng chy dao Sz:
Lng chy dao khi chut Sz l chnh kch thc gia cc rng dao
lin nhau chnh l yu t to nn dao chut.
Ta chn lng dao Sz=0,01(mm)
--Tc ct V:
Tc ct c xc nh theo yu cu ca chnh xc gia cng v
nhm b mt.Theo bng (5.53){3} v (5.52) {3} ta c nhm tc ct
khi chut thp.
Tc ct ln nht ca my l:
Vmax=11(m/pht)

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33

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

A2

A1

Sz

n tt nghip

Sz=A2 - A1

Tc ct cho thp ng c ca my chut l Vm=61200

N
(m/pht)
Pz

Trong :
N:cng sut ng c my N=30(KN)
Pz:lc ct khi chut ca my Pz=200(KN)
:Hiu sut ca my =0,8
30
.0,8=7,344(m/pht)
Vm=61200.
200000
-Lc ct Pz(N)
Khi chut lc ct c xc nh theo cng thc:
Pz=P.=71.715,92=50830(N)
Bng thng s khi chut l 380-0,05

Chut
l

Lung
chy
dao Sz
0,01

Tc
ct
V(m/ph)
7

Lc
khi ct
Pz(N)
50830

Cp
chnh
xc
2

bng
Rz
10

4.7/Nguyn cng 7:Phay thng vu lm chun ca tay bin:


Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht chi tit trn g.
2.
Phay chi tit t kch thc 510,2.
3.
Tho v ly chi tit ,kim tra.

S g t c th hin nh hnh v sau:

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34

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Rz20

270,2

510,2

-nh v:chi tit c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch


3 bc t do,cht tr ngn hn ch hai bc t do ti l u nho v cht
chng xoay hn ch bc quay quanh l u nh.
-Kp cht:Dng mo kp bulong ai c kp cht chi tit c phng
lc kp vung gc vi phin t v chiu ca lc hng vo nh v.

Chn my:Phay chun tinh ta dng my phay ngang 6H82T vi


thng s:
-Mt lm vic ca bn my 320x1250 mm
-Cng sut ng c :(Kw):N=7.Hiu sut my =0,75.
-s vng quay ca trc chnh:
30;37,5;47,5;60;75;95;118;150;190;235;300;375;475;600;750;900
mm/ph
-lung chy dao dc v ngang:
19;23,5;30;37,5;47,5;60;75;95;190;235;300;375;475;600;750;900
mm/ph

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35

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-Lc ct chiu trc ln nht cho php tc dng ln bn


my:Pxmax=14720N.

Chn dao:Dng hai dao phay tr thp gi C120 v 168.


-Theo bng 7{1} ta c Dmax=200(mm),tui bn T=120 pht
-Chn kch thc ca dao ln :D=168(mm);B=30(mm);Z=10.

Lng d gia cng:ta c lng d Zb=3(mm)

Ch ct:Ta tnh ch ct cho dao c ng knh ln.


-Chiu su ct:t=3(mm)
-Tra bng(5.131){3} vi 168(mm0,s rng Z=12,tui bn dao T=180
pht,lng chy dao tinh S0=0,18(mm/rng) v chiu su ct t=39mm)
ta c tc ct Vb=57(m/pht)
-Tc ct tnh ton:Vt=Vb.K1.K2.K3.K4
Theo bng: (5.126){3} ta c :
K1:h s ph thuc vo c tnh ca thp,K1=1,12
K2:h s ph thuc vo chu k bn T/Th=240/180=1,33;K2=0,95
K3:h s ph thuc vo trng thi ca b mt gia cng,K3=0,9
K4:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo dng gia cng c K4=0,8
Vy Vt=57x1,12x0,95x0,8=43,67(m/pht)
=>S vng quay ca trc chnh tnh ton l:
1000.43,67
=83(vong/phut)
Nt= 1000.Vt =
.168
.D
Chn theo my:nmy=95(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vt= .D.Nmy =50,14(m/pht)
1000
-Lng chy dao pht:Sp=Sn.nmy=2,16.95=205,2(mm/pht)
=>Chn s vng my:Sp=190(mm/pht)
Bng thng s
T(mm)
N(v/ph)
S(mm/ph)
Cp

chnh
bng
xc
Rz
Phay
3
95
190
3
20
4.8/Nguyn cng 8:Phay phng mt ghp(thn v np) ca tay
bin.
Yu cu k thut:Cc kch thc m bo bng gi
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht chi tit ln g phay
2.
Phay chi tit t kch thc 149 0,1
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36

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

3.
Tho v ly chi tit
4.
Kim tra
S g c t nh trn hnh v:

33

0,1
0,05 A
Rz40

1490,1

45

nh v: thn bin c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch 3


bc t do ,cht tr ngn hn ch hai bc t do ti l u nh v cht
xoay hn ch bc quay quanh l u nh ti vu chun.
Np bin cng c nh v hai mt y bng phin dn hn ch 3
bc t do ,hai cht tr kha nhm np bin ti hai mt ta bulong hn
ch hai bc t do.
Kp cht:dng m kp bulong ai c kp cht chi tit c phng lc
kp vng gc vi phin t v chiu ca lc kp hng vo mt nh v.

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37

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Chn my:Phay thng mt ghp thn v np bin dng my phay


ng 6H12

Chn dao:Dng dao phay mt u c gn mnh ct hp kim


cng.
-Theo bng7{1} ta c Dmax=300(mm),tui bn ca dao l T=240(pht)
-Tra bng (4.95){2} ta chn D=80(mm);B=45;d(H7)=30(mm).S rng
Z=5

Lng d gia cng:ta c lng d Zb=2,5(mm0

Ch ct:t=2,5(mm)
-Chiu su ct:t=2,5(mm)
-Tra bng (5.125){3} vi cng sut my N=10kw,b>600Mpa v mc
hp kim T15K6 ta chn lng chy dao T =180(pht),lng chy dao
Sz=0,1(mm/rng) v chiu su ct t=3(mm) ta c tc ct
Vb=335(m/pht)

Tc tnh ton:Vt=Vb.K1.K2.K3.K4.K5
Theo bng (5.126){3} ta c:
K1:H s ph thuc vo tnh c ca thp,K1=1,12
K2:H s ph thuc vo chu k bn dao T/TH=240/180=1,33;K2=0,95.
K3:H s iu chnh ph thuc vo mc hp kim,K3=1,0
K4:H s ph thuc vo trng thi ca b mt gia cng,K4=0,9
K5:H s iu chnh ph thuc chiu rng phay :B/D=2/8<0,8;K5=0,89
Vy Vt=335.1,12.0,95.1,0.0,9.0,89=285,51(m/pht)
=>s vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
Nt=1000.Vt=1136(vng/pht)
.D
Chn nmy=1180(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy =296,57(vng/pht)
1000
-Lng chy dao:Sp=0,15.1180=590(mm/ph)
=>Chn Sm=600(mm/ph)
-Cng sut ct Nc
Theo bng (5.129){3} tra c cng sut ct Nc=3,5kw
Bng thng s
T(mm)

N(v/ph)

S(mm/ph)

Phay

95

190

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38

Cp
chnh
xc
3

bng
Rz
20

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

4.9/Nguyn cng 9:Khoan doa l nh v


Yu cu k thut:
1.
khng vung gc ng tm 2 l M12x1,25;ng tm 2 l
12,3 v ng tm 4 l 16 so vi b mt A khng ln hn 0,05/100
2.
Cc kch thc m bo g

S g t c th hin nh trn hnh v:

15.7+0.15

23.5
25.5
8.5

Rz20

.1
0
51

+0.1
149 -0.05

12,3

900,5
3

19,250,15

45
21
0,7
2
0.1

450,05

-nh v:Thn bin c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch 3


bc t do,cht tr ngn hn ch hai bc t do ti l u nh v cht
chng xoay hn ch bc quanh l u nho ti vu chun.
-Np bin cng c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch 3 bc
t do,hai cht tr kha nhm np bin ti hai mt ta bulong hn
ch hai bc t do.

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39

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-Kp cht:dng m bulong ai c kp cht chi tit c phng lc


kp vung gc vi phin t v chiu hng vo mt nh v.

Ni dung nguyn cng:


1.
nh v v kp cht c thn v np trn g.
2.
Khoan ln lt hai l trn thn t cc kch thc
10,7;25,5(mm)
3.
Khoan ln lt hai l trn np t kch thc 12,3(mm)
4.
Khot ln lt hai l trn thn t kch thc 15,7+0,15;5,5(mm)
5.
Khot ln lt hai l trn np t kch thc 15,7+0,15;8,5(mm)
6.
Doa ln lt hai l trn thn t kch thc 160+0,15;5,5(mm)
7.
Doa ln lt hai l trn np t kch thc 16-0,003-0,039;8,5(mm)
8.
Vt ln lt c mp t kch thc 1x450
9.
Taro hai l trn thn t cc kch thc M12x1,25;23,5(mm)
10. Tho chi tit kim tra.

Chn my:
Chn my khoan cn 2H55 vi cc thng s :
-ng knh mi khoan ln nht khi gia cng thp c bn trung
bnh max=50(mm)
-Cng sut ng c:N=4(Kw),hiu sut my =0,85
-Cng sut ng c nng cn:N=2,2(Kw)
-S vng quay trc chnh:
:20;32;47;63;89;125;185;240;351;500;735;996;1400;2000(vng/pht)
-Lng chy dao:
:0,056;0,12;0,19;0,28;0,4;0,62;1,17;1,8;2,0;2,4(mm/vng)

Chn dao:
-Dng mi khoan rut g bng thp gi phi tiu chun
10,7;12,3(mm)
-Dng mi khot thp gi phi tiu chun 15,7(mm)
-Dng mi doa thp gi 16H7; 16N8(mm)
-Dng mi khot vt 900
-Dng taro M12x1,25
Tra bng 7{1} ta c tui bn cua dao T=759phuts)

Lng d gia cng:


Gia cng trn thn bin:
-Khoan l c 10,7(mm) vi zb=5,35(mm)
-Khot l 15,7 (mm) vi zb=2,5(mm)
-Doa l 16H7(mm) vi zb=0,15(mm0
-Taro M12x1,25
-Vt mp 1x450
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40

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Gia cng trn np bin:


-Khoan l c 12,3(mm) vi zb=1,7(mm)
-Khot l 15,7(mm) vi zb=1,7(mm)
-Doa l 16H7(mm) vi zb=0,15(mm)

Khoan 2 l 16H7(mm) trn thn bin


-Chiu su ct:t=5,35(mm)
-Theo bng (5.225) ta c nhm thp gia cng l 6
-Tra bng (5.87){3} vi 10,7(mm) v thp c <800Mpa,nhm chy
dao III,ta c lng chy dao S =0,11(mm/vng).Chn
S=0,11(mm/vng)
-Theo bng (5.86){3} vi =10,7(mm) ,nhm thp gia cng 6 v
lng chy ra s=0,11(mm/vng)
Ta c tc ct:Vb=37(m/pht)
-Tc ct tnh ton :Vt=Vb.K1.K2.K3.K4
=>Trong :
K1:h s ph thuc vo chiu su ca khoan L<3D
Theo bng (5.87){3} ta c K1=1,0
K2 :h s ph thuc vo chu k bn ca dao T/Tn=25/75=0,33
Theo bng (5.87){3} ta c K2=1,25
K3:h s iu chinh ph thuc vo mc ca vt liu khoan
Theo bng (5.87){3} ta c K3=1,0
K4:h s ph thuc vo trng thi thp.
Theo bng (5.87){3} ta c K4=0,95
Vy Vt=37.1,0.1,25.1,0.0,95=43,94(m/pht)
=>s vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:L
1000.43,94
=1307,15(vng/pht)
Nt=1000.Vt =
.D
.D
Chn theo my nmy=1400(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vt= .D.Nmy =47,06(m/pht)
1000
-Lng chy dao chn theo my c :Sm=0,12(mm/vng)
*Khoan 2 l 12,3 (mm/np bin)
Chiu su ct T=6,15 (mm)
-Chn s vng quay trc chnh theo my :nmy=1400 (vng/pht)
-Lng chy dao chy theo my :Sm=0,12 (mm/pht)
*Khot 2 l 15,7 (mm) trn thn bin
-Chiu su ct :t=2,5(mm)
-Tra bng (5.104){3} vi 15,7 (mm) v nhm chy dao II ta c lng
chy
dao
:S=0,40,45
(mm/vng).Lng
chy
dao
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41

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

S=0,4(mm/vng),nhm thp gia cng 6 v mi khot lin ta c ct


Vb=20(vng/pht)
-Tc ct tnh ton:Vt=Vb.K1.K2
Trong :
-K1:h s ph thuc vo chu k bn
Vi 15,7(mm)
=>Ttb=30(pht)=>T/Th=30/75=0,4
Theo bng (5.104){3} ta c K1=1,25
-K2:h s ph thuc vo trng thi thp
Theo bng (5.104){3} ta c K2=0,95
Vi Vt=20.1,25.0,95=23,75(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
1000.23,75
=481,52(vng/phut)
Nt=1000.Vt=
.15,7
.D
Chn theo my:ta c n my=500(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy =47,06(m/pht)
1000
-Lng chy dao ta chn cho my c:Sm=0,12(mm/vng)
*Khoan 2 l 12,3(mm) trn np bin.
-Chiu su ct:t=6,15(mm)
-Chn s vng quay trc chnh theo my :nmy=1400 vng/pht
-Lng chy dao dc theo my:Sm=0,12(mm/vng)
*Khot 2 l 15,7 trn thn bin
-Chiu su ct :t=2,5(mm)
-Tra bng (5.104){3} vi 15,7(mm) v nhm chy dao II ta c lng
chy
dao:S=0,4
0,45(mm/vng).Chn
lng
chy
dao
S=0,42(mm/vng),nhm thp gia cng 6 v mi khot lin ta c tc
ct :Vb=20(m/pht)
Tc ct tnh ton:
Vt=Vb.K1.K2
Trong :
-K1:h s ph thuc vo chu k bn
Vi 15,7(mm)
=>Ttb=30(pht)=>T/Th=30/75=0,4
Theo bng (5.104){3} ta c K1=1,25
-K2:h s ph thuc vo trng thi thp
Theo bng (5.104){3} ta c K2=0,95
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42

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Vi Vt=20.1,25.0,95=23,75(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
Nt=1000.Vt =481,52(vng/phut)
.D
Chn theo my:ta c n my=500(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy =24,66(m/pht)
1000
-Lng chy dao ta chn cho my c:Sm=500(mm/vng)
*Khot 2 l 15,7 trn np bin
-Chiu su ct:t=1,7(mm)
-tra bng (5.104){3} vi vi 16 (mm) v nhm chy dao II ta c
lng chy dao :S=0,8(mm/vng)
*Doa 2 l 15,7 trn np bin
-Chiu su ct:t=0,15(mm)
-tra bng (5.104){3} vi vi 16 (mm) v nhm chy dao II ta c
lng chy dao :S=0,8(mm/vng) v nhm thp gia cng 6 ta c tc
ct Vb=10,6(m/pht)
-Tc ct tnh ton Vt=Vb.K
Trong :
-K:h s ph thuc vo chu k bn
Vi 16(mm)
=>Ttb=40(pht)=>vy Vt=10,6.0,8=8,48(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
Nt=1000.Vt =168,7(vng/phut)
.D
Chn theo my:ta c n my=185(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy =9,3(m/pht)
1000
-Lng chy dao ta chn cho my c:Sm=0,62(mm/vng)
*Doa 2 l 16N8 trn np bin
-Chiu su ct:t=1,7(mm)
-S vng quay trc chnh chn theo my:nmy=185(vng/pht)
-Lng chy dao chn theo my:Sm=0,62(mm/vng)
*Taro l ren M12x1,25:
-Bc ren:P=1,25(mm/vng)
-Tra bng (5.104){3} vi M12 v P=15(mm) ta c tc ct
Vb=10(m/pht)
Tc ct tnh ton:
Vt=Vb.K1.K2
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43

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Trong :
K1:h s k n khi ct ren chnh xc,K1=0,8
K2:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo vt lih gia cng
Ta c:K2=1,0
=>V1=10.0,8.1,0=8(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
Nt=1000.Vt =212,21(vng/phut)
.D
*Vt 2 mp 1x450
-Chn lng chy dao cho my :Sm=0,12(mm/vng)
4.10/Nguyn cng 10:Mi mt ghp (thn v np) ca tay bin
Yu cu k thut:
1.
nh v v kp cht c thn v np trn g mi
2.
Mi phng t kch thc 210 0,05 v 148,490,035
3.
Tho chi tit kim tra

S g t c th hin nh trn hnh v

n
0,01
0,01 A

51

+0.1
149 -0.05

33

1,25

0
.1

45

21

0,

72

.1

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44

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

nh v:thn bin c xc nh mt y bng phin dn hn


ch 3 bc t do,cht tr ngn hn ch hai bc t do ti l u nh v
cht xoay hn ch bc quay quanh l u nh ti vu chun.
-Np bin cng c nh v mt bng phin dn hn ch 3 bc t
do,cht tru kha nhm np bin ti hai mt ta bulong hn ch hai
bc t do.

Kp cht:dng m kp bulong ai c kp cht chi tit c


phng lc kp vung gc vi phin t v chiu ca lc hng vo mt
nh v.

Chn my: mi phng thn v np bin dng my mi phng


3B732

Chn mi:Dng mi 64C 32H C1 6K3 400x120x100


Trong :
+ng knh mi D=400(mm)
+chiu rng H=100(mm)
+ng knh lp d=100(mm)
+vt liu mi cacbit silic xanh :64C
+ ht 40H
+ cng C1
+s hiu cu trc 6
+cht kt dnh Keeamit:K3

Lng d gia cng:ta c lng d v mt pha Zb=0,51(mm)

Ch ct:
ct gia cng c mt ghp ca thn v np bin ta c ch mi
nh sau:
-Theo bng (5.126){3} tc chuyn ng ca phi Vph=20(mm/pht)
v lng dao ngang Sng=32(mm/htrkp) ta c lng chy dao theo
chiu su Sd=0,016(mm/htrkep)
-Lng chy dao theo chiu su tnh:St=S. .K1.K2.K3
Trong :
K1:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo vt liu gia cng v ng knh mi
Theo bng (5.126){3} vi ng knh mi D=320(mm) v chi tit l
thp ti ta c K1=0,9
K2:h s iu chinh ph thuc vo chnh xc gia cng
Theo bng (5.126){3} vi lng d gia cng z=0,51(mm) v chnh
xc kch thc 0,07(mm) ta c K2=1,8
K3:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo h s in y bn
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45

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Theo bng (5.126){3} vi h s iu khin y k=1=>K3=0,71


=>St=0,016.0,9.1,8.0,71(mm/htrkep)
Chn S=0,02(mm/htrkep)
-Cng sut yu cu N c tra bng (5.217){3}
-Vi Theo bng (5.126){3} vi Vph=20(m/pht),Sng=32(mm/htrkep) v
S=0,02(mm/htrkep) ta c :N=7,5(kw)<Sm.=13.0,8=10,4(kw)
Bng thng s
Sd(mm)
Nd(v/ph)
Sng(mm/ph)
Cp

chnh
bng
xc
Rz
Mi
0,02
1470
32
3a
6,3
4.11/Nguyn cng 11:Kha mt ta bulong np bin
Yu cu k thut:
1.
lch ng tm b mt 24 so vi tm l 12,3,khng ln
hn 0,2
2.
khng song song b mt B so vi b mt A khng ln hn
0,05.
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht chi tit trn g khoan
2.
Kha hai mt t kch thc 3200,34 24
3.
Tho v ly chi tit.
4.
Kim tra

S g t c th hin nh hnh v:

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46

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

n
0,05

Rz40
32 00.34

-nh v :np bin c nh v mt ghp 3 bc t do nh phin dn


v c nh v bng mt phin dn mt phng hn ch hai bc t
do.
-kp cht:Np bin c kp cht bng bolong thanh c phng vung
gc vi kch thc thc hin v chiu hng vo mt nh v.
*Chn my:Chn my khoan cn 2H55 vi cc thng s
*Chn dao:dng dao kho mt thp gi 23,c nh tm vi s rng
z=5
Tra bng 7{1} ta c tui bn ca dao T=75(pht)

Lng d gia cng:lng d gia cng khi kha mt bulong l


Zb=1(mm)

Ch ct:
-Chiu su ct :t=1(mm)
-Tra bng (5.146){3} chiu su ct t=1(mm) v s rng dao Z=5.Ta c
phng dao chy rng:Sz=0,120,07(mm/rng)
Chn Sz=0,09(mm/rng)
-Tra bng (5.146){3} vi 24(mm),s rng dao Z=5,ng knh kha
24mm v chiu su ct t =1(mm).Ta c tc ct :Vb=64(m/pht)
-Tc ct tnh ton:Vt=Vb. K1.K2.K3

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47

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Trong
K1:h s iu chinh ph thuc vo chu k bn ca dao
T/Tn=75/60=1,25
Theo bng (5.147){3} ta c K1=0,93
K2:h s ph thuc vo c tnh ca thp
Theo bng (5.120){3} ta c K2=1,15
K3:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo trng thi b mt gia cng
Theo bng (5.120){3} ta c K3=0,85
K4:h s ph thuc vo trng thi thp
Vy Vt=64.0,93.1,15.0,85=58,18(m/phut)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
Nt= 1000.Vt =771,6(vng/phut)
.D
Chn theo my:nmy=735(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy =55,42(m/pht)
1000
Lng chy dao S=0,09.5=0,45(mm/rng)
Chn theo my c :Sm=0,4(mm/rng)
Cng sut ct theo yu cu N
Theo bng (5.151) vi Sz=0,09(mm/rng)
ng knh khong 24 v lng chy dao S=394(mm/pht) ta c
cng sut ct theo yu cu N=1,5kw<N.=4.0,85=3,4
Bng thng s
T(mm)
N(v/ph)
S(mm/ph)
Cp

chnh
bng
xc
Rz
Kho
1
735
0,4
3
40
mt
24
4.12/Nguyn cng 12:ngui v np rp tay bin
Yu cu k thut:
1.
Chi tit np bin c np chn vi thn tay bin
2.
Sau khi np xit cht bulong ,ng s th t t 001.999 trn
thn v np.
Ni dung nguyn cng:

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48

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Kp cht thn bin trn eto


Lm sch nh v thn v np
Lp bc nh v thn v np
Lp bulong bin,xit cht
ng s th t trn thn v np trng nhau
Tho v ly chi tit

4.13/Nguyn cng 13:Mi phng hai mt ca tay bin.


Yu cu k thut:
Phn b u lng d cho hai mt.
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
G chi tit trn bn t
2.
Mi phng chi tit t kch thc 30-0,17-0,33
3.
Tho dnh v kim tra

S g t c th hin nh hnh v

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49

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

0,02
0,03 A

n
V

38 -0,17
-0,33

2,5

Sd
A

0,02

nh v v kp cht chi tit trn bn t

Chn my: mi phng hai mt ca tay bin ,ta dng my mi


phng 3B732

Chn mi:dng mi 23A40 CT1 6K5 320x100x150


Trong : +ng knh mi D=320(mm)
+chiu rng H=100(mm)
+ng knh lp d=100(mm)
+vt liu mi crun in trng:23A
+ ht 40
+ cng CT1
+s hiu cu trc 6
+cht kt dnh Keeamit:K5

Lng d gia cng:ta c lng d v mt pha Zb=0,3(mm)

Ch ct: gia cng c hai mt phng ca tay bin ta chia


nguyn cng ra lm hia bc l:
+Mi mt mt kia vi s g t v ch ct nhu bc m1
-Theo bng (5.126){3} vi mi bn tinh v chiu dy ca 100(mm)
ta c lng chy dao ngang Sng=2550(mm/htrkep) .Chn
Sng=25(mm/htrkep)
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50

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-Theo bng (5.126){3} vi tc chuyn ng ca phi


Vph=16(mm/pht) v lng dao ngang Sng=25(mm/htrkep) ta c lng
chy dao theo chiu su S=0,025(mm/htrkep)
-Lng chy dao theo chiu su tnh:St=S. K1.K2.K3
Trong :
K1;h s iu chnh ph thuc vo vt liu gia cng v ng knh mi
Theo bng (5.216){3} vi ng knh mi D=320(mm) v chi tit l
thp ti ta c:K1=0,8
K2:h s iu chnh ph vo chnh xc gia cng
Theo
bng
(5.216){3}
vi
h
s
in
y
bn
k=72/100=0,62=>K3=0,85
=>St=0,025.0,8.1,4.0,85=0,0238(mm/htrkep)
Chn S=0,02(mm/htrkep)
-Cng sut yu cu N c tra bng (5.127){3}
-Vi Vph=16(m/pht),Sng=25(mm/htrkep) v S=0,02(mm/htrkep) ta c:
N=4,8(kw)<Sm.=13.0,8=10,4(kw)
Bng thng s
Sd(mm)
Nd(v/ph)
Sng(mm/ph)
Cp

chnh
bng
xc
Rz
Mi
0,02
1450
25
3a
10
4.14/Nguyn cng 14:tin l u to ca tay bin.
Ni dung ca nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht chi tit ln g tin
2.
Tin l u to t kch thc 51 0,2;2100,15;68,5+0,250
3.
Tho v ly chi tit
4.
Kim tra
Ni dung nguyn cng:

-nh v:tay bin c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch


3 bc t do,cht tr ngn hn ch hai bc t do ti l u nh v cht
chonhs xoay hn ch bc quay quanh l u nho ti vu chun trn u
g , g ny c kp trn mm cp 4 chu ca my tin.
-Kp cht:Dng m kp bulong ai c kp cht chi tit vo g
phng lc kp vung gc vi phin t v chiu ca lc kp hng vo
mt nh v.

Chn my:
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51

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

tin l u to ca tay bin ,ta dng my tin R-vn-ve 1K36 vi


cc thng s:
-ng knh ln nht ca phi trn mm cp :440 mm
-ng knh ln nht ca thanh vt liu gia cng :60 mm
-S l trn tr R-vn-ve:6
-Hnh trnh di nht ca R-vn-ve:917 mm
-Tit din dao ln nht:25x25mm
-Cng sut ng c:10kw
-Lc chy dao ln nht:8830N(900kg)
-S vng pht ca trc chnh:30;40;54;69;126;222;297;380;515;619.
-lng chy dao dc (mm/vng):
0,07;0,09;0,13;0,17;0,28;0,31;0,38;0,41;0,52;0,56;0,76;0,92;1,24;1,68;
2,29.

Chn dao tin:Dng dao u thng thp gi 16x25 mm c tui


bn 40-50 pht.

Lng d gia cng:ta c lng d gia cng v mt pha


Zb=1,75(mm)

Ch ct: tin l u to ca tay bin ta cn xc nh cc


thng s ct sau:
-Chiu su ct:Ta thy nguyn cng ny l tin th v khng hn ch
bi cng sut ca thit b , cng vng ca h thng cng ngh do
ta ly chiu su ct bng lng d gia cng=>t=1,75(mm) ta c lng
chy dao ngang S=0,61,2(mm/vng)
So snh vi bng (5.62){3} ta chn lng chy dao S=0,6(mm/vng)
-Tc ct V:theo bng (5.63){3} vi chiu su ct t=1.75(mm) lng
chy dao S=0,6(mm/vng) v c im gia cng tin trong ta c tc
ct V=47(m/pht)
-Tc ct tnh ton l Vt= Vb. K1.K2.K3.K4.K5
=>Trong :
K1:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo nhm c tnh ca thp
Theo bng (5.63){3} vi thp 45 c HRC 26-30 ,ta c K1=1,28
K2:h s iu chnh ph thuc chu k bn T ca dao
Theo bng (5.63){3} vi T=40-50 pht,ta c K2=1,04
K3:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo goc nghing chnh ca dao
Theo bng (5.63){3} vi =900 ta c K3=0,65
K4:h s iu chnh ph thuc vo tnh trng b mt phi
Theo bng (5.63){3} vi phi dp khng c vo cng ta c K4=1,0
K5:h s iu chinh ph thuc vo dung dch trn ngui ta c: K5=0,8
Vy Vt=47.1,28.1,04.0,65.1,0.0,8=32,53(m/pht)
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52

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:


Nt=1000.Vt=151,16(vng/phut)
.D
Chn theo my:nmy=164(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy =35,29(m/pht)
1000
Lng chy dao chn theo my Smy=0,56(mm/vng)
Cng sut ct yu cu N c tra theo bng (5.67){3} vi cc thng s
xc nh trn ta c:N=2,0(kw)<Nm.=10.0,8=8(kw)

Bng thng s
T(mm)
Tin
l
68,5

1,75

N(v/ph)

S(mm/ph)

164

0,56

Cp
chnh
xc
4

bng
Rz
40

4.15/Nguyn cng 15:Doa ln 1 l nh 39 ca tay bin.


Yu cu k thut:
1.
khng song song ng tm 2 l 39 v68,5 khng ln
hn 0,1/100
2.
cn, ovan l 39 khng ln hn 0,018
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht trn g doa
2.
Doa l t kch thc 2100,1;39+0,0250
3.
Tho chi tit v kim tra

S g t c th hin nh hnh v

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53

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

w
W

2100,05

0
0 , ,0 3 4
00
9

+0
0

510,1

35

,1

5
69,

-nh v:tay bin c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch 3 bc


t do,cht tr ngn hn ch 2 bc t do ti l u to v cht chng xoay
hn ch bc quay quanh l u to ti vu chun.
-Kp cht:Dng m kp bulong ai c kp cht chi tit c phng
lc kp vung gc vi phin t v chiu ca lc kp hng vo mt
nh v.

Chn my: Chn my khoan ng 2A150 doa l nh 39mm.

Chn dao: Dng mi doa thp gi 39mm.

Lng d gia cng:Doa l 39mm vi lng d gia cng v mt


pha zb=0,5(mm)

Ch ct:
Chiu su ct:t=0,5(mm)

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54

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Tra bng (5.112){3} vi D=39(mm) v nhm chy dao II ta c


lng chy dao :S=1,2(mm/vng). Chn theo my ta c lng chy dao
Smy=1,17(mm/vng)
Tra bng (5.112){3} vi D=39(mm),lng chy dao
Smy=1,17(mm/vng) v nhm thp gia cng 6,ta c tc ct
Vb=7,5(m/pht)
Tc ct tnh ton:Vt=Vb.K
Trong :
K:h s ph thuc vo chu k bn
Vi D=39(mm)=>T=80(pht)=>T/Th=80/50
Theo bng (5.113){3} ta c K=0,85
Vy Vt=7,5.0,85=6,375(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
Nt=1000.Vt =7,72(m/phut)
.D
Lng chy dao dc theo my c Sm=1,17(mm/vng)
Bng thng s
T(mm)
N(v/ph)
S(mm/ph)
Cp

chnh
bng
xc
Rz
Doa
0,5
63
1,17
3
10
l 39
4.16/Nguyn cng 16:Doa ln 1 l to 69,5 ca tay bin.
Yu cu k thut:
1.
khng song song ng tm 2 l 39 v 69,5 ,khng ln
hn 0,05/100.
2.
cn, ovan l 69,5 khng ln hn 0,018.
Ni dung nguyn cng:

nh v v kp cht chi tit trn g doa

Doa l t kch thc 2100,05;510,1; 69,5+0,10

Tha chi tit kim tra.

S g c th hin nh trn hnh v:

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55

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

2100,05

69 +
,5 0 0,1

510,2

25
+0,0
0
9

- nh v:thn bin c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch ba


bc t do,cht tr ngn hn ch 2 bc t do ti l u nh v cht
chng xoay hn ch bc quay quanh l u nh ti vu chun.
- Kp cht:Dng m kp bulong ai c kp cht chi tit c phng
lc kp vung gc vi phin t v chiu lc kp hng vo mt nh
v.

Chn my:dng my doa ngang 2615 vi cc thng s:


ng knh l c doa :80(mm)
Khong cch t ng tm trc chnh ti mt bn:225 (mm)
Gii hn chy dao trc chnh:2,21760 (mm/vng)
Gii hn chy dao ca bn my:1,4 1110(mm/vng)
Gii hn vng quay trc chnh:20 1600(vng/pht)
Cng sut ng c in 5 (kw)

Chn dao:dng mnh hp kim cng T15K6 gn trn trc dao doa
t l 69,5(mm)

Lng d gia cng:


Doa l 69,5 vi lng d gia cng v mt pha zb=0m5(mm)
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56

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Ch ct:
Chiu su ct:t=0,5(mm)
Theo bng (5.116){3} vi ng knh doa 69,5(mm) ta c
lng chy dao S=1,5 2,0(mm/vng)
Tra bng (5.116){3} vi vt liu thp cc bon,ng knh doa
69,5(mm) vt liu ct T15K6 v nhm b mt Rz10 ta c tc ct
V=10(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
Nt=1000.Vt =45,8(vng/phut)
.D
Chn theo my:nmy=47(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy = 10,26(m/pht)
1000
Lng chy dao chn theo my Smy=1,68(mm/vng)
Bng thng s
T(mm)
N(v/ph)
S(mm/ph)
Cp
chnh
xc
Doa
0,5
47
1,68
3
l
69,5

bng
Rz
10

4.17/Nguyn cng 17:p bc v khoan l u nh tay bin


Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht chi tit trn my khoan.
2.
Vt cc mp t kch thc 05x450;900;75.
3.
Lm trn ming u l nh.
4.
Lp bc ng vo chy p bi du bi trn ln mt ngoi bc.
5.
p bc vo u nh bin t kch thc 2(mm)
6.
Tho chi tit.
7.
Khoan l u 5 ,vt mp cc l t kch thc 3(mm);1200
8.
Ly chi tit kim tra.
Vt cc ming l u to,u nh v p bc vo u nh ca tay bin.

S g c th hin nh trn hnh v:

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57

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

75

0,5x45 0

2,5x45 0

-nh v: Chi tit c nh v mt y bng phin t hn ch 3 bc


t do,dng hai cht kha nhm thay cho khi V hn ch hai bc t do v
dung 1 cht kha nhm chng xoay.
-Kp cht: Dng m kp bulong ai c kp cht chi tit c phng
lc kp thng ng v chiu ca lc kp hng t trn xung di.
Chn my: Chn my khoan ng 2A125 vi cc thng s:

-ng knh mi khoan vi cc thng s ln nht khi gia cng thp c


bn trung bnh max=25(mm)
-Cng sut ng c:N=2,8(kw),hiu sut my =0,8
-S vng quay trc chnh:99,5; 135; 190; 267; 380; 540; 668; 950;
1360(vng/pht)
-Lng chy dao:0,1; 0,13; 0,17; 0,22; 0,28; 0,36; 0,48; 0,62;
0,81(mm/vng)
-Lc khoan chiu trc ln nht cho php ca cc c cu chy
dao:Pmax=8830N(900kg)
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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Lng d gia cng:vt mp l nh 0,5x450

Ch ct:
Ta chn lng chy dao v tc ct chungcho hai bc khot l nh
v l to ca tay bin .V yu cu bng Rz20 nn ta chn ch ct
theo my v phi hp l vi yu cu k thut.
Lng chy dao chn theo my c:Sm=0,1(mm/vng)
Tc ct chn theo my c:nm=190(vng/pht)
Sau khi vt mp xong 1 u ta lt chi tit 1800 v vt mp u cn li
vi ch ct tng t bc trc.
Bng thng s khi vt mp:
N(v/ph)
S(mm/v)
Rz
Zb(mm)
0
Vt mp
0,5x45
190
0,1
20
45
Vt mp
2,5x450
190
0,1
20
80
Sau khi vt mp cc ming ca l ta p bc vo u nh ca l vi
trnh t:lm trn ming l u nh v lp bc ng vo chy p bi du
trn ln mt ngoi ca bc sau p bc vo u nh bin t kch
thc 2(mm) nh th hin nh hnh v di:

34

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59

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Gia cng l u:

-nh v:Chi tit c nh v bi phin t u to v u nh ca tay


bin hn ch 3 bc t do ,cht tr ngn nh v 2 bc t do l u nh
v cht trm nh v bc xoay ti l u to.
-Kp cht:kp cht chi tit c thc hin bng ai c v bc ch C
.Phng ca lc kp vung gc vi mt inh v v chiu hng vo mt
nh v.

Chn my:Dng my khoan va s dng bc vt mp trc

Chn dao:
-Dng mi khoan rut gi bng thp gi 5(mm)
-Dng mi khot vt 1200 12 thp gi.
Tra bng 7{1} ta c tui bn ca dao T=25(pht)

Lng d gia cng


Gia cng l 5(mm) vi lng d gia cng v mi pha zb=2,5(mm)
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60

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Vt mp l vi lng d gia cng 3x600

Ch ct:
Khoan l u 5
-Chiu su ct:t=2,5(mm)
-Lng chy dao chn theo my:Sm=0,36(mm/vng)
-V gia cng l u 5 khng cn chnh xc cao nn ta chn vn
tc quay ca trc chnh theo my l nm=950(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy=14,92(m/pht)
1000

Vt mp l u:
-Lng chy dao chn theo my:Sm=0,1(mm/vng)
-Chn vn tc quay ca trc chnh theo my l nm=190(vng/pht)
Bng thng s khi vt mp:
n(v/ph)
S(mm/v)
Zb(mm)
2,5
950
0,36
Khoan l
25
Vt mp
3x450
190
0,1
4.18/Nguyn cng 18:Phay rnh nh v
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht c thn v np theo b trn g phay
2.
Phay ln lt cc rnh trn thanh v np t kch thc
+0,1
5 0;70,1;10,36;2,75.
3.
Tho chi tit kim tra.

S g t c th hin nh trn hnh v:

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

2,75

30

n tt nghip

1,25

10,63

30

5 0+0,1
70,1

3
5 0+0,1

45

70,1

.1
0
51

-nh v :thn bin c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch 3


bc t do,cht tr ngn hn ch 2 bc t do ti l u nh v cht chng
xoay hn ch bc quay quanh l u l ti vu nh u chun.
Np bin cng c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch 3 bc t
do,hai cht tr kha nhm np bin ti hai mt ta bulong hn ch 2
bc t do.
-Kp cht:Dng m kp bulong ai c kp cht chi tit c phng
lc kp vung gc vi phin t v chiu ca lc kp hng vo mt
nh v.
Chn my: Phay rnh nh v bc trn thn v np bin dng my phay
ngang 6H82T.
Chn dao:Dng dao phay rnh then thp gi
Theo bng 7{1} ta c Dmax=90(mm),tui bn ca dao l T=70(pht)

Ch ct:
-Chiu su ct t=2,75(mm)

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-tra bng (5.163){3} vi D=30(mm),v chiu su ct 2,75(mm) ta c


lng chy dao S=0,080,05(mm/rng)
=>Chn Sz=0,05(mm/rng)
-Theo bng (5.163){3} vi D/z =30/10 v chiu rng B=5 (mm) v
lng chy dao Sz=0,05(mm/rng),ta c tc ct V=50(m/pht).
-Tc ct tnh ton l: Vt= Vb. K1.K2
Trong :theo bng (5.120){3}
K1:l h s ph thuc vo c tnh ca thp,K1=1,15
K2:l h s ph thuc vo chu k bn ca dao
T/Th=70/120=>K2=1,04
Vy Vt=50.1,15.1,12=64,4(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
Nt=1000.Vt=683,3(vng/phut)
.D
Chn theo my:nmy=750(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy =70,68(m/pht)
1000
Lng chy dao chn theo my Smy=375(mm/vng)
Cng sut ct Nc c tra theo bng (5.129){3} vi cc thng s xc
nh trn ta c:Nc=2,2(kw)<Nmy.=7.0,75=5,25(kw)
=>Vy my chn cng sut ct
Bng thng s
t(mm)
n(v/ph)
S(mm/v)
Cp
b
CX
Rz
Phay
2,75
750
375
3
20
4.19/Nguyn cng 19:Ngui v lp rp
Yu cu k thut:
1.
Chi tt np bin c lp chn vi tay bin
2.
Sau khi lp rp xit cht bulong.Lc xit bulong =8Kgm
Ni dung nguyn cng:

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

1.
Kp cht thn bin trn eto
2.
Lm sch bavia c thn v np
3.
Lp bc nh v thn v np s trn thn v np phi trng nhau
4.
Lp hai bulong bin,xit cht
5.
Tho v ly chi tit kim tra.
S g t c th hin nh trn hnh:

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64

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

n
S

w
W

2100,05

0
0, , 03 4
00
9

+0

510,1

35

,1

50
69,

4.20/Nguyn cng 20:Doa tinh ln 2 l nh ca tay bin


Yu cu k thut:
1.
khng song song ng tm 2 l 35 v 69,5 khng ln
hn 0,05/100
2.
cn, ovan ca cc l 35 khng ln hn 0,01
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht chi tit trn g doa.
2.
Doa l t kch thc 210 0,05;35+0,034+0,009
3.
Tho chi tit v kim tra

S g t c th hin nh hnh v di.

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65

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

n
S

w
W

2100,05

,0 34
09

1
+0,
0

510,1

3
5 0 0,0

9,5
6

-nh v: Tay bin c nh v mt y bng phin t hn ch 3 bc


t do,cht tr ngn hn ch 2 bc t do ti l u to v cht chng xoay
hn ch bc quay quanh l u to ti vu chun.
-Kp cht:Dng m kp bolong ai c kp cht chi tit c phng
lc kp vung gc vi phin t v chiu ca lc kp hng vo mt
nh v

Chn my:Chn my khoan ng 2A150 doa l nh 35

Chn dao:Dng mi doa thp gi 35mm

Lng d gia cng:


-Doa l 35(mm) vi lng d gia cng vG45 mt pha zb=0,5(mm)

Ch ct:
-Chiu su ct:t=0,25(mm)
-Tra bng (5.112){3} vi D=35(mm) v nhm chy dao III,ta c lng
chy dao S=0,1(mm/vng)

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66

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-Vi yu cu cp chnh xc 2 nhm b mt ca l Rz6,3 ta c tc


ct theo bng (5..11){3} v V=3(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
Nt=1000.Vt=27,3(vng/phut)
.D
Chn theo my:nmy=732(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt== .D.Nmy =3,518m/pht)
1000
Lng chy dao chn theo my Smy=0,96(mm/vng)
bng thng s
t(mm)
n(v/ph)
S(mm/v)
Cp

chnh xc
bng
Rz
Doa
0,25
32
0,96
2
6,3
l
35
4.21/Nguyn cng 21:Doa tinh ln 2 l ln ca tay bin
Yu cu k thut:
1.
khng song song ng tm 2 l 35 v 37 khng ln hn
0,03/100
2.
cn, ovan ca cc l 70 khng ln hn 0,01
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht chi tit trn g doa
2.
Doa l t cc kch thc 2100,05;70+0,0190;510,1
3.
Tho chi tit v kim tra

S g t c th hin nh hnh v:

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67

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

2100,05

69 +
,5 0 0,1

510,2

25
+0,0

0
39

-nh v:Thn bin c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch 3


bc t do,cht tr ngn hn ch 2 bc t do ti l u nh v cht chng
xoay hn ch bc quay quanh l u nh ti vu chun.
-Kp cht:Dng m kp bulong ai c kp cht chi tit c phng
lc kp vung gc vi phin t v chiu ca lc kp hng vo mt
nh v.

Chn my:Chn my doa ngang 2615

Chn dao:Dng mnh hp kim cng T15K6 gn trn trc dao


doa t l 70(mm)

Lng d gia cng:Doa l 70(mm) vi lng d gia cng v


mt pha zb=0,25(mm)

Ch ct:
-Chiu su ct:t=0,25(mm)
-Theo bng (5.116){3} vi vt liu thp cc bon ,ng knh doa
70(mm),ta c lng chy dao s=1,52,0(mm/vng)
-Tra bng (5.116){3} vi vt liu thp cc bon,ng knh doa
70(mm),vt liu ct T15K6 v nhm b mt Rz6,3 ta c tc ct
V=10(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Nt=1000.Vt=45,47(vng/phut)
.D
Chn theo my:nmy=47(vng/pht)
Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy =10,33(m/pht)
1000
Lng chy dao chn theo my Smy=1,68(mm/vng)
Bng thng s
t(mm)
n(v/ph)
S(mm/v)
Cp
chnh xc
Doa
l
70

0,25

47

1,68

bng
Rz
6,3

4.22/Nguyn cng 22:Phay phng mt u u nh


Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
nh v v kp cht chi tit ln g phay
2.
Phay chi tit t kch thc 20-0,13;340-0,25
3.
Tho v ly chi tit kim tra

S g t c th hin nh hnh v

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69

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-nh v:Chi tit c nh v trn thn g hn ch 3 bc t do mt


phng y ,cht tr ngn hn ch 2 bc t do u to v cht tr c
nh kha nhm hn ch bc quay quanh l u to. tng cng
vng cho chi tit ta dng cht t ph c mt t.
-Kp cht:Chi tit c kp cht nh lc kp ca bulong phng lc
kp vung gc vi mt nh v v chiu ca lc kp hng vo mt
nh v.

Chn my:Dng my phay ng 6H12.

Chn dao:Dng dao phay mt u c gn mt ct hp kim cng.


-Theo bng 7{1} ta c Dmax=300(mm),tui bn T=240(pht).
-Tra bng(4.95){2} ta chn:D=120(mm);B=(mm);d(H7)=40(mm);s
rng Z=6

Lng d gia cng: Ta c lng d gia cng v mt pha


zb=29mm)

Ch ct:Nguyn cng gm 2 bc:Phay mt mt sau lt


chi tit li phay tip mt kia cng vi ch ct.
-Chiu su ct:t=2(mm)
Tra bng (5.125){3} vi thp c b>600MPa,cng sut ca my N=10
Kw v mc hp kim cng T15k6,ta c lng chy dao rng
:Sz=0,1(mm/rng).
-Theo bng (5.125){3} vi D=120(mm) ,s rng Z=6,tui bn dao T
=180(pht),lng chay dao Sz=0,1(mm/rng) v chiu su ct t=2(mm)
ta c tc ct:Vb=320(m/pht)
-Tc ct tnh ton: Vt= Vb. K1.K2.K3.K4.K5.K6.
Tra bng (5.125){3} ta c:
K1:H s ph thuc vo c tnh ca thp K1=1,12
K2:H s ph thuc vo chu k bn ca dao T /TH=240/180=1,33,
K2=0,96
K3 :H s iu chnh ph thuc vo mc hp kim,K3=1,0.
K4 :H s ph thuc vo trng thi ca b mt gia cng,K4=0,9
K5 :H s iu chnh ph thuc vo chiu rng phay:B/D>0,8, K5=0,89
K6 :H s iu chnh ph thuc o gc nghing chnh =60-900,
K6=1,0
Vy Vt=320.1,12.0,96.1,0.0,9.0,89.1,0=275,59(m/pht)
=>S vng quay trc chnh tnh ton l:
Nt=1000.Vt=731,4(vng/phut)
.D
Chn theo my:nmy=750(vng/pht)
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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Vn tc ct thc t:Vtt= .D.Nmy =282,74 (m/pht)


1000
-Lng chy dao pht:Sp=Sn.nmy=0,1.6.750=450(mm/pht)
=>Chn theo my:Sm=450(mm/ph)
-Cng sut ct Nc:Theo bng (5.129){3} ta tra c cng sut ct
Nc=4(Kw)<Nmy.=10.0,75=7,5(Kw)
=> Vy my chn cng sut ct.
Bng thng s
t(mm)
n(v/ph)
S(mm/v)
Cp
bng
chnh
Rz
xc
Phay
2
750
475
3
40
4.23/Nguyn cng 23:iu chnh chnh xc trng lng ca tay
bin.
Yu cu k thut:
1.
Trng lng tay bin sau khi lp rp=1,861 Kg22g.
2.
Cho php tin 84 phay cc vu Q.S v B iu chnh trng
lng.
Ni dung nguyn cng:

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71

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

84

1.
thut.
2.
3.
4.
5.

t chi tit ln cn xc nh trng lng d so vi yu cu k


G chi tit ln trc g tin,tin bt kim loi u to.
G chi tit ln g phay,phay bt lng kim loi u nh.
Tho v ly chi tit.
Kim tra.

4.24/Nguyn cng 24:Sa ngui v lm sch tay bin.


Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
Da sch cc bavia cn li t nguyn cng trc.
2.
Lau chi tit bng gi sch,thi bng kh nn ly sch phi trong
l du v cc rnh.
4.25/Nguyn cng 25:Kim tra nghim thu.

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72

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

2100,05

3
5 + +0,0

0,0 34
09

019
+0,
-0

510,1

0
7

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73

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Yu cu k thut:
1.
khng song song ng tm 2 l 35 v 70 khng ln hn
003/100.
2.
cn, ovan ca cc l 35 v 70 khng ln hn 0,01.
3.
o mt mt u to so vi tm l 70 khng ln hn 0,1/100.
4.
Trng lng tng cng ca tay bin sau khi lp=186122g.
5.
Cc kch thc v cc YCKT cn li tham kho trn bn v chi
tit.
Ni dung nguyn cng:
1.
Cc YCKT kim tra 3%.
2.
ng knh hai l u to v u nh kim tra 100%.
3.
Cc kch thc cn li kim tra 5%.
Trang b cng ngh:
1.
ng h o l 18-50
2.
ng h o l 50-1/20
3.
Thc cp 250-1/20
4.
Cn trng lng 10kg
5.
ng h o cao
6.
B cn mu
Nguyn cng kim tra,sau khi gia cng cc b mt ca cc chi tit ta
phi kim tra cht lng sn phm theo yu cu k thut cho php ca
chi tit nh v kch thc + cht lng b mt + song song +
vung gc,Nu chi tit no t yu cu th vic gia cng hon
thnh, cn ngc li chng l ph phm. Tt hn ht sau mi nguyn
cng, ta nn c bc kim tra ngay sau nguyn cng ta c th loi
b c cc bc gia cng tip theo.Nu sai s khi gia cng l sai s h
thng th ta c th loi b gia cng chi tit khc t yu cu nh ta
cn.
Kim tra tay bin gm cc bc kim tra song song ca hai l,kim
tra vung gc ca mt u v tm l,kim tra song song gia cc
mt phng,kim tra kch thc l v cc kch thc khc.
Kim tra song song ca hai l tay bin.
Chi tit kim tra c g ln cht nh v,cht ny c g ln thn
g. Lng trc kim tra v l nh ca tay bin nh hnh v. Dng tay
quay tay bin cho n khi trc kim tra chm vo c t (quay tay bin
quanh cht nh v). Hiu s ca hai ng h o hai v tr I v II l
song song ca hai l bin.Mun o khong cch gia hai l ta o
khong cch gia cc cht nh v v trc kim tra ri tr i hoc cng
thm bn knh ca cht nh v v cht kim tra.
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74

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

vung gia mt u v l c kim tra bng ng h so khi ng


h so ny c g ln trc g mt vng. lch ca kim ng h so
chnh l khng vung gc cn o.

Kim tra khng song song ca hai mt phng.


Chi tit kim tra c t trn mt cn mu t trn bn mp.iu
chnh ng h so cho u o tip xc vi mt phng cn o v dch
ng h o theo mi tn(theo vng trn ca mt u). lch ca kim
ng h chnh l khng song song ca hai b mt.
Ni dung 6:Tnh ton lng d gia cng cho mt s b mt.
Nguyn cng gia cng l nh 39

Yu cu k thut.
-Vt liu gia cng :thp 45 c HB 195
- nhn bng b mt sau khi gia cng Rz=10,cp nhn bng V6
-Dung sai kch thc ca l =0,025(mm)
Vy m bo yu cu k thut ca l cn thc hin qua cc nguyn
cng sau:
1.
Khoan rng l 37
2.
Chut l 38
3.
Doa l 39

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75

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Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Tnh ton lng d:


B mt gia cng l mt trong i xng do ta s dng cng thc:
2Zmin=2(Rzi-1+Ti-1+
2i-1+2i
Trong : Rzi-1: Chiu cao nhp nh t vi do nguyn cng trc li.
Ti-1: Chiu cao lp khuyt tt do nguyn cng trc li.
i-1: Sai s v tr khng gian do nguyn cn trc li.
i:Sai s g t chi tit nguyn cng ang thc hin
Gi thit gd=0 => gd= 2c+2k

Khoan l 37:
L c my dp c cht lng b mt :Rzo=150 (mm);T0=200(m)
Tra bng (13.14){1} ta c cht lng b mt l sau gia cng:Cp nhn
bng 3.
Rzl=50 (m) ;T1=50 (m) ,0 = C20+(Uy.l)2

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Co

y.l

Tra bng 18 {1} ta c:


C0: x dch tm l C0=30(m)
U: lch tm l Uy=0,7(m)
l:Chiu di gia cng l=38,6(mm)

0= 302+0,7.38.62 =40,37(m)

1=0=40,37(m)
Tnh sai s g t:
gd2:gd= 2c+2k
Trong :c: sai s chun khi chi tit lch c=0;k sai s kp
Tra bng 24{1} vi vt liu thp,b mt nh v gia cng tinh v
chiu rng 84(mm) ta c:
k=80(m) => gd2= 802+02 =80(m)
Lng d trung gian khoan rng :2Z2min=2(Rz0+T0+ 20+21 )
2Z2min=2(150+200 + 40,372+802 =878(m)

Chut l 38
Tra bng (13){1} ta c:Cht lng b mt sau khi chut l:Rz2=20(m)
T2=40(m);2=K.1=0,05.40,37=2,0185(m)
Tnh sai s g t: gd2 : gd2= gd1=80(m)
Lng d trung gian chut sau khoan:
2Z2min=2(Rz1+T1+ 20+21)
2Z2min=2(50+50+ 40,372+802 )=380(m)

Doa l 39
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Tra bng (13){1} ta c cht lng b mt sau doa l :


Rz3=10(m);T3=25(m);3==0,8074(m)
Sai s g t: gd3 : gd3= gd1=80(m)
Tnh lng d doa sau khi khot:
2Z3min=2(Rz2+T2+ 22+23 )
2Z3min=2(20+40+ 2.01852+802 )=280(m)

Tnh ton:
-Dung sai kch thc:
Doa :doa=25(m)
Khot:khot=50(m)
Khoan:khoan=390(m)
-Kch thc tnh ton:
dchut=ddoamax-2Z3min=39,025-0,025=39(mm)
dkhoan=dchut-2Z2min=38,745-0,380=38,65(mm)
ddl =dkhoan-2Z1min=38,365-0,878=37,478(mm)
-Kch thc gii hn:
Sau doa:dmax=39,025(mm)
dmin=dmax-doa=39,025-0,025=39(mm)
Sau chut: dmax=38,75(mm)
dmin=dmax-khot=38,75-0,050=38,7(mm)
Sau khoan: dmax=38,40(mm)
dmin=dmax-khoan=38,40-0,39=38,01(mm)
-Lng d gii hn:
Doa : 2Zmin=39,025-38,75=0,275(mm)=275(m)
2Zmax=39-38,70=0,30(mm)=300(m)
Chut:2Zmin=38,75-37,40=0,35(mm)=350(m)
2Zmax=38,7-37,01=0,69(mm)=690(m)
-Lng d tng cng:
2Z0min=275+300=575(m)
2Z0max=350+690=1040(m)
Kim tra kt qu sau khi tnh ton:
-Sau doa:2Zmax-2Zmin=300-275=25(m)
chut-doa=50-25=25(m)
-Sau chut: 2Zmax-2Zmin=690-350=340(m)
chut-doa=390-50=340(m)

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Nguyn cng gia cng mt ghp:


Yu cu k thut:
1.
Tho 45 c cng HB 195
2.
nhn bng b mt sau gia cng Rz=6,3 ,cp nhn bng V7
3.
Dung sai kch thc =0,07(mm)
Vy m bo yu cu k thut ca mt phng ghp quy tnh cng
ngh gm 2 nguyn cng sau:
=>Phay thng mt ghp
=>Mi tinh mt ghp
Thn bin c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch 3 bc t
do,cht tr ngn hn ch 2 bc t do ti l u nh v cht choonhs
xoay hn ch bc quay quanh l ti vu chun.
Np bin cng c nh v mt y bng phin dn hn ch 3 bc t
do,hai cht tr nhm np bin ti 2 mt phng ta bulong hn ch 2
bc t do.
Cng thc xc nh lng d gia cng;
2Zmin=Rzi-1+Ti-1+i-1+i
Trong : Rzi-1:Chiu cao nhp nh t vi do nguyn cng trc li
Ti-1 : Chiu cao lp khuyt tt do nguyn cng trc li
i-1:Sai s v tr khng gian do nguyn cng trc li
i:Sai s g t chi tit nguyn cng ang thc hin
G thit gd=0 => gd= 2c+2k
Theo bng (10){1} ta c cht lng b mt ca phi khi dp :cp
1,Rz0=150(m),T0=200(m)
Tra bng (12){1} ta c cht lng b mt sau phay :cp chnh xc 34;Rz1=5(m);T1=15(m)

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0,01
0,01 A

.1
0
51

+0,1
149 -0,05

1,25

45

3
21
0
0,0
5

A
w

Sai lch khng gian c xc nh tng cng theo cng thc:


phi= c+ cm
Trong : cm=c.c=Uk.l
cm: x dch ca phi,tra bng (17){1} ta c cm=350(m)
Uk: cong gii hn ca phi trn 1 mm chiu di c
Uk=0,4(m/mm)
L: chiu di gia cng l=110(m)
=>phi=0,4.110+350=394(m)
=>1=k.phi=0,06.394=23,64(m)
=>2= k.phi=0,02.394=7,88(m)
Tnh sai s g t: gd1= 2c+2k
Trong :c:sai s chun khi chi tit lch c=0;k:sai s kp
Tra bng (24){1} ta c:
k=80(m)=> : gd1= 802+02 =80(m)
Tng t ta cng c:gd=80(m)
Lng d phay phng mt ghp:
Z1min=Rz0+T0+0+ 1=150+200+394+80=824(m)
Lng d mi phng mt ghp:
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Z2min=Rz1+ T1+1+ 2=50+50+23,64+80=203,64(m)

Tnh ton:
-Dung sai kch thc:
Mi :mi=70(m)
Phay :phay=200(m)
-Kch thc tnh ton:
lphay=lmimin+Z2min=148,455+0,204=148,659(mm)
lbanu=lphaymin+Z1min=148,659+0,824=149,483(mm)
-Kch thc gii hn:
Sau mi:lmin=148,455(mm)
lmax=lmin+mi=148,455+0,07=148,525(mm)
Sau phay: lmin=148,65(mm)
lmax=lmin+phay=148,65+0,2=148,85(mm)
Phi
: lmin=149,48(mm)
lmax=lmin+phay=149,48+0,35=149,83(mm)
-Lng d gii hn:
Mi :
Zmax=148,85-148,525=0,325(mm)=325(m)
Zmin=148,65-148,55=0,195(mm)=195(m)
Phay :
Zmin=149,48-148,65=0,83(mm)
Zmax=149,83-148,85=0,98(mm)=980(m)
-lng d tng cng:
Zomin=195+830=1025(m)
Z0max=325+980=1305(m)
Ni dung 7:Tnh ch ct cho mt s nguyn cng(khoan l
37,chut l 38 ,doa l 39,phay phng mt ghp ca tay bin).
7.1.Nguyn cng khoan l rng 37.
-Chiu su ct:t=1,5(mm)
-Lng chy dao:S
Tra bng (5.25){3} vi 37(mm),HB=195 ta c lng chy dao
S=0,480,58(mm/vng)
-Tc ct:V(m/pht)
Cv.Dq
Vt=T .tx.Sy .Kv
m
Theo bng (5.29){3} vi vt liu gia cng l thp cacbon v vt liu
mi khot l thp gi P6M5 ta c h s Cv=16,2,v cc s
m:q=0,4;x=0,2;y=0,5;m=0,2
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Theo bng (5.30)vi vt liu gia cng l thp cacbon,vt liu dng c
ct l thp gi v ng knh mi khoan d=37(mm) ta c chu k bn
T=70(pht)
H s iu chnh chung cho tc ct tnh n cc iu kin ct thc
t:KV=KMV.KUV.KLV
Trong :
KMV:H s ph thuc vo vt liu gia cng
Theo bng (5.3){3} vi vt liu gia cng thp 45=>KMV=1,06
KUV:H s ph thuc vo vt liu ct
Theo bng (5.6){3} vi vt liu gia cng thp 45 v vt liu mi khoan
thp gi P6M5,ta c KUV=1,0
Vy KV:1,06.1,0.1,0=1,06
Thay cc s liu vo cng thc tnh vn tc ta c:
16,2.370,4
=24,16(m/phut)
Vt= 0,2
70 .1,50,2.0,50,5
S vng quay trc chnh :nt= 1000.Vt =208(vng/pht)
.D
Chn vng quay theo my:nmy=240(vng/pht)
Chn lng chy dao theo my:Sm=0,4(mm/vng)
-Lc ct dc trc Pc
Theo cng thc:Pc=10.Cp.tx.Dq.Sy.Kp
Theo bng (5.32){3} vi vt liu gia cng thp C45 B<750Mpa v vt
liu li ct thp gi ta c:Cp=67 v s m :q=0;x=1,2;y=0,65
H s ph thuc vt liu gia cng:Kp
Theo bng (5.9){3} ta c cng thc Kp=( b )n =0,93
750
Thay s vo lc ct cng thc ta c:
Pc=10.67.1,51,2.370.0,40,65.0,93=559(N)
Momen xon :Mx
Mx=10.CM.tx.Dq.Sy.Kp
Theo bng (5.32){3} ta c:CM=0,09 v s m q=1,0;x=0,9;y=0,8
Thnh phn tnh lc ta c Kp=0,93=21,43(Nm)
Mx.n
Cng sut ct :Nc c xc nh theo cng thc :Nc=9750
Trong :Mx=21,43 (Nm) v n=240(vng/pht)
21,43.240
=0,53(kw)
=>Nc=
950

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7.2 Nguyn cng chut 37


Cc phn t ct.
-Cc phn t ct khi chut l:chu vi ct B-tng cng chiu di ct ln
nht ca tt c cc rng ng thi lm vic (mm);lng chy dao cho
mt rng Sz(mm) v tc ct V(m/pht)
-Chu vi ct
Chu vi ct ph thuc vo hnh dng,kch thc b mt gia cng v s
ct,c xc nh bng phng trnh B=B.Z1/Z0
Trong :B chu vi ct (mm),va bng chiu di ca ng vin gia
cng trn phi
B=.d=3,14.38=119,32(mm)
Z0:s rng trong on giao chut khi theo s ct profin c Z0=1
Z1:s rng ln nht ng thi ct c xc nh thoe biu thc Z1=1/t
L:chiu di b mt gia cng l=38,6(mm);t bc rng dao t=6(mm)
=>s rng ln nht ng thi c ct Z1=38,6/6=6,43=>Z1=6
Vy chu vi ct B=119,32.6/1=725,92(mm)
Lng d chy dao Sz:lng chy dao khi chut Szl chnh lch
kch thc gia cc rng dao lin k nhau chnh l yu t to nn
dao chut.Ta chn lng chy dao Sz=0,1(mm)
Tc cawstV:c xc nh theo yu cu ca chnh xc gia cng
v nhm b mt .Theo bng (5.53){3} v (5.52){3}ta c nhm tc
ct khi chut thp l II v tc ct V i vi dao chut bng thp
gi l V=7(m/pht)
N
Tc ct cho php ca ng c my chut l Vm=61200.
Pz
.(m/pht)
Trong : N-Cng sut ng c ,y N=30(kw)
-hiu sut ct =0,8
Pz-lc ct kh ca my Pz=200(kN)
30
=>Vm=61200.
.0,8=7,344(m/pht)
20000
Tc ct c chn l V=7(m/pht)
-Lc ct Pz(N)
Khi
chut
lc
ct
c
xc
nh
theo
cng
thc:Pz=P.B=71.715,92=50830(N)
7.3/Nguyn cng doa l.
Chiu su ct:t=0,5(mm)

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Lng chy dao:tra bng (5.27){3} vi D=39(mm),vt liu gia cng l


thp ta c lng chy dao S=1,4(mm/vng)
Cv.Dq
Tc ct V(m/pht),Vt=T .S .tx .Kv
m y
Theo bng (5.29){3} vi vt liu gia cng l thp cacbon ,vt liu mi
khot l thp gi P6M5 ta c Cv=10,5;q=0,3;x=0,2;y=0,65;m=0,4.
Theo bng (5.30){3} vi vt liu gia cng l thp cacbon ,vt liu dng
c ct l thp gi v ng knh mi khoan D=39(mm),ta c chu k bn
T=80(pht)
H s iu chnh chung cho tc ct tnh n cc iu kin ct thc
t:
KV=KMV.KUV.KLV
Trong : KMV:H s ph thuc vo vt liu gia cng
Theo bng (5.3){3} vi vt liu gia cng thp 45=>KMV=1,06
KUV:H s ph thuc vo vt liu ct
Theo bng (5.6){3} vi vt liu gia cng thp 45 v vt liu mi khoan
thp gi P6M5,ta c KUV=1,0
KLV-H s ph thuc vo chiu su khoan .Theo bng (5.31){3} vi
chiu su l khoan L<3.D ta c KLV=1,0
Vy KV=1,06.1,0.1,0=1,06
Thay vao s cng thc ta c:
10,5.390,3
Kv=
.1,06 =5,78 (m/pht)
800,4.1,240,65.0,50,2
S vng quay trc chnh:nt= 1000.Vt =47,2(vng/pht)
.D
Chn s vng quay theo my:nm=47(vng/pht)
Chn luongj dao theo my:Sm=1,24(mm/vng)
-Momen xon Mx khi dao c tnh theo cng thc sau ,vi
Cp=300;x=1,0;y=0,75(5.23),ta c:
C .t .Sy.D.Z
M x= p x z
= 34,37
2.100
7.4/Nguyn cng phay thng mt ghp.
-Chiu su ct :t=2,5 mm
-Chiu rng phay :B=38,6 mm
-Lng chy dao :S
Lng chy dao rng :Sz theo bng (5.33) vi cng sut N=10 kw ,gia
cng thp v dao T16K5 c Sz=0,090,18(mm/rng)
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-Tc ct V c xc nh theo cng thc:


q
v.D
V= m C
.kv
T .tx.Sz.Bu.Zp
Trong :
Cv,x,y,m,u,q v p-h s m trong bng 5-39
Vi t=2,5 mm;Sz=0,1 mm/rng ,ta tra c Cv=322; q=0,2; x=0,1;
y=0,4; u=0,2; p=0;m=0,2
T chu k bn ca dao.Tra bng (5.40) ta c T=180(pht)
Kv-H s iu chnh chung cho tc ct ph thuc vo cc iu kin
ct c th:KV=KMV.KNV.KUV
Trong :KMV h s ph thuc vo cht lng ca vt liu gia cng
c tra trong bng (5.1){3}.
C KMV=Kn
kuv-h s ph thuc vo trng thi b mt ca phi.Theo bng (5-5){3}
ta c vi thp dp khng c v cng ta c knv=1,0
kuv-h s ph thuc vo vt liu ca dng c ct
Theo bng (5-6){3} ta c kuv 1,0
=>kv=1,07.1,0.1,0=1,07
Thay cc v tr va tra c vo cng thc V ta c:
322.800,2
V=
.1,07=323,3(m/pht)
1800,2.2,50,1.0,10,4.38,60,2.50
S vng quay trc chnh :
nt= 1000.Vt =1286(vng/pht)
.D
Chn s vng quay theo my:nm=1180(vng/pht)
Lng chy dao S=Sz.Z.nm=0,1.5.1180=590(mm/pht)
Chn lng chy dao theo my:Sm=600(mm/pht)
-Tnh lc ct Pz(N)L:
Lc ct Pz c tnh theo cng thc:
10.Cp.tx.Syx.Bn.Z
P z=
.kMV
Dq.nw
Trong :
Z :s rng dao phay ,Z=5(rng)
n:s vng quay ca dao ,n=1180(vng/pht)
Cp=825;x=10;y=0,75;u=1,1;q=1,3;=0,2
KMP:h s iu chnh cho cht lng ca vt liu gia cng tra trong
bng (5-9){3} ta c
Thay s ta tnh c tr s ca lc ct:

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

10.825.2,51,0.0,10,75.38,60,3.5
P z=
.0,98=0,22 (N)
801,3.11800,2
Momen xon Mxtrn trc chnh ca my:
Pz.D
45.80
M x=
=
=1,8(Nm)
2.1000 2.1000
Pz.D
Cng sut ct Nc=
=0,22(Nm)
1020.60
Ni dung 8:Tnh thi gian nguyn cng.
Vi dng sn xut hng lot ln thi gian nguyn cng c xc nh
theo cng thc:
Ttc=T0+Tp+Tpv+Tm
Trong :
Ttc:thi gian tng chic(thi gian nguyn cng)
T0:thi gian c bn thi gian cn thit bin i trc tip hnh dng
,kch thc v tnh cht c l ca chi tit,thi gian ny c th thc hin
bng my hoc bng tay trong tng trng hp gia cng c th .
Tp:thi gian ph(thi gian cn thit ngi cng nhn gii quyt tho
chi tit m my ,chn ch ct,dch chuyn dao vo bn my,kim
tra kch thc chi tit)Ta c:
Tp=10%T0
Tpv:thi gian phc v ch lm vic gm:thi gian ph k thut thay
i dng c ,sa mi dao,iu chnh my,iu chnh dng c
TPVKT=8%T0);thi gian phc v t chc tra du cho my ,thu dn
ch lm vic,bn dao ca kp (TPVTC=3%T0)
Tm:thi gian ngh ngi t nhin ca cng nhn Tm=5%T0
8.1/Thi gian c bn c xc nh theo cng thc sau:
L+L1+L2
T0= S.n (pht)
Trong :L :l b mt gia cng(mm)
L1:chiu di n dao(mm)
L2:chiu di thot ao(mm)
S:sn lng chy dao vng(mm/vng)
N:s vng quay hoc hnh tnh kp trong pht
Tnh c th thi gian c bn T0 cho tng nguyn cng:

Nguyn cng 1:Phay thng 2 mt thn bin


L+L1+L2
-S ct:T01=2. S.n
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Trong :L1= t.Ddao-t2 + (0,53)(mm)


Vi t=1,85(mm);Ddao=120(mm)
=>L1=15(mm)
L2=(25)mm=>L2=4(mm)
L=230(mm)
S.n=475(mm/pht)

L2

L2
L
230+15+4
=1,05 (pht)
475

Nguyn cng 2:Phay hai mt nm bin T02=1 pht

Nguyn cng 3:Mi phng hai mt thn bin T03=4 pht

Nguyn cng 4:Mi 2 mt np bin T04=4 pht

Nguyn cng 5:Khoan l 37:


L+L1+L2
S khoan:T05= S.n
d
Trong :L1=2 .cotg +(0,5)(mm)
Vi d=37(mm),=600=>L1=12(mm)
L2(13)(mm)=>L2=2(mm)
L=38,6(mm);Sn=0,4.240=96(mm/pht)
38.6+12+2
=>T051=
=0,55(pht)
96
=>T01=2.

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

L+L1
S vn mp :T02=2. S.n
Trong :L1=2(mm);L=1,5(mm)
S.n=0,4.240=96(mm/pht)
1.5+2
=>T02=2. 96 =0,073(pht)

Nguyn cng 6:Chut l 37

L2

L1

Chiu di dao chut L=300(mm) ,tc chut V=7(m/pht)


=>T06=0,3/7=0,043(pht)

Nguyn cng 7:phay chun


Chiu di ct L=30(mm),tc ct S=6009mm/pht)
=>T07=30/600=0,05(pht)

Nguyn cng 8:phay mt ghp


Chiu di ct L=30(mm),tc ct S=600(mm/pht)
=>T08=30/600=0,5(pht)

Nguyn cng 9:khoan doa l nh v:


40
20
20
4
40
20
T09=2.(
+
+
+
+
+
+
0,12.1400
0,4.500 0,62.185 0,12.32 0,19.735 0,4.500
20
)+1=5,23
0,62.185

Nguyn cng 10:kha mt ta bulong T010=1(pht)

Nguyn cng 11:mi phng mt ghp T011=2(pht)


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Nguyn cng 12:tin l u to


L+L1+L2
T012= S.n

ct
Chiu
di
ct
L=38,6(mm),L1=40(mm),tc
S=0,556.164=92(mm/pht)
38.6+4
=>T012= 92 =0,47(pht)

Nguyn cng 13: Mi phng T013=2(pht)

Nguyn cng 14:Doa 2 l


L+L1+L2
T014= S.n
L =38(mm),L1=10(mm)=>L2=2(mm)
S.n=1,24.47=58,28(mm/pht)=>T014=50/58,28=0,85(pht)

Nguyn cng 15:vt mp ,p bc v khoan l u:T015=3(pht)

Nguyn cng 16:Phay rnh nh v T016=0,5(pht)

Nguyn cng 17:Doa tinh l


L+L1+L2
T017= S.n ;trong :L=38(mm);L1=10(mm)=>L2=2(mm)
S.n=1,24.47=43,24(mm/pht)
=>T017=50/43,23=1,16(pht0

Nguyn cng 18:phay u nh T018=0,5(pht)


Thi gian cho sa ngui v kim tra trng lng:T019=5(pht)
Thi gian c bn:
T0=19
1 Toi
=05+1,0+4+4+0,623+0,045+0,05+0,5+5,23+1+2+0,47+2+0,47+2+0,8
6+3+0,5+1,16+0,5+10=38 (pht)
=>T0=38(pht)
Tp-thi gian ph=>Tp10%T0=0,1.38=3,8(pht)
Tpv-thi gian phc v ch lm vic
Tpv=Tpvkt+Tpvtc=8%T0+3%T0=0,08.38+0,03.38=4,18(pht)
Ttn-thi gian ngh ngi t nhin ca cng nhn:
=>Ttn=5%T0=0,05.38=1,9(pht)
8.2/Thi gian tng chic.
Ttc=38+3,8+4,18+1,9=48(pht)

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Ni dung 9:Xc nh s lng my


9.1/Xc nh nhp sn xut.
xc nh s lng my ta cn xc nh nhp sn xut tb.Nhp sn
xut c xc nh theocng thc sau y:
F.60
Ttb= N
Trong :N Sn lng chi tit ,N=13200(chic/nm)
F _S thi gian lm vic ca my trong 1 nm tnh theo h v c tnh
nh sau;
S ngy trong nm:365
S ngy ch nht:52
S ngy ngh tt:8
Nh vy s ngy lm vic l:365-52-8=305(ngy)
Mi ngy lm vic hai ca,mi ca 8h.vy tng s h lm vic trong nm
l:
F =305.2.8=4880(gi)
4880.60
=>tb= 13200 =22,2(pht/chic)
9.2/Xc nh cc h s.
a.H s chu ti ca my c xc nh theo cng thc
Ttc 48
m= t =22.2 =2,16(chic)
b
b.H s chu ti ca my c xc nh theo cng thc:
T0 38
0=T =48 =0,79
tc
c.H s s dng my theo cng sut c xc nh theo cng thc
N0 5
N=N =7 =0,71
m
Ni dung 10:Tnh ton v thit k g.
(Nguyn cng khoan 37,doa tinh hai l v phay mt ghp)
10.1/Nguyn cng khoan 37.
10.1.1/Phn tch s g t phi,yu cu cng ngh v chn c cu
nh v
a/Phn tch s g t phi,yu cu k thut ca nguyn cng.

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Yu cu khoan l 37 u nh ca tay bin nhn bng sau gia cng


l Rz=40(m)
gia cng c l 37 ta s dng my khoan ng 2A150 vi yu
cu m bo vung gc vi ng tm l v mt u A c gia
cng nguyn cng trc.
Chi tit c lm bng thp C45 c gia cng ln my khoan ng
ln chi tit c t trn g v lp ln bn my thng qua rnh ch
T.
Ta chn mt A lm mt chun nh v .V mt A c gia cng
nguyn cng trc nn ta chn chun tinh lm chun do ta chn c
cu nh v l phin t hn ch 3 bc t do cng vi 2 cht hay khi ch
V hn ch 2 bc t do ti u nh v cht chng xoay ti u vu
chun.
Kp cht chi tit c thc hin bng bulong thanh kp c phng
vung gc vi mt nh v v chiu hng t trn xung di.
Mi khoan dn hng nh cc c cu dn hng trn g,chuyn
ng ct l chuyn ng xoay trn ca dng c ct kt hp vi chuyn
ng tnh tin thng ng t trn xung di ca dng c ct.
C th cc kch thc, chnh xc v nhm b mt gia cng v b
mt gia cng c th hin nh hnh v.
b/Cc c cu nh v:
-Phin t:
Mt A c gia cng tinh c kch thc nh trn hnh v l mt trn
c bn knh R=25mm .Ta s dng mt phin t c phn trn l mt
phng nghing dng trn c bn knh R=28(mm) v mt phin t na
u to nh v 3 bc t do ca chi tit.Phin t ny c lp trn thn
g bng thn tr ca chnh n c bn knh 24(mm) chiu cao phn
lp vi thn g h=22(mm) vi kiu lp ghp H7/js6.
Phn tr ny cng chnh l phn nh v ca phin vi thn g.S
dng phin t n gin ,d ch to v c cng vng tt v d dng
cho vic qut dn.Phin t c lm bng thp 20X ,c thm than v
sau nhit luyn t cng HRC =5060 vi chiu su lp thm l
0,50,8(mm).
Phin t c hnh dng v kch thc nh trong hnh v.
-Bc dn hng.
Khi gia cng trn my khoan cng vng ca dng c ct khng m
bo ,v vy ngi ta phi dng cc c cu dn hng.
Bc dn hng c lp trn bc cn nh tm,n c tc dng dn
hng mi khoan,khot v mi doa.
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Kt cu ca bc dn hng nh hnh v.
-Ngoi ra cn c cc cht nh v.
10.1.2/Ch ct khi gia cng v phn tch lc ct,momen ct.
a/Ch ct khi gia cng theo phn (theo phn 6,ta tnh ch ct
khi khoan.)
b/Phn tch lc ct,momen khi ct khoan.
-Dao khoan c th coi nh s ghp li ca 2 dao tin ,kt cu mi
khoan nh sau:
1.
Hai li ct chnh i xng hp thnh 2 gc nh 2.
2.
Mt li ct ngang nghing 1 gc .
3.
Hai li ct ph.
4.
Hai rnh thot phoi xon c dng mt xon congvoluuyt.
Hai mt sau c th l cn,hoc xon vt hoc mt phng i vi
5.
mi khoan bng thp gi.
Khi khoan trn mi li ct,lc ct c th phn tch thnh 3 h thng
lc vung gc vi nhau.Ti mt im trn li ct chnh lc ct c
chia lm 3 phn.
Px:Lc chiu trc song song vi tc mi khoan.
Py:Lc hng knh i qua trc mi khoan.
Pz:Lc vng,to nn momen ct chnh tip tuyn vi ng trn ti
im c lc tc dng.
-Ti li ct ngang,lc ct cng c 3 thnh phn tng t nh vy,song
ngoi Pxnl lc chiu trc do li ct ngang gy ra th nh hng ca
cc lc khc trn li ct ny tong qu trnh khoan l khng cn quan
tm v tr s qu nh.Cc li ct ny trong qu trnh to phoi khng c
ngha quan trng.V trn cnh vin ca mi khoan c gc sau ph =0
nn gia cnh vin v thnh mi khoan c ma st.Thnh phn lc tip
tuyn trn hnh v k hiu l Pz.Tng hnh chiu ca cc lc trn tc X
tng vi mi khoan chnh l lc chiu trc khi quay ,k hiu l P0.
C th vit;X=2.Px+2.Pxn=P0
C 2.Pxchim khong 40% lc P0
C 2Pxnchim khong 57% lc P0
Lc chiu trc trn li ct ph chim 3% lc P0
Lc chiu trc P0 chng li chuyn ng chy dao.Lc ny c dng
tnh c cu chy dao ca my khoan.
Lc hng knh Py tc dng ln hai li ct chnh.Trong trng hp
hai li ct chnh i xng qua tm Pyc tr s bng nhau v ngc
chiu nhau nn chng trit tiu ln nhau.Tuy nhin do khi mi mi
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

khoan khng chnh xc (gc nghing chnh khng trng nht,chiu di


li ct chnh khc nhau) nn lc Py s khc nhau,v vy xut hin hp
lc UPy.nh hng ca UPy lm ph v mi khoan(lm tng
ng knh l so vi ng knh mi khoan).
Lc Pz l lc tip tuyn gy ra momen ct chnh Mc chng li Mxdo
ng c gy ra.Thc nghim cho thy c 80% momen do lc tip tuyn
tc dng ln li ct chnh ,12% momen l do lc tip tuyn trn li
ct ph ,cn 8% l do lc tip tuyn trn li ct ngang.
Tng momen ca lc tc dng i vi trc X:
Mc=2.Pz.R/2 +2.Pzf.R =Pz.R+Pzf.R
Vi Pxf:lc ct gy ra bi li ct ph.
R:bn knh mi khoan.
Momen xon Mx l lc chiu trc P0 c tnh theo cng thc:
Mx=10.CM.Dq.Sy.kp
P0=10.Cp. Dq.Sy.kp
(Tnh momen xon v lc ct c trnh by mc 6)
10.1.3/Vit phng trnh tnh lc kp.
-Phng ca lc kp:
+Phng :phng ca lc kp thng gc vi mt chun nh v chnh
c din tch tip xa ln nht,gim p sut lc kp gy ra trnh
bin dng.
+Chiu:chiu ca lc kp hng t trn xung mt chun nh v ,c
cu kp c th nh gn hn.
+im dt ca lc kp c chn ti v tr sao cho cng vng ca
phi v g ln nht phi t b bin dng khi kp cht cng nh khi
gia cng.Trong g chuyn dng ny ta s dng phng php kp
cht bng thanh kp bulong ri nn im t ca lc kp nm cch tm
ca l gia cng 96 mm.
-Tr s ca lc kp :tr s ca lc kp phi trn g phi m bo sao
cho phi cn bng,n nh khng v x lch trong sut qu trnh gia
cng di tc dng ca ngoi lc ,trong ch yu l lc ct ,momen
xon,trng lng ca bn thn phi v cc lc loi hai sinh ra trong qu
trnh gia cng ngha l c th xc nh c lc kp gn ng bng
cch gii bi ton cn bng tnh ty theo s g t c th vi quan
h:
P=0 =>WM=(k,Mc,f)
Trong : W:lc kp cht phi cn thit

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

F:h s ma st gia mt chun nh v v mt lm vic ca nh v


,thng ly f=0,1
Mc:momen ct
Pc:lc ct
k:h s xt n yu cu m bo khi gia cng.
Trong qu trnh gia cng l bng phng php khoan,chi tit chu tc
dng ca momen xon Mxv lc hng trc P0.Lc chy dao avf lc
kp cht tc dng theo cng mt chiu to iu kin thun li cho tng
chi tit.
Di tc dng ca momen xon Mx(do lc ct gy ra) chi tit gia cng
c xu hng b xoay xung quanh tm.Momen ma st c lc hng trc
P0 v lc kp W gy ra c xu hng chng li momen xon.Do chi tit
c nh v bng mt phng v kp cht bng m kp v vy trong
phng trnh cn bng khng c thnh phn lc hng trc.
Mx.K=Q.f.a (1)
Vi Mx: momen xon trn mi khoan ,Mx=21430(N.mm)
K:h s an ton
a:khong cch t tm mi khoan ti m kp,a=96(mm)
f:h s ma st(j=0,2)
H s an ton K trong tng iu kin gia cng c th c xc nh
nh sau:
K=K0.(K1.K2.K3.K4.K5.K6)
Trong :K0:h s an ton trong tt c cc trng hp gia cng
(K0=1,5)
K1:h s lm tng lc ct khi lng d gia cng v nhm b mt
khng ng u ,y l nguyn cng gia cng th nn ta c K1=1,2.
K2:h s lm tng lc ct khi dao b mn,ly K2=1,4
K3:h s gia cng lc ct khi gia cng gin on ,b qua
K4:h s tnh n sai s ca c cu kp cht,v kp cht bng tay nn
K4=1,3
K5:h s tnh n mc thun li ca c cu kp bng tay,kp thun
li nn c K5=1
K6:h s tnh n momen lm quay chi tit,nh v trn cc cht t
K6=1
Thay cc tr s ny vo cng thc tnh K ta c:
K=1,5.1,2.1,4.1,1.1,3=3,276
T phng trnh trn ta suy ra cng thc tnh lc kp nh sau:
Mx.K
Q = f.a =3656,5(N)
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-Chn c cu kp cht l bulong thanh kp ri,kp cht bng bulong


thanh ko ri c dng rng ri trong sn xut hng lot ln khi gia
cng chi tit dng cng,h ng lot nh v n chic.u im lc kp
ln vi c cu ny,cng nhn s thao tc nhanh gn ,d dng an ton v
t nng sut cao.
10.1.4/Xc nh sai s ch to ca g
Theo cng thc (2.2) (sch G Gia Cng C) ta c:

[ct]= 2gd-2m-2dc-2c = 1002-0,182-102 =99,5


Trong cng thc trn th ta phi tnh sai s ch to g ct,tuy nhin
do cha bit sai s g t g nn tnh c sai s ch to g
ctphi chn sai s g t.Sai s g t c chn trc c coi l sai
s g t cho php v n c k hiu l [g].Sai s ny c tnh nh
sau:
1 1
[g]=(3 5 )
Trong : :dung sai kch thc nguyn cng m ta thit k g.
Ta c: =0,39mm=390m=>[g]=130 78m
Cc thnh phn trong cng thc 2 c xc nh nh sau:
c:sai s chun,v chi tit c nh v trn phin t v cc cht t,gc
kch thc trng vi chun nh v nn ta c c=0.
k:sai s kp cht sinh ra do lc kp cht ca g v c xc nh
theo cng thc:
k=(mmax-ymin).cos
Vi Ymax,Ymin:Lng chuyn v max v min ca chun gc kch thc
khi lc kp gy ra,v : gc to bi phng thc hin kch thc v
phng lc kp ta c =900 nn sai s kp cht k=0.
m:sai s mn ca g c xc nh theo cng thc:
m=.
vi =0,18:H s ph thuc vo c cu nh v v iu kin tip xc.
N: s lng chi tit c g t trn g.
=> m=. =0,18. =0,18m
dc: sai s iu chnh g phu thuc vo kh nng ca ngi lp rp
g chnh.Khi thit k g c th ly dc=10 m.
Nh vy chi cn li mt n s phi tm l sai s ch to g ct..
t yu cu ca g thay cho ct ta c khi nim sai s ch to cho
php k hiu l [ct].
[ct]= 2gd-2m-2dc-2c = 1002-0,182-102 =99,5

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

10.1.5/Nhng yu cu k thut ca g:
1.
Yu cu i vi thn g:
Tt c thn g v g phi c kh sut d.
2.
Kim tra g
-Phi kim tra tt c cc kch thc chun
-Kim tra ch lp ghp ca cc chi tit
-Kim tra cng vng ca g.
3.
Sn g:
-sau khi g c kim tra tt c cc b mt gia cng cn phai c
sn du.Mu sn c th ty ,lp sn phi kh.
-Cc chi tit nh chi tit kha ,bulong,ai c c nhum ly mu bng
phng php ha hc.
4.
Nhng yu cu an ton v g:
-Nhng chi tit ngoi khng c c cnh sc
-Khng c lm x dch v tr ca g khi thay i iu chnh trn
my
- g cn c cn bng tnh v cn bng ng.
-Kt cu ca g thun tin cho vic qut dn phi v dung dch trn
ngui trong qu trnh gia cng.
-Khi lp chi tit trn g cn phi c dng c chuyn dng.
10.1.6/Nguyn l lm vic ca g.
g khoan l u nh ca chi tit tay bin D165.
Chi tit gia cng c nh v trn cc phin t phng. nh tm ta
dng cc cht t v kp cht chi tit ta dng bulong thanh kp.Nh vy
chi tit gia cng c nh v 6 bc t do(hai cht t u nh nh
tm hn ch 2 bc t do nh mt khi V ngn).Qu trnh tho lng v
kp cht chi tit c thc hin bng c cu bulong thanh kp (m
kp).Nguyn cng ny c thc hin trn my khoan ng.
10.2/Nguyn cng doa 2 l 39 v 69,5.
10.2.1/Phn tch s g t phi,yu cu cng ngh v chn c cu
nh v.
a/Phn tch s g t phi,yu cu cng ngh v chn c cu nh
v.
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Yu cu cn doa ng thi 39 v 69,5 ca tay bin vi nhn


bng sau gia cng l Rz =10 m.
gia cng 2 l 39 v 69,5 ta s dng my khoan ng 2A150 v
doa ngang 2615 vi yu cu m bo vung gc gia ng tm l
v mt u A, song song gia 2 ng tm l v khong cch gia 2
tm l.
Chi tit lm bng thp C45 c gia cng trn my khoan ng v my
doa ngang nn chi tit c t trn g v lp trn bn my thng
qua rnh ch T.
Ta chn mt A v l u nh lm chun nh v ,v mt A c mi
v l nh c qua chut cc nguyn cng trc nn chun ta
chn l chun tinh do ta chn c cu nh v l phin t hn ch 3
bc t do cng vi cht tr ngn hn ch 2 bc t do ti u nh v cht
chng xoay ti vu chun.
Kp cht chi tit c thc hin bng bulong thanh kp c phng
vung gc vi mt nh v v chiu hng t ngoi vo mt phin t.
Cc trc doa c dn hng nh cc bc dn trn g .Chuyn ng
ct l chuyn ng quay trn ca dng c ct kt hp vi chuyn ng
tnh tin ngang ca bn my.
C th cc kch thc, chnh xc v nhm b mt gia cng c
th hin trn bn v.
b/C cu nh v.
-Phin t:Ta s dng hai phin t trn nh v hai mt u nh v to
c bn knh R=30(mm) v R=50(mm).Cc phin t ny c nh v
trn thn g bng mt phng y v c bt cht vo g bng
cc bulong.Phin t c hnh dng v kch thc nh trong hnh v.

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

n tt nghip

1
7

0
4 60

100

37,8

56

38

36,5

-Cht nh v:Ta s dng cht nh v cn nh tm l u nh trn


g n hn ch 2 bc t do ca chi tit trn g.Cht nh v c hnh
dng v kch thc nh trn hnh v.

5
25
110

35
16

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-Bc dn hng:Khi gia cng l trn my doa cng vng ca dng


c ct khng m bo,v vy ngi ta dng cc c cu hng dn.Mt
khc c cu dn hng cn c tc dng nh hng cho dng c ct.
-Ngoi ra cn c cc cht nh v.
10.2.2/Ch ct khi gia cng v phn tch lc ct,momen.
a/Ch ct khi gia cng(theo phn 6,ta tnh c ch ct khi gia
cng)
b/Phn tch lc ct ,momen ct khi doa.
-Khi doa ,trn li ct ,lc ct c th phn tch thnh 3 h thng lc
vung gc vi nhau.Ti mt im trn li ct chnh,lc ct c chia
lm 3 phn:
Px:Lc chiu trc song song vi tc mi doa.
Py:Lc hng knh i qua trc mi doa.
Pz:Lc vng,to nn momen ct chnh tip tuyn vi ng trn ti
im c lc tc dng.
-Lc chiu trc Px l lc hng knh Pyc tc dng ln li ct .Ta
khng quan tm n 2 thnh phn ny khi tnh ton lc kp.
-Lc Pz l lc tip tuyn gy ra momen ct chnh Mc chng li Mx do
ng c gy ra.
Momen ca lc tc dng i vi trc X:
Mc=Pz.R/2
Vi Pz:lc ct gy
R:bn knh doa.
Momen xon Mxc trnh by mc 6.
10.2.3/Vit phng trnh tnh lc kp.
-Phng ca lc kp:
+Phng ca lc kp thng gc vi mt chun nh v chnh c din
tch tip xc l ln nht,gim p sut lc kp gy ra trnh bin dng
+Chiu:chiu ca lc kp hng vo mt nh v c li v th v lc
v c cu kp c kt cu nh gn.
+im t c chn ti v tr sao cho cng vng ca phi v g
ln nht phi t b bin dng khi kp cht cng nh khi gia
cng.Trong g chuyn dng ny ta s dng phng php kp cht
bng thanh kp bulong ri nn im t ca lc kp nm ngay trn
ming l.
-Tr s lc kp:Tr s ca lc kp phi trn g phi m bo cho
phi cn bng,n nh khng b x lch trong sut qu trnh gia cng
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99

SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin


Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

di tc dng ca ngoi lc,trong ch yu l lc ct,momen


xon,trng lng ca bn thn phi v cc lc loi hai sinh ra trong qu
trnh gia cng,ngha l c th xc nh c lc kp gn ng bng
cch gii ton cn bng tnh ty theo s g t c th vi quan h:
M=0 =>WM=(k,M,f)
P=0 =>WP= (k,P,f)
Trong : W:lc kp cht ca phi cn thit.
F:h s ma st gia mt chun nh v v mt lm vic ca nh
v,thng ly f=0,1
Mc:momen ct
Pc:lc ct
-Trong qu trnh gia cng l bng phng php doa,chi tit chu tc
dng ca momen xon Mx.Lc chy dao v lc kp tc dng theo cng
mt chiu to iu kin thun li cho kp cht chi tit.
-Di tc dng ca momen xon Mx(do lc ct gy ra) chi tit gia cng
c xu hng bi xoay quanh tm.Momen ma st do lc ct hng trc Px
v lc kp W gy ra c xu hng chng li momen xon.Do chi tit
c nh v bng mt phng v kp cht bng m kp,v vy trong
phng trnh cn bng khng c thnh phn lc hng
trc:Mx.K=Q.f.a(1)
Vi Mx:momen xon trn mi khoan,Mx=34370(N.mm)
K :h s an ton.
a:khong cch t tm mi doa ti m kp,a=20(mm)
f:h s ma st,f=0,8
-H s an ton K trong tng trng hp gia cng c th c xc nh
nh sau:
K= K=K0.(K1.K2.K3.K4.K5.K6)
Trong :K0:h s an ton trong tt c cc trng hp gia cng
(K0=1,5)
K1:h s lm tng lc ct khi lng d gia cng v nhm b mt
khng ng u ,y l nguyn cng gia cng th nn ta c K1=1,2.
K2:h s lm tng lc ct khi dao b mn,ly K2=1,4
K3:h s gia cng lc ct khi gia cng gin on ,b qua
K4:h s tnh n sai s ca c cu kp cht,v kp cht bng tay nn
K4=1,3
K5:h s tnh n mc thun li ca c cu kp bng tay,kp thun
li nn c K5=1

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100 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

K6:h s tnh n momen lm quay chi tit,nh v trn cc cht t


K6=1
Thay cc tr s ny vo cng thc tnh K ta c:
K=1,5.1,2.1,4.1,1.1,3=3,276
T phng trnh trn ta suy ra cng thc tnh lc kp nh sau:
Mx.K
Q = f.a =3656,5(N)
-Chn c cu kp cht l bulong thanh kp ri,kp cht bng bulong
thanh ko ri c dng rng ri trong sn xut hng lot ln khi gia
cng chi tit dng cng,hng lot nh v n chic.u im lc kp
ln vi c cu ny,cng nhn s thao tc nhanh gn ,d dng an ton v
t nng sut cao.
10.2.4/Xc nh sai s ch to ca g.
Theo cng thc (2.2) (sch G Gia Cng C) ta c:
ct]= 2gd-2m-2dc-2c
Trong cng thc trn th ta phi tnh sai s ch to g ct,tuy nhin
do cha bit sai s g t g nn tnh c sai s ch to g
ctphi chn sai s g t.Sai s g t c chn trc c coi l sai
s g t cho php v n c k hiu l [g].Sai s ny c tnh nh
sau:
1 1
[g]=(3 5 )
Trong : :dung sai kch thc nguyn cng m ta thit k g.
Ta c: =0,39mm=390m=>[g]=130 78m
Cc thnh phn trong cng thc 2 c xc nh nh sau:
c:sai s chun,v chi tit c nh v trn phin t v cc cht t,gc
kch thc trng vi chun nh v nn ta c c=0.
k: sai s kp cht sinh ra do lc kp cht ca g v c xc nh
theo cng thc:
k= (mmax-ymin).cos
Vi Ymax,Ymin:Lng chuyn v max v min ca chun gc kch thc
khi lc kp gy ra,v : gc to bi phng thc hin kch thc v
phng lc kp ta c =900 nn sai s kp cht k=0.
m:sai s mn ca g c xc nh theo cng thc:
m= . N
vi =0,18:H s ph thuc vo c cu nh v v iu kin tip xc.
N: s lng chi tit c g t trn g.
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101 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

=> m=. N =0,18. 1 =0,18m


dc: sai s iu chnh g phu thuc vo kh nng ca ngi lp rp
g chnh.Khi thit k g c th ly dc=5 m.
Nh vy chi cn li mt n s phi tm l sai s ch to g ct..
t yu cu ca g thay cho ct ta c khi nim sai s ch to cho
php k hiu l [ct].
[ct]= 2gd-2m-2dc-2c = 82-0,182-52 =6,24 m
10.2.5/Nhng yu cu k thut ca g:
1.
Yu cu i vi thn g:
Tt c thn g v g phi c kh sut d.
2.
Kim tra g
-Phi kim tra tt c cc kch thc chun
-Kim tra ch lp ghp ca cc chi tit
-Kim tra cng vng ca g.
3.
Sn g:
-sau khi g c kim tra tt c cc b mt gia cng cn phai c
sn du.Mu sn c th ty ,lp sn phi kh.
-Cc chi tit nh chi tit kha ,bulong,ai c c nhum ly mu bng
phng php ha hc.
4.
Nhng yu cu an ton v g:
-Nhng chi tit ngoi khng c c cnh sc
-Khng c lm x dch v tr ca g khi thay i iu chnh trn
my
- g cn c cn bng tnh v cn bng ng.
-Kt cu ca g thun tin cho vic qut dn phi v dung dch trn
ngui trong qu trnh gia cng.
-Khi lp chi tit trn g cn phi c dng c chuyn dng.
10.2.6/Nguyn l lm vic ca g.
g khoan l u nh ca chi tit tay bin D165.
Chi tit gia cng c nh v trn cc phin t phng. nh tm ta
dng cc cht t v kp cht chi tit ta dng bulong thanh kp.Nh vy
chi tit gia cng c nh v 6 bc t do(hai cht t u nh nh
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102 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

tm hn ch 2 bc t do nh mt khi V ngn).Qu trnh tho lng v


kp cht chi tit c thc hin bng c cu bulong thanh kp (m
kp).Nguyn cng ny c thc hin trn my khoan ng.
10.3/Nguyn cng phay mt ghp.
10.3.1/Phn tch s g t phi,yu cu cng ngh v chn c cu
nh v.
a/Phn tch s g t phi,yu cu cng ngh v chn c cu nh
v.
Yu cu cn phay mt ghp vi nhn bng Rz=40. thc hin
c nguyn cng ny ta s dng my phay ng vi yu cu m bo
vung gc ca mt u v mt phng cn phay.
Chi tit lm bng C45 c gia cng trn my phay ng 6H12 nn chi
tit c t trn g v lp ln my thng qua rnh ch T.Ta thy
nguyn cng l phay mt phng nn ta ly mt phng lm mt
chun,chn mt phng A lm chun v mt A c mi tinh cc
nguyn cng trc nn chun l tinh.Chun nh v l mt A v cc mt
tr ngn v cht tr.Phin t hn ch hai bc t do ca chi tit ti cc
mt y,cht cn hn ch 2 mt t do ti l nh v cht tr hn ch bc
t do quay quanh l nh nh v ti vu chun.
Kp cht chi tit c thc hin bng bulong thanh kp c phng
vung gc vi mt nh v v chiu hng vo mt nh v.
V tr dao phay c xc nh bng c so dao. g c nh trn bn
bng cc then dn hng.
Chuyn ng ct gi l chuyn ng quay trn ca dao v chuyn ng
chy dao l chuyn ng tnh tin ca bn my.
b/C cu nh v:
Phin t:s dng hai phin t c hnh dng v kch thc nh hnh v:

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103 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

21
R2.5

R5

S dng phin t n gin d ch to v c cng vng tt v d cho


vic qut dn.Phin t c lm nng thp 20X c thm than v sau
nhit luyn t cng HRC =5060 vi chiu su lp thm l 0,50,8
(mm)
-Cht tr ngn:
Kt cu ca cht tr c th hin nh hnh v:
--Ngoi ra cn c cc cht nh v.
10.3.2/Ch ct khi gia cng v phn tch lc v momen ct.
a/Ch ct khi phay phng mt ghp(theo phn 6)
b/Vit phng trnh tnh lc kp cn thit v tnh lc kp W
-Phng v chiu ca lc kp:
+Phng ca lc kp:C cu nh v gm phin t ,cht tr ngn v
cht tr nh.V chng nh v to ra chun kch thc,khi gia cng lc
ct khng to ra x dch chi tit ch yu theo phng song song vi
phin t,m to ra x dch ch yu theo phng vung gc vi trc ca
dao(c hin tng p hoc y chi tit ri khi phin t)
Vy phng ca lc kp chng li s x dch c ngha l vung gc
vi mt nh v phin t.
+Chiu ca lc kp:Hng vo mt nh v phin t,c li th v lc
v kt cu n gin.
-c im ca lc kp c chn ti v tr sao cho cng vng ca
phi v g ln nht phi t bin dng cng nh khi gia
cng.Trong g chuyn dng ny ta s dng phng php kp cht
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104 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

bng bulong thanh kp nn im t ca lc kp c v tr cch mt gia


cng 14mm t trn xung.
Kp cht bng bulong thanh kp dng ren vit c kt cu n gin,lc
kp ln c bit c tnh hm tt.Tuy nhin phi quay nhiu vng khi
kp cht cng nh khi tho kp chi tit gia cng,cho nn nng sut
thp,lc kp khng n nh,v vn c kh nng lm x dch chi tit ma
st.
-Phng tho lc kp:
+Lc kp l c s thit k cc c cu kp cht.Vic tnh lc kp c
coi l gn ng trong iu kin chi tit gia cng trng thi cn bng
tnh di tc dng ca ngoi lc nh:lc kp,phn lc ca mt t,lc
ma st cc b mt tip xc,lc ct v trng lng ca chi tit.Trong
thc t lc ct khng n nh,lc ma st cng khng n nh do lc
kp cng khng n nh.
+Tr s ca lc kp:tr s ca lc kp phi trn g phi m bo sao
cho phi cn bng,n nh ,khng b x dch gia cng di tc dng ca
ngoi lc,trong ch yu l lc ct ,momen xon,trng lng ca bn
thn phi v cc lc loi hai sinh ra trong qu trnh gia cng,ngha l c
th xc nh c lc kp gn ng bng cch gii ton cn bng tnh
ty theo s g t c th vi quan h:
P=0 =>WM=(k,Mc,f)
Trong : W:lc kp cht phi cn thit
F:h s ma st gia mt chun nh v v mt lm vic ca nh v
,thng ly f=0,1
Mc:momen ct
Pc:lc ct
k:h s xt n yu cu m bo khi gia cng
tnh lc kp cht W ,trc ht phi tnh lc Pz(theo phn tnh trn ta
tnh c Pz=45 N)Ta thy lc ct nh nn ta chn lc kp cht
Q=1000.
10.3.3/Xc nh sai s ch to cho php ca g.
Theo cng thc (2.2) (sch G Gia Cng C) ta c:
[ct]= 2gd-2m-2dc-2c
Trong cng thc trn th ta phi tnh sai s ch to g ct,tuy nhin
do cha bit sai s g t g nn tnh c sai s ch to g
ctphi chn sai s g t.Sai s g t c chn trc c coi l sai

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105 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

s g t cho php v n c k hiu l [g].Sai s ny c tnh nh


sau:
1 1
[g]=(3 5 )
Trong : :dung sai kch thc nguyn cng m ta thit k g.
Ta c: =0,2mm=200m=>[g]=66,67 40m
Cc thnh phn trong cng thc 2 c xc nh nh sau:
c:sai s chun,v chi tit c nh v trn phin t v cc cht t,gc
kch thc trng vi chun nh v nn ta c c=0.
k:sai s kp cht sinh ra do lc kp cht ca g v c xc nh
theo cng thc:
k=(mmax-ymin).cos
Vi Ymax,Ymin:Lng chuyn v max v min ca chun gc kch thc
khi lc kp gy ra,v : gc to bi phng thc hin kch thc v
phng lc kp ta c =900 nn sai s kp cht k=0.
m:sai s mn ca g c xc nh theo cng thc:
m=. N
vi =0,18:H s ph thuc vo c cu nh v v iu kin tip xc.
N: s lng chi tit c g t trn g.
=> m=. N =0,18. 1 =0,18m
dc: sai s iu chnh g phu thuc vo kh nng ca ngi lp rp
g chnh.Khi thit k g c th ly dc=5 m.
Nh vy chi cn li mt n s phi tm l sai s ch to g ct..
t yu cu ca g thay cho ct ta c khi nim sai s ch to cho
php k hiu l [ct].
[ct]= 2gd-2m-2dc-2c = 602-0,182-102 =59
10.2.5/Nhng yu cu k thut ca g:
1.
Yu cu i vi thn g:
Tt c thn g v g phi c kh sut d.
2.
Kim tra g
-Phi kim tra tt c cc kch thc chun
-Kim tra ch lp ghp ca cc chi tit
-Kim tra cng vng ca g.
3.
Sn g:
-sau khi g c kim tra tt c cc b mt gia cng cn phai c
sn du.Mu sn c th ty ,lp sn phi kh.

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106 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

-Cc chi tit nh chi tit kha ,bulong,ai c c nhum ly mu bng


phng php ha hc.
4.
Nhng yu cu an ton v g:
-Nhng chi tit ngoi khng c c cnh sc
-Khng c lm x dch v tr ca g khi thay i iu chnh trn
my
- g cn c cn bng tnh v cn bng ng.
-Kt cu ca g thun tin cho vic qut dn phi v dung dch trn
ngui trong qu trnh gia cng.
-Khi lp chi tit trn g cn phi c dng c chuyn dng.
10.2.6/Nguyn l lm vic ca g.
g khoan l u nh ca chi tit tay bin D165.
Chi tit gia cng c nh v trn cc phin t phng. nh tm ta
dng cc cht t v kp cht chi tit ta dng bulong thanh kp.Nh vy
chi tit gia cng c nh v 6 bc t do(hai cht t u nh nh
tm hn ch 2 bc t do nh mt khi V ngn).Qu trnh tho lng v
kp cht chi tit c thc hin bng c cu bulong thanh kp (m
kp).Nguyn cng ny c thc hin trn my phay ng.
Ni dung 11:Tnh ton thit k quy trnh cng ngh.
11.1/Tnh gi thnh tng phn.
11.1.1/Gi thnh phi.
Sau khi chn phi ta xc nh gi thnh c th so snh vi phng
n chn phi m nh my ang dng hoc phi so snh hai phng n
m ta a.Gi thnh 1 kg phi c xc nh theo cng thc:
C1
S
Sp=( 1000 .Q. K1.K2.K3.K4.K5)- (Q-q).1000 .Sp) (ng)
Trong :C1:gi thnh mt tn phi =>C1=ng
K1.K2.K3.K4.K5:cc h s ph thuc vo cp chnh xc, phc tp ca
phi,vt liu,trng lng v sn lng phi.
K1 =1,0;K2 =1,21; K3 =1,2;K4=0,6; K5=0,83
Q :trng lng ca phi =.Q=2,2 kg
11.1.2/Chi ph tr lng.
Lng ca cng nhn sn xut trc tip mt nguyn cng no
c xc nh theo cng thc:
C.Ttc
SL= 60
Trong :C l s tin ngi cng nhn nhn c trong 1 h lm vic.
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107 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

=>C=5208,3(ng/gi)
Ttc:thi gian lm tng chic=>Ttc=48(pht)
SL:lng ca cng nhn ti mt nguyn cng no
=>SL=4166,7(ng/gi)
11.1.3/Gi thnh in nng.
Chi ph v in nng Sd ph thuc vo cng sut ng c ca my,ch
ct v c xc nh theo cng thc:
Cd.N.N.T0
Sd= 60. . (ng)
c d
Trong : Cd:gi thnh mt kw in =>Cd=1200(ng)
N :cng sut ng c=>N=7(kw)
N:h s s dng my theo cng sut =>N=0,71
T0:thi gian c bn
c:h s tht thot mng in =>c=0,96
d:hiu sut ng c => d=0,92
=>Sd=4276,7(ng)
11.1.4/Chi ph s dng dng c.
Chi ph s dng dng c Ssc c xc nh theo cng thc;
Cdc
T0
Ssc= (n +1 +tm.Pm). T
m
Trong : Cdc :gi thnh ban u ca dng c
11.1.5/Chi ph khu hao my.
11.1.6/Chi ph sa my.
11.1.7/Chi ph s dng g.
11.2/Tnh gi thnh chi tit.
Gi thnh mt chi tit nguyn cng Sctnc no c xc nh theo
cng thc sau:
Sctnc=Sp+SL+Sd+Sdc+Skh+Ssc+Ssddg
Ni dung 12:Nhng khi nim c bn v lp trnh gia cng trn
my CNC.
Trn cc my CNC qu trnh gia cng c thc hin mt cch t ng
.H thng iu khin s ca my s iu khin qu trnh gia cng theo
mt chng trnh lp sn.Chng trnh CNC ng vai tr rt quan
trng trong qu trnh gia cng,n l mt mt xch ca qu trnh sn
xut.V tr ca chng trnh CNC c th hin theo s 6.0.
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108 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Qu trnh hnh thnh chng trnh CNC c hiu nh sau:t bn v


thit k ngi lp trnh c cc thng tin hnh hc tnh ton,sp xp
cc lch iu khin theo trnh t nht nh,ng thi ngi lp trnh
phi thng tin cng ngh(ch cng nghip,dng c,cc chc nng
ph) hnh thnh chng trnh NC .Nh vy chng trnh NC cha
ton b cc thng tin hnh hc v thng tin cng ngh ca qu trnh gia
cng.
Trn c s phn tch v qu trnh hnh thnh chng trnh NC ta c
nh ngha sau: qu trnh thit lp cc lnh cho dng c ct trn c s
bn v chi tit v cc thng tin cng ngh ri chuyn cc thng tin ny
sang b phn mang d liu c m ha v sp xp theo dng m my
hiu c gi l lp trnh
Tuy nhin, c th lp trnh trn my CNC ,chng ta phi nm c
nhng khi nim c bn sau y:
12.1/Qu o gia cng:
Khi gia cng dao v chi tit chuyn ng tng i vi nhau.Tuy nhin
khi lp trnh ta quy c rng dng c chuyn ng tng i so vi h
thng ta (chuyn ng ca tm dao P) cn chi tit ng yn(hnh
6.1 l s qu o ca tm dao).i vi dao tin (hnh 6.1a) im P
l tm cu bn knh mi dao.
Cc dao phay mt u,dao phay ngn,dao khoan,dao khot v dao doa
c im P l tm mt u ,cn dao phay ngn c mt hnh chm cu th
im P l tm ca chm cu .Theo hnh 6.1 ta c 2 trng hp.
-Bn knh ca dao phay c nh trong qu trnh gia cng th qu o
chuyn ng ca tm dao (im P) lun lun cch contour ca chi tit
mt on bng bn knh ca dao.Trong trng hp ny c th hin
trn cc hnh 6.1a n 6.1e.
-Tuy bn knh ca dao c nh nhng qu o chuyn ng ca tm
dao P li khng lun cch u contour ca chi tit mt on bng bn
knh dao th s gy sai s gia cng.
V vy,ng u c hiu l qu o chuyn ng ca tm dao m
theo c th gia cng mt contour xc nh.Chuyn ng theo ng
cch u ch c ngha i vi chuyn ng ct,cn chuyn ng ph
ch c ngha khi lp trnh.
Nh vy gia cng chi tit theo chng trnh ,trc ht phi xc nh
c qu o chuyn ng ct v qu o chuyn ng ph ca tm
dao.Qu o chuyn ng ca tm dao c th khc nhau,c th trng
vi contour ca chi tit,c th theo ng cch u contour hoc c th
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109 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

thay i v tr theo mt quy lut xc nh so vi contour ca chi tit.


gia cng ton b cc b mt ca chi tit th qu o chuyn ng ca
tm dao phi lin tc.Tuy nhin vic xc nh ca qu o y rt kh
khn v qu o ca chng trnh rt phc tp v n xc nh qu o
ca tm dao trong khng gian .V vy trong thc t khi lp trnh qu
o chuyn ng ca tm dao c xc nh theo tng phn contour
ring bit hoc theo tng phn ca ng cch u.
12.2/Cch ghi kch thc chi tit.
lp trnh gia cng trn my CNC th kch thc ca chi tit trn bn
v phi c ghi theo ta cc.C 2 cch ghi kch thc trn babrn
v :ghi kch thc tuyt i v ghi kch thc tng i.
12.2.1/Ghi kch thc tuyt i.
Theo cch ghi kch thc ny th tt c cc kch thc u xut pht t
im gc ca chi tit W (hnh 6.2a)
Nh vy ta c kch thc x,y ca tng im trn chi tit nh sau:
im W:x=0;y=0
im 4:x=70;y=0
im 1:x=0;y=0
im 5: x=120;y=0
im 2:x=20;y=0
im 6: x=120;y=45
im 3:x=70;y=15
im 7: x=70;y=85
im 8:x=0;y=85
12.2.2/Ghi kch thc tng i.(theo gia s)
Theo cch ghi kch thc tng i theo gia s th kch thc sau xut
pht t im kt thc ca kch thc trc n(hnh 6.2 b).Nh vy ta c
cc gai s x,y nh sau:
im W: Ux=0;Uy=0
im 4 : Ux=0;Uy=-15
im 1: Ux=+20;Uy=0
im 5 : Ux=+50;Uy=0
im 2 : Ux=20;Uy=+15
im 6: Ux=0;Uy=+45
im 3 : Ux=+50;Uy=0
im 7 : Ux=-50;Uy=+40
im 8 : Ux=-70;Uy=0
Trong thc t ngi ta t dng cch ghi kch thc theo gia s v n nh
hng nhiu n kt qu ca gia cng.
12.3/Cc chc nng G.
G l chc nng dch chuyn ca dng c ct v c vit tt t hai t
ting anh: Geometric Function.Ngoi chc nng dch chuyn,G cn xc
nh ch lm vic ca my cng c CNC.Cc chc nng G c

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

m ha t G00 n G99.Di y phn tch mt s chc nng G thng


dng nht.
-G00:chy dao nhanh vi tc lp trnh(chuyn dch vi vn tc
chy dao ln nht,trn hnh 6.3).Nh vy pha sau G00 c thm ta
cua x,y,z.V d,trn hnh 6.3a cho k hiu sau y:G90 G00 X20
Z150.K hiu ny c gii thch nh sau:G90 ch lp trnh theo kch
thc tuyt i,G00 l k hiu chc nng dch chuyn dao nhanh t
im 0 n im c ta x=20 (bng ng knh bc nh nht ca chi
tit)v z=150 l khong cch t im gc ca chi tit W n lp trnh.
Trn hnh 6.3d c k hiu G00 X60 Y80 Z120 ta hiu k hiu nh
sau:dao phay ngn dch chuyn nhanh t im 0 n ddierm 1treen chi
tit v ddierm 1 c ta :X=90;Y=75,Z=100.
Cng theo cc k hiu tng t,hnh 6.3 e ta c G90 G00 X90 Y75
Z100 . y dao dch chuyn nhanh t v tr 0 ti v tr 1 ,ti v tr dao
c ta X90 Y75 Z100.
-G01:ni suy ng thng.Sau lnh G01 l c ta v cc thng s
ca ch ct.
V d:trn hnh 6.3 b c k hiu G01 X-30F45 ,k hiu ny c gii
thch l:X-30 l n dao ti v tr c hai ta X=-30 ,cn
F=45(mm/pht).Cn nh rng trong qu trnh dch chuyn dao t 1 n
im 2 th ta Z khng thay i v vy khng cn ghi vo k hiu ta
Z.
Trn hnh 6.3c c k hiu G01 Z100 F60 ,k hiu ny cho ta bit dao
dch chuyn t im 1 n im 2,ti im 2 dao c ta Z=100(cch
im W mt khong c chiu di l 100 mm) vi lng chy dao
F=60mm/pht.Trong qu trnh dch chuyn n im 3 v trng hp
ny cng l ni suy ng thng cho nn khng cn nhc li G01 m
vit ngay k hiu X80 Z60 F35.Ti im 4 c th vit :Z0 F35.Theo
chc nng G01 c th k hiu y hn,v d N03 G01 X40 Y20 Z-3
F80 S200 M03.Dng lnh ny c th t trong chng trnh l 3,ct theo
ng thng t v tr hin ti vi im c ta X=40,Y=20,Z=3 vi
lng chy dao F= 809mm/pht),tc trc chnh S=200 vng /pht v
quay theo chiu kim ng h.
Cn nh rng chc nng G c gi nguyn cho ti khi thay i bng
chc nng G khc.iu ny c thy r trn hnh 6.3d v 6.3e .Trn
hnh 6.3d ta thy khi di chuyn t v tr 1 n v tr 2,ta ca X v Y
khng thay i ,ch c Z thay i ,v Z=30 ti v tr 2.Trong qu trnh di
chuyn t 1 n 2 dao khng ct nn khng c lnh G01 v cng khng
cn ghi li lnh G00.T v tr 2 n v tr 3 dao ct nn ta c G01 v ti
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

v tr 3 c ta Y=0(X vn giu nguyn l 60 v Z vn gi nguyn l


30).T v tr 3 n v tr 4 dao ct nn ta c G01 nhng cng khng cn
ghi li na m ta ghi ngay Z0(ngha l ti 4 ta c Z=0 v X vn
ginguyn l 60)
Trn hnh 6.3e ta c :t 0 n 1 l di chuyn nhanh G00 ,t 1 n 2 l
di chuyn theo lnh kch thc tng i v ta c X gim i 40,nh vy
ta c dng lnh ti im 2 l G91 X-40 .T im 2 n 3 ta c lnh ni
suy ng thng G01 v ti im 3 ta ghi dng lnh G01 Y-30 (y gim
i 30 cng theo kch thc tng i).T im 3 n 4 l lp trnh theo
kch thc tuyt i v c lnh ct G01.Tai 4 c Y=0 v Z=0 ,cn
X=50 hoc khng cn ghi v ti cc im 2 v 3 gi tr ca X vn bng
50(khng i).
G02,G03:ni suy cung trn theo chiu kim ng h(G02) v ngc
chiu kim ng h G03 khi xt chng mt phng XY v G17 (chc
nng chn mt phng gia cng XY),mt phng XZ vi G18 v mt
phng YZ vi G19 l cc chc nng chn mt phng gia cng XZ v
YZ .Cc k hiu i ,j,k l ta tm cung trn theo cc trc tng ng
X,Y,Z.Cn nh rng G02 ni suy cung trn theo chiu kim ng h v
G03 ni suy cung trn theo chiu ngc chiu kim ng h nu quan
st t hng n ca cc trc ta .Khi thay i hng ca cc trc
ta th hng ca G02 ,G03 thay i ngc li.
Nhn chung cung trn trn mt phng ca h trc ta c xc nh
bng nhng thng s sau y:tm C vi cc ta x,y bn knh R,im
xut pht P vi cc ta x,y im ch P1 vi cc ta x1,y1 ,gc
tm cung trn v gc gia tip tuyn ti im xut pht v trc ta
(trong trng hp ny l trc X) l hnh 6.4d
Trong h trc ta tm cung trn C vi bn knh R v c im xut
pht P0 c xc nh bng cc gi tr I,J(trong mt phng XY).Cc gi
tr I,J mang du (-) hoc (+) ty thuc vo hng chy dao .I l ta
ca tm cung trn theo hng trc X(khong cch gia tm C v im
xut pht P0 theo hng X),cn J l ta ca tm cung trn theo
hng trc Y.Cc ta I,J,K c gi tr m khi chiu t im xut pht
P0 ti im C theo hng m ca cc trc ta ,cn I,J,K c g tr
dng khi chiu t im xut pht P0ti im C theo hng dng ca
cc trc ta (K l ta ca tm cung trn theo hng trc Z).
Cc gi tr X,Y,Z,I,J,K c xc nh theo cc s trn hnh
6.5,6.6,6.7 .
Dng lnh G02 theo hnh 6.8 c vit nh sau :G02X8Y4I3J-4.Ta
gii thch dng lnh theo th t l:G02 ch ni suy cung trn theo chiu
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

kim ng h ,X=8,Y=4 l ta im ch P1,cn I=3 v J=-4 l


hng t P0n C l hng theo chiu dng ca X.
G04 : (Dwell):thi gian ch gia lnh ang thc hin v lnh tip
theo.V d G01 l lnh ni suy ng thng ,khi bit ni suy G01 ang
chuyn sang ni suy cung trn G02 th phi c mt thi gian ch.Thi
gian ch khong vi giy(phi c thi gian ch v khng th ct lin tc
t b mt ny sang b mt khc ngay c).Thi gian ch cng c
ngha l thi gian cn thit dao ct thm 1 vi giay(chng hn khi
phay mt u hoc khot )nhm nng cao cht lng b mt .V d
G04X1,0- c ngha l dng c ct dng li 1 s.
G06:ni suy parabol(chng trnh gia cng cung parabol).
G08:tng tc (t ng tng) t thi im bt u chuyn ng ti gi
tr lp trnh.
G09:gim tc (t ng gim) dch chuyn khi gn t n im lp
trnh.
G17:chn b mt ta XY
G18:XZ
G19:.YZ
G33:ct ren c bc khng thay i
G34:ct ren c bc tng dn
G35:ct ren c bc gim dn
G40:hy b hiu chnh kch thc dao
G41:hiu chnh dao bn tri profin chi tit nu ta quan st t im xut
pht
G42:hiu chnh dao bn phi profin
G43:hiu chnh kch thc dao dng
G44:hiu chnh kch thc dao m
G53:hy b x dch im chun chn
G54 n G59:x dch im chun ca chi tit so vi im chun ca my
G60:nh v v tr chnh xc cp 1
G61:nh v v tr chnh xc cp 2
G62:nh v v tr nhanh
G63:s dng 100% lng chy dao
G64 n G69:thay i s vng quay v lng chy dao
G80:hy b chu trnh chn
G81 n G89:cc chu trnh khoan ,khot
G90:lp trnh theo kch thc tuyt i
G91:lp trnh theo kch thc tng i
G92:t b nh
G93:lng chy dao F theo thi gian
G94:lng chy dao F theo mm/pht
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

G95:lng chy dao F theo mm/vng


G96:tc ct S theo m/pht
G97:s vng quay theo pht
12.4/Cc chc nng ph M.
Cc chc nng ph M c k hiu bng ch M vi hai ch s t 00 n 99
c dng vn hnh my trong qu trnh gia cng.Mt s chc nng ph
M thng c k hiu nh sau:
M00:dng chng trnh
M01:dng theo la chn
M02:kt thc chng trnh
M03:trc chnh quay theo kim n h
M04:trc chnh quay ngc chiu kim ng h
M05:dng trc chnh cng tc
M06:thay i dng c ct
M07 v M08:m dung dch trn ngui
M09:ng dung dch trn ngui
M10:ng kp trn tt c cc trc ca my
M11:m kp trn tt c cc trc ca my
M19:dng quay trc chnh v tr xc nh
M30:kt thuc chng trnh
M59:tc quay ca trc chnh c nh
12.5/Mt s k hiu a ch khc.
%:bt u chng trnh
N:s th t cu lnh
F:lng chy dao
S:tc ct
I:ta tm cung trn trong ta cc trn trc X
J:ta tm cung trn trong ta cc trn trc Y
K:..Z
T:dng c ct
LF:kt thc cu lnh
D:s hiu chnh dao
H,L,O:khng th xc nh
12.6/Chng trnh NC.
Chng trnh NC l mt file cha cc lnh iu khin my ,mi lnh iu
khin mt thao tc no ca my.Cc lnh c vit bng m quy nh v
sp xp theo 1 th t my c th hiu c khi n lm vic.Trong my c
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

b iu khin n c cc lnh theo th t thc hin qu trnh gia


cng.Hin nay c rt nhiu iu khin CNC .
Mt cu lnh thao tc h ni trn c vit nh sau:
NGXYZIJKFSTMLF.
Trong :
N:s th t cu lnh.
G :m iu khin.
X,Y,Z:ta theo cc trc.
I,J,K:ta tm cung trn theo cc trc X,Y,Z.
F :lng chy dao
S :tc ct.
T :s th t dao.
M :chc nng ph.
LF:kt thc mt cu lnh(c th khng cn k hiu ny)
V d 1:N02 X10 Y22 Z-10 F300 S1200 M03:c th t l 2,ct theo ng
thng t v tr hin ti n im c ta X=10,Y=22,Z=-10,lng chy dao
F=300mm/pht,s vng quay ca trc chnh l S=1200 vng/pht,dao quay
theo chiu kim ng h.
V d 2:N04 G03 X22 Y30 Z-1 F120 S3150 I-6 J10:c th t chng trnh
l 4,ct theo vng trn ngc chiu kim ng h t v tr hin ti ti v tr c
ta X=22,Y=30,Z=-1 ,lng chy dao l F=120mm/pht,s vng quay
trc chnh l S=3150 vng/pht,ta tm cung trn l I=-6,J=10.
12.7/Cc phng php lp trnh.
Cn c vo mc t ng ha cc cng vic lp trnh ,ngi ta phn bit
hai phng php lp trnh :lp trnh bng tay v lp trnh bng my(lp trnh
c s tr gip ca my tnh)
12.7.1/Lp trnh bng tay.
Khi lp trnh bng tay ,ngi lp trnh cn c vo cc bn v chi tit nhp
cc d liu theo cc lnh t bn phm ca my vo b nh.Nh vy vic lp
trnh ny tn thi gian,d nhm ln c bit i vi cc chi tit phc tp.Do
nhng nhc im m phng php lp trnh bng tay c dng cho cc
chi tit c cng ngh n gin hoc chnh nhng phng trnh c sn.Phng
tin h tr cho ngi lp trnh bng tay l cc bng tra s liu catalog,my
tnh b ti ch gip cho ngi lp trnh tnh ton hnh hc(cc im trn bin
dng chi tit) v tnh ton cng ngh.
Lp trnh bng tay i hi ngi lp trnh ngoi vic lm ch phng php
lp trnh cn phi c kin thc v cng ngh ch to my.

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

12.7.2/Lp trnh bng my.


Khi lp trnh bng my ,ngi lp trnh m t hnh dng hnh hc ca chi tit
gia cng,cc qu o ca dng c ct v cc chc nng ca my theo mt
ngn ng m my c th hiu c .Lp trnh bng my c u im l khng
cn thc hin cc php tnh bng tay,ch cn truy nhp mt t d liu nhng
c th sn sinh ra mt lng ln cc d liu cho nhng tnh ton cn
thit,ng thi hn ch c li lp trnh.
Khi lp trnh bng my tnh th my tnh phi c hai chng trnh tnh ton
c bit sau:
-Chng trnh x l (processor)
-Chng trnh hu x l(postprocessor).
Processor l mt chng trnh thc hin cc tnh ton hnh hc v cng ngh
.Ngi ta gi cc d liu ca b chng trnh x l l CLD,cc d liu ny
a ra mt gii php chung v gia cng m khng ph thuc vo my cng
ngh CLD cha cc lnh ngn gn nht v cc m trong khng hp vi h
CNC no.
Mun dng CLD cho mt h CNC c th phi dng mt chng trnh c
bit gi l Post- processor(b hu x l chng trnh hay chng trnh hu
x l).Nh vy b hu x l c nhim v dch chng trnh NC di dng
CLD thnh cc m cho h CNC c th hiu c v thc hin cc qu
trnh iu khin my gia cng.
Cn nh rng khi lp trnh bng my tnh trong phn hnh hc ca chi tit
nh:im,ng thng,cung trn.cn phn cng ngh ngi lp trnh m
t qu trnh gia cng chi tit nh :khoan,phay,ch ct,dung dch trn
ngui.C hai vic m t trn y to ra mt chng trnh ngun .T
chng trnh ngun ny my tnh to ra mt chng trnh gia cng ph hp
vi my CNC nh b hu x l.
12.8/Cc hnh thc t chc lp trnh.
thc hin vic lp trnh gia cng,nh my c hai hnh thc t chc lp
trnh sau:
-Lp trnh ti phn xng.
-Lp trnh trong chun b sn xut.
12.8.1/Lp trnh ti phn xng.
Lp trnh ti phn xng c thc hin trc tip trn my thng qua bng
iu khin .Mn hnh ca h iu khin gip cho ngi lp trnh quan st
c cc d liu a vo,trnh c cc li ca chng trnh.Sau khi lp
trnh xong ngi ta c th cho chy cc chng trnh m phng ha trn
mn hnh(tt c cc chuyn ng cn thit khi gia cng u c m phng
trn mn hnh).Nh vy qua m hnh ngi ta c th pht hin xem dng c
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

ct c va chm vo chi tit hoc chuyn ng c sai qu o khng,nu xy


ra nhng trng hp th c ngha l chng trnh c li v cn phi sa
li.
i vi cc hnh thc lp tnh ti phn xng ngi vn hnh my phi c
trnh tay ngh cao.
12.8.2/Lp trnh trong chun b sn xut.
Khi mt nh my c quy m sn xut ln ,tc l c s dng nhiu my CNC
khc nhau ,gia cng nhiu loi chi tit khc nhau v s lng chi tit trong
tng loi ln th cn phi lp trnh trung trong chun b sn xut.Cng vic
lp trnh ny c thc hin ti phng cng ngh ti trung tm lp trnh ca
nh my.Nh vy nh my cn c i ng lp trnh vin c o to chuyn
mn ha v ng dng thnh tho cc lp trnh.
u im ca hnh thc lp trnh tp chung l nng sut lp trnh cao v
ngi lp trnh tuy cha vn hnh my thnh tho vn c th lp trnh gia
cng cho nhiu loi chi tit khc nhau.Chng trnh c lp ti trung tm
c chuyn ti cc my CNC di hai hnh thc:
-Nu cc my CNC c ni mng trc tip vi trung tm lp trnh th cc
my CNC lp trc tip qua mng .
-Nu cc my CNC cha ni mng vi trung tm lp trnh th chng trnh
phi c ghi vo a mm hoc vit bng bng c l ri chuyn ti cc
my CNC gia cng.
Tuy nhin hnh thc lp trnh tp chung c nhc im l cc li chng
trnh ch c pht hin khi chy m phng hoc gia cng th cng ging
nh lp trnh trc tip ti phn xng,nhng qua trnh xy ra chm hn.
12.9/Chng trnh chnh v chng trnh con.
Mt chi tit c th c nhiu b mt khc nhau hoc nhiu phn khc nhau
phi gia cng .Chng trnh gia cng ton b chi tit c gi l
chng trnh con.Nh vy chng trnh con thc hin cc qu trnh gia
cng c lp i lp li nhiu ln,c th c truy nhp v lu gi trong b
nh ca chng trnh( dng chng trnh con) v c th c gi ra ti cc
v tr ca chng trnh chnh(chng trnh gia cng chi tit).
V d:Khi gia cng chi tit trn hnh ta c chng trnh gia cng(chng
trnh chnh),chng trnh ny gm 3 chng trnh con gia cng 3 l 1,2,3
thng thng ngi ta s dng ch L v cc s ty bt u chng trnh
con.Trong trng trnh con cc cu lnh cng nh cc cu trc nh cc cu
lnh ca chng trnh chnh.Lc ny gia cng l 2 ta goi chng trnh con
th 2 t chng trnh chnh .Sau li gi chng trnh cn gia cng l
th 3.Ty theo iu kin ngi ta chn chc nng M17,G99 hay k hiu LF
kt thc mt chng trnh con.
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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

12.10/Cc v d v lp trnh.
12.10.1/Lp trnh gia cng trn my tin
Hnh 6.12 l mt chi tit c gia cng trn my tin theo chng
trnh,chng trnh gia cng chi tit trn my tin c vit li nh sau:
N01 G50 X250 Z200 (G50 l chnh dao v tr 0 c ta X=250;Z=200)
G96 S500 M03(chn tc ct l 500 vng/pht,M03 chi tit quay theo
chiu kim ng h)
N02 G00 X50 Z80 (dao chy nhanh ti im c ta X=50 v Z=80)
N02 G00 X50 Z80(dao chy nhanh ti im c ta X=50 v Z=80)
N03 G01 X0 F0,2(ni suy ng thng ti ng tm chi tit c ta
X=0,Z vn giu nguyn gi tr cho nn khng cn ghi li,lng chy dao
F=0,2mm/vng)
N04 W1(vn ni suy ng thng dao li ra cch mt u chi tit mt
khong chi tit W=1mm)
N05 G00 X50(dao chy nhanh v v tr c ta X=50)
N06 G01 Z55(ni suy ng thng ,dao tin on bc nh c bn knh
=50mm v dch chuyn n im c ta Z=55)
N07 G02 X100 Z30 R25(ni suy cung trn theo chiu kim ng h ti im
c ta X=100,Z=30, v bn knh R=25)
N08 G01 Z0(ni suy ng thng,dao ct phn cn li ca chi tit v dch
chuyn n tn trc X c ta Z=0)
N09 G00 X250 Z200(dao li nhanh v im O c ta X=250,Z=200)
N10 M30 LF(kt thc chng trnh ,tuy nhin c th khng cn N10)
12.10.2/Lp trnh gia cng trn my phay.
Hnh 6.3 l mt chi tit c gia cng theo chng tnh trn my phay
ng.Trong trng hp ny ta chn mt gia cng XY (G17) dng dao phay
ngn,qu o chy dao theo ng chm chm t 1 n 11.Chng trnh gia
cng chi tit c vit nh sau:
G92 X0 Y0 Z0(t dao ti im O)
N01 G90 G17 G41 G00 X250 Y550 (G90 l lp trnh vi kch thc tuyt
i,G17 l chn mt phng gia cng XY,G41 l hiu chnh dao bn phi
profin ca chi tit,G00 l chy dao nhanh n im P1 c ta
X=250,Y=550)
N02 G01 Y900 F150 (ni suy ng thng ti im P2 c ta
Y=900,lng chy dao F=150mm/pht,ta X vn gi nguyn)
N03 X450(tip tc ni suy ng thng ti im P3 c ta l X=450)
N04 G03 X500 Y1150(ni suy cung trn ngc chiu kim ng h ti im
P4 c ta X=500,Y=1150,bn knh cung trn R=650)
N05 G02 X900 R250 (ni suy cung trn theo chiu kim ng h ti im P5
c ta X=900,bn knh cung trn c du (-)v R =250)
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118 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

Nguyn Vn Thn Phm Th Thy

n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

N06 G03 X950 Y900 R650 (ni suy cung trn ngc chiu kim ng h ti
im P6 c ta X=950,Y=900,R=650)
N07 G01 X1150 (ni suy ng thng ti im P7 c ta X=1150)
N08 Y550 (ni suy ng thng ti im P8 c ta Y=550)
N09 X700 Y650(ni suy ng thng ti im P9 c ta X=700,Y=650)
N10 X250 Y500(ni suy ng thng ti im P10 c ta X=250,Y=500)
N11 G00 G40 X0 Y0 Z0(G40 l hy b lnh hiu chnh dao v chy nhanh
v im O theo lnh G00)
12.10.3/Lp trnh khoan.
Hnh 6.14 l chi tit c khoan 4 l 10,chiu su l l 10 mm.Chng
trnh gia cng theo th t l t 1 n l th 4 c vit nh sau:
N80 T1 M06(tn chng trnh,thay dao hin c bng dao T1)
N01 G81 R2 Z-10 F200 S2500 M03(G81 l chu k khoan,R2 l khong cch
t mi khoan ti b mt gia cng,Z=-10 l chiu su
khoan,F=200mm/pht,S=2500 vng/pht,M03 l trc chnh quay theo chiu
kim ng h)
N02 G97 X20 Y10 Z-10(G97 l chu k khoan,l th nht c ta
X=20,Y=10,Z=-10)
N03 G79 X40 (l th 2 c ta X=40,Y=10)
N04 G79 Y30 (l th 2 c ta X=40,Y=30)
N05 G79 X20 (l th 2 c ta X=0,Y=30)
12.11/Lp trnh gia cng b mt i xng kiu hnh nh qua gng.
Khi lp trnh gia cng cc b mt i xng vi kiu hnh nh qua gng ch
cn i du cc ta .Nu ta i du cc ta X x c b mt i xng
qua trc Y,cn nu i du ta Y th s c b mt i xng qua trc X)
Ta thy gc phn t th nht im P1c ta X,Y dng.Nu ta i du
ta X thnh X-1 .Ta c im P2 i xng qua trc Y .T im P2 nu ta
i du qua ta Y ta c im P3 c ta X,Y m.T im P3 nu ta
i du ta X ta c im P4 i xng qua Y
H CNC n-432 ca hng MAHO gii thiu chng trnh gia cng b mt
ny nh sau:
%PM(chng trnh chi tit)
N900(k hiu chng trnh)
N01 G17 S400 T1 M06(b mt gia cng XY,S=400vongf/pht,thay dao hin
c bng dao T1)
N02 G54 (xc nh im gc phi)
N03 G98 X-130 Y-50 Z-20 I260 J150 K30(xc nh ca s phi theo
G98,I,J,K l kch thc ca s:120+10=130;65+10=75)
N04 G99 X-120 Y-65 Z-20 I240 J130 K20(xc nh bin dng chi tit theo
G99)
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119 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

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n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

N05 G00 X55 Y45 Z2 M03(chy dao nhanh ti im c ta


X=55,Y=45,Z=2 ,dao quay theo chiu kim ng h)
N06 G01 Z-5 F50 (n dao xung chiu su Z=-5,F=50mm/pht)
N07 G43 Y55 F100(hiu chnh dao dng ti im c Y=55,
F=100mm/pht)
N08 G42 X105(hiu chnh dao bn phi ti im c X=105)
N09 Y10(tip tc G42 ti im c Y=10)
N10 X75(tip tc G42 ti im c X=75)
N11 Y30(tip tc G42 ti im c Y=30)
N12 X35(tip tc G42 ti im c X=35)
N13 Y10(tip tc G42 ti im c Y=10)
N14 X15(tip tc G42 ti im c X=15)
N15 Y55(tip tc G42 ti im c Y=55)
N16 X55(tip tc G42 ti im c X=55)
N17 G40(hy b hiu chnh kch thc dao)
N18 G73 X-1(chc nng gia cng i xng kiu gng nh qua Y)
N19 G14 (J1) N1=5 N2=17(G14 l chc nng nhc li,(J1) l mt ln nhc
li,N1=5 l bt u nhc li t cu lnh 5 v kt thc cu lnh N2=17)
N20 G73 X-Y-1(i xng qua X)
N21 G14 (J1) N1=5 N2=17(lp li cu lnh N19)
N22 G73 X+1 Y-1 (i xng qua X)
N23 G14 (J1) N1=5 N2=17(lp li cu lnh N19)
N24 G72 (cho cc trc ng thi c cp lnh di xng)
N25 G00 Z50(chy dao nhanh ln trn ti im c Z=50)
N26 M30(kt thc chng trnh)
12.12/Lp trnh c tnh n x dch im chun.
Khi lp trnh c tnh n x dch im chun th cc gi tr cn x dch phi
c gi tr c th .Vic x dch im chun cho php ta lp li chng trnh gia
cng nhiu b mt ging nhau ti cc v tr bt k trn chi tit gia cng .Hnh
6.17 l v d gia cng 5 hc hnh ch U trn chi tit cc v tr khc
nhau,trong cung trn c xoay 1 gc 30 0.
Chng trnh gia cng 5 hc ni trn c vit v gii thch nh sau:
%PM(chng trnh chi tit)
N9008(k hiu chng trnh)
N01 G17 S400 M06(mt gia cng l XY ,S=400 vng/pht,thay dao hin ti
bng dao soos1)
N02 G54(xc nh im gc phi)
N03 G98 X-10 Y-10 Z-20 I260 J215 K30(xc nh ca s phi)
N04 G99 X0 Y0 Z-20 I240 J195 K20(xc nh bin dng chi tit)
N05 G00 X55 Y45 Z2 M03(chy dao nhanh ti im c ta
X=55,Y=45,Z=2,theo chiu kim ng h)
N06 G01 Z-5 F50 (n dao xung chiu su Z=-5 ,F=50mm/pht)
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120 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

N07 G43 Y55 F100(hiu chnh dao dng p sut b mt gia cng ti im
Y=55,F=100 mm/pht)
N08 G42 X105 (dao ct bn phi ti im X=105)
N09 Y10(tip tc G42 ti im Y=10)
N10 X75(tip tc G42 ti im X=75)
N11 Y30(tip tc G42 ti im Y=30)
N12 X35(tip tc G42 ti im X=35)
N13 Y10 (tip tc G42 ti im Y=10)
N14 X15(tip tc G42 ti im X=15)
N15 Y55 (tip tc G42 ti im Y=55)
N16 X55 (tip tc G42 ti im X=55)
N17 G40 (hy b hiu dng chnh kch thc dao)
N18 G92 Y55 (G92 l dch chuyn im chun theo kch thc tng i
dc trc Y ti im Y=55)
N19 G14 (J2) N1=5 N2=18 (G14 l nhc li (J2) l nhc li ln 2 v gia cng
hai hc trn ,N1=5 l bt u t cu lnh 5 v kt thc N2=18)
N20 G93 X120 Y130(dch chuyn theo kch thc tuyt i vi chc nng
G93 vi im c X=120,Y=130)
N21 G14 (J2) N1=5 N2=17(nhc li mt ln t cu lnh 5 n cu lnh 17
gia cng hc pha trn bn phi)
N22 G93 X145 Y10 B4=30(G93 l chc nng dch chuyn im chun theo
kch thc tuyt i ti im c ta X=145,Y=10 v c goc xoay B4=300)
N23 G14(J1) N1=5 N2=17(lp li cu lnh N210
N24 G00 Z50 (chy dao nhanh ln trn ti im c Z=50)
N5 M30(kt thc chng trnh)
12.13/Lp trnh c tnh n phng to thu nh.
Hng MAHO ca Cng Ha Lin Bang c gii thiu phng php lp
trnh c tnh n phng to ,thu nh khi cn gia cng nhng b mt tng t
nhng vi kch thc nh,ln khc nhau.Hnh 6.18 l mt v d lp trnh c
phng to v thu nh kch thc.
Chng trnh gia cng c vit nh sau:
%PM(chng trnh chi tit)
N9010(k hiu chng trnh)
N01 G54 (xc nh im gc phi)
N02 G17 S400 T1 M06(b mt gia cng l XY,S=400 vng/pht,thay dao
c T1)
N03 G98 X-10 Y-10 Z-20 I315 J135 K30(xc nh ca s phi)
N04 G99 X0 Y0 Z-20 I295 J115 K20(xc nh bin dng chi tit)
..
iu khin CNC-423 ca hng MAHO dng tham s E thay th cc gi
tr s,h iu khin TNC360 lp trnh trc tip trn my vi dng ngn ng
lp trnh HEIDENHAIN(cng c th lp trnh ISO hoc DIN )dng tham s
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121 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Q thay th cc gi tr s,h iu khin SINUMERRIK 8M ca hng


SIEMENS dng cc tham s t R00 n R49 thay th cc gi tr s,cn
Nga ngi ta li dng cc k hiu # vi 3 4 ch s thay th cc gi tr
s,chng hn #6077=280mm/pht.
Khi lp trnh tham s th cc gi tr ca tham s phi c xc nh trc v
cc gi tr s c nm phn u ca chng trnh.
Khi lp trnh tham s c ng dng khi gia cng cc chi tit tng t v
mt hnh hc.Qu trnh gia cng tng t nh vy cho php th hin dng
nhng chu k cng m ngi ta gi l Macro.Hnh 6.19 l v d gia cng theo
chng trnh cc chi tit tng t v mt hnh hc.
Di y l v d lp trnh tham s dng h iu khin CNC432 hng
MAHO cho chi tit a(hnh 6.19a).Hnh 6.20 l dng c th ha cc kch
thc ca chi tit c lp trnh.
%PM(chng trnh chi tit)
N9011(k hiu chng trnh)
N01 G17 S800 T1 M06(khoan 8)(mt gia cng XY,S=800 vng /pht,thay
dao hin c bng dao T1)
N02 G54(xc nh im gc phi)
N03 G98 X0 Y0 Z-20 I220 J180 K30(xc nh ca s phi)
N04 G99 X0 Y0 Z-20 I200 J160 K20(xc nh bin dng phi)
N05
E1=2;E2=15;E3=100;E4=80;E5=0;E6=60;E7=20,5;E8=8;E9=316;E10=50(c
c gi tr ca tham s E)
N06 G81 Y=E1 Z=E2 F=E10 M03(khong ch an ton l E1,chiu su
khoan l 15,F=50mm/pht,dao phay quay theo chiu kim ng h)
N07 G77 X=E3 Y=E4 Z=E5 R=E6 I=E7 J=E8 K=E9(G77 gi l chu k
khoan,X=100,Y=80,Z=0,bn knh R=60,gc I=20,50,ng knh l J=8,gc
K=3100)
N08 G00 Z50(chy dao ln trn ti im c Z=50)
N09 M30(kt thc chng trnh)
6.15/Lp trnh tham s vi cc php tnh ton hc.
1.%PM-chng trnh chnh hay chng trnh chi tit.
N9013(k hiu chng trnh)
N01 G17(b mt gia cng l XY)
N02 G54 (xc nh im gc phi)
N03 G98 X-10 Y-10 Z-20 I220 J160 K30(xc nh ca s phi)
N04 G99 X0 Y0 Z-20 I200 J140 K20(gc ta c X=0,Y=0,Z=-20,chi tit
c kch thc di I=200,rng J=140 v cao K=20)
N05 G22 N9801(k hiu chng trnh Macro phay)
N06 G22 N9802(k hiu chng trnh Macro khoan)
N07 G93 Y75(x dch ta theo kch thc tuyt i vi Y=75)
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122 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

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n tt nghip

Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

N08 G22 N9801(k hiu chng trnh Macro phay)


N09 G93 X180 Y10 B4=90(x dch ta theo kch thc tuyt i ti im
c X=180,Y=10 v quay gc B4=900)
N10 G22 N9801(k hiu chng trnh Macro phay)
N11 G22 N9802 (k hiu chng trnh Macro khoan)
N12 G93 B4=0(ta khng xoay)
N13 G93 X0 Y0 (tr v ta ti im X=0,Y=0)
N14 G00 X0 Y0(chy dao nhanh)
N15 G53 M30(kt thc chng trnh)
2.%MM-chng trnh Macro phay.
N9801 (k hiu chng trnh)
N01 S400 T1 M06 (S=400 vng /pht,dao phay T1c =16)
N02 G00 X55 Y45 Z2 M03(chy dao nhanh ti im X=55,Y=45,Z=2 theo
chiu kim ng h)
N03 G01 Z-5 F50 (ct xoongs su Z=5,F=50 mm/pht)
N04 G43 Y55 F100(ct theo trc Y ti im c Y=55,F=100 mm/pht)
N05 G42 X105(ct bn phi ti im c X=105)
N06 Y10(tip tc G42 ti im Y=10)
N07 Y75 (tip tc G42 ti im Y=75)
N08 Y30 (tip tc G42 ti im Y=30)
N09 X35 (tip tc G42 ti im X=35)
N10 Y10 (tip tc G42 ti im Y=10)
N11 X15(tip tc G42 ti im X=15)
N12 Y55(tip tc G42 ti im Y=55)
N13 X55(tip tc G42 ti im X=55)
N14 G40(hy b lnh hiu chnh kch thc dao)
N15 G00 Z50(chy dao nhanh ti im Z=50)
3.%MM(k hiu chng trnh)
N9802 (k hiu chng trnh)
N01 S800 T2 M66 (S=800 vng/pht,thay dao,dao khoan T2 c =6)
N02 G81 Y2 Z-10 M03(gi chu k khoan,dao v tr c Y=2 ,Z=-10,lng
chy dao F=50m/pht v quay theo chiu kim ng h)
N03 G79 X25 Y209 Z-5(gi chu k G79 vi ta X=25;Y=20;Z=-5)
N04 G79 Y45(tip tc G79 ti im Y=45)
N05 G79 X83(tip tc G79 ti im X=83)
N06 G79 X79(tip tc G79 ti im X=79)
N07 G79 Y20(tip tc G79 ti im Y=20)
N08 G79 X83(tip tc G79 ti im X=83)
N09 G00 Z50(chy dao nhanh ti im Z=50)

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123 SVTH: Hong Tun Anh - Nguyn Vn Chin

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Thit k quy trnh cng ngh ch to chi tit tay bin D165

Kt lun
Tay bin D165 l mt chi tit c phc tp tng i,v vy quy trnh
cng ngh gia cng n cng kh nh gn .Cc ny dng c,cc loi
dao c s dng trong qu trnh thit k n quen thuc vi
ngnh c kh Vit Nam.Chng ta cng lm c cc b g ,vi yu
cu k thut nh trong n ny.
Trong ,vn vt liu ch to g,cng ngh to phi bng
phng php dp nng hon ton c Vit Nam.V d nh nh my
Diesel Sng Cng hng nm vn tip tc c t hng v sn xut
thnh cng loi tay bin ca cc loi ng c khc.
n vn dng ti a nn tng cc my mc v uqan im gia cng
truyn thng.tuy nhin c vn dng quan im tch cc v ti u
hin i trong vic sp xp,b tr cc nguyn cng v thit k g g
thch hp.Cc phng n chn g v trnh t thit k nguyn cng
trong n ny s c bn ng dng hu ch khi a vo cc dy
chuyn sn xut t ng,gia cng trn cc my ct gt CNC.
Qu trnh thit k s dng sch gio khoa chuyn ngnh Ch To
My,chuyn ngnh lin quan,cc s tay thit k,ti liu kinh nghim
KBHN.Cc ti liu hc tp,cng s hng dn tn tnh chu o

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