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Introduction of Boiler, Turbine and Generator Lecture # 1 Mujahid Mehdi Abro Indus University Process Boiler What is boiler? Steam boiler or simply a boiler is basically a closed vessel into which water is heated until the water is converted into steam at required pressure. This is most basic definition of boiler. Purpose of boilers  For generating power in steam engines or steam turbines  In textile industries for sizing and bleaching  For heating the buildings in cold weather and for producing hot water for hot water supply Types of Boiler: There are two types of boiler : 1. Water tube 2. Fire tube Turbine Turbines – An Introduction A turbine is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work, namely electricity. Classification of turbines Classification of turbines based on working fluid: 1. Hydraulic turbines 2. Wind turbine 3. Steam turbines 4. Gas turbines Hydraulic turbines When the working fluid is water turbines are called hydraulic turbines or hydroturbines. Wind turbine When working fluid is air, and energy is extracted from the wind, the machine is called wind turbine. steam turbines When the working fluid is steam, turbines are called steam turbines. Gas turbines A more generic name for turbines that employ a compressible gas as the working fluid is gas turbines. Generator Introduction to Generators • The device which converts mechanical energy to electrical energy is called generator MEHANICAL ENERGY GENERATOR ELECTRICAL ENERGY Types of Electric Generators According to output generators are of two as AC generators and DC generators. Electric generators types depend on the type of generating equipment employed, the electrical energy produced is either direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC).