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TABLE OF RESULTS

Before crystallization

Mass of benzoic acid + Sulfur

= 1.00 g

Mass of benzoic acid

= 0.4 g

Mass of distilled water

15 ml

0.000001 m3 1000 kg 1000 g

=15 g
1 ml
m3
1kg

After crystallization:
Mass of filter paper

= 1.33 g

Mass of crystals + filter paper

= 1.67 g

Mass crystals (Benzoic acid)

= 0.34 g

yield of crystals=

mass of benzoic acid obtained after crystallization


100
mass of benzoic acid before crystallization

yield of crystals=

0.34
100
0.4

yield of crystals=85

MH20 = 0

1 g C7H6O2
0.4 C7H6O2 wt
%
0.6 Sulfur wt
15g H2O
(liquid)
Overall:

M C7H6O2
(crystal) =?
M H20 + M Sulfur

feed=product
15g + 1g = M C7H6O2 (crystal) + M H2O + (M H20 + M Sulfur)

Species balance (Benzoic acid):


15(0) + 1(0.4) = M C7H6O2 (crystal) + 0
M C7H6O2 (crystal) = 0.4

Theoretical yield
According to Seidell et al (1952), solubility of benzoic acid in water at 100C is 56.31g/L.
Therefore, if 1000 ml of distilled water can dissolved 56.31g of Benzoic acid. Then:

15 ml
56.31 g=0.84 g of benzoic acid(crystal)
1000 ml

It shows that 100% of 0.4 g benzoic acid is completely dissolved.

yield of crystals=

mass of benzoic acid obtained theoretically


100
mass of benzoic before crystallization

yield of crystals=

0.4 g
100 =100
0.4 g

Yield=

Actual Yield
100
Theoretical Yield

Yield=

85
100
100

Yield=85
Sidell. A, Linke. W. F (1952). Solubilities of Inorganic and Organic Compounds. Van Nostrand.