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Statistics

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the amount of money spent by its female charge customers differs, on average, from the amount

spent by its male charge customers.

To answer this question, an analyst collected random samples of 25 female customers and 22

male customers. Based on these samples, on average, the 25 women charge customers spent

$102.23 and the 22 men charge customers spent $86.46. Moreover, the sample standard

deviation of the amount charged by the 25 women was $93.393, and the sample standard

deviation of the amount charged by the 22 men was $59.695.

Using the procedure advocated by Bluman, at the 10% level of significance, is there sufficient

evidence for Q-Mart to conclude that, on average, the amount spent by women charge customers

differs from the amount spent by men charge customers.

A.Yes, the test value does not exceed the critical value

B.No, the test value does not exceed the critical value.

Answer Key: B

0.0/ 1.0 Points

Question 2 of 17

cholesterol. As part of this trial, they wish to determine whether there is a difference between the

effectiveness for women and for men. Assume = 0.05. What is the test value?

Women

Men

Sample size

50

80

Mean effect

6.95

Sample variance

A.z = 0.081

B.t = 0.151

Answer Key: B

Feedback: This is a t-test of independent samples. To compue the test value t use:

Question 3 of 17

random sample of 145 assemblies from team 1 shows 15 unacceptable assemblies. A similar

random sample of 125 assemblies from team 2 shows 8 unacceptable assemblies.

Is there sufficient evidence to conclude, at the 10% significance level, that the two teams differ

with respect to their proportions of unacceptable assemblies?

D.No, since the test value does not exceed the critical value

Answer Key: D

Part 2 of 8 -

Question 4 of 17

Data for a sample of 25 apartments in a particular neighborhood are provided in the worksheet

Apartments in the Excel workbook Apartments.xlsx. Using that data, find the estimated

regression equation which can be used to estimate the monthly rent for apartments in this

neighborhood using size as the predictor variable.

Apartments.xlsx

B.

177.12 + 1.065(size)

Question 5 of 17

In a simple linear regression analysis, the following sum of squares are produced:

= 400

= 80

= 320

The proportion of the variation in Y that is explained by the variation in X is:

B.80%

Question 6 of 17

The marketing manager of a large supermarket chain would like to use shelf space to predict the

sales of pet food. For a random sample of 12 similar stores, she gathered the following

information regarding the shelf space, in feet, devoted to pet food and the weekly sales in

hundreds of dollars. .

Store

Shelf Space

Weekly Sales

1

5

1.6

2

5

2.2

3

5

1.4

4

10

1.9

5

10

2.4

6

10

2.6

Store

Shelf Space

Weekly Sales

7

15

2.3

8

15

2.7

9

15

2.8

10

20

2.6

11

20

2.9

12

20

3.1

Is the correlation between weekly sales and shelf space significant at the .01 level of significance?

A.Yes, the p-value of the test for significance is less than .01.

Question 7 of 17

A linear regression analysis produces the equation

y = 5.32 + (-0.846)x

Which of the following statements must be true?

B.As x increases, y decreases, and the correlation coefficient must be negative.

C.As x increases, y increases, and the correlation coefficient must be positive.

D.As x increases, y increases, and the correlation coefficient must be negative.

Answer Key: B

1.0/ 1.0 Points

Question 8 of 17

The city of Oakdale wishes to see if there is a linear relationship between the temperature and the

amount of electricity used (in kilowatts). Based on the data in the table below, is there a

significant linear relationship between temperature and the amount of electricity used? These

data are also available in the worksheet temperature in the Excel workbook Temperature.xlsx.

Temperature.xlsx

Temperature (x)

73

78

85

98

93

81

76

105

Kilowatts (y)

680

760

910

1510

1170

837

600

1800

A.Yes, the sample correlation coefficient is equal to 0.981, which provides evidence of

a significant linear relationship.

B.No, the sample correlation coefficient is equal to 0.981, which does not provide

evidence of a significant linear relationship.

C.No, the sample correlation coefficient is equal to 0.098, which does not provide

evidence of a significant linear relationship.

D.Yes, the sample correlation coefficient is equal to 0.878, which provides evidence of

a significant linear relationship.

Answer Key: A

Part 3 of 8 -

Question 9 of 17

Accepted characters:

A field researcher is gathering data on the trunk diameters of mature pine and spruce trees in a

certain area. The following are the results of his random sampling. Can he conclude, at the 0.10

level of significance, that the average trunk diameter of a pine tree is greater than the average

diameter of a spruce tree?

Pine trees

Spruce trees

Sample size

20

30

45

39

Sample variance

100

150

Test value:

Critical value:

Feedback: This is a t-test of independent samples. Use the formula for the t test value on page

480:

Using Table F (df = 19, alpha = 0.10, one-tail test) the critical t-value is 1.328.

Part 4 of 8 -

Question 10 of 17

provided in the worksheet Apartments in the Excel workbook Apartments.xlsx. Using the

estimated regression equation found by using size as the predictor variable, find a point estimate

for the average monthly rent for apartments having 1,000 square feet of space. Place your

answer, rounded to the nearest whole dollar, in the blank. 1242 When entering your answer

do not use any labels or symbols. Simply provide the numerical value. For example, 123 would

be a legitimate entry.

Apartments.xlsx

Answer Key: 1237|1247

Question 11 of 17

Accepted charactersA company has observed that there is a linear relationship between indirect

labor expense (ILE) , in dollars, and direct labor hours (DLH). Data for direct labor hours and

indirect labor expense for 18 months are given in the file ILE_and_DLH.xlsx

Treating ILE as the response variable, use regression to fit a straight line to all 18 data points. What values for

the intercept (a) and slope (b) do you obtain?

Place your answers, rounded to 3 decimal places, in the blanks provided. Do not use any stray punctuation marks.

For example, 34.567 would be a legitimate entry.

intercept (a) = 52.226

slope(b) = 15.264

Part 5 of 8 -

Question 12 of 17

Accepted characters: Q-Mart is interested in comparing its male and female customers. Q-Mart

would like to know if the amount of money spent by its female charge customers differs, on

average, from the amount spent by its male charge customers. To answer this question, an

analyst collected random samples of 25 female customers and 22 male customers.

Based on these samples, on average, the 25 women charge customers spent $102.23 and the 22

men charge customers spent $86.46. Moreover, the sample standard deviation of the amount

charged by the 25 women was $93.393, and the sample standard deviation of the amount

charged by the 22 men was $59.695.

Suppose, using a 10% level of significance, you wish to know if there is sufficient evidence for

Q-Mart to conclude that, on average, the amount spent by women charge customers differs from

the amount spent by men charge customers. That is suppose you wish to test

H0:

versus H1:

Assuming that the amounts spent by male and female charge customers at Q-Mart are normally

distributed, based on the procedure advocated by Bluman, what is the test value that you would

use to conduct this test of hypothesis? Place your answer, rounded to 3 decimal places, in the

blank. For example, 0.123 would be a legitimate entry. 0.698

Answer Key: 0.698

Question 13 of 17

Accepted characters:

Are America's top chief executive officers (CEOs) really worth all that money? One way to

answer this question is to look at the annual company percentage increase in revenue versus the

CEO's annual percentage salary increase in that same company. Suppose that a random sample

of companies yielded the following data:

percent change for

15 12 3 12 28 6 8 2

corporation

percent change for CEO

6 17 -4 12 32 -1 7 2

Do these data indicate that the population mean percentage increase in corporate revenue is

greater than the population mean percentage increase in CEO salary? Use a 5% level of

significance. What is the p-value associated with this test of hypothesis? Place your answer,

rounded to 3 decimal places, in the blank. For example, 0.134 would be a legitimate entry.

0.643

Answer Key: 0.173

Part 6 of 8 -

Question 14 of 17

Accepted characters:

Researchers conducted an experiment to measure the effect of a drug on improving the quality

of sleep as determined by how many more minutes of REM sleep were measured for each

participant. One group of participants were given the experimental drug; the other (control)

group was given a placebo. Does the evidence indicate that the drug improved the amount of

REM sleep at a 0.01 level of significance? Answer each of the following parts.

sample size

mean sleep

improvement

sample variance

Experimental

group

35

Control

group

50

12.8

9.1

56.3

61.2

Answer:

Answer:

1. There is sufficient evidence to show that the experimental drug improved the quality of sleep.

2. There is not sufficient evidence to show that the experimental drug improved the quality of

sleep.

3. There is sufficient evidence to show that the quality of sleep is different for the experimental

drug than for the control drug.

4. There is not sufficient evidence to show that the control drug decreased the quality of sleep.

Answer:

Feedback: This is a t-test of independent samples. Use the formula on page 480 to compute the

t test value:

This is a right-tail test with test value t = 2.198423 and df = 34 (using the smaller sample size).

The P-value is 0.0174 using TDIST(2.1983423,34,1) or the Critical Values workbook.

Because the P-value is greater than alpha (0.01), there is not sufficient evidence to show that the

experimental drug improved the quality of sleep.

Question 16 of 17

A simple linear regression equation is given by y' = 5 + 3x. The predicted value of Y when X = 3

is 5.

False

Question 17 of 17

In a simple regression analysis, if the standard error of estimate sest = 15 and the number of

observations n = 10, then the sum of the residuals squared must be 120.

False

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