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01

02/06/06 REVISED AS PER LAYOUT

No.

DATE

REMARKS

CHKD

APPD

REVISION

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ECC - Division EDRC
PROJECT :

LAKSHYA

PACKAGE :
TITLE :
765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE CALCULATION
-EQUIPMENT

SCALE

SIGN

DATE

DSND

VTN

03/03/06

DRWN

CHKD

SSV

06/03/06

APPD

AKS

07/03/06

DRG.No.

CODE

REV.
01

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DATE
2/21/2016

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

DESIGN CALCULATION

SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE CALCULATION

SHEET

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

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DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

DATE
2/21/2016

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

CALCULATIONS ARE BASED ON IEC Std 865-1(1993)


1.0.0

SYSTEM PARAMETERS

1.1.1

System Voltage

132

kV

1.1.2

Frequency

50

Hz

1.1.3

Fault level

Isc

31.5

kA

(As per Tech Spec CH


-E0, Clause 5.00.00 e)

1.1.4

Duration of fault

Tfd

(As per Tech Spec CH


-E0, Clause 5.00.00 e)

2.0.0

ENVIRONMENTAL DETAILS

2.1.5

Acceleration due to gravity

gn

9.81

m/s2

3.0.0

OTHER DETAILS

3.1.1

Distance between supports (Maximum span)

3.1.3

Phase to Phase spacing of conductor

2.50

3.1.4

Width of Girder

Wg

3.1.5

Sub Conductor spacing

as

3.1.6

Sub-Conductor span (Spacer distance)

ls

3.1.7

Length of Insulator String

li

(Maximum Span allowable


by IEC-865-I)
Layout Drawing
vtn:

m 0 for Equipment

(Assumed )

(As per Tech Spec CH


-E0, Clause 1.01.09)

(Assumed)

(47 discs)
vtn:

m 0 for Equipment

3.1.8

Static Tensile Force per phase at Min. Temperature

Z0

Static Tensile Force per phase at Max. Temperature

40

kg

392.4

30

kg

294

(Sag Tension Calcultion)

(Sag Tension Calcultion)

3.1.9

Resultant Spring constant of both supports of one span

100000

N/m

(As per IEC 865-1(1993)Page 41)

3.1.10

Material Constant

Cth

0.27E-18

m4/A2s

(As per IEC 865-1(1993)Page 45)

4.0.0

CONDUCTOR DATA

4.1.1

Type of conductor

ACSR

Code name

COWSLIP

a)

Cross sectional area of conductor

As

0.001013

b)

Aluminium area (if ACSR)

Aa

#REF!

c)

Overall Diameter

d)

Unit weight of conductor

e)

Modulus of Elasticity of conductor

(As per Tech Spec CH


-E12, Clause 2.00.00 )

sq.m

ds

41.41

mm

m's

2.791

kg/m

6.73E+10

N/m2

(Typical Data)

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DOCUMENT NO

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

Cord length of main conductor in the span

Hence No. of Runs

DATE
2/21/2016

Lc

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

L -(2li + Wg)

4.00 - (2*0.000 + 0.0)

4.00

SHEET

m
1

------->(7.4a)

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

8.0.0

SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE CALCULATION

8.0.1

METHODOLOGY AND ASSUMPTIONS

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

. The calculation is based on IEC 865 PART-1 1993


. The effect of Short Circuit Force has been considered to be on the gantries having Strung bus within the Substation to cater for extreme
operational situations.

. Temperature rise due to Short Circuit and the subsequent reduction in tension to this effect is neglected.
. The equations apply for span length upto approximately 60m
8.0.2

Short circuit force is the maximum of the following


a)

Tensile force during (Ft) Short Circuit

b)

Tensile force (Ff) after Short Circuit caused by drop (Drop force)

c)

Tensile force Fpicaused by Pinch effect

- Not applicable for Single run

CALCULATION
8.1.0

Tensile force during (Ft) Short Circuit

8.1.1

Electromagnetic Force / Unit Length (F' )


F'

0.75 (I"K3)2 Lc
2a

8.1.2

(Pg-39)
L

4 * 10-7 * 0.75 * 31500 *4.00 / ( 2*2.5*4.00)

59.54

N/m

The Parameter r is:


r

F'

(Pg-39)

n * m's * gn

8.1.3

59.54 / (1*2.791*9.81)

2.1744

arctan( r )

arctan(2.1744)

1.1397

radians

65.30

degrees

n * m's * gn * L2

The Direction of Resulting force (d1) is


d1

8.1.4

(Pg-39)

The Equivalent static conductor sag at midpoint (bc)


bc

(Pg-39)

8 Fst

8.1.5

(1 *2.791 *9.81 *4.00) / (8 *392)

0.14

The Period of the conductor oscillations (T)


T

0.8 *bc
gn

(Pg-39)

7 of 89

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

2 * (0.8*0.140 / 9.81)

0.67

secs

SHEET

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DOCUMENT NO

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

Resulting period of the conductor oscillation during short circuit (Tres)


Tres

T
d1

1+r2 1-2

64

8.1.7

DATE
2/21/2016

(Pg-41)
2

90o

0.67/((1+2.1744)^0.25*(1-/64*(65.30/90))

0.47

secs

5.00E+07

N/m2

392.4 /( 1*0.001013)

Actual Young's Modulus (Es)


As per IEC 865-1(1993)- Eqn 27

sfin
Fst / n As

3.87E+05
Actual Young's modulus

Es

(Pg-41)

N/m2

E 0.3+0.7 sin

Fst *90o
n As dfin

for Fst < fin


nAs
for Fst > fin

nAs

8.1.8

6.73E+10*(0.3+0.7*sin(392.4*90/(1*0.001013*5.00E+7))

2.08E+10

Stiffness Norms (N)


N

SL

8.1.9

(Pg-41)

n Es As

1/ (100000*4.00 ) + 1/(1 *2.08E+10 *0.001013)

2.55E-06

( n gn m's L )2

1/N

Stress Factor (d)


d

24 (Fst)3

8.1.10

N/m2

(Pg-41)

(1.0* 9.81 * 2.791 *4.00) / ( 24 *392 *2.55E-06)

3.2468

Swing out angle at the end of short circuit flow(dk)


Fault Clearing time

Tfc

sec

0.4T

0.268

sec

Tk1

Tk1/Tres

Minimum (Tfc ,0.4T)

Minimum(1,0.268)

0.268

0.27/0.47

0.5686

d1 ( 1- cos (360o Tk1/Tres))

(Assumed)

sec

(Pg-41)
Swing out Angle

dk

for 0 < Tk1/Tres < 0.5

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

2d1
Hence dk

2* 65.30

130.61

SHEET

for Tk1/Tres > 0.5

degrees

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CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

Quantity for maximum Swing out angle ( d )

=
Hence
8.1.12

SHEET

1 - r sin dk

(Pg-43)
for 0 < dk < 90o

1-r

for dk > 90o

1-2.174

d = -1.1744

Maximum Swing out angle ( dm )

(Pg-43)
dm

8.1.13

DATE
2/21/2016

1.25 arccosd

0.766 < d < 1

10 + arc cosd

-0.985 < d < 0.766

180o

d < -0.985

180.00

180.00

0.4716 / 4

0.1179

3(

degrees

The load parameter d is


Tres / 4

secs
(Pg-43)

Tk1 > Tres/ 4

1+r2 - 1)

3(r sin dk + cos dk-1)

8.1.14

3 ((1+2.1744) - 1)

4.1800

Tk1 < Tres / 4

Factor for tensile force in a flexible conductor (d)


Real solution of the following equation gives the value of d

d2 c 3 + w ( 2+d) d

+ (1+2d) d - d (2+d) = 0

(Pg-43)

17.473 + 21.932+7.494-20.065 = 0
Solving the above

8.1.15

0.6691

Ft

Fst (1+ cw)

for n=1

1.1 Fst (1+dd)

for n>2

The tensile force (Ft) due to Short Circuit is

(Pg-43)

Ft

8.2
8.2.1

392.4 (1+4.1800*0.6691)

1490

1.49 KN

1.2 Fst 1 + 8d dm

Tensile force (Ff) after Short Circuit caused by drop (Drop force)
Drop force Ff

(Pg-45)

11 of 89

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DATE
2/21/2016

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV
180o

Ff

1.2 * 392.4 (1+8 *3.2468 * 180.00/180)

2446

2.45 KN

SHEET

12 of 89

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

8.3

Maximum Horizontal span displacement ( bh ) and Minimum air clearance ( amin )

8.3.1

Elastic expansion (Eela)


Eela

8.3.2

DATE
2/21/2016

N (Ft - Fst)

2.55E-6 *(1490 - 392.4)

2.80E-03

SHEET

(Pg-45)

Thermal Expansion (Eth)


Material constant (Cth ) is 0.27*10-18 m4/A2s for Cross section area of Aluminium/Steel > 6
0.17*10-18 m4/A2s for Cross section area of Aluminium/Steel < 6
0.088*10-18 m4/A2s for Cross section area of Copper

Thermal Expansion

Cth

Eth

0.27E-18

Cth

m4/A2s

I"K3 Tres/4

(Pg-45)

for Tk1>Tres/4

nAs
Cth

I"K3 Tk1

for Tk1<Tres/4

nAs

8.3.3

0.27E-18*(31500/(1*0.001013))*0.47/4

3.08E-05

Dilation Factor (CD)


CD

1+3
8

8.3.4

(Eela+Eth)

(Pg-45)

(1+3/8*(4/0.14)*(2.80E-03+3.08E-05))

1.37

1.05

for r < 0.8

0.97+0.1r

for 0.8 < r < 1.8

1.15

for r > 1.8

Form factor (CF)

(Pg-45)
CF

=
=
8.3.5

L
bc

1.15

#REF!

1.15

Maximum Horizontal span displacement ( bh )


(Pg-47)
For slack conductors

For strained Conductors

bh

bh

b h=

CF CD bc

for d m > 90o

CF CD bc sin dm

for dm < 90o

CF CD bc sin d1

for dm > d1

CF CD bc sin dm

for dm < d1

slack
=

1.15*1.37*0.1396*

0.22

#NAME?

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8.3.6

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

DATE
2/21/2016

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

Minimum air clearance ( amin )


amin

a - 2bh

2.5- 2*0.22

2.06

(Pg-47)

#REF!

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

RESULTS
9.0.0

CONDUCTOR SELECTED
a)

Conductor Type

ACSR-COWSLIP

b)

No.of runs

1 run

c)

Minimum Air clearance in m

2.06

d)

Tensile force Ft

1.49 KN

e)

Drop force Ff

2.45 KN

g)

Phase Pull force (Maximum of f,g,h)

2.45 KN

Short Circuit Force of 0.00 KN (0.25T) shall be considered for Tower and Associated Foundation Design.

SHEET

15 of 89

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

16+18 of 89+18

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DOCUMENT NO

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DATE
2/21/2016

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

DESIGN CALCULATION

CONDUCTOR SIZING & SHORT CIRCUIT


FORCE CALCULATION- QUAD MOOSE

SHEET

17+18 of 89+18

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

18+18 of 89+18

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DOCUMENT NO

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DATE
2/21/2016

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

CALCULATIONS ARE BASED ON IEC Std 865-1(1993)


1.0.0

SYSTEM PARAMETERS

1.1.1

System Voltage

132

kV

1.1.2

Frequency

50

Hz

1.1.3

Fault level

Isc

32

kA

(As per Tech Spec CH


-E0, Clause 4.00.00 e)

1.1.4

Duration of fault

Tfd

(As per Tech Spec CH


-E0, Clause 4.00.00 e)

2.0.0

ENVIRONMENTAL DETAILS

2.1.5

Acceleration due to gravity

gn

9.81

m/s2

3.0.0

OTHER DETAILS

3.1.1

Distance between supports (Maximum span)

3.1.3

Phase to Phase spacing of conductor

2.50

3.1.4

Width of Girder

Wg

#NAME?

(Assumed )

3.1.5

Sub Conductor spacing

as

(As per Tech Spec CH


-E0, Clause 1.01.09)

3.1.6

Sub-Conductor span (Spacer distance)

ls

#NAME?

(Assumed)

3.1.7

Length of Insulator String

li

47*0.145+0.2

3.1.8

Static Tensile Force per phase at Min. Temperature

Z0

30.00

kg

294.3

(Assumed)

0
3.1.9

Resultant Spring constant of both supports of one span

100000

N/m

(As per IEC 865-1(1993)Page 41)

3.1.10

Material Constant

Cth

0.27E-18

m4/A2s

(As per IEC 865-1(1993)Page 45)

4.0.0

CONDUCTOR DATA

4.1.1

Type of conductor

ACSR

Code name

COWSLIP

c)

Cross sectional area of conductor

As

#REF!

d)

Aluminium area (if ACSR)

Aa

#REF!

e)

Overall Diameter

f)

Unit weight of conductor

g)

Modulus of Elasticity of conductor

(As per Tech Spec CH


-E12, Clause 2.00.00 )

sq.m

ds

#REF!

mm

m's

#REF!

kg/m

#REF!

N/m2

(Typical Data)

19+18 of 89+18

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DOCUMENT NO

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

Cord length of main conductor in the span

Lc

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

=
=
=

Hence No. of Runs

DATE
2/21/2016

SHEET

L -(2li + Wg)
#NAME?
#NAME?
1

m
------->(7.4a)

20+18 of 89+18

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

8.0.0

SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE CALCULATION

8.0.1

METHODOLOGY AND ASSUMPTIONS

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

. The calculation is based on IEC 865 PART-1 1993


. The effect of Short Circuit Force has been considered to be on the gantries having Strung bus within the Substation to cater for extreme
operational situations.

. Temperature rise due to Short Circuit and the subsequent reduction in tension to this effect is neglected.
. The equations apply for span length upto approximately 60m
8.0.2

Short circuit force is the maximum of the following


a)

Tensile force during (Ft) Short Circuit

b)

Tensile force (Ff) after Short Circuit caused by drop (Drop force)

c)

Tensile force Fpicaused by Pinch effect

- Not applicable for Single run

CALCULATION
8.1.0

Tensile force during (Ft) Short Circuit

8.1.1

Electromagnetic Force / Unit Length (F' )


F'

0.75 (I"K3)2 Lc
2a

=
=
8.1.2

(Pg-39)
L

#NAME?
#NAME?

N/m

The Parameter r is:


r

F'

(Pg-39)

n * m's * gn
=

8.1.3

#NAME?

#REF!

arctan( r )

The Direction of Resulting force (d1) is


d1

8.1.4

(Pg-39)

#REF!

#REF!

radians

#REF!

degrees

n * m's * gn * L2

The Equivalent static conductor sag at midpoint (bc)


bc

(Pg-39)

8 Fst
=

8.1.5

#REF!

#REF!

The Period of the conductor oscillations (T)


T

0.8 *bc
gn

(Pg-39)

21+18 of 89+18

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

=
=

#REF!
#REF!

secs

SHEET

22+18 of 89+18

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8.1.6

DOCUMENT NO

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

Resulting period of the conductor oscillation during short circuit (Tres)


Tres

T
d1

1+r2 1-2

64

8.1.7

DATE
2/21/2016

(Pg-41)
2

90o

#REF!

#REF!

secs

5.00E+07

N/m2

#REF!

Actual Young's Modulus (Es)


As per IEC 865-1(1993)- Eqn 27

sfin
Fst / n As

#REF!
Actual Young's modulus

Es

(Pg-41)

N/m2

E 0.3+0.7 sin

Fst *90o
n As dfin

for Fst < fin


nAs
for Fst > fin

nAs

8.1.8

#REF!

#REF!

Stiffness Norms (N)


N

SL

8.1.9

N/m2

#REF!

#REF!

( n gn m's L )2

1/N

Stress Factor (d)


z

24 (Fst)3
=
=
8.1.10

(Pg-41)

n Es As

(Pg-41)

#REF!
#REF!

Swing out angle at the end of short circuit flow(dk)


Fault Clearing time

Tfc

sec

0.4T

#REF!

sec

Tk1

Tk1/Tres

Minimum (Tfc ,0.4T)

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

d1 ( 1- cos (360o Tk1/Tres))

(Assumed)

sec

(Pg-41)
Swing out Angle

dk

for 0 < Tk1/Tres < 0.5

23+18 of 89+18

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DOCUMENT NO

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765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

2d1
Hence dk

#REF!

#REF!

SHEET

for Tk1/Tres > 0.5

degrees

24+18 of 89+18

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8.1.11

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

Quantity for maximum Swing out angle ( d )

=
Hence
8.1.12

SHEET

1 - r sin dk

(Pg-43)
for 0 < dk < 90o

1-r

for dk > 90o

#REF!

d = #REF!

Maximum Swing out angle ( dm )

(Pg-43)
dm

8.1.13

DATE
2/21/2016

1.25 arccosd

0.766 < d < 1

10 + arc cosd

-0.985 < d < 0.766

180o

d < -0.985

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

3(

degrees

The load parameter d is


Tres / 4

secs
(Pg-43)

Tk1 > Tres/ 4

1+r2 - 1)

3(r sin dk + cos dk-1)


=
=
8.1.14

Tk1 < Tres / 4

#REF!
#REF!

Factor for tensile force in a flexible conductor (d)


Real solution of the following equation gives the value of d

d2 c 3 + w ( 2+d) d

+ (1+2d) d - d (2+d) = 0

(Pg-43)

#REF!
Solving the above

8.1.15

0.6198

Ft

Fst (1+ cw)

for n=1

1.1 Fst (1+dd)

for n>2

The tensile force (Ft) due to Short Circuit is

(Pg-43)

Ft

8.2
8.2.1

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

1.2 Fst 1 + 8d dm

Tensile force (Ff) after Short Circuit caused by drop (Drop force)
Drop force Ff

(Pg-45)

25+18 of 89+18

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PROJECT

TITLE

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

DATE
2/21/2016

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV
180o

Ff

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

SHEET

26+18 of 89+18

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ECC Division - EDRC
PROJECT

TITLE

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

8.3

Maximum Horizontal span displacement ( bh ) and Minimum air clearance ( amin )

8.3.1

Elastic expansion (Eela)


Eela

8.3.2

DATE
2/21/2016

N (Ft - Fst)

#REF!

#REF!

SHEET

(Pg-45)

Thermal Expansion (Eth)


Material constant (Cth ) is 0.27*10-18 m4/A2s for Cross section area of Aluminium/Steel > 6
0.17*10-18 m4/A2s for Cross section area of Aluminium/Steel < 6
0.088*10-18 m4/A2s for Cross section area of Copper

Thermal Expansion

Cth

Eth

0.27E-18

Cth

m4/A2s

I"K3 Tres/4

(Pg-45)

for Tk1>Tres/4

nAs
Cth

I"K3 Tk1

for Tk1<Tres/4

nAs

8.3.3

#REF!

#REF!

1+3

Dilation Factor (CD)


CD

8.3.4

(Eela+Eth)

(Pg-45)

#REF!

#REF!

1.05

for r < 0.8

0.97+0.1r

for 0.8 < r < 1.8

1.15

for r > 1.8

Form factor (CF)

(Pg-45)
CF

=
=
8.3.5

L
bc

#REF!
#REF!

Maximum Horizontal span displacement ( bh )


(Pg-47)
For slack conductors

For strained Conductors

bh

bh

b h=

CF CD bc

for d m > 90o

CF CD bc sin dm

for dm < 90o

CF CD bc sin d1

for dm > d1

CF CD bc sin dm

for dm < d1

slack
=

#REF!

#REF!

27+18 of 89+18

LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED


ECC Division - EDRC
PROJECT

TITLE

8.3.6

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

DATE
2/21/2016

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

Minimum air clearance ( amin )


amin

a - 2bh

#REF!

#REF!

(Pg-47)

28+18 of 89+18

LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED


ECC Division - EDRC
PROJECT

TITLE

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

DATE
2/21/2016

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

Tensile force Fpicaused by Pinch effect

8.4

Pinch force shall be ignored if the sub-conductors of the bundle said to clash effectively. For effective Clashing following conditions shall be satisfied
as/ds < 2.0 and ls > 50as

(Pg-47)

as/ds < 2.5 and ls > 70as


as/ds

#REF!

ls/as

#NAME?

n1

#REF!
8.4.1

Factors n1,

8.4.1.1

Factor d1

d2 & d3 for calculating Fpi

(as-ds) m's

mo

sin 180o

(Pg-49)
(n-1)
as

2n

n
=

I"k3

50

#REF!

sin(180/1)

(4.10-7/2*(31500/1) *(1-1)/0

0.00

1.02+0.98e-3(R/X)

1.81

-2f

ln k-1.02

0.98

Factor d2

8.4.1.2

Peak factor (k)


k

( As per pg 47 of IEC:909)
Assuming X/R = 14

Time constant (d)


1 /d

-2 *50/3*ln((1.81-1.02)/0.98)

22.44

0.045

arctan(2fd)

arctan (2*50*0.045)

1.50

(Pg-109)

Factor (g)

n2

n1

= fTpi d2

(Pg-109)

(Pg-109)

Solving d2 from the above two equations

8.4.1.3

n2

n3

0.0000

Factor d3
ds/as
sin(180/n)

(as/ds-1)
tan-1(as/ds-1)

(Pg-111)

29+18 of 89+18

LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED


ECC Division - EDRC
PROJECT

TITLE

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

#REF!
#REF!

0.0000

SHEET

30+18 of 89+18

LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED


ECC Division - EDRC
PROJECT

TITLE

8.4.2

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

(n-1) mo I"k3

ls

d2
as

(Pg-49)

n3

#NAME?

0.00

1.5 Fst ls2 N

Strain Factors Est and Epi

est

(as-ds)

epi

The Parameter

(Pg-49)

(Pg-49)

#NAME?

0.375nFd ls3N

#REF!

#NAME?

(Epi/(1+Est))

#NAME?

sin 180
n

j
j

=
0

sin 180

#REF!

(as-ds)3

8.4.4

SHEET

Short circuit current force between conductors in a bundle(Fn)


Fd

8.4.3

DATE
2/21/2016

#NAME?

(Pg-49)

31+18 of 89+18

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ECC Division - EDRC
PROJECT

TITLE

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

32+18 of 89+18

LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED


ECC Division - EDRC
PROJECT

TITLE

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

DATE
2/21/2016

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

8.4.5

Tensile force in case of non clashing of conductors

8.4.5.1

Factor h for calculating Fpi

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

ya

asw

1/2*(as-d*(as-ds))

SHEET

(Pg-53)

as 2ya/as

((1-2yaas)/(2yaas))

sin 180o

arctan((1-2yaas)/(2yaas))

(Pg-53)

n
fh

h3 +dst h - dpi fh =
Solving for

asd3/asw

(Pg-53)
0 < h< 1

(Pg-53)

d
h

n4

#NAME?

Factors n4 & de for calculating Fpi

8.4.5.2

h (as-ds)

(Pg-51)

as-d(as-ds)
=

ne

1 + 9.n(n-1).do I"k3 2.N .d2. ls


2

8.4.5.3

#NAME?

#NAME?

2 n

as-ds

.(sin (180/n)4) 1-arctan(d4) - 1

d4

#NAME?

1/2

(Pg-51)

Tensile Force (Fpi)


For value of j < 1, as per IEC Pinch Force is calculated by the below formula
Fpi

Fst(1+de/Est *

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

d2))

(Pg-51)

33+18 of 89+18

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ECC Division - EDRC
PROJECT

TITLE

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

34+18 of 89+18

LARSEN & TOUBRO LIMITED


ECC Division - EDRC
PROJECT

TITLE

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

RESULTS
9.0.0

CONDUCTOR SELECTED
a)

Conductor Type

ACSR-COWSLIP

b)

No.of runs

1 run

e)

Minimum Air clearance

#REF!

f)

Tensile force Ft

#REF!

#REF!

g)

Drop force Ff

#REF!

#REF!

h)

Pinch force Fpi

#NAME?

I)

Phase Pull force (Maximum of f,g,h)

#REF!

###

#NAME?
#REF!

35+18 of 89+18

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ECC Division - EDRC
PROJECT

TITLE

DOCUMENT NO

: LAKSHYA

765kV SWITCHYARD - SHORTCIRCUIT FORCE


CALCULATION -EQUIPMENT

DATE
2/21/2016

PREPARED

CHECKED

VTN

SSV

SHEET

Quad Moose-60m

Page 36

Quad Moose-60m

Page 37

Quad Moose-60m

Page 38

Quad Moose-60m

Page 39

Quad Moose-60m

Page 40

Quad Moose-60m

Page 41

Twin Moose-60m

Page 42

Twin Moose-60m

Page 43

Twin Moose-60m

Page 44

Twin Moose-60m

Page 45

Twin Moose-60m

Page 46

Twin Moose-60m

Page 47

Twin Moose-137m

Page 48

Twin Moose-137m

Page 49

Twin Moose-137m

Page 50

Twin Moose-137m

Page 51

Twin Moose-137m

139.7

Page 52

Twin Moose-137m

Page 53

Twin Moose-150m

Page 54

Twin Moose-150m

Page 55

Twin Moose-150m

Page 56

Twin Moose-150m

Page 57

Twin Moose-150m

152.6

Page 58

Twin Moose-150m

Page 59

Twin Moose-153m

Page 60

Twin Moose-153m

Page 61

Twin Moose-153m

Page 62

Twin Moose-153m

Page 63

Twin Moose-153m

155.8

Page 64

Twin Moose-153m

Page 65

Twin Moose-130.2

Page 66

Twin Moose-130.2

Page 67

Twin Moose-130.2

Page 68

Twin Moose-130.2

Page 69

Twin Moose-130.2

130.2

Page 70

Twin Moose-130.2

Page 71

Twin Moose-124.4m

Page 72

Twin Moose-124.4m

Page 73

Twin Moose-124.4m

Page 74

Twin Moose-124.4m

Page 75

Twin Moose-124.4m

124.4

Page 76

Twin Moose-124.4m

Page 77

Twin Moose-133.7m

Page 78

Twin Moose-133.7m

Page 79

Twin Moose-133.7m

Page 80

Twin Moose-133.7m

Page 81

Twin Moose-133.7m

133.7

Page 82

Twin Moose-133.7m

Page 83

CUBIC EQUATION

+d st d - d pifn = 0
A0
1
1

Coeff

A1
0

(Eqn 62,Pg-56-IEC:865-Part-I)
A2
2.10E-031
2.10E-031

A3
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!

SOLUTION
REF

Schaum Series-Mathematics

Ch-9 Solution of Algebraic Equations

=(3 A2-A12)/9

6.99E-032

=(9 A1A2-27A3-2A13)/54

#DIV/0!

=3(R+(Q3+R2))

#DIV/0!

=3(R-(Q3+R2))

#DIV/0!

=Q3+R2

#DIV/0!

D<0

D=0

D>0

Result

#DIV/0!

Theta

#DIV/0!

Root1

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

Root2

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

Root3

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

CHECK
(-) abg
(+) d d +d d +dd
(-) d+d+d

Calculated
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!

Actual
#DIV/0!
2.10E-031
0

Error (%)
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
0.00000%

Error (%)
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
0.00000%

CUBIC EQUATION

+d st d - d pifn = 0
A0
1
1

Coeff

A1
0

(Eqn 62,Pg-56-IEC:865-Part-I)
A2
#NAME?
#NAME?

A3
#NAME?
#NAME?

SOLUTION
REF

Schaum Series-Mathematics

Ch-9 Solution of Algebraic Equations

=(3 A2-A12)/9

#NAME?

=(9 A1A2-27A3-2A13)/54

#NAME?

=3(R+(Q3+R2))

#NAME?

=3(R-(Q3+R2))

#NAME?

=Q3+R2

#NAME?

D<0

D=0

D>0

Result

#NAME?

Theta

#NAME?

Root1

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

Root2

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

Root3

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

Actual
#NAME?
#NAME?
0

Error (%)
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.00000%

CHECK
(-) ddd
(+) dd+dd+dd
(-) d+d+d

Calculated
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?

Error (%)
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.00000%

CUBIC EQUATION

d2 c 3 + d ( 2+d) d
A0

+ (1+2d) d - d (2+d) = 0

A1

A2

(Eqn 33,Pg-43-IEC:865-Part-I)

A3

17.47271 21.93189 7.493633 -20.06545


1
1.255208 0.428876 -1.148388

Coeff
SOLUTION
REF

Schaum Series-Mathematics

Ch-9 Solution of Algebraic Equations

=(3 A2-A12)/9

-0.032102

=(9 A1A2-27A3-2A13)/54

0.590669

=3(R+(Q3+R2))

1.057113

=3(R-(Q3+R2))

0.030368

=Q3+R2

0.348857

D<0

D=0

D>0

Result

0.669078

Theta

Root1

-0.060062

0.669078

0.669078

Root2

-0.597573

-0.962143

-0.96214+0.88919i

-0.96214+0.88919i

Root3

-0.597573

-0.962143

-0.96214-0.88919i

-0.96214-0.88919i

CHECK
Calculated
(-) ddd
(+) dd+dd+dd
(-) d+d+d

Actual

Error (%)

-1.14839
-1.148388
0.428878969699712+9.992007220.428876

-0.00008%
#VALUE!

1.255202

-0.00048%

1.255208

CUBIC EQUATION

+d st d
A0
1
1

Coeff

- d pi = 0
A1
2.10E-031
2.10E-031

(Eqn 51,Pg-54-IEC:865-Part-I)
A2
0
0

A3
0
0

SOLUTION
REF

Schaum Series-Mathematics

Ch-9 Solution of Algebraic Equations

=(3 A2-A12)/9

-4.9E-063

=(9 A1A2-27A3-2A13)/54

-3.4E-094

=3(R+(Q3+R2))

#VALUE!

=3(R-(Q3+R2))

#VALUE!

=Q3+R2

D<0

D=0

D>0

Result

#VALUE!

Theta

Root1

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Root2

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Root3

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

CHECK
(-) ddd
(+) dd+dd+dd
(-) d+d+d

Calculated
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Actual
0
0
2.10E-031

Error (%)
#VALUE!
0.00000%
#VALUE!