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Brief on working session on Livelihood opportunities for IDPs organised by UNHCR Purpose: UNHCR is developing a programme strategy for resolving situation of IDPs, so they want to identify potential and realistic solution in terms of employment. Participants of the working group: representatives of the Ministry of Labour, Employment, Veterans and Social Policy, Commissariat for refugees, NGOs dealing with IDPs issues, TARI Project, HELP, UNOPS EU Support to Roma Employment Project. Statistics:      Employment rate of IDPs – 35,4% Half of IDP households have no single employed member Half of unemployed IDPs have never worked at all 65% of IDPs are long-term unemployed (more than two years) National Employment Service has registered only 6,400 IDPs out of near 100,000 people Roma IDPs are in the worst situation with 74% of unemployment rate (only 13% of Roma IDP households receive some income from employment) Performance of recent projects for IDPs:   Income generation assistance got 5,778 beneficiaries out of which only 200 Roma IDPs Large disproportion in support to IDPs in general and Roma IDPs IPD Needs Assessment conducted by UNHCR in 2010:      Approximately 97,286 IDPs in need live in Serbia. The majority is settled in urban areas, western Serbia and Sumadija; majority of extremely vulnerable Roma IDPs are located in Vojvodina where they make up nearly half of all IDP population IDP households in need are concentrated in Belgrade (21.9%) and Kragujevac (11,6%), followed by Novi Sad (9%) and Niš (8.2%). Serbs are in majority, followed by Roma 74.5% of the Roma IDP population are in need, in comparison to 41.7% of non-Roma IDPs Unemployment among IDPs in need is 39%; unemployment among the general population is 19.2%.The majority of the IDP households in need (74.3%) survive on an income of less than RSD 20,000 (approx EUR 200) per month Housing is the main need for IDPs, with 94% of all IDPs in need expressing this. Proposals/conclusions:   System reform needs – tax incentives in the first year of business, possibility of retaining social assistance in the first year of employment, regulation of micro finance sector SMEs – the main partners for projects as potential employers    To include “mobility grants” for beneficiaries and thus stimulate moving of people to get a job Proper assessment of IDPs in need profiles should be done before design of new project proposals where local self-government could have key role UNHCR will produce the following: IDP population analysis, impact assessment and programme strategy which will be shared with participants