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First Sino-Japanese War

The First Sino-Japanese War (1 August 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between the Qing
Empire of China and theEmpire of Japan, primarily over control of Korea. After more than six months
of unbroken successes by Japanese land and naval forces and the loss of the Chinese port
of Weihaiwei, the Qing government sued for peace in February 1895.
The war demonstrated the failure of the Qing Empire's attempts to modernize its military and fend off
threats to its sovereignty, especially when compared with Japan's successful Meiji Restoration.[1] For
the first time[citation needed], regional dominance inEast Asia shifted from China to Japan; the prestige of the
Qing Empire, along with the classical tradition in China, suffered a major blow. The humiliating loss
of Korea as a vassal state sparked an unprecedented public outcry. Within China, the defeat was a
catalyst for a series of political upheavals led by Sun Yat-sen and Kang Youwei, culminating in the
1911 Xinhai Revolution.
The war is commonly known in China as the War of Jiawu (simplified Chinese: 甲午战争; traditional
Chinese: 甲午戰爭; pinyin:Jiǎwǔ Zhànzhēng), referring to the year (1894) as named under the
traditional sexagenary system of years. In Japan, it is called the Japan–Qing War (Nisshin
sensō (日清戦争 )). In Korea, where much of the war took place, it is called the Qing–Japan
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War (Korean: 청일전쟁; Hanja: 淸日戰爭).