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Skeletal

Muscle Cell
BY: Pizza, Ja, June, Guy

3 types of muscle cell:

-Cardiac

-Smooth

-Skeletal

Locations of Skeletal Muscle Cell

Found under the skin; face, neck, arms, legs
and torso.
Forming skeletal muscle to cover skeleton
and stabilize your body’s shape.

Reason why most of them are found under the skin


To maintain body’s posture and movement.
Holding your bones and keeping your muscles in the right position.
Prevent all of your joints from dislocating.

What specialized organelles are found in this cell?






Nucleus (multinucleated)
Mitochondria: produce ATP
Sarcoplasmic reticulum: release/absorb calcium ions during contraction and relaxation
: detoxification of drugs
Sarcoplasm: cytoplasm of muscle cell
Sarcolemma: cell membrane of muscle cell
Myofibrils: the basic rod-like subunit of muscle cells
Myofilament: interact to cause muscle contractions
-Thick=myosin
-Thin=actin
Transverse tubules: receive electrical impulse from the neuron.

Did you know?




Multinucleated: The skeletal muscle cell are so close
together that sometimes they eventually combine, when
performing the function.
Mitochondria: help the cell to produce energy, and use it
in the muscle’s contraction and relaxation.
No SER: already have sarcoplasmic reticulum to replace
No Ribosome: They can’t make their protein = They get
them from the other cells
No RER/ Lysosome/ Golgi body: Without the ribosome,
these organelles will not exist.

how does skeletal muscle cell differ from
plant or animal cell?








Bigger than animal/plant cell
Long and narrow
Have many nucleus
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
Myofibril
Sarcoplasmic reticulum
(store Calcium/ similar to smooth ER)
Transverse tubule
Terminal cisternae of sarcoplasmic
reticulum

What is the shape of cell?

Long cylindrical shape.
Length is around 1-10 mm and its
diameter is 10-120 micrometre
long.

What is the function of the cell?
Give the energy for body to
move
Stabilize the joints
Help maintain an upright
posture
Support organs and internal
tissues
Maintain body temperature
Stores nutrient

How does the shape of
the cell affect the
function ?


The skeletal muscle cell contains
myofibrils.
Myofibril shapes like a long
cylindrical.
The shape help with different
performance of extending,
determine contraction and
relaxation of the muscle.

How does the function of this keep help keep the
organism alive?


Movement & Gesture
- If the skeletal muscle can work well = Humans are able to do activities in daily
life.
Maintains homeostasis
- When the body is shiver = The muscles start to provide heat.
Keeping bones in the position & Giving body its shape
- The muscles attach the bone.

diseases related to the malfunction
of skeletal muscle cell

Muscular dystrophy: inherited from parents
Symptoms: weakening the muscles/ makes the muscle disability
Fibromyalgia: cause pain to spread through our body, but especially in muscle.
CANNOT BE CURE !
Symptoms: fatigue/ tension headaches/ gastrointestinal issues

diseases related to the malfunction
of skeletal muscle cell

Cerebral palsy: occur in baby (after 18 months)
Symptoms: baby cannot sit, walk and reaching toys.
Myasthenia gravis
Symptoms: weaken the muscle
mostly at muscle face
hard to speak, swallow, open and close eyelids

Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMT4PtXRCVA.

Bibliography
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