You are on page 1of 7

IV Grammar Page | 1

Eng gr. 2nd sem

std. IV. 2015-16. Revision.

Adjectives
1. Adjectives of quality = adjectives of quality describe the quality of a person or thing. They tell us of
what kind a person or a thing is.
2. Adjectives of quantity = adjective of quantity specifies the quantity of a thing. It describes HOW
MUCH a thing is.
3. Adjectives of number = they tell us the numerical strength of persons or things, it answers the
question IN WHAT ORDER or HOW MUCH.
4. Demonstrative adjectives = it points out which persons or things are meant. It answers the question
WHICH.
5. Interrogative adjectives = it is used with a noun to ask questions. WHAT, WHICH, WHOSE.
6. Possessive adjectives = it show possession or belonging. It tells us whose a thing is. MY,YOUR,
HIS, HER, ITS are used in singular cases.
OUR, YOUR, THERE are used in plural cases.
Ex. 1. Fill in the blanks with adjectives from the given bracket.
( clever, enough, long, thick, beautiful, thirty five, more, stormy, large, bitter, airy, happy, cold, fashionable,
delicious, thick, three first, some , few, your, my, our, their )
1. Mira is a clever girl.
2. They have enough money.
3. Rapunzel had long, thick and beautiful hair.
4. It was a stormy day.
5. There are thirty five boys in Std. IV D class.
6. Grow more trees to save the earth.
7. The leaves of the Neem tree are bitter in taste.
8. The house is large and airy.
9. What a happy ending the film had!
10. I do not like to drink cold tea.
11. Fara wore a fashionable dress in the party.
12. It was a delicious cake with thick icing on it.
13. I bought three dresses.
14. He stood first in class.
15. The beggar was given some food.
16. There are few biscuits in the jar.
17. Is that your shirt?
18. This is my pet, Ruff.
19. Our house is large.
20. Their raincoats are wet.
Ex.2. form adjectives from the following nouns and verbs by adding suitable ending from the bracket. ( y,
able, al, ed, en, ic, ing, ish, ive, ous, ful, ate )
1.
2.
3.
4.

Help helpful
Music musical
Centre central
Wool woolen

11. Power powerful


12. mechanic mechanical
13. haste hasty
14. wood wooden

IV Grammar Page | 2

5. Affection affectionate
6. Expense expensive
7. Courage courageous
8. Create creative
9. Gold golden
10. Disappoint disappointed.

15. love lovely, lovable


16. greed greedy
17.value valuable
18. rot rotten
19. rocks rocking

Ex. 3. Underline adjectives and state their kinds.


1.
2.
3.
A.
A.
A.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

There are beautiful flowers in the vase. Adjectives of quality.


Seven days make a week. Adjectives of numbers.
There is enough food to feed everyone. Adjectives of quantity
This is a very popular search engine. Possessive adjective.
Their train was late. Possessive adjectives
The red pen is hers. Possessive adjective.
Whose book is this? Adjective of Interrogative.
I like these oranges. Demonstrative adjectives
Look at that boy. Demonstrative adjectives.
Madhuri is a good dancer. Adjective of quality.
We have enough wealth. Adjective of quantity.
Read the tenth chapter of this book. Tenth = adjective of number, this = Adjective of demonstrative.

Ex. 4. Degree of comparison.


Positive .
1. Deep
2. Clever
3. Strong
4. Thick
5. Sweet
6. Weak
7. Short
8. Cold
9. Young
10. Old
11. Old
12. Small
13. Able
14. Brave
15. Fine
16. Large
17. Noble
18. Pure
19. Wise
20. White
21. Big
22. Fat
23. Hot
24. Mad
25. Sad

comparative
deeper
cleverer
stronger
thicker
sweeter
weaker
shorter
colder
younger
older
elder
smaller
abler
braver
finer
larger
nobler
purer
wiser
whiter
bigger
fatter
hotter
madder
sadder

superlative.
deepest.
cleverest
strongest
thickest
sweetest
weakest
shortest.
coldest
youngest
oldest
eldest
smallest
ablest
bravest
finest
largest
noblest
purest
wisest
whitest
biggest
fattest
hottest
maddest
saddest

IV Grammar Page | 3

26. Thin
27. Pretty
28. Happy
29. Heavy
30. Lazy
31. Merry
32. Ugly
33. Wealthy
34. Active
35. Beautiful
36. Dangerous
37. Faithful
38. Handsome
39. Useful
40. Foolish
41. Bad
42. Far
43. Good, well
44. Little
45. Late
46. Much, many

thinner
prettier
happier
heavier
lazier
merrier
uglier
wealthier
more active
more beautiful
more dangerous
more faithful
more handsome
more useful
more foolish
worse
farther
better
less, lesser,
later, latter
more

thinnest
prettiest
happiest
heaviest
laziest
merriest
ugliest
wealthiest
most active
most beautiful
most dangerous
most faithful
most handsome
most useful
most foolish
worst
farthest
best
least
latest, last
most

47. Ex. 5. Fill in the blanks with suitable adjectives to complete the comparisons. (Similes)
1. As beautiful as the rainbow.
2. As big as an elephant.
3. As blind as a bat.
4. As bright as silver.
5. As brown as a bun.
6. As busy as a bee.
7. As cheerful as birds.
8. As clear as crystal.
9. As cool as a cucumber.
10. As countless as the stars.
11. As cunning as a fox.
12. As deep as the sea.
13. As faithful as the dog.
14. As good as Gold.
15. As green as grass.

16. As hard as iron.


17. As hot as fire.
18. As hungry as a wolf.
19. As mischievous as a monkey
20. As playful as a rabbit.
21. As proud as a peacock.
22. As quiet as a lamb.
23. As sharp as a knife.
24. As slow as a snail.
25. As soft as silk.
26. As sour as lime.
27. As sweet as sugar.
28. As white as snow.
29. As tall as a giraffe.
30. As tough as nail.

31. Tenses.
1.
2.
3.
4.
32.

Present tense is used to express actions in the present time. E.g. play.
Past tense is used to express actions in the past time. e.g. played.
Future tense is used to express actions in the future time. E.g. will play.
A verb showing an action that is going on or continuing at the present time is said to be present
continuous tense. By adding ing with verb.
IS is used when HE, SHE, or IT or singular noun is the subject.

33. ARE is used when WE, YOU, THEY or plural noun is the subject.
34. AM is used when I is the subject.
5. A verb showing an action that was going on at same point of time in the past is said to be in the Past
continuous tense. By adding ing with verb.
35. WAS is used when I, HE, SHE, IT is the subject.
36. WERE is used when WE, YOU, THEY is the subject.
37. Ex. 6. Fill in the blanks with verbs in the simple present tense. OR the sounds made by the following
animals in the simple present tense.
1. A frog croaks but cats mew.
2. Ducks quack but a dove coos.
3. A snake hisses but sheep bleat
4. Donkeys bray but elephants trumpet.
5. A horse neighs but roosters crow.
6. Geese hiss but hens cluck.
7. Crows caw but owls hoot.
8. Flies buzz but wolves howl
9. Lions roar but mice squeak.
10. Bees buzz but camels grunt.
38. Ex. 7. Fill in the blanks with simple present tense. Verbs given in the bracket.
1. My dad goes by car to office. (go)
2. Neelam writes a letter. (write)
3. Raja speaks the truth. (speak)
4. Everyone likes to be healthy and happy. (like)
5. Teachers always park their vehicles in the parking. (park)
6. The sun sets in the west. (set)
7. They obey their parents. (obey)
8. Two and two makes four. (make)
9. Amrit gets up early in the morning. (get)
10. A magnet attracts iron. (attract)
11. The cook fires the vegetables in hot oil.(fry)
12. The cobbler mends the shoe. (mend)
13. My mother cooks delicious dishes. (Cook)
14. A flower blooms in the garden. (bloom)
15. Servant sweeps the floor. (sweep)
39. Ex. 8. Fill in the blanks with simple past tense.
1. The boy jumped into the lake. (jump)
2. I met my uncle yesterday. (meet)

3. The peon posted the letter. (post)


4. The deer ran very fast. (run)
5. India became independent in the year 1947. (become)
6. We heard the news on the radio. (hear)
7. She answered all the questions correctly. (answer)
8. Sunita talked very politely to her. (talk)
9. Children swam in the canal. (swim)
10. The police caught the thief red handed. (catch)
11. Isha hurt herself while cutting vegetables.(hurt)
12. Ruby hanged her frock on the peg. (hang)
40. Ex. 9. Fill in the blanks with future tense.
1. I am sure you will like the gift. ( like )
2. Leave a note on the table. They will see it when they come back. (see)
3. They want to build a house. They will take a loan from the bank. ( take)
4. Rita will join us for lunch today. (join)
5. Wear this jacket. It will look nice on you. (look)
6. Ankita will teach you how to use the computer. (teach)
7. I will return the money as soon as I receive my salary. (return)
8. Our Prime Minister will go to America next month. (go)
9. The Principal will punish the naughty students. (punish)
10. He will eat his breakfast. (eat)
41. Ex.10. Fill in the blanks with present continuous tense.
1. The population of India is growing very fast. ( grow)
2. You are making a lot of noise. (make)
3. Stop talking. The teacher is coming. (come)
4. He is doing a course in computer. (do)
5. Hari is searching for his keys. (search)
6. Ram is going to the hospital for a checkup. (go)
7. The girls are practicing the song. (practice)
8. My friends are waiting for me near the office. (wait)
9. The students are using computer every Monday. (use)
10. I am going out now. (go)
42. Ex.11. Fill in the blanks with past continuous tense.
1. Mother fell asleep while she was watching T.V. (watch)
2. The door bell rang when Hari was reading his book. (read)
3. The mason was building a new house. (build)
4. The old man was sleeping soundly. (sleep)
5. We were flying kites. (fly)
6. The teacher talked to the students when they were doing rehearsal. (do)
7. At night I heard some people were running after a stranger. (run)
8. The children were swimming in the canal.
9. The labourers were loading the trucks. (load)
10. It was raining very heavily yesterday. (rain)
43. Ex. 12. Rewrite the following sentences inserting marks of punctuations where necessary.
1. arjun come here
A. Arjun, come here.

2. why are you late ramu


A. Why are you late, Ramu?
3. this may be rajas compass i have found it under his chair
A. This may be Rajas compass I have found it under his chair.
4. what a lovely picture i would like to buy it
A. What a lovely picture! I would like to buy it.
5. it is my sisters book
A. It is my sisters book.
6. december is the last month of the year
A. December is the last month of the year.
44. 7.india became independent on august 15, 1947
45. A. India became independent on August 15, 1947.
46. 8. have you finished your lesson meet
47. A. Have you finished your lesson, Meet?
48. 9. I bought a pen a knife a rubber and an inkpot
49. A. I bought a pen, a knife, a rubber and an inkpot.
50. 10. delhi is the capital of india.
51. A. Delhi is the capital of India.
52. Ex. 13. Rewrite the following sentences after putting an apostrophe at the right place.
1. The car of my uncle is very old.
A. My uncles car is very old.
2. The fever of my mother is high.
A. My mothers fever is high.
3. The neck of a giraffe is very long.
A. The giraffes neck is very long.
4. The necktie of the salesman is blue.
A. The salesmans necktie is blue.
5. The tail of a monkey is long.
A. The monkeys tail is long.
6. The park of the children.
A. The childrens park.
7. The club of the women.
A. The womens club.
8. The provident fund of the employees.
A. The employees provident fund.
9. The promotion of my father is due.
A. My fathers promotion is due.
10. The light of the lamp is dim.
A. The lamps light is dim.
11. The roof of house is leaking.
A. The houses roof is leaking.
53. Ex. 14. Essay writing. Or passage writing.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Our school library.


My pet.
Save environment.
The teacher I like most.
My country.
Unseen.

54. Ex.15. Comprehension.


55. Ex.16. Picture story. (Moral story).
56.
57.
58.
59.